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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645009/case-report-of-robotic-dor-fundoplication-for-scleroderma-esophagus-with-aperistalsis-on-manometry
#1
Alonso Andrade, Matthew K Folstein, Brian R Davis
Scleroderma is a systemic disease of collagen deposition resulting in fibrosis of small arteries and arterioles. It commonly affects the skin, lungs, and gastrointestinal tract. The most common site of GI tract involvement is the esophagus. We present the case report of a 44year old female with scleroderma esophagus and severe reflux which was successfully treated with robotic dor fundoplication. Because of the wide variety of symptoms with which this problem can present, a tailored approach taking into consideration the patient's symptomatology and findings during diagnostic work-up was implemented with good results...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644349/filaggrin-and-periostin-expression-is-altered-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis-and-normalized-with-treatment
#2
Ekaterini Politi, Aspasia Angelakopoulou, Dimitra Grapsa, Maria Zande, Kalliopi Stefanaki, Ioanna Panagiotou, Eleftheria Roma, Ekaterini Syrigou
OBJECTIVES: Previous data have suggested that filaggrin (FLG) and periostin (POSTN) genes may be dysregulated in eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). We aimed to further evaluate the expression patterns of FLG and POSTN proteins in esophageal tissue samples of patients with EoE, as compared to those of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and normal controls. METHODS: A total of 61 prospectively collected cases, including 40 children with EoE and 21 children with GERD, and a control group of 14 sex- and age-matched healthy children were enrolled...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644313/unique-clinical-features-of-los-angeles-grade-d-esophagitis-suggest-that-factors-other-than-gastroesophageal-reflux-contribute-to-its-pathogenesis
#3
Anh D Nguyen, Stuart J Spechler, Monique N Shuler, Rhonda F Souza, Kerry B Dunbar
BACKGROUND: The Los Angeles (LA) grade of reflux esophagitis (A to D) is assumed to reflect severity of the underlying gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Thus, LA-D esophagitis patients might be expected to have the most conditions predisposing to GERD (eg, obesity, hiatal hernia), and the highest frequency of GERD symptoms. GOALS: The main goal of this study is to compare clinical features of patients with the most severe (LA-D) and mildest (LA-A) grades of esophagitis...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638010/-evaluating-an-effectiveness-of-surgical-treatment-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-combined-with-hiatal-hernia
#4
V V Mozharovskiy, A A Tsyganov, K V Mozharovskiy, A A Tarasov
AIM: To assess an effectiveness of surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) combined with hiatal hernia (HH). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The trial included 96 patients with GERD and HH who were divided into 2 groups. The principal difference between groups was the use of surgery in the main group and therapeutic treatment in the comparison group. RESULTS: The effectiveness of surgical treatment is superior to therapeutic treatment of GERD by more than 2...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636735/salivary-epidermal-growth-factor-concentrations-in-patients-with-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-and-laryngopharyngeal-reflux
#5
Claudia A Eckley, Marco Antônio Dos Anjos Corvo, Luis Roberto Sardinha, Bianca Liquidato, Luiz Vicente Rizzo
Sjögren syndrome was chosen as a clinical model to study acinar salivary deficiencies in the development of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). The objective of this prospective cohort study was to compare salivary epidermal growth factor (EGF) concentrations of patients with Sjögren syndrome with and without LPR and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with normal controls. LPR was diagnosed with positive scores on the Reflux Symptom Index and Reflux and Reflux Finding Score, corroborated by esophagogastroduodenoscopy and/or 24-hour pH-metry...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631871/efficacy-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastro-jejunostomy-peg-j-decompression-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-cipo
#6
H Ohkubo, A Fuyuki, J Arimoto, T Higurashi, T Nonaka, Y Inoh, H Iida, M Inamori, T Kaneda, A Nakajima
BACKGROUNDS: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is an intractable rare digestive disease manifesting persistent small bowel distension without any mechanical cause. Intestinal decompression is a key treatment, but conventional method including a trans-nasal small intestinal tube is invasive and painful. Therefore, a less invasive and tolerable new decompression method is urgently desired. We conducted a pilot study and assessed the efficacy and safety of percutaneous endoscopic gastro-jejunostomy (PEG-J) decompression therapy in CIPO patients...
June 20, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628496/proton-pump-inhibitor-and-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-therapy-for-the-management-of-noncardiac-chest-pain
#7
Nikos Viazis, Konstantina Katopodi, George Karamanolis, Konstantinos Denaxas, Lazaros Varytimiadis, Michail Galanopoulos, Emmanouela Tsoukali, Dimitirs Kamberoglou, Angeliki Christidou, Dimitrios G Karamanolis, George Papatheodoridis, Gerasimos J Mantzaris
INTRODUCTION: Although gastroesophageal reflux disease is the main cause of noncardiac chest pain (NCCP), proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) benefit a minority of patients. Our prospective study evaluated the effect of PPI and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors on the different subtypes of NCCP characterized by impedance-pH monitoring. METHODS: All NCCP patients underwent impedance-pH monitoring and on the basis of the results, those with abnormal distal esophageal acid exposure received PPIs twice daily (group A), those with a positive symptom index for chest pain received citalopram 20 mg and PPI once daily (group B), and those with a negative symptom index for chest pain received citalopram 20 mg once daily (group C)...
June 16, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627413/modeling-esophagitis-using-human-three-dimensional-organotypic-culture-system
#8
Dorottya Laczkó, Fang Wang, F Bradley Johnson, Nirag Jhala, András Rosztóczy, Gregory G Ginsberg, Gary W Falk, Anil K Rustgi, John P Lynch
Esophagitis, whether caused by acid reflux, allergic responses, graft-versus-host disease, drugs, or infections, is a common condition of the gastrointestinal tract affecting nearly 20% of the US population. The instigating agent typically triggers an inflammatory response. The resulting inflammation is a risk factor for the development of esophageal strictures, Barrett esophagus, and esophageal adenocarcinoma. Research into the pathophysiology of these conditions has been limited by the availability of animal and human model systems...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625693/long-term-functional-outcomes-after-replacement-of-the-esophagus-in-pediatric-patients-a-systematic-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Stefano Garritano, Tomoyuki Irino, Chiara Maria Scandavini, Andrianos Tsekrekos, Lars Lundell, Ioannis Rouvelas
BACKGROUND: The indications of esophageal replacement (ER) in pediatric patients include long gap esophageal atresia (LGEA), intractable post-corrosive esophageal strictures (PCES), and some rare esophageal diseases. Various conduits and procedures are currently used worldwide with a lack of consensus regarding the ideal substitute to replace the esophagus replacement. The short-term outcomes of these advanced procedures are well known; there are few data available describing long-term functional outcomes of these patients with long life expectancy...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624173/high-resolution-manometry-compared-with-the-university-of-california-los-angeles-scleroderma-clinical-trials-consortium-git-2-0-in-systemic-sclerosis
#10
Hanan Sayed M Abozaid, Hala M K Imam, Marwa Mahmoud Abdelaziz, Dina H El-Hammady, Nihal A Fathi, Daniel E Furst
OBJECTIVES: To study esophageal high resolution manometry (HRM) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients and the correlation of findings to The University of California, Los Angeles Scleroderma Clinical Trials Consortium gastrointestinal tract 2.0 (UCLA SCTC_GIT 2.0). METHODS: Forty SSc patients were administered to the UCLA SCTC GIT 2.0. Patients underwent HRM study (Solar GI MMS). HRM data were compared with 15 healthy volunteers. RESULTS: Forty patients with mean age 46 ± 7 years and disease duration 9...
May 19, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623447/new-approaches-to-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#11
William Kethman, Mary Hawn
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common gastrointestinal disorder of the esophagus. It is a chronic, progressive disorder that presents most typically with heartburn and regurgitation and atypically with chest pain, dysphagia, chronic cough, globus, or sore throat. The mainstay for diagnosis and characterization of the disorder is esophagoduodenoscopy (EGD), high-resolution esophageal manometry, and symptom-associated ambulatory esophageal pH impedance monitoring...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622972/a-patient-led-international-study-of-long-term-outcomes-of-esophageal-atresia-eat-1
#12
Evelyn Svoboda, JoAnne Fruithof, Anke Widenmann-Grolig, Graham Slater, Frederic Armand, Bernhard Warner, Simon Eaton, Paolo De Coppi, Edward Hannon
INTRODUCTION: Long term outcomes of esophageal atresia (OA) are poorly understood. The Federation of Esophageal Atresia and Tracheo-Esophageal Fistula support groups (EAT), a collaboration of patient support groups aimed to define patient reported long term outcomes and quality of life (QoL) in a large international cohort of OA patients. METHODS: Questionnaires were designed focusing on patient/parent reported outcomes including surgical history, current symptomatology and quality of life...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620599/dysmotility-in-esophageal-atresia-pathophysiology-characterization-and-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Christophe Faure, Franziska Righini Grunder
Esophageal dysmotility is almost universal after esophageal atresia (EA) repair and is mainly related to the developmental anomaly of the esophagus. Esophageal dysmotility is involved in the pathophysiology of numerous symptoms and comorbidities associated with EA such as gastroesophageal reflux disease, aspiration and respiratory complications, and symptoms of dysphagia and feeding disorders. High-resolution esophageal manometry (HREM) has facilitated the characterization of the dysmotility, but there is an incomplete correlation between symptoms and manometrical patterns...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620597/feeding-problems-and-their-underlying-mechanisms-in-the-esophageal-atresia-tracheoesophageal-fistula-patient
#14
REVIEW
Lisa Mahoney, Rachel Rosen
Feeding difficulties such as dysphagia, coughing, choking, or vomiting during meals, slow eating, oral aversion, food refusal, and stressful mealtimes are common in children with repaired esophageal atresia (EA) and the reasons for this are often multifactorial. The aim of this review is to describe the possible underlying mechanisms contributing to feeding difficulties in patients with EA and approaches to management. Underlying mechanisms for these feeding difficulties include esophageal dysphagia, oropharyngeal dysphagia and aspiration, and aversions related to prolonged gastrostomy tube feeding...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620493/a-bronchoscopic-approach-to-benign-subglottic-stenosis
#15
Tuhina Raman, Kshitij Chatterjee, Bashar N Alzghoul, Ayoub A Innabi, Ozlem Tulunay, Thaddeus Bartter, Nikhil K Meena
OBJECTIVES: Subglottic stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the tracheal lumen at the level of subglottis (the area in between the vocal cords and the cricoid cartilage). It can cause significant symptoms due to severe attenuation of airflow. We describe our experience in alleviating symptoms by addressing the stenosis using fibreoptic bronchoscopic methods. METHODS: We report all concurrent cases performed between September 2015 and July 2016. We use a combination of balloon dilation, electro-surgery knife to dilate and incise stenotic segments followed by steroid injection to modulate healing...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612466/reflux-cough-syndrome-assessment-of-temporal-association-between-reflux-episodes-and-cough-bursts
#16
T V K Herregods, A Pauwels, J Tack, A J P M Smout, A J Bredenoord
BACKGROUND: Gastro-esophageal reflux can be the cause of chronic cough. In the assessment of the temporal association between reflux and cough, previous studies have used a two-minute time window, based on studies in patients with heartburn. However, it remains unclear whether the optimal time window duration for the evaluation of reflux-induced cough is two minutes as well. Therefore, we aimed to determine whether a two-minute time window is optimal to diagnose reflux-induced cough. METHODS: In this multicenter study, 137 patients with chronic cough were evaluated using 24-h pH-impedance-pressure monitoring...
June 14, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607547/omeprazole-domperidone-fixed-dose-combination-vs-omeprazole-monotherapy-a-phase-4-open-label-comparative-parallel-randomized-controlled-study-in-mild-to-moderate-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#17
K Y Marakhouski, G A Karaseva, D N Ulasivich, Y Kh Marakhouski
AIM: To compare the efficacy and safety of omeprazole-domperidone combination vs omeprazole monotherapy in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). METHODS: In a comparative, randomized controlled, phase 4 study, outpatients with GERD were randomly allocated to either group 1 (omeprazole 20 mg + domperidone 30 mg) or group 2 (omeprazole 20 mg) in an equal ratio; 2 capsules daily in the morning were administered for 8 weeks. RESULTS: Sixty patients were enrolled...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594883/qat-use-and-esophageal-cancer-in-ethiopia-a-pilot-case-control-study
#18
Maria E Leon, Mathewos Assefa, Endale Kassa, Abate Bane, Tufa Gemechu, Yared Tilahun, Nigatu Endalafer, Gilles Ferro, Kurt Straif, Elizabeth Ward, Abraham Aseffa, Joachim Schüz, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND: Qat (Catha edulis) chewing is reported to induce lesions in the buccal mucosa, irritation of the esophagus, and esophageal reflux. Case series suggest a possible etiological role in oral and esophageal cancers. This pilot study aimed to generate preliminary estimates of the magnitude and direction of the association between qat use and esophageal cancer (EC) risk and to inform the logistics required to conduct a multi-center case-control study. METHODS: Between May 2012 and May 2013, 73 EC cases (including 12 gastro-esophageal junction cases) and 133 controls matched individually on sex, age, and residence were enrolled at two endoscopy clinics and a cancer treatment hospital in Addis Ababa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593484/reflux-sleeve-dilation-and-barrett-s-esophagus-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-long-term-follow-up
#19
Daniel Moritz Felsenreich, Ronald Kefurt, Martin Schermann, Philipp Beckerhinn, Ivan Kristo, Michael Krebs, Gerhard Prager, Felix B Langer
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has become the most frequently performed bariatric procedure worldwide. De novo reflux might impact patients' quality of life, requiring lifelong proton pump inhibitor medication. It also increases the risk of esophagitis and formation of Barrett's metaplasia. Besides weight regain, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common reason for conversion to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. METHODS: We performed 24-h pH metries, manometries, gastroscopies, and questionnaires focusing on reflux (GIQLI, RSI) in SG patients with a follow-up of more than 10 years who did not suffer from symptomatic reflux or hiatal hernia preoperatively...
June 8, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593252/standard-vs-expanded-indications-for-esophageal-magnetic-sphincter-augmentation-for-reflux-disease
#20
John P Kuckelman, Cody J Phillips, Mark O Hardin, Matthew J Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: JAMA Surgery
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