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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343283/the-types-of-trust-involved-in-american-muslim-healthcare-decisions-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#1
Aasim I Padela, Liese Pruitt, Saleha Mallick
Trust in physicians and the healthcare system underlies some disparities noted among minority populations, yet a descriptive typology of different types of trust informing healthcare decisions among minority populations is limited. Using data from 13 focus groups with 102 American Muslims, we identified the types and influence of trust in healthcare decision-making. Participants conveyed four types of trust implicating their health-seeking behaviors-(I) trust in allopathic medicine, (II) trust in God, (III) trust in personal relationships, and (IV) trust in self...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343110/the-harder-they-fall-sex-and-race-ethnic-specific-suicide-rates-in-the-u-s-foreclosure-crisis
#2
Jason N Houle, Michael T Light
Previous work shows suicide rates increase during economic recessions, but little research has examined the extent to which the foreclosure crisis-a unique aspect of the Great Recession-has contributed to disparities in rising suicide rates by race and sex. We develop and test two competing hypotheses regarding the association between foreclosures and race by sex specific suicide rates. We link foreclosure data (RealtyTrac) and suicide data (CDC) from 174 metropolitan areas from 2005 to 2010 (1044 MSA-year observations) and find that-net of time invariant unobserved between-metro area differences, national time trends, and time-varying confounders-a rise in the foreclosure rate is associated with a marginal increase in suicide, but this main effect masks considerable heterogeneity across groups...
March 19, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343022/stakeholder-evaluation-of-an-online-program-to-promote-physical-activity-and-workplace-safety-for-individuals-with-disability
#3
Mara Nery-Hurwit, Laurel Kincl, Simon Driver, Brittany Heller
Individuals with disabilities face increasing health and employment disparities, including increased risk of morbidity and mortality and decreased earnings, occupational roles, and greater risk of injury at work. Thus, there is a need to improve workplace safety and health promotion efforts for people with disability. The purpose of this study was to obtain stakeholder feedback about an online program, Be Active, Work Safe, which was developed to increase the physical activity and workplace safety practices of individuals with disability...
March 11, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343000/evidence-for-similar-patterns-of-neural-activity-elicted-by-picture-and-word-based-representations-of-natural-scenes
#4
Manoj Kumar, Kara D Federmeier, Li Fei-Fei, Diane M Beck
A long-standing core question in cognitive science is whether different modalities and representation types (pictures, words, sounds, etc.) access a common store of semantic information. Although different input types have been shown to activate a shared network of brain regions, this does not necessitate that there is a common representation, as the neurons in these regions could still differentially process the different modalities. However, multi-voxel pattern analysis can be used to assess whether, e.g...
March 22, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342956/disparities-in-telephone-cpr-access-and-timing-during-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#5
Tomas Nuño, Bentley J Bobrow, Karen A Rogge-Miller, Micah Panczyk, Terry Mullins, Wayne Tormala, Antonio Estrada, Samuel M Keim, Daniel W Spaite
AIM: Spanish-only speaking residents in the United States face barriers to receiving potentially life-saving 911 interventions such as Telephone -cardiopulmonary resuscitation (TCPR) instructions. Since 2015, 911 dispatchers have placed an increased emphasis on rapid identification of potential cardiac arrest. The purpose of this study was to describe the utilization and timing of the 911 system during suspected OHCA by Spanish-speaking callers in Metropolitan Phoenix, Arizona. METHODS: The dataset consisted of suspected OHCA from 911 centers from October 10, 2010 through December 31, 2013...
March 22, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342828/-resistance-training-for-muscle-weakness-in-multiple-sclerosis-direct-versus-contralateral-approach-in-individuals-with-ankle-dorsiflexors-disparity-in-strength
#6
Andrea Manca, Maria Paola Cabboi, Daniele Dragone, Francesca Ginatempo, Enzo Ortu, Edoardo Rosario De Natale, Beniamina Mercante, Giovanni Mureddu, Guido Bua, Franca Deriu
OBJECTIVE: To compare effects of contralateral strength training (CST) versus direct strength training (DST) of the more-affected ankle dorsiflexors on muscle performance and clinical-functional outcomes in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) exhibiting inter-limb strength asymmetry. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with relapsing-remitting MS and mild-to-moderate disability (EDSS≤6) presenting with ankle dorsiflexors' strength disparity...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342801/geographic-disparities-of-pneumonia-specific-under-5-mortality-rates-in-mainland-china-from-1996-to-2015-a-population-based-study
#7
Leni Kang, Chunhua He, Lei Miao, Juan Liang, Jun Zhu, Xiaohong Li, Qi Li, Yanping Wang
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the disparities of pneumonia-specific under-5 mortality rate (PU5MR) among and within three geographic regions in Mainland China from 1996 to 2015. METHODS: We used data from China's Under-5 Child Mortality Surveillance System (U5CMSS) and grouped the study period by every two years. The Cochran-Armitage trend test and Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test were used to assess trends and differences in PU5MR among and within geographic regions...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342640/systematic-review-links-the-prevalence-of-intraductal-carcinoma-of-the-prostate-to-prostate-cancer-risk-categories
#8
Laura H Porter, Mitchell G Lawrence, Dragan Ilic, David Clouston, Damien M Bolton, Mark Frydenberg, Declan G Murphy, Carmel Pezaro, Gail P Risbridger, Renea A Taylor
Intraductal carcinoma of the prostate (IDC-P) is associated with poor prognosis. While it is often regarded as a rare pathology, the prevalence of IDC-P remains unclear, with variable reports from small and disparate patient populations. To determine how common IDC-P is across the spectrum of prostate cancer, we conducted a systematic review correlating IDC-P prevalence with prostate cancer risk. Electronic searches of the OVID Medline, PubMed, and Scopus literature databases identified 38 patient cohorts in 24 articles, which were divided between four prostate cancer risk categories (low, moderate, high, and recurrent or metastatic disease)...
March 22, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342342/radon-concentration-distributions-in-shallow-and-deep-groundwater-around-the-tachikawa-fault-zone
#9
Fumiaki Tsunomori, Tomoya Shimodate, Tomoki Ide, Hidemi Tanaka
Groundwater radon concentrations around the Tachikawa fault zone were surveyed. The radon concentrations in shallow groundwater samples around the Tachikawa fault segment are comparable to previous studies. The characteristics of the radon concentrations on both sides of the segment are considered to have changed in response to the decrease in groundwater recharge caused by urbanization on the eastern side of the segment. The radon concentrations in deep groundwater samples collected around the Naguri and the Tachikawa fault segments are the same as those of shallow groundwater samples...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342334/oncogene-addiction-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-focus-on-ros1-inhibition
#10
REVIEW
Francesco Facchinetti, Giulio Rossi, Emilio Bria, Jean-Charles Soria, Benjamin Besse, Roberta Minari, Luc Friboulet, Marcello Tiseo
Detection of molecular aberrations driving the biology and the clinical behavior of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) allows the adoption of specific therapeutic strategies dramatically impacting disease courses. Among these, ROS1 rearrangements are present in 1-2% of lung adenocarcinomas. Thanks to similarities between ALK and ROS1 oncogenes, lessons inferred from ALK can be applied to ROS1-positive NSCLC; nevertheless, disparities exist between diseases mastered by these two fusion genes. In the absence of more common genetic alterations detected in NSCLC (e...
March 12, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340230/determinants-of-opioid-prescribing-for-nonmalignant-chronic-pain-in-us-outpatient-settings
#11
Rafia S Rasu, Maureen E Knell
Study Objectives.:  Identify prescribing trends for opioid use in non-malignant chronic pain (NMCP) from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS). Determine predictors of opioid use based on patient-specific factors. Design.:  This cross-sectional study analyzed NAMCS data from 2000 to 2007. Pain medications prescribed were retrieved using NAMCS drug codes. Multivariate logistic models examined determinants of opioid prescribing among NMCP patients...
March 14, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340126/association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-access-to-care-and-quitting-smoking-with-and-without-assistance
#12
Sarah A Edwards, Russell C Callaghan, Robert E Mann, Susan J Bondy
Introduction: Socio-economic disparities in smoking rates persist, in Ontario, despite public health care and universal tobacco control policies. Mechanisms for continuing disparities are not fully understood. Unequal access or utilization of assistance for cessation may contribute. The objective of this research was to use longitudinal data on smokers to examine the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and access to care measures and assisted and unassisted quit attempts. Methods: Data were taken from 3578 smokers with at least one follow-up interview participating in the Ontario Tobacco Survey (OTS)...
March 10, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340125/the-association-of-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-identity-facets-with-smoking-dependence-motives
#13
Nathan Grant Smith, Kate Winderman, Brooke King, Ezemenari M Obasi, Lorraine R Reitzel
Introduction: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults have higher rates of smoking than heterosexual adults. LGB individuals face unique stressors, including challenges associated with having a LGB identity. The extent to which these unique stressors are related to dependence motives in LGB adult smokers, however, has not been previously explored. The current study was conducted to redress these gaps. Methods: Participants (N=52; Mage=42.8; 55.8% Black/African American) were recruited from the local community...
March 9, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340092/community-based-effectiveness-trials-as-a-means-to-disseminate-evidence-based-and-culturally-responsive-behavioral-health-interventions
#14
Flavio F Marsiglia, Patricia Dustman, Mary Harthun, Chelsea Coyne Ritland, Adriana Umaña-Taylor
This article adds to the existing knowledge about innovative community-based approaches used to reduce and eliminate behavioral health disparities. Special attention is given to culturally appropriate interventions that increase access to care and that improve the quality of behavioral health services across different geographic regions and communities. Effectiveness trials are presented as appropriate tools to translate existing efficacious interventions into real-world settings. This article describes how to transition from efficacy to effectiveness, including factors essential to consider from the perspectives of university-based research teams and community-based organizations (CBOs)...
March 14, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340082/disparities-in-health-care-quality-among-asian-children-with-special-health-care-needs
#15
Esther Son, Susan L Parish, Leah Igdalsky
There is a dearth of information on the quality of health care for Asian American children and particularly Asian children with special health care needs (CSHCN). The goal of this article was to determine whether there were disparities in quality of health care for Asian CSHCN, whose experiences have not been studied. Data were derived from the 2009-2010 National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs (ns = 355 non-Hispanic Asian children and 4,343 non-Hispanic white CSHCN). Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationship between racial identity (that is, non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic Asian) and quality of health care...
March 2, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339991/seeing-deaths-resulting-from-interpersonal-violence-as-a-function-of-state-violence-time-for-a-health-disparities-paradigm-shift
#16
Llewellyn J Cornelius
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339883/interventions-to-improve-immigrant-health-a-scoping-review
#17
Esperanza Diaz, Gaby Ortiz-Barreda, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Michelle Holdsworth, Bukola Salami, Anu Rammohan, Roger Yat-Nork Chung, Sabu S Padmadas, Thomas Krafft
: Disparities in health between immigrants and their host populations have been described across countries and continents. Hence, interventions for improving health targeting general populations are not necessarily effective for immigrants. To conduct a systematic search of the literature evaluating health interventions for immigrants; to map the characteristics of identified studies including range of interventions, immigrant populations and their host countries, clinical areas targeted and reported evaluations, challenges and limitations of the interventions identified...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339791/bridg-a-domain-information-model-for-translational-and-clinical-protocol-driven-research
#18
Lauren B Becnel, Smita Hastak, Wendy Ver Hoef, Robert P Milius, MaryAnn Slack, Diane Wold, Michael L Glickman, Boris Brodsky, Charles Jaffe, Rebecca Kush, Edward Helton
Background: It is critical to integrate and analyze data from biological, translational, and clinical studies with data from health systems; however, electronic artifacts are stored in thousands of disparate systems that are often unable to readily exchange data. Objective: To facilitate meaningful data exchange, a model that presents a common understanding of biomedical research concepts and their relationships with health care semantics is required. The Biomedical Research Integrated Domain Group (BRIDG) domain information model fulfills this need...
February 26, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339649/lgbtq-youth-and-young-adult-perspectives-on-a-culturally-tailored-group-smoking-cessation-program
#19
Neill Bruce Baskerville, Alanna Shuh, Katy Wong-Francq, Darly Dash, Aneta Abramowicz
Introduction: The prevalence of smoking among LGBTQ youth and young adults (YYAs) is much higher than that of non-LGBTQ young people. The current study explored LGBTQ YYA perceptions of a culturally tailored group smoking cessation counselling program, along with how the intervention could be improved. Methods: We conducted focus groups (n = 24) with 204 LGBTQ YYAs in Toronto and Ottawa, Canada. Open-ended questions focused on their feelings, likes and dislikes, concerns and additional ideas for a culturally tailored group cessation counselling intervention...
January 25, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339616/time-trends-in-smoking-onset-by-sex-and-race-ethnicity-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-findings-from-the-2006-2013-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health
#20
Azure B Thompson, Paul D Mowery, Jacob Kraemer Tebes, Sherry A McKee
Introduction: During the 2000s the number of adolescents who became new smokers in the United States declined while the number of young adults who did so increased. However, we do not know among which demographic groups these changes occurred. Methods: We analyzed data from the 2006 to 2013 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (n = 180 079). Multivariate linear regression models were used to assess annual trends in smoking onset and log-binomial regression models to assess changes over time in the risk of smoking onset among young adults (18- to 25-years-old) relative adolescents (12- to 17-years-old)...
January 30, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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