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Glucose cardiovascular risk

Emma Weiss, Cristina Japie, Ana Maria Balahura, Daniela Bartos, Elisabeta Badila
BACKGROUND: The Roma population has a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, higher mortality, and shorter life expectancy. It is found in largest numbers in Romania, but published data are still scarce here. We studied cardiovascular risk factors and disease along with target organ damage on a population of Roma inhabitants from Bucharest, Romania. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled, in a community-based participatory research manner, 806 Roma subjects (18-83 years)...
March 19, 2018: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
Gaëlle Cheisson, Sophie Jacqueminet, Emmanuel Cosson, Carole Ichai, Anne-Marie Leguerrier, Bogdan Nicolescu-Catargi, Alexandre Ouattara, Igor Tauveron, Paul Valensi, Dan Benhamou
In diabetic patients undergoing surgery, we recommend assessing glycaemic control preoperatively by assessing glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and recent capillary blood sugar (glucose) levels, and to adjust any treatments accordingly before surgery, paying particular attention to specific complications of diabetes. Gastroparesis creates a risk of stasis and aspiration of gastric content at induction of anaesthesia requiring the use of a rapid sequence induction technique. Cardiac involvement can be divided into several types...
March 17, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
José J van den Driessche, Jogchum Plat, Ronald P Mensink
Functional foods can be effective in the prevention of metabolic syndrome and subsequently the onset of cardiovascular diseases and type II diabetes mellitus. More recently, however, another term was introduced to describe foods with additional health benefits: "superfoods", for which, to date, no generally accepted definition exists. Nonetheless, their consumption might contribute to the prevention of metabolic syndrome, for example due to the presence of potentially bioactive compounds. This review provides an overview of controlled human intervention studies with foods described as "superfoods" and their effects on metabolic syndrome parameters...
March 20, 2018: Food & Function
Bo Liu, Zhihao Chen, Xiaoqi Dong, Guangming Qin
OBJECTIVES: Comorbid hypertension and hyperhomocysteinemia is an important risk factor for carotid atherosclerotic plaque formation. We put forward the hypothesis that the subjects with comorbid prehypertension and hyperhomocysteinemia also had an increased risk of subclinical atherosclerosis, using carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) as the marker of the atherosclerotic process. METHODS: A total of 4102 asymptomatic Chinese subjects aged 18-60 years were divided into four groups according to blood pressure (BP) and homocysteine (HCY) level: the control group without prehypertension or hyperhomocysteinemia, isolated prehypertension group, simple hyperhomocysteinemia group and prehypertension with hyperhomocysteinemia group...
March 19, 2018: BMJ Open
M Urpi-Sarda, E Almanza-Aguilera, R Llorach, R Vázquez-Fresno, R Estruch, D Corella, J V Sorli, F Carmona, A Sanchez-Pla, J Salas-Salvadó, C Andres-Lacueva
AIM: To characterize the urinary metabolomic fingerprint and multi-metabolite signature associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D), and to classify the population into metabotypes related to T2D. METHODS: A metabolomics analysis using the1 H-NMR-based, non-targeted metabolomic approach was conducted to determine the urinary metabolomic fingerprint of T2D compared with non-T2D participants in the PREDIMED trial. The discriminant metabolite fingerprint was subjected to logistic regression analysis and ROC analyses to establish and to assess the multi-metabolite signature of T2D prevalence, respectively...
February 20, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism
Boonnisa Sangkaew, Manit Nuinoon, Nutjaree Jeenduang
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) polymorphisms have been found associated with MetS and serum 25(OH)D levels but these associations remain controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the VDR polymorphisms and MetS, metabolic components, and serum 25(OH)D levels within the Thai population. A case-control study included 237 participants with MetS according to the MetS diagnostic criteria of NCEP ATPIII and 376 controls...
March 16, 2018: Gene
Jenifer K McIntyre, Jessica I Lundin, James R Cameron, Michelle I Chow, Jay W Davis, John P Incardona, Nathaniel L Scholz
Adult coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) prematurely die when they return from the ocean to spawn in urban watersheds throughout northwestern North America. The available evidence suggests the annual mortality events are caused by toxic stormwater runoff. The underlying pathophysiology of the urban spawner mortality syndrome is not known, and it is unclear whether closely related species of Pacific salmon are similarly at risk. The present study co-exposed adult coho and chum (O. keta) salmon to runoff from a high traffic volume urban arterial roadway...
March 16, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Ling Huang, Jun-Hua Peng, Qing-Hua Liang, Rui-Xing Yin, Cheng-Wu Liu, Shang-Ling Pan, Hao Huang, Hua-Yu Wu, Rui-Jing Gan, Lan-Ying Tang, Li-Na Zhu, Yan-Zhen Xu, Si-Bang Chen, Xiao-Ling Zhou
OBJECTIVES: To look at the possible effect of IGF2R rs9456497 on cardiovascular risks in a long-lived population. METHODS: IGF-2R rs9456497 was genotyped by iMLDR for 496 long-lived Zhuang Chinese (90-107 y/o) and their offspring (n = 723, 60-75 y/o) and healthy controls (n = 611, 60-75 y/o). Association analyses were then conducted among genotypes and cardiovascular risks. RESULTS: The G genotype (GA/GG) was found to represent more frequently in males of general population...
March 3, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Laurent Yvan-Charvet, Bertrand Cariou
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death worldwide with over 17 million deaths every year and represent a major public health challenge. The last decade has seen the emergence of novel antiatherogenic therapies. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite intensive lipid and blood pressure interventions, the burden of CVD is expected to markedly progress because of the global aging of the population and increasing exposure to detrimental lifestyle-related risk...
March 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Lipidology
Jiadela Teliewubai, Bin Bai, Yiwu Zhou, Yuyan Lu, Shikai Yu, Chen Chi, Jue Li, Jacques Blacher, Yawei Xu, Yi Zhang
Objective: Secreted frizzled related protein 5 (SFRP5) is a novel anti-inflammatory adipokine that is implicated in metabolic and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, little is known about the relevance of SFRP5 with asymptomatic hypertensive target organ damages (TODs). We aimed to investigate the association between SFRP5 and TOD in a large population. Clinical trial registration: NCT02368938. Methods: A total of 1,745 community-dwelling elderly subjects aged over 65 years from northern Shanghai were recruited in the study...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Geoff Hackett, Mike Kirby, Kevan Wylie, Adrian Heald, Nick Ossei-Gerning, David Edwards, Asif Muneer
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the 2008 British Society for Sexual Medicine (BSSM) guidelines. AIM: To provide up-to-date guidance for U.K. (and international) health care professionals managing male sexual dysfunction. METHODS: Source information was obtained from peer-reviewed articles, meetings, and presentations. A search of Embase, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Reviews was performed, covering the search terms "hypogonadism," "eugonadal or hypogonadism or hypogonadal or gonadal," and "low or lower testosterone," starting from 2009 with a cut-off date of September 2017...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Tina H T Chiu, Wen-Harn Pan, Ming-Nan Lin, Chin-Lon Lin
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vegetarian diets are inversely associated with diabetes in Westerners but their impact on Asians-whose pathophysiology differ from Westerners-is unknown. We aim to investigate the association between a vegetarian diet, change in dietary patterns and diabetes risk in a Taiwanese Buddhist population. METHODS: We prospectively followed 2918 non-smoking, non-alcohol drinking Buddhists free of diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases at baseline, for a median of 5 years, with 183 incident diabetes cases confirmed...
March 9, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
David S Olshan, Daniel J Rader
The angiopoietin-like proteins are a family of proteins that share structural similarities to the angiopoietins. These proteins have been described to play a key role in the regulation of a myriad of physiologic processes, including serving as essential modulators of lipid and glucose metabolism. Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) is a key regulator of lipoprotein lipase, and its modulation has been shown to significantly impact the body's processing and distribution of triglycerides and cholesterol. Although more research remains to elucidate the full range of mechanisms through which ANGPTL4 affects triglyceride and cholesterol homeostasis, current research has associated decreased ANGPTL4 function with a beneficial effect on lipid parameters and overall cardiovascular disease risk, opening the possibility of ANGPTL4 as a new therapeutic target for the treatment of cardiovascular disease...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Darshan Khangura, L Romayne Kurukulasuriya, Adam Whaley-Connell, James R Sowers
The presence of hypertension in individuals with type 2 diabetes augments the risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. In this regard, data support that management of hypertension in this high-risk population is a critical risk reduction strategy. In recent years, a number of work groups have redefined hypertension, management strategies, and targets. In this context, there is still considerable discussion on an appropriate target for blood pressure in the diabetic population. However, despite this discussion on target blood pressure, it is widely recognized that there is considerable residual risk for heightened cardiovascular events in the hypertensive, diabetic population despite widespread awareness and treatment...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Soo Lim, Robert H Eckel, Kwang Kon Koh
The final goal in the management of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is reduction in cardiovascular (CV) complications and total mortality. Various factors including hyperglycemia contribute to these complications and mortality directly and indirectly. In recent years, large-scale CV outcome trials with new antidiabetic medications, such as dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) inhibitors, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP1) receptor agonists, and sodium glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors, have been completed...
March 8, 2018: Atherosclerosis
Maria Luz Fernandez, Minu Sara Thomas, Bruno S Lemos, Diana M DiMarco, Amanda Missimer, Melissa Melough, Ock K Chun, Ana Gabriela Murillo, Hana Alyousef, Isabel Medina-Vera
BACKGROUND: Telomerase Activator 65 (TA-65), a compound extracted from Astragalus membranaceus has been used in Chinese traditional medicine for extending life span. Scarce information exists on the effects of TA-65 on parameters of metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: We recruited 40 patients with MetS to determine the effects of TA-65 on dyslipidemias, hypertension, and oxidative stress in this at-risk population. The study was a double-blind, randomized crossover design in which patients were allocated to consume either 16 mg daily of a TA-65 supplement or a placebo for 12 weeks...
March 15, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Mika Hilvo, Tuire Salonurmi, Aki S Havulinna, Dimple Kauhanen, Eva Ringdal Pedersen, Grethe S Tell, Klaus Meyer, Anna-Maria Teeriniemi, Tiina Laatikainen, Pekka Jousilahti, Markku J Savolainen, Ottar Nygård, Veikko Salomaa, Reijo Laaksonen
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Ceramide lipids have a role in the development of insulin resistance, diabetes and risk of cardiovascular disease. Here we investigated four ceramides and their ratios to find the best predictors of incident diabetes. METHODS: A validated mass-spectrometric method was applied to measure Cer(d18:1/16:0), Cer(d18:1/18:0), Cer(d18:1/24:0) and Cer(d18:1/24:1) from serum or plasma samples. These ceramides were analysed in a population-based risk factor study (FINRISK 2002, n = 8045), in a cohort of participants undergoing elective coronary angiography for suspected stable angina pectoris (Western Norway Coronary Angiography Cohort [WECAC], n = 3344) and in an intervention trial investigating improved methods of lifestyle modification for individuals at high risk of the metabolic syndrome (Prevent Metabolic Syndrome [PrevMetSyn], n = 371)...
March 15, 2018: Diabetologia
Kumari M Rathnayake, Michelle Weech, Kim G Jackson, Julie A Lovegrove
Background: Elevated postprandial triacylglycerol concentrations, impaired vascular function, and hypertension are important independent cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in women. However, the effects of meal fat composition on postprandial lipemia and vascular function in postmenopausal women are unknown. Objective: This study investigated the impact of sequential meals rich in saturated fatty acids (SFAs), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs), or n-6 (ω-6) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on postprandial flow-mediated dilatation (FMD; primary outcome measure), vascular function, and associated CVD risk biomarkers (secondary outcomes) in postmenopausal women...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Sebhat Erqou, Jane E Clougherty, Oladipupo Olafiranye, Jared W Magnani, Aryan Aiyer, Sheila Tripathy, Ellen Kinnee, Kevin E Kip, Steven E Reis
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess racial differences in air pollution exposures to ambient fine particulate matter (particles with median aerodynamic diameter <2.5 µm [PM2.5 ]) and black carbon (BC) and their association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, arterial endothelial function, incident CVD events, and all-cause mortality. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Data from the HeartSCORE study (Heart Strategies Concentrating on Risk Evaluation) were used to estimate 1-year average air pollution exposure to PM2...
March 15, 2018: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Brendan M Everett, Marc Y Donath, Aruna D Pradhan, Tom Thuren, Prem Pais, Jose C Nicolau, Robert J Glynn, Peter Libby, Paul M Ridker
BACKGROUND: Subclinical inflammation mediated in part by interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) participates in peripheral insulin resistance and impaired pancreatic insulin secretion. OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that canakinumab, an IL-1β inhibitor, reduces incident diabetes. METHODS: The Canakinumab Antiinflammatory Thrombosis Outcomes Study (CANTOS) randomized 10,061 patients with prior MI and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) ≥2 mg/L to placebo or canakinumab at doses of 50mg, 150mg, or 300mg subcutaneously once every three months...
March 3, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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