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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458226/-outbreaks-of-scabies-in-schools-and-use-of-ivermectin
#1
Josef A I Weigl
BACKGROUND: At Pentecost 2017 outbreaks of scabies occurred in three schools in Ploen County. Several classes were supposed to go on an excursion or had returned from an excursion with symptomatic kids. METHODS: Rapid investigation, on site outbreak confirmation, home visits of the environment of the index cases, simultaneous mass treatment and post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) with Ivermectin according to the outbreak characteristics were applied. RESULTS: The index case of school A was ill since 5 months, but was misdiagnosed as eczema...
February 19, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458092/ramifications-of-the-children-s-surgery-verification-program-for-patients-and-hospitals
#2
Katherine J Baxter, Bonnie F Gale, Curtis D Travers, Kurt F Heiss, Mehul V Raval
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons in 2015 instituted the Children's Surgery Verification (CSV) program delineating requirements for hospitals providing pediatric surgical care. Our purpose was to examine possible effects of the CSV program by evaluating neonates undergoing high-risk operations. STUDY DESIGN: Using the Kid's Inpatient Database 2009, we identified infants undergoing surgery for five high risk neonatal conditions. We considered all children's hospitals and children's units Level I centers and considered all others Level II/III...
February 16, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455310/germans-learn-how-to-save-lives-a-nationwide-cpr-education-initiative
#3
Manuela Malsy, Richard Leberle, Bernhard Graf
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death is one of the most frequent causes of death in Germany and the third leading cause of death in the industrialized world. Yet, the percentage of people providing first aid in the case of sudden cardiac arrest in Germany is alarmingly low by international comparison. Training Germans or reminding them of the simple but effective steps of resuscitation, so that everybody can save a live in an emergency. METHODS: For the campaign 'Resuscitation Week', physicians and paramedics trained passers-by in cardiovascular resuscitation free of charge...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454002/biodiversity-the-new-kid-on-the-block
#4
EDITORIAL
Erika von Mutius
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451452/epidemiology-of-spinal-injury-in-childhood-and-adolescence-in-the-united-states-1997-2012
#5
Joseph Piatt, Nicholas Imperato
OBJECTIVE There has been no successful study of trends in population-based incidences of pediatric spinal injury in the United States. The goal of the current study was to develop robust data to correct this deficiency in contemporary trauma epidemiology. METHODS Discharges coded for spinal injury were extracted from the Kids' Inpatient Database for 1997, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012 for patients younger than 18 years. Childhood was defined as ages 0 through 14 years and adolescence as ages 15, 16, and 17 years...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449135/effects-of-before-school-physical-activity-on-obesity-prevention-and-wellness
#6
Rachel C Whooten, Meghan E Perkins, Monica W Gerber, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: The effects of Build Our Kids Success-a 12-week, 1-hour before-school physical activity program-on BMI and social-emotional wellness among kindergarten to eighth grade students was examined. STUDY DESIGN: This was a nonrandomized trial. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Participants were from 24 schools in Massachusetts; there were 707 children from kindergarten to eighth grade. INTERVENTION: Children registered for Build Our Kids Success in 2015-2016 participated in a 2 days/week or 3 days/week program...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433464/the-accuracy-of-parent-reported-height-and-weight-for-6-12%C3%A2-year-old-u-s-children
#7
Davene R Wright, Karen Glanz, Trina Colburn, Shannon M Robson, Brian E Saelens
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have examined correlations between BMI calculated using parent-reported and directly-measured child height and weight. The objective of this study was to validate correction factors for parent-reported child measurements. METHODS: Concordance between parent-reported and investigator measured child height, weight, and BMI (kg/m2) among participants in the Neighborhood Impact on Kids Study (n = 616) was examined using the Lin coefficient, where a value of ±1...
February 12, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431477/evaluation-of-give-kids-a-boost-a-school-based-program-to-increase-booster-seat-use-among-urban-children-in-economically-disadvantaged-areas
#8
Merissa A Yellman, Marissa A Rodriguez, Maria Isabel Colunga, Mary A McCoy, Shelli Stephens-Stidham, L Steven Brown, Gregory R Istre
Objective This study evaluated the effectiveness of a series of one-year, multi-faceted, school-based programs aimed at increasing booster seat use among urban children 4-7 years of age in economically-disadvantaged areas. Methods During four consecutive school years, 2011-2015, the Give Kids a Boost (GKB) program was implemented in a total of 8 schools with similar demographics in Dallas County. Observational surveys were conducted at project schools before project implementation (P0), 1-4 weeks after the completion of project implementation (P1), and 4-5 months later (P2)...
February 12, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431382/mite-impermeable-covers-decrease-hospital-visits-in-kids-with-asthma
#9
Henry C Barry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430743/primed-conversion-the-new-kid-on-the-block-for-photoconversion
#10
Periklis Pantazis, Manuel A Mohr
The discovery that green fluorescent protein from Aequorea Victoria (GFP) could be exogenously expressed in other organisms in 1994 revolutionized biological and biomedical research[1]. Ever since, the toolbox of fluorescent proteins (FPs) has constantly grown comprising many color variants covering the visible and near infrared spectrum (reviewed in [2]). Furthermore, photochromic proteins have been identified that can reversibly or irreversibly change their spectral properties upon light illumination (reviewed in [3,4])...
February 11, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429778/hydrocephalus-in-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-national-incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-in-124-444-hospitalized-patients
#11
Kavelin Rumalla, Vijay Letchuman, Kyle A Smith, Paul M Arnold
BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus is a life-threatening sequela of traumatic brain injury (TBI) with poorly defined epidemiology in children. Here, we report the national incidence, risk factors, and outcomes associated with post-traumatic hydrocephalus (PTH). METHODS: The Kids Inpatient Database (2003, 2006, 2009, 2012) was queried using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes to identify all patients (age 0 to 20) with TBI (850...
December 11, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420487/kid-co-authors-in-south-korea-spur-government-probe
#12
Mark Zastrow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415687/a-physical-activity-intervention-for-children-with-type-1-diabetes-steps-to-active-kids-with-diabetes-stak-d-a-feasibility-study
#13
Helen Quirk, Cris Glazebrook, Holly Blake
BACKGROUND: This study describes the development and feasibility evaluation of a physical activity intervention for children with type 1 diabetes called 'Steps to Active Kids with Diabetes' (STAK-D). It aims to explore the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention and study design. METHODS: Thirteen children aged 9-11 years and their parents were recruited from one paediatric diabetes clinic. A process evaluation was conducted alongside a two-arm randomised feasibility trial, including assessment of rate of recruitment, adherence, retention, data completion and burden, implementation fidelity and adverse events...
February 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414550/clinical-aspects-neuroimaging-and-electroencephalography-of-35-cases-of-hemiconvulsion-hemiplegia-syndrome
#14
Mohamed Albakaye, Halima Belaïdi, Fatiha Lahjouji, Leila Errguig, Callixte Kuate, Youssoufa Maiga, Seybou Hassane Diallo, Najib Kissani, Reda Ouazzani
INTRODUCTION: The hemiconvulsion-hemiplegia-epilepsy (HHE) syndrome is a rare consequence of febrile seizures during childhood. It is characterized by the presence of prolonged unilateral clonic seizures occurring during febrile illness in a child less than 4years of age. Then, a flaccid unilateral hemiplegia with variable duration occurs. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to describe the clinical, electroencephalogram (EEG), and neuroimaging treatment and outcome of series of cases of HHE syndrome followed for 10years in our clinical neurophysiology department of the specialty hospital of Rabat...
January 26, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413094/vaccine-preventable-hospitalizations-among-american-indian-alaska-native-children-using-the-2012-kid-s-inpatient-database
#15
Amanda J Nickel, Susan E Puumala, Anupam B Kharbanda
Our aim was to assess the odds of hospitalization for a vaccine-preventable, infectious disease (VP-ID) in American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) children compared to other racial and ethnic groups using the 2012 Kid's Inpatient Database (KID) The KID is a nationally representative sample, which allows for evaluation of VP-ID in a non-federal, non-Indian Health Service setting. In a cross-sectional analysis, we evaluated the association of race/ethnicity and a composite outcome of hospitalization due to vaccine-preventable infection using multivariate logistic regression...
February 8, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411674/is-this-kid-a-likely-experimenter-or-a-likely-persister-an-analysis-of-individual-level-and-family-level-risk-factors-predicting-multiple-offending-among-a-group-of-adjudicated-youth
#16
Hasan Buker, Ayhan Erbay
To implement effective diversion programs and determine for a well-suited intervention strategy, ascertaining who, among the adjudicated youth, is more likely to involve in multiple offending, rather than desisting after an initial delinquent behavior, is of great significance. The overall objective of this study, therefore, is to contribute to the existing knowledge on assessing the risks for multiple offending during juvenile adjudication processes. In this regard, this study examined the predicting powers of several individual-level and family-level risk factors on multiple offending during adolescence, based on a data set derived from court-ordered social examination reports (SERs) on 400 adjudicated youth in Turkey...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409473/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-a-clinical-sample-of-adolescents-the-role-of-comorbidities-and-gender
#17
Judit Balázs, Dóra Győri, Lili Olga Horváth, Gergely Mészáros, Dóra Szentiványi
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible association between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) with special focus on the role of comorbidities and gender in a clinical sample of adolescents with both a dimensional and a categorical approach to psychopathology. METHODS: Using a structured interview, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview Kid and a self-rated questionnaire, the Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory, the authors examined 202 inpatient adolescents (aged: 13-18 years) in the Vadaskert Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Hospital and Outpatient Clinic, Budapest, Hungary...
February 6, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402579/the-effect-of-spark-on-social-and-motor-skills-of-children-with-autism
#18
Mahboubeh Ghayour Najafabadi, Mahmood Sheikh, Rasoul Hemayattalab, Mehran Amir, Maryam Rezaii, Sina Hafizi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a selected group exercise known as Sports, Play and Active Recreation for Kids (SPARK) on the motor and behavioral skills of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using a quasi-experimental design with repeated measures. METHODS: Twenty-eight children with ASD (age range of 5e12 years) participated in this study. The participants were examined at baseline, pre-test, and post-test using Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP), Autism treatment evaluation checklist (ATEC), and Gilliam Autism Rating Scale-second edition (GARS-2)...
January 6, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401679/stepping-it-up-walking-behaviors-in-children-transitioning-from-5th-to-7th-grade
#19
Sharon E Taverno Ross, Morgan N Clennin, Marsha Dowda, Natalie Colabianchi, Russell R Pate
The purpose of this study was to (1) describe children's walking behaviors in 5th to 7th grade and change over time and (2) examine associations between walking behaviors and Walk Score®. Participants consisted of n = 586 students from the Transitions and Activity Changes in Kids (TRACK) Study. Children reported any walking behavior (e.g., exercise and transportation) over the past five days. Walk Score was calculated based on children's home address. Descriptive statistics summarized walking behaviors by gender and time, and repeated measure mixed models examined the relationship between walking behaviors and Walk Score...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401074/the-economic-burden-of-musculoskeletal-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#20
Scott B Rosenfeld, Katherine Schroeder, Sylvia I Watkins-Castillo
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal conditions are among the most common and costly conditions suffered by Americans. In 2011, there was an estimated $213 billion in annual cost of direct treatment for and lost wages due to musculoskeletal disease in the United States. Data on economic burden, however, comes mostly from the adult population, with significantly less information regarding the burden of these conditions in young patients available. The purpose of this report is to provide data on the economic burden of musculoskeletal diseases in children and adolescents in the United States...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
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