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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441777/health-effects-of-psidium-guajava-l-leaves-an-overview-of-the-last-decade
#1
REVIEW
Elixabet Díaz-de-Cerio, Vito Verardo, Ana María Gómez-Caravaca, Alberto Fernández-Gutiérrez, Antonio Segura-Carretero
Today, there is increasing interest in discovering new bioactive compounds derived from ethnomedicine. Preparations of guava (Psidium guajava L.) leaves have traditionally been used to manage several diseases. The pharmacological research in vitro as well as in vivo has been widely used to demonstrate the potential of the extracts from the leaves for the co-treatment of different ailments with high prevalence worldwide, upholding the traditional medicine in cases such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and parasitic infections...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441697/hypertension-management-in-a-population-of-older-adults-in-rural-south-africa
#2
Thiago Veiga Jardim, Sheridan Reiger, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Ryan G Wagner, Alisha Wade, Till W Bärnighausen, Joshua Salomon, Stephen Tollman, Thomas A Gaziano
OBJECTIVE: Assess awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, as an indication of its management, in rural South Africa, especially regarding modifiers of these variables. METHODS: A population-representative sample of adults aged at least 40 years residing in the rural Agincourt subdistrict (Mpumalanga Province) covered by a long-term health and sociodemographic surveillance system was recruited. In-person interviews, physical exams, and dried blood spots were collected...
June 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441696/declining-blood-pressure-and-intensification-of-blood-pressure-management-among-people-over-80-years-cohort-study-using-electronic-health-records
#3
Rathi Ravindrarajah, Alex Dregan, Nisha C Hazra, Shota Hamada, Stephen H D Jackson, Martin C Gulliford
BACKGROUND: Management of high blood pressure (BP) in people over 80 years is controversial, but there is limited information available concerning the uptake of hypertension treatment at this age. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate use of antihypertensive drugs and changes in SBP and DBP from 2001 to 2014 in men and women aged 80 years and over. METHODS: Cohort study using primary care electronic health records of 265 225 participants from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink...
June 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441386/graft-derived-cell-free-dna-a-noninvasive-early-rejection-and-graft-damage-marker-in-liver-transplantation-a-prospective-observational-multicenter-cohort-study
#4
Ekkehard Schütz, Anna Fischer, Julia Beck, Markus Harden, Martina Koch, Tilo Wuensch, Martin Stockmann, Björn Nashan, Otto Kollmar, Johannes Matthaei, Philipp Kanzow, Philip D Walson, Jürgen Brockmöller, Michael Oellerich
BACKGROUND: Graft-derived cell-free DNA (GcfDNA), which is released into the blood stream by necrotic and apoptotic cells, is a promising noninvasive organ integrity biomarker. In liver transplantation (LTx), neither conventional liver function tests (LTFs) nor immunosuppressive drug monitoring are very effective for rejection monitoring. We therefore hypothesized that the quantitative measurement of donor-derived cell-free DNA (cfDNA) would have independent value for the assessment of graft integrity, including damage from acute rejection...
April 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441369/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-oncology
#5
Daniel Jeong, Aarti Patel, Christopher J Francois, Kenneth L Gage, Michael G Fradley
BACKGROUND: Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is emerging as an important diagnostic modality in the management of cardiovascular-related dysfunction in oncological diseases. Advances in imaging techniques have enhanced the detection and evaluation of cardiac masses; meanwhile, innovative applications have created a growing role for cardiac MRI for the management of cardiotoxicity caused by cancer therapies. METHODS: An overview is provided of the clinical indications and technical considerations of cardiac MRI...
April 2017: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441311/feasibility-and-outcome-of-an-accelerated-recovery-protocol-in-asian-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients
#6
Chris Yin Wei Chan, Shweh Fern Loo, Jun Yin Ong, Kulathunga Arachchige Lisitha, M Shahnaz Hasan, Chee Kean Lee, Chee Kidd Chiu, Mun Keong Kwan
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study OBJECTIVE.: To determine the feasibility of an accelerated recovery protocol for Asian Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) patients undergoing posterior spinal fusion (PSF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There has been successful implementation of an accelerated recovery protocol for AIS patients undergoing PSF in the western population. No similar studies have been reported in the Asian population. METHODS: 74 AIS (65F, 9 M) patients scheduled for PSF surgery were recruited...
April 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441240/emergency-department-management-of-bronchiolitis-in-the-united-states
#7
Constance Gong, Terri Byczkowski, Constance McAneney, Monika K Goyal, Todd A Florin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine differences between general and pediatric emergency departments (PEDs) in adherence to the American Academy of Pediatrics bronchiolitis management guidelines. METHODS: We conducted a nationally representative study of ED visits by infants younger than 24 months with bronchiolitis from 2002 to 2011 using the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey. Diagnostic testing (complete blood counts, radiographs) and medication use (albuterol, corticosteroids, antibiotics and intravenous fluids) in general emergency departments (GEDs) were compared with those in PEDs before and after 2006 American Academy of Pediatrics guideline publication...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440780/frequency-and-management-of-diabetes-and-hyperglycemia-at-emergency-departments-the-gluce-urg-study
#8
Esther Álvarez-Rodríguez, Inmaculada Laguna Morales, Alicia Rosende Tuya, Raquel Tapia Santamaría, Alfonso Martín Martínez, Pascual López Riquelme, Raúl Merinero Palomares, Isabel Portero Sánchez
INTRODUCTION: Hyperglycemia is a common finding at hospital emergency rooms in diabetic patients, but few data are available on its frequency, management, and subsequent impact based on the assessment made at Emergency rooms. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the frequency of diabetes mellitus and hyperglycemia in patients admitted from Emergency rooms. Second, to describe management of hyperglycemia at Emergency rooms, and to analyze its potential impact on the course and management of patients during admission...
February 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440686/severe-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-after-combined-gnrh-agonist-and-low-dose-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-trigger-in-a-patient-with-a-single-kidney
#9
Nigel Pereira, Jovana P Lekovich, Isaac Kligman, Zev Rosenwaks
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) following gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) trigger is rare. Here, we report a case of severe OHSS after combined GnRH-a and low-dose human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) trigger in a patient with a single kidney. The patient is a 32-year-old women with a two-year history of infertility. The patient's history was significant for a single kidney, that is, she had donated a kidney to a family member three years ago. The patient underwent controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) for in vitro fertilization (IVF) and received a combined 2 mg GnRH-a and 1500 IU hCG ovulatory trigger...
April 25, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440525/-treatment-of-complications-after-laparoscopic-intersphincteric-resection-for-low-rectal-cancer
#10
Bin Zhang, Ke Zhao, Quanlong Liu, Shuhui Yin, Yujuan Zhao, Guangzuan Zhuo, Yingying Feng, Jun Zhu, Jianhua Ding
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the perioperative and postoperative complications follow laparoscopic intersphincteric resection (LapISR) in the treatment of low rectal cancer and their management. METHODS: An observational study was conducted in 73 consecutive patients who underwent LapISR for low rectal cancer between June 2011 and February 2016 in our hospital. The clinicopathological parameters, perioperative and postoperative complications, and clinical outcomes were collected from a prospectively maintained database...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440522/-nutrition-management-in-obese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#11
Weihong Tang, Yuhua Chen, Meizhen Pan, Lihua Chen, Lele Zhang, Tingfeng Wang, Xiong Zhang, Peng Zhang, Chengzhu Zheng, Bo Yu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of nutrition management in obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy(LSG). METHODS: Clinical data of 22 obese T2DM patients undergoing LSG from March 2013 to July 2015 in Fudan University Pudong Medical Center were collected. All the patients strictly followed the specialized instruction by nutritionists: diabetic and low calorie diet 3347.2 to 5020.8 kJ (800 to 1200 kcal) per day before the operation; low calorie liquid diet 2510...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440068/correlates-of-verbal-and-physical-aggression-among-patrons-of-licensed-venues-in-australia
#12
Shannon Hyder, Kerri Coomber, Amy Pennay, Nicolas Droste, Ashlee Curtis, Richelle Mayshak, Tina Lam, William Gilmore, Tanya Chikritzhs, Peter G Miller
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The current study aimed to examine the association between patron demographics and substance use, and experiences of verbal and physical aggressive incidents within the last 3 months among patrons of night-time entertainment precincts (NEP) in Australia. DESIGN AND METHODS: Patron interviews (n = 4216) were conducted around licensed venues in the NEPs of five Australian cities. Seven correlates of verbal and physical aggressive incidents were examined: gender, age, occupation, blood alcohol concentration, pre-drinking, energy drink use and illicit drug use in the current session...
April 25, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439881/effect-of-cocoa-on-blood-pressure
#13
REVIEW
Karin Ried, Peter Fakler, Nigel P Stocks
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, contributing to about 50% of cardiovascular events worldwide and 37% of cardiovascular-related deaths in Western populations. Epidemiological studies suggest that cocoa-rich products reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Flavanols found in cocoa have been shown to increase the formation of endothelial nitric oxide which promotes vasodilation and therefore blood pressure reduction. Here we update previous meta-analyses on the effect of cocoa on blood pressure...
April 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439596/comparative-clinical-study-of-laparoscopic-and-open-surgery-in-children-with-choledochal-cysts
#14
Guoxin Song, Xiangyu Jiang, Jian Wang, Aiwu Li
To investigate the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic management of choledochal cysts compared with the open approach, even in early childhood.  Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 206 patients with choledochal cysts between June 2003 and May 2015. Of these, 104 patients underwent open cyst excision and hepaticojejunostomy (open operation [OP]) and 102 patients received laparoscopic management and hepaticojejunostomy (laparoscopic operation [LP]). The patients who underwent a laparoscopic approach were further divided by the age of 3 years...
May 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439569/the-obesity-paradox-in-kidney-disease-how-to-reconcile-it-with-obesity-management
#15
Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Connie M Rhee, Jason Chou, S Foad Ahmadi, Jongha Park, Joline Lt Chen, Alpesh N Amin
Obesity, a risk factor for de novo chronic kidney disease (CKD), confers survival advantages in advanced CKD. This so-called obesity paradox is the archetype of the reverse epidemiology of cardiovascular risks, in addition to the lipid, blood pressure, adiponectin, homocysteine, and uric acid paradoxes. These paradoxical phenomena are in sharp contradistinction to the known epidemiology of cardiovascular risks in the general population. In addition to advanced CKD, the obesity paradox has also been observed in heart failure, chronic obstructive lung disease, liver cirrhosis, and metastatic cancer, as well as in the elderly...
March 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439388/herlyn-werner-wunderlich-syndrome-with-ureteric-remnant-abscess-managed-laparoscopically-a-case-report
#16
Aurus Dourado Meneses, Walberto Monteiro Neiva Eulálio Filho, Débora Maria Ribeiro Raulino, Eduardo Bruno Lobato Martins, Sabas Carlos Vieira
Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich (HWW) syndrome is part of a spectrum of Müllerian duct anomalies that occur during embryonic development. The syndrome is characterized by uterus didelphys, obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. Only few cases of this disease were reported worldwide. We present a 23-year-old female patient with chronic pelvic pain for years. The patient was diagnosed with HWW syndrome with a history of hematocolpos and vaginoplasty at the age of 12. Five months later, she sought urgent medical care due to intense pain, and a clinical picture suggestive of peritoneal irritation...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439259/increased-biological-activity-of-aneurinibacillus-migulanus-strains-correlates-with-the-production-of-new-gramicidin-secondary-metabolites
#17
Faizah N Alenezi, Imen Rekik, Ali Chenari Bouket, Lenka Luptakova, Hedda J Weitz, Mostafa E Rateb, Marcel Jaspars, Stephen Woodward, Lassaad Belbahri
The soil-borne gram-positive bacteria Aneurinibacillus migulanus strain Nagano shows considerable potential as a biocontrol agent against plant diseases. In contrast, A. migulanus NCTC 7096 proved less effective for inhibition of plant pathogens. Nagano strain exerts biocontrol activity against some gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, fungi and oomycetes through the production of gramicidin S (GS). Apart from the antibiotic effects, GS increases the rate of evaporation from the plant surface, reducing periods of surface wetness and thereby indirectly inhibiting spore germination...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439167/comparative-evaluation-of-c-reactive-protein-and-wbc-count-in-fascial-space-infections-of-odontogenic-origin
#18
Ravikiran Bagul, Sanjay Chandan, Vikrant Dilip Sane, Sujay Patil, Dinesh Yadav
PURPOSE: To assess efficacy of C-reactive protein levels as monitoring tools for patients with fascial space infections of odontogenic origin. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A randomized prospective study was conducted on 20 patients suffering from fascial space infection of odontogenic origin, in the department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Bharati Vidyapeeth dental college and hospital, Pune, Patients between 18 and 60 years of age of both the sexes were selected. All patients were treated and observed by the same surgeon...
June 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439166/end-stage-renal-disease-not-a-contraindication-for-minor-oral-surgery-protocol-for-the-management-of-oral-surgery-patients-with-esrd-on-hemodialysis
#19
Sneha Pendem, G Lakshmi Narayana, Poornima Ravi
OBJECTIVE: To describe a safe and effective protocol for the management of patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing minor oral surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted on all patients with ESRD who were referred for dental consultation. A definite protocol was designed in consultation with the nephrologist to minimize the risk of bleeding and wound healing complications during and after the minor surgical procedures...
June 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439067/perfluorooctanesulfonate-pfos-induced-sertoli-cell-injury-through-a-disruption-of-f-actin-and-microtubule-organization-is-mediated-by-akt1-2
#20
Ying Gao, Haiqi Chen, Xiang Xiao, Wing-Yee Lui, Will M Lee, Dolores D Mruk, C Yan Cheng
PFOS (perfluorooctanesulfonate, or perfluorooctane sulfonic acid) is an anthropogenic fluorosurfactant widely used in consumer products. While its use in Europe, Canada and the U.S. has been banned due to its human toxicity, it continues to be used in China and other developing countries as a global pollutant. Herein, using an in vitro model of Sertoli cell blood-testis barrier (BTB), PFOS was found to induce Sertoli cell injury by perturbing actin cytoskeleton through changes in the spatial expression of actin regulatory proteins...
April 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
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