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Sexuality and cardiovascular disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919117/global-regional-and-national-incidence-prevalence-and-years-lived-with-disability-for-328-diseases-and-injuries-for-195-countries-1990-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#1
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: As mortality rates decline, life expectancy increases, and populations age, non-fatal outcomes of diseases and injuries are becoming a larger component of the global burden of disease. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of prevalence, incidence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) for 328 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2016. METHODS: We estimated prevalence and incidence for 328 diseases and injuries and 2982 sequelae, their non-fatal consequences...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916405/love-death-a-retrospective-and-prospective-follow-up-mortality-study-over-45-years
#2
Lena Lange, Barbra Zedler, Marcel A Verhoff, Markus Parzeller
BACKGROUND: Although sexual activity can cause moderate stress, it can cause natural death in individuals with pre-existing illness. The aim of this study was to identify additional pre-existing health problems, sexual practices, and potential circumstances that may trigger fatal events. METHODS: This medicolegal postmortem, retrospective, and prospective study is based on data of autopsies performed at the Institute of Legal Medicine of the University hospital, Goethe-University, Frankfurt/Main, Germany...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892593/much-more-than-prescribing-a-pill-assessment-and-treatment-of-erectile-dysfunction-by-the-general-practitioner
#3
Ohad Shoshany, Darren J Katz, Christopher Love
BACKGROUND: Erectile dysfunction is a common but often neglected condition. Prevalence increases with age, but is not insignificant in younger men. OBJECTIVE: This article will broadly describe the epidemiology, classification and risk factors of erectile dysfunction. It will also discuss assessment and current treatment modalities, with a particular focus on the unique role of the general practitioner (GP). DISCUSSION: Erectile dysfunction may be classified as vasculogenic, neurogenic, endocrinological, drug-related, psychogenic or mixed...
September 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882142/prospective-associations-of-psychosocial-adversity-in-childhood-with-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-adulthood-the-mrc-national-survey-of-health-and-development
#4
Emma L Anderson, Rishi Caleyachetty, Mai Stafford, Diana Kuh, Rebecca Hardy, Debbie A Lawlor, Abigail Fraser, Laura D Howe
BACKGROUND: Studies assessing associations of childhood psychosocial adversity (e.g. sexual abuse, physical neglect, parental death), as opposed to socioeconomic adversity, with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in adulthood are scarce. We aimed to assess associations of various forms of psychosocial adversity and cumulative adversity in childhood, with multiple CVD risk factors in mid-life. METHODS: Participants were from the MRC National Survey of Health and Development...
September 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874333/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-erectile-dysfunction-in-chinese-adult-males
#5
Xinyu Zhang, Bin Yang, Ni Li, Hongjun Li
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of nationwide epidemiologic survey data on the prevalence estimate of erectile dysfunction (ED) in Chinese men living on the mainland China. AIM: To attain the representative prevalence estimate of ED in the Chinese male population and to analyze potential risk factors associated with ED by demographics, socioeconomic status, and medical comorbidities. METHODS: The study was community based. The five-item Internation Index of Erectile Function questionnaire and in-person interview were used to obtain data...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862944/exposure-to-violence-and-carotid-artery-intima-media-thickness-in-mexican-women
#6
Mario H Flores-Torres, Rebekka Lynch, Ruy Lopez-Ridaura, Elsa Yunes, Adriana Monge, Eduardo Ortiz-Panozo, Carlos Cantu-Brito, Arna Hauksdóttir, Unnur Valdimarsdóttir, Martín Lajous
BACKGROUND: Violence against women has become a global public health threat. Data on the potential impact of exposure to violence on cardiovascular disease are scarce. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated the association between exposure to violence and subclinical cardiovascular disease in 634 disease-free women from the Mexican Teachers' Cohort who responded to violence-related items from the Life Stressor Checklist and underwent measures of carotid artery intima-media thickness in 2012 and 2013...
August 17, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852041/sex-specific-enos-activity-and-function-in-human-endothelial-cells
#7
Maria Grazia Cattaneo, Claudia Vanetti, Ilaria Decimo, Marzia Di Chio, Giuseppe Martano, Giulia Garrone, Francesco Bifari, Lucia Maria Vicentini
Clinical and epidemiological data show that biological sex is one of the major determinants for the development and progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Impaired endothelial function, characterized by an imbalance in endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase (eNOS) activity, precedes and accelerates the development of CVD. However, whether there is any sexual dimorphism in eNOS activity and function in endothelial cells (ECs) is still unknown. Here, by independently studying human male and female ECs, we found that female ECs expressed higher eNOS mRNA and protein levels both in vitro and ex vivo...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836189/evaluation-and-management-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-the-hypertensive-patient
#8
REVIEW
Jay Pravin Patel, Eric Hweegeun Lee, Carlos Ignacio Mena-Hurtado, Charles N Walker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The prevalence of hypertension and erectile dysfunction has steadily increased, and greater than 40% of men with erectile dysfunction concurrently share a diagnosis of hypertension. The treatment of the patient with both diseases poses a clinical challenge as both are closely correlated and share multiple overlapping risk factors.To address the recognized knowledge gap among clinicians who care for these patients, we will review the current literature on the diagnosis and treatment of erectile dysfunction in the hypertensive patient and will provide recommendations for the management of this challenging patient population...
August 24, 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813611/intrauterine-growth-restricted-yucatan-miniature-pigs-experience-early-catch-up-growth-leading-to-greater-adiposity-and-impaired-lipid-metabolism-as-young-adults
#9
Semone B Myrie, Leslie L McKnight, J Christopher King, John J McGuire, Bruce N Van Vliet, Sukhinder K Cheema, Robert F Bertolo
Early nutrition has critical influences on cardiovascular disease risk in adulthood. The study objectives were to evaluate the impact of low birth weight on fasting and postprandial lipid metabolism and endothelium function in Yucatan miniature pigs. Intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR) piglets (n = 6, 3 d old, 0.73 ± 0.04 kg) were paired with normal weight (NW) same-sex littermates (n = 6, 1.11 ± 0.05 kg) and fed milk replacer ad libitum for 4 wk. Thereafter, all pigs were fed a standard diet ad libitum for 5 h/d with growth, intakes and blood samples collected for 8 mo...
August 16, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795961/testosterone-and-sexual-function
#10
Adriane Fugh-Berman, Anthony R Scialli
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Testosterone therapy has been advocated in the treatment of symptoms that may represent normal aging. We briefly review randomized clinical trials on the effects of testosterone therapy on sexual function. RECENT FINDINGS: About half of clinical trials showed no benefit of testosterone therapy on any aspect of sexual function. In those studies showing a benefit on some aspect of sexual function, most sexual function domains were not improved. Testosterone therapy has been disappointing in the treatment of erectile dysfunction...
August 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792413/human-reproduction-and-health-an-evolutionary-perspective
#11
REVIEW
Grazyna Jasienska, Richard G Bribiescas, Anne-Sofie Furberg, Samuli Helle, Alejandra Núñez-de la Mora
According to life history theory, increased investment in reproductive function (physiology and behaviour) at different times throughout the life course affects the risk of many diseases and, ultimately, longevity. Although genetic factors contribute to interindividual and interpopulation variation in reproductive traits, the dominant source of variability is phenotypic plasticity during development and adult life. Reproductive traits in both sexes evolved sensitivity to ecological conditions, as reflected in contemporary associations of hormone concentrations with geographical setting, nutritional status, and physical activity level...
July 29, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747541/obesity-a-serious-etiologic-factor-for-male-subfertility-in-modern-society
#12
Yue Liu, Zhide Ding
Obesity, defined as excessive accumulation of fat in adipose tissue, is a metabolic disorder resulting from behavioral, environmental and heritable causes. Such malfunction increases the risk of developing hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, respiratory problems, osteoarthritis and cancer. Meanwhile, the negative impact of obesity on male reproduction is gradually being recognized. According to clinical investigations and animal experiments, obesity is correlated with reductions in sperm concentration and motility, increases in sperm DNA damage and changes in reproductive hormonal levels...
July 26, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738800/benchmarked-performance-charts-using-principal-components-analysis-to-improve-the-effectiveness-of-feedback-for-audit-data-in-hiv-care
#13
Skevi Michael, Mark Gompels, Caroline Sabin, Hilary Curtis, Margaret T May
BACKGROUND: Feedback tools for clinical audit data that compare site-specific results to average performance over all sites can be useful for quality improvement. Proposed tools should be simple and clearly benchmark the site's performance, so that a relevant action plan can be directly implemented to improve patient care services. We aimed to develop such a tool in order to feedback data to UK HIV clinics participating in the 2015 British HIV Association (BHIVA) audit assessing compliance with the 2011 guidelines for routine investigation and monitoring of adult HIV-1- infected individuals...
July 24, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731489/sexual-health-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-body-weight-physical-activity-and-mental-state-factors-correlated-to-each-other
#14
Pier A Della Camera, Simone Morselli, Gianmartin Cito, Giovanni Tasso, Andrea Cocci, Nicola Laruccia, Fabrizio Travaglini, Dario Del Fabbro, Antonio R Mottola, Mauro Gacci, Sergio Serni, Marco Carini, Alessandro Natali
INTRODUCTION: Mediterranean diet has shown a protective role against cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer onset, microvascular damage and dementia in many trials. Our purpose is the assessment of a correlation between physical activity, Mediterranean diet, body mass index (BMI), depression and erection disorder (ED). METHODS: After having signed disclaimer to the study participation, we administered the IIEF 15 questionnaire (International Index of Erectil Function), the Hamilton questionnaire for major depression, the Med-Diet Questionnaire, the Ipaq Questionnaire (International Index of Physical Activity) to 245 patients and calculated the BMI...
July 14, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700299/chronic-health-conditions-and-key-health-indicators-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-older-us-adults-2013-2014
#15
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Chengshi Shui, Amanda E B Bryan
OBJECTIVES: To examine disparities in chronic conditions and health indicators among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults aged 50 years or older in the United States. METHODS: We used data from the 2013 and 2014 National Health Interview Survey to compare disparities in chronic conditions, health outcomes and behaviors, health care access, and preventive health care by sexual orientation and gender. RESULTS: LGB older adults were significantly more likely than heterosexual older adults to have a weakened immune system and low back or neck pain...
August 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686517/osteoporosis-management
#16
Pelin Batur, Sheila Rice, Paola Barrios, Andrea Sikon
The clinical update serves as a brief review of recently published, high-impact, and potentially practice changing journal articles summarized for our readers. Topics include menopause, sexual dysfunction, breast health, contraception, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disease. In this clinical update, we selected recent publications relevant to osteoporosis management. We highlight articles on the safety of long-term use of denosumab and bisphosphonates, fracture risk after discontinuing menopausal hormone therapy, calcium intake and cardiovascular risk, as well as the value of repeat dual X-ray absorptiometry scanning to monitor those on osteoporosis treatment...
August 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673435/male-sexual-function-in-new-zealand-a-population-based-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-prevalence-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-men-aged-40-70-years
#17
Merrin Quilter, Lynette Hodges, Pamela von Hurst, Barry Borman, Jane Coad
BACKGROUND: Sexual function declines with age and erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common condition worldwide; however, prevalence rates vary markedly between populations and reliable data specific to New Zealand (NZ) are lacking. AIM: To assess the prevalence of ED in NZ men using a population-based cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Postal questionnaires were sent, according to a modified Dillman method, to a randomly selected age-stratified population-based sample of 2,000 men 40 to 70 years old obtained from the electoral roll...
July 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671391/health-maintenance-in-postmenopausal-women
#18
REVIEW
I Cori Baill, Analia Castiglioni
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability in postmenopausal women older than 50 years. Clinicians should use the pooled cohort risk assessment equations or another risk calculator every three to five years to estimate a woman's 10-year risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, including myocardial infarction and stroke. Major guidelines concur that women at average risk of breast cancer benefit from screening mammography at least every other year from 50 to 74 years of age. Several effective options for colorectal cancer screening are recommended for women 50 to 75 years of age...
May 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661990/the-influence-of-comorbidities-risk-factors-and-medications-on-sexual-activity-in-individuals-aged-40-to-59-years-with-and-without-cardiac-conditions-us-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2011-to-2012
#19
Elaine E Steinke, Victoria Mosack, Twyla J Hill
BACKGROUND: Sexual activity is increasingly recognized as an important aspect of quality of life for many individuals with cardiovascular disease, although less is known about the factors contributing to sexual functioning in younger adults. OBJECTIVE: This study examined factors influencing sexual activity in individuals aged 40 to 59 years, comparing those reporting a cardiac condition with those without a cardiac condition, in a national population-based sample...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638747/health-care-disparities-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-youth-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Hudaisa Hafeez, Muhammad Zeshan, Muhammad A Tahir, Nusrat Jahan, Sadiq Naveed
About 3.5% Americans identify themselves as lesbian, gay, or bisexual while 0.3% identify themselves as transgender. The LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) community belongs to almost every race, ethnicity, religion, age, and socioeconomic group. The LGBT youth are at a higher risk for substance use, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), cancers, cardiovascular diseases, obesity, bullying, isolation, rejection, anxiety, depression, and suicide as compared to the general population. LGBT youth receive poor quality of care due to stigma, lack of healthcare providers' awareness, and insensitivity to the unique needs of this community...
April 20, 2017: Curēus
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