keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Glucose cardiovascular risk

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914526/jiawei-erzhiwan-improves-menopausal-metabolic-syndrome-by-enhancing-insulin-secretion-in-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells
#1
Xiao-Meng Wan, Mu Zhang, Pei Zhang, Zhi-Shen Xie, Feng-Guo Xu, Ping Zhou, Shi-Ping Ma, Xiao-Jun Xu
Menopausal metabolic syndrome (MMS) is a series of syndrome caused by ovarian function decline and hormone insufficiency, and is a high risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Erzhiwan (EZW), composed of Herba Ecliptae and Fructus Ligustri Lucidi, is a traditional Chinese herbal formula that has been used to treat menopausal syndrome for many years. We added Herba Epimedii, Radix Rehmanniae, and Fructus Corni into EZW, to prepare a new formula, termed Jiawei Erzhiwan (JE)...
November 2016: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911121/endocan-is-a-predictor-of-increased-cardiovascular-risk-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#2
Merve Bicer, Aslı Guler, Gokcen Unal Kocabas, Cetin Imamoglu, Ali Baloglu, Oktay Bilgir, Arif Yuksel, Giray Bozkaya, Mehmet Calan
PURPOSE: Endocan is a proteoglycan secreted mainly from endothelial cells. It has been implicated that there is a link between endocan and endothelial dysfunction. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive and metabolic disease associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events. The aims of this study were to ascertain whether circulating endocan levels are altered in women with PCOS, and whether there is an association between endocan and carotid intima media thickness (cIMT)...
December 2, 2016: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908389/hypertension-obesity-diabetes-and%C3%A2-heart%C3%A2-failure-free-survival-the-cardiovascular-disease-lifetime-risk-pooling-project
#3
Faraz S Ahmad, Hongyan Ning, Jonathan D Rich, Clyde W Yancy, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, John T Wilkins
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to quantify the relationship between the absence of heart failure risk factors in middle age and incident heart failure, heart failure-free survival, and overall survival. BACKGROUND: Quantification of years lived free from heart failure in the context of risk factor burden in mid-life may improve risk communication and prevention efforts. METHODS: We conducted a pooled, individual-level analysis sampling from communities across the United States as part of 4 cohort studies: the Framingham Heart, Framingham Offspring, Chicago Heart Association Detection Project in Industry, and ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk In Communities) studies...
December 2016: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908300/serum-complement-c3-strongly-correlates-with-whole-body-insulin-sensitivity-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#4
Francesco Ursini, Salvatore D'Angelo, Emilio Russo, Franco Arturi, Lucia D'Antona, Caterina Bruno, Saverio Naty, Giovambattista De Sarro, Ignazio Olivieri, Rosa Daniela Grembiale
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterised by an excess of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk, attributable to a synergy between under-diagnosed traditional risk factors (i.e. insulin resistance) and inflammatory disease activity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between inflammatory measures and insulin sensitivity in RA patients. METHODS: Forty non-diabetic RA patients (19 males) were recruited. All patients underwent anthropometric measurements, laboratory evaluation and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)...
October 27, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906837/different-impacts-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-on-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-the-rancho-bernardo-study
#5
Jee-Young Oh, Matthew A Allison, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor
OBJECTIVES: Although the prevalence rates of hypertension (HTN) and diabetes mellitus are slowing in some high-income countries, HTN and diabetes mellitus remain as the two major risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD), the leading cause of death in the United States and worldwide. We aimed to observe the association of HTN and diabetes mellitus with all-cause and CVD mortality in older white adults. METHODS: All community-dwelling Rancho Bernardo Study participants who were at least 55 years old and had carefully measured blood pressure and plasma glucose from 75-g oral glucose tolerance test at the baseline visit (1984-1987, n = 2186) were followed up until death or the last clinic visit in 2013 (median 14...
January 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906721/preoperative-evaluation-and-preparation-of-the-morbidly-obese-patient
#6
Andreas B Böhmer, Frank Wappler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to familiarize with the most current findings regarding preoperative evaluation and preparation of morbidly obese patients prior to elective, noncardiac surgery. In the light of the increasing number of surgical patients being morbidly obese, the knowledge of evidence-based preoperative evaluation strategies is profound for a rational approach. RECENT FINDINGS: Preoperative evaluation should be carried out with sufficient time before the day of surgery to allow modification of the perioperative management...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906553/short-adult-stature-predicts-impaired-beta-cell-function-insulin-resistance-glycemia-and-type-2-diabetes-in-finnish-men
#7
Jagadish Vangipurapu, Alena Stančáková, Raimo Jauhiainen, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso
CONTEXT: Recent studies have highlighted the role of height in complex diseases but conflicting information has been reported on height as a predictor of changes in glycemia and risk of type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the association of height with insulin sensitivity, insulin secretion, glycemia, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in a large prospective population-based study. DESIGN: The study included 8,746 Finnish men (mean±SD, age 57...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905649/-hyperinsulinemia-and-insulin-resistance-in-children
#8
Ana Beatriz Rosas-Sumano, Francisco Javier Rodal-Canales, Margarita Barrientos Pérez, Beatriz Eugenia Cárdenas-Morales, Laura Pérez-Campos Mayoral, Eduardo Pérez-Campos
BACKGROUND: Obesity during childhood is a risk factor for developing cardiovascular diseases during adulthood. AIM: To measure insulin and glucose levels and parameters of insulin resistance in obese, overweight and normal weight Mexican children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Comparative study of 21 obese children with a body mass index (BMI) over percentile 95, aged 10 ± 1 years (10 males), 14 children aged 10 ± 2 (7 males) with a BMI between percentiles 85 and 94 and 16 children aged 9 ± 2 years (3 males) with a body mass index between percentiles 10 and 84...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905643/-inverse-association-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-chilean-adults
#9
Carlos Cristi-Montero, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Cristian Alvarez, Alex Garrido Méndez, María Adela Martínez, Ximena Díaz Martínez, Ana María Leiva, Carlos Salas, Manuel Gutiérrez, Ruth Sanzana-Inzunza, Eliana Durán, Ana María Labraña, Nicolás Aguilar-Farías, Carlos Celis-Morales
BACKGROUND: A high level of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is an important protector against cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. AIM: To explore the association of CRF with several metabolic markers and estimate the variation of these parameters by an increase of 1 MET change in CRF. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 447 adults (56% women) without medical history of cardiometabolic diseases. Physical activity evaluated using accelerometry, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, blood glucose and insulin and lipid profile were measured...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904566/the-characteristics-of-pre-diabetic-patients-associated-with-body-composition-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-the-iranian-population
#10
Zahra Gholi, Motahar Heidari-Beni, Awat Feizi, Bijan Iraj, Gholamreza Askari
BACKGROUND: Different populations have shown various patterns of association between impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and body composition parameters and risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The current study aimed at investigating the differences between persons with prediabetes and healthy people in terms of CVD risk factors including body composition parameters, blood pressure, and lipid profile in a sample of the Iranian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a case-control setting, a sample containing 386 (193 prediabetic subjects and 193 normal subjects) of the first-degree relatives of diabetic patients aged 35-55 years were investigated...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903376/-the-prevalence-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-metrics-in-southeast-chinese-middle-aged-men
#11
S W Shen, Y Lu, H J Qi, C J Yang, Y P Wang, F Li, K D Shui, Z H Shen
Objective: To observe the prevalence and distribution of ideal cardiovascular health metrics in middle-aged men living in Su-Xi-Chang region and explore the relationship between health behavior and health factors. Methods: A total of 27 824 middle-aged men, who took part in health examination in the Center for Healthcare Management, Taihu Rehabilitation Hospital of Jiangsu Province from January 2014 to June 2015, were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. The ideal cardiovascular health metrics were defined by the American Heart Association criteria with minor modification in that the amount of vegetable intake was replaced by salt intake...
October 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903298/meal-rich-in-carbohydrate-but-not-protein-or-fat-reveals-adverse-immunometabolic-responses-associated-with-obesity
#12
Ehsan Parvaresh Rizi, Sonia Baig, Muhammad Shabeer, Yvonne Teo, Shao Feng Mok, Tze Ping Loh, Faidon Magkos, Sam Virtue, Antonio Vidal-Puig, E Shyong Tai, Chin Meng Khoo, Sue-Anne Toh
BACKGROUND: Obesity-related insulin resistance is linked to inflammation. Immunometabolic function differs between lean and obese subjects, but whether macronutrient composition of ingested meals affects these responses is not well known. We examined the effects of a single meal rich in fat, protein, or carbohydrate on immunometabolic responses. METHODS: Nine lean insulin sensitive (LIS) men and 9 obese insulin resistant (OIR) men ingested high-carbohydrate (HC), high-fat (HF) or high-protein (HP) mixed meals in random order...
December 1, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901241/cardiovascular-risk-factors-associated-with-frailty-syndrome-among-hospitalized-elderly-people-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Darlene Mara Dos Santos Tavares, Camila Gigante Colamego, Maycon Sousa Pegorari, Pollyana Cristina Dos Santos Ferreira, Flávia Aparecida Dias, Alisson Fernandes Bolina
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Identification of frailty syndrome and its relationship with cardiovascular risk factors among hospitalized elderly people is important, since this may contribute towards broadening of knowledge regarding this association within tertiary-level services. This study aimed to evaluate the cardiovascular risk factors associated with frailty syndrome among hospitalized elderly people. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational cross-sectional study in a public teaching hospital...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899399/ideal-cardiovascular-health-score-and-incident-end-stage-renal-disease-in-a-community-based-longitudinal-cohort-study-the-kailuan-study
#14
Quan Le Han, Shou Ling Wu, Xiao Xue Liu, Sha Sha An, Yun Tao Wu, Jing Sheng Gao, Shuo Hua Chen, Xiao Kun Liu, Qi Zhang, Rui Ying Mao, Xiao Ming Shang, Jost B Jonas
OBJECTIVES: To investigate an association between ideal cardiovascular health metrics (CVH) and the risk of developing end-stage renal disease (ESRD). SETTING: Community of Kailuan in Tangshan/China. PARTICIPANTS: We examined in a community-based longitudinal cohort study 91 443 participants without history of stroke or myocardial infarction at baseline in 2006-2007, with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥15 mL/min at baseline, and who participated in at least 1 of 3 follow-up examinations in 2008-2009, 2010-2011 and 2012-2013...
November 29, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898586/an-update-on-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitors-for-the-treatment-of-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Daniel S Hsia, Owen Grove, William T Cefalu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are the newest class of oral antihyperglycemic agents that have been approved for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Over the past year, there have been significant developments in both the safety and efficacy of this class of medications that are presented in this review. RECENT FINDINGS: Apart from data on the glucose-lowering effect of SGLT2 inhibitors, other metabolic benefits have been demonstrated for this class of medications...
November 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895093/stroke-paradox-with-sglt-2-inhibitors-a-play-of-chance-or-a-viscosity-mediated-reality
#16
REVIEW
Konstantinos P Imprialos, Chrysoula Boutari, Konstantinos Stavropoulos, Michael Doumas, Asterios I Karagiannis
Diabetes mellitus is a major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Current therapeutic strategies have not provided constant beneficial cardiovascular-related results. Sodium-glucose co-transporters 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors have emerged as a novel antidiabetic class of drugs that exert favourable results in a variety of other cardiovascular risk factors too, such as increased blood pressure and body weight. The Empagliflozin, Cardiovascular Outcomes, and Mortality in Type 2 Diabetes (EMPA-REG OUTCOME) study was the first trial that evaluated cardiovascular outcomes in patients with diabetes with the use of empagliflozin, a member of this new class of drugs...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894750/risk-factors-for-autonomic-and-somatic-nerve-dysfunction-in-different-stages-of-glucose-tolerance
#17
Rumyana Dimova, Tsvetalina Tankova, Velina Guergueltcheva, Ivailo Tournev, Nevena Chakarova, Greta Grozeva, Lilia Dakovska
AIM: The present study evaluates autonomic and somatic nerve function in different stages of glucose tolerance and its correlation with different cardio-metabolic parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four hundred seventy-eight subjects, mean age 49.3±13.7years and mean BMI 31.0±6.2kg/m2, divided according to glucose tolerance: 130 with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), 227 with prediabetes (125 with impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and 102 with isolated impaired glucose tolerance (iIGT)), and 121 with newly-diagnosed T2D (NDT2D), were enrolled...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894602/evolution-and-degree-of-control-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-after-5-years-of-follow-up-and-their-relationship-with-the-incidence-of-peripheral-arterial-disease-artper-cohort
#18
Rosa Forés, María Teresa Alzamora, Guillem Pera, Marta Valverde, Maria Angla, José Miguel Baena-Díez, Xavier Mundet-Tuduri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Although cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) are well known, their degree of control is not optimal. The aim of this study is to assess the evolution and control of CVRFs after 5 years of monitoring a population-based cohort and their association with the incidence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). MATERIAL AND METHOD: Prospective cohort study recruited between 2006-2008. Second phase between 2011-2012. An ankle brachial index was determined for all participants in both phases...
November 25, 2016: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894250/pathological-interactions-between-the-endothelin-1-and-the-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-among-tunisian-coronary-patients
#19
Abdelkader Chalghoum, Yosri Noichri, Azza Dandana, Bruno Baudin, Abdelhédi Miled, Salima Ferchichi
BACKGROUND: The correct understanding of the biochemical and metabolic interactions between coronary risk factors contribute to the exploration of cardiovascular pathophysiology and improves therapeutic care. The aim of this study was to explore the endothelin-1 (ET-1) concentration and the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity among Tunisian patients with coronary heart disease, and to investigate the metabolic relationships between these two markers,… and to assess the possible relationship between them and the different risk factors...
November 29, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894216/bone-effects-of-canagliflozin-a-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitor-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Thomas C Blevins, Azeez Farooki
Canagliflozin, a sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), lowers blood glucose by inhibiting renal glucose reabsorption and increasing urinary glucose excretion. It has been reported that SGLT2 inhibitors may have potential adverse effects on bone, including increased fracture risk and decreased bone mineral density (BMD). Across clinical studies, canagliflozin was not associated with meaningful changes in serum or urine calcium, vitamin D, or parathyroid hormone...
November 28, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
keyword
keyword
18435
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"