keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Women and cardiovascular disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055286/in-defense-of-progesterone-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
Allan Lieberman, Luke Curtis
Context • The medical literature on the use of progesterone in postmenopausal women is often confusing and contradictory. Some physicians implicate natural progesterone in an increase in the risk of breast cancer. The chemical structure of natural progesterone (P4) is quite different from chemically altered, synthetic chemicals called progestins, which results in different actions at the cell level. Objective • The research team intended to review the literature to examine the benefits and safety of natural progesterone and determine whether it can cause an increase or decrease in breast cancer risk...
October 21, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054189/development-of-a-diagnosis-model-for-coronary-artery-disease
#2
Hongzeng Xu, Zhiying Duan, Chi Miao, Song Geng, Yuanzhe Jin
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to develop a coronary artery disease (CAD) prediction model that optimally estimates the pre-test probability of CAD for patients suspected of CAD. METHODS AND RESULTS: This retrospective, multi-centre study included 7360 consecutive patients (4678 men, 57.87±11.42 years old; 2682 women, 61.60±9.58 years old) who underwent coronary angiography for evaluation of CAD. A prediction model was fitted for diagnosis of CAD with the help of eight significant risk factors including sex, age, smoking status, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, serum creatinine and angina...
September 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054183/appropriateness-of-elective-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-and-impact-of-government-health-insurance-scheme-a-tertiary-centre-experience-from-western-india
#3
Devendra Patil, Charan Lanjewar, Goutam Vaggar, Juhi Bhargava, Girish Sabnis, Jivtesh Pahwa, Ankur Phatarpekar, Hetan Shah, Prafulla Kerkar
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of data regarding the appropriateness of elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a limited-resource country such as India. In an attempt to rationalise the use of PCI, Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) were developed for cardiovascular care in the USA. In the Indian context, considering the high prevalence of coronary artery disease, the dramatic rise in the number of revascularization procedures and an increasing role of government/private reimbursements, application of AUC could potentially guide policy to optimize the utilization of resources and the benefit-risk ratio for individual patients...
September 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053997/association-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-exposure-with-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-risk-a-role-of-mean-platelet-volume-or-club-cell-secretory-protein
#4
Chen Hu, Jian Hou, Yun Zhou, Huizhen Sun, Wenjun Yin, Youjian Zhang, Xian Wang, Guiyang Wang, Weihong Chen, Jing Yuan
BACKGROUND: Inflammation may play an important role in the association between exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of PAHs exposure with ASCVD risk and effects of mean platelet volume (MPV) or Club cell secretory protein (CC16) on the association. METHODS: A total of 2022 subjects (689 men and 1333 women) were drawn from the baseline Wuhan residents of the Wuhan-Zhuhai Cohort study...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053901/familial-hypercholesterolaemia-in-patients-with-ischemic-stroke-or-transient-ischemic-attack
#5
Thomas Toell, Lukas Mayer, Raimund Pechlaner, Stefan Krebs, Karin Willeit, Clemens Lang, Christian Boehme, Barbara Prantl, Michael Knoflach, Julia Ferrari, Philipp Fuchs, Wolfgang Prokop, Andrea Griesmacher, Wilfried Lang, Stefan Kiechl, Johann Willeit
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Identification of patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a prerequisite for the appropriate management of their excess cardiovascular risk. It is currently unknown how many patients with acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) are affected by FH and whether systematic screening for FH is warranted in these patients. METHODS: The prevalence of a clinical diagnosis of FH was estimated in a large representative series of patients with acute ischemic stroke or TIA (ABCD2 score ≥3) using the Dutch Lipid Clinic Network Algorithm (DLCNA; possible FH ≥3, probable/definite FH ≥6)...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053723/heart-rate-variability-and-baroreceptor-reflex-sensitivity-in-early-versus-late-onset-preeclampsia
#6
Thomas Michael Weber, Helmut Karl Lackner, Andreas Roessler, Ilona Papousek, Vassiliki Kolovetsiou-Kreiner, Miha Lucovnik, Karin Schmid-Zalaudek, Uwe Lang, Manfred Georg Moertl
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there are differences in autonomic nervous system function in early- versus late-onset preeclampsia. METHODS: Matched case-control study. Cases were defined as singleton pregnancies with preeclampsia at < 34+0 weeks of gestation (early-onset preeclampsia) and ≥ 34+0 weeks of gestation (late-onset preeclampsia). For each case in each of the preeclampsia subgroups, three "control"uncomplicated singleton pregnancies were matched by maternal age, height, and week of gestation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052034/high-molecular-weight-adiponectin-levels-in-healthy-community-dwelling-elderly-japanese-volunteers-a-5-year-prospective-observational-study
#7
Hiromasa Otsuka, Mitsuru Yanai, Hiroki Kobayashi, Akira Haketa, Motohiko Hara, Kaoru Sugama, Kimitoshi Kato, Masayoshi Soma
BACKGROUND: Serum adiponectin levels are associated with frailty and cardiovascular diseases. Longitudinal changes in adiponectin levels might enhance our understanding of age-related conditions and diseases. AIMS: This prospective observational study aimed to: (1) elucidate age-related changes in high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin levels; and (2) identify variables predictive of elevated HMW adiponectin levels and the association with well-known adiponectin single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in healthy, elderly Japanese participants...
October 19, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051518/the-years-of-life-lost-on-cardiovascular-disease-attributable-to-ambient-temperature-in-china
#8
Guijie Luan, Peng Yin, Tiantian Li, Lijun Wang, Maigeng Zhou
Few studies have examined the association between ambient temperature and years of life lost (YLL). We aim to explore the burden of cardiovascular disease attributed to non-optimum temperature in China. YLL provides a complementary measure for examining the burden of disease due to ambient temperature. Non-optimal temperature leads to the increase of YLL. The mortality of fourteen cities in China during 2008-2013 was included in this study. We used the Distributed Lag Non-linear Model (DLNM) to estimate the association between daily mean temperature and YLL, controlling for long term trends, day of the week, seasonality and relative humidity...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049937/risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-among-women-with-endometrial-cancer-compared-to-cancer-free-women-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#9
Ashley S Felix, Amy Lehman, Randi E Foraker, Michelle J Naughton, Julie K Bower, Lewis Kuller, Gloria E Sarto, Marcia L Stefanick, Linda Van Horn, Rebecca D Jackson, Electra D Paskett
BACKGROUND: The majority of women diagnosed with endometrial cancer (EC) have low cancer-specific mortality; however, a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors places EC patients at high risk of developing CVD. In the Women's Health Initiative (WHI), we assessed the hypothesis that CVD risk was higher among women who developed EC compared with women who did not develop EC. METHODS: We compared the incidence of fatal and non-fatal CVD events among 1,179 women who developed Type I EC, 211 women who developed Type II EC, and 92,217 women who did not develop EC...
October 16, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049820/association-of-history-of-gestational-diabetes-with-long-term-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-a-large-prospective-cohort-of-us-women
#10
Deirdre K Tobias, Jennifer J Stuart, Shanshan Li, Jorge Chavarro, Eric B Rimm, Janet Rich-Edwards, Frank B Hu, JoAnn E Manson, Cuilin Zhang
Importance: Previous studies identify gestational diabetes (GD) as a risk factor for intermediate markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk; however, few are prospective, evaluate hard CVD end points, or account for shared risk factors including body weight and lifestyle. Objective: To prospectively evaluate history of GD in relation to incident CVD risk. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Nurses' Health Study II (NHS II) is an observational cohort study of US female nurses established in 1989, with ongoing follow-up...
October 16, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049465/pregnancy-and-subsequent-glucose-intolerance-in-women-of-childbearing-age-heeding-the-early-warning-signs-for-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-women
#11
Erica P Gunderson, Marc G Jaffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049454/association-of-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number-with-cardiovascular-disease
#12
Foram N Ashar, Yiyi Zhang, Ryan J Longchamps, John Lane, Anna Moes, Megan L Grove, Josyf C Mychaleckyj, Kent D Taylor, Josef Coresh, Jerome I Rotter, Eric Boerwinkle, Nathan Pankratz, Eliseo Guallar, Dan E Arking
Importance: Mitochondrial dysfunction is a core component of the aging process and may play a key role in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNA-CN), which represents the number of mitochondria per cell and number of mitochondrial genomes per mitochondrion, is an indirect biomarker of mitochondrial function. Objective: To determine whether mtDNA-CN, measured in an easily accessible tissue (buffy coat/circulating leukocytes), can improve risk classification for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and help guide initiation of statin therapy for primary prevention of CVD...
October 11, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049384/ideal-cardiovascular-health-predicts-lower-risk-of-abnormal-liver-enzymes-levels-in-the-chilean-national-health-survey-2009-2010
#13
Antonio García-Hermoso, Anthony C Hackney, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
High levels of gamma glutamyltransferase (gamma-GT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), as well as fatty liver index (FLI) has been associated with higher cardiovascular disease risk factors in adults. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between gamma-GT, ALT, and fatty liver index FLI levels across a gradient number of ideal cardiovascular health metrics in a representative sample of adults from the Chilean National Health Survey 2009-2010. Data from 1,023 men and 1,449 women (≥ 15 years) from the Chilean Health Survey 2009-2010 were analyzed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049200/subclinical-atherosclerosis-and-history-of-cardiovascular-events-in-italian-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-girrcs-gruppo-italiano-di-ricerca-in-reumatologia-clinica-e-sperimentale-study
#14
Piero Ruscitti, Domenico Paolo Emanuele Margiotta, Federica Macaluso, Daniela Iacono, Francesca D'Onofrio, Giacomo Emmi, Fabiola Atzeni, Marcella Prete, Federico Perosa, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Lorenzo Emmi, Francesco Paolo Cantatore, Giovanni Triolo, Antonella Afeltra, Roberto Giacomelli, Gabriele Valentini
Several studies have pointed out a significant association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and accelerated atherosclerosis. At the best of our knowledge, no such study has been carried out in a large Italian series and, in this study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of both subclinical atherosclerosis and history of cardiovascular events (CVEs), in patients consecutively admitted from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015 to Rheumatology Units throughout the whole Italy.Centers members of GIRRCS (Gruppo Italiano di Ricerca in Reumatologia Clinica e Sperimentale) were invited to enrol patients consecutively admitted from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015 and satisfying American College of Rheumatology/ European League Against Rheumatism criteria for RA and to investigate each of them for: traditional cardiovascular risk factors: sex, age, smoking habit, total cholesterol, triglycerides, glycaemia, high blood pressure, metabolic syndrome (MS), type 2 diabetes (T2D); RA features: disease duration as assessed from the first symptom, disease activity as evaluated by DAS28, radiographic damage as assessed by hands and feet x-ray, and previous joint surgery; prevalence of both subclinical atherosclerosis and history of CVEs...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049018/prevalence-of-single-and-multiple-leading-causes-of-death-by-race-ethnicity-among-us-adults-aged-60-to-79-years
#15
James Davis, Janell Penha, Omar Mbowe, Deborah A Taira
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD) (coronary artery disease, heart attack, and angina pectoris), and chronic lung disease (emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) are major causes of death in the United States. The objective of this study was to assess racial/ethnic differences in the prevalence of these conditions as cause of death among people aged 60 to 79 years with one or more of these conditions. METHODS: We used data on the prevalence of major chronic conditions from the National Health Interview Survey on 56,290 adults aged 60 to 79 years who reported having any of the chronic conditions assessed in the National Health Interview Survey for 2006 through 2014...
October 19, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046988/should-pre-hypertension-be-treated
#16
REVIEW
Hiroshi Kanegae, Takamitsu Oikawa, Kazuomi Kario
Hypertension is an important preventable risk factor for disease and death worldwide. In light of the world's population growth and aging, hypertension is a global public health issue. Many studies have shown associations between pre-hypertension and a higher risk of the future development of hypertension and cardiovascular disease in general populations. However, pre-hypertension per se is not a disease with an immediate high risk, and the clinical value of the identification of pre-hypertension is the potential detection of the early stage of the risk of hypertension and/or cardiovascular disease over an individual's lifespan...
October 18, 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046520/the-impact-of-salt-intake-during-and-after-pregnancy
#17
Kei Asayama, Yutaka Imai
Although high blood pressure before pregnancy is associated with a risk of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia, no convincing evidence has been produced to show that dietary salt reduction helps in the prevention and treatment of hypertension during pregnancy. Thus the current guidelines do not recommend a sodium restriction during pregnancy to prevent gestational hypertension and the development of preeclampsia. However, the long-term impact of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy for life-threatening diseases later in life is a critical issue...
October 19, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046001/-different-symptoms-and-course-of-coronary-heart-disease-in%C3%A2-men%C3%A2-and-women
#18
Christopher Hohmann, Roman Pfister, Guido Michels
According to the federal statistical office, cardiovascular disorders are still the leading cause of death in Germany. Chronic ischemic heart disease and acute myocardial infarction are the most important subgroups. In addition to evidence-based and personalized medicine, in recent years gender medicine has been established as an independent research area. Gender differences are evident in the majority of prevalent diseases, including cardiovascular disorders. The following article provides an insight into the diagnostically and therapeutically specific aspects of coronary heart disease in men and women...
October 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045312/validation-of-the-nonlaboratory-based-framingham-cardiovascular-disease-risk-assessment-algorithm-in-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-dataset
#19
Jacob K Kariuki, Eileen M Stuart-Shor, Suzanne G Leveille, Philimon Gona, Jerry Cromwell, Laura L Hayman
BACKGROUND: Nonlaboratory-based (non-LB) algorithms have been developed to facilitate absolute cardiovascular risk assessment in resource-constrained settings. The non-LB Framingham algorithm, which substitute BMI for lipids in laboratory-based Framingham, exhibits best performance among non-LB algorithms. However, its external validity has not been evaluated. AIM: To examine the validity of non-LB Framingham algorithm in Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities dataset, and contrast performance with the laboratory-based Framingham algorithm...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045309/cardiovascular-mortality-among-76%C3%A2-864-survivors-of-childhood-cancers-in-the-united-states-a-report-from-the-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-program
#20
Saurav Uppal, Sadeer G Al-Kindi, Guilherme H Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors have increased risk for cardiovascular disease. We sought to describe the trends of cardiovascular mortality (CVM) among survivors of childhood cancers in the United States. METHODS: We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End-Results 18 database to identify all children who were diagnosed with childhood cancers between 1973 and 2013. We describe the incidence of CVM in four eras (era 1: 1973-1982, era 2: 1983-1992, era 3: 1993-2002, and era 4: 2003-2013)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
keyword
keyword
18440
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"