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A H Dezfoulian, H Aliarabi
There have been extensive studies in sheep and cattle considering cobalt (Co) supplementation and its effects on vitamin B12 concentrations in the body. However, there are limited studies on goats. The aim of this study was to compare two different sources of Co (sulfate v. glucoheptonate) at two different concentrations (0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg dry matter) in goat kid nutrition, and to evaluate the effects of these supplements on performance, serum vitamin B12, blood biochemistry and rumen volatile fatty acids...
October 18, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
D Yesilbag, H Biricik, I Cetin, C Kara, Y Meral, S S Cengiz, A Orman, D Udum
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of juniper essential oil on the growth performance, rumen fermentation parameters, rumen protozoa population, blood antioxidant enzyme parameters and faecal content in growing Saanen kids. Thirty-six male Saanen kids (36 ± 14 days of age) were used in the study. Each group consisted of 9 kids. The control group (G1) was fed with a diet that consisted of the above concentrated feed and oat hay, whereas the experimental groups consumed the same diet but with the concentrated feed uniformly sprayed with juniper essential oil 0...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Meghan R Longacre, Keith M Drake, Linda J Titus, Jennifer Harris, Lauren P Cleveland, Gail Langeloh, Kristy Hendricks, Madeline A Dalton
Breakfast cereals represent the most highly advertised packaged food on child-targeted television, and most ads are for cereals high in sugar. This study examined whether children's TV exposure to child-targeted, high-sugar breakfast cereal (SBC) ads was associated with their consumption of those SBC brands. Parents of 3- to 5-year-old children were recruited from pediatric and Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinics in Southern New Hampshire, USA, and completed a cross-sectional survey between April-December 2013...
October 13, 2016: Appetite
Hongying Dai, Michael J Deem, Jianqiang Hao
OBJECTIVES: Studies have identified a proliferation of e-cigarette advertisements on Twitter. We investigate whether the prevalence of e-cigarette related advertising is associated with state tobacco regulations after taking socio-economic characteristics into account. METHODS: We collected e-cigarette related tweets from July 23 to October 14, 2015 (n = 757,167) on Twitter. State regulations and smoking prevalence were provided by the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids program...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Kevin Johnson, Maria Linnaus, David Notrica
BACKGROUND: Airway foreign bodies (FB) are a common medical emergency within the pediatric population. While deaths are not uncommon, the in-hospital mortality rates and correlation with anatomic location of the airway foreign body have not been previously reported. METHODS: The KID database was reviewed for 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012 for pediatric patients with a discharge diagnosis of airway foreign body using ICD-9 codes (933.1, 934.x). RESULTS: 11,793 patients, ages 0-17, were found to have an airway FB...
October 13, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Rashmi B Prasad, Leif Groop
RNA sequencing of human pancreatic islets has provided important insights into the islet transcriptome but little information on the specific cells. In this issue, Segerstolpe et al. (2016) and Xin et al. (2016b) report on the transcriptome of single pancreatic cells from non-diabetic and type 2 diabetic donors.
October 11, 2016: Cell Metabolism
Hasan Basarir, Alan Brennan, Richard Jacques, Daniel Pollard, Katherine Stevens, Jennifer Freeman, Jerry Wales, Katherine Price
OBJECTIVES: Kids in Control OF Food (KICk-OFF) is a 5-day structured education program for 11- to 16-year-olds with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) who are using multiple daily insulin injections. This study evaluates the cost-effectiveness of the KICk-OFF education program compared with the usual care using data from the KICk-OFF trial. METHODS: The short-term within-trial analysis covers the 2-year postintervention period. Data on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), severe hypoglycemia, and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) were collected over a 2-year follow-up period...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Elegast Monbaliu, Paul De Cock, Lisa Mailleux, Bernard Dan, Hilde Feys
AIM: To relate dystonia and choreoathetosis with activity, participation and quality of life (QOL) in children and youth with dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy (CP). METHODS: Fifty-four participants with dyskinetic CP (mean age 14y6m, SD 4y2m, range 6-22y) were included. The Dyskinesia Impairment Scale (DIS) was used to evaluate dystonia and choreoathetosis. Activity, participation and quality of life (QOL) were assessed with the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM), the Functional Mobility Scale (FMS), the Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test (JTT), the ABILHAND-Kids Questionnaire (ABIL-K), the Life Habits Kids (LIFE-H) and the Quality of Life Questionnaire for children with CP (CP-QOL)...
September 23, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
H Zhang, P F Jin, L L Niu, L Li, L J Wang, Y Chen, G J Zhang, H P Zhang, T Zhong
DIO3 gene encoding type 3 iodothyronine deiodinase is an imprinted gene, located in the DLK1-DIO3 (delta-like 1 homolog-type 3 iodothyronine deiodinase) imprinted domain, and is potentially involved in degrading excessive amounts of thyroid hormone to protect embryogenesis. However, the underlying regulatory mechanism of the imprinted DIO3 gene expression during fetal and neonatal development in goats has not been elucidated. In this study, we explored the DNA methylation patterns of the caprine DIO3 intragenic CpG island and quantified gene expression level in six tissues from Chinese Nanjiang Yellow 3-day old kids...
September 2, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
D Postema, A J B M Maas
Before the introduction of the Dutch Human Fertilisation (Donor Information) Act (in Dutch: Wet Donorgegevens Kunstmatige Bevruchting) in 2004, approximately 40,000 donor-conceived offspring were born in the Netherlands. The majority is conceived by means of artificial insemination with anonymous donor sperm (in Dutch: kunstmatige inseminatie met anoniem donorzaad - KID). This means that they have little or no access to information about their genetic origins. Through the Fiom KID-DNA Databank, established in 2010 in association with the Canisius Wilhelmina Hospital, it is possible for these donor-conceived offspring and donors to search for one another...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Liron Bar-El, Yael Kalma, Mira Malcov, Tamar Schwartz, Shaul Raviv, Tania Cohen, Hadar Amir, Yoni Cohen, Adi Reches, Ami Amit, Dalit Ben-Yosef
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to explore the effect of blastomere biopsy for preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) on the embryos' dynamics, further cleavage, development, and implantation. METHODS: The study group included 366 embryos from all PGD treatments (September 2012 to June 2014) cultured in the EmbryoScope™ time-lapse monitoring system. The control group included all intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) embryos cultured in EmbryoScope™ until day 5 during the same time period (385 embryos)...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Susan Purchase, Jayne Cunningham, Monika Esser, Donald Skinner
The burden of paediatric HIV in South Africa is extremely high. Antiretrovirals (ARVs) are now widely accessible in the country and the clinical emphasis has shifted from initiation of treatment to retention in care. This study describes the cumulative virological failure rate amongst children on ARVs in a peri-urban clinic, and suggests ways in which clinics and partners could improve treatment outcomes. The study was conducted by the non-profit organisation HOPE Cape Town Association. A retrospective file audit determined the cumulative virological failure rate, that is, the sum of all children with a viral load >1000 copies/ml, children on monotherapy, children who had stopped treatment, children lost to follow-up (LTFU) and children who had died...
September 2016: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
Stephan M Feller, Marc Lewitzky
Non-protein coding RNAs in different flavors (miRNAs, piRNAs, snoRNAs, lncRNAs, SHOT-RNAs), exosomes, large oncosomes, exoDNA and now tumor-educated platelets (TEPs) have emerged as crucial signal transmitting, transporting and regulating devices of cells in the last two decades. They are also establishing themselves increasingly in the realm of tumor research. We are currently witnessing a mushrooming of candidate entities for diagnostic and prognostic cancer detection and characterization tests that could have a major impact on how this diverse group of diseases is initially spotted and subsequently treated in the near future...
September 27, 2016: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
Hélène Le Tallec, Véronique Tsimba, Mathilde Creusat, Christophe Charbonnier, Véronique Bernier François, Anne Marie Evain, Véronique Labadie, Virginia Jouan, Sonia Lallemand, Carole Rivière
OPINION/FEEDBACK/METHOD: Since 2012, we have admitted groups of 3 to 5 children with hemiplegia, aged from 7 to 18 years old, classified Manual ability classification system (MACS) 2 to 4. The children received 5 to 8 days of unilateral constraint (8hours per day) and 2 days of bimanual training. Each day they received 4hours of active rehabilitation based on repetition, shaping and goal oriented tasks. Child has previously determined a personal goal that will be validated at the challenge's ceremony with the awarding of diplomas...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Joshua Patras, Kristin Dagmar Martinsen, Solveig Holen, Anne Mari Sund, Frode Adolfsen, Lene-Mari Potulski Rasmussen, Simon-Peter Neumer
BACKGROUND: High levels of anxiety and depression are common psychological symptoms among children and adolescents. These symptoms affect young people in multiple life domains and are possible precursors of long-term psychological distress. Despite relatively high prevalence, few children with emotional problems are referred for clinical treatment, indicating the need for systematic prevention. The primary aim of this study is to evaluate an indicated preventive intervention, EMOTION Coping Kids Managing Anxiety and Depression (EMOTION), to reduce high levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms...
September 26, 2016: BMC Psychology
Carrie L Heike, Kelly N Evans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Corinna Reichl, Anne Heyer, Romuald Brunner, Peter Parzer, Julia Madeleine Völker, Franz Resch, Michael Kaess
BACKGROUND: Whereas childhood adversity (CA) and the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis have been suggested to play a major role in the etiology of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), no study has thus far investigated both its associations and interactions with adolescent NSSI. METHOD: We investigated CA (antipathy, neglect, physical, psychological, and sexual abuse) and indices of HPA axis activity (salivary and hair cortisol) in a clinical sample of 26 adolescents engaging in NSSI and 26 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (HC)...
September 16, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
T T F Huang, K Chinn, T Kosasa, H J Ahn, B Kessel
Time-lapse imaging offers new tools to study dynamic processes of development such as blastocyst formation and expansion. This study quantitatively describes expansion in human blastocysts from donated oocytes. Measurements of hourly interval rate of changes in the blastocoel cross-sectional area revealed oscillatory pulses having 2-4 h periodicities. Two types of oscillations were distinguished. An E-Type ('expansion') had positive peak and positive or slightly negative trough interval rate of change values, and these characterized most of the expansion period...
September 12, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Sandi K Lam, Rory R Mayer, Thomas G Luerssen, I Wen Pan
OBJECTIVES: To develop a cost model for hospitalization costs of surgery among children with Chiari malformation type 1 (CM-1) and to examine risk factors for increased costs. STUDY DESIGN: Data were extracted from the US National Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project 2009 Kids' Inpatient Database. The study cohort was comprised of patients aged 0-20 years who underwent CM-1 surgery. Patient charges were converted to costs by cost-to-charge ratios. Simple and multivariable generalized linear models were used to construct cost models and to determine factors associated with increased hospital costs of CM-1 surgery...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
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