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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334301/navigating-social-distance-in-foundational-clinical-encounters-understanding-medical-students-early-experiences-with-diverse-patients
#1
Miesha Roberts-MacDonald, Saleem Razack
BACKGROUND: Social distance between patients and physicians has been shown to affect the quality of care that patients receive. Little is known about how social distance between students and patients is experienced by learners during early clinical exposures in medical school. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore students' stories of experiencing social distance with patients with concordant and discordant social characteristics as themselves, respectively, as well as students' needs from medical curricula regarding developing social competence...
January 15, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333700/understanding-australian-medical-student-attitudes-towards-older-people
#2
REVIEW
Mark Ag Wilson, Susan E Kurrle, Ian Wilson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to review the literature around Australian medical student attitudes towards older people. METHODS: An Ovid cross-search and SCOPUS search were performed using keywords such as 'Attitude', 'Medical Student' and 'Aged or Older or Elderly'. RESULTS: Several recent studies have investigated the attitudes of Australian medical students towards older people. Baseline attitudes at two medical schools were positive...
January 14, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330977/effectiveness-of-horizontal-peer-assisted-learning-in-physical-examination-performance
#3
Inamullah Shah, Usman Mahboob, Sajida Shah
BACKGROUND: All students cannot be individually trained in physical examination skills due to faculty and time limitations. Peer-assisted learning (PAL) can solve this dilemma if it is used in undergraduate curriculum. Empirical effectiveness of horizontal peer-assisted learning model has not been reported previously. The objective of this study was to compare horizontal peer-assisted learning (PAL) with expert-assisted learning (EAL) in teaching of physical examination skills. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled study (Solomon four group design) carried out at a medical school...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325913/efficacy-of-a-web-based-oral-case-presentation-instruction-module-a-multi-center-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Colin M Sox, Rebecca Tenney-Soeiro, Linda O Lewin, Jeanine Ronan, Mary Brown, Marta King, Rachel Thompson, Michelle Noelck, Jamie S Sutherell, Michael Silverstein, Howard J Cabral, Michael Dell
OBJECTIVE: Effective self-directed educational tools are invaluable. Our objective was to determine whether a self-directed, web-based oral case presentation module would 1) improve medical students' oral case presentations compared to usual curriculum 2) with similar efficacy as structured oral presentation faculty feedback sessions. METHODS: We conducted a pragmatic multi-center cluster randomized controlled trial among medical students rotating in pediatric clerkships at seven U...
January 8, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319058/barriers-to-implementing-a-health-policy-curriculum-in-medical-schools
#5
COMMENT
Raihan Mohammed, Jamil Shah Foridi, Innocent Ogunmwonyi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318348/-medicine-in-the-digital-age-telemedicine-in-medical-school-education
#6
REVIEW
S Kuhn, F Jungmann
BACKGROUND: The increasing digitization of our lives and work has also reached medicine and is changing the profession of medical doctors. The modern forms of communication and cooperation in everyday medical practice demand new skills and qualifications. GOALS: To enable future doctors to comply with this digitally competent profile, an innovative blended learning curriculum was developed and first implemented at the University Medical Center Mainz in summer semester 2017-Medicine in the Digital Age...
January 9, 2018: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309317/academic-anesthesiology-career-development-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-the-role-of-foundation-for-anesthesiology-education-and-research-funding
#7
Rebecca M Speck, Denham S Ward, Lee A Fleisher
BACKGROUND: In 1986, the American Society of Anesthesiologists created the Foundation for Anesthesiology Education and Research (FAER) to fund young anesthesiology investigators toward the goal of helping launch their academic careers. Determining the impact of the FAER grant program has been of importance. METHODS: This mixed-methods study included quantitative data collection through a Research Electronic Data Capture survey and curriculum vitae (CV) submission and qualitative interviews...
January 5, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309090/effect-of-ultrasonography-on-student-learning-of-shoulder-anatomy-and-landmarks
#8
Kristen D de Vries, Rebecca Brown, Joseph Mazzie, Min-Kyung Jung, Sheldon C Yao, Michael J Terzella
Context: Ultrasonography is becoming more common in clinical use, and it has been shown to have promising results when introduced into medical school curricula. Objective: To determine whether the use of ultrasonography as an educational supplement can improve osteopathic medical students' confidence and ability to locate 4 specific shoulder anatomical landmarks: the coracoid process, the transverse process of T1, the long head of the biceps within the bicipital groove, and the supraspinatus tendon...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306586/communication-skills-teaching-in-brazilian-medical-schools-what-lessons-can-be-learned
#9
Rafaela Liberali, Dennis Novack, Pamela Duke, Suely Grosseman
OBJECTIVE: To assess current practices in communication skills (CS) teaching in Brazilian medical schools (MS), looking for similarities and differences with other countries. METHODS: This study was performed with 162 out of the 237 accredited Brazilian MS (68.35%). The quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and qualitative data using content analysis. RESULTS: 104 MS (64.2%) reported formal CS training. CS were more commonly taught in the pre-clinical years, by physicians and psychologists...
December 28, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305517/allergy-teaching-is-suboptimal-and-heterogeneous-in-the-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-in-the-uk
#10
Emily Frances Reid, Mamidupudi Thirumala Krishna, Claire Bethune
AIM: To record the level of allergy teaching occurring in UK medical schools. The UK has experienced an 'allergy epidemic' during the last 3-4 decades. Previous government reviews have emphasised the importance of allergy education and training, treating common allergies in primary care with referral pathways to a specialist and the creation of regional networks. It is acknowledged that the delivery of allergy teaching in UK medical schools is variable, despite the well-recognised need...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290893/ultrasound-curriculum-taught-by-first-year-medical-students-a-four-year-experience-in-tanzania
#11
Sean P Denny, William B Minteer, Reece T H Fenning, Sahil Aggarwal, Debora H Lee, Shella K Raja, Kaavya R Raman, Allison O Farfel, Priya A Patel, MarkLieber, Megan E Bernstein, Shadi Lahham, John C Fox
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic imaging is an integral aspect of care that is often insufficient, if not altogether absent, in rural and remote regions of low to middle income countries (LMICs) such as Tanzania. The introduction of ultrasound can significantly impact treatment in these countries due to its portability, low cost, safety, and usefulness in various medical assessments. This study reviews the implementation of a four-week ultrasound course administered annually from 2013-2016 in a healthcare professional school in Mwanza, Tanzania by first-year allopathic US medical students...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278621/integration-of-educational-and-research-activities-of-medical-students-experience-of-the-medical-faculty-of-saint-petersburg-state-university
#12
Aleksei V Balakhonov, Leonid P Churilov, Mikhail V Erman, Aleksandr N Shishkin, Lyudmila A Slepykh, Yuri I Stroev, Vladimir J Utekhin, Natalia Y Basantsova
The article is devoted to the role of research activity of the medical students in higher education of physicians. The teaching of physicians in classical universities and specialized medical schools is compared. The history of physicians' training in Russia in imperial, Soviet and post-Soviet periods is reviewed and compared to development of higher medical education in other countries. Article gives the the description of all failed attempts to establish a Medical Faculty within oldest classical university of Russia, crowned by history of last and successful attempt of its establishment...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276425/application-of-active-learning-modalities-to-achieve-medical-genetics-competencies-and-their-learning-outcome-assessments
#13
REVIEW
Nobuko Hagiwara
The steadily falling costs of genome sequencing, coupled with the growing number of genetic tests with proven clinical validity, have made the use of genetic testing more common in clinical practice. This development has necessitated nongeneticist physicians, especially primary care physicians, to become more responsible for assessing genetic risks for their patients. Providing undergraduate medical students a solid foundation in genomic medicine, therefore, has become all the more important to ensure the readiness of future physicians in applying genomic medicine to their patient care...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261539/the-aspire-to-excellence-program-a-global-effort-to-improve-the-quality-of-medical-education
#14
Dan Hunt, Debra Klamen, Ronald M Harden, Farzand Ali
Publications and organizations ranking medical schools rely heavily on schools' research-oriented and grant-success data because those are the publicly available data. To address the vacuum of evidence for medical education quality, in 2012 the Association of Education in Europe (AMEE) introduced an initiative entitled A Schools Programme for International Recognition of Excellence in Education (ASPIRE) awards. ASPIRE panels of international experts in specific areas of medical education have developed internationally peer-based criteria to benchmark excellence in social accountability, student engagement, student assessment, faculty development, and simulation; they plan to publish criteria on curriculum design and development in 2018...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261538/the-current-use-of-united-states-medical-licensing-examination-step-1-scores-holistic-admissions-and-student-well-being-are-in-the-balance
#15
Kevin F Moynahan
United States Medical Licensing Examination Step 1 scores increasingly are being used by graduate medical education programs to "screen out" applicants to invite for an interview; medical students with scores below a certain (usually unpublished) point are not considered for an interview. Conversely, many students are extended an interview invitation based solely on their Step 1 scores, prior to the release of their Medical Student Performance Evaluation. In this Invited Commentary, the author discusses why this practice has gained popularity as well as the unintended effects it has had in multiple domains--holistic undergraduate medical education admissions practices, student well-being, and medical school curricula...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251834/impact-and-educational-outcomes-of-a-small-group-self-directed-teaching-strategy-in-a-clinical-neuroscience-curriculum
#16
Thomas I Nathaniel, Jordan C Gainey, Jessica A Williams, Bianca L Stewart, Michael C Hood, Leanne E Brechtel, Rakiya V Faulkner, Jasmine S Pendergrass, Leigh-Ann Black, Scott K Griffin, Christopher E Troup, Jayne S Reuben, Asa C Black
The complexity of the material being taught in clinical neuroscience within the medical school curriculum requires creative pedagogies to teach medical students effectively. Many clinical teaching strategies have been developed and are well described to address these challenges. However, only a few have been evaluated to determine their impact on the performance of students studying clinical neuroscience. Interactive, 2-hour, self-directed small-group interactive clinical case-based learning sessions were conducted weekly for 4 weeks to integrate concepts learned in the corresponding didactic lectures...
December 18, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246258/palliative-care-and-the-arts-vehicles-to-introduce-medical-students-to-patient-centred-decision-making-and-the-art-of-caring
#17
Carlos Centeno, Carole Robinson, Antonio Noguera-Tejedor, María Arantzamendi, Fernando Echarri, José Pereira
BACKGROUND: Medical Schools are challenged to improve palliative care education and to find ways to introduce and nurture attitudes and behaviours such as empathy, patient-centred care and wholistic care. This paper describes the curriculum and evaluation results of a unique course centred on palliative care decision-making but aimed at introducing these other important competencies as well. METHODS: The 20 h-long optional course, presented in an art museum, combined different learning methods, including reflections on art, case studies, didactic sessions, personal experiences of faculty, reflective trigger videos and group discussions...
December 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240454/a-comparison-of-the-expectations-and-experiences-of-medical-students-from-high-middle-and-low-income-countries-participating-in-global-health-clinical-electives
#18
Michael J Peluso, Adam Rodman, Douglas A Mata, Anne T Kellett, Susan van Schalkwyk, Robert M Rohrbaugh
Phenomenon: Global health education (GHE) is expanding to include socioculturally and resource-different settings, with the goal of developing a workforce with members who can promote health equity locally and globally. GHE is also no longer limited to students from high-income countries (HICs). However, it is unknown whether the motivations and experiences of medical students from HICs and from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) participating in GHE clinical electives through institutional partnerships are similar or different...
December 14, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239084/identification-of-influence-factors-for-the-implementation-of-communication-curricula-in-dental-education
#19
S Rüttermann, C Kiessling, R Haak, S Gerhardt-Szep, A Härtl
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to reveal possible obstacles or advantages for the implementation of a dental communication curriculum. It was questioned whether (i) universities with a communication curriculum in medicine realise the same development in dentistry, (ii) the existence and usage of a learning objectives catalogue is a main factor to facilitate the implementation, and (iii) it is more easy to establish with a lower number of students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data of two recently published surveys were taken as the basis for further analysis...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236658/how-using-generative-learning-strategies-improved-medical-student-self-competency-in-end-of-life-care
#20
Sandra Marquez Hall, Janet Lieto, Roy Martin
During a mandatory fourth-year core geriatric medicine rotation at our medical school, we discovered that our medical students were struggling with end-of-life (EOL) issues both personally and professionally. We implemented curriculum changes to assist them in developing emotional awareness about death and dying, and to help develop their ability to respond personally and professionally to patients and their families during EOL experiences.In our new curriculum, a seasoned ethicist at our university conducts 2 educational sessions addressing EOL issues...
2017: Permanente Journal
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