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Stefan Bauer, Veronika Groh, Jun Wu, Alexander Steinle, Joseph H Phillips, Lewis L Lanier, Thomas Spies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Mathieu Bléry, Eric Vivier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Tirtsah Toledano, Alon Vitenshtein, Noam Stern-Ginossar, Einat Seidel, Ofer Mandelboim
Recognition of the human stress-induced ligand MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence A (MICA) by the receptor NKG2D expressed on NK cells leads to NK cell-mediated killing of the target cells. Hence, the expression of MICA must be tightly regulated, and its cell surface expression needs to be quickly downregulated to avoid inappropriate activation of immune cells. In this article, we describe a transcript variant of human MICA that has not yet been studied, which contains a 3' untranslated region of 119 nt instead of 174...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Tong Wang, Fumou Sun, Yang Wang, Jiahao Jiang, Mingzhu Pan, Minne Yuan, Hang Zhang, Xiaodian Du, Kamal Hezam, Kai Song, Min Wang, Juan Zhang
Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is one of the most common malignant cancers worldwide. The poor response of CRC to chemotherapy has whipped up the interest in targeted therapy with monoclonal antibodies for its potential efficiency. However, cetuximab, as one of the first-line targeted drugs in the treatment of CRC, has drug resistance and poor prognosis in clinic. To address this, a novel bispecific protein with CRC targeting and natural killer (NK) cell triggering was used for treatment. NK cell-mediated immunosurveillance is normally activated by the activating receptor natural killer cell receptor NK group 2, member D (NKG2D), which binds its key ligand major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-related chain A (MICA) expressed on the tumor cells...
April 2018: Journal of Immunotherapy
Y Liu, X Guo, M Xing, K Zhao, L Luo, J Du
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: British Journal of Biomedical Science
Yuichiro Uemura, Kairi Yamato, Ryo Sekiya, Takeharu Haino
Hydrogen bonding has been employed as a powerful tool for developing multi-component assemblies such as supramolecular polymers. We have prepared graphene quantum dot (GQD)-organic hybrid compounds (GQD-2b-e) by introducing 3,4,5-tri(hexadecyloxy)benzyl groups (C16) and linear chains terminated with a 2-ureido-4-[1H]-pyrimidione (UPy) moiety onto the periphery of GQD-1. GQD-2b-e formed supramolecular assemblies through hydrogen bonding between the UPy units. GPC analysis showed that GQDs with high loadings of the UPy group formed larger assemblies, and this trend was confirmed by DOSY and viscosity measurements...
March 5, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Yuk Pheel Park, Linchun Jin, Katie B Bennett, Dunrui Wang, Kristianna M Fredenburg, Jennifer E Tseng, Lung-Ji Chang, Jianping Huang, Edward K L Chan
OBJECTIVES: In accordance with the Precision Medicine Initiative, new treatment strategies for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) are needed to yield better therapeutic outcomes. The purpose of this study was to establish and validate chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cells targets in HNSCC. METHODS: Putative CAR-T antigens were identified in The Cancer Genome Atlas database. To validate antigen suitability, quantitative RT-PCR, flow cytometry, and immunofluorescent staining were performed...
March 2018: Oral Oncology
Naoko Yamada, Nahoko Kato-Kogoe, Koji Yamanegi, Hiroshi Nishiura, Yuki Fujihara, Shigeo Fukunishi, Haruki Okamura, Nobuyuki Terada, Keiji Nakasho
BACKGROUND/AIM: Hypoxia down-regulates the expression of cell surface major histocompatibility class I-related chain molecule A (MICA) without increasing its shedding. Recently, the inhibition of N-linked glycosylation was also shown to reduce the cell-surface expression of MICA. We investigated the participation of asparagine (Asn)-linked glycosylation in hypoxia-induced down-regulation of cell-surface MICA using osteosarcoma cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cell-surface expression and Asn-N-glycosylation of MICA were estimated by flow cytometry, and western blot analyses, respectively...
March 2018: Anticancer Research
Shanshan Zhang, Shuang Liu, Nan Wu, Youhua Yuan, Wenhong Zhang, Ying Zhang
As dormant phenotypic variants of bacteria, persisters account for many chronic infections affecting human health. Despite numerous studies, the role of small non-coding RNA (sRNA) in bacterial persistence has not been reported. To investigate the role of Hfq-interacting sRNA in persistence, we constructed the deletion mutants of 20 Hfq-interacting sRNAs (RyhB, GcvB, MgrR, RybB, MicF, SgrS, RprA, DicF, SsrS, FnrS, GadY, DsrA, OmrB, ArcZ, RyeB, RydC, OmrA, MicA, MicC, and ChiX) to assess their persistence capacity in uropathogenic Escherichia coli strain UTI89 and identified a new sRNA RyhB being involved in persister formation...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Yasuyuki Yokota, Hiroo Miyamoto, Akihito Imanishi, Kouji Inagaki, Yoshitada Morikawa, Ken-Ichi Fukui
It has been observed that the properties of room temperature ionic liquids near solid substrates are different from those of bulk liquids, and these properties play an important role in the development of catalysts, lubricants, and electrochemical devices. In this paper, we report microscopic studies of ionic liquid/solid interfaces performed using molecular dynamics simulations. The structural and dynamic properties of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (BMIM-TFSI) on mica and graphite interfaces were thoroughly investigated to elucidate the microscopic origins of the formation of layered structures at the interfaces...
February 19, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Sara Mastaglio, Eric Wong, Travis Perera, Jane Ripley, Piers Blombery, Mark J Smyth, Rachel Koldej, David Ritchie
Natural killer (NKs) cells provide rapid responses to viral-infected and malignant cells, including acute myeloid leukemia (AML) blasts. The balance among inhibitory and activating signals, delivered by multiple interactions between ligands on target cells and NK receptors, determines the posture of the NK cell response to either one of target cell elimination or tolerance. The aim of this work was to study the influence of the differential expression of activating and inhibitory NK receptor ligands (NKRLs) by leukemic blasts on clinical outcome in newly diagnosed AML patients...
February 27, 2018: Blood Advances
Jinzi Wu, Zhen Jin, Xiaorong Yang, Liang-Jun Yan
We previously reported that 5-methoxyindole-2-carboxylic acid (MICA) could induce preconditioning effect in the ischemic brain of rat. In the present study, we addressed the question of whether MICA could also trigger a postconditioning effect in ischemic stroke. To this end, MICA (100mgkg body weight) was injected intraperitoneally at the onset of 24 h reperfusion following 1 h ischemia in rat brain. Results indicate that stroked animals treated with MICA showed less brain infarction volume than that of vehicle-treated animals...
February 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Wester de Poel, Joris A W Münninghoff, Johannes A A W Elemans, Willem J P van Enckevort, Alan E Rowan, Elias Vlieg
Surfaces with controllable topography and chemistry were prepared to act as substrates for protein crystallization, in order to investigate the influence of these surface properties on the protein crystallization outcome. Three different methods were investigated to deposit 1,3,5-tris(10-carboxydecyloxy)benzene (TCDB) on a muscovite mica substrate to find the best route for controlled topography. Of these three, sublimation worked best. Contact angle measurements revealed that the surfaces with short exposure to the TCDB vapor (20 min or less) are hydrophilic, while surfaces exposed for 30 min or longer are hydrophobic...
February 7, 2018: Crystal Growth & Design
Xuewen Wang, Wen Fan, Ziwei Fan, Wanyu Dai, Kunlei Zhu, Shengzhe Hong, Yufei Sun, Junqiao Wu, Kai Liu
Two-dimensional semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides have been employed as key components in various electronic devices. The thermal stability of these ultrathin materials must be carefully considered in device applications because the heating caused by current flow, light absorption, or other harsh environmental conditions is usually unavoidable. In this work, we found that the substrate plays a role in modifying the thermal stability of mono- and few-layer MoS2. Triangular etching holes, which are considered to initiate from defect sites, form on MoS2 when the temperature exceeds a threshold...
February 7, 2018: Nanoscale
Chloe Xiaoyun Chan, Jonathan Zhi-Wei Gan, Hwei Chi Chong, Inderjeet Rikhraj Singh, Sean Yung Chuan Ng, Kevin Koo
BACKGROUND: We report our experience with the Minimally Invasive Chevron Akin (MICA) technique for correcting hallux valgus, and evaluate its effectiveness and associated complications. METHODS: Case series of 13 feet with mild to moderate symptomatic hallux valgus treated surgically from July 2013 to December 2014, with at least 48-months follow-up. Patients were assessed pre-operatively and post-operatively with radiographical measurements (Hallux Valgus Angle (HVA) and Intermetatarsal Angle (IMA)) and clinical scores (American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS), 36-Item Short Form Health Survery (SF-36), Visual Analog Scale (VAS))...
October 13, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Raul Torres Rodrigues, Paulo Victor Morais, Cristina S F Nordi, Michael J Schoning, José Roberto Siqueira Junior, Luciano Caseli
Algal polysaccharides (EPS) and carbon nanotubes (CNT) were adsorbed on dioctadecyldimethylammonium bromide (DODAB) Langmuir monolayers to serve as a matrix for the incorporation of urease. The physico-chemical properties of the supramolecular system as a monolayer at the air-water interface were investigated by surface pressure-area isotherms, surface potential-area isotherms, interfacial shear rheology, vibrational spectroscopy and Brewster angle microscopy. The floating monolayers were transferred to hydrophilic solid supports, quartz, mica or capacitive electrolyte-insulator-semiconductor (EIS) devices, through the Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) technique, forming mixed films, which were investigated by quartz crystal microbalance, fluorescence spectroscopy, and field-emission gun scanning electron microscopy...
February 3, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Jodie Naim-Feil, Mica Rubinson, Dominik Freche, Alexander Grinshpoon, Abraham Peled, Elisha Moses, Nava Levit-Binnun
BACKGROUND: Alterations in the dynamic coordination of widespread brain networks are proposed to underlie cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia. However, there is limited understanding of the temporal evolution of these networks and how they relate to cognitive impairment. The current study was designed to explore dynamic patterns of network connectivity underlying cognitive features of schizophrenia. METHODS: In total, 21 inpatients with schizophrenia and 28 healthy control participants completed a cognitive task while electroencephalography data were simultaneously acquired...
January 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
Sivaranjani Gali, Ravikumar K, B V S Murthy, Bikramjit Basu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study is to understand the role of yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) in achieving the desired spectrum of clinically relevant mechanical properties (hardness, elastic modulus, fracture toughness and brittleness index) and chemical solubility of mica glass ceramics. METHODS: The glass-zirconia mixtures with varying amounts of YSZ (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20wt.%) were ball milled, compacted and sintered to obtain pellets of glass ceramic-YSZ composites...
January 29, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Marie Beguinot, Marie-Melanie Dauplat, Fabrice Kwiatkowski, Guillaume Lebouedec, Lucie Tixier, Christophe Pomel, Frederique Penault-Llorca, Nina Radosevic-Robin
BACKGROUND: Tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) have been demonstrated to significantly influence prognosis and response to therapy of invasive breast cancer (IBC). Thus, it has been suggested that TIL density or/and immunophenotype could serve as biomarkers for selection of IBC patients for immunotherapy. However, much less is known about significance of TILs in breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). METHODS: We retrospectively investigated TIL density and immunophenotype in 96 pure DCIS and 35 microinvasive carcinomas (miCa)...
February 3, 2018: BMC Cancer
William P Mosenthal, Haroutioun H Boyajian, Sandra A Ham, Megan A Conti Mica
BACKGROUND: Distal radius fractures (DRFs) are the most common upper extremity fractures in adults. This study seeks to elucidate the impact age, fracture type, and patient comorbidities have on the current treatment of DRFs and risk of complications. We hypothesized that comorbidities rather than age would relate to the risk of complications in the treatment of DRFs. METHODS: A retrospective review of data was performed for patients treated between 2007 and 2014 using Truven Health MarketScan Research Databases...
January 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
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