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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231689/are-children-with-asthma-in-south-korea-also-associated-with-vitamin-d-deficiency
#1
Yu-Ri Kim, Sung-Chul Seo, Young Yoo, Ji Tae Choung
Recently, epidemiologic studies have shown that the lack of vitamin D levels may be associated with high asthma prevalence, but its effect is still controversial, depending on season, area, and food consumption. We aimed to examine the association of serum vitamin D levels with the prevalence of pediatric asthma in Korea. A total of 80 children (50 asthmatic children and 30 healthy controls) aged 6-14 years were participated in this study. Serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (vitamin D) levels were measured and compared between the two groups...
February 14, 2017: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221965/explanatory-variables-associated-with-campylobacter-and-escherichia-coli-concentrations-on-broiler-chicken-carcasses-during-processing-in-two-slaughterhouses
#2
Ewa Pacholewicz, Arno Swart, Jaap A Wagenaar, Len J A Lipman, Arie H Havelaar
This study aimed at identifying explanatory variables that were associated with Campylobacter and Escherichia coli concentrations throughout processing in two commercial broiler slaughterhouses. Quantative data on Campylobacter and E. coli along the processing line were collected. Moreover, information on batch characteristics, slaughterhouse practices, process performance, and environmental variables was collected through questionnaires, observations, and measurements, resulting in data on 19 potential explanatory variables...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221958/using-a-six-sigma-fishbone-analysis-approach-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-extreme-weather-events-on-salmonella-positives-in-young-chicken-slaughter-establishments
#3
John W Linville, Douglas Schumann, Christopher Aston, Stephanie Defibaugh-Chavez, Scott Seebohm, Lucy Touhey
A six sigma fishbone analysis approach was used to develop a machine learning model in SAS, Version 9.4, by using stepwise linear regression. The model evaluated the effect of a wide variety of variables, including slaughter establishment operational measures, normal (30-year average) weather, and extreme weather events on the rate of Salmonella -positive carcasses in young chicken slaughter establishments. Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) verification carcass sampling data, as well as corresponding data from the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration and the Federal Emergency Management Agency, from September 2011 through April 2015, were included in the model...
December 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221909/effect-of-temperature-and-nutrient-concentration-on-survival-of-foodborne-pathogens-in-deciduous-fruit-processing-environments-for-effective-hygiene-management
#4
Stacey Duvenage, Lise Korsten
Temperature and good sanitation practices are important factors for controlling growth of microorganisms. Fresh produce is stored at various temperatures to ensure quality and to prolong shelf life. When foodborne pathogens survive and grow on fresh produce at storage temperatures, then additional control strategies are needed to inactivate these pathogens. The aim of this study was to determine how temperatures associated with deciduous fruit processing and storage facilities (0.5, 4, and 21°C) affect the growth and/or survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes , Salmonella enterica subsp...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221882/microbial-performance-of-food-safety-control-and-assurance-activities-in-a-fresh-produce-processing-sector-measured-using-a-microbial-assessment-scheme-and-statistical-modeling
#5
Patrick Murigu Kamau Njage, Chemutai Tonui Sawe, Cecilia Moraa Onyango, I Habib, Edmund Njeru Njagi, Marc Aerts, Geert Molenberghs
Current approaches such as inspections, audits, and end product testing cannot detect the distribution and dynamics of microbial contamination. Despite the implementation of current food safety management systems, foodborne outbreaks linked to fresh produce continue to be reported. A microbial assessment scheme and statistical modeling were used to systematically assess the microbial performance of core control and assurance activities in five Kenyan fresh produce processing and export companies. Generalized linear mixed models and correlated random-effects joint models for multivariate clustered data followed by empirical Bayes estimates enabled the analysis of the probability of contamination across critical sampling locations (CSLs) and factories as a random effect...
January 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221849/restaurant-policies-and-practices-for-serving-raw-fish-in-minnesota
#6
Nicole Hedeen
The number of restaurants serving sushi within Minnesota is continuously increasing. The practices and protocols of serving raw fish are complex and require detailed planning to ensure that food served to patrons will not cause illness. Although the popularity of sushi is increasing, there is a lack of research on food safety issues pertaining to preparation of raw fish and sushi rice. To address this gap, the Minnesota Department of Health Environmental Health Specialists Network Food program collected descriptive data on restaurant practices and policies concerning the service of raw fish and sushi rice in 40 Minnesota restaurants...
October 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221708/improved-management-of-small-pelagic-fisheries-through-seasonal-climate-prediction
#7
Désirée Tommasi, Charles A Stock, Kathleen Pegion, Gabriel A Vecchi, Richard D Methot, Michael A Alexander, David M Checkley
Populations of small pelagic fish are strongly influenced by climate. The inability of managers to anticipate environment-driven fluctuations in stock productivity or distribution can lead to overfishing and stock collapses, inflexible management regulations inducing shifts in the functional response to human predators, lost opportunities to harvest populations, bankruptcies in the fishing industry, and loss of resilience in the human food supply. Recent advances in dynamical global climate prediction systems allow for sea surface temperature (SST) anomaly predictions at a seasonal scale over many shelf ecosystems...
October 12, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217594/effectiveness-of-yoga-program-in-the-management-of-diabetes-using-community-health-workers-in-the-urban-slums-of-bangalore-city-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Hemavathi Dasappa, Farah Naaz Fathima, Rugmani Prabhakar
TRIAL DESIGN: Nonrandomized controlled trial. METHODS: Nonrandomized controlled trial. This was an interventional study that was conducted in 4 slums of Bengaluru. Of the 256 diabetes participants, only 109 people agreed to participate in the program. Of 109 people, 52 people agreed to participate in the intervention (agreed to learn and practice Yoga) while the remaining 57 people were assigned to nonintervention group. Randomization and blinding could not be done...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207744/utilization-of-smoking-cessation-medication-benefits-among-medicaid-fee-for-service-enrollees-1999-2008
#9
Jennifer Kahende, Ann Malarcher, Lucinda England, Lei Zhang, Paul Mowery, Xin Xu, Varadan Sevilimedu, Italia Rolle
OBJECTIVE: To assess state coverage and utilization of Medicaid smoking cessation medication benefits among fee-for-service enrollees who smoked cigarettes. METHODS: We used the linked National Health Interview Survey (survey years 1995, 1997-2005) and the Medicaid Analytic eXtract files (1999-2008) to assess utilization of smoking cessation medication benefits among 5,982 cigarette smokers aged 18-64 years enrolled in Medicaid fee-for-service whose state Medicaid insurance covered at least one cessation medication...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207675/acculturation-and-self-management-perceptions-among-mexican-american-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Julie Plasencia, Sharon Hoerr, Marsha Carolan, Lorraine Weatherspoon
Because type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is disproportionately high among Mexican Americans in the United States, this study examined how acculturation influences T2DM self-management, a critical component for disease outcome. Qualitative interviews of 24 low-income Mexican American patients with T2DM were matched to their biomedical and dietary data and degree of acculturation. Greater acculturation to the United States was associated with less favorable diabetes control, fiber density, leisure-time physical activity, and more physical disability...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205015/self-management-of-dietary-intake-using-mindful-eating-to-improve-dietary-intake-for-individuals-with-early-stage-chronic-kidney-disease
#11
Gayle M Timmerman, Muna J Tahir, Richard M Lewis, Deborah Samoson, Holli Temple, Michele R Forman
Using mindful eating to improve specific dietary recommendations has not been adequately studied. This feasibility study examined an intervention, self-management of dietary intake using mindful eating, with 19 participants that had mild to moderate chronic kidney disease, using a prospective, single group, pretest-posttest design. The intervention had six weekly classes focused on self-management using mindful eating, goal-setting, problem-solving, and food label reading. Weight, body mass index (BMI), 3-day 24-h dietary recalls and fasting blood samples were measured...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203282/the-role-of-dexlansoprazole-modified-release-in-the-management-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#12
REVIEW
Ronnie Fass, Rosita Frazier
Dexlansoprazole modified-release (MR) is the R-enantiomer of lansoprazole and is currently the only proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) with a novel dual delayed release (DDR) formulation. Overall, dexlansoprazole MR demonstrates a similar safety and side-effect profile as lansoprazole. Dexlansoprazole MR has been shown to be highly efficacious in healing erosive esophagitis, maintaining healed esophageal mucosa in patients with erosive esophagitis and controlling symptoms of patients with nonerosive reflux disease (NERD)...
February 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202499/dietary-phytochemical-intake-from-foods-and-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review-protocol-and-preliminary-scoping
#13
Yasmine C Probst, Vivienne X Guan, Katherine Kent
INTRODUCTION: Dietary phytochemicals are found in plant-based foods such as fruits, vegetables and grains and may be categorised in a nested hierarchical manner with many hundred individual phytochemicals identified to date. To associate phytochemical intakes with positive health outcomes, a fundamental step is to accurately estimate the dietary phytochemical intake from foods reported. The purpose of this systematic review protocol is to describe the process to be undertaken to summarise the evidence for food-based dietary phytochemical intakes and health outcomes for adults...
February 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197590/rats-urinary-metabolomes-reveal-the-potential-roles-of-functional-foods-and-exercise-in-obesity-management
#14
Mohamed A Farag, N M Ammar, T E Kholeif, N S Metwally, N M El-Sheikh, Ludger A Wessjohann, A Z Abdel-Hamid
The complexity of the metabolic changes in obese individuals still presents a challenge for the understanding of obesity-related metabolic disruptions and for obesity management. In this study, a gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) based metabolomics approach targeting urine metabolism has been applied to assess the potential roles of functional foods and exercise for obesity management in rats. Male albino rats diagnosed as obese via histopathology and biochemical assays were administered functional foods in common use for obesity management including pomegranate, grapefruit, and red cabbage juice extracts in parallel with swimming exercise...
February 15, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194733/surgical-management-for-achalasia-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-using-the-right-gastroepiploic-artery-a-case-report
#15
Ryo Muranushi, Tatsuya Miyazaki, Hideyuki Saito, Kengo Kuriyama, Tomonori Yoshida, Yuji Kumakura, Hiroaki Honjyo, Takehiko Yokobori, Makoto Sakai, Makoto Sohda, Hiroyuki Kuwano
BACKGROUND: The right gastroepiploic artery is commonly used in coronary artery bypass grafting. Appropriate strategies are required when performing upper abdominal surgeries after the right gastroepiploic artery has been used in coronary artery bypass grafting because compressing or injuring the graft may cause myocardial ischemia and fatal arrhythmias. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of surgery for achalasia performed after coronary artery bypass grafting using the right gastroepiploic artery...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192884/myoinositol-ameliorates-high-fat-diet-and-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-in-rats-through-promoting-insulin-receptor-signaling
#16
Poovathumkal James Antony, Gopalsamy Rajiv Gandhi, Antony Stalin, Kedike Balakrishna, Erenius Toppo, Kuppusamy Sivasankaran, Savarimuthu Ignacimuthu, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi
Mimosa pudica Linn. (Mimosaceae) has been traditionally used for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in India. The present study evaluates the therapeutic efficacy of myoinositol (25 and 50mg/kg) isolated from M. pudica stem methanol extract in Triton WR-1339 induced hyperlipidemic and high-fat diet (HFD) fed-streptozotocin (STZ)-induced insulin-resistant diabetic rats. Lipid biomarkers, fasting blood glucose (FBG), changes in body weight, food and water intakes, plasma insulin, HOMA-IR, oral glucose tolerance, intraperitoneal insulin tolerance, urea, creatinine, marker enzymes of liver function, β-cell function and the expression levels of insulin receptor-induced signaling molecules were studied...
February 9, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190487/measurement-of-allergen-specific-igg-in-serum-is-of-limited-value-for-the-management-of-dogs-diagnosed-with-cutaneous-adverse-food-reactions
#17
E A Hagen-Plantinga, M H G Leistra, J D Sinke, M W Vroom, H F J Savelkoul, W H Hendriks
Conflicting results have been reported in the literature in terms of the usefulness of serological testing for IgG against food allergens in dogs with cutaneous adverse food reaction (CAFR). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the suitability of a commercially available IgG ELISA for identifying food allergens in dogs, by challenging dogs with specific food ingredients, selected on the basis of IgG reactivity in serum samples. A total of 24 adult dogs with CAFR were enrolled into the study and 16 healthy dogs were included as a control group...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188809/preventing-relapse-after-incentivized-choice-treatment-a-laboratory-model
#18
REVIEW
Mark E Bouton, Eric A Thrailkill, Cecilia L Bergeria, Danielle R Davis
Two experiments with rats examined relapse of an operant behavior that occurred after the behavior was suppressed by reinforcing (incentivizing) an alternative behavior. In the first phase, a target response (R1) was reinforced. In a treatment phase, R1 was still reinforced, but a new response (R2) was introduced and associated with a larger reinforcer. As in human contingency management treatments, incentivizing R2 this way was effective at suppressing R1. However, when R2's reinforcement was discontinued, there was a robust and immediate relapse to R1...
February 7, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187824/expression-of-bacillus-thuringiensis-cytolytic-toxin-cyt2ca1-in-citrus-roots-to-control-diaprepes-abbreviatus-larvae
#19
Sulley Ben Mahmoud, John E Ramos, Robert G Shatters, David G Hall, Stephen L Lapointe, Randall P Niedz, Pierre Rougé, Ronald D Cave, Dov Borovsky
Diaprepes abbreviatus (L.) is an important pest of citrus in the USA. Currently, no effective management strategies of D. abbreviatus exist in citriculture, and new methods of control are desperately sought. To protect citrus against D. abbreviatus a transgenic citrus rootstock expressing Bacillus thuringiensis Cyt2Ca1, an insect toxin protein, was developed using Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of 'Carrizo' citrange [Citrus sinensis (L) Osbeck Poncirus trifoliate (L) Raf]. The transgenic citrus root stock expressed the cytolytic toxin Cyt2Ca1 constitutively under the control of a 35S promoter in the transgenic Carrizo citrange trifoliate hybrid including the roots that are the food source of larval D...
March 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185607/robustness-of-plant-insect-herbivore-interaction-networks-to-climate-change-in-a-fragmented-temperate-forest-landscape
#20
K W Bähner, K A Zweig, I R Leal, R Wirth
Forest fragmentation and climate change are among the most severe and pervasive forms of human impact. Yet, their combined effects on plant-insect herbivore interaction networks, essential components of forest ecosystems with respect to biodiversity and functioning, are still poorly investigated, particularly in temperate forests. We addressed this issue by analysing plant-insect herbivore networks (PIHNs) from understories of three managed beech forest habitats: small forest fragments (2.2-145 ha), forest edges and forest interior areas within three continuous control forests (1050-5600 ha) in an old hyper-fragmented forest landscape in SW Germany...
February 10, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
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