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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048569/impulse-control-in-negative-mood-states-emotional-eating-and-food-addiction-are-associated-with-lower-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity
#1
Meredith H Rose, Evan P Nadler, Eleanor R Mackey
Objectives: Quality of life (QoL) is an important outcome to evaluate in adolescents with severe obesity, yet intrapersonal predictors of QoL are understudied. The current study assessed whether difficulty with impulse control when experiencing a negative mood (negative urgency) is associated with poorer QoL, mediated by more emotional eating and food addiction. Method: Participants consisted of 69 primarily female (71%), minority (76%) adolescents aged 13-21 (M age = 16...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039298/application-of-bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-in-prediction-of-light-kid-carcass-and-muscle-chemical-composition
#2
S R Silva, J Afonso, A Monteiro, R Morais, A Cabo, A C Batista, C M Guedes, A Teixeira
Carcass data were collected from 24 kids (average live weight of 12.5±5.5 kg; range 4.5 to 22.4 kg) of Jarmelista Portuguese native breed, to evaluate bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) as a technique for prediction of light kid carcass and muscle chemical composition. Resistance (Rs, Ω) and reactance (Xc, Ω), were measured in the cold carcasses with a single frequency bioelectrical impedance analyzer and, together with impedance (Z, Ω), two electrical volume measurements (VolA and VolB, cm2/Ω), carcass cold weight (CCW), carcass compactness and several carcass linear measurements were fitted as independent variables to predict carcass composition by stepwise regression analysis...
October 17, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039261/one-year-follow-up-of-the-capo-kids-trial-are-physical-benefits-maintained
#3
Rossana C Nogueira, Benjamin K Weeks, Belinda Beck
PURPOSE: To determine the 12-month maintenance of a 9-month, thrice-weekly, 10-minute high-intensity exercise program, delivered in schools, on bone and other health-related performance variables in prepubertal children. METHODS: All participants (N = 311) of the CAPO kids trial (testing times T1-T2) were contacted to undergo retesting (T3) of all original measures-including weight, standing and sitting height, calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (Achilles, GE), and stiffness index (Achilles, GE)-waist circumference, resting heart rate, blood pressure, vertical jump, and aerobic capacity...
October 17, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030158/surgical-treatment-of-adolescent-breast-disorders-institutional-experience-and-national-trends
#4
Brittany L Murphy, Amy Glasgow, Dan S Ubl, Elizabeth B Habermann, Valerie Lemaine
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Adolescent breast disorders are rare and typically benign in nature; however, surgical treatments may require multiple operations. Due to the limited existing data, we sought to evaluate national trends and describe our institutional experience to help guide patient conversations. DESIGN: Retrospective review SETTING: National database and academic institution PARTICIPANTS: Patients ≤20 years old who underwent a breast procedure in the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) 1/2000-12/2012 and at Mayo Clinic-Rochester 1/2000-7/2016...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023835/school-based-health-centers-and-adolescent-substance-use-moderating-effects-of-race-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status
#5
Melina Bersamin, Mallie J Paschall, Deborah A Fisher
BACKGROUND: School-based health centers (SBHCs) have been associated with many positive health and academic outcomes. The current study extends previous research and examines possible differences in the association between SBHC exposure and adolescent alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use by race/ethnicity, sex, and socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: California Healthy Kids Survey data from 504 traditional high schools in California were linked with publicly available data on SBHCs and school demographics...
November 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023833/high-school-students-recommendations-to-improve-school-food-environments-insights-from-a-critical-stakeholder-group
#6
Yuka Asada, Alejandro G Hughes, Margaret Read, Marlene B Schwartz, Jamie F Chriqui
BACKGROUND: The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA) directed the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) to revise school meal standards. Students are most affected by efforts to improve the school food environment; yet, few studies directly include students. This study examined high school students' experiences of school meal reform to gain insight into implementation recommendations. METHODS: We conducted 5 focus groups with high school students (N = 15) from high schools across 9 states...
November 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023238/severe-phenotype-of-keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness-syndrome-with-presumed-ocular-surface-squamous-neoplasia
#7
Ana Silvia Serrano-Ahumada, Vianney Cortes-González, Luz María González-Huerta, Sergio Cuevas, Luis Aguilar-Lozano, Cristina Villanueva-Mendoza
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe a case of severe keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness (KID) syndrome with ocular surface squamous neoplasia. METHODS: The affected patient underwent complete ocular and systemic examinations. The molecular studies included polymerase chain reaction amplification and automated DNA sequencing of the complete gap junction beta-2 (GJB2) gene coding sequence. RESULTS: A 30-year-old man presented with generalized erythro-hyperkeratosis and deafness and complaints of decreased visual acuity, tearing, and photophobia...
October 10, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020734/hey-kids-tobacco-can-wait
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: State Legislatures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019054/the-happiest-kids-on-earth-gender-equality-and-adolescent-life-satisfaction-in-europe-and-north-america
#9
M E de Looze, T Huijts, G W J M Stevens, T Torsheim, W A M Vollebergh
Cross-national differences in adolescent life satisfaction in Europe and North America are consistent, but remain poorly understood. While previous studies have predominantly focused on the explanatory role of economic factors, such as national wealth and income equality, they revealed weak associations, at most. This study examines whether societal gender equality can explain the observed cross-national variability in adolescent life satisfaction. Based on the assumption that gender equality fosters a supportive social context, for example within families through a more equal involvement of fathers and mothers in child care tasks, adolescent life satisfaction was expected to be higher in more gender-equal countries...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018400/including-a-lower-extremity-component-during-hand-arm-bimanual-intensive-training-does-not-attenuate-improvements-of-the-upper-extremities-a-retrospective-study-of-randomized-trials
#10
Geoffroy Saussez, Marina B Brandão, Andrew M Gordon, Yannick Bleyenheuft
Hand-Arm Bimanual Intensive Therapy (HABIT) promotes hand function using intensive practice of bimanual functional and play tasks. This intervention has shown to be efficacious to improve upper-extremity (UE) function in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP). In addition to UE function deficits, lower-extremity (LE) function and UE-LE coordination are also impaired in children with USCP. Recently, a new intervention has been introduced in which the LE is simultaneously engaged during HABIT (Hand-Arm Bimanual Intensive Therapy Including Lower Extremities; HABIT-ILE)...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018324/design-and-characterization-of-a-human-monoclonal-antibody-that-modulates-mutant-connexin-26-hemichannels-implicated-in-deafness-and-skin-disorders
#11
Liang Xu, Andrea Carrer, Francesco Zonta, Zhihu Qu, Peixiang Ma, Sheng Li, Federico Ceriani, Damiano Buratto, Giulia Crispino, Veronica Zorzi, Gaia Ziraldo, Francesca Bruno, Chiara Nardin, Chiara Peres, Flavia Mazzarda, Anna M Salvatore, Marcello Raspa, Ferdinando Scavizzi, Youjun Chu, Sichun Xie, Xuemei Yang, Jun Liao, Xiao Liu, Wei Wang, Shanshan Wang, Guang Yang, Richard A Lerner, Fabio Mammano
Background: Mutations leading to changes in properties, regulation, or expression of connexin-made channels have been implicated in 28 distinct human hereditary diseases. Eight of these result from variants of connexin 26 (Cx26), a protein critically involved in cell-cell signaling in the inner ear and skin. Lack of non-toxic drugs with defined mechanisms of action poses a serious obstacle to therapeutic interventions for diseases caused by mutant connexins. In particular, molecules that specifically modulate connexin hemichannel function without affecting gap junction channels are considered of primary importance for the study of connexin hemichannel role in physiological as well as pathological conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016691/generation-of-beta-lactoglobulin-knock-out-goats-using-crispr-cas9
#12
Wenjun Zhou, Yongjie Wan, Rihong Guo, Mingtian Deng, Kaiping Deng, Zhen Wang, Yanli Zhang, Feng Wang
Goat's milk, considered a substitute for cow's milk, has a high nutritional value. However, goat's milk contains various allergens, predominantly β-lactoglobulin (BLG). In this study, we employed the CRISPR/Cas9 system to target the BLG locus in goat fibroblasts for sgRNA optimization and generate BLG knock-out goats through co-injection of Cas9 mRNA and small guide RNAs (sgRNAs) into goat embryos at the one-cell stage. We firstly tested sgRNA editing efficiencies in goat fibroblast cells, and approximately 8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016431/incidence-of-congenital-spinal-abnormalities-among-pediatric-patients-and-their-association-with-scoliosis-and-systemic-anomalies
#13
Peter G Passias, Gregory W Poorman, Cyrus M Jalai, Bassel G Diebo, Shaleen Vira, Samantha R Horn, Joseph F Baker, Kartik Shenoy, Saqib Hasan, John Buza, Wesley Bronson, Justin C Paul, Ian Kaye, Norah A Foster, Ryan T Cassilly, Jonathan H Oren, Ronald Moskovich, Breton Line, Cheongeun Oh, Shay Bess, Virginie LaFage, Thomas J Errico
BACKGROUND: Congenital abnormalities when present, according to VACTERL theory, occur nonrandomly with other congenital anomalies. This study estimates the prevalence of congenital spinal anomalies, and their concurrence with other systemic anomalies. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis on Health care Cost and Utilization Project's Kids Inpatient Database (KID), years 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009 was performed. ICD-9 coding identified congenital anomalies of the spine and other body systems...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016426/the-epidemiology-of-brachial-plexus-birth-palsy-in-the-united-states-declining-incidence-and-evolving-risk-factors
#14
Christopher J DeFrancesco, Divya K Shah, Benjamin H Rogers, Apurva S Shah
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of brachial plexus birth palsy (BPBP) in the United States may be changing over time due to population-level changes in obstetric care. METHODS: The Kids' Inpatient Database from 1997 to 2012 was analyzed. Annual estimates of BPBP incidence and disease determinant distribution were calculated for the general population and the study population with BPBP. Long-term trends were analyzed. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to quantify the risk associated with each determinant...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993476/contribution-of-dietary-intake-to-relapse-rate-in-early-paediatric-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Saeedeh Azary, Teri Schreiner, Jennifer Graves, Amy Waldman, Anita Belman, Bianca Weinstock Guttman, Gregory Aaen, Jan-Mendelt Tillema, Soe Mar, Janace Hart, Jayne Ness, Yolanda Harris, Lauren Krupp, Mark Gorman, Leslie Benson, Moses Rodriguez, Tanuja Chitnis, John Rose, Lisa F Barcellos, Tim Lotze, Suzan L Carmichael, Shelly Roalstad, Charles T Casper, Emmanuelle Waubant
OBJECTIVE: The role of diet in multiple sclerosis (MS) course remains largely unknown. Children with MS have a higher relapse rate compared with MS in adults. Thus, studying the effect of diet on relapse rate in this age group is likely to provide more robust answers. METHODS: This is a multicentre study done at 11 paediatric MS centres in the USA. Patients with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) or clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) with disease onset before 18 years of age and duration of less than 4 years were included in this study...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992540/kids-in-space-measuring-children-s-residential-neighborhoods-and-other-destinations-using-activity-space-gps-and-wearable-camera-data
#16
T Chambers, A L Pearson, I Kawachi, Z Rzotkiewicz, J Stanley, M Smith, M Barr, C Ni Mhurchu, L Signal
INTRODUCTION: Defining the boundary of children's 'neighborhoods' has important implications for understanding the contextual influences on child health. Additionally, insight into activities that occur outside people's neighborhoods may indicate exposures that place-based studies cannot detect. This study aimed to 1) extend current neighborhood research, using data from wearable cameras and GPS devices that were worn over several days in an urban setting; 2) define the boundary of children's neighborhoods by using leisure time activity space data; and 3) determine the destinations visited by children in their leisure time, outside their neighborhoods...
September 28, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988000/development-and-assessment-of-stressful-life-events-subscales-a-preliminary-analysis
#17
Teresa Buccheri, Salma Musaad, Kelly K Bost, Barbara H Fiese
BACKGROUND: Stress affects people of all ages, genders, and cultures and is associated with physical and psychological complications. Stressful life events are an important research focus and a psychometrically valid measure could provide useful clinical information. The purpose of the study was to develop a reliable and valid measurement of stressful life events and to assess its reliability and validity using established measures of social support, stress, depression, anxiety and maternal and child health...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985839/peritoneal-drainage-is-associated-with-higher-survival-rates-for-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-premature-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#18
Jun Tashiro, Amy E Wagenaar, Eduardo A Perez, Juan E Sola
BACKGROUND: To evaluate peritoneal drainage (PD) and laparotomy ± resection/ostomy (LAP) as initial approaches to the surgical management of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in premature, extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. METHODS: Kids' Inpatient Database (2003-2012) was searched for cases of NEC (International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision, Clinical Modification [ICD-9-CM] 777.5x) in premature (<37 weeks), extremely low birth weight (<1000 g) infants...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981923/-mutation-analysis-for-a-pedigree-affected-with-keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness-syndrome
#19
Lulu Li, Yuan Li, Wei Lin, Xiuli Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To identify mutation of GJB2 gene and provide genetic counseling for a family affected with keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness (KID) syndrome. METHODS: Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples with a standard phenol-chloroform method. PCR and Sanger sequencing were used to analyze potential mutation in the proband. Suspected mutation was verified with a PCR-high-resolution melting (PCR-HRM) method. T-clone sequencing was applied to determine the parental origin of the mutation...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973290/spinal-fusion-for-pediatric-spondylolisthesis-national-trends-complications-and-short-term-outcomes
#20
Kavelin Rumalla, Chester K Yarbrough, Andrew J Pugely, Ian G Dorward
BACKGROUND: Current surgical management guidelines for pediatric spondylolisthesis (PS) are reliant on data from single-center cohorts. OBJECTIVE: To analyze national trends and predictors of short-term outcomes in spinal fusion surgery for PS by performing a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID). METHODS: The KID (sampled every 3 yr) was queried from 2003 to 2012 to identify all cases (age 5-17) of spinal fusion for PS (n = 2646)...
July 7, 2017: Neurosurgery
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