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Sangil Choi, Jong Hyuk Park
Wireless mesh networks (WMNs) have been considered as one of the key technologies for the configuration of wireless machines since they emerged. In a WMN, wireless routers provide multi-hop wireless connectivity between hosts in the network and also allow them to access the Internet via gateway devices. Wireless routers are typically equipped with multiple radios operating on different channels to increase network throughput. Multicast is a form of communication that delivers data from a source to a set of destinations simultaneously...
December 2, 2016: Sensors
Susan Wilde, Malcolm P Logan
The chick embryo provides a superb vertebrate model that can be used to dissect developmental questions in a direct way. Its accessibility and robustness following surgical intervention are key experimental strengths. Mica plates were the first barriers used to prevent chick limb bud initiation(1). Protocols that use aluminum foil as an impermeable barrier to wing bud or leg bud induction and or initiation are described. We combine this technique with bead placement lateral to the barrier to exogenously supply candidate endogenous factors that have been blocked by the barrier...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Kaku Goto, Dorcas A Annan, Tomoko Morita, Wenwen Li, Ryosuke Muroyama, Yasuo Matsubara, Sayaka Ito, Ryo Nakagawa, Yasushi Tanoue, Masahisa Jinushi, Naoya Kato
Pharmacotherapeutic options are limited for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recently, we identified the anti-tumor ligand MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence A (MICA) gene as a susceptibility gene for hepatitis C virus-induced HCC in a genome-wide association study (GWAS). To prove the concept of HCC immunotherapy based on the results of a GWAS, in the present study, we searched for drugs that could restore MICA expression. A screen of the FDA-approved drug library identified the anti-cancer agent vorinostat as the strongest hit, suggesting histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) as potent candidates...
December 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
S Guillous, C Bourin, B Ban D'Etat, A Benyagoub, A Cassimi, C Feierstein, E Gardés, E Giglio, S Girard, C Grygiel, A Houel, H Lebius, A Méry, I Monnet, J-M Ramillon, J Rangama, F Ropars, E Verzeroli, M Viteau, A Delobbe
An innovative experimental setup, PELIICAEN, allowing the modification of materials and the study of the effects induced by multiply charged ion beams at the nanoscale is presented. This ultra-high vacuum (below 5 × 10(-10) mbar) apparatus is equipped with a focused ion beam column using multiply charged ions and a scanning electron microscope developed by Orsay Physics, as well as a scanning probe microscope. The dual beam approach coupled to the scanning probe microscope achieves nanometer scale in situ topological analysis of the surface modifications induced by the ion beams...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Caroline Rouger, Sylvain Pagie, Séverine Derbré, Anne-Marie Le Ray, Pascal Richomme, Béatrice Charreau
Endothelial cells (ECs) are key players in inflammation and immune responses involved in numerous pathologies. Although attempts were experimentally undertaken to prevent and control EC activation, drug leads and probes still remain necessary. Natural products (NPs) from Clusiaceous and Calophyllaceous plants were previously reported as potential candidates to prevent endothelial dysfunction. The present study aimed to identify more precisely the molecular scaffolds that could limit EC activation. Here, 13 polyphenols belonging to 5 different chemical types of secondary metabolites (i...
2016: PloS One
Lucy R Griffin, Kathryn L Browning, Stuart M Clarke, Alexander M Smith, Susan Perkin, M W A Skoda, Sarah E Norman
The layering of ionic liquids close to flat, charged interfaces has been identified previously through theoretical and some experimental measurements. Here we present evidence for oscillations in ion density ('layering') in a long chain ionic liquid (1-decyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide) near the interface with mica using two complementary approaches. Neutron reflection at the ionic liquid-mica interface is used to detect structure at a single interface, and surface force balance (SFB) measurements carried out with the same ionic liquid reveal oscillatory density in the liquid confined between two mica sheets...
December 1, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Maria Pia Abruzzese, Maria Teresa Bilotta, Cinzia Fionda, Alessandra Zingoni, Alessandra Soriani, Elisabetta Vulpis, Cristiana Borrelli, Beatrice Zitti, Maria Teresa Petrucci, Maria Rosaria Ricciardi, Rosa Molfetta, Rossella Paolini, Angela Santoni, Marco Cippitelli
BACKGROUND: Anti-cancer immune responses may contribute to the control of tumors after conventional chemotherapy, and different observations have indicated that chemotherapeutic agents can induce immune responses resulting in cancer cell death and immune-stimulatory side effects. Increasing experimental and clinical evidence highlight the importance of natural killer (NK) cells in immune responses toward multiple myeloma (MM), and combination therapies able to enhance the activity of NK cells against MM are showing promise in treating this hematologic cancer...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Flavia Pinzari, Javier Cuadros, Rosario Napoli, Loredana Canfora, David Baussà Bardají
Fungi dissolve soil minerals by acidification and mechanical disruption. Dissolution may occur at the microscale (contact between fungus and mineral) and medium scale (entire mineral grains). Mineral weathering by fungi and other microorganisms is thought to be of significant global contribution, perhaps producing specific weathering signatures. We report fungal dissolution of phlogopite mica in experiments with three fungal strains (Alternaria tenuissima, Cladosporium cladosporioides, Stilbella sp.) on solid medium for 30 days at 21 °C and 96-100% relative humidity...
December 2016: Fungal Biology
WenYi Wang, Wei Tian, FaMing Zhu, LiXin Li, JinHong Cai, Fan Wang, KangLong Liu, HeKun Jin, JunLong Wang
Deletion of major histocompatibility complex class I chain-related genes A (MICA*Del) was investigated in 3,411 DNA samples from two southern Chinese Han populations (Hunan Han, HNH; Guangdong Han, GDH), two northern Chinese populations (Inner Mongolia Han, IMH; Inner Mongolia Mongol, IMM) and one southeastern Chinese Han population (Fujian Han, FJH) using an in-house polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific priming (PCR-SSP) assay, which enables direct discrimination between heterozygote and homozygote for MICA*Del...
November 2016: Annals of Human Genetics
Lidia P Sashchenko, Elena A Romanova, Olga K Ivanova, Tatiana N Sharapova, Denis V Yashin
Tag7 (PGRP-S or PGLYRP1), while possessing an antimicrobial activity, also exhibits an antitumor effect when in complex with the major heat shock protein Hsp70. The cytotoxic Tag7-Hsp70 complex is secreted by lymphocytes after interaction with the HLA-negative tumors. Previously, we have shown that IL-2 induces formation of the CD4(+) and CD8(+) cytotoxic subpopulations of human lymphocytes, which kill tumor cells through the FasL-Fas interaction. Here, we show that only the CD8(+) T cells are able to secrete the Tag7-Hsp70 complex...
November 20, 2016: IUBMB Life
M G Cappai, G Arru, M Manconi, M Muzzeddu, W Pinna
Housing and feeding practices of wild birds for conservation management of biodiversity or restocking play a crucial role in determining the survival rates of animals when released into nature. Failure in coping with the environment might be one of the main flaws captive animals can experience when put into natural habitat. The present investigation aimed at exploring feeding habits and related morphometric traits of gizzard with respective content from wild partridges in comparison with captive ones. A total of 52 hunted wild Sardinian adult partridges (Alectoris barbara barbara Bonnaterre, 1790) were used...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Sami A Goussous, Mike T L Casford, Simon A Johnson, Paul B Davies
Molecular scale information about the structure of surfactants at interfaces underlies their application in consumer products. In this study the non-linear optical technique of Sum Frequency Generation (SFG) vibrational spectroscopy has been used to investigate the structure and temporal behaviour of two cationic surfactants used frequently in hair conditioners. SFG spectra of films of behenyltrimethylammonium methosulfate (BTMS) and behenyltrimethylammonium chloride (BTAC) were recorded at the air/water interface and on glass slides following Langmuir Blodgett (LB) deposition...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Baolong Niu, Bingzhang Li, Huifang Wang, Ruijie Guo, Haijin Xu, Mingqiang Qiao, Wenfeng Li
We used protein fusion technology to transplant the Cys3-Cys4 loop of HGFI (a class I hydrophobin from Grifola frondosa) into a nonamyloidogenic hydrophobin HFBI (a class II hydrophobin from Trichoderma reesei) and replace the corresponding amino acids between Cys3 and Cys4 in this protein to identify whether this loop renders it amyloidogenic. Water contact angle (WCA) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements demonstrated that the mutant protein HFBI-AR could form amphipathic membranes by self-assembling at the hydrophilic mica and hydrophobic polystyrene surfaces...
October 29, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Damith P Rozairo, Andrew B Croll
Polymer covered emulsion droplets have a considerable number of applications ranging from active cosmetics to advance drug delivery systems. In many of these systems the emulsion droplets do not exist in isolation but interact with other drops, surfaces and particles. In a step towards understanding how these complex mechanical interactions take place, we examine the interaction between a block copolymer covered emulsion droplet (polystyrene-b-poly(ethylene oxide) (PS-PEO) covered toluene) and a flat mica interface...
November 11, 2016: Soft Matter
Megan A Conti Mica, Randy Bindra, Steven L Moran
BACKGROUND: Identify the proximity of anatomic structures during the modified Henry approach (MHA). METHODS: Distances between median nerve (MN), palmar cutaneous branch (PCB), radial artery (RA) and the flexor carpi radialis (FCR) were measured at the wrist crease (WC), 5 and 10 cm proximal in 16 fresh frozen cadavers. The FPL origin and innervation was measured. RESULTS: Most at risk was the MN proximally and the PCB distally while the RA was safe...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
F Freire, E Quiñoá, R Riguera
Dynamic poly(phenylacetylene)s (PPAs) adopt helical structures with different elongation or helical senses depending on the types of pendants. Hence, a good knowledge of the parameters that define their structures becomes a key factor in the understanding of their properties and functions. Herein, the techniques used for the study of the secondary structure of PPAs using atomic-force microscopy (AFM) are presented, with special attention directed towards the methods used for the preparation of monolayers, and their consequences in the quality of the AFM images...
November 9, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Frank Balzer, Matthias Schulz, Arne Lützen, Manuela Schiek
Oriented, fluorescing organic nanoaggregates derived from 1,4'''-dicyano-functionalized para-quaterphenylene (CNP4) are obtained upon vacuum deposition on muscovite mica. Two types of aggregates are observed with fiber- and wing-like shape, respectively, both growing along distinct substrate directions. The polarization of the emitted fluorescence, their morphology, and their electric surface potential differ, reflecting different polymorphs. The wings are chiral twins. The molecules orient within ±5° along the same direction, templated by the substrate...
November 7, 2016: Soft Matter
Daniel Fuerst, Christine Neuchel, Dietger Niederwieser, Donald Bunjes, Martin Gramatzki, Eva Wagner, Gerald Wulf, Bertram Glass, Michael Pfreundschuh, Hermann Einsele, Renate Arnold, Gernot Stuhler, Kerstin Schaefer-Eckart, Sebastian Freitag, Jochen Casper, Martin Kaufmann, Mohammed Wattad, Bernd Hertenstein, Stefan Klein, Mark Ringhoffer, Daphne Mytilineos, Chrysanthi Tsamadou, Carlheinz Mueller, Hubert Schrezenmeier, Joannis Mytilineos
MICA (MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence A) is a highly polymorphic ligand of the activating NKG2D receptor on NK-cells, γδ-T-cells and NKT-cells. MICA incompatibilities have been associated with an increased GvHD incidence and the MICA-129 (met/val) dimorphism has been shown to influence NKG2D signaling in unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (uHSCT). We investigated the effect of MICA-matching on survival after uHSCT. We sequenced 2172 patients and their respective donors for MICA. All patients and donors were high-resolution HLA-typed and matched for 10/10 (n=1379), 9/10 (n=636) or 8/10 (n=157) HLA-alleles...
November 3, 2016: Blood
Xiaobo Li, Fangfang Cui, Qingliang Feng, Gang Wang, Xiaosa Xu, Juanxia Wu, Nannan Mao, Xing Liang, Zhongyue Zhang, Jin Zhang, Hua Xu
As an anisotropic 2D layered material, rhenium disulfide (ReS2) has attracted much attention because of its unusual properties and promising applications in electronic and optoelectronic devices. However, the low lattice symmetry and interlayer decoupling of ReS2 make asymmetric growth and out-of-plane growth occur quite easily; therefore, thick flake, dendritic and flower-like structures of ReS2 have mostly been obtained previously. Here, we report on an approach based on space-confined epitaxial growth for the controlled synthesis of ReS2 films...
December 7, 2016: Nanoscale
A D Cahill, D A Hammer, S A Pikuz, T A Shelkovenko
The elliptical spectrometer described by Cahill et al. [Rev. Sci. Instrum. 85, 103114 (2014)] is designed to enable absorption X-ray spectroscopy under circumstances in which the object plasma is, itself, a relatively bright X-ray emitter. An implementation of this design was developed using a doubly curved mica crystal for X-ray dispersion. The geometry of the spectrometer was verified by ray tracing calculations assuming Bragg reflection from mica in the second order. Control of X-ray reflections from other orders was an anticipated challenge and has been attempted by means of filtering and control of the source spectrum...
October 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
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