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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441859/-dnt-cell-inhibits-the-growth-of-pancreatic-carcinoma-via-nkg2d-and-mica-pathway-in-vivo
#1
J Chen, H Xu, X X Zhu, Y Zhao, H Z Fang, J Q Zhao
Objective: To investigate the effects of natural killer group 2 member D (NKG2D) and its ligands major histocompatibility complex class Ⅰ chain-related molecules A(MICA) on DNT cell killing pancreatic carcinoma. Methods: Antibodies adsorption was used to separate DNT cell from human peripheral blood. Human pancreatic tumor models were established via implanting BXPC-3 cells into nude mice, and then mice were randomly divided mice into 3 groups, blank group, gemcitabine group and DNT group. Mice weights and mice tumor volumes were measured every 5 days...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436529/modifying-surface-forces-through-control-of-surface-potentials
#2
Ran Tivony, Jacob Klein
Combining direct surface force measurements with in situ regulation of surface potential provides an exceptional opportunity for investigating and manipulating interfacial phenomena. Recently, we studied the interaction between gold and mica surfaces in water with no added salt, while controlling the metal potential, and found that the surface charge at the metal may vary, and possibly even change its sign, as it progressively approaches the (constant-charge) mica surface [Langmuir, 2015, 31(47), 12845-12849]...
April 24, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434996/effect-of-heparin-and-heparan-sulphate-on-open-promoter-complex-formation-for-a-simple-tandem-gene-model-using-ex-situ-atomic-force-microscopy
#3
Oliver Chammas, William A Bonass, Neil H Thomson
The influence of heparin and heparan sulphate (HepS) on the appearance and analysis of open promoter complex (RPo) formation by E. coli RNA polymerase (RNAP) holoenzyme (σ(70)RNAP) on linear DNA using ex-situ imaging by atomic force microscopy (AFM) has been investigated. Introducing heparin or HepS into the reaction mix significantly reduces non-specific interactions of the σ(70)RNAP and RNAP after RPo formation allowing for better interpretation of complexes shown within AFM images, particularly on DNA templates containing more than one promoter...
April 18, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433635/prognostic-significance-and-functional-implication-of-immune-activating-receptor-nkg2d-in-gastric-cancer
#4
Fengjuan Lin, Congqi Dai, Xiaoxiao Ge, Wenbo Tang, Ying Lin, Yan Wang, Jin Li
NKG2D, an activating receptor expressed on CD8(+) T lymphocytes, serves as a co-stimulation molecule by engagement with its ligands MICA/B and ULBPs to trigger immune activation against tumors. Currently, the biological function and clinical significance of NKG2D in gastric cancer remains unexplored. The study aims to investigate the expression of NKG2D in gastric cancer in association with clinical prognosis and its biological function. Real-time PCR was used to analyze NKG2D expression in paired cancer and adjacent non-malignant tissues in 139 gastric cancer patients between 2007 and 2010 in Shanghai Cancer Center...
April 19, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432524/correlation-of-serum-mmp3-and-other-biomarkers-with-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-pilot-study
#5
Dongyi He, Qi Zhu, Quan Zhou, Qing Qi, Hongmei Sun, Liza M Zachariah, Grace Wang, John D Reveille, Yongtao Guan, Xiaodong Zhou
The studies aimed to assess a set of biomarkers for their correlations with disease activity/severity of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). A total of 24 AS patients were treated with etanercept and prospectively followed for 12 weeks. Serum levels of TNF-α, IFN-γ, TGF-β, IL6, IL15, IL17, MMP3, and MICA were measured at baseline and after treatment. The change of these biomarkers was analyzed for correlations with MRI indices for joint inflammation, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index, AS Disease Activity Score, serum CRP, and ESR...
April 22, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427234/diversity-of-the-association-of-serum-levels-and-genetic-variants-of-mhc-class-i-polypeptide-related-chain-a-with-liver-fibrosis-in-chronic-hepatitis-c
#6
Chung-Feng Huang, Ching-I Huang, Ming-Lun Yeh, Shu-Chi Wang, Kuan-Yu Chen, Yu-Min Ko, Ching-Chih Lin, Yi-Shan Tsai, Pei-Chien Tsai, Zu-Yau Lin, Shinn-Cherng Chen, Chia-Yen Dai, Jee-Fu Huang, Wan-Long Chuang, Ming-Lung Yu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Genetic variants of MHC class I polypeptide-related chain A (MICA) at rs2596542 have been associated with hepatocellular carcinoma. The linkage between serum MICA (sMICA) and liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C is elusive. RESULTS: Linear regression analysis revealed that sMICA were independently correlated to α-fetoprotein (β: 0.149; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.001, 0.003; P = 0.007)and MICA rs2596542 GG genotype (β: 0.209; 95% CI: 0.153, 0...
March 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423623/melanoma-associated-fibroblasts-decrease-tumor-cell-susceptibility-to-nk-cell-mediated-killing-through-matrix-metalloproteinases-secretion
#7
Linda Ziani, Thouraya Ben Safta-Saadoun, Johanne Gourbeix, Andrea Cavalcanti, Caroline Robert, Gilles Favre, Salem Chouaib, Jerome Thiery
Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) play a central role in the complex process of tumor-stroma interaction and promote tumor growth. Emerging evidences also suggest that these fibroblasts are involved in the alteration of the anti-tumor immune response by impacting several immune cell populations, especially through their secretion of pro-inflammatory and immunosuppressive factors in the tumor microenvironment. However, the underlying immuno-modulating mechanisms triggered by these fibroblasts are still only partially defined...
March 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421078/genetic-association-of-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-outcome-beyond-histocompatibility-genes
#8
REVIEW
Rihab Gam, Pranali Shah, Rachel E Crossland, Jean Norden, Anne M Dickinson, Ralf Dressel
The outcome of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is controlled by genetic factors among which the leukocyte antigen human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matching is most important. In addition, minor histocompatibility antigens and non-HLA gene polymorphisms in genes controlling immune responses are known to contribute to the risks associated with HSCT. Besides single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in protein coding genes, SNPs in regulatory elements such as microRNAs (miRNAs) contribute to these genetic risks...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419176/mica-diversity-and-linkage-disequilibrium-with-hla-b-alleles-in-renal-transplant-candidates-in-southern-brazil
#9
Roger Haruki Yamakawa, Patrícia Keiko Saito, Geórgia Fernanda Gelmini, José Samuel da Silva, Maria da Graça Bicalho, Sueli Donizete Borelli
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I chain-related gene A (MICA) is located centromerically to the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B. The short distance between these loci in the MHC indicates the presence of linkage disequilibrium (LD). Similarly to the HLA, the MICA is highly polymorphic, and this polymorphism has not been well documented in different populations. In this study, we estimated the allelic frequencies of MICA and the linkage disequilibrium with HLA-B alleles in 346 renal-transplant candidates in southern Brazil...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417047/clinical-significance-of-snp-rs2596542-in-histocompatibility-complex-class-i-related-gene-a-promoter-region-among-hepatitis-c-virus-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cases
#10
Amal A Mohamed, Ola M Elsaid, Eman A Amer, Heba H Elosaily, Mohamed I Sleem, Shawkat S Gerges, Mohamed A Saleh, Amal El Shimy, Yasmine S El Abd
The major histocompatibility complex class I-related gene A (MICA) is an antigen induced by stress and performs an integral role in immune responses as an anti-infectious and antitumor agent. This work was designed to investigate whether (SNP) rs2596542C/T in MICA promoter region is predictive of liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or not. Forty-seven healthy controls and 94 HCV-infected patients, subdivided into 47 LC and 47 HCC subjects were enrolled in this study. SNP association was studied using real time PCR and soluble serum MICA concentration was measured using ELISA...
July 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413816/spectroscopic-and-afm-characterization-of-polypeptide-surface-interactions-controls-and-lipid-quantitative-analyses
#11
Øyvind Strømland, Ørjan S Handegård, Morten L Govasli, Hanzhen Wen, Samuel Furse, Øyvind Halskau
This article is related to http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbamem.2017.01.005 (Ø. Strømland, Ø.S. Handegård, M.L. Govasli, H. Wen, Ø. Halskau, 2017) [1]. In protein and polypeptide-membrane interaction studies, negatively charged lipids are often used as they are a known driver for membrane interaction. When using fluorescence spectroscopy and CD as indicators of polypeptide binding and conformational change, respectively, the effect of zwitterionic lipids only should be documented. The present data documents several aspects of how two engineered polypeptides (A-Cage-C and A-Lnk-C) derived from the membrane associating protein alpha-Lactalbumin affects and are affected by the presence of zwitterionic bilayers in the form of vesicles...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406530/pseudoepitheliomatous-keratotic-and-micaceous-balanitis-treated-with-topical-5-fluorouracil-and-liquid-nitrogen
#12
K J L Choo, S K Ng, C S Sim, S W N Cheng
Pseudoepitheliomatous keratotic and micaceous balanitis (PKMB) is an uncommon premalignant condition involving the glans penis. We report the case of an 86-year-old man who presented with phimosis and pain on retracting his foreskin. He had previously undergone circumcision, which revealed a hyperkeratotic plaque with thin mica-like scales involving his glans penis. Histology of the lesion showed hyperkeratosis, parakeratosis, epidermal acanthosis and papillomatosis with no evidence of dysplasia. Immunohistochemistry for human papillomavirus was negative...
April 13, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404876/increasing-timp3-expression-by-hypomethylating-agents-diminishes-soluble-mica-micb-and-ulbp2-shedding-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia-facilitating-nk-cell-mediated-immune-recognition
#13
Aroa Baragaño Raneros, Alfredo Minguela Puras, Ramon M Rodriguez, Enrique Colado, Teresa Bernal, Eduardo Anguita, Adela Vasco Mogorron, Alberto Chaparro Gil, Vidal-Castiñeira Jr, Leonardo Márquez-Kisinousky, Paula Díaz Bulnes, Amelia Martinez Marin, Maria Carmen García Garay, Beatriz Suarez-Alvarez, Carlos Lopez-Larrea
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a disease with great morphological and genetic heterogeneity, which complicates its prognosis and treatment. The hypomethylating agents azacitidine (Vidaza®, AZA) and decitabine (Dacogen®, DAC) have been approved for the treatment of AML patients, but their mechanisms of action are poorly understood. Natural killer (NK) cells play an important role in the recognition of AML blasts through the interaction of the activating NKG2D receptor with its ligands (NKG2DL: MICA/B and ULBPs1-3)...
March 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394610/nanotribological-characterization-of-lubricants-between-smooth-iron-surfaces
#14
Motohiro Kasuya, Kazuhito Tomita, Masaya Hino, Masashi Mizukami, Hiroyuki Mori, Seiji Kajita, Toshihide Ohmori, Atsushi Suzuki, Kazue Kurihara
We performed the resonance shear measurement (RSM) for evaluating the nanorheological and tribological properties of model lubricants, hexadecane and poly(α-olefin) (PAO), confined between iron surfaces. The twin-path surface forces apparatus (SFA) was used for determining the distance between the surfaces. The obtained resonance curves for the confined lubricants showed that the viscosity of the confined hexadecane and PAO increased due to liquid structuring when the surface separation (D) decreased to a value less than 24 and 20 nm, respectively...
April 10, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390357/quasi-one-dimensional-cyano-phenylene-aggregates-uniform-molecule-alignment-contrasts-varying-electrostatic-surface-potential
#15
Frank Balzer, Roland Resel, Arne Lützen, Manuela Schiek
The epitaxial growth of the mono-functionalized para-quaterphenylene molecule CNHP4 on muscovite mica is investigated. The vacuum deposited molecules aggregate into nanofibers of varying morphology. Due to muscovite's cm symmetry, almost mutually parallel fibers grow. Polarized light microscopy together with X-ray diffraction resolves the projected orientation of the molecules on the substrate surface and within the fibers. Several different contact planes with the substrate are detected. For all of them, the molecules orient with their long molecule axis approximately perpendicular to the grooved muscovite direction, so that the alignment of the molecules on the substrate is uniform...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383557/silencing-nkg2d-ligand-targeting-mirnas-enhances-natural-killer-cell-mediated-cytotoxicity-in-breast-cancer
#16
Jiaying Shen, Jie Pan, Chengyong Du, Wengong Si, Minya Yao, Liang Xu, Huilin Zheng, Mingjie Xu, Danni Chen, Shu Wang, Peifen Fu, Weimin Fan
NKG2D is one of the major activating receptors of natural killer (NK) cells and binds to several ligands (NKG2DLs). NKG2DLs are expressed on malignant cells and sensitize them to early elimination by cytotoxic lymphocytes. We investigated the clinical importance of NKG2DLs and the mechanism of NKG2DL regulation in breast cancer (BC). Among the NKG2DLs MICA/B and ULBP1/2/3, the expression levels of MICA/B in BC tissues were inversely associated with the Tumor Node Metastasis stage. We first found that the high expression of MICB, but not MICA, was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival in patients with BC...
April 6, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380853/fiber-based-lensless-polarization-holography-for-measuring-jones-matrix-parameters-of-polarization-sensitive-materials
#17
Xuan Liu, Yang Yang, Lu Han, Cheng-Shan Guo
We report a fiber-based lensless holographic imaging system to realize a single-shot measurement of two dimensional (2-D) Jones matrix parameters of polarization-sensitive materials. In this system, a multi-source lensless off-axis Fresnel holographic recording geometry is adopted, and two optical fiber splitters are used to generate the multiple reference and illumination beams required for recording a four-channel angular-multiplexing polarization hologram (AMPH). Using this system and the method described in this paper, spatially resolved Jones matrix parameters of a polarization-sensitive material can be retrieved from one single-shot AMPH...
April 3, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380273/probing-effect-of-salinity-and-ph-on-surface-interactions-between-air-bubbles-and-hydrophobic-solids-implications-on-colloidal-assembly-at-air-water-interface
#18
Xin Cui, Chen Shi, Shuo Zhang, Lei Xie, Jing Liu, Dazhi Jiang, Hongbo Zeng
In this work, bubble probe atomic force microscope (AFM) was employed to quantify the interactions between two air bubbles and between an air bubble and an octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS)-hydrophobized mica under various aqueous conditions. The key parameters (e.g. surface potentials, decay length of hydrophobic attraction) were obtained by analyzing the measured forces through a theoretical model based on Reynolds lubrication theory and augmented Young-Laplace equation by including effect of disjoining pressure...
April 5, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379387/a-new-mhc-linked-susceptibility-locus-for-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-mica
#19
Raphael Carapito, Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, Irina Kotova, Meiggie Untrau, Sandra Michel, Lydie Naegely, Ismail Aouadi, Marius Kwemou, Nicodème Paul, Angélique Pichot, James Locke, Simon J Bowman, Bridget Griffiths, Kathy L Sivils, Jean Sibilia, Hidetoshi Inoko, Corinne Micelli-Richard, Gaétane Nocturne, Masao Ota, Wan-Fai Ng, Xavier Mariette, Seiamak Bahram
The association of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) with Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) alleles is quintessential of MHC-disease associations. Indeed, although disease associations with classical HLA class I and II alleles/haplotypes are amply documented, further dissection is often prevented by the strong linkage disequilibrium across the entire MHC complex. Here we study the association of pSS, not with HLA genes, but with the non-conventional MHC encoded class I gene, MICA (MHC class I chain-related gene A)...
April 4, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373273/appropriate-regulation-of-the-%C3%AF-e-dependent-envelope-stress-response-is-necessary-to-maintain-cell-envelope-integrity-and-stationary-phase-survival-in-escherichia-coli
#20
Hervé Nicoloff, Saumya Gopalkrishnan, Sarah E Ades
The alternative sigma factor σ(E) is a key component of the Escherichia coli response to cell envelope stress and is required for viability even in the absence of stress. σ(E) activity increases during entry into stationary phase suggesting an important role for σ(E) when nutrients are limiting. Elevated σ(E) activity has been proposed to activate a pathway leading to lysis of non-culturable cells that accumulate during early stationary phase. To better understand σ(E)-directed cell lysis and the role of σ(E) in stationary phase, we investigated the effects of elevated σ(E) activity in cultures grown for ten days...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
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