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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079740/venous-thromboembolism-among-pediatric-orthopedic-trauma-patients-a-database-analysis
#1
Daniel Guzman, Samir Sabharwal, Caixia Zhao, Sanjeev Sabharwal
Using the 2012 Kids Inpatient Database, we assessed records of pediatric patients (<21 years old) with fractures of the upper limb, lower limb, spine, pelvis, and multiple locations and calculated the overall prevalence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and associated potential risk factors. 387 (0.68%) of 57 183 patients with one or more fractures were diagnosed with VTE. Children sustaining fractures of the axial skeleton and those with multiple fractures had a higher prevalence of VTE than those with isolated extremity fractures...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075338/maternal-exposure-to-pyrethroid-insecticides-during-pregnancy-and-infant-development-at-18-months-of-age
#2
Aya Hisada, Jun Yoshinaga, Jie Zhang, Takahiko Kato, Hiroaki Shiraishi, Kazuhisa Shimodaira, Takashi Okai, Nagako Ariki, Yoko Komine, Miyako Shirakawa, Yumiko Noda, Nobumasa Kato
The possible association between maternal exposure to pyrethroid insecticides (PYRs) during pregnancy and infant development was explored. Levels of exposure to PYRs was assessed by metabolite (3-phenoybenzoic acid, 3-PBA) concentration in maternal spot urine sampled in the first trimester of index pregnancy, and infant development was assessed at 18 months of age using the Kinder Infants Development Scale (KIDS), which is based on a questionnaire to the caretaker. The relationship between KIDS score and maternal urinary 3-PBA levels was examined by a stepwise multiple regression analysis using biological attributes of the mother and infant, breast feeding, and nursing environment as covariates...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068864/reliability-and-sources-of-variation-of-the-abilhand-kids-questionnaire-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#3
Lex D de Jong, Annemiek van Meeteren, Cornelis H Emmelot, Nanne E Land, Pieter U Dijkstra
PURPOSE: To determine reliability of the ABILHAND-Kids, explore sources of variation associated with these measurement results, and generate repeatability coefficients. METHOD: A reliability study with a repeated measures design was performed in an ambulatory rehabilitation care department from a rehabilitation center, and a center for special education. A physician, an occupational therapist, and parents of 27 children with spastic cerebral palsy independently rated the children's manual capacity when performing 21 standardized tasks of the ABILHAND-Kids from video recordings twice with a three week time interval (27 first-, and 25 second video recordings available)...
January 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067181/pediatric-information-seeking-behaviour-information-needs-and-information-preferences-of-health-care-professionals-in-general-emergency-departments-results-from-the-translating-emergency-knowledge-for-kids-trekk-needs-assessment
#4
Shannon D Scott, Lauren Albrecht, Lisa M Given, Lisa Hartling, David W Johnson, Mona Jabbour, Terry P Klassen
: The majority of children requiring emergency care are treated in general emergency departments (EDs) with variable levels of pediatric care expertise. The goal of the Translating Emergency Knowledge for Kids (TREKK) initiative is to implement the latest research in pediatric emergency medicine in general EDs to reduce clinical variation. OBJECTIVES: To determine national pediatric information needs, seeking behaviours, and preferences of health care professionals working in general EDs...
January 9, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062845/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-exposure-to-caprine-arthritis-encephalitis-virus-in-southern-spain
#5
B Barrero Domínguez, I Luque, A Maldonado, B Huerta, M Sánchez, J Gomez Laguna, R Astorga
The aim of the present transversal descriptive study was to determine the exposure and risk factors associated with caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) in southern Spain. A total of 3,312 serum samples were collected from goat belonging to three different breeds coming from 48 flocks located in different geographic areas from southern Spain. In addition, health and productive parameters were surveyed during the visit to the herds. Serum samples were analysed by INgezim Maedi Screening (Ingenasa®) ELISA kit...
January 6, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058536/diversity-of-cryptosporidium-species-occurring-in-sheep-and-goat-breeds-reared-in-poland
#6
Agnieszka Kaupke, Mirosław M Michalski, Artur Rzeżutka
The aim of this study was molecular identification of Cryptosporidium species and assessment of their prevalence in different breeds of sheep and goat reared in Poland. In addition, the relationship between animal age, breed type, and the frequency of Cryptosporidium infections was determined. Fecal samples from 234 lambs and 105 goat kids aged up to 9 weeks, representing 24 breeds and their cross-breeds were collected from 71 small ruminant farms across Poland. The identification of Cryptosporidium species was performed at the 18 SSU ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and COWP loci followed by subtyping of C...
January 5, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056341/bringing-kids-into-the-scientific-review-process
#7
Sabine Kastner, Robert T Knight
Frontiers for Young Minds puts kids in charge of scientific publications by having them control the review process. This provides kids the ability to shape the way science is taught and to better understand the scientific method.
January 4, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054039/editorial-are-your-kids-caries-free
#8
Liran Levin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044047/parental-obesity-and-early-childhood-development
#9
Edwina H Yeung, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Akhgar Ghassabian, Yunlong Xie, Germaine Buck Louis
BACKGROUND: Previous studies identified associations between maternal obesity and childhood neurodevelopment, but few examined paternal obesity despite potentially distinct genetic/epigenetic effects related to developmental programming. METHODS: Upstate KIDS (2008-2010) recruited mothers from New York State (excluding New York City) at ∼4 months postpartum. Parents completed the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) when their children were 4, 8, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months of age corrected for gestation...
January 2, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041655/trends-in-outcomes-and-hospitalization-charges-of-infant-botulism-in-the-united-states-a-comparative-analysis-between-kids-inpatient-database-and-national-inpatient-sample
#10
Tamara Opila, Asha George, Mohammad El-Ghanem, Nizar Souayah
BACKGROUND: New therapeutic strategies, including immune globulin intravenous, have emerged in the past two decades for the management of botulism. However, impact on outcomes and hospitalization charges among infants (aged ≤1 year) with botulism in the United States is unknown. METHODS: We analyzed the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) and National Inpatient Sample (NIS) for in-hospital outcomes and charges for infant botulism cases from 1997 to 2009. Demographics, discharge status, mortality, length of stay, and hospitalization charges were reported from the two databases and compared...
October 20, 2016: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040695/kids-enter-the-match
#11
EDITORIAL
Gudrun Schleiermacher, Olivier Delattre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034346/u-s-estimates-of-pediatric-spinal-cord-injury-implications-for-clinical-care-and-research-planning
#12
Jaspreet Dhillon, Junxin Shi, Alyssa Janezic, Krista Wheeler, Huiyun Xiang, Julie C Leonard
The objective of this study was to provide accurate estimates and characterizations of children with spinal cord injuries (SCI) and for the subset that are appropriate for inclusion in clinical trials. We identified children <18 years with SCI International Classifications of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification Codes (ICD-9-CM codes) from the 2006, 2009, and 2012 Kids' Inpatient Database. We excluded those with late effects, transfers to other hospitals, unspecified injury levels, and hospital stays <48 hours...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033241/financial-resource-utilization-and-mortality-impacts-of-teaching-hospital-status-on-pediatric-patients-admitted-for-sepsis
#13
Benson S Hsu, Benjamin D Meyer, Saquib A Lakhani
BACKGROUND: With the changing healthcare landscape in the United States, teaching hospitals face increasing pressure to provide medical education as well as cost effective care. Our study investigated the financial, resource utilization, and mortality impact of teaching hospital status on pediatric patients admitted with sepsis. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, weighted statistical analysis of hospitalized children with the diagnosis of sepsis. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) 2009 Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) provided the data for analysis...
December 28, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031076/assessment-of-lifetime-performance-of-small-ruminants-under-different-feeding-systems
#14
T A Amole, M Zijlstra, K Descheemaeker, A A Ayantunde, A J Duncan
Evaluation of lifetime productivity of individual animals in response to various interventions allows assessment of long-term investment opportunities for farmers. In order to gain a better understanding of promising feed interventions for improvement of small ruminant production in Southwestern Nigeria, a dynamic modelling approach was used to explore the effect of different feeding strategies on the lifetime productivity of West African Dwarf (WAD) goats. Modifications were made to the current version of Livestock Simulator developed for cattle production to simulate goat production systems particularly for WAD goats...
December 29, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029557/period-for-normalization-of-voice-acoustic-parameters-in-indian-pediatric-cochlear-implantees
#15
Jeena V Joy, Shweta Deshpande, Dr Neelam Vaid
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the duration required by children with cochlear implants to approximate the norms of voice acoustic parameters. STUDY DESIGN: The study design is retrospective. METHODS: Thirty children with cochlear implants (chronological ages ranging between 4.1 and 6.7 years) were divided into three groups, based on the postimplantation duration. Ten normal-hearing children (chronological ages ranging between 4 and 7 years) were selected as the control group...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028836/does-physical-education-influence-eye-hand-coordination-the-lifestyles-of-our-kids-intervention-study
#16
L J Wicks, R M Telford, R B Cunningham, S J Semple, R D Telford
In Australian government-funded primary schools, the responsibility for physical education (PE) falls mainly on general classroom teachers, many of whom possess limited PE training. This study sought to examine the impact of specialist-taught PE on eye-hand coordination (EHC) development. In this 4-year cluster-randomized intervention, participants were 187 boys and 172 girls initially in grade 2 in 29 primary schools, where no school employed university-trained specialist PE teachers. In 13 (intervention) schools, specialist PE teachers conducted 268 PE classes (two 45-minute sessions/wk) from grade 2 to grade 6...
December 28, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027364/still-no-migraine-relief-for-kids
#17
Anita Slomski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024858/costs-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-pediatric-operations-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#18
Afif N Kulaylat, Dorothy V Rocourt, Abigail B Podany, Brett W Engbrecht, Marianne Twilley, Mary C Santos, Robert E Cilley, Christopher S Hollenbeak, Peter W Dillon
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this analysis was to assess the burden of Clostridium difficile infection in the hospitalized pediatric surgical population and to characterize its influence on the costs of care. METHODS: There were 313,664 patients age 1-18 years who underwent a general thoracic or abdominal procedure in the Kids' Inpatient Database during 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012. Logistic regression was used to model factors associated with the development of C difficile infection...
December 23, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018135/armed-kids-armed-adults-weapon-carrying-from-adolescence-to-adulthood
#19
Lacey N Wallace
While much existing research has examined either juvenile or adult weapon carrying, this study assesses whether carrying a weapon to school as a juvenile is predictive of bringing a handgun to school or work in adulthood. Data are drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Results show a decline in weapon carrying behavior over time. However, youth who report school weapon carrying in adolescence are much more likely to report carrying a handgun to school or work in adulthood. Findings also demonstrate that victimization, rather than offending behavior, is predictive of adulthood handgun carrying at school and work...
January 2017: Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017317/a-validation-study-of-the-automated-self-administered-24-hour-dietary-recall-for%C3%A2-children-2014-version-at-school-lunch
#20
Caroline F Krehbiel, George J DuPaul, Jessica A Hoffman
BACKGROUND: Obtaining valid and reliable estimates of usual dietary intake at a reasonable cost is a challenge in school-based nutrition research. The Automated Self-Administered 24-Hour Dietary Recall for Children, 2014 version (ASA24 Kids-2014), a self-administered, computerized 24-hour dietary recall, offers improved feasibility over traditional interviewer-administered 24-hour recalls. OBJECTIVE: This mixed-methods study examined ASA24 Kids-2014's validity for measuring dietary intake from National School Lunch Program lunches...
December 21, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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