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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933696/a-novel-topical-wound-therapy-delivery-system
#1
Ingrid Herskovitz, Flor E MacQuhae, Luis J Borda, Stephanie Bhagwandin, Juan A Paredes, Thais Polanco, John C Lantis, Paul J Kim, Tania J Phillips, Robert S Kirsner
INTRODUCTION: Wound care dressings have evolved over time, from bandaging to the development of occlusive dressings to negative pressure wound therapy. A novel therapeutic delivery system dressing has been cleared by the United States Food and Drug Administration. This semi occlusive wound dressing has been developed to provide local, continuous delivery of aqueous topical agents, such as therapeutics (anesthetics, antiseptics, antibiotics, steroids, topical beta-blockers, immune modulatory agents, growth factors, and fibrinolytic agents, among others), at a rate of about ¾ mL per day, thus maintaining a hydrated environment and providing topical treatment...
September 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933306/diet-bioactive-compounds-implications-for-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-in-the-vascular-system
#2
Morena Gabriele, Laura Pucci
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence has demonstrated that dietary products and their active components are independently or jointly responsible for the apparent reduction of the cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) risk. DISCUSSION: Nowadays, there is a growing attention in the use of nutraceuticals as a new approach for the prevention and management of many diseases, as well as for controlling rising of chronic illnesses with minimal side effects. Food-derived peptides, as well as peptide-rich protein hydrolysates, represent new and valuable tools for the prevention of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, acting as modulators of oxidative stress, inflammation, and overactivity of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS)...
September 21, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929676/-understanding-and-development-strategy-of-health-food-containing-chinese-materia-medica
#3
REVIEW
Lin-Yuan Wang, Jian-Jun Zhang, Chun Wang, Jing-Xia Wang, Ying-Li Zhu, Jia Wang, Xue-Min Gao
Health food containing Chinese materia medica (CMM) conforms to the development demands of the age of big health and the theory of preventive treatment. In the view of health care and improvement of resisting diseases, it plays an important role in the market. It is very necessary to have further study and discussion on health food containing CMM. First of all, by comparing, analyzing and summarizing, the health food containing CMM could be defined as the health food which is qualified in security and functionality evaluation, with the traditional Chinese medicines(TCM) within TCM standards as the main raw materials, and the formulation-composition is based on the theory of TCM...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929096/contaminants-in-foods-of-animal-origin-in-cameroon-a-one-health-vision-for-risk-management-from-farm-to-fork
#4
REVIEW
Guy B Pouokam, B U Saha Foudjo, Chi Samuel, Philomina Fankam Yamgai, A Kamda Silapeux, Joel Taguemkam Sando, G Fankam Atonde, Chiara Frazzoli
Foods of animal origin represent an important share in the diet of Cameroonian populations. Cameroon is known to be a food basket in the west and central Africa sub-region, and an important supplier of foods on the international markets. In the meantime, food importation is continuously increasing to meet the high demand of a more westernized segment of the population. Cereals, fish, sea products, eggs, honey, shrimps, chicken, and feed ingredients are important share in the international trade of agricultural products...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926696/exposure-to-animal-feces-and-human-health-a-systematic-review-and-proposed-research-priorities
#5
Gauthami Penakalapati, Jenna Swarthout, Miranda J Delahoy, Lydia McAliley, Breanna Wodnik, Karen Levy, Matthew C Freeman
Humans can be exposed to pathogens from poorly managed animal feces, particularly in communities where animals live in proximity to humans. This systematic review of peer-reviewed and grey literature examines the human health impacts of exposure to poorly managed animal feces transmitted via water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH)-related pathways in low- and middle-income countries where household livestock, small-scale animal operations, and free-roaming animals are common. We identify routes of contamination by animal feces, control measures to reduce human exposure, and propose research priorities for further inquiry...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926004/where-to-next-with-animal-health-in-latin-america-the-transition-from-endemic-to-disease-free-status
#6
H Rojas, J R Romero
The Latin American and Caribbean region (LAC) is a leading global producer and exporter of animal products. Its livestock production systems are diverse, ranging from large-scale commercial enterprises to family farms. Countries in this region have sought to improve their animal health status through both public and private efforts. Despite significant advances in eradicating such diseases as foot and mouth disease and classical swine fever, other animal health challenges remain; constraining exports, causing negative economic impacts and threatening food security...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923032/big-hearts-small-hands-a-focus-group-study-exploring-parental-food-portion-behaviours
#7
Kristina Curtis, Louise Atkins, Katherine Brown
BACKGROUND: The development of healthy food portion sizes among families is deemed critical to childhood weight management; yet little is known about the interacting factors influencing parents' portion control behaviours. This study aimed to use two synergistic theoretical models of behaviour: the COM-B model (Capability, Opportunity, Motivation - Behaviour) and Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) to identify a broad spectrum of theoretically derived influences on parents' portion control behaviours including examination of affective and habitual influences often excluded from prevailing theories of behaviour change...
September 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922692/phosphodiesterase-4-inhibitors-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#8
REVIEW
Jimmy Chong, Bonnie Leung, Phillippa Poole
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with cough, sputum production or dyspnoea and a reduction in lung function, quality of life and life expectancy. Apart from smoking cessation, there are no other treatments that slow lung function decline. Roflumilast and cilomilast are oral phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitors proposed to reduce the airway inflammation and bronchoconstriction seen in COPD. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2011 and updated in 2013...
September 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919903/the-role-of-soil-solarization-in-india-how-an-unnoticed-practice-could-support-pest-control
#9
REVIEW
Harsimran K Gill, Iqbal S Aujla, Luigi De Bellis, Andrea Luvisi
Plant protection represents one of the strategies to fill the yield gap and to achieve food security, a key topic for India development. Analysis of climate risks for crops indicates that South Asia is one of the regions most exposed to the adverse impact on many plants that are relevant to inhabitants exposed to food safety risks. Furthermore, accumulation of pesticide residues in the aquatic and other ecosystems is becoming a significant threat in India. These perspectives require to develop programs of crop protection that can be feasible according to Indian rural development and pollution policy...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917225/appropriate-nutritional-management-in-patients-with-impaired-mastication-and-those-with-mild-dysphagia-a-multicenter-study-of-the-usefulness-of-novel-foods-processed-and-softened-by-enzymes
#10
Takashi Higashiguchi, Akihiro Ito, Hirofumi Nishiyama, Takashi Shigematsu, Atsuko Ishikawa, Hiroyuki Kato, Shohei Iijima, Nobuyuki Kikuchi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate the safety of iEAT (a food that is softened by heat and enzyme homogeneous permeation) and iEAT-affected nutrition parameters, e.g., nutrition intake (calculated from the consumption rate in patients with impaired mastication and those with mild dysphagia). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A multicenter, randomized, cross-over study of iEAT was conducted in 50 patients (mean age 77.0±11.0 years) with dysphagia due to Occasional aspiration (4 points on the Dysphagia Severity Scale [DSS]) or Oral problems (5 points) randomly assigned to the study diet (iEAT) or its opposite (the modified traditional [control] diet) for 1 week and then switched for 1 week to the opposing diet...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916570/dietary-poly-phenols-brown-adipose-tissue-activation-and-energy-expenditure-a-narrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Laura Mele, Guillaume Bidault, Pedro Mena, Alan Crozier, Furio Brighenti, Antonio Vidal-Puig, Daniele Del Rio
The incidence of overweight and obesity has reached epidemic proportions, making the control of body weight and its complications a primary health problem. Diet has long played a first-line role in preventing and managing obesity. However, beyond the obvious strategy of restricting caloric intake, growing evidence supports the specific antiobesity effects of some food-derived components, particularly (poly)phenolic compounds. The relatively new rediscovery of active brown adipose tissue in adult humans has generated interest in this tissue as a novel and viable target for stimulating energy expenditure and controlling body weight by promoting energy dissipation...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911749/effect-of-participatory-women-s-groups-and-counselling-through-home-visits-on-children-s-linear-growth-in-rural-eastern-india-caring-trial-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Nirmala Nair, Prasanta Tripathy, H S Sachdev, Hemanta Pradhan, Sanghita Bhattacharyya, Rajkumar Gope, Sumitra Gagrai, Shibanand Rath, Suchitra Rath, Rajesh Sinha, Swati Sarbani Roy, Suhas Shewale, Vijay Singh, Aradhana Srivastava, Anthony Costello, Andrew Copas, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Naomi Saville, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: Around 30% of the world's stunted children live in India. The Government of India has proposed a new cadre of community-based workers to improve nutrition in 200 districts. We aimed to find out the effect of such a worker carrying out home visits and participatory group meetings on children's linear growth. METHODS: We did a cluster-randomised controlled trial in two adjoining districts of Jharkhand and Odisha, India. 120 clusters (around 1000 people each) were randomly allocated to intervention or control using a lottery...
October 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906157/economic-factors-impacting-food-allergen-management-perspectives-from-the-food-industry
#13
Ruchi S Gupta, Steve L Taylor, Joseph L Baumert, Lauren M Kao, Erik Schuster, Bridget M Smith
Food allergies affect up to 8% of children in the United States and may occasionally lead to severe life-threatening reactions. Because there is currently no cure for food allergies, strict avoidance of the allergen-containing foods is the only means of preventing an allergic reaction. Consumers rely on food manufacturers to reliably track and declare the presence of food allergens in products. Over the past 10 to 20 years, the food industry has increasingly adopted allergen control approaches in its processing facilities...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905461/assessment-of-ecosystem-resilience-to-hydroclimatic-disturbances-in-india
#14
Ashutosh Sharma, Manish Kumar Goyal
Recent studies have shown an increasing trend in hydroclimatic disturbances like droughts, which are anticipated to become more frequent and intense under global warming and climate change. Droughts adversely affect the vegetation growth and crop yield, which enhances the risks to food security for a country like India with over 1.2 billion people to feed. Here, we compared the response of terrestrial net primary productivity (NPP) to hydroclimatic disturbances in India at different scales (i.e., at river basins, land covers, and climate types) to examine the ecosystems' resilience to such adverse conditions...
September 14, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891932/inadequate-vitamin-c-status-in-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-associations-with-glycaemic-control-obesity-and-smoking
#15
Renée Wilson, Jinny Willis, Richard Gearry, Paula Skidmore, Elizabeth Fleming, Chris Frampton, Anitra Carr
Vitamin C (ascorbate) is an essential micronutrient in humans, being required for a number of important biological functions via acting as an enzymatic cofactor and reducing agent. There is some evidence to suggest that people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have lower plasma vitamin C concentrations compared to those with normal glucose tolerance (NGT). The aim of this study was to investigate plasma vitamin C concentrations across the glycaemic spectrum and to explore correlations with indices of metabolic health...
September 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891110/protein-digestion-of-baby-foods-study-approaches-and-implications-for-infant-health
#16
REVIEW
Junai Gan, Gail M Bornhorst, Bethany M Henrick, J Bruce German
Protein digestion is critical for infants. Dissimilarities between infants and adults in food intake and digestive physiology lead to distinct patterns of proteolysis between individuals. However, such differences are not well represented in many studies on protein digestion of baby foods. The complex biological structures of baby foods and the physiology of the infant digestive system are key factors affecting proteolysis during the first two years of life. Well-controlled in vitro studies have demonstrated that varying digestion conditions alter the specificity, rate, and extent of proteolysis of baby foods...
September 11, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889854/the-association-between-consumer-competency-and-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-participation-on-food-insecurity
#17
Yunhee Chang, Jinhee Kim, Swarn Chatterjee
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants exhibited lower food insecurity when they also demonstrated desirable behaviors in the areas of financial management, nutrition literacy, and conscientious food shopping. DESIGN: Using data from the US Department of Agriculture's newly launched National Household Food Acquisition and Purchase Survey, this study examined whether consumer competency is a factor that affects food insecurity...
September 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887856/cassava-brown-streak-disease-historical-timeline-current-knowledge-and-future-prospects
#18
REVIEW
Katie R Tomlinson, Andy M Bailey, Titus Alicai, Sue Seal, Gary D Foster
Cassava is the second most important staple food crop in terms of per capita calories consumed in Africa and holds potential for climate change adaptation. Unfortunately, productivity in East and Central Africa is severely constrained by two viral diseases: cassava mosaic disease (CMD) and cassava brown streak disease (CBSD). CBSD was first reported in 1936 from northeast Tanzania. For approximately seventy years CBSD was restricted to coastal East Africa and so had a relatively low impact on food security compared to CMD...
September 8, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881108/altered-oesophageal-mechanosensitivity-of-secondary-peristalsis-as-a-pathophysiological-marker-in-patients-with-globus-sensation
#19
Wei-Yi Lei, Jui-Sheng Hung, Tso-Tsai Liu, Chih-Hsun Yi, Chien-Lin Chen
OBJECTIVE: Secondary peristalsis is important for clearance of retained food bolus and refluxate from the oesophagus. We aimed to investigate whether patients with globus sensation have altered physiological characteristics of secondary peristalsis. DESIGN: Prospective case-controlled study. SETTING: Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Hualien, Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: 17 globus patients and 18 healthy controls...
September 7, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878489/rnai-technology-a-new-platform-for-crop-pest-control
#20
REVIEW
B Mamta, M V Rajam
The insect pests are big threat in meeting the food demands for future generation. The present pest control strategies, including the existing transgenic approaches show certain limitations and are not completely successful in limiting the insect pests. However, the sequence-specific gene silencing via RNA interference (RNAi) holds a great promise for effective management of agricultural pests. RNAi is naturally occurring conserved process responsible for gene regulation and defense against pathogens. The efficacy of RNAi varies among different insect orders and also depends upon various factors, including the target gene selection, method of dsRNAs delivery, expression of dsRNAs and presence of off-target effects...
July 2017: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
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