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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547738/implementing-health-promotion-activities-using-community-engaged-approaches-in-asian-american-faith-based-organizations-in-new-york-city-and-new-jersey
#1
S C Kwon, S Patel, C Choy, J Zanowiak, C Rideout, S Yi, L Wyatt, M D Taher, M J Garcia-Dia, S S Kim, T K Denholm, R Kavathe, N S Islam
Faith-based organizations (FBOs) (e.g., churches, mosques, and gurdwaras) can play a vital role in health promotion. The Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health for Asian Americans (REACH FAR) Project is implementing a multi-level and evidence-based health promotion and hypertension (HTN) control program in faith-based organizations serving Asian American (AA) communities (Bangladeshi, Filipino, Korean, Asian Indian) across multiple denominations (Christian, Muslim, and Sikh) in New York/New Jersey (NY/NJ)...
May 25, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546221/factors-associated-with-diabetes-specific-health-related-quality-of-life-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-the-global-teens-study
#2
Barbara J Anderson, Lori M Laffel, Catherine Domenger, Thomas Danne, Moshe Phillip, Carmen Mazza, Ragnar Hanas, Sheridan Waldron, Roy W Beck, Francoise Calvi-Gries, Chantal Mathieu
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to characterize diabetes-specific health-related quality of life (D-HRQOL) in a global sample of youth and young adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and to identify the main factors associated with quality of life. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The TEENs study was an international, cross-sectional study of youth, 8-25 years of age, with T1D. Participants (N = 5,887) were seen in clinical sites in 20 countries across 5 continents enrolled for 3 predetermined age groups: 8-12, 13-18, and 19-25 years of age...
May 25, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545558/from-the-epidemiology-of-hepatitis-e-virus-hev-within-the-swine-reservoir-to-public-health-risk-mitigation-strategies-a-comprehensive-review
#3
REVIEW
Morgane Salines, Mathieu Andraud, Nicolas Rose
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the causative agent of hepatitis E in humans, an emerging zoonosis mainly transmitted via food in developed countries and for which domestic pigs are recognised as the main reservoir. It therefore appears important to understand the features and drivers of HEV infection dynamics on pig farms in order to implement HEV surveillance programmes and to assess and manage public health risks. The authors have reviewed the international scientific literature on the epidemiological characteristics of HEV in swine populations...
May 25, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541931/the-role-of-constructed-wetlands-for-biomass-production-within-the-water-soil-waste-nexus
#4
C T Avellan, R Ardakanian, P Gremillion
The use of constructed wetlands for water pollution control has a long standing tradition in urban, peri-urban, rural, agricultural and mining environments. The capacity of wetland plants to take up nutrients and to filter organic matter has been widely discussed and presented in diverse fora and published in hundreds of articles. In an ever increasingly complex global world, constructed wetlands not only play a role in providing safe sanitation in decentralized settings, shelter for biodiversity, and cleansing of polluted sites, in addition, they produce biomass that can be harvested and used for the production of fodder and fuel...
May 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540743/a-review-on-cardiovascular-effects-of-newer-hypoglycemic-medications
#5
B Tate Cutshall, Jennifer D Twilla, Andrew S Olinger, Carrie S Oliphant
Cardiovascular disease is the most prevalent cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. Improvement in cardiovascular complications with glycemic control and managing cardiovascular risk factors is well established. However, the impact of hypoglycemic medications on cardiovascular disease is of increasing importance. In 2008 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued study regulations for hypoglycemic agents after rosiglitazone was shown to increase the incidence of myocardial infarction, and the European Medicines Agency provided their own guidance in 2012...
May 25, 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538421/malnutrition-is-associated-with-hiv-infection-in-children-less-than-5-years-in-bobo-dioulasso-city-burkina-faso-a-case-control-study
#6
Ghislain Gnimbar Poda, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Jane C-J Chao
Pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and malnutrition are still 2 major health issues in sub-Saharan Africa including Burkina Faso where few studies have been conducted on child malnutrition and HIV infection. This study assessed the effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in HIV infection and also compared the prevalence of malnutrition in terms of an inadequate diet, underweight, stunting, and wasting among HIV-infected and uninfected children less than 5 years in Bobo-Dioulasso city, Burkina Faso...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535127/modelling-virus-coinfection-to-inform-management-of-maize-lethal-necrosis-in-kenya
#7
Frank Hilker, Linda Allen, Vrushali Bokil, Cheryl Briggs, Zhilan Feng, Karen A Garrett, Louis Gross, Frédéric Hamelin, Michael J Jeger, Carrie Manore, Alison Power, Margaret Redinbaugh, Megan Rúa, Nik J Cunniffe
Maize lethal necrosis (MLN) has emerged as a serious threat to food security in sub-Saharan Africa. MLN is caused by coinfection with two viruses, maize chlorotic mottle virus (MCMV) and a potyvirus, often sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV). To better understand dynamics of MLN and to provide insight into disease management, we model the spread of the viruses causing MLN within and between growing seasons. The model allows for transmission via vectors, soil and seeds, as well as exogenous sources of infection. Following model parameterisation, we predict how management affects disease prevalence and crop performance over multiple seasons...
May 23, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533700/risk-management-and-regulations-for-lower-limb-medical-exoskeletons-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Yongtian He, David Eguren, Trieu Phat Luu, Jose L Contreras-Vidal
Gait disability is a major health care problem worldwide. Powered exoskeletons have recently emerged as devices that can enable users with gait disabilities to ambulate in an upright posture, and potentially bring other clinical benefits. In 2014, the US Food and Drug Administration approved marketing of the ReWalk™ Personal Exoskeleton as a class II medical device with special controls. Since then, Indego™ and Ekso™ have also received regulatory approval. With similar trends worldwide, this industry is likely to grow rapidly...
2017: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527286/-possible-oral-transmission-of-chagas-disease-among-hydrocarbons-sector-workers-in-casanare-colombia-2014
#9
Liliana Patricia Zuleta-Dueñas, Ángela Johana López-Quiroga, Fernando Torres-Torres, Oneida Castañeda-Porras
INTRODUCTION: Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent for Chagas disease, can be transmitted by oral intake of contaminated food or drinks. During epidemiological week 14 of 2014, two cases of acute Chagas disease were notified among hydrocarbons sector workers in Paz de Ariporo, Casanare. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the affected population, to establish control and prevention measures and to confirm the outbreak. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted an outbreak investigation that included the following components: a) Search for symptomatic people compatible with Chagas disease according to the case definition for their referral to medical services; b) entomological survey (192/197 houses); c) sanitary inspection and microbiological analysis of food samples; and d) study of reservoirs...
June 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522870/the-rice-production-practices-of-high-yield-and-high-nitrogen-use-efficiency-in-jiangsu-china
#10
Jiuxin Guo, Xiangyu Hu, Limin Gao, Kailiu Xie, Ning Ling, Qirong Shen, Shuijin Hu, Shiwei Guo
To face the great challenges of ensuring food security and environmental sustainability, agricultural production must be improved by high yield and high resource utilization efficiency (HYHE). We recently addressed this challenge and evaluated yield potential by surveying 735 farmers in 2008-2012 and then conducting 6 rice field experiments in 2008-2013 with large demonstration areas in 2010-2013 aimed to actualize the HYHE in Jiangsu Province, China. The survey result showed that the averaged N rate, grain yield and N partial factor productivity (PFPN) of the farmers were 336...
May 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516152/cdk4-6-inhibitors-in-cancer-therapy-a%C3%A2-novel-treatement-strategy-for-bladder-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Qi Pan, Anuja Sathe, Peter C Black, Peter J Goebell, Ashish M Kamat, Bernd Schmitz-Draeger, Roman Nawroth
Patients with metastatic bladder cancer (mBC) treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy have a limited median survival of only around 14 months [1]. Despite over 30 years of basic and clinical research, until recently no therapeutic options beyond cisplatin-based therapy had entered clinical routine and, at least in the US, none of the tested agents had been approved for second-line treatment. This has changed with the advent of immune checkpoint blockade, including especially PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors. The high response rates of 24% over a 14...
April 27, 2017: Bladder Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515483/refuges-and-host-shift-pathways-of-host-specialized-aphids-aphis-gossypii
#12
Xiang-Dong Liu, Ting-Ting Xu, Hai-Xia Lei
Polyphagous cotton-melon aphid populations usually comprise cotton- and cucurbit-specialized biotypes. Host-specialized aphids are prone to food shortages. Cucumber, the favourite food of cucurbit-specialized aphids, is usually absent during autumn and winter in Nanjing, China. Therefore, suboptimal host plants act as refuges and govern the population dynamics of this aphid. The species, growth stages and leaf ages of host plants that cotton- and cucurbit-specialized aphids potentially could use were explored in this study...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515330/post-fire-recovery-of-torpor-and-activity-patterns-of-a-small-mammal
#13
Clare Stawski, Taylor Hume, Gerhard Körtner, Shannon E Currie, Julia Nowack, Fritz Geiser
To cope with the post-fire challenges of decreased availability of food and shelter, brown antechinus (Antechinus stuartii), a small marsupial mammal, increase the use of energy-conserving torpor and reduce activity. However, it is not known how long it takes for animals to resume pre-fire torpor and activity patterns during the recovery of burnt habitat. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that antechinus will adjust torpor use and activity after a fire depending on vegetation recovery. We simultaneously quantified torpor and activity patterns for female antechinus from three adjacent areas: (i) the area of a management burn 1 year post-fire, (ii) an area that was burned 2 years prior, and (iii) a control area...
May 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510080/identifying-and-prioritizing-the-barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-community-centered-approach
#14
Allison H Oakes, Vincent S Garmo, Lee R Bone, Daniel R Longo, Jodi B Segal, John F P Bridges
OBJECTIVE: Self-management of type 2 diabetes mellitus is crucial to controlling the disease and preventing harm. Multiple factors have been identified in the literature as potential barriers and facilitators to self-management, but the magnitude and directionality of these factors are seldom studied. We sought to develop and test an instrument to identify and quantify the barriers and facilitators to self-management of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A community-centered approach was used to design, implement, and interpret the results of a stated-preference study...
May 16, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507411/cross-sectional-study-on-bovine-mastitis-and-its-associated-risk-factors-in-ambo-district-of-west-shewa-zone-oromia-ethiopia
#15
Edilu J Sarba, Getachew K Tola
AIM: A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and associated risk factors of mastitis in dairy cows. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 302 dairy cows were selected from all volunteer dairy farms in Ambo district of West Shewa Zone, Oromia region. Thorough clinical examination was made on all lactating cows for evidence of signs of clinical mastitis followed by collection of milk sample for examination of gross changes of milk secretion and California mastitis test...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506518/the-addition-of-peanuts-to-habitual-diets-is-associated-with-lower-consumption-of-savory-non-core-snacks-by-men-and-sweet-non-core-snacks-by-women
#16
Jayne A Barbour, Emilija Stojanovski, Lisa J Moran, Peter R C Howe, Alison M Coates
Snacking is associated with intakes of non-core foods which may predispose to obesity. Peanuts have potential satiety benefits and may assist with weight management; we hypothesized that peanut consumption would reduce intake of non-core snack foods due to compensation. We investigated the effects of adding peanuts to a habitual diet on snacking habits and energy intake. Sixty-one healthy participants (65±7years, body mass index 31±4kg/m(2)) consumed their habitual diet with or without peanuts (56g/d for 32 women, 84g/d for 29 men) for 12weeks each in a randomized crossover design...
April 20, 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504709/food-security-is-related-to-adult-type-2-diabetes-control-over-time-in-a-united-states-safety-net-primary-care-clinic-population
#17
M U Shalowitz, J S Eng, C O McKinney, J Krohn, B Lapin, C-H Wang, E Nodine
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Successful Type 2 diabetes management requires adopting a high nutrient-density diet made up of food items that both meet dietary needs and preferences and can be feasibly obtained on a regular basis. However, access to affordable, nutrient-dense foods often is lacking in poorer neighbourhoods. Therefore, low food security should directly impair glucose control, even when patients have full access to and utilize comprehensive medical management. The present study sought to determine whether food security is related longitudinally to glucose control, over-and-above ongoing medication management, among Type 2 diabetes patients receiving comprehensive care at a Midwestern multi-site federally qualified health centre (FQHC)...
May 15, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490893/sesame-allergy-current-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Adil Adatia, Ann Elaine Clarke, Yarden Yanishevsky, Moshe Ben-Shoshan
Sesame is an important global allergen affecting ~0.1% of the North American population. It is a major cause of anaphylaxis in the Middle East and is the third most common food allergen in Israel. We conducted a systematic review of original articles published in the last 10 years regarding the diagnosis and management of sesame allergy. Skin prick testing appears to be a useful predictor of sesame allergy in infants, although data are less consistent in older children and adults. The diagnostic capacity of serum-specific immunoglobulin E is poor, especially in studies that used oral food challenges to confirm the diagnosis...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490239/components-of-successful-staple-food-fortification-programs-lessons-from-latin-america
#19
Reynaldo Martorell, Daniel López de Romaña
BACKGROUND: There are few effectiveness evaluations of food fortification programs, and little is known about what makes programs successful. OBJECTIVE: We examined 3 food fortification programs in Latin America to identify common features that might explain their success and to draw lessons for program design and implementation everywhere: The vitamin A fortification of sugar in Guatemala with impact on vitamin A status of the population, the fortification of a basket of foods with iron and other micronutrients in Costa Rica with impact on iron status and anemia in women and children, and the fortification of wheat flour with folic acid in Chile, which reduced the incidence of neural tube defects...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487842/dietary-primary-prevention-of-allergic-diseases-in-children-the-philippine-guidelines
#20
REVIEW
Marysia Stella T Recto, Maria Lourdes G Genuino, Mary Anne R Castor, Roxanne J Casis-Hao, Diana R Tamondong-Lachica, Maria Imelda V Sales, Marilou G Tan, Karen S Mondonedo, Regina C Dionisio-Capulong
Allergic diseases, such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, eczema, and food allergy, are preventable diseases. Primary prevention strategies of allergic diseases have been in scrutiny. Effective prevention strategies maybe started prenatally, postnatally, during infancy, and even during childhood. These guidelines have been prepared by the Philippine Society of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology and the Philippine Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. They aim to provide evidence-based recommendations for the dietary primary prevention of allergic diseases in children...
April 2017: Asia Pacific Allergy
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