keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Bbb

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235507/blood-brain-glucose-transfer-in-alzheimer-s-disease-effect-of-glp-1-analog-treatment
#1
Michael Gejl, Birgitte Brock, Lærke Egefjord, Kim Vang, Jørgen Rungby, Albert Gjedde
There are fewer than normal glucose transporters at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in Alzheimer's disease (AD). When reduced expression of transporters aggravates the symptoms of AD, the transporters become a potential target of therapy. The incretin hormone GLP-1 prevents the decline of cerebral metabolic rate for glucose (CMRglc) in AD, and GLP-1 may serve to raise transporter numbers. We hypothesized that the GLP-1 analog liraglutide would prevent the decline of CMRglc in AD by raising blood-brain glucose transfer, depending on the duration of disease...
December 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235051/development-of-the-cns-tap-tool-for-the-selection-of-precision-medicine-therapies-in-neuro-oncology
#2
Joseph R Linzey, Bernard L Marini, Amy Pasternak, Cory Smith, Zac Miklja, Lili Zhao, Chandan Kumar-Sinha, Alyssa Paul, Nicholas Harris, Patricia L Robertson, Lindsey M Hoffman, Arul Chinnaiyan, Rajen Mody, Carl Koschmann
The number of targeted therapies utilized in precision medicine are rapidly increasing. Neuro-oncology offers a unique challenge due to the varying blood brain barrier (BBB) penetration of each agent. Neuro-oncologists face a difficult task weighing the growing number of potential targeted therapies and their likelihood of BBB penetration. We developed the CNS TAP Working Group and performed an extensive literature review for the evidence-based creation of the CNS TAP tool, which was retrospectively validated by analyzing brain tumor patients who underwent therapy targeted based on genomic results from an academic sequencing study (MiOncoseq, n = 17) or private molecular profiling (Foundation One, n = 7)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232838/design-and-synthesis-of-new-benzothiazole-compounds-as-selective-hmao-b-inhibitors
#3
Sinem Ilgın, Derya Osmaniye, Serkan Levent, Begüm Nurpelin Sağlık, Ulviye Acar Çevik, Betül Kaya Çavuşoğlu, Yusuf Özkay, Zafer Asım Kaplancıklı
In the current work a new class of novel benzothiazole-hydrazone derivatives was designed and synthesized as hMAO-B inhibitors. Structures of the obtained compounds (3a-3j) were characterized by IR, ¹H-NMR, 13C-NMR, and HRMS spectroscopic methods. The inhibitory activity of compounds (3a-3j) against hMAO-A and hMAO-B enzymes was evaluated by using an in vitro fluorometric method. According to activity results, some of the synthesized compounds displayed selective and significant hMAO-B enzyme inhibitor activity...
December 9, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232607/simultaneous-uplc-ms-ms-analysis-of-two-stable-isotope-labeled-versions-of-sucrose-in-mouse-plasma-and-brain-samples-as-markers-of-blood-brain-barrier-permeability-and-brain-vascular-space
#4
Ekram Ahmed Chowdhury, Faleh Alqahtani, Raktima Bhattacharya, Reza Mehvar, Ulrich Bickel
Blood Brain Barrier (BBB) permeability is frequently compromised in the course of diseases affecting the central nervous system (CNS). Sucrose is a low molecular weight, hydrophilic marker with slow permeability at the naive BBB and therefore one of the widely used indicators of barrier integrity. Our laboratory recently developed a highly sensitive UPLC-MS/MS method for stable isotope labeled [13C12]sucrose in biological matrices. Correction of total brain concentration for contribution of intravascular space is required in such experiments in order to accurately measure BBB permeability, and it is often accomplished by vascular perfusion with buffer solutions prior to brain sampling...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230560/non-functionalized-soft-alginate-hydrogel-promotes-locomotor-recovery-after-spinal-cord-injury-in-a-rat-hemimyelonectomy-model
#5
Kerim Hakan Sitoci-Ficici, Marina Matyash, Ortrud Uckermann, Roberta Galli, Elke Leipnitz, Robert Later, Chrysanthy Ikonomidou, Michael Gelinsky, Gabriele Schackert, Matthias Kirsch
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) and the consecutive devastating neurological sequelae have an enormous individual and economic impact. Implantation of functionalized hydrogels is a promising approach, because they can serve as a matrix for the regenerating tissue, carry and release bioactive molecules and various cell types. We already demonstrated that non-functionalized soft alginate hydrogel supported axonal outgrowth and protected neurons against oxidative stress in vitro. Here, we investigated the effects of such soft alginate hydrogels on locomotor recovery in small and large spinal cord lesions...
December 11, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229728/cas9-enhances-bacterial-virulence-by-repressing-the-regr-transcriptional-regulator-in-streptococcus-agalactiae
#6
Ke Ma, Qing Cao, Su Luo, Zhaofei Wang, Guangjin Liu, Chengping Lu, Yongjie Liu
Clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats (CRISPR) and its associated cas genes have been demonstrated to regulate self-genes and virulence in many pathogens. In this study, we found that inactivation of cas9 caused reduced adhesion and intracellular survival of the piscine Streptococcus agalactiae strain GD201008-001 and significantly decreased the virulence of this strain in zebrafish and mice. Further investigation indicated that the regR transcriptional regulator was upregulated in the Δcas9 mutant...
December 11, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228990/mannitol-and-the-blood-labyrinth-barrier
#7
Trung N Le, Brian W Blakley
BACKGROUND: Characterization of the blood labyrinth barrier (BLB) is extremely important to determine whether the BLB can be manipulated pharmacologically. However, experiments to investigate the BLB are technically difficult to perform. In this report, we demonstrated a unique method of controlling the BLB, and established the pharmacokinetics of gentamicin in perilymph, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood with and without mannitol. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled animal research project...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228979/contrasting-effect-of-the-latency-reversing-agents-bryostatin-1-and-jq1-on-astrocyte-mediated-neuroinflammation-and-brain-neutrophil-invasion
#8
Alizé Proust, Corinne Barat, Mathieu Leboeuf, Jean Drouin, Michel J Tremblay
BACKGROUND: Despite effectiveness of the combined antiretroviral therapy, HIV-1 persists in long-lived latently infected cells. Consequently, new therapeutic approaches aimed at eliminating this latent reservoir are currently being developed. A "shock and kill" strategy using latency-reversing agents (LRA) to reactivate HIV-1 has been proposed. However, the impact of LRA on the central nervous system (CNS) remains elusive. METHODS: We used human fetal astrocytes and investigated the effects of several LRA on their functional and secretory activities...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228691/berberine-attenuated-pro-inflammatory-factors-and-protect-against-neuronal-damage-via-triggering-oligodendrocyte-autophagy-in-spinal-cord-injury
#9
Hongyu Wang, Chang Liu, Xifan Mei, Yang Cao, Zhanpeng Guo, Yajiang Yuan, Ziming Zhao, Changwei Song, Yue Guo, Zhaoliang Shen
Berberine exerts neuroprotective effect in neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration disease. However, berberine effect in acute spinal cord injury is yet to be elucidated. Herein, we investigated the neuroprotective effect of berberine in spinal cord injury (SCI). Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to SCI by an intraperitoneal injection of berberine post-injury. The neurobehavioral recovery, cytokines of pro-inflammatory factors (TNF-α and IL-1β), autophagy-related proteins (LC3B, ATG16L, ATG7), and apoptosis-related protein cleaved caspase-3 were determined...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228667/metformin-ameliorates-sepsis-induced-brain-injury-by-inhibiting-apoptosis-oxidative-stress-and-neuroinflammation-via-the-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#10
Guangming Tang, Huiyun Yang, Jing Chen, Mengrao Shi, Lingqing Ge, Xuhua Ge, Guoji Zhu
Sepsis-induced brain injuries increase mortality, morbidity, cognitive impairment and lack of effective therapeutic treatment. Previous studies have suggested that metformin provides neuroprotective effects against ischemia, brain trauma and other brain damage, but whether metformin protects a septic brain remains unknown. Thus, the aim of this study is to investigate the possible effects and the mechanism of metformin against septic brain damage using the cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model. Mice were randomly divided into five groups: the Sham group, CLP group, CLP+ Met group, CLP+ vehicle group and CLP+ Met+ LY group...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228445/the-protective-effect-and-its-mechanism-of-3-n-butylphthalide-pretreatment-on-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#11
R-Y Yan, S-J Wang, G-T Yao, Z-G Liu, N Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential effect of 3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) pretreatment on the cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats and the relevant mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 90 rats was divided into three groups: Sham operation group (Sham group), ischemia-reperfusion group (I-R group), and NBP pretreatment group (NBP group 75 mg·kg-1·d-1 gavage). Pre-treatment was given once a day within 1 week before establishing the rat model of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228391/arsenic-attenuates-heparin-binding-egf-like-growth-factor-egfr-signalling-that-promotes-matrix-metalloprotease-9-dependent-astrocyte-damage-in-the-developing-rat-brain
#12
Rajesh Kushwaha, Juhi Mishra, Sachin Tripathi, Waseem Raza, Kapil Mandrah, Somendu Kumar Roy, Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay
We earlier reported that exposure to arsenic at concentrations in ground water of India attenuated glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) during brain development. Here, we validated the effects and explored mechanism in cultured astrocytes and developing rat brain. We hypothesized participation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), known to regulate GFAP. We found that arsenic inactivated EGFR, marked by reduced phospho-EGFR in astrocytes. Screening EGFR ligands revealed an arsenic-mediated attenuation in cellular and secreted-Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF)...
December 7, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225107/comparison-of-blood-brain-barrier-penetration-efficiencies-between-linear-and-cyclic-all-d-enantiomeric-peptides-developed-for-the-treatment-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Elena Schartmann, Sarah Schemmert, Tamar Ziehm, Leonie H E Leithold, Nan Jiang, Markus Tusche, N Jon Shah, Karl-Josef Langen, Janine Kutzsche, Dieter Willbold, Antje Willuweit
Alzheimer's disease (AD), until now, is an incurable progressive neurodegenerative disease. To target toxic amyloid β oligomers in AD patients' brains and to convert them into non-toxic aggregation-incompetent species, we designed peptides consisting solely of d-enantiomeric amino acid residues. The original lead compound was named D3 and several D3 derivatives were designed to enhance beneficial properties. Here, we compare four d-peptides concerning their efficiency to pass the blood-brain barrier (BBB)...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222791/isolation-and-culture-of-brain-microvascular-endothelial-cells-for-in-vitro-blood-brain-barrier-studies
#14
Hector Rosas-Hernandez, Elvis Cuevas, Susan M Lantz, Merle G Paule, Syed F Ali
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is essential to maintain the proper microenvironment for brain function. Although formed by different cell types, the endothelial cells (ECs) of the brain microvessels provide the BBB with its selective permeability. To study the BBB in vitro, EC lines as well as primary isolated ECs have been used. In this chapter, we will provide a detailed protocol on how to isolate and culture primary brain microvascular endothelial cells from different species for use as in vitro models of the BBB...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222502/pharmacokinetics-biodistribution-and-brain-retention-of-a-bispecific-antibody-based-pet-radioligand-for-imaging-of-amyloid-%C3%AE
#15
Dag Sehlin, Xiaotian T Fang, Silvio R Meier, Malin Jansson, Stina Syvänen
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have not been used as positron emission tomography (PET) ligands for in vivo imaging of the brain because of their limited passage across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). However, due to their high affinity and specificity, mAbs may be an attractive option for brain PET if their brain distribution can be facilitated. In the present study, a F(ab')2 fragment of the amyloid-beta (Aβ) protofibril selective mAb158 was chemically conjugated to the transferrin receptor (TfR) antibody 8D3 to enable TfR mediated transcytosis across the BBB...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221142/d-4f-increases-microrna-124a-and-reduces-neuroinflammation-in-diabetic-stroke-rats
#16
Ruizhuo Ning, Poornima Venkat, Michael Chopp, Alex Zacharek, Tao Yan, Xu Cui, Don Seyfried, Jieli Chen
D-4F is an apolipoprotein-A1 mimetic peptide that promotes anti-inflammatory effects. MicroRNA-124 is the most abundant brain-specific microRNA and has anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic efficacy and mechanisms of D-4F treatment of stroke in type one diabetes mellitus (T1DM) rats. Male Wistar rats were induced with T1DM, subjected to embolic middle cerebral artery occlusion and treated with PBS or D-4F (1 mg/kg i.p.) at 2, 24 and 48 hours after stroke (n=8/group). A battery of function tests, brain blood barrier (BBB) integrity, white matter changes and microRNA expression were evaluated in vivo and in vitro...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217457/focusing-on-claudin-5-a-promising-candidate-in-the-regulation-of-bbb-to-treat-ischemic-stroke
#17
REVIEW
Jianjun Lv, Wei Hu, Zhi Yang, Tian Li, Shuai Jiang, Zhiqiang Ma, Fulin Chen, Yang Yang
Claudin-5 is a tight junction (TJ) protein in the blood-brain barrier (BBB) that has recently attracted increased attention. Numerous studies have demonstrated that claudin-5 regulates the integrity and permeability of the BBB. Increased claudin-5 expression plays a neuroprotective role in neurological diseases, particularly in cerebral ischemic stroke. Moreover, claudin-5 might be a potential marker for early hemorrhagic transformation detection in ischemic stroke. In light of the distinctive effects of claudin-5 on the nervous system, we present the elaborate network of roles that claudin-5 plays in ischemic stroke...
December 4, 2017: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216683/human-perforin-gene-variation-is-geographically-distributed
#18
Robin C Willenbring, Yasuhiro Ikeda, Larry R Pease, Aaron J Johnson
BACKGROUND: Deleterious mutations in PRF1 result in lethal, childhood disease, familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis type 2 (FHL 2). However, not all mutations in PRF1 are deleterious and result in FHL 2. Currently, these nondeleterious mutations are being investigated in the onset of numerous disorders, such as lymphomas and diabetes. Yet, there is still an overwhelmingly large amount of PRF1 mutations that are not associated with disease. METHODS: We conducted a post hoc analysis of the PRF1 mutations in the coding region using the recently published Exome Aggregation Consortium genomes, Leiden Open Variation Database, NCBI SNP database, and primary literature to better understand PRF1 variation in the human population...
December 7, 2017: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215736/protective-effect-of-epigenetic-silencing-of-cyclind1-against-spinal-cord-injury-using-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-rats
#19
Yuan Wang, Qing-Jie Kong, Jin-Chuan Sun, Xi-Ming Xu, Yong Yang, Ning Liu, Jian-Gang Shi
OBJECTIVE: This study focuses on the protective effect of epigenetic silencing of CyclinD1 against spinal cord injury (SCI) using bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in rats. METHODS: Eighty-eight adult female Wistar rats were randomly assigned into the sham group, the control group, the si-CyclinD1 + BMSCs group and the BMSCs group. CyclinD1 protein and mRNA expressions after siRNA transfection were detected by western blotting and qRT-PCR. The siRNA-CyclinD1 BMSCs were transplanted into rats in the si-CyclinD1 + BMSCs group using stereotaxic method 6 h after SCI...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213304/engineering-the-human-blood-brain-barrier-in-vitro
#20
REVIEW
John J Jamieson, Peter C Searson, Sharon Gerecht
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is the interface between the vasculature and the brain, regulating molecular and cellular transport into the brain. Endothelial cells (ECs) that form the capillary walls constitute the physical barrier but are dependent on interactions with other cell types. In vitro models are widely used in BBB research for mechanistic studies and drug screening. Current models have both biological and technical limitations. Here we review recent advances in stem cell engineering that have been utilized to create innovative platforms to replicate key features of the BBB...
2017: Journal of Biological Engineering
keyword
keyword
18454
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"