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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103391/bedside-to-bench-re-thinking-nursing-research
#1
EDITORIAL
Seamus Cowman
There is very little clarity or agreement in the nursing profession on the best way to teach and examine students on research understanding, let alone develop and appraise nursing research application to patient care. Nursing research, in the curriculum, is a patchwork of interpretation, and in application it is delivered with varied levels of complexity across schools of Nursing and Midwifery, often with disregard to distinguishing undergraduate from postgraduate research teaching. This is not uncommon in health professions education, as this lack of clarity on teaching research also extends to medical schools...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099177/medical-students-perspectives-on-implementing-curriculum-change-at-one-institution
#2
Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Courtney E Baker, Kimberly D Lomis
Training physicians to be effective practitioners throughout their careers begins in undergraduate medical education with particular focus on self-directed inquiry, professional and interprofessional development, and competency-based assessment. A select number of medical schools are restructuring their curricula by placing the student at the center of content delivery to enhance the learning experience. While this restructuring may benefit the adult learner, administrators often make assumptions about how students will perceive and respond to such innovative and unfamiliar educational concepts...
January 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098081/is-tobacco-use-increasing-among-medical-students-of-bengaluru-city-india-evidence-from-two-cross-sectional-studies
#3
Prem K Mony
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating secular changes in tobacco use are rare in India. We estimated self-reported prevalence of tobacco use, across a 5-year interval, among medical students in Bengaluru, India. METHODS: We did two cross-sectional studies during 2007 and 2013 among third year undergraduate medical students of four medical colleges in Bengaluru. A self-administered questionnaire was used to elicit information on tobacco smoking and chewing. RESULTS: The participation rates were 82% (323/395) in 2007 and 78% (253/324) in 2013 (p=0...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097675/the-swamplands-of-reflection-using-conversation-analysis-to-reveal-the-architecture-of-group-reflection-sessions
#4
Mario Veen, Anne de la Croix
CONTEXT: Many medical schools include group reflection in their curriculum, and many researchers have considered both the concept and the outcomes of reflection. However, no research has been carried out on how 'reflective talk' is structured in the classroom. This paper describes how tutors and residents organise group reflection sessions in situ by describing an example of group reflection in medical education. Our aim is to provide an evidence base that can be used by medical educators to think about the way reflection should be included in their curriculum...
January 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089802/incorporating-formal-nutrition-education-into-a-medical-school-curriculum-a-student-initiated-lecture-series
#5
EDITORIAL
Vanessa Baute, Amelia D Carr, Jacob N Blackwell, Elizabeth R Carstensen, Poorvi Chhabra, Michael S Cartwright, Lindsay C Porter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086953/student-and-faculty-perceptions-on-the-rapid-scale-up-of-medical-students-in-ethiopia
#6
Brittney S Mengistu, Holly Vins, Caitrin M Kelly, Daphne R McGee, Jennifer O Spicer, Miliard Derbew, Abebe Bekele, Damen Haile Mariam, Carlos Del Rio, Henry M Blumberg, Dawn L Comeau
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is a country of over 94 million people that has a severe physician shortage with approximately only 2.5 physicians per 100,000 persons. Recently, the Ethiopian government implemented a "flood and retain" initiative to rapidly increase the quantity of physicians in Ethiopia. Consequently, medical student enrollment at Addis Ababa University (AAU) School of Medicine increased from 100 to approximately 300-400 students per class. This study evaluated the impact of the rapid scale-up in the number of medical students on the quality of medical education at AAU and the impact of the U...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086868/the-impact-of-students-and-curriculum-on-self-study-during-clinical-training-in-medical-school-a-multilevel-approach
#7
J Barbosa, A Silva, M A Ferreira, M Severo
BACKGROUND: In higher education, the focus has shifted from the acquisition of knowledge to learning objectives and skills. This means that, the majority of student learning time is spent independently working outside the classroom. Students take an active role in setting goals, deciding how to achieve them, and planning individual study time. Although extensive research has recognized the importance of curriculum and students' characteristics in time devoted to self-study, it is still unclear to what extent these variables affect time to study...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068362/conflict-of-interest-policies-at-french-medical-schools-starting-from-the-bottom
#8
Paul Scheffer, Christian Guy-Coichard, David Outh-Gauer, Zoéline Calet-Froissart, Mathilde Boursier, Barbara Mintzes, Jean-Sébastien Borde
BACKGROUND: Medical faculties have a role in ensuring that their students are protected from undue commercial influence during their training, and are educated about professional-industry interactions. In North America, many medical faculties have introduced more stringent conflict of interest (COI) policies during the last decade. We asked whether similar steps had been taken in France. We hypothesized that such policies may have been introduced following a 2009-2010 drug safety scandal (benfluorex, Mediator) in which COIs in medicine received prominent press attention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061800/does-a-pbl-based-medical-curriculum-predispose-training-in-specific-career-paths-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
Jordan Tsigarides, Laura R Wingfield, Myutan Kulendran
BACKGROUND: North American medical schools have used problem-based learning (PBL) structured medical education for more than 60 years. However, it has only recently been introduced in other medical schools outside of North America. Since its inception, there has been the debate on whether the PBL learning process predisposes students to select certain career paths. OBJECTIVES: To review available evidence to determine the predisposition of specific career paths when undertaking a PBL-based medical curriculum...
January 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060967/medical-students-help-bridge-the-gap-in-sexual-health-education-among-middle-school-youth
#10
Naomi Adjei, Michael Yacovelli, Dorothy Liu, Kunal Sindhu, Mary Roberts, Susanna Magee
BACKGROUND: School-based programs are important in addressing risky teenage sexual behavior. We implemented a sex education program using trained medical student volunteers. METHODS: Medical students (n=30) implemented a seven-session curriculum, designed by medical students and faculty, to 7th and 8th grade students (n=310) at a local school. Middle school students completed pre- and post-assessments. Teachers and medical students completed questionnaires relating their perceptions of students' attitudes and understanding of sexual health...
January 6, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056969/voluntary-attendance-of-small-group-brainstorming-tutoring-courses-intensify-new-clerk-s-excellence-in-clinical-care-a-pilot-study
#11
Ling-Yu Yang, Chia-Chang Huang, Hui-Chi Hsu, Ying-Ying Yang, Ching-Chi Chang, Chiao-Lin Chuang, Wei-Shin Lee, Jen-Feng Liang, Hao Min Cheng, Chin-Chou Huang, Fa-Yauh Lee, Shung-Tai Ho, Ralph Kirby
BACKGROUND: Clerkship provides a unique way of transferring the knowledge and skills gathered during medical school's curriculum into real-ward clinical care environment. The annual program evaluation has indicated that the training of clerks in diagnostic and clinical reasoning skills needed to be enhanced. Recently, "clinical excellence" program have been promoted in our institution to augment the excellence in clinical care of new clerks. Current study aims to evaluate whether this pilot program improve the "clinical excellence" of new clerks...
January 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052572/an-undergraduate-otolaryngology-curriculum-comparison-in-the-united-kingdom-using-a-curriculum-evaluation-framework
#12
R A Steven, G J Mires, S K W Lloyd, S McAleer
OBJECTIVE: 1.To compare undergraduate Otolaryngology curricula in the United Kingdom. 2.To develop a tool which would allow undergraduate specialty curricula to be compared. DESIGN: Development of a Curriculum Evaluation Framework and survey. SETTING: UK medical schools. PARTICIPANTS: Otolaryngology curricula were requested from all 32 UK medical schools who award a primary medical qualification. 19 curricula were received and examined...
January 4, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049673/dental-students-reflections-on-quality-of-periodontal-care-in-dental-school-clinics
#13
Sangeetha Chandrasekaran, Charles Powell, Laurice De la Rosa, Anuj Mittal, Lonnie Johnson
The aim of this study was to analyze dental students' descriptions of and reflections on the periodontal care they provided for their patients in dental school clinics. All students enrolled in the final year of the DDS program in 2011-14 at the University of Colorado School of Dental Medicine were required to complete a self-assessment of the periodontal care they provided for patients. Assessments from 263 students were compiled and qualitatively analyzed. The key reasons given for not providing good care were identified and then stratified as student/school-dependent or patient-dependent factors...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047032/su-f-e-08-medical-physics-as-a-teaching-tool-for-high-school-science-curriculum
#14
L Buckley
PURPOSE: Delivering high school science curriculum in a timely manner and in way that is accessible to all students is a challenge for teachers. Although many high schools offer career workshops, these are typically directed at senior students and do not relate directly to details of the curriculum. The objective of this initiative was to create a series of lectures that use medical physics to relate many aspects of the high school science curriculum to tangible clinical applications and to introduce students to alternate pathways into a career in health sciences...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040097/hospital-based-multidisciplinary-youth-mentoring-and-medical-exposure-program-positively-influences-and-reinforces-health-care-career-choice-the-reach-one-each-one-program-early-experience
#15
Omar K Danner, Carl Lokko, Felicia Mobley, Montreka Dansby, Michael Maze, Brene' Bradley, Elizabeth Williams, Leslie Ray Matthews, Emma Harrington, Lisa Mack, Clarence Clark, Ken Wilson, Derrick Beech, Sheryl Heron, Ed Childs
BACKGROUND: According to the National Center for Educational Statistics, underrepresented minorities (URMs) are more likely to leave science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields at higher rates than their peers during undergraduate studies. Many institutions of higher learning have implemented pipeline programs aimed at preparing and inspiring high school and college aged students in select careers in health sciences with varying levels of success. Research has shown that a health care workforce that mirrors the community they serve is more effective in reducing health disparities and increasing positive health outcomes...
December 14, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033728/measuring-professional-identity-formation-early-in-medical-school
#16
Adina Kalet, Lynn Buckvar-Keltz, Victoria Harnik, Verna Monson, Steven Hubbard, Ruth Crowe, Hyuksoon S Song, Sandra Yingling
AIM: To assess the feasibility and utility of measuring baseline professional identity formation (PIF) in a theory-based professionalism curriculum for early medical students. METHODS: All 132 entering students completed the professional identity essay (PIE) and the defining issues test (DIT2). Students received score reports with individualized narrative feedback and wrote a structured reflection after a large-group session in which the PIF construct was reviewed...
December 30, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032558/early-learners-as-health-coaches-for-older-adults-preparing-for-surgery
#17
Jennifer A Kaplan, Zabecca Brinson, Rebecca Hofer, Patricia O'Sullivan, Anna Chang, Helen Horvath, George J Chang, Emily Finlayson
BACKGROUND: Few opportunities exist for early learners to engage in authentic roles on health care teams. In a geriatric optimization clinic for frail high-risk surgical patients, first-year medical and nurse practitioner students were integrated into an interprofessional team as health coaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Frail surgical patients with planned operations were referred to a new preoperative optimization clinic to see a geriatrician, occupational, and physical therapists and a nutritionist...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031600/medical-curriculum-and-pharmacology-an-appraisal
#18
P S R K Haranath
Pharmacology was introduced with Western Medical Education in India in 1900s. RN Chopra was the first Professor of Pharmacology along with patient care in School of Tropical Medicine Calcutta. Now Pharmacologists do not have clinical care nor give laboratory services to hospitals. Medical Education advanced in the West in 1960s with more emphasis on Integrated Teaching and Student Self-study and less on didactic lectures. System Based Learning and Problem Based Learning reduced importance of individual subjects...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025624/impact-of-a-revised-curriculum-focusing-on-clinical-neurology-and-musculoskeletal-care-on-a-required-fourth-year-medical-student-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-clerkship
#19
John W Norbury, Clinton E Faulk, Kelly M Harrell, Luan E Lawson, Daniel P Moore
Background. A Required Fourth-Year Medical Student Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) Clerkship was found to increase students' knowledge of PM&R; however the students' overall rotation evaluations were consistently lower than the other 8 required clerkships at the medical school. Objective. To describe the impact of a revised curriculum based upon Entrustable Professional Activities and focusing on basic pain management, musculoskeletal care, and neurology. Setting. Academic Medical Center. Participants...
2016: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019131/heutagogic-approach-to-developing-capable-learners
#20
Reem Rachel Abraham, Ramnarayan Komattil
The twenty-first century higher education sector has come a long way after undergoing continuous metamorphosis from pedagogy to andragogy. Most of the educational approaches adopted in medical schools are directed towards developing more of competencies and less of capability, which is the ability to use competencies in novel contexts. Competencies alone are not sufficient to thrive in the present day work place as medical profession subsumes complex contexts; it is in this scenario that, medical educators are entrusted with the challenging task of developing "capable learners"...
December 25, 2016: Medical Teacher
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