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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708355/-undergraduate-training-in-physician-patient-communication
#1
Alexandre Berney, Pascale Pécoud, Céline Bourquin, Friedrich Stiefel
In addition to providing psychiatric care to patients with somatic diseases, liaison psychiatry plays an important role in the teaching of the relational aspects of the clinical encounter between patients and clinicians. This series of three articles proposes a critical reflection on this topic, and presents examples of undergraduate and postgraduate teaching programs developed by the psychiatric liaison service at Lausanne University Hospital. This article describes the general context of undergraduate teaching, and focuses on our training with simulated patient of a breaking bad news situation, taking place during the fourth year of medical studies...
February 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707640/what-do-faculty-feel-about-teaching-in-this-school-assessment-of-medical-education-environment-by-teachers
#2
Syed Ilyas Shehnaz, Mohamed Arifulla, Jayadevan Sreedharan, Kadayam Guruswami Gomathi
BACKGROUND: Faculty members are major stakeholders in curriculum delivery, and positive student learning outcomes can only be expected in an educational environment (EE) conducive to learning. EE experienced by teachers includes all conditions affecting teaching and learning activities. As the EE of teachers indirectly influences the EE of students, assessment of teachers' perceptions of EE can highlight issues affecting student learning. These perceptions can also serve as a valuable tool for identifying faculty development needs...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707637/implementation-and-sex-specific-analysis-of-students-attitudes-toward-a-longitudinal-gender-specific-medical-curriculum-a-pilot-study
#3
Anja Böckers, Claudia Grab, Christiane Waller, Ulrike Schulze, Susanne Gerhardt-Szep, Benjamin Mayer, Tobias Maria Böckers, Wolfgang Öchsner
BACKGROUND: Gender medicine has gained importance over the past 20 years. Nevertheless, the scientific findings concerning gender- and sex-specific patient care have not been sufficiently integrated into the education of physicians. It was therefore our aim, against initial resistance in our school, to integrate clinically relevant aspects of gender medicine into the existing medical curriculum. This paper describes the implementation process of a lecture-based interdisciplinary, longitudinal, basic gender curriculum and evaluates students' attitudes in relation to sex and semester level...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707636/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-patient-safety-course-in-a-problem-based-learning-program
#4
Sarah Ahmed Eltony, Nahla Hassan El-Sayed, Shimaa El-Sayed El-Araby, Salah Eldin Kassab
BACKGROUND: Since the development of the WHO patient safety curriculum guide, there has been insufficient reporting regarding the implementation and evaluation of patient safety courses in undergraduate problem-based learning (PBL) programs. This study is designed to implement a patient safety course to undergraduate students in a PBL medical school and evaluate this course by examining its effects on students' knowledge and satisfaction. METHODS: The target population included year 6 medical students (n = 71) at the Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University in Egypt...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707630/how-innovative-and-conventional-curricula-prepare-medical-students-for-practice-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-comparative-study-from-mozambique
#5
Janneke M Frambach, Beatriz A F Manuel, Afonso M T Fumo, Bernard Groosjohan, Cees P M Van Der Vleuten, Erik W Driessen
BACKGROUND: Medical education in Sub-Saharan Africa is in need of reform to promote the number and quality of physicians trained. Curriculum change and innovation in this region, however, face a challenging context that may affect curriculum outcomes. Research on outcomes of curriculum innovation in Sub-Saharan Africa is scarce. We investigated curriculum outcomes in a Sub-Saharan African context by comparing students' perceived preparedness for practice within three curricula in Mozambique: a conventional curriculum and two innovative curricula...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699416/interview-with-david-tauben-university-of-washington-chief-of-the-division-of-pain-medicine
#6
David Tauben
Dr Tauben is Clinical Professor jointly appointed in the Departments of Medicine and Anesthesia & Pain Medicine, and is the Hughes M & Katherine G Blake Endowed Professor, board certified in both Internal Medicine and Pain Medicine. He is also University of Washington (UW) Director of Medical Student and Resident Education in Pain Medicine, and Medical Director of UW TelePain, a tele-video-conferencing program intended to provide innovative pain education and consultative support to a five-state northwest regional primary care providers...
July 12, 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694712/creating-physicians-of-the-21st-century-assessment-of-the-clinical-years
#7
Allison A Vanderbilt, Sara Q Perkins, Moriah K Muscaro, Thomas J Papadimos, Reginald F Baugh
Medical education has been under a constant state of revision for the past several years. The overarching theme of the curriculum revisions for medical schools across the USA has been creating better physicians for the 21st century, with the same end result: graduating medical students at the optimal performance level when entering residency. We propose a robust, thorough assessment process that will address the needs of clerkships, residents, students, and, most importantly, medical schools to best measure and improve clinical reasoning skills that are required for the learning outcomes of our future physicians...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693566/medical-student-and-medical-school-teaching-faculty-perceptions-of-conflict-of-interest
#8
Nicholas S Andresen, Tyler S Olson, Matthew D Krasowski
BACKGROUND: Attitudes towards conflict of interest (COI) and COI policy are shaped during medical school and influence both the education of medical students and their future medical practice. Understanding the current attitudes of medical students and medical school teaching faculty may provide insight into what is taught about COI and COI policy within the 'hidden' medical curriculum. Differences between medical student and medical school teaching faculty perceptions of COI and COI policy have not been compared in detail...
July 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692355/teaching-clinical-reasoning-to-medical-students
#9
Lisa Amey, Kenneth J Donald, Andrew Teodorczuk
Clinical reasoning is often not explicitly addressed in the early medical school curriculum. As a result, students observe the process while on clinical placements with little or no understanding of the complex processes underlying it. Clinical reasoning has significant implications for patient safety. Medical errors as a consequence of faulty reasoning contribute to patient morbidity and mortality. Educating medical students at an early stage about the processes of clinical reasoning and strategies to avoid associated errors can have positive impacts upon patient safety...
July 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681652/building-an-environmentally-accountable-medical-curriculum-through-international-collaboration
#10
Sarah Catherine Walpole, Aditya Vyas, Janie Maxwell, Ben J Canny, Robert Woollard, Caroline Wellbery, Kathleen E Leedham-Green, Peter Musaeus, Uzma Tufail-Hanif, Karina Pavão Patrício, Hanna-Andrea Rother
BACKGROUND: Global environmental change is associated with significant health threats. The medical profession can address this challenge through advocacy, health system adaptation and workforce preparedness. Stewardship of health systems with attention to their environmental impacts can contribute to mitigation of and adaptation to negative health impacts of environmental change. Medical schools have an integral role in training doctors who understand the interdependence of ecosystems and human health...
July 6, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678133/the-fourth-year-of-medical-school-time-for-reassessment-aoa-critical-issues
#11
Benjamin A Alman, James J Purtill, Vincent D Pellegrini, Peter Scoles
Most U.S. medical schools follow the 4-year model, consisting of 2 preclinical years, core clinical experience, and a fourth year intended to permit students to increase clinical competency, to explore specialty areas, and to transition to residency. Although the design and delivery of Years 1 through 3 have evolved to meet new challenges and expectations, the structure of Year 4 remains largely unchanged. For most students considering a career in orthopaedics, Year 4 is a series of elective rotations in which educational objectives become secondary to interviewing for residency programs...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678103/using-complexity-theory-to-guide-medical-school-evaluations
#12
Christine Jorm, Chris Roberts
Contemporary medical school evaluations are narrow in focus and often do not consider the wider systems implications of the relationship between learning and teaching, research, clinical care, and community engagement. The result is graduates who lack the necessary knowledge and skills for the modern health care system and an educational system that is limited in its ability to learn and change.To address this issue, the authors apply complexity theory to medical school evaluation, using four key factors-nesting, diversity, self-organization, and emergent outcomes...
July 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678099/shifting-the-curve-fostering-academic-success-in-a-diverse-student-body
#13
Martha L Elks, Janice Herbert-Carter, Marjorie Smith, Brenda Klement, Brandi Brandon Knight, Ngozi F Anachebe
PROBLEM: Diversity in the health care workforce is key to achieving health equity. Although U.S. medical schools have worked to increase the matriculation and academic success of underrepresented minority (URM) students (African Americans, Latinos, others), they have had only limited success. Lower standardized test scores, including on the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), have been a barrier to matriculation for many URM applicants. Lower subsequent standardized exam scores, including on the United States Medical Licensing Exam Step 1, also have been an impediment to students' progress, with mean scores for URM students lagging behind those for others...
July 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678096/the-graduate-medical-education-scholars-track-developing-residents-as-clinician-educators-during-clinical-training-via-a-longitudinal-multimodal-and-multidisciplinary-track
#14
James Ahn, Shannon K Martin, Jeanne M Farnan, H Barrett Fromme
PROBLEM: Residency clinician-educator tracks have been created; however, they have generally been limited to a single discipline or program and experienced some challenges. The Graduate Medical Education Scholars Track (GMEST), an embedded longitudinal, multimodal, multidisciplinary clinician-educator track for residents, was piloted at the Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, in academic year 2014-2015. APPROACH: The GMEST is a two-year experience completed during residency training...
July 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677825/the-impact-after-50-years-of-a-new-medical-education-programme-with-a-regional-workforce-mission
#15
Richard Hays, Sarah Bowles, Terry Brown, Anthony Lawler, James Vickers
BACKGROUND: Tasmania established its medical programme in 1965 to produce graduates to address medical workforce recruitment challenges. Many Tasmanian graduates work in Tasmania, but workforce problems continue. This paper reports the workforce outcomes of the first 42 graduating cohorts. METHODS: A database for all University of Tasmania medical graduates from the years 1970 to 2011 was developed by combining information from university, registration and local workforce survey databases...
July 5, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676138/european-core-curriculum-in-neurorehabilitation
#16
Giorgio Sandrini, H Binder, Volker Hömberg, Leopold Saltuari, I Tarkka, Nicola Smania, C Corradini, A Giustini, Christian Kätterer, L Picari, Karin Diserens, E Koenig, A Geurts, Aurelian Anghelescu, Józef Opara, P Tonin, Gert Kwakkel, Volodymyr Golyk, G Onose, Dominique Pérennou, A Picelli
To date, medical education lacks Europe-wide standards on neurorehabilitation. To address this, the European Federation of NeuroRehabilitation Societies (EFNR) here proposes a postgraduate neurorehabilitation training scheme. In particular, the European medical core curriculum in neurorehabilitation should include a two-year residency in a neurorehabilitation setting where trainees can gain practical experience. Furthermore, it should comprise six modules of classroom training organized as weekend seminars or summer/winter schools...
April 2017: Functional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676036/tobacco-use-among-kyrgyzstan-medical-students-an-11-year-follow-up-cross-sectional-study
#17
Nurlan Brimkulov, Denis Vinnikov, Zhamilia Dzhilkiadarova, Aigerim Aralbaeva
BACKGROUND: Medical students are the first line active force to combat tobacco epidemic, but they may suffer from high smoking prevalence and wrong attitude themselves. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of current curriculum on smoking behavior of medical students in Kyrgyzstan. METHODS: 20% random sample of all 6 years of the School of Medicine in Kyrgyz State Medical Academy were interviewed in spring 2016. The questionnaire included sections on tobacco products consumption and knowledge and attitude to counseling...
July 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674302/effect-of-ipe-on-medical-profession-education-and-expectations-of-pharmacists-from-the-perspective-of-nurses
#18
Ikuko Sakai
 On January 1, 2015, the Interprofessional Education Research Center (IPERC) was opened at the Graduate School of Nursing at Chiba University, while being positioned as one of the Inohana Campus High Functionality Initiatives by the university. As the result of the establishment of an education research center in the nursing graduate school, various changes are coming into view. In particular, the active participation of young instructors of the medical, nursing, and pharmacology departments and university hospital in interprofessional education (IPE) efforts deserve special mention...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674300/systematic-and-stepwise-interprofessional-education-in-showa-university
#19
Yuji Kiuchi
 At Showa University, which consists of the schools of medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing and rehabilitation sciences, systematic interprofessional education was introduced with the cooperation of all 4 schools and through all undergraduate grades with the purpose of training medical staff who can contribute positively to the medical team. In the lower grades, students study the basics of medical team care based on a 4-school joint curriculum of experience learning (such as early exposure) and problem-based learning (PBL) tutorial inside and outside of the university...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670982/meeting-the-demand-of-the-future-a-curriculum-to-stimulate-interest-in-careers-in-primary-care-internal-medicine
#20
Mary R Hawthorne, An Dinh
BACKGROUND: There is a growing need for primary care physicians, but only a small percentage of graduating medical students enter careers in primary care. PURPOSE: To assess whether a Primary Care Intraclerkship within the Medicine clerkship can significantly improve students' attitudes by analyzing scores on pre- and post-tests. METHODS: Students on the Medicine clerkship at the University of Massachusetts Medical School participated in full-day 'intraclerkships',to demonstrate the importance of primary care and the management of chronic illness in various primary care settings...
2017: Medical Education Online
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