keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sex and cardiovascular disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635420/the-most-common-comorbidities-in-dandy-walker-syndrome-patients-a-systematic-review-of-case-reports
#1
Emelina Stambolliu, Myrsini Ioakeim-Ioannidou, Kimonas Kontokostas, Maria Dakoutrou, Antonis A Kousoulis
OBJECTIVE: Dandy-Walker syndrome (DWS) is a rare neurologic multi-entity malformation. This review aimed at reporting its main nonneurologic comorbidities. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, search in Medline was conducted (2000-2014, keyword: dandy-walker). Age, sex, country, DWS type, consanguinity or siblings with DWS, and recorded coexistent conditions (by ICD10 category) were extracted for 187 patients (46.5% male, 43% from Asia) from 168 case reports. RESULTS: Diagnosis was most often set in <1 year old (40...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635327/within-visit-blood-pressure-variability-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-hypertensive-patients-with-non-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
Kengo Azushima, Hiromichi Wakui, Kazushi Uneda, Sona Haku, Ryu Kobayashi, Kohji Ohki, Sho Kinguchi, Kotaro Haruhara, Tetsuya Fujikawa, Yoshiyuki Toya, Satoshi Umemura, Kouichi Tamura
As there may be an association between within-visit blood pressure (BP) variability and cardiovascular disease (CVD), we investigated the clinical significance of this BP variability in non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: According to the median of coefficient of variation (CV) of three systolic BP (SBP) readings within a single visit, we divided hypertensive patients with stage G1-4 CKD already treated with antihypertensive therapy into the high SBP-CV group and the low SBP-CV group...
June 21, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635127/cardiovascular-risk-score-is-linked-to-subcutaneous-adipocyte-size-and-lipid-metabolism
#3
Mikael Rydén, Peter Arner
OBJECTIVE: Although white adipose tissue mass and distribution correlates with cardiovascular disease, the fat cell-specific perturbations underlying this association are not known. We determined the relationship between adipocyte size and lipid metabolism with cardiovascular risk. DESIGN/SUBJECTS: Adipocyte size as well as spontaneous (basal) and hormone-stimulated effects on adipocyte lipid metabolism (lipolysis and lipogenesis) were investigated in abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue of 304 men and 775 women...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634363/long-term-health-outcomes-in-patients-with-prader-willi-syndrome-a-nationwide-cohort-study-in-denmark
#4
E Hedgeman, S P Ulrichsen, S Carter, N C Kreher, K P Malobisky, M M Braun, J Fryzek, M S Olsen
BACKGROUND: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare congenital disease that affects growth, sexual development, cognitive function and behavior. Individuals exhibit food preoccupation and hyperphagia, which may lead to obesity with premature morbidity and mortality. The aim of this work was to evaluate the risk of venous thromboembolisms (VTE), myocardial infarction, pulmonary hypertension, sleep apnea, depression, anxiety and all-cause mortality among persons with PWS as compared to an age- and sex-matched general population cohort...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634267/30-years-of-the-mineralocorticoid-receptor-the-role-of-the-mineralocorticoid-receptor-in-the-vasculature
#5
REVIEW
Jennifer J DuPont, Iris Z Jaffe
Since the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) was cloned 30 years ago, it has become clear that MR is expressed in extra-renal tissues, including the cardiovascular system, where it is expressed in all cells of the vasculature. Understanding the role of MR in the vasculature has been of particular interest as clinical trials show that MR antagonism improves cardiovascular outcomes out of proportion to changes in blood pressure. The last 30 years of research have demonstrated that MR is a functional hormone-activated transcription factor in vascular smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells...
July 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633388/sex-obesity-and-blood-pressure-among-african-american-adolescents-the-jackson-heart-kids-pilot-study
#6
Marino A Bruce, Bettina M Beech, Keith C Norris, Derek M Griffith, Mario Sims, Roland J Thorpe
BACKGROUND: This study examined the degree to which sex, weight status, and the presence of hypertension and obesity in parents/grandparents were associated with systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure (BP) among African American youth in a pilot offspring study examining obesity-related cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks among adolescents. RESULTS: Fully adjusted linear regression models of the total sample produced results indicating that obesity was associated with BP (SBP: β = 7...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629621/differential-effect-of-obesity-on-prevalence-of-cardiac-and-carotid-target-organ-damage-in-hypertension-the-campania-salute-network
#7
Costantino Mancusi, Eva Gerdts, Maria Angela Losi, Andrea D'Amato, Maria Virginia Manzi, Grazia Canciello, Valentina Trimarco, Nicola De Luca, Giovanni de Simone, Raffaele Izzo
BACKGROUND: Whether increasing body mass index (BMI) is independently associated with parallel increased prevalence of hypertensive vascular and cardiac target organ damage (TOD) needs further clarification. METHODS: We analyzed 8815 hypertensive patients without prevalent cardiovascular disease, participating in the Campania Salute Network, grouped into BMI classes (normal 20-24.9kg/m(2), overweight 25-29.9kg/m(2) and obese ≥30kg/m(2)). Vascular and cardiac TOD was defined as ultrasound plaque (intima-media thickness>1...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628359/the-genetic-basis-for-sex-differences-in-obesity-and-lipid-metabolism
#8
Jenny C Link, Karen Reue
Men and women exhibit significant differences in obesity, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. To provide better diagnosis and treatment for both sexes, it is important to identify factors that underlie the observed sex differences. Traditionally, sex differences have been attributed to the differential effects of male and female gonadal secretions (commonly referred to as sex hormones), which substantially influence many aspects of metabolism and related diseases. Less appreciated as a contributor to sex differences are the fundamental genetic differences between males and females, which are ultimately determined by the presence of an XX or XY sex chromosome complement...
June 19, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627096/high-titer-of-anti-citrullinated-peptide-antibody-is-a-risk-factor-for-severe-carotid-atherosclerotic-plaque-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-the-tomorrow-study
#9
Tadashi Okano, Kentaro Inui, Yuko Sugioka, Kenichi Sugioka, Yoshiki Matsumura, Shinji Takahashi, Masahiro Tada, Kenji Mamoto, Shigeyuki Wakitani, Tatsuya Koike, Hiroaki Nakamura
AIM: Cardiovascular disease is one of the complications of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We researched the morbidity and severity of existing carotid atherosclerosis plaque and associated risk factors in patients with RA. METHOD: This study included 413 participants, including 208 patients with RA and 205 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers. Carotid ultrasound, clinical data collection and assessment of cardiovascular risk factors were performed. Atherosclerotic plaque was defined as an intima-media thickness ≥ 1...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626626/television-viewing-time-among-statin-users-and-non-users-the-polish-norwegian-study-pons
#10
Georgeta D Vaidean, Sandeep S Vansal, Marta Manczuk
Sedentary behavior has emerged as an independent cardiovascular disease risk factor. Uncertainty exists about the behaviors of statin users, who may exhibit either a healthy adherer or a false reassurance effect. We conducted this study in order to assess and compare TV viewing among statin users and nonusers. We used data from a cross-sectional study of 12,754 participants, from south-east Poland, age 45 to 64 years in 2010-11. Statin use during last 30 days was recorded by trained nurses. Participants reported time spent viewing TV/week...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626268/sex-differences-in-antipsychotic-related-metabolic-functioning-in-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#11
A Zarina Kraal, Kristen M Ward, Vicki L Ellingrod
The adverse metabolic risks associated with second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) are well known, and likely contribute to the high rate of premature mortality due to cardiovascular disease in schizophrenia. Female schizophrenia patients appear to be diagnosed with metabolic diseases at higher rates than males, which may reflect disparate adverse responses to SGAs. However, the relationship between sex, metabolic risk, and drug use is less developed. We aimed to explore this relationship further by identifying rates of metabolic disease in community dwelling schizophrenia patients by sex and SGA risk...
May 15, 2017: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626075/sex-differences-in-vascular-physiology-and-pathophysiology-estrogen-and-androgen-signaling-in-health-and-disease
#12
Austin C Boese, Seong Chul Kim, Ke-Jie Yin, Jean-Pyo Lee, Milton H Hamblin
Sex differences between women and men are often overlooked and underappreciated when studying the cardiovascular system. It has been long assumed that men and women are physiologically similar, and this notion has resulted in females being clinically evaluated and treated for cardiovascular pathophysiological complications as males. Currently, there is increased recognition of fundamental sex differences in cardiovascular function, anatomy, cell signaling, and pathophysiology. NIH has enacted guidelines expressly to gain knowledge about ways the sexes differ in both normal function and diseases at the various research levels (molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, system)...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623932/impact-of-glycemic-control-on-aortic-stiffness-left-ventricular-mass-and-diastolic-longitudinal-function-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Michaela Kozakova, Carmela Morizzo, Alan G Fraser, Carlo Palombo
BACKGROUND: Poor glycemic control is associated with impaired left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Inappropriate LV mass increase and accelerated aortic stiffening were suggested to participate on deterioration of diastolic function. The present study investigated the inter-relationships between glycemic control, early diastolic and systolic longitudinal velocity of mitral annulus, LV mass and aortic stiffness in T2DM patients free of cardiovascular disease and with preserved LV ejection fraction, and compared them with those observed in healthy volunteers of similar age and sex distribution...
June 17, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621751/geographic-variations-in-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-luxembourg
#14
Ala'a Alkerwi, Illiasse El Bahi, Saverio Stranges, Jean Beissel, Charles Delagardelle, Stephanie Noppe, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and associated behavioural and metabolic risk factors constitute a major public health concern at a global level. Many reports worldwide have documented different risk profiles for populations with demographic variations. The objective of this study was to examine geographic variations in the top leading cardio metabolic and behavioural risk factors in Luxembourg, in order to provide an overall picture of CVD burden across the country. The analysis conducted was based on data from the nationwide ORISCAV-LUX survey, including 1432 subjects, aged 18-69 years...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620070/prediction-of-adult-dyslipidemia-using-genetic-and-childhood-clinical-risk-factors-the-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-finns-study
#15
Joel Nuotio, Niina Pitkänen, Costan G Magnussen, Marie-Jeanne Buscot, Mikko S Venäläinen, Laura L Elo, Eero Jokinen, Tomi Laitinen, Leena Taittonen, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Terho Lehtimäki, Jorma S Viikari, Markus Juonala, Olli T Raitakari
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is a major modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. We examined whether the addition of novel single-nucleotide polymorphisms for blood lipid levels enhances the prediction of adult dyslipidemia in comparison to childhood lipid measures. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two thousand four hundred and twenty-two participants of the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study who had participated in 2 surveys held during childhood (in 1980 when aged 3-18 years and in 1986) and at least once in a follow-up study in adulthood (2001, 2007, and 2011) were included...
June 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619986/contribution-of-established-stroke-risk-factors-to-the-burden-of-stroke-in-young-adults
#16
Annette Aigner, Ulrike Grittner, Arndt Rolfs, Bo Norrving, Bob Siegerink, Markus A Busch
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: As stroke in young adults is assumed to have different etiologies and risk factors than in older populations, the aim of this study was to examine the contribution of established potentially modifiable cardiovascular risk factors to the burden of stroke in young adults. METHODS: A German nationwide case-control study based on patients enrolled in the SIFAP1 study (Stroke In Young Fabry Patients) 2007 to 2010 and controls from the population-based GEDA study (German Health Update) 2009 to 2010 was performed...
June 15, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619581/-cardiovascular-risk-of-smoking-by-gender
#17
Daniel Thomas
In France, the increase in the prevalence of women's smoking has been major over the past 30 years. The consequences are a significant increase and an unusual precocity of all the women's cardiovascular (CV) pathologies (myocardial infarction, stroke and aortic pathologies). Associated factors (combined oral contraception, unequal distribution of other CV risk factors by sex) increase the CV impact of women's smoking. For the same tobacco use, women have a 25% higher risk of coronary heart disease than men...
June 12, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618405/upregulation-of-circulating-mir-195-3p-in-heart-failure
#18
Xia He, Jun Ji, Tao Wang, Ming-Bang Wang, Xiao-Ling Chen
OBJECTIVES: Many circulating microRNAs (miRs) have been shown to have potential biomarker effects in cardiovascular disease. We studied the dysregulation of circulating miR-195-3p in patients with heart failure (HF) to elucidate its value as a potential biomarker for HF. METHODS: Eight ischemic HF (IHF) patients, 8 nonischemic HF patients (NIHF), and 8 healthy volunteers (matched by age and sex - normal controls [NCs]) were chosen for miR sequencing. The plasma RNA was extracted, and a small RNA library of HF was established and then sequenced using next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology...
June 16, 2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617976/atopic-dermatitis-and-risk-of-hypertension-type-2-diabetes-myocardial-infarction-and-stroke-in-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-the-canadian-partnership-for-tomorrow-project
#19
A M Drucker, A A Qureshi, T J B Dummer, L Parker, W-Q Li
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) has been associated with cardiovascular risk factors and diseases, but epidemiologic studies to date have found conflicting results. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the associations of AD with hypertension, type-2 diabetes (T2D), myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from the Canadian Partnership for Tomorrow Project which includes Canadian residents aged 30-74 living in British Columbia, Alberta, Ontario, Quebec and the Atlantic Provinces...
June 15, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617869/statins-are-related-to-impaired-exercise-capacity-in-males-but-not-females
#20
Martin Bahls, Stefan Groß, Till Ittermann, Raila Busch, Sven Gläser, Ralf Ewert, Henry Völzke, Stephan B Felix, Marcus Dörr
BACKGROUND: Exercise and statins reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD). Exercise capacity may be assessed using cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). Whether statin medication is associated with CPET parameters is unclear. We investigated if statins are related with exercise capacity during CPET in the general population. METHODS: Cross-sectional data of two independent cohorts of the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) were merged (n = 3,500; 50% males). Oxygen consumption (VO2) at peak exercise (VO2peak) and anaerobic threshold (VO2@AT) was assessed during symptom-limited CPET...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
18441
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"