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Food control management

Debbie Hinnen, Jodi Strong
Background: Patients with type 2 diabetes require treatment intensification to maintain glycemic control. Clinician reluctance, patient injection fears, hypoglycemia, weight gain, or other objections may lead to clinical inertia, whereby therapy is not intensified and patients live with uncontrolled hyperglycemia and increased risk for complications. Initiation of injectable therapy with a glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 receptor agonist and/or basal insulin is a recommended option for patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled on one or more oral agents...
May 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
Jesus D Fernandez-Bayo, Ramin Yazdani, Christopher W Simmons, Jean S VanderGheynst
The management of organic wastes is an environmental and social priority. Aerobic digestion (AED) or composting and anaerobic digestion (AD) are two organic waste management practices that produce a value-added final product. Few side-by-side comparisons of both technologies and their digestate products have been performed. The objective of this study was to compare the impact of initial feedstock properties (moisture content and/or C/N ratio) on stabilization rate by AED and AD and soil amendment characteristics of the final products...
May 14, 2018: Waste Management
Russell Dolan, William D Chey, Shanti Eswaran
Irritable bowel syndrome is a common condition that negatively impacts quality of life and results in significant health care expenditures. The vast majority of IBS patients associate their symptoms with eating. Numerous randomized, controlled trials suggest that restriction of dietary FODMAPs improves overall symptoms, abdominal pain, bloating and quality of life in more than half of IBS sufferers. There is emerging data which suggests that other diets (gluten free, guided elimination diets) might also be of benefit to IBS patients...
May 15, 2018: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Kathe E Bjork, Victoria Fields, Lindsey P Garber, Christine A Kopral
Nontyphoidal Salmonella is an important foodborne pathogen with diverse serotypes occurring in animal and human populations. The prevalence of the organism on swine farms has been associated with numerous risk factors, and although there are strong veterinary public health controls for preventing Salmonella from entering food, there remains interest in eradicating or controlling the organism in the preharvest environment. In this study, using data collected via the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Animal Health Monitoring System Swine 2012 study, we describe nontyphoidal Salmonella and specific serotype prevalence on U...
May 15, 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
Amr Abdel Raheem, Mark Johnson, David Ralph, Giulio Garaffa
INTRODUCTION: Peyronie's disease (PD) affects up to 9% of the male population. PD causes scarring of the tunica albuginea of the penis which leads to penile deformity making sexual intercourse difficult or impossible. PD also causes significant psychological, emotional and relationship difficulties for both patient and partner. Up until the licencing of Collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) (Xiapex®, Xiaflex®), surgical correction of the penile deformity was the mainstay of treatment...
May 14, 2018: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
Silvia Maria Lattanzio, Francesca Imbesi
A 34-year-old woman suffered from significant chronic pain, depression, non-restorative sleep, chronic fatigue, severe morning stiffness, leg cramps, irritable bowel syndrome, hypersensitivity to cold, concentration difficulties, and forgetfulness. Blood tests were negative for rheumatic disorders. The patient was diagnosed with Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). Due to the lack of effectiveness of pharmacological therapies in FMS, she approached a novel metabolic proposal for the symptomatic remission. Its core idea is supporting serotonin synthesis by allowing a proper absorption of tryptophan assumed with food, while avoiding, or at least minimizing the presence of interfering non-absorbed molecules, such as fructose and sorbitol...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
Lisa Garnweidner-Holme, Therese Hoel Andersen, Mari Wastvedt Sando, Josef Noll, Mirjam Lukasse
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) among women of different ethnic backgrounds provides new challenges for health care professionals, who often find it difficult to provide information about the management of this disease to such individuals. Mobile health (mHealth) may act as a useful tool for blood sugar control and care process enhancement. However, little is known about health care professionals' experiences and attitudes toward the use of mHealth for women with GDM...
May 14, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Florencia Palottini, María C Estravis Barcala, Walter M Farina
Learning about olfactory stimuli is essential in bumblebees' life since it is involved in orientation, recognition of nest sites, foraging efficiency and food yield for the colony as a whole. To evaluate associative learning abilities in bees under controlled environmental conditions, the proboscis extension response (PER) assay is a well-established method used in honey bees, stingless bees and successfully adapted to bumblebees of the genus Bombus . However, studies on the learning capacity of Bombus atratus (Hymenoptera: Apidae), one of the most abundant native species in South America, are non-existent...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Darin Hunt, Curtis Figley, Dammika P Manage, Jana Lauzon, Rachel Figley, Linda M Pilarski, Lynn M McMullen, Patrick M Pilarski
In this manuscript, we report the design and development of a fast, reliable instrument to run gel-based cassette polymerase chain reactions (PCR). Here termed the GelCycler Mark II, our instrument is a miniaturized molecular testing system that is fast, low cost and sensitive. Cassette PCR utilizes capillary reaction units that carry all reagents needed for PCR, including primers and Taq polymerase, except the sample, which is loaded at the time of testing. Cassette PCR carries out real time quantitative PCR followed by melt curve analysis (MCA) to verify amplicon identity at the expected melt temperature (Tm)...
2018: PloS One
Frida Lundmark Hedman, Jan Hultgren, Helena Röcklinsberg, Birgitta Wahlberg, Charlotte Berg
Farmers often have to comply with several sets of animal welfare regulations, since private standards have been developed in addition to legislation. Using an epidemiological approach, we analysed protocols from animal welfare inspections carried out in Swedish dairy herds by the County Administrative Board (CAB; official control of legislation) and by the dairy company Arla Foods (private control of Arlagården standard) during 2010⁻2013 in the county of Västra Götaland. CAB and Arla inspections were not carried out simultaneously...
May 8, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Yongkuk Lee, Connor Howe, Saswat Mishra, Dong Sup Lee, Musa Mahmood, Matthew Piper, Youngbin Kim, Katie Tieu, Hun-Soo Byun, James P Coffey, Mahdis Shayan, Youngjae Chun, Richard M Costanzo, Woon-Hong Yeo
Recent wearable devices offer portable monitoring of biopotentials, heart rate, or physical activity, allowing for active management of human health and wellness. Such systems can be inserted in the oral cavity for measuring food intake in regard to controlling eating behavior, directly related to diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. However, existing devices using plastic circuit boards and rigid sensors are not ideal for oral insertion. A user-comfortable system for the oral cavity requires an ultrathin, low-profile, and soft electronic platform along with miniaturized sensors...
May 7, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Margaret D Weinroth, Brianna C Britton, Keith E Belk
Detection, reduction, and public health monitoring of foodborne pathogens has advanced in precision and efficiency as technology has progressed. Here, we look back on the evolution of food safety management and public health, and attempt to provide a view of how the technology and tools have changed, and how emerging technologies and tools may impact how we manage food safety and public health in the future. With the revolution of gene editing techniques (e.g. CRISPR-Cas9, etc.), Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) and "omics"-based technologies, along with the bioinformatics tools that go with them, we now have a very new array of tools that can impact foodborne disease management...
April 25, 2018: Meat Science
Z F Dembek, T Chekol, A Wu
During emerging disease outbreaks, public health, emergency management officials and decision-makers increasingly rely on epidemiological models to forecast outbreak progression and determine the best response to health crisis needs. Outbreak response strategies derived from such modelling may include pharmaceutical distribution, immunisation campaigns, social distancing, prophylactic pharmaceuticals, medical care, bed surge, security and other requirements. Infectious disease modelling estimates are unavoidably subject to multiple interpretations, and full understanding of a model's limitations may be lost when provided from the disease modeller to public health practitioner to government policymaker...
May 8, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
Pamela Martyn-Nemeth, Jennifer Duffecy, Cynthia Fritschi, Laurie Quinn
Little is known regarding how hypoglycemia and associated fears influence day-to-day life among adults with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) who use contemporary diabetes management strategies. To address this gap, we performed an exploratory qualitative study with five focus groups of 30 people aged 20 to 57 years with T1DM. Sessions were audiotaped and transcribed, and then analyzed. Eight themes emerged: (a) hypoglycemic worry, (b) unpredictability and loss of control, (c) contending with life stress, (d) exercise benefits and challenges, (e) a changed relationship with food, (f) sleep fears, (g) a love/hate relationship with technology, and (h) coping strategies to make it better...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
Rosie Sutherland, Tamarah Katz, Victoria Liu, Justine Quintano, Rebecca Brunner, Chai Wei Tong, Clare E Collins, Chee Y Ooi
BACKGROUND: Prescription of a high-energy, high-fat diet is a mainstay of nutrition management in cystic fibrosis (CF). However, families may be relying on energy-dense, nutrient-poor (EDNP) foods rather than nutrient-dense (ND) foods to meet dietary targets. We aimed to evaluate the relative contribution of EDNP and ND foods to the usual diets of children with CF and identify sociodemographic factors associated with higher EDNP intakes. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional comparison of children with CF aged 2-18 years and age- and gender-matched controls...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
Christoph Gottschalk, Aiko Huckauf, Arne Dübecke, Florian Kaltner, Matthias Zimmermann, Ines Rahaus, Till Beuerle
The contamination of honey with hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) is a well-known hazard for food safety. While management strategies and controls of the honey industry aim to reduce the PA levels, uncertainties remain with regard to the safety of regionally produced and marketed honey. In addition, a previous study showed large differences of results obtained after various periods of storage and apparent differences between the analytical results of different laboratories. Therefore, this study aimed at examining these uncertainties by monitoring the impact of storage on the PA and PA N-oxide (PANO) content of two freshly harvested honeys and on possible demixing effects caused by pollen settling...
May 2, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Fulian Wang, Consolatha Chambi, Zaiyuan Li, Cong Huang, Yuekun Ma, Chuanren Li, Xiaohai Tian, Frank Sangija, Mbuya Sylvain Ntambo, Onesime M Kankonda, Sumaira Hafeez, Toheed Anwar, Rahat Sharif
Bactrocera minax (Enderlein) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is a major citrus pest in China, whose artificial rearing technology of the adult is not well documented to date. In this study, we tried to determine if supplementing proteins to the adult diet could result in the enhancement of some fitness parameters of B. minax. Four feeds with varying protein source were provided as F0 (water), F1 (sucrose), F2 (sucrose + yeast), and F3 (sucrose + peptone). F0 and F1 being the control, F2 and F3 were protein food types...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Insect Science
Yonghong Zhou, Pasco B Avery, Daniel Carrillo, Rita H Duncan, Alison Lukowsky, Ronald D Cave, Nemat O Keyhani
Ambrosia beetles harbor fungal symbionts that serve as food sources for larvae and adults. These beetles lay their eggs along tunnels in xylem sapwood, which is the substrate for fungal growth. Symbiotic fungi of the genus Raffaelea found in invasive and indigenous ambrosia beetles include the highly virulent plant pathogen Raffaelea lauricola affecting members of the Lauraceae family. R. lauricola is responsible for the deaths of > 500 million trees since 2005. Infection by as few as 100 spores can kill a healthy tree within months...
May 2, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Narelle Fegan, Ian Jenson
Meat has featured prominently as a source of foodborne disease and a public health concern. For about the past 20 years the risk management paradigm has dominated international thinking about food safety. Control through the supply chain is supported by risk management concepts, as the public health risk at the point of consumption becomes the accepted outcome based measure. Foodborne pathogens can be detected at several points in the supply chain and determining the source of where these pathogens arise and how they behave throughout meat production and processing are important parts of risk based approaches...
April 20, 2018: Meat Science
Mikhail I Balonov, Larisa Chipiga, Sergei Kiselev, Malgorzata Sneve, Tamara Yankovich, Gerhard Proehl
A number of past industrial activities and accidents have resulted in contamination of large areas at many sites of the world with radioactive material, giving rise to a need for remediation. According to ICRP and IAEA such situations should be managed as existing exposure situations (ExES). Control of exposures to the public in ExES is based on the application of appropriate reference levels (RLs) for residual dose to the public. The implementation of this potentially fruitful concept for optimization of remediation in various regions is hampered by a lack of practical experience and relevant guidance...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
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