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Sex and cardiovascular disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731931/renal-function-and-its-association-with-blood-pressure-in-middle-eastern-immigrants-and-native-swedes
#1
Christopher Nilsson, Anders Christensson, Peter M Nilsson, Louise Bennet
BACKGROUND: Iraqi-born immigrants residing in Sweden are at high risk for type 2 diabetes, obesity and hyperlipidemia compared with native Swedes. Paradoxically, hypertension is less prevalent in this immigrant population. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in renal function and further if differences in blood pressure (BP) levels were associated with differences across ethnicities in renal function as a possible explanation to the paradox. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study of men and women, born in Iraq or Sweden, aged 30-75 years was conducted in Malmö, Sweden, from 2010 to 2012...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728850/decline-in-risk-of-recurrent-cardiovascular-events-in-the-period-1996-to-2014-partly-explained-by-better-treatment-of-risk-factors-and-less-subclinical-atherosclerosis
#2
Gijs F N Berkelmans, Yolanda van der Graaf, Jannick A N Dorresteijn, Gert Jan de Borst, Maarten J Cramer, L Jaap Kappelle, Jan Westerink, Frank L J Visseren
BACKGROUND: To quantify the decline in recurrent major cardiovascular events (MCVE) risk in patients with clinically manifest vascular disease between 1996 and 2014 and to assess whether the improvements in recurrent MCVE-risk can be explained by reduced prevalence of risk factors, more medication use and less subclinical atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study was conducted in the Second Manifestations of ARTerial disease (SMART) cohort in patients entering the cohort in the period 1996-2014...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728350/the-association-between-smoking-or-passive-smoking-and-cardiovascular-diseases-using-a-bayesian-hierarchical-model-based-on-the-2008-2013-korea-community-health-survey
#3
WhanHee Lee, SungHee Hwang, HaYoung Choi, Ho Kim
Objectives: Smoking and passive smoking have been extensively reported as risk factors of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Despite the biological mechanisms underlying the impact of hazardous chemical substances contained in tobacco in cardiovascular diseases, studies investigating the association between smoking and passive smoking with morbidity are at an inchoate stage in Korea. Therefore, this study aimed to estimate the risks of smoking and passive smoking on cardiovascular morbidity at the national and regional levels...
June 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728065/c-reactive-protein-in-atherosclerosis-a-risk-marker-but-not-a-causal-factor-a-13-year-population-based-longitudinal-study-the-troms%C3%A3-study
#4
Agnethe Eltoft, Kjell Arne Arntzen, John-Bjarne Hansen, Tom Wilsgaard, Ellisiv B Mathiesen, Stein Harald Johnsen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: CRP predicts cardiovascular disease (CVD) in large epidemiologic studies. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the role of CRP in atherosclerosis formation and progression in a prospective population-based study. METHODS: 6503 middle-aged subjects from The Tromsø study had serum CRP, carotid ultrasound and complete covariate data collected at baseline in 1994. Of these, 4730 and 2917 attended follow-up surveys with repeated assessments in 2001 and 2007, respectively...
July 5, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728064/ldl-subfractions-are-associated-with-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-malm%C3%A3-prevention-project-study
#5
Dov Shiffman, Judy Z Louie, Michael P Caulfield, Peter M Nilsson, James J Devlin, Olle Melander
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: After assessing the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) based on traditional risk factors, decisions concerning lipid lowering therapy might remain uncertain. To investigate whether lipoprotein subfraction levels could aid these decisions, we assessed the association between lipoprotein subfractions and CVD, after adjustment for traditional risk factors including standard lipids. METHODS: Using a case-cohort design, participants were randomly drawn from the Malmö Prevention Project (MPP), a population-based prospective study of 18,240 participants, and supplemented with additional incident CVD events (5764 participants, 1784 CVD events)...
July 5, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724878/relationship-between-knowledge-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-watching-educational-television-materials-ma%C3%A5-opolska-cardiovascular-preventive-intervention-study-m-capri
#6
Anna Waśniowska, Grzegorz Kopeć, Jakub Podolec, Magdalena Kozela, Agnieszka Sarnecka, Klaudia Knap, Krystyna Szafraniec, Andrzej Pająk, Piotr Podolec
INTRODUCTION    The current guidelines on cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention in clinical practice emphasizes on education in media in population-based approaches. OBJECTIVES    To assess the relationship between knowledge of CVD risk factors and watching educational television materials in the adult population. PATIENTS AND METHODS    After 22 months of repeated broadcasting of educational television materials, which addressed problems related to CVD, a postal survey was conducted on a random sample of 5000 persons aged 18 years or older...
July 4, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724650/dynamic-relation-of-changes-in-weight-and-indices-of-fat-distribution-with-cardiac-structure-and-function-the-dallas-heart-study
#7
Bryan Wilner, Sonia Garg, Colby R Ayers, Christopher D Maroules, Roderick McColl, Susan A Matulevicius, James A de Lemos, Mark H Drazner, Ronald Peshock, Ian J Neeland
BACKGROUND: Obesity may increase heart failure risk through cardiac remodeling. Cross-sectional associations between adiposity and cardiac structure and function have been elucidated, but the impact of longitudinal changes in adiposity on cardiac remodeling is less well understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants in the Dallas Heart Study without cardiovascular disease or left ventricular dysfunction underwent assessment of body weight, anthropometrics, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging at baseline and 7 years later...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722540/association-between-serum-uric-acid-level-and-hypertension-in-a-chinese-elderly-rural-population
#8
Lei Wu, Yao He, Bin Jiang, Miao Liu, Jianhua Wang, Di Zhang, Yiyan Wang, Jing Zeng
Previous studies have examined the association between elevated serum uric acid (SUA) level and hypertension; however, the association in the Chinese elderly is still uncertain. A cross-sectional study was performed in a rural district of Beijing. A total of 2,397 participants (967 men and 1,430 women) completed the survey. The SUA levels of participants were categorized into four levels using the quartiles (P25, P50, and P75) as cutoff values. Participant was diagnosed as hyperuricemia if the SUA level was ≥417 μmol/L (male) or ≥357 μmol/L (female)...
July 19, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721139/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-non-lipid-biomarkers-of-cardiovascular-risk
#9
Kamil F Faridi, Joshua R Lupton, Seth S Martin, Maciej Banach, Renato Quispe, Krishnaji Kulkarni, Steven R Jones, Erin D Michos
INTRODUCTION: Deficient 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels have been associated with dyslipidemia and cardiovascular diseases, though the underlying mechanism of these associations is uncertain. We analyzed associations between vitamin D and other non-lipid biomarkers of cardiovascular risk to better elucidate possible relationships between deficient 25(OH)D and cardiovascular disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 4,591 adults included in a clinical laboratory database from 2009 to 2011 with available measurements for 25(OH)D and the following biomarkers: homocysteine (Hcy), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), cystatin-C, creatinine, γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT), uric acid, and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717673/sex-and-race-ethnic-disparities-in-food-security-and-chronic-diseases-in-u-s-older-adults
#10
Joan A Vaccaro, Fatma G Huffman
Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships among sex, race/ethnicity, and food security with the likelihood of cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and lung disease for older adults. Method: Complex sample analysis by logistic regression models for chronic diseases were conducted from National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, 2011 to 2012 and 2013 to 2014, for N = 3,871 adults aged ≥55 years. Results: Being female with low food security was associated with lung disease and diabetes...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716248/interleukin-6-il-6-rs1800796-and-cyclin-dependent-kinase-inhibitor-cdkn2a-cdkn2b-rs2383207-are-associated-with-ischemic-stroke-in-indigenous-west-african-men
#11
Rufus Akinyemi, Donna K Arnett, Hemant K Tiwari, Bruce Ovbiagele, Fred Sarfo, Vinodh Srinivasasainagendra, Marguerite Ryan Irvin, Abiodun Adeoye, Rodney T Perry, Albert Akpalu, Carolyn Jenkins, Lukman Owolabi, Reginald Obiako, Kolawole Wahab, Emmanuel Sanya, Morenikeji Komolafe, Michael Fawale, Philip Adebayo, Godwin Osaigbovo, Taofiki Sunmonu, Paul Olowoyo, Innocent Chukwuonye, Yahaya Obiabo, Onoja Akpa, Sylvia Melikam, Raelle Saulson, Raj Kalaria, Adesola Ogunniyi, Mayowa Owolabi
BACKGROUND: Inherited genetic variations offer a possible explanation for the observed peculiarities of stroke in sub - Saharan African populations. Interleukin-6 polymorphisms have been previously associated with ischemic stroke in some non-African populations. AIM: Herein we investigated, for the first time, the association of genetic polymorphisms of IL-6, CDKN2A- CDKN2B and other genes with ischemic stroke among indigenous West African participants in the Stroke Investigative Research and Education Network (SIREN) Study...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716044/type-2-diabetes-is-associated-with-an-increased-prevalence-of-respiratory-symptoms-as-compared-to-the-general-population
#12
F De Santi, G Zoppini, F Locatelli, E Finocchio, V Cappa, M Dauriz, G Verlato
BACKGROUND: To estimate the prevalence of respiratory symptoms in individuals with type 2 diabetes, as compared to the general population. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2010 the screening questionnaire of GEIRD (Gene Environment Interactions in Respiratory Diseases) study was administered to two samples of Verona general population, aged respectively 45-64 years and 65-84 years, and to a convenience sample of individuals with type 2 diabetes, consequently recruited at the local Diabetes Centre...
July 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715555/application-of-a-lifestyle-based-tool-to-estimate-premature-cardiovascular-disease-events-in-young-adults-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#13
Holly C Gooding, Hongyan Ning, Matthew W Gillman, Christina Shay, Norrina Allen, David C Goff, Donald Lloyd-Jones, Stephanie Chiuve
Importance: Few tools exist for assessing the risk for early atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) events in young adults. Objective: To assess the performance of the Healthy Heart Score (HHS), a lifestyle-based tool that estimates ASCVD events in older adults, for ASCVD events occurring before 55 years of age. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study included 4893 US adults aged 18 to 30 years from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715395/expansion-and-adipogenesis-induction-of-adipocyte-progenitors-from-perivascular-adipose-tissue-isolated-by-magnetic-activated-cell-sorting
#14
Kyan Thelen, Nadia Ayala-Lopez, Stephanie W Watts, G Andres Contreras
Expansion of Perivascular Adipose Tissue (PVAT), a major regulator of vascular function through paracrine signaling, is directly related to the development of hypertension during obesity. The extent of hypertrophy and hyperplasia depends on depot location, sex, and the type of Adipocyte Progenitor Cell (APC) phenotypes present. Techniques used for APC and preadipocytes isolation in the last 10 years have drastically improved the accuracy at which individual cells can be identified based on specific cell surface markers...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715065/hypertension-dyslipidemia-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-hiv-infected-adults-in-poland
#15
Magdalena Rogalska-Płońska, Paweł Rogalski, Magdalena Leszczyszyn-Pynka, Justyna Stempkowska, Piotr Kocbach, Aldona Kowalczuk-Kot, Małgorzata Janczarek, Anna Grzeszczuk
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in HIV infected patients increases with aging and duration of the disease. Hypertension (HA), high cholesterol level obesity, diabetes, tobacco exposure and use of alcohol are among the traditional risk factors that contribute to CVD. AIM: was to determinate the incidence of HA, lipid disturbances and CVD risk in dependence on clinical, viral and biochemical factors. METHODS: Four hundred and seventeen HIV infected Caucasian adult patients from the four clinical centers in Poland were enrolled and analyzed on the basis of available medical data from the years 2013-2015...
July 17, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714810/advances-in-cardiovascular-health-in-women-over-the-past-decade-guideline-recommendations-for-practice
#16
Pejman Raeisi-Giglou, Annabelle Santos Volgman, Hena Patel, Susan Campbell, Amparo Villablanca, Eileen Hsich
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the number one cause of death in women. It is estimated that 44 million women in the United States are either living with or at risk for heart disease. This article highlights the recent significant progress made in improving care, clinical decision-making, and policy implications for women with CVD. We provide our perspective supported by evidence-based advances in cardiovascular research and clinical care guidelines in seven areas: (1) primary CVD prevention and community heart care, (2) secondary prevention of CVD, (3) stroke, (4) heart failure and cardiomyopathies, (5) ischemia with nonobstructive coronary artery disease, (6) spontaneous coronary artery dissection, and (7) arrhythmias and device therapies...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713688/childhood-trauma-and-factors-associated-with-depression-among-inpatients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#17
Felipe José Nascimento Barreto, Frederico Duarte Garcia, Paulo Henrique Teixeira Prado, Paulo Marcos Brasil Rocha, Nádia Souza Las Casas, Felipe Barbosa Vallt, Humberto Correa, Maila Castro Lourenço Neves
AIM: To identify factors associated with depressive symptoms among inpatients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study performed in a subsample of a large cross-sectional research that investigated affective disorders and suicide behaviour among inpatients hospitalized in non-surgical wards of the University Hospital of the Federal University of Minas Gerais from November 2013 to October 2015. Sociodemographic and clinical data were obtained through a structured interview and medical record review...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713428/clinically-apparent-arterial-thrombosis-in-persons-with-systemic-vasculitis
#18
Alexander Tsoukas, Sasha Bernatsky, Lawrence Joseph, David L Buckeridge, Patrick Bélisle, Christian A Pineau
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence rate of clinically apparent arterial thrombotic events and associated comorbidities in patients with primary systemic vasculitis. METHODS: Using large cohort administrative data from Quebec, Canada, we identified patients with vasculitis, including polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) and granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). Incident acute myocardial infarctions (AMIs) and cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs) after the diagnosis of vasculitis were ascertained in the PAN and GPA group via billing and hospitalization data...
2017: International Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713285/amiloride-improves-endothelial-function-and-reduces-vascular-stiffness-in-female-mice-fed-a-western-diet
#19
Luis A Martinez-Lemus, Annayya R Aroor, Francisco I Ramirez-Perez, Guanghong Jia, Javad Habibi, Vincent G DeMarco, Brady Barron, Adam Whaley-Connell, Ravi Nistala, James R Sowers
Obese premenopausal women lose their sex related cardiovascular disease protection and develop greater arterial stiffening than age matched men. In female mice, we have shown that consumption of a Western diet (WD), high in fat and refined sugars, is associated with endothelial dysfunction and vascular stiffening, which occur via activation of mineralocorticoid receptors and associated increases in epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) activity on endothelial cells (EnNaC). Herein our aim was to determine the effect that reducing EnNaC activity with a very-low-dose of amiloride would have on decreasing endothelial and arterial stiffness in young female mice consuming a WD...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712945/intestinal-and-extraintestinal-cancers-associated-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#20
REVIEW
Minna Chang, Liisa Chang, Hanna M Chang, Fuju Chang
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with its 2 most common entities, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, causes an increased risk of developing intestinal cancers. In fact, malignancies are the second most common cause of death after cardiovascular diseases in both sexes of patients with IBD. Risk factors for colorectal cancer in IBD correlate with the duration of the disease, extent of disease, the association with primary sclerosing cholangitis, family history, and early age at onset. Patients with IBD also have an increased risk for developing a variety of extraintestinal malignancies...
June 27, 2017: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
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