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Sexuality and cardiovascular disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747541/obesity-a-serious-etiologic-factor-for-male-subfertility-in-modern-society
#1
Yue Liu, Zhide Ding
Obesity, defined as excessive accumulation of fat in adipose tissue, is a metabolic disorder resulting from behavioral, environmental and heritable causes. Such malfunction increases the risk of developing hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, respiratory problems, osteoarthritis and cancer. Meanwhile, the negative impact of obesity on male reproduction is gradually being recognized. According to clinical investigations and animal experiments, obesity is correlated with reductions in sperm concentration and motility, increases in sperm DNA damage and changes in reproductive hormonal levels...
July 26, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738800/benchmarked-performance-charts-using-principal-components-analysis-to-improve-the-effectiveness-of-feedback-for-audit-data-in-hiv-care
#2
Skevi Michael, Mark Gompels, Caroline Sabin, Hilary Curtis, Margaret T May
BACKGROUND: Feedback tools for clinical audit data that compare site-specific results to average performance over all sites can be useful for quality improvement. Proposed tools should be simple and clearly benchmark the site's performance, so that a relevant action plan can be directly implemented to improve patient care services. We aimed to develop such a tool in order to feedback data to UK HIV clinics participating in the 2015 British HIV Association (BHIVA) audit assessing compliance with the 2011 guidelines for routine investigation and monitoring of adult HIV-1- infected individuals...
July 24, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731489/sexual-health-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-body-weight-physical-activity-and-mental-state-factors-correlated-to-each-other
#3
Pier A Della Camera, Simone Morselli, Gianmartin Cito, Giovanni Tasso, Andrea Cocci, Nicola Laruccia, Fabrizio Travaglini, Dario Del Fabbro, Antonio R Mottola, Mauro Gacci, Sergio Serni, Marco Carini, Alessandro Natali
INTRODUCTION: Mediterranean diet has shown a protective role against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer onset, microvascular damage and dementia in many trials. Our purpose is the assessment of a correlation between physical activity, Mediterranean diet, body mass index (BMI), depression and erection disorder (ED). METHODS: After having signed disclaimer to the study participation, we administered the IIEF 15 questionnaire (International Index of Erectil Function), the Hamilton questionnaire for major depression, the Med-Diet Questionnaire, the Ipaq Questionnaire (International Index of Physical Activity) to 245 patients and calculated the BMI...
July 14, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700299/chronic-health-conditions-and-key-health-indicators-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-older-us-adults-2013-2014
#4
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Chengshi Shui, Amanda E B Bryan
OBJECTIVES: To examine disparities in chronic conditions and health indicators among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults aged 50 years or older in the United States. METHODS: We used data from the 2013 and 2014 National Health Interview Survey to compare disparities in chronic conditions, health outcomes and behaviors, health care access, and preventive health care by sexual orientation and gender. RESULTS: LGB older adults were significantly more likely than heterosexual older adults to have a weakened immune system and low back or neck pain...
August 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686517/clinical-update-osteoporosis-management
#5
Pelin Batur, Sheila Rice, Paola Barrios, Andrea Sikon
The clinical update serves as a brief review of recently published, high-impact, and potentially practice changing journal articles summarized for our readers. Topics include menopause, sexual dysfunction, breast health, contraception, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disease. In this clinical update, we selected recent publications relevant to osteoporosis management. We highlight articles on the safety of long-term use of denosumab and bisphosphonates, fracture risk after discontinuing menopausal hormone therapy, calcium intake and cardiovascular risk, as well as the value of repeat dual X-ray absorptiometry scanning to monitor those on osteoporosis treatment...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673435/male-sexual-function-in-new-zealand-a-population-based-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-prevalence-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-men-aged-40-70-years
#6
Merrin Quilter, Lynette Hodges, Pamela von Hurst, Barry Borman, Jane Coad
BACKGROUND: Sexual function declines with age and erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common condition worldwide; however, prevalence rates vary markedly between populations and reliable data specific to New Zealand (NZ) are lacking. AIM: To assess the prevalence of ED in NZ men using a population-based cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Postal questionnaires were sent, according to a modified Dillman method, to a randomly selected age-stratified population-based sample of 2,000 men 40 to 70 years old obtained from the electoral roll...
July 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671391/health-maintenance-in-postmenopausal-women
#7
I Cori Baill, Analia Castiglioni
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability in postmenopausal women older than 50 years. Clinicians should use the pooled cohort risk assessment equations or another risk calculator every three to five years to estimate a woman's 10-year risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction and stroke. Major guidelines concur that women at average risk of breast cancer benefit from screening mammography at least every other year from 50 to 74 years of age. Several effective options for colorectal cancer screening are recommended for women 50 to 75 years of age...
May 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661990/the-influence-of-comorbidities-risk-factors-and-medications-on-sexual-activity-in-individuals-aged-40-to-59-years-with-and-without-cardiac-conditions-us-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-to-2012
#8
Elaine E Steinke, Victoria Mosack, Twyla J Hill
BACKGROUND: Sexual activity is increasingly recognized as an important aspect of quality of life for many individuals with cardiovascular disease, although less is known about the factors contributing to sexual functioning in younger adults. OBJECTIVE: This study examined factors influencing sexual activity in individuals aged 40 to 59 years, comparing those reporting a cardiac condition with those without a cardiac condition, in a national population-based sample...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638747/health-care-disparities-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Hudaisa Hafeez, Muhammad Zeshan, Muhammad A Tahir, Nusrat Jahan, Sadiq Naveed
About 3.5% Americans identify themselves as lesbian, gay, or bisexual while 0.3% identify themselves as transgender. The LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community belongs to almost every race, ethnicity, religion, age, and socioeconomic group. The LGBT youth are at a higher risk for substance use, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), cancers, cardiovascular diseases, obesity, bullying, isolation, rejection, anxiety, depression, and suicide as compared to the general population. LGBT youth receive poor quality of care due to stigma, lack of healthcare providers' awareness, and insensitivity to the unique needs of this community...
April 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637324/the-effects-of-phytosterols-on-the-sexual-behavior-and-reproductive-function-in-the-japanese-quail-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#10
Mohammad Ibrahim Qasimi, Kentaro Nagaoka, Gen Watanabe
Phytosterols (PS) are plant origin sterols naturally found in many foods and added as food additives. Since 1950, PS have attracted considerable attention due to their ability to lower serum cholesterol and inhibit cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, recent studies have found that PS act as endocrine-disrupting chemicals in laboratory animals. Therefore, this study was aimed at finding the mechanism(s) for PS effects on the sexual behaviors and reproductive functions in male Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica)...
June 16, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634363/long-term-health-outcomes-in-patients-with-prader-willi-syndrome-a-nationwide-cohort-study-in-denmark
#11
E Hedgeman, S P Ulrichsen, S Carter, N C Kreher, K P Malobisky, M M Braun, J Fryzek, M S Olsen
BACKGROUND: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare congenital disease that affects growth, sexual development, cognitive function and behavior. Individuals exhibit food preoccupation and hyperphagia, which may lead to obesity with premature morbidity and mortality. The aim of this work was to evaluate the risk of venous thromboembolisms (VTE), myocardial infarction, pulmonary hypertension, sleep apnea, depression, anxiety and all-cause mortality among persons with PWS as compared to an age- and sex-matched general population cohort...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606501/childhood-trauma-and-lifetime-syncope-burden-among-older-adults
#12
Celia O'Hare, Cathal McCrory, Neil O'Leary, Helen O'Brien, Rose Anne Kenny
OBJECTIVE: Vasovagal syncope is governed by the autonomic nervous system and often precipitated by highly salient emotional situations. We hypothesized that a lifetime tendency towards vasovagal syncope may be precipitated by exposure to childhood trauma. METHODS: We examined data from the first wave of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) of adults aged 50+ (n=6497) who were asked to report lifetime syncope frequency and any history of childhood sexual or physical abuse...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602667/does-serum-homocysteine-explain-the-connection-between-sexual-frequency-and-cardiovascular-risk
#13
Hui-Fang Yang, Tung-Wei Kao, Yuan-Yung Lin, Mu-Tsun Shih, Li-Wei Wu, Fang-Yih Liaw, Tao-Chun Peng, Wei-Liang Chen
BACKGROUND: Sexual activity correlates with various health issues, and homocysteine is considered an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events and atherosclerosis. Research on the relation of sexual activity to sexual frequency and homocysteine is sparse. AIM: To examine the association between sexual frequency and homocysteine in the general population in the United States. METHODS: In total, 2,267 eligible participants 20 to 59 years old who had serum homocysteine data and completed a sexual behavior questionnaire were enrolled from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of 2005 to 2006...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596070/sm%C3%A2-sm-the-interface-of-systems-medicine-and-sexual-medicine-for-facing-non-communicable-diseases-in-a-gender-dependent-manner
#14
REVIEW
Emmanuele A Jannini
INTRODUCTION: Complex non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including cancer, cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, and chronic respiratory disorders, are major causes of morbidity and mortality globally. The complexity of NCDs requires innovative, integrated, and interdisciplinary approaches for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention by adopting the new paradigm called systems medicine. A growing body of evidence suggests that sexual dysfunction in general and erectile and lubrication dysfunctions in particular are, in a sex-dependent manner, efficient predictors of overall systemic well-being...
June 5, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595561/sexual-dysfunction-cardiovascular-risk-and-effects-of-pharmacotherapy
#15
Konstantinos P Imprialos, Konstantinos Stavropoulos, Michael Doumas, Konstantinos Tziomalos, Asterios Karagiannis, Vasilios G Athyros
Sexual dysfunction affects millions of people with an increasing prevalence, worldwide. The pathophysiology of the disease shares several similarities with cardiovascular disease (CVD), including atherosclerosis, endothelial dysfunction, structural vascular damage and subclinical inflammation. Erectile dysfunction (ED) and female sexual dysfunction are common among patients with CVD and risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome. Given the common pathogenesis of the diseases, ED is an independent prognostic factor of future ED events...
June 9, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588958/women-s-health-a-new-global-agenda
#16
Sanne A E Peters, Mark Woodward, Vivekanand Jha, Stephen Kennedy, Robyn Norton
Global efforts to improve the health of women largely focus on improving sexual and reproductive health. However, the global burden of disease has changed significantly over the past decades. Currently, the greatest burden of death and disability among women is attributable to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), most notably cardiovascular diseases, cancers, respiratory diseases, diabetes, dementia, depression and musculoskeletal disorders. Hence, to improve the health of women most efficiently, adequate resources need to be allocated to the prevention, management and treatment of NCDs in women...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566439/mechanisms-in-endocrinology-the-sexually-dimorphic-role-of-androgens-in-human-metabolic-disease
#17
REVIEW
Lina Schiffer, Punith Kempegowda, Wiebke Arlt, Michael W O'Reilly
Female androgen excess and male androgen deficiency manifest with an overlapping adverse metabolic phenotype, including abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes mellitus, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Here, we review the impact of androgens on metabolic target tissues in an attempt to unravel the complex mechanistic links with metabolic dysfunction; we also evaluate clinical studies examining the associations between metabolic disease and disorders of androgen metabolism in men and women...
September 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529823/obesity-and-sexual-abuse-in-american-indians-and-alaska-natives
#18
James A Levine, Shelly K McCrady-Spitzer, William Bighorse
Mainstream American culture frequently minimizes the prevalence and significance of sexual abuse. Unfortunately, this denial of extensive victimization of women is also present in many underserved populations. In June 2007, Amnesty International released its report on sexual abuse in indigenous women, which states that, "One in three Native American or Alaska Native women will be raped at some point in their lives. Most do not seek justice because they know they will be met with inaction or indifference." This report highlighted an infrequently discussed issue namely, very high levels of sexual abuse in Native American and Alaska Native women...
August 2016: Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526997/nafld-as-a-sexual-dimorphic-disease-role-of-gender-and-reproductive-status-in-the-development-and-progression-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-inherent-cardiovascular-risk
#19
REVIEW
Stefano Ballestri, Fabio Nascimbeni, Enrica Baldelli, Alessandra Marrazzo, Dante Romagnoli, Amedeo Lonardo
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) spans steatosis through nonalcoholic steatohepatis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with striking systemic features and excess cardiovascular and liver-related mortality. The pathogenesis of NAFLD is complex and multifactorial. Endocrine derangements are closely linked with dysmetabolic traits. For example, in animal and human studies, female sex is protected from dysmetabolism thanks to young individuals' ability to partition fatty acids towards ketone body production rather than very low density lipoprotein (VLDL)-triacylglycerol, and to sex-specific browning of white adipose tissue...
June 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513399/reducing-health-inequalities-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness
#20
Nutmeg Hallett, Helen Rees
People with serious mental illness (SMI) are at risk of dying many years earlier than the general population. Providing an effective, cost-efficient healthcare service requires a holistic approach, and improving the physical health of people with SMI should be integral to all healthcare roles. It is important for nurses to identify and understand the barriers that people with SMI may experience when accessing physical healthcare. A range of factors contribute to reduced life expectancy, including lifestyle factors, symptoms of mental illness and the side effects of medications...
May 17, 2017: Nursing Standard
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