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Ling Huang, Qinggang Gao, Ling-Dong Sun, Hao Dong, Shuo Shi, Tong Cai, Qing Liao, Chun-Hua Yan
Cesium lead halide (CsPbX3 ) perovskite has emerged as a promising low-threshold multicolor laser material; however, realizing wavelength-tunable lasing output from a single CsPbX3 nanostructure is still constrained by integrating different composition. Here, the direct synthesis of composition-graded CsPbBrx I3- x nanowires (NWs) is reported through vapor-phase epitaxial growth on mica. The graded composition along the NW, with an increased Br/I from the center to the ends, comes from desynchronized deposition of cesium lead halides and temperature-controlled anion-exchange reaction...
May 21, 2018: Advanced Materials
Alessandra Zingoni, Elisabetta Vulpis, Francesca Cecere, Maria G Amendola, Daniel Fuerst, Taron Saribekyan, Adnane Achour, Tatyana Sandalova, Ilaria Nardone, Agnese Peri, Alessandra Soriani, Cinzia Fionda, Elena Mariggiò, Maria T Petrucci, Maria R Ricciardi, Joannis Mytilineos, Marco Cippitelli, Cristina Cerboni, Angela Santoni
Natural killer (NK) cells are immune innate effectors playing a pivotal role in the immunosurveillance of multiple myeloma (MM) since they are able to directly recognize and kill MM cells. In this regard, among activating receptors expressed by NK cells, NKG2D represents an important receptor for the recognition of MM cells, being its ligands expressed by tumor cells, and being able to trigger NK cell cytotoxicity. The MHC class I-related molecule A (MICA) is one of the NKG2D ligands; it is encoded by highly polymorphic genes and exists as membrane-bound and soluble isoforms...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Liang-Jun Yan
5-Methoxyindole-2-carboxylic acid (MICA) is a potent hypoglycemic agent that inhibits gluconeogenesis in the liver. It is also a well-known inhibitor of mitochondrial dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase. MICA was extensively studied in the 1960s and 1970s and was once tested for its antidiabetic effect in diabetic Chinese hamsters, whereby MICA was shown to exhibit pronounced glucose-lowering ability while also leading to increased rate of death of the diabetic animals. Since then, MICA's potential ability in lowering blood glucose in diabetes has never been revisited...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
Megan Conti Mica, Eric R Wagner, Alexander Y Shin
The objective of this study was to validate measuring knee range of motion (ROM) from smartphone photography. Thirty-two participants (64 knees) obtained smartphone photographs of knee flexion and extension. Surgeons obtained the same photographs and goniometric measurement of ROM. ROM was measured using Adobe Photoshop. Goniometer versus digital measurements, participant versus surgeon photographs, and interobserver measurements were analyzed. The average difference in goniometer and digital photograph measurements was 5°...
2018: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
James M Campbell, Hugo K Christenson
Nucleation of ice from vapor on atmospheric aerosols has been attributed to the condensation and freezing of supercooled water in small pores. Here we use wedge pores on mica to directly observe the growth of ice in confinement prior to the growth of bulk crystals. We report a transition in behavior with a decreasing temperature: At low temperatures, the limiting step is not nucleation but a free energy barrier associated with the growth of ice through a narrow pore mouth to become a bulk phase.
April 20, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Marie-Therese Vinnars, Emma Björk, Ivan Nagaev, Ulrika Ottander, Katarina Bremme, Ulrika Holmlund, Eva Sverremark-Ekström, Lucia Mincheva-Nilsson
PROBLEM: Pre-eclampsia (PE), a severe human pregnancy disorder, is associated with exaggerated systemic inflammation, enhanced cytokine production, and increased shedding of microvesicles leading to endothelial dysfunction, coagulopathy, and extensive placenta destruction. The cause of PE is still unclear. Evidence suggests that its origin lies in the placenta and that the maternal immune system is involved. A shift in cytokine production in PE pregnancy promotes NK cell activation, suggested to be important in PE pathogenesis...
May 9, 2018: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
Subramanian Swaminathan, Shweta Kamat, Nalini Adele Pinto
The importance of antifungal agents and their clinical implications has received little attention in comparison to antibiotics, particularly in the health-care setting. However, apart from bacterial infections rising in hospitals, the incidences of fungal infections are growing with the development of resistance to conventional antifungal agents. Newer antifungal agents such as echinocandins (ECs) have been extensively studied over the past decade and are recognised as a superior treatment compared with prior antifungals as a first line of therapy in tertiary institutions...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Hiromi Saito, Takeji Umemura, Satoru Joshita, Tomoo Yamazaki, Naoyuki Fujimori, Takefumi Kimura, Michiharu Komatsu, Akihiro Matsumoto, Eiji Tanaka, Masao Ota
Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are involved in the activation and inhibition of natural killer cells. Although combinations of KIRs and HLA have been associated with spontaneous and treatment-induced clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, their roles are not fully understood in the context of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. We enrolled 787 consecutive patients with chronic HCV infection, which included 174 cases of HCC, and 325 healthy subjects to clarify the involvement of HLA-Bw and C, KIRs, and major histocompatibility complex class I chain-related gene A (MICA) gene polymorphisms (rs2596542 and rs1051792) in chronic HCV infection and HCV-related HCC...
April 13, 2018: Oncotarget
Michal Ritz, Marta Valášková
Three commercial vermiculites and these vermiculites doped with cerium dioxide nanoparticles were investigated by infrared and Raman spectroscopy. Infrared spectroscopy in middle infrared region (4000-400 cm-1 ) was supplemented by separation of overlapped spectral bands in the region of stretching vibration of hydroxyl groups. Detailed structural properties of vermiculites were completed based on the Raman spectroscopy in the spectral region between 800 and 100 cm-1 and X-ray diffraction analysis. Raman spectroscopy provided evidence of trioctahedral-dioctahedral vermiculite-mica in original vermiculite and trioctahedral phyllosilicate structures in vermiculites after precipitation procedure of cerium dioxide nanoparticles...
April 28, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Teruki Shimizu, Mako Tomogane, Masatsugu Miyashita, Osamu Ukimura, Eishi Ashihara
Human γδT cell immunotherapy is well tolerated and has shown promising results in clinical trials; however, its antitumor efficacy is limited, including results in solid tumors. Ex-vivo expanded γδT cell stimulated by zoledronic acid (ZOL) activates the γδT cell subpopulation of so called Vγ9Vδ2 T cells. To improve the clinical outcomes of Vγ9Vδ2 T cell (abbreviated as γδT cell here) immunotherapy, we aimed to increase the cytotoxicity of γδT cells by focusing on two issues: recognition of tumor cells by γδT cells and the effector (γδT cell)-to-target (tumor cell) (E/T) ratio...
2018: Oncoimmunology
Francesca Tosetti, Roberta Venè, Caterina Camodeca, Elisa Nuti, Armando Rossello, Cristina D'Arrigo, Denise Galante, Nicoletta Ferrari, Alessandro Poggi, Maria Raffaella Zocchi
Shedding of ADAM10 substrates, like TNFα, MICA or CD30, is reported to affect both anti-tumor immune response and antibody-drug-conjugate (ADC)-based immunotherapy. Soluble forms of these molecules and ADAM10 can be carried and spread in the microenvironment by exosomes released by tumor cells. We reported new ADAM10 inhibitors able to prevent MICA shedding in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), leading to recognition of HL cells by cytotoxic lymphocytes. In this paper, we show that the mature bioactive form of ADAM10 is released in exosome-like vesicles (ExoV) by HL cells and lymph node mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC)...
2018: Oncoimmunology
Kaku Goto, Jun Arai, Anthony Stephanou, Naoya Kato
Our previous genome-wide association study identified the anti-tumor ligand MHC class I polypeptide-related sequence A ( MICA ) as a susceptibility gene for hepatitis C virus-induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We subsequently proved that pharmacological restoration of membrane-bound MICA in HCC cells boosted natural killer cell-mediated anti-cancer effects, confirming that a MICA sheddase, a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 10 (ADAM10), is a therapeutic target. We here searched for approved drugs with inhibitory effects on ADAM10 in vitro , and the anti-alcoholism agent, disulfiram, was identified...
April 10, 2018: Oncotarget
Sheila López-Cobo, Carmen Campos-Silva, Amanda Moyano, Myriam Oliveira-Rodríguez, Annette Paschen, María Yáñez-Mó, María Carmen Blanco-López, Mar Valés-Gómez
BACKGROUND: Tumour-derived exosomes can be released to serum and provide information on the features of the malignancy, however, in order to perform systematic studies in biological samples, faster diagnostic techniques are needed, especially for detection of low abundance proteins. Most human cancer cells are positive for at least one ligand for the activating immune receptor NKG2D and the presence in plasma of NKG2D-ligands can be associated with prognosis. METHODS: Using MICA as example of a tumour-derived antigen, endogenously expressed in metastatic melanoma and recruited to exosomes, we have developed two immunocapture-based assays for detection of different epitopes in nanovesicles...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
Yue Shen, Ying Wang, Yuan Zhou, Chunxi Hai, Jun Hu, Yi Zhang
Electrostatic force spectroscopy (EFS) is a method for monitoring the electrostatic force microscopy (EFM) phase with high resolution as a function of the electrical direct current bias applied either to the probe or sample. Based on the dielectric constant difference of graphene oxide (GO) sheets (reduced using various methods), EFS can be used to characterize the degree of reduction of uniformly reduced one-atom-thick GO sheets at the nanoscale. In this paper, using thermally or chemically reduced individual GO sheets on mica substrates as examples, we characterize their degree of reduction at the nanoscale using EFS...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Waqar Ahmad, Paul R Ebert
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related disease characterized by loss of memory and disrupted thinking that is associated with altered energy metabolism. Variants of an important enzyme of energy metabolism, dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (dld), have been genetically linked to late-onset AD. Moreover, reduced activity of DLD-containing enzyme complexes is associated with AD progression. To understand how energy metabolism influences AD progression, we exposed C. elegans expressing human Aβ peptide to the chemical inhibitor of DLD, 2-methoxyindole-5-carboxylic acid (MICA)...
April 27, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Seiji Takeda, Toshihiro Sakurai, Shu-Ping Hui, Hirotoshi Fuda, Hitoshi Chiba
Oxidation of low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) induces development of cardiovascular disease. Recently, reports of studies using atomic force microscopy (AFM) have described that the elastic modulus of metal-induced oxidized LDLs is lower than the modulus before oxidation. However, the mechanisms of change of the elastic modulus have not been well investigated. We postulated that disorder of the LDL structure might decrease the elastic modulus. This study measured the elastic modulus of LDLs before and after enzyme treatment with V8 protease, α-chymotrypsin, and phospholipase A2 ...
April 27, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Agata Pomorska, Zbigniew Adamczyk, Małgorzata Nattich-Rak, Marta Sadowska
Adsorption kinetics of human serum albumin (HSA) at a silica substrate was studied using the QCM-D and AFM methods. Measurements were performed at pH 3.5 for various bulk suspension concentrations and ionic strengths. The QCM experimental data were compared with the dry coverage of HSA derived from AFM and from the solution of the mass transfer equation. In this way, the dynamic hydration functions and water factors of HSA monolayers were quantitatively evaluated as a function of dry coverage for various ionic strengths...
April 10, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Thomas P Forbes, Edward P Sisco, Matthew E Staymates
Infrared thermal desorption (IRTD) was coupled with direct analysis in real time mass spectrometry (DART-MS) for the detection of both inorganic and organic explosives from wipe collected samples. This platform generated discrete and rapid heating rates that allowed volatile and semi-volatile organic explosives to thermally desorb at relatively lower temperatures, while still achieving elevated temperatures required to desorb non-volatile inorganic oxidizer-based explosives. IRTD-DART-MS demonstrated the thermal desorption and detection of refractory potassium chlorate and potassium perchlorate oxidizers, compounds difficult to desorb with traditional moderate-temperature resistance-based thermal desorbers...
April 27, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Roman M Natoli, Henry Yu, Megan Conti-Mica Meislin, Pegah Abbasnia, Philip Roper, Aleksandra Vuchkovska, Xianghui Xiao, Stuart R Stock, John J Callaci
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption is a risk factor for impaired fracture healing, though the mechanism(s) by which this occurs are not well understood. Our laboratory has previously shown that episodic alcohol exposure of rodents negatively affects fracture callus development, callus biomechanics, and cellular signaling which regulates stem cell differentiation. Here, we examine whether alcohol alters chemokine expression and/or signaling activity in the mouse fracture callus during early fracture healing...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Li-Jun Xu, Qi Ma, Jin Zhu, Jian Li, Bo-Xin Xue, Jie Gao, Chuan-Yang Sun, Ya-Chen Zang, Yi-Bin Zhou, Dong-Rong Yang, Yu-Xi Shan
Castration‑resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is difficult to treat in current clinical practice. Hypoxia is an important feature of the CRPC microenvironment and is closely associated with the progress of CRPC invasion. However, no research has been performed on the immune escape of CRPC from NK cells. The present study focused on this subject. Firstly, when the CRPC cell lines C4‑2 and CWR22Rv1 were induced by hypoxia, the expression of the UL16 binding protein (ULBP) ligand family of natural killer (NK) group 2D (NKG2D; ULBP‑1, ULBP‑2 and ULBP‑3) and MHC class I chain‑related proteins A and B (MICA/MICB) decreased...
April 20, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
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