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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166354/smoothing-the-transition-points-in-canadian-medical-education
#1
Nick Busing, Jay Rosenfield, Kamal Rungta, Matt Raegele, Andrew Warren, Bruce Wright, Mark Walton, Ivy Oandasan, Anthony Sanfilippo, Anurag Saxena
In 2010 the Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada, Collège des médecins du Québec, College of Family Physicians of Canada, and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada launched The Future of Medical Education in Canada Postgraduate (FMEC PG) Project to examine postgraduate medical education (PGME) in Canada and make recommendations for improvement. One recommendation that emerged concerns the transitions learners experience across the undergraduate medical education-PGME-practice continuum...
November 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166149/journal-club-redefining-the-radiology-curriculum-in-medical-school-vertical-integration-and-global-accessibility
#2
Michele Retrouvey, Anthony Paul Trace, Craig W Goodmurphy, Sarah Shaves
OBJECTIVE: Radiology interconnects medical disciplines given that a working understanding of imaging is essential to clinicians of every specialty. Using online education, we created a globally accessible, web-based undergraduate medical radiology curriculum modeled after the National Medical Student Curriculum in Radiology program of the Alliance of Medical Student Educators in Radiology. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventy-four radiology faculty-mentored video modules were produced, 50 of which were integrated into the 1st-year anatomy course...
November 22, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145675/-implementing-the-cross-disciplinary-subject-palliative-care-lecture-s-perspective
#3
Leonie Isermeyer, Benjamin Ilse, Gabriella Marx, Stephanie Seidemann, Jana Jünger, Friedemann Nauck, Bernd Alt-Epping
Introduction In 2009, palliative care was introduced as a mandatory subject in the undergraduate medical curriculum in Germany. Despite all efforts to integrate this subject into the curriculum, research suggests substantial differences and deficits in the quality of education between the medical schools. The aim of this research was to find out promoting as well as impedimental aspects of implementing palliative care in the medical training program. By this, a suitable framework in terms of content and structure for palliative care teaching should be extracted...
November 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142560/changes-in-empathy-during-medical-education-an-example-from-turkey
#4
Fusun Artiran Igde, Mustafa Kursat Sahin
Objective: Empathy is a key element of patient- physician communication; it is relevant to and positively influences patients' health. In this study we aimed to present the Turkey example for the empathy change during the medical faculty training. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out at Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Samsun, Turkey. in first three years students of medicine during September 2014 to June 2015...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141624/incorporating-patient-partner-scores-into-high-stakes-assessment-an-observational-study-into-opinions-and-attitudes
#5
Fiona C Thomson, Rhoda K MacKenzie, Marie Anderson, Alan R Denison, Graeme P Currie
BACKGROUND: Volunteer patients (also known as patient partners (PPs)) play a vital role in undergraduate healthcare curricula. They frequently take part in objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE) and rate aspects of students' performance. However, the inclusion and weighting of PP marks varies, while attitudes and opinions regarding how (and if) they should contribute towards the pass/fail outcome are uncertain. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted to explore beliefs of PPs regarding inclusion of their scores in a high stakes undergraduate OSCE in a single UK medical school...
November 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138614/development-of-a-health-care-systems-curriculum
#6
Zachary Pruitt, Rahul Mhaskar, Bryan G Kane, Robert D Barraco, Deborah J DeWaay, Alex M Rosenau, Kristin A Bresnan, Marna Rayl Greenberg
Background: There is currently no gold standard for delivery of systems-based practice in medical education, and it is challenging to incorporate into medical education. Health systems competence requires physicians to understand patient care within the broader health care system and is vital to improving the quality of care clinicians provide. We describe a health systems curriculum that utilizes problem-based learning across 4 years of systems-based practice medical education at a single institution...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138613/medical-student-involvement-in-health-policy-roles
#7
Bassit Malik, Utkarsh Ojha, Hassan Khan, Farzana Begum, Harun Khan, Qasim Malik
Objectives: A teaching curriculum in health policy may be well established in medical school; however, an emphasis on applying taught principles via participation in health policy roles is less defined. We undertook a study to explore medical student participation in health policy roles. Design and setting: An anonymous online survey via convenience sampling was conducted in the UK. Participants: A total of 112 students from six medical schools participated in the study...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138611/volunteer-patients-and-small-groups-contribute-to-abdominal-examination-s-success
#8
Helen M Shields, Nielsen Q Fernandez-Becker, Sarah N Flier, Byron P Vaughn, Melissa H Tukey, Stephen R Pelletier, Douglas A Horst
Background: Prior to 2007, we taught the abdominal examination in a hospital based group to 40 students, at one hospital. We used volunteer patients, small groups, repetition, and required faculty development sessions. In 2007, our medical school changed its "Introduction to Physical Examination" session so that the entire class was to be taught in a geographically central session. Our hospital was selected to lead the abdominal examination portion of the session. Aim: Our aim was to answer three questions...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128900/student-learning-outcomes-perceptions-and-beliefs-in-the-context-of-strengthening-research-integration-into-the-first-year-of-medical-school
#9
Mayke W C Vereijken, Roeland M van der Rijst, Jan H van Driel, Friedo W Dekker
Research integrated into undergraduate education is important in order for medical students to understand and value research for later clinical practice. Therefore, attempts are being made to strengthen the integration of research into teaching from the first year onwards. First-year students may interpret attempts made to strengthen research integration differently than intended by teachers. This might be explained by student beliefs about learning and research as well as student perceptions of the learning environment...
November 11, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128651/design-and-rationale-of-the-medical-students-learning-weight-management-counseling-skills-msweight-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Judith K Ockene, Karen M Ashe, Rashelle B Hayes, Linda C Churchill, Sybil L Crawford, Alan C Geller, Denise Jolicoeur, Barbara C Olendzki, Maria Theresa Basco, Jyothi A Pendharkar, Kristi J Ferguson, Thomas P Guck, Katherine L Margo, Catherine A Okuliar, Monica A Shaw, Taraneh Soleymani, Diane D Stadler, Sarita S Warrier, Lori Pbert
Physicians have an important role addressing the obesity epidemic. Lack of adequate teaching to provide weight management counseling (WMC) is cited as a reason for limited treatment. National guidelines have not been translated into an evidence-supported, competency-based curriculum in medical schools. Weight Management Counseling in Medical Schools: A Randomized Controlled Trial (MSWeight) is designed to determine if a multi-modal theoretically-guided WMC educational intervention improves observed counseling skills and secondarily improve perceived skills and self-efficacy among medical students compared to traditional education (TE)...
November 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128429/practice-report-bericht-aus-der-praxis-an-exploration-of-peer-tutor-roles-and-recruitment-at-german-medical-schools
#11
Simone Alvarez, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz
BACKGROUND: Almost all medical faculties in Germany actively employ peer tutors. However, little is known about the roles these tutors play from a faculty point of view. Also, there are only few descriptions of the tutor recruitment and selection processes. METHODS: 32 of the medical faculties in Germany, where tutors are used in the training of medical students, were asked to provide information on the role and recruitment of tutors by means of a partially standardized questionnaire...
November 8, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125952/getting-to-the-core-of-medicine-developing-undergraduate-forensic-medicine-and-pathology-teaching
#12
Richard Martin Jones
Teaching and learning of forensic medicine and pathology in the undergraduate medical curriculum has been in decline for decades in the UK, and yet graduates are expected to be able to recognise, and protect, those who are most vulnerable in society - i.e. at risk of abuse or neglect - a matter highly relevant to the role of the forensic medical practitioner. When Cardiff University School of Medicine created a new 'learner-centred' undergraduate curriculum, championing case-based discussion in small groups, and earlier clinical contact, residual teaching on 'the pathology of trauma' disappeared...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122740/the-perceptions-of-medical-school-students-and-faculty-toward-obesity-medicine-education-survey-and-needs-analysis
#13
Mary Metcalf, Karen Rossie, Katie Stokes, Bradley Tanner
BACKGROUND: Recent trends in obesity show that over two-thirds of US adults are considered at least overweight (body mass index, BMI≥25 kg/m(2)) and of those, about one-third are categorized as obese (BMI≥30 kg/m(2)). Physicians can address the health impacts of obesity; yet research has suggested that physicians-in-training frequently fail to recognize obesity, are not properly educated regarding treatment options, and spend relatively little clinic time treating obesity. Medical school is a unique opportunity to address this area of need so that the doctors of tomorrow are prepared to treat obesity appropriately...
November 9, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121991/medical-students-as-health-coaches-implementation-of-a-student-initiated-lifestyle-medicine-curriculum
#14
Rani Polak, Adi Finkelstein, Tom Axelrod, Marie Dacey, Matan Cohen, Dennis Muscato, Avi Shariv, Naama W Constantini, Mayer Brezis
BACKGROUND: By 2020, the World Health Organization predicts that two-thirds of all diseases worldwide will be the result of lifestyle choices. Physicians often do not counsel patients about healthy behaviors, and lack of training has been identified as one of the barriers. Between 2010 and 2014, Hebrew University developed and implemented a 58-h Lifestyle Medicine curriculum spanning five of the 6 years of medical school. Content includes nutrition, exercise, smoking cessation, and behavior change, as well as health coaching practice with friends/relatives (preclinical years) and patients (clinical years)...
November 10, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121888/comparison-of-formula-and-number-right-scoring-in-undergraduate-medical-training-a-rasch-model-analysis
#15
Dario Cecilio-Fernandes, Harro Medema, Carlos Fernando Collares, Lambert Schuwirth, Janke Cohen-Schotanus, René A Tio
BACKGROUND: Progress testing is an assessment tool used to periodically assess all students at the end-of-curriculum level. Because students cannot know everything, it is important that they recognize their lack of knowledge. For that reason, the formula-scoring method has usually been used. However, where partial knowledge needs to be taken into account, the number-right scoring method is used. Research comparing both methods has yielded conflicting results. As far as we know, in all these studies, Classical Test Theory or Generalizability Theory was used to analyze the data...
November 9, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118982/uneven-distribution-of-professors-and-instructors-in-medical-disciplines-dealing-with-the-four-main-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-the-case-of-the-italian-universities
#16
Giovanni Viegi, Stefano Centanni, Francesco Blasi
Background: Chronic (non-communicable) diseases (NCD) -- principally cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes -- are leading causes of death and disability. There is the need to adopt a core University curriculum which let students be taught by teachers who are experts of the four main NCD, for reaching the public health goals proposed by the UN and the WHO. Methods: Our aim was to assess whether all medical students, regardless of the Italian university of enrolment, have an equal opportunity to be educated by an expert teacher in each of the four NCD...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117817/roadmap-for-creating-an-accelerated-three-year-medical-education-program
#17
Shou Ling Leong, Joan Cangiarella, Tonya Fancher, Lisa Dodson, Colleen Grochowski, Vicky Harnik, Carol Hustedde, Betsy Jones, Christina Kelly, Allison Macerollo, Annette C Reboli, Melvin Rosenfeld, Kristen Rundell, Tina Thompson, Robert Whyte, Martin Pusic
Medical education is undergoing significant transformation. Many medical schools are moving away from the concept of seat time to competency-based education and introducing flexibility in the curriculum that allows individualization. In response to rising student debt and the anticipated physician shortage, 35% of US medical schools are considering the development of accelerated pathways. The roadmap described in this paper is grounded in the experiences of the Consortium of Accelerated Medical Pathway Programs (CAMPP) members in the development, implementation, and evaluation of one type of accelerated pathway: the three-year MD program...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116981/the-hidden-curricula-of-medical-education-a-scoping-review
#18
Carlton Lawrence, Tsholofelo Mhlaba, Kearsley A Stewart, Relebohile Moletsane, Bernhard Gaede, Mosa Moshabela
PURPOSE: To analyze the plural definitions and applications of the term "hidden curriculum" within the medical education literature and to propose a conceptual framework for conducting future research on the topic. METHOD: The authors conducted a literature search of nine online databases, seeking articles published on the hidden, informal, or implicit curriculum in medical education prior to March 2017. Two reviewers independently screened articles with set inclusion criteria and performed kappa coefficient tests to evaluate interreviewer reliability...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116975/progress-on-a-new-kind-of-progress-test-assessing-medical-students-clinical-skills
#19
Robin H DeMuth, Jonathan G Gold, Brian E Mavis, Dianne P Wagner
PROBLEM: Progress testing of medical knowledge has advantages over traditional medical school examination strategies. However, little is known about its use in assessing medical students' clinical skills or their integration of clinical skills with necessary science knowledge. The authors previously reported on the feasibility of the Progress Clinical Skills Examination (PCSE), piloted with a group of early learners. This subsequent pilot test studied the exam's validity to determine whether the PCSE is sensitive to the growth in students' clinical skills across the four years of medical school...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114348/enriching-health-professional-programs-in-global-health-development-and-implementation-of-an-interdisciplinary-and-integrated-approach
#20
Carol Valois, Véronique Foley, Paul Grand'Maison, Johanne Dumont
Background: Globalization results in a rapidly diversifying population, increased inequities, and more complex health problems affecting populations. This forces medical schools to integrate global health (GH) into the training of health-care professionals from curriculum development to practical learning activities, here and abroad. Approach: The approach aims at enriching existing programs in GH competencies in an interdisciplinary context. The goal is to ensure that all health-science students develop a certain level of GH competency...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
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