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Dan Li, Peng Zhang
This study was designed to investigate the protective effect and possible molecular mechanism of liquiritin on oxybuprocaine-induced apoptosis of human corneal endothelial cells (HCECs). In this study, the effect of oxybuprocaine on the proliferation of HCEC-12 was detected using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). The inductive effect of oxybuprocaine on HCEC-12 apoptosis and protective effect of liquiritin against oxybuprocaine-induced HCEC-12 apoptosis were tested by Annexin V/propidium iodide (PI) staining and flow cytometry...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Holger Winkels, Erik Ehinger, Melanie Vassallo, Konrad Buscher, Huy Dinh, Kouji Kobiyama, Anouk Hamers, Clément Cochain, Ehsan Vafadarnejad, Antoine-Emmanuel Saliba, Alma Zernecke, Akula Pramod, Amlan Ghosh, Nathaly Anto Michel, Natalie Hoppe, Ingo Hilgendorf, Andreas Zirlik, Catherine Hedrick, Klaus Ley, Dennis Wolf
<u>Rationale:</u> Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease that is driven by the interplay of pro- and anti-inflammatory leukocytes in the aorta. Yet, the phenotypic and transcriptional diversity of aortic leukocytes is only poorly understood. <u>Objective:</u> We characterized leukocytes from healthy and atherosclerotic mouse aortas in-depth by single cell RNA-sequencing (scRNAseq) and mass cytometry (CyTOF) to define an atlas of the immune cell landscape in atherosclerosis...
March 15, 2018: Circulation Research
Jamie S Penk, S Javed H Zaidi, Cheryl A Lefaiver, Supitcha Muangmingsuk, Vivian W Cui, David A Roberson
BACKGROUND: Quantifying right ventricular function in patients with a systemic right ventricle (RV) is difficult but important for prognosis. Tissue motion annular displacement tracks displacement of the tricuspid annulus toward the apex. We evaluated this measure alongside fractional area change (FAC) on patients with single, RV prior to the bidirectional Glenn procedure. We tested both measures for correlation with outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective measurement of tissue motion annular displacement and FAC was performed on echocardiographic clips obtained prior to the bidirectional Glenn...
March 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Ines Marek, Robert Becker, Fabian B Fahlbusch, Carlos Menendez-Castro, Wolfgang Rascher, Christoph Daniel, Gudrun Volkert, Andrea Hartner
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Healing of mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis involves degradation of excess extracellular matrix, resolution of hypercellularity by apoptosis and phagocytosis of apoptotic cells. Integrin receptors participate in the regulation of phagocytosis. In mice deficient for alpha8 integrin (Itga8-/-) healing of glomerulonephritis is delayed. As Itga8 is abundant in mesangial cells (MC) which are non-professional phagocytes, we hypothesized that Itga8 facilitates phagocytosis of apoptotic cells and matrix components by MC...
March 10, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Wei Wang, Claudia Racioppi, Basile Gravez, Lionel Christiaen
Genome-wide studies in Ciona often require highly purified cell populations. In this methods chapter, we introduce multi-channel combinatorial fluorescence activated cells sorting (FACS) and magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) as two sensitive and efficient tools for isolating lineage-specific cell populations from dissociated Ciona embryos and larvae. We present isolation of trunk ventral cell (TVC) progeny as the test case most commonly used in our laboratory. These approaches may also be applied to purify other cell populations with the proper combination of tissue-specific reporters...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
L Abraham, H Kreipe, P Raab, K Hussein
Intravascular B‑cell lymphomas (IVL) are rare neoplasms that can manifest at any age (mean age ~62-63 years). About half of the cases are associated with Epstein-Barr virus. The most common sites of manifestation are the brain, skin, and bone marrow. The diagnosis is difficult due to unspecific clinical presentation and laboratory changes. FACS (fluorescence-activated cell sorting) and clonality analysis from peripheral blood and radiological findings are often not diagnostic. The most sensitive and most specific diagnostic method is the histopathological and immunohistochemical evaluation of a tissue biopsy...
March 14, 2018: Der Pathologe
Sascha Suffner, Nadine Gerstenberg, Maria Patra, Paula Ruibal, Ahmed Orabi, Michael Schindler, Volker Bruss
During hepatitis B virus infections subviral particles (SVP) consisting only of viral envelope proteins and lipids are secreted. Heterologous expression of the small envelope protein S in mammalian cells is sufficient for SVP generation. S is synthesized as a transmembrane protein with N-terminal (TM1), central (TM2), and C-terminal (HCR) transmembrane domains. The loops between TM1 and TM2 (CL) and between TM2 and HCR (LL) are located in the cytosol and in the ER lumen, respectively. To define domains of S mediating oligomerization during SVP morphogenesis S mutants were characterized by expression in transiently transfected cells...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Virology
Livius Penter, Kerstin Dietze, Lars Bullinger, Jörg Westermann, Hans-Peter Rahn, Leo Hansmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2018: European Journal of Immunology
Georgina Shillito, Thomas B J Hall, Dan Preston, Philipp Traber, Lingjun Wu, Katherine Reynolds, Raphael Horvath, Xue Zhong Sun, Nigel T Lucas, James D Crowley, Michael W George, Stephan Kupfer, Keith C Gordon
The ground and excited state photophysical properties of a series of fac-[Re(L)(CO)3 (α-diimine)]n+ complexes, where L = Br- , Cl- , 4-dimethylaminopyridine (dmap) and pyridine (py) have been extensively studied utilizing numerous electronic and vibrational spectroscopic techniques in conjunction with a suite of quantum computational methods. The α-diimine ligand consists of 1,10-phenanthroline with the highly electron donating triphenylamine (TPA) appended in the 5 position. This gives rise to intra-ligand charge-transfer (ILCT) states lying lower in energy than the conventional metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (MLCT) state, the energies of which are red and blue-shifted, respectively, as the ancillary ligand, L becomes more electron withdrawing...
March 14, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Greggory R DeVore, Berthold Klas, Gary Satou, Mark Sklansky
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to measure the fractional area change (FAC) of the right and left ventricles in normal fetal hearts between 20 and 40 weeks of gestation using speckle-tracking software. METHODS: The 4-chamber view of the fetal heart was obtained in 200 control fetuses between 20 and 40 weeks of gestation. The FAC was computed from the ventricular areas [((end-diastolic area) - (end-systolic area)/(end-diastolic area)) x 100] for the right and left ventricles and regressed against 7 independent biometric and age variables...
March 14, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Claudia Conte, Francesca Mastrotto, Vincenzo Taresco, Aleksandra Tchoryk, Fabiana Quaglia, Snjezana Stolnik, Cameron Alexander
In the treatment of lung cancer, there is an urgent need of innovative medicines to optimize pharmacological responses of conventional chemotherapeutics while attenuating side effects. Here, we have exploited some relatively unexplored subtle differences in reduction potential, associated with cancer cell microenvironments in addition to the well-known changes in intracellular redox environment. We report the synthesis and application of novel redox-responsive PLGA (poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)) -PEG (polyethylene glycol) nanoparticles (RR-NPs) programmed to change surface properties when entering tumor microenvironments, thus enhance cell internalization of the particles and their drug cargo...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Lukas Valihrach, Peter Androvic, Mikael Kubista
Single-cell analysis has become an established method to study cell heterogeneity and for rare cell characterization. Despite the high cost and technical constraints, applications are increasing every year in all fields of biology. Following the trend, there is a tremendous development of tools for single-cell analysis, especially in the RNA sequencing field. Every improvement increases sensitivity and throughput. Collecting a large amount of data also stimulates the development of new approaches for bioinformatic analysis and interpretation...
March 11, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
T Tian, Z Hua, L Z Wang, X Y Wang, H Y Chen, Z H Liu, Z M Cui
Objective: To elucidate the impact of over-expression of S100A7 on migration, invasion, proliferation, cell cycle, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in human cervical cancer HeLa and CaSki cells. Methods: (1) Immunohistochemistry of SP was used to examine the expression of S100A7 in 40 cases of squamous cervical cancer tissues and 20 cases of normal cervical tissues. (2) The vectors of pLVX-IRES-Neo-S100A7 and pLVX-IRES-Neo were used to transfect human cervical cancer HeLa and CaSki cells, and the positive clones were screened and identified...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
Kenneth D Clevenger, Rosa Ye, Jin Woo Bok, Paul M Thomas, Md Nurul Islam, Galen P Miley, Matthew Robey, Cynthia Chen, KaHoua Yang, Michael Swyers, Edward Wu, Peng Gao, Chengcang Wu, Nancy P Keller, Neil L Kelleher
The benzodiazepine benzomalvin A/D is a fungal-derived specialized metabolite and inhibitor of the substance P receptor NK1, biosynthesized by a three-gene non-ribosomal peptide synthetase cluster. Here, we utilize <u>f</u>ungal <u>a</u>rtificial <u>c</u>hromosomes with <u>m</u>etabolomic <u>s</u>coring (FAC-MS) to carry out molecular genetic pathway dissection and targeted metabolomics analysis to assign the in vivo role of each domain in the benzomalvin biosynthetic pathway...
March 13, 2018: Biochemistry
Karin de Ruiter, Selma van Staveren, Bart Hilvering, Edward Knol, Nienke Vrisekoop, Leo Koenderman, Maria Yazdanbakhsh
Upon activation granulocytes upregulate several adhesion molecules (CD11b) and granule proteins (CD35, CD66b) and shed surface l-selectin (CD62L). These changes in expression, as assessed by flow cytometry, can be used as markers for activation. Whereas these markers are usually studied in fresh blood samples, a new method is required when samples are collected at a field site with no direct access to a flow cytometer. Therefore, we developed and tested a field-applicable method in which fixed leukocytes were cryopreserved...
March 13, 2018: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
Syed Qaiser Shah, Gul-E-Raana, Ghias Uddin
This investigation aimed to modify finasteride (1) to finasteride dithiocarbamate (2) for subsequent synthesis of the rhenium analogue (3) and [99m Tc]tricarbonyl complexes (4), to assess its prostate cancer (PCa) targeting potential in a rat model. To validate the identity of (4), reference (3) has been synthesized using fac-[Net4 ]2 [ReBr3 (CO)3 ] precursor and characterized by1 H-NMR,13 C-NMR , ESI-MS and elemental analysis. The analogue (4) was synthesized using fac-[99m Tc(H2 O)3 (CO)3 ]+ precursor and its structure was confirmed by comparative HPLC using (3) as a reference...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
Yuanyuan Tang, Joshua Berlind, Nirmala Mavila
BACKGROUND: The WNT-beta-catenin pathway is known to regulate cellular homeostasis during development and tissue regeneration. Activation of WNT signaling increases the stability of cytoplasmic beta-catenin and enhances its nuclear translocation. Nuclear beta-catenin function is regulated by transcriptional co-factors such as CREB binding protein (CBP) and p300. Hyper-activated WNT-beta-catenin signaling is associated with many cancers. However, its role in inducing stemness to liver cancer cells, its autoregulation and how it regulates tumor suppressor pathways are not well understood...
March 12, 2018: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
Katsuhiro Nakagawa, Takanori Matsuki, Liang Zhao, Kanako Kuniyoshi, Hiroki Tanaka, Isao Ebina, Kenta J Yoshida, Hiroshi Nabeshima, Kiyoharu Fukushima, Hisashi Kanemaru, Fumihiro Yamane, Takahiro Kawasaki, Tomohisa Machida, Hisamichi Naito, Nobuyuki Takakura, Takashi Satoh, Shizuo Akira
Schlafen-8 (Slfn8) is a member of the Schlafen family of proteins, which harbor helicase domains and are induced by LPS and interferons. It has been reported that the Schlafen family are involved in various cellular functions, including proliferation, differentiation and regulation of virus replication. Slfn8 has been implicated in T-cell differentiation in the thymus. However, the roles of Slfn8 in the immune system remains unclear. In this study, we generated Slfn8 knockout mice (Slfn8-/-) and investigated the immunological role of Slfn8 using the T-cell-mediated autoimmune model experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE)...
March 8, 2018: International Immunology
Giovanni Morone, Stefano Masiero, Paola Coiro, Domenico De Angelis, Vincenzo Venturiero, Stefano Paolucci, Marco Iosa
BACKGROUND: Robotic walking training improves probability to reach an autonomous walking in non-ambulant patients affected by subacute stroke. However, little information is available regarding the prognostic factors for identifying best responder patients. The purpose of the present study is therefore to investigate the clinical features of patients with subacute stroke that might benefit more from robotic walking therapy. METHODS: One hundred subacute inpatients randomized in robotic or conventional gait training were assessed at baseline and after 4 weeks of training performed 5 times per week...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Beatriz Lagunas, Liam Walker, Rana Muhammad Fraz Hussain, Ian Hands-Portman, Kate Woolley-Allen, Miriam L Gifford
Cell type-specific marker lines expressing fluorophores such as GFP or GUS can be used as starting material from which single cell types can be isolated by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) and/or for the study of root development. Establishing the stability of these lines is an essential step prior to further study to ensure that marker expression and localization is stable over time and during environmental perturbations of interest to researchers applying these lines as treatments. Here, we detail the use of root cross sectioning to investigate marker expression throughout the length and width of the root using the model legume Medicago truncatula as an example...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
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