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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065828/adipocyte-dynamics-and-reversible-metabolic-syndrome-in-mice-with-an-inducible-adipocyte-specific-deletion-of-the-insulin-receptor
#1
Masaji Sakaguchi, Shiho Fujisaka, Weikang Cai, Jonathon N Winnay, Masahiro Konishi, Brian T O'Neill, Mengyao Li, Rubén García-Martín, Hirokazu Takahashi, Jiang Hu, Rohit N Kulkarni, C Ronald Kahn
Insulin and IGF1 signaling are important for adipose tissue development and function; however, their role in mature adipocytes is unclear. Mice with a tamoxifen-inducible knockout of insulin and/or IGF1 receptors (IR/IGF1R) demonstrate a rapid loss of white and brown fat due to increased lipolysis and adipocyte apoptosis. This results in insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, hepatosteatosis, islet hyperplasia with hyperinsulinemia, and cold intolerance. This phenotype, however, resolves over 10-30 days due to a proliferation of preadipocytes and rapid regeneration of both brown and white adipocytes as identified by mTmG lineage tracing...
January 4, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056790/immunization-with-neural-derived-peptides-plus-scar-removal-induces-a-permissive-microenvironment-and-improves-locomotor-recovery-after-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#2
Roxana Rodríguez-Barrera, Adrián Flores-Romero, Ana María Fernández-Presas, Elisa García-Vences, Raúl Silva-García, Mina Konigsberg, Liliana Blancas-Espinoza, Vinnitsa Buzoianu-Anguiano, Karla Soria-Zavala, Paola Suárez-Meade, Antonio Ibarra
BACKGROUND: Immunization with neural derived peptides (INDP) as well as scar removal-separately-have shown to induce morphological and functional improvement after spinal cord injury (SCI). In the present study, we compared the effect of INDP alone versus INDP with scar removal on motor recovery, regeneration-associated and cytokine gene expression, and axonal regeneration after chronic SCI. Scar removal was conducted through a single incision with a double-bladed scalpel along the stump, and scar renewal was halted by adding α,α'-dipyridyl...
January 5, 2017: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055425/igf1-regulates-runx1-expression-via-irs1-2-implications-for-antler-chondrocyte-differentiation
#3
Zhan-Qing Yang, Hong-Liang Zhang, Cui-Cui Duan, Shuang Geng, Kai Wang, Hai-Fan Yu, Zhan-Peng Yue, Bin Guo
Although IGF1 is important for the proliferation and differentiation of chondrocytes, its underlying molecular mechanism is still unknown. Here we addressed the physiological function of IGF1 in antler cartilage and explored the interplay of IGF1, IRS1/2 and RUNX1 in chondrocyte differentiation. The results showed that IGF1 was highly expressed in antler chondrocytes. Exogenous rIGF1 could increase the proliferation of chondrocytes and cell proportion in the S phase, whereas IGF1R inhibitor PQ401 abrogated the induction by rIGF1...
January 5, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053000/myoblast-replication-is-reduced-in-the-iugr-fetus-despite-maintained-proliferative-capacity-in-vitro
#4
Susan M Soto, Amy C Blake, Stephanie R Wesolowski, Paul J Rozance, Kristen B Barthel, Bifeng Gao, Byron Hetrick, Carrie McCurdy, Natalia G Garza, William Hay, Leslie A Leinwand, Jacob E Friedman, Laura D Brown
Adults who were affected by intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) suffer from reductions in muscle mass and insulin resistance, suggesting muscle growth may be restricted by molecular events that occur during fetal development. To explore the basis of restricted fetal muscle growth, we used a sheep model of progressive placental insufficiency-induced IUGR to assess myoblast proliferation within intact skeletal muscle in vivo and isolated myoblasts stimulated with insulin in vitro. Gastrocnemius and soleus muscle weights were reduced by 25% in IUGR fetuses compared to controls (CON)...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051262/bioinformatic-identification-of-igf1-as-a-hub-gene-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-hcc-and-in-vitro-analysis-of-the-chemosensitizing-effect-of-mir-379-via-suppressing-the-igf1-igf1r-signaling-pathway
#5
D-J Huang, J-Z Huang, J Yang, Y-H Li, Y-C Luo, H-Y He, H-J Huang
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the interactions among the dysregulated genes in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and identified the hub genes in the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. Also, we also investigated the regulative effect of miR-379 on the IGF1/IGF1R signaling pathway and chemoresistance in HCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Raw data of a microarray that compared transcriptional gene profile between 3-paired HCC tissue samples and adjacent normal tissues were downloaded from Expression Atlas (E-GEOD-33006)...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050756/endothelial-cell-mediated-promotion-of-ciliated-cell-differentiation-of-human-airway-basal-cells-via-insulin-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-mediated-signaling
#6
Kazunori Gomi, Yongjiang Tang, Vanessa Arbelaez, Ronald G Crystal, Matthew S Walters
Human airway basal cells (BC) function as stem/progenitor cells of the human airway epithelium, capable of differentiating into ciliated and secretory cells during turnover and repair. The positioning of BC along the basement membrane allows for potential paracrine signaling from non-epithelial cells in the mesenchyme to regulate BC function. Based on the knowledge that interaction between the airway epithelium and mesenchyme is critical for proper maintenance of both tissues, and that endothelial cells (EC) can regulate multiple functions of BC, the present study was designed to help understand the role of BC and EC cross-talk in regulating BC stem/progenitor function...
January 3, 2017: Stem Cell Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040605/g-protein-coupled-receptor-34-in-ovarian-granulosa-cells-of-cattle-changes-during-follicular-development-and-potential-functional-implications
#7
L J Spicer, L F Schütz, J A Williams, N B Schreiber, J R Evans, M L Totty, J N Gilliam
Abundance of G protein-coupled receptor 34 (GPR34) mRNA is greater in granulosa cells (GCs) of cystic vs normal follicles of cattle. The present experiments were designed to determine if GPR34 mRNA in granulosa cell [GC] changes during selection and growth of dominant follicles in cattle as well as to investigate the hormonal regulation of GPR34 mRNA in bovine GC in vitro. In Exp. 1, estrous cycles of nonlactating cows were synchronized and then ovariectomized on either day 3-4 or 5-6 after ovulation. GPR34 mRNA abundance in GC was 2...
December 11, 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012622/variable-liver-fat-concentration-as-a-proxy-for-body-fat-mobilization-postpartum-has-minor-effects-on-insulin-induced-changes-in-hepatic-gene-expression-related-to-energy-metabolism-in-dairy-cows
#8
C Weber, C T Schäff, U Kautzsch, S Börner, S Erdmann, R M Bruckmaier, M Röntgen, B Kuhla, H M Hammon
The liver plays a central role in adaptation for energy requirements around calving, and changes in the effects of insulin on hepatic energy metabolism contribute to metabolic adaptation in dairy cows. Hepatic insulin effects may depend on body fat mobilization. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of insulin on the hepatic gene expression of enzymes involved in energy metabolism and factors related to nutrition partitioning in cows with high and low total liver fat concentration (LFC) after calving...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007906/igf1-neuronal-response-in-the-absence-of-mecp2-is-dependent-on-tralpha-3
#9
Janaina S de Souza, Cassiano Carromeu, Laila B Torres, Bruno H S Araujo, Fernanda R Cugola, Rui M B Maciel, Alysson R Muotri, Gisele Giannocco
Rett syndrome (RTT) is an X-linked neurodevelopmental disorder in which the MECP2 (methyl CpG-binding protein 2) gene is mutated. Recent studies showed that RTT-derived neurons have many cellular deficits when compared to control, such as: less synapses, lower dendritic arborization and reduced spine density. Interestingly, treatment of RTT-derived neurons with Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 (IGF1) could rescue some of these cellular phenotypes. Given the critical role of IGF1 during neurodevelopment, the present study used human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from RTT and control individuals to investigate the gene expression profile of IGF1 and IGF1R on different developmental stages of differentiation...
December 22, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007843/clinical-characteristics-and-management-of-growth-hormone-excess-in-patients-with-mccune-albright-syndrome
#10
Yong Yao, Yang Liu, Lin Jie Wang, Kan Deng, Hongbo Yang, Lin Lu, Feng Feng, Bing Xing, Hui You, Zimeng Jin, Renzhi Wang, Hui Pan, Shi Chen, Hui Juan Zhu
OBJECTIVE: McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is a sporadic, postzygotic disease presenting with fibrous dysplasia, cafe-au-lait spots and multiple endocrinopathies. Growth hormone (GH) excess is an uncommon but potentially severe complication of MAS. This study aims to describe the clinical manifestations of GH excess in the context of MAS, and analyze the responses of these patients to treatments. DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. METHODS: Clinical data from 52 MAS patients were analyzed...
December 22, 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001444/vitamin-d-receptor-expression-in-plasmablastic-lymphoma-and-myeloma-cells-confers-susceptibility-to-vitamin-d
#11
Duncan M Gascoyne, Linden Lyne, Hayley Spearman, Francesca M Buffa, Elizabeth J Soilleux, Alison H Banham
Plasmablastic B-cell malignancies include plasmablastic lymphoma and subsets of multiple myeloma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). These diseases can be difficult to diagnose and treat, and lack well-characterised cell line models. Here, immunophenotyping and FOXP1 expression profiling identified plasmablastic characteristics in DLBCL cell lines HLY-1 and SU-DHL-9, associated with CTNNAL1, HPGD, RORα, IGF1 and/or vitamin D receptor (VDR) transcription. We demonstrated VDR protein expression in primary plasmablastic tumour cells, and confirmed in cell lines expression of both VDR and the metabolic enzyme CYP27B1, which catalyses active vitamin D3 production...
December 21, 2016: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998919/impact-of-aip-and-inhibitory-g-protein-alpha-2-proteins-on-clinical-features-of-sporadic-gh-secreting-pituitary-adenomas
#12
Elina Ritvonen, Esa Pitkänen, Atte Karppinen, Satu Vehkavaara, Hande Demir, Anders Paetau, Camilla Schalin-Jäntti, Auli Karhu
INTRODUCTION: In sporadic acromegaly, downregulation of AIP protein of the adenomas associates with invasive tumor features and reduced responsiveness to somatostatin analogues. AIP is a regulator of Gai signaling, but it is not known how the biological function of the Gai pathway is controlled. AIM: To study GNAS and AIP mutation status, AIP and Gai-2 protein expressions, Ki-67 proliferation indices and clinical parameters in patients having primary surgery because of acromegaly at a single center between years 2000 and 2010...
February 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995572/intramuscular-delivery-of-scaav9-higf1-prolongs-survival-in-the-hsod1-g93a-als-mouse-model-via-upregulation-of-d-amino-acid-oxidase
#13
HuiQian Lin, HaoJie Hu, WeiSong Duan, YaLing Liu, GuoJun Tan, ZhongYao Li, YaKun Liu, BinBin Deng, XueQin Song, Wan Wang, Di Wen, Ying Wang, ChunYan Li
Self-complementary adeno-associated viral vector 9 (scAAV9) has been confirmed to be an efficient AAV serotype for gene transfer to the central nervous system (CNS). Neurotrophic factors have been considered to be therapeutic targets for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). In the present study, we intramuscularly injected scAAV9 encoding human insulin-like growth factor 1 (hIGF1) into an hSOD1(G93A) ALS mouse model. We observed that scAAV9-hIGF1 significantly reduced the loss of motor neurons of the anterior horn in the lumbar spinal cord and delayed muscle atrophy in ALS mice...
December 19, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989801/molecular-checkpoint-decisions-made-by-subverted-vascular-niche-transform-indolent-tumor-cells-into-chemoresistant-cancer-stem-cells
#14
Zhongwei Cao, Joseph M Scandura, Giorgio G Inghirami, Koji Shido, Bi-Sen Ding, Shahin Rafii
Tumor-associated endothelial cells (TECs) regulate tumor cell aggressiveness. However, the core mechanism by which TECs confer stem cell-like activity to indolent tumors is unknown. Here, we used in vivo murine and human tumor models to identify the tumor-suppressive checkpoint role of TEC-expressed insulin growth factor (IGF) binding protein-7 (IGFBP7/angiomodulin). During tumorigenesis, IGFBP7 blocks IGF1 and inhibits expansion and aggresiveness of tumor stem-like cells (TSCs) expressing IGF1 receptor (IGF1R)...
January 9, 2017: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987331/irs1-%C3%AE-catenin-axis-is-activated-and-induces-myc-expression-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-cells
#15
Jaqueline Cristina Fernandes, Ana Paula Nunes Rodrigues Alves, João Agostinho Machado-Neto, Renata Scopim-Ribeiro, Bruna Alves Fenerich, Fernanda Borges da Silva, Belinda Pinto Simões, Eduardo Magalhães Rego, Fabiola Traina
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and its receptor IGF1R regulate normal cell growth and contribute to cell transformation through activation of downstream signaling pathways. In fibroblast cells, insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1), through IGF1 signaling, was found to be the key protein for nuclear translocation of β-catenin and MYC transcription activation. We herein investigated the IRS1/β-catenin axis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells. Samples were obtained from 45 patients with ALL and 13 healthy donors...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979262/effects-and-detection-of-nandrosol-and-ractopamine-administration-in-veal-calves
#16
Sara Divari, Enrica Berio, Paola Pregel, Alessandra Sereno, Luca Chiesa, Radmila Pavlovic, Sara Panseri, Toine F H Bovee, Bartolomeo Biolatti, Francesca T Cannizzo
The present study describes different effects of the selective androgen receptor modulator (SARM) nandrolone phenylpropionate (Nandrosol) and the β-agonist ractopamine administration in veal calves, and it investigates different strategies applied to trace these molecules. Morphological changes of gonads and accessory glands attributed to androgen effects, such as testicular atrophy, seminiferous tubule diameter reduction and hyperplasia of prostate epithelium, were detected, although SARMs are not described to cause these lesions...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976731/genetic-variation-in-igf1-predicts-renal-cell-carcinoma-susceptibility-and-prognosis-in-chinese-population
#17
Qiang Cao, Chao Liang, Jianxin Xue, Pu Li, Jie Li, Meilin Wang, Zhengdong Zhang, Chao Qin, Qiang Lu, Lixin Hua, Pengfei Shao, Zengjun Wang
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and IGF binding protein 3 (IGFBP3) play an important role in the development and progression of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). We evaluated the association of functional polymorphisms in IGF1 and IGFBP3 with susceptibility and prognosis of RCC. We genotyped nine potentially functional polymorphisms in IGF1 and IGFBP3 and assessed their association with risk of RCC in a two-stage case-control study compromising 1027 cases and 1094 controls, and with prognosis in a cohort of 311 patients...
December 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974911/the-etiopathogenesis-of-uterine-fibromatosis
#18
EDITORIAL
L Manta, N Suciu, O Toader, R M Purcărea, A Constantin, F Popa
Uterine fibroids or uterine leiomyomas are the most common benign tumors of the uterus among women of fertile age, while the etiology is still incompletely elucidated. The occurrence and development of the fibromatosis may be related to certain risk factors and genic mechanisms, although the exact causes are not yet fully known. The development of uterine fibroids is correlated not only with the metabolism and with the level of female sexual hormones, estrogen, and progesterone, but also with the number of these hormone receptors expressed on the surface of the myometrium...
January 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974185/models-of-gh-deficiency-in-animal-studies
#19
REVIEW
Manuel D Gahete, Raul M Luque, Justo P Castaño
Growth hormone (GH) is a peptide hormone released from pituitary somatotrope cells that promotes growth, cell division and regeneration by acting directly through the GH receptor (GHR), or indirectly via hepatic insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) production. GH deficiency (GHD) can cause severe consequences, such as growth failure, changes in body composition and altered insulin sensitivity, depending of the origin, time of onset (childhood or adulthood) or duration of GHD. The highly variable clinical phenotypes of GHD can now be better understood through research on transgenic and naturally-occurring animal models, which are widely employed to investigate the origin, phenotype, and consequences of GHD, and particularly the underlying mechanisms of metabolic disorders associated to GHD...
December 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966489/reserpine-requires-the-d2-type-receptor-dop-3-and-the-exoribonuclease-eri-1-to-extend-the-lifespan-in-c-elegans
#20
Kopal Saharia, Ranjeet Kumar, Kuldeep Gupta, Shrilekha Mishra, Jamuna R Subramaniam
Lifespan extension is an all systems encompassing event. Involvement of reduced insulin/IGF1 signalling is well worked out, first in the model organism Caenorhbaditis elegans followed by other systems including humans. But the role of neuronal component in lifespan extension is not well understood due to the refractory nature of neurons to small RNA interference (sRNAi) in C. elegans. Earlier, we have demonstrated that an antihypertensive drug, reserpine, extends lifespan through modulation of neurotransmitter release, especially, acetylcholine, in C...
December 2016: Journal of Biosciences
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