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Dendritic cell sarcoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645296/myd88-dependent-pro-interleukin-1%C3%AE-induction-in-dendritic-cells-exposed-to-food-grade-synthetic-amorphous-silica
#1
Hans Christian Winkler, Julian Kornprobst, Peter Wick, Lea Maria von Moos, Ioannis Trantakis, Elisabeth Maria Schraner, Barbara Bathke, Hubertus Hochrein, Mark Suter, Hanspeter Naegeli
BACKGROUND: Dendritic cells (DCs) are specialized first-line sensors of foreign materials invading the organism. These sentinel cells rely on pattern recognition receptors such as Nod-like or Toll-like receptors (TLRs) to launch immune reactions against pathogens, but also to mediate tolerance to self-antigens and, in the intestinal milieu, to nutrients and commensals. Since inappropriate DC activation contributes to inflammatory diseases and immunopathologies, a key question in the evaluation of orally ingested nanomaterials is whether their contact with DCs in the intestinal mucosa disrupts this delicate homeostatic balance between pathogen defense and tolerance...
June 23, 2017: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643685/-disseminated-interdigitating-dendritic-cell-sarcoma
#2
Ignacio M Santarelli, Mariano Veltri, Diego J Manzella, María Alejandra Avagnina, Pablo M Pereyra, Hernán C Chavín
A 70 year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a 3-month history of abdominal pain, weight loss and night sweats. On physical examination, she presented with a 5 cm diameter abdominal mass extended from epigastrium to the left flank, and at least three bilateral supraclavicular adenopathies. A disseminated interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma was diagnosed through a biopsy of the abdominal mass. After that, a CHOP regime (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone) was iniciated. She died after completion of the first cycle of treatment, six months after diagnosis...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641661/-clinical-and-pathologic-features-of-myeloid-sarcoma
#3
Ya-Jun Jiang, Hong-Xia Wang, Wan-Chuan Zhuang, Hao Chen, Chang Zhang, Xiu-Mei Li, Gui-Hua Zhu, Yao He
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinicopathologic features, differential diagnosis and therapy of myeloid sarcoma. METHODS: The clinical data including clinical manifestations, laboratorial tests, histopathologicical examination, immunohistochemistry and clinical prognosis of 10 patients with myeloid sarcoma were analyzed retrospectively. Among 10 patients, 5 male and 5 female, aged 23 to 71 years old (median = 36 years). RESULTS: 2 cases of myeloid sarcoma were secondary from chronic myeloid leukemia, and 1 cases of myeloid sarcoma occurred after the allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation due to acute myeloid leukemia, and the others lacked the anamnesis of malignancies...
June 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626593/langerhans-cell-sarcoma-a-case-report-demonstrating-morphological-and-immunophenotypical-variability-within-a-single-lesion
#4
Rasika Singh, Charles Edward Keen, Christopher Stone, Patrick Sarsfield
Langerhans cells are antigen presenting dendritic cells and tumours arising from these are rare. The tumours arising from these dendritic cells are divided into two categories according to a WHO classification: Langerhans cell histiocytosis and Langerhans cell sarcoma. It is the degree of atypia and clinical aggressiveness that distinguishes the two subtypes. Langerhans cell sarcoma (LCS) is a neoplastic proliferation of Langerhans cells which can occur in skin, bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, liver, and lung...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621320/genomic-analysis-of-follicular-dendritic-cell-sarcoma-by-molecular-inversion-probe-array-reveals-tumor-suppressor-driven-biology
#5
Erica F Andersen, Christian N Paxton, Dennis P O'Malley, Abner Louissaint, Jason L Hornick, Gabriel K Griffin, Yuri Fedoriw, Young S Kim, Lawrence M Weiss, Sherrie L Perkins, Sarah T South
Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma is a rare malignant neoplasm of dendritic cell origin that is currently poorly characterized by genetic studies. To investigate whether recurrent genomic alterations may underlie the biology of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma and to identify potential contributory regions and genes, molecular inversion probe array analysis was performed on 14 independent formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples. Abnormal genomic profiles were observed in 11 out of 14 (79%) cases. The majority showed extensive genomic complexity that was predominantly represented by hemizygous losses affecting multiple chromosomes...
June 16, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611161/follicular-dendritic-sarcoma-masquerading-as-fibrosing-mediastinitis
#6
Shashank Reddy Cingam, Majd Al Shaarani, Amol Takalkar, Prakash Peddi
Fibrosing mediastinitis (FM) is a rare disorder resulting from abnormal immunological-mediated fibro-proliferative reaction in the mediastinum. Here, we describe a case of a 46-year-old female with an incidentally found 11×9 cm posterior mediastinal mass. Multiple biopsies of this unresectable, 18-fluorodeoxyglucose avid mass revealed marked fibrosis without any evidence of malignancy, suggesting idiopathic fibrosing mediastinitis as our initial diagnosis. Multiple interventions including a trial of steroids, fluconazole, and azathioprine to target fibrosing mediastinitis were not successful...
June 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554574/p16-expression-in-follicular-dendritic-cell-sarcoma-a-potential-mimicker-of-hpv-related-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#7
Lingxin Zhang, Chen Yang, James S Lewis, Samir K El-Mofty, Rebecca D Chernock
Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm that most commonly occurs in cervical lymph nodes. It has histologic and clinical overlap with the much more common p16-positive human papillomavirus (HPV)-related squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx which characteristically has nonkeratinizing morphology and often presents as an isolated neck mass. Not surprisingly, follicular dendritic cell sarcomas are commonly misdiagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma. Immunohistochemistry is helpful in separating the two entities...
May 26, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543909/follicular-dendritic-cell-sarcoma-of-the-small-intestine-detected-by-double-balloon-enteroscopy
#8
Huiyun Zhu, Ming Chen, Yiqi Du
Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS) is extremely rare in small intestine that only four cases(1-4) were reported in English literature so far. We herein report the fifth case. A 71-year-old man with a history of colonoscopic polypectomy presented to our hospital because of left lower abdominal pain for one year. The laboratory test lack specificity. Computed tomographies (CT) scan indicated small intestinal mass, possibly lymphoma. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 25, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484155/interdigitating-dendritic-cell-sarcoma-successfully-treated-with-abvd-therapy-in-which-serum-cea-levels-correlated-with-disease-activity
#9
Reona Sakemura, Junji Hiraga, Satoshi Kitagawa, Masafumi Ito, Tomohiro Kajiguchi, Shinichi Mizuno
Interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma (IDCS) is an extremely rare neoplasm of spindle to ovoid cells with phenotypic features similar to those of interdigitating dendritic cells. No standard therapy for advanced IDCS has yet been established. According to past reports, CHOP-like regimens are often chosen as primary therapy. Herein, we report a case with advanced IDCS, for which ABVD achieved remarkable clinical improvement and serial CEA levels correlated with disease status. A 76-year-old man presented with general fatigue and pancytopenia with CEA elevation...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438212/primary-follicular-dendritic-cell-sarcoma-of-the-urinary-bladder-the-first-case-report-and-potential-diagnostic-pitfalls
#10
Guang-Jie Duan, You-Li Wu, Hui Sun, Lang Lang, Zhi-Wen Chen, Xiao-Chu Yan
BACKGROUND: Extranodal follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS) is a very rare malignancy with a variable clinical course. It is often not considered and has the potential to result in a misdiagnosis of other common sarcomas or sarcomatoid carcinomas. This is particularly true with the preoperative biopsy specimen, in which the tissue sample is often small. CASE PRESENTATION: A case of FDCS in a 63-year-old woman, arising in the urinary bladder, a previously unreported site, is described...
April 24, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422825/interdigitating-dendritic-cell-sarcoma-presenting-in-the-sigmoid-colon-mesentery-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Jianguo Zhu, Sheng Su, Jinfa Zhou, Haige Li
RATIONALE: Interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma (IDCS) is an extremely rare disease. It commonly occurs in middle-aged males and mainly involves the lymph nodes. Pathological examination plays an important role in differentiating from other tumors, but far less published literature focuses on the imaging characteristics of IDCS. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we reported a case of IDCS in a 52-year-old male involving the pelvis with medical imaging and pathologic findings...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419186/cd4-negative-variant-of-cutaneous-blastic-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cell-neoplasm-with-a-novel-pbrm1-mutation-in-an-11-year-old-girl
#12
Nuri Yigit, Luisa Fernanda Suarez, Lisa Giulino Roth, Attilio Orazi, Wayne Tam
Objectives: We report a rare case of CD4- cutaneous blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) with a novel PBRM1 mutation. Methods: An 11-year-old girl presented with an enlarged mass on her left arm and underwent an incisional biopsy. Results: Histopathologic examination and immunohistochemistry studies showed a monotonous proliferation of blasts that were CD4-, CD56+, and CD123+. There was no evidence of leukemic dissemination...
April 15, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386111/diffuse-lesion-and-necrosis-tied-to-poorer-prognosis-of-interdigitating-dendritic-cell-sarcoma-cases-report-and-a-pooled-analysis
#13
Feng Shi, Qingkun Song, Lingling Wang, Ying Gao, Hong Chang
Interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma is a neoplastic proliferation of interdigitating dendritic cells and no therapeutic consensus exists. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic impacts of tumor lesion, cellular atypia, mitosis and necrosis on the interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma. Case reports and pooled analyses were designed to explore the relationships. One case was a 40-years old man with localized lesion, moderate to notable cellular atypia, 30 mitoses per 10 high-power fields and no necrosis and the progression-free survival was longer than 20 months...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382648/characteristics-management-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-follicular-dendritic-cell-sarcoma
#14
Preetesh Jain, Sarah A Milgrom, Keyur P Patel, Loretta Nastoupil, Luis Fayad, Michael Wang, Chelsea C Pinnix, Bouthaina S Dabaja, Grace L Smith, Jun Yu, Shimin Hu, Carlos E Bueso Ramos, Rashmi Kanagal-Shamanna, L Jeffrey Medeiros, Yasuhiro Oki, Nathan Fowler
Dendritic cell sarcomas are rare tumours of antigen presenting cells. Data regarding their biology, management and outcomes are sparse. We analysed 66 patients with follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS). Six patients also had Castleman disease, 9 had another malignancy and 13 had an autoimmune disease. Fifty-four per cent of patients presented with localized disease and 46% with systemic involvement. The median progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) following frontline therapy was 21 and 50 months, respectively...
April 6, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381295/cytokine-response-to-the-rsv-antigen-delivered-by-dendritic-cell-directed-vaccination-in-congenic-chicken-lines
#15
Jitka Mucksová, Jiří Plachý, Ondřej Staněk, Jiří Hejnar, Jiří Kalina, Barbora Benešová, Pavel Trefil
Systems of antigen delivery into antigen-presenting cells represent an important novel strategy in chicken vaccine development. In this study, we verified the ability of Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) antigens fused with streptavidin to be targeted by specific biotinylated monoclonal antibody (anti-CD205) into dendritic cells and induce virus-specific protective immunity. The method was tested in four congenic lines of chickens that are either resistant or susceptible to the progressive growth of RSV-induced tumors...
April 5, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353378/follicular-dendritic-cell-sarcoma
#16
REVIEW
Tiffany Chen, Purva Gopal
Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma is a rare tumor that typically arises within lymph nodes but can also occur extranodally. It is important to have a high index of suspicion, so follicular dendritic cell sarcoma is included in the differential diagnosis of a spindle cell neoplasm in the appropriate clinical and morphologic settings. When included in the differential diagnosis, immunohistochemistry is generally sufficient to substantiate the diagnosis of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma. In this review, we discuss the clinicopathologic features of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma, recent molecular and cytogenetic findings, prognosis, and current approaches to treatment...
April 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344885/pappalysin-1-t-cell-receptor-transgenic-allo-restricted-t-cells-kill-ewing-sarcoma-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#17
Andreas Kirschner, Melanie Thiede, Thomas G P Grünewald, Rebeca Alba Rubio, Günther H S Richter, Thomas Kirchner, Dirk H Busch, Stefan Burdach, Uwe Thiel
Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPPA), also known as pappalysin, is a member of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) family. PAPPA acts as a protease, cleaving IGF inhibitors, i.e., IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs), thereby setting free IGFs. The insulin/IGF-axis is involved in cancer in general and in Ewing sarcoma (ES) in particular. ES is a highly malignant bone tumor characterized by early metastatic spread. PAPPA is associated with various cancers. It is overexpressed and required for proliferation in ES...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302385/primary-cutaneous-interdigitating-dendritic-cell-sarcoma-is-a-morphologic-and-phenotypic-simulator-of-poorly-differentiated-metastatic-melanoma-a-report-of-2-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Cynthia M Magro, Luke C Olson, Gerard Nuovo, Garron J Solomon
Interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma (IDS) is a rare form of hematologic malignancy associated with an aggressive clinical course. Only 4 prior cases have been described as originating in the skin. We encountered two male patients ages 47 and 61years of age who presented with solitary cutaneous neoplasms diagnosed as IDS. Histologic exam showed a coalescing nested and multinodular proliferation of large pleomorphic epithelioid cells. In one case an initial diagnosis of melanoma was rendered. A recurrence 8months later was then interpreted as a primary cutaneous IDS...
February 20, 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241093/phase-1-2-study-of-immunotherapy-with-dendritic-cells-pulsed-with-autologous-tumor-lysate-in-patients-with-refractory-bone-and-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#19
Shinji Miwa, Hideji Nishida, Yoshikazu Tanzawa, Akihiko Takeuchi, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Norio Yamamoto, Eishiro Mizukoshi, Yasunari Nakamoto, Shuichi Kaneko, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
BACKGROUND: There are limited options for the curative treatment of refractory bone and soft tissue sarcomas. The purpose of this phase 1/2 study was to assess the immunological and clinical effects of dendritic cells (DCs) pulsed with autologous tumor lysate (TL) in patients with advanced bone and soft tissue sarcomas. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with metastatic or recurrent sarcomas were enrolled in this study. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from the patients were suspended in media containing interleukin 4 (IL-4) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor...
February 27, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197348/angioimmunoblastic-t-cell-lymphoma-a-questionable-association-with-follicular-dendritic-cell-sarcoma
#20
Daniel Benharroch, Miriam Zekzer, Karen Nalbandyan
An elderly woman presented with generalized lymphadenopathy, several systemic symptoms, and splenomegaly. An inguinal lymph node excision revealed a compound picture. One aspect of the lymph node morphology, including cells with follicular T-helper cell phenotype, was most consistent with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma. The other component, revealing spindle cells forming whorls with immunostaining for CD21, CD23, and fascin, might be an integral part of this T-cell lymphoma. However, due to the often massive involvement of the nodal tissue by these follicular dendritic cells, these areas were questionably suggestive of involvement by follicular dendritic cell sarcoma...
2017: Case Reports in Hematology
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