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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334714/-urinary-iodine-concentration-status-and-its-influencing-factors-of-pregnant-women-in-yuhuan-county-zhejiang-province
#1
L Y Hu, C H Zhu, M F Su, C W Fu, X H Ying, F Jiang, S T Li, Q Zhao, H J Lin, N Wang, Q W Jiang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334343/breast-milk-iodine-concentrations-and-iodine-levels-of-infants-according-to-the-iodine-status-of-the-country-of-residence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Pantea Nazeri, Ali Kabir, Hosein Dalili, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Iodine, an essential micronutrient, plays a critical role in normal growth and development, especially during the first two years of life. This systematic review and meta-analysis is among the first to evaluate breast-milk iodine concentrations and infant iodine status in countries characterized by iodine sufficiency or deficiency. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, and other relevant databases, as well as reference lists of previous reviews, were searched for relevant studies published between 1986 and 2016...
January 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334338/at-home-genital-nerve-stimulation-for-individuals-with-sci-and-neurogenic-detrusor-overactivity-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#3
Dennis J Bourbeau, Kenneth J Gustafson, Steven W Brose
OBJECTIVE: Neurogenic bladder dysfunction, including neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) is one of the most clinically significant problems for persons with spinal cord injury (SCI), affecting health and quality of life. Genital nerve stimulation (GNS) can acutely inhibit NDO-related reflex bladder contractions and increase bladder capacity. However, it is unknown if GNS can improve urinary continence or help meet individuals' bladder management goals during sustained use, which is required for GNS to be clinically effective...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334289/the-extracellular-matrix-degrading-protein-adamts5-is-expressed-in-the-nuclei-of-urothelial-cells-in-healthy-rats
#4
Dick Delbro, Lena Hallsberg, Ralph Peeker, Nikolai Scherbak, Magnus Fall, Rebecka Arnsrud Godtman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether protein expression of the extracellular matrix-degrading protease ADAMTS5 can be demonstrated in the urinary bladder of healthy rats, and, if so, to determine the localization of this enzyme. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The experiments were conducted with eight inbred male Sprague-Dawley rats. Immunohistochemistry was used to investigate the expression of ADAMTS5 in the urinary bladder. Negative controls were established by either excluding the primary antibody or applying the antibody after it had been preabsorbed with its immunogenic peptide...
January 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334023/gender-differences-in-inappropriate-use-of-urinary-catheters-among-hospitalized-older-patients
#5
Fang-Wen Hu, Chia-Ming Chang, Pei-Fang Su, Hsuan-Ying Chen, Ching-Huey Chen
This study investigated the incidence, rationales, and associated factors of inappropriate urinary catheter use among hospitalized older patients by gender. A longitudinal study of 321 patients with urinary catheter was conducted. Demographic factors, present health factors, urinary catheter factors, and indications of catheter use were collected. A total of 53.7% of urinary catheter-days were inappropriate. For both men and women, there was no significant difference in the incidence and common rationales of inappropriate use...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333822/labial-adhesions-experience-in-a-children-s-hospital
#6
Anahí Rubinstein, Gisel Rahman, Paula Risso, Dolores Ocampo
Labial adhesions are defined as the complete or partial fusion of the pudendal cleft due to the agglutination of the labia minora in the midline. They most commonly occur between 3 months and 6 years of life. Between January 1st, 2002 and December 31st, 2015, 425 girls diagnosed with labial adhesions and seen at the Unit of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology of Hospital de Niños de La Plata, Argentina, were analyzed. Their average age was 2.7 years (standard deviation: 2.6 years). The most common presentation of labial adhesions was that involving more than 75% of the total length of the labia (p < 0...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333663/computed-tomographic-retrograde-positive-contrast-cystography-and-computed-tomographic-excretory-urography-characterization-of-a-urinary-bladder-diverticulum-in-a-dog
#7
Agustina Anson, Carina Strohmayer, Jose M Larrinaga, Esteban Iglesias, Ramon Almela, Gustavo Ramírez, Vicente Cervera
A one-year-old intact male German shepherd dog was referred with a 3-month history of dysuria and pollakiuria. Physical examination revealed a large firm mass in the caudal abdomen. Findings from survey radiography, negative contrast cystography, computed tomographic (CT) retrograde positive contrast cystography, and CT excretory urography were consistent with a large urinary bladder diverticulum. An exploratory laparotomy revealed a normal wall appearance in the ventral compartment (true bladder) and marked thinning of the wall in the dorsal compartment (diverticulum)...
January 14, 2018: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333621/characterization-of-mouse-neuro-urological-dynamics-in-a-novel-decerebrate-arterially-perfused-mouse-dapm-preparation
#8
Hiroki Ito, Marcus J Drake, Christopher H Fry, Anthony J Kanai, Anthony E Pickering
AIM: To develop the decerebrate arterially perfused mouse (DAPM) preparation, a novel voiding model of the lower urinary tract (LUT) that enables in vitro-like access with in vivo-like neural connectivity. METHODS: Adult male mice were decerebrated and arterially perfused with a carbogenated, Ringer's solution to establish the DAPM. To allow distinction between central and peripheral actions of interventions, experiments were conducted in both the DAPM and in a "pithed" DAPM which has no brainstem or spinal cord control...
January 15, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333618/age-associated-urethral-dysfunction-in-urethane-anesthetized-rats
#9
Ryu Kimura, Minoru Miyazato, Asuka Ashikari, Takuma Oshiro, Seiichi Saito
AIMS: We aimed to investigate the age-associated changes in movement coordination between the urinary bladder and the urethra in rats. METHODS: A total of 17 female Sprague-Dawley rats were used. The rats were divided into young (3 months old) and middle-aged (12-15 months old) groups. In both groups, isovolumetric cystometry and urethral perfusion pressure (UPP) measurements were performed under urethane anesthesia. After the rhythmic bladder contractions stabilized, L-arginine, a nitric oxide (NO) substrate (100 mg/kg), was administered intravenously in both groups...
January 15, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333601/risk-factors-for-stress-urinary-incontinence-after-native-tissue-vaginal-repair-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#10
Matteo Frigerio, Stefano Manodoro, Stefania Palmieri, Federico Spelzini, Rodolfo Milani
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for postoperative stress urinary incontinence (POSUI) after native-tissue prolapse repair without a concomitant anti-incontinence procedure. METHODS: The present single-center retrospective study included women with genital prolapse who underwent high uterosacral ligament suspension without a concomitant anti-incontinence procedure during 2008-2013. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify risk factors for POSUI (identified through clinical interview and International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire-Short Form [ICIQ-SF] self-administration) at 6 months...
January 14, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333517/safety-and-feasibility-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-matrix-injections-for-treatment-of-common-urologic-conditions
#11
Ethan L Matz, Amy M Pearlman, Ryan P Terlecki
Purpose: Autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP) is used increasingly in a variety of settings. PRP injections have been used for decades to improve angiogenesis and wound healing. They have also been offered commercially in urology with little to no data on safety or efficacy. PRP could theoretically improve multiple urologic conditions, such as erectile dysfunction (ED), Peyronie's disease (PD), and stress urinary incontinence (SUI). A concern with PRP, however, is early washout, a situation potentially avoided by conversion to platelet rich fibrin matrix (PRFM)...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333515/changes-in-autonomic-nervous-system-activity-after-treatment-with-alpha-blocker-in-men-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#12
Kang Hee Shim, Tae Woo Kim, Byung Ha Chung, Sung Won Lee, Jong Kwan Park, Kwangsung Park, Jun Cheon, Kyung Seop Lee, Hyung-Jee Kim, Do-Hwan Seong, Seung-June Oh, Sae Woong Kim, Ji Youl Lee, Seol Ho Choo, Jong Bo Choi
Purpose: To determine changes in autonomic nervous system activity after treatment in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), we evaluated changes in patients' symptoms, uroflowmetry, and heart rate variability (HRV) after treatment with alpha-blockers for 12 weeks. Materials and Methods: Ninety-five men who had LUTS (International Prostate Symptom Score [IPSS] ≥8) were included in this study. We divided them into two groups on the basis of a low frequency/high frequency (LF/HF) ratio of 1...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333514/what-is-the-fate-of-artificial-urinary-sphincters-among-men-undergoing-repetitive-bladder-cancer-treatment
#13
S Mitchell Heiner, Boyd R Viers, Marcelino E Rivera, Brian J Linder, Daniel S Elliott
Purpose: Functional characteristics and durability of the artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) among patients who develop bladder cancer has been poorly characterized. We sought to evaluate AUS outcomes among patients subsequently diagnosed with bladder cancer, in order to describe device survivability when subject to diagnostic and therapeutic procedures such as cystoscopy, transurethral resection, and cystectomy. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 1,803 male patients treated with AUS surgery at a single institution between 1983-2014...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333513/can-feeling-of-incomplete-bladder-emptying-reflect-significant-postvoid-residual-urine-is-it-reliable-as-a-symptom-solely
#14
Yusuf Özlülerden, Cihan Toktaş, Ali Ersin Zümrütbaş, Mehmet Caner Gülten, Aykut Başer, Onur Yapıcı, Zafer Aybek
Purpose: The main objective of this study was to reveal the relationship between lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and post-void residual (PVR) urine volume. Materials and Methods: Between October 2014 and February 2015, older than 40 years patients were included in this study. Volunteers filled out a questionnaire consisted of demographic characteristics, comorbidities, medications, history of surgery and LUTS. Volunteers were undergone PVR measurement with transabdominal ultrasonography...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333509/rate-and-association-of-lower-urinary-tract-infection-with-recurrence-after-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumor
#15
Byung Soo Kim, Bum Sik Tae, Ja Hyeon Ku, Cheol Kwak, Hyeon Hoe Kim, Chang Wook Jeong
Purpose: To evaluate the rate of pyuria and bacteriuria after transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated data obtained from 363 patients who underwent TURBT between October 2012 and December 2013 at Seoul National University Hospital. Urinalysis and urine culture were assessed at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. Primary endpoint was the rate of bacteriuria (≥105/mL in a midstream) and pyuria (white blood cells ≥5/high-power field)...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332917/significance-of-sarcopenia-evaluation-in-acute-decompensated-heart-failure
#16
Keiichi Tsuchida, Yuki Fujihara, Jiro Hiroki, Takahiro Hakamata, Ryohei Sakai, Kota Nishida, Koji Sudo, Komei Tanaka, Yukio Hosaka, Kazuyoshi Takahashi, Hirotaka Oda
In patients with chronic heart failure (HF), the clinical importance of sarcopenia has been recognized in relation to disease severity, reduced exercise capacity, and adverse clinical outcome. Nevertheless, its impact on acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) is still poorly understood. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a technique for quantitatively analyzing muscle mass and the degree of sarcopenia. Fat-free mass index (FFMI) is a noninvasive and easily applicable marker of muscle mass.This was a prospective observational cohort study comprising 38 consecutive patients hospitalized for ADHF...
January 15, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332840/examining-patterns-of-multimorbidity-polypharmacy-and-risk-of-adverse-drug-reactions-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-cross-sectional-uk-biobank-study
#17
Peter Hanlon, Barbara I Nicholl, Bhautesh Dinesh Jani, Ross McQueenie, Duncan Lee, Katie I Gallacher, Frances S Mair
OBJECTIVE: This study aims: (1) to describe the pattern and extent of multimorbidity and polypharmacy in UK Biobank participants with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and (2) to identify which comorbidities are associated with increased risk of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) resulting from polypharmacy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Community cohort. PARTICIPANTS: UK Biobank participants comparing self-reported COPD (n=8317) with no COPD (n=494 323)...
January 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332824/dithiothreitol-based-protein-equalization-technology-to-unravel-biomarkers-for-bladder-cancer
#18
J E Araújo, H López-Fernández, M S Diniz, Pedro M Baltazar, Luís Campos Pinheiro, Fernando Calais da Silva, Mylène Carrascal, Paula Videira, H M Santos, J L Capelo
This study aimed to assess the benefits of dithiothreitol (DTT)-based sample treatment for protein equalization to assess potential biomarkers for bladder cancer. The proteome of plasma samples of patients with bladder carcinoma, patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and healthy volunteers, was equalized with dithiothreitol (DTT) and compared. The equalized proteomes were interrogated using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332492/safety-and-efficacy-of-photoselective-vaporization-of-the-prostate-using-the-180-w-greenlight-xps-laser-system-in-patients-taking-oral-anticoagulants
#19
Alper Eken, Bülent Soyupak
Objective To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the 180-W GreenLight XPS laser system for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia in patients taking oral anticoagulants. Methods All consecutive patients admitted for lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia from November 2012 to October 2016 and who underwent photoselective vaporization of the prostate with the 180-W GreenLight XPS laser were included in the study. The perioperative outcomes examined were the operating time, laser time, energy usage, and duration of postoperative catheterization...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332254/comparison-of-adjustable-continence-therapy-periurethral-balloons-and-artificial-urinary-sphincter-in-female-patients-with-stress-urinary-incontinence-due-to-intrinsic-sphincter-deficiency
#20
Lucas Freton, Lauranne Tondut, Isabelle Enderle, Juliette Hascoet, Andrea Manunta, Benoit Peyronnet
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to compare the outcomes of the ACT® device with those of the artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) AMS 800 in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) due to sphincter deficiency in women. METHODS: All the women who underwent surgical treatment for SUI due to intrinsic sphincter deficiency from 2007 to 2017 were included in a single-center retrospective study. The primary endpoint was the functional outcome...
January 13, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
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