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Xiao Wei, Zongshi Lu, Tao Yang, Peng Gao, Sijiao Chen, Daoyan Liu, Zhiming Zhu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: High salt consumption is a major risk factor for hypertension, and sodium homeostasis is regulated by both intestinal sodium absorption and urinary sodium excretion. Chronic caffeine intake has been reported to attenuate salt-sensitive hypertension by promoting urinary sodium excretion; however, its exact role in intestinal sodium absorption remains unknown. Here, we investigated whether and how chronic caffeine consumption antagonizes salt-sensitive hypertension by inhibiting intestinal sodium absorption...
March 16, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Sean S Rajaee, Joshua C Campbell, James Mirocha, Guy D Paiement
BACKGROUND: This study provides a comprehensive analysis of total hip arthroplasty (THA) revisions in the U.S. from 2007 to 2013. METHODS: International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes were used to identify all THA revisions in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2007 to 2013. The diagnoses leading to the revisions, types of revisions, major inpatient complications, and hospital and patient characteristics were compared between 2007 and 2013...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Francesco Plotti, Roberto Montera, Corrado Terranova, Daniela Luvero, Francesca Marrocco, Andrea Miranda, Alessandra Gatti, Carlo De Cicco Nardone, Roberto Angioli, Giuseppe Scaletta
OBJECTIVE: Implantation of bulking agents represents a noninvasive procedure for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in all patients where a more invasive procedure may increase perioperative risks. The primary aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the efficacy over time of bulking agent implantation. As secondary aims, we evaluated long-term (patients' subjective) satisfaction rate, rate of de novo urinary symptoms, and the impact of urinary incontinence on the quality of life...
March 19, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Dae Young Lee, Ju-Hyun Kim, Hyun Joo Shim, Hyeon-Uk Jeong, Hye Suk Lee
The objective of this study was to determine the absorption, excretion, and metabolism of a novel, oral antihyperglycemic drug, evogliptin, in male rats and dogs. Plasma, urine, feces, and expired air samples were collected after a single oral dose administration of [14 C]evogliptin, samples were analyzed by measuring overall radioactivity levels using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and radioactivity levels were measured by utilizing LC-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The total amounts of radioactivity excreted in urine, feces, and expired air up to 168 h after administration of [14 C]evogliptin tartrate to rats (30 mg evogliptin/kg) and dogs (10 mg evogliptin/kg) were 96...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
Ji Su Kim, Ji Yeon Son, Kyeong Seok Kim, Hyun Jung Lim, Mee-Young Ahn, Seung Jun Kwack, Young-Mi Kim, Kwang Youl Lee, Jaewon Lee, Byung Mu Lee, Hyung Sik Kim
The objective of this study was to elucidate the effect of hepatic damage on cisplatin (CDDP)-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). Thioacetamide (TAA, 150 mg/kg), a hepatotoxicant, was intraperitoneally (i.p.) injected to male Sprague-Dawley rats for 3 d prior to CDDP (5 mg/kg, i.p.) injection. All animals were sacrificed 5 d after CDDP treatment, and urine or blood was obtained to measure various parameters. No significant changes in serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity were observed after CDDP treatment...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
Cüneyt Ardiç, Erdinç Yavuz
INTRODUCTION: The studies conducted revealed that breastfeeding duration has a reducing effect on common infectious diseases in the children during breastfeeding period. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to address the association between breastfeeding duration and common infectious diseases in the children until 5 years of age to show long-term protective effects of the breast milk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 411 infants who were born in Rize (Turkey) between January 2011 and December 2011...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Heung Jae Park, Chang Hoo Park, Yoosoo Chang, Seungho Ryu
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of sitting time and physical activity level with the incidence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in a large sample of Korean men. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study was performed in 69 795 Korean men, free of LUTS at baseline, who were followed up annually or biennially for a mean of 2.6 years. Physical activity level and sitting time were assessed using the validated Korean version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form...
March 20, 2018: BJU International
Zuzana Čadková, Jiřina Száková, Jana Tremlová, Oldřich Kopecký, Ondřej Žíla, Pavel Tlustoš
Se-Enriched defatted rapeseed (Se-DRS), a by-product of rapeseed oil production, is high in Se. This study aimed to detect possible changes in Se-metabolism after Se-DRS consumption and to assess its suitability as a Se supplement in monogaster feed. In this experiment, rats were fed three types of diets differing in Se-form: soybean meal, Se-salt and Se-DRS. Potential differences in Se-metabolism were evaluated based on the total Se concentrations along with non-protein Se speciation patterns in the urine and blood serum of the rats...
March 20, 2018: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
Guo Liu, Shengwei Sun, Baoyan Guo, Benchun Miao, Zhen Luo, Zumeng Xia, Danyang Ying, Fei Liu, Bin Guo, Jian Tang, Yong Cao, Jianyin Miao
Casein phosphopeptides (CPPs) have been demonstrated to be calcium chelators. Unfortunately, few studies have been reported on the effects of CPPs on the mechanism of the uptake and absorption of Ca2+ and bone metabolism. In this study, a monomeric peptide fraction isolated by RP-HPLC (F6-1) that possessed high calcium transport capacity in Caco-2 cell monolayers was separated and characterized. The effects of F6-1 on the absorption mechanisms of Ca2+ in a Caco-2 monolayer model and bone metabolism in rats were investigated...
March 20, 2018: Food & Function
Ivana Mareković, Zrinka Bošnjak, Karla Jurić, Mario Ćorić, Sanja Popović-Grle
Nitroxoline (NTX), 5-nitro-8-hydroxyquinoline is an oral antibiotic with mechanism of bacteriostatic activity that is based on chelation of divalent cations required for bacterial RNA polymerase. Susceptibility to NTX of 100 Escherichia coli urine isolates was determined at the Department of Clinical and Molecular Microbiology, University Hospital Centre Zagreb during September and October 2017. Antimicrobial susceptibility was tested by disc diffusion and the results were interpreted according to the European Committee for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) standards...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Chemotherapy
Xinyue Zhang, Lichao Sun, Li Cui, Weihong Lin
Background Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is the most common cause of death in people with epilepsy. The pathogenesis of SUDEP is still unclear. The majority of SUDEP cases occur in intractable epilepsy, especially in the aftermath of a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. We report an atypical SUDEP case with infrequent seizures in frontal lobe epilepsy. Case Report A 14-year-old girl presented with a 13-year history of paroxysmal convulsions. She experienced three episodes within 6-10 months after birth...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Xiangfen Cui, Hongguang Cheng, Xuelian Liu, Elisa Giubilato, Andrea Critto, Haixu Sun, Lei Zhang
Adverse health effects related to accumulative cadmium (Cd) exposure have aroused widespread attention from the public in China. Knowledge on the relationships between Cd exposure and early renal effects is particularly limited for children, who are more susceptible to absorbing metals than adults. A typical Cd-polluted area of South China was selected to determine the Cd exposure and related early renal effects of the general population, including children. In total, 211 children and 806 adults were enrolled in the study...
March 19, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Ping-Feng Wu, Yi-Tsung Lin, Fu-Der Wang, Tsuey-Ching Yang, Chang-Phone Fung
PURPOSE: Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteraemia is associated with high mortality, and most monotherapies are beta-lactam-based. We aimed to investigate clinical outcomes of definitive fluoroquinolone monotherapy versus beta-lactam monotherapy for P. aeruginosa bacteraemia. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled adult patients receiving definitive monotherapy with beta-lactam or fluoroquinolone between November 2013 and November 2014 at Taipei Veterans General Hospital...
March 20, 2018: Infection
Monique Piraud, Magali Pettazzoni, Pamela Lavoie, Séverine Ruet, Cécile Pagan, David Cheillan, Philippe Latour, Christine Vianey-Saban, Christiane Auray-Blais, Roseline Froissart
Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) is a highly sensitive and specific technique. Thanks to the development of triple quadrupole analyzers, it is becoming more widely used in laboratories working in the field of inborn errors of metabolism. We review here the state of the art of this technique applied to the diagnosis of lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) and how MS/MS has changed the diagnostic rationale in recent years. This fine technology brings more sensitive, specific, and reliable methods than the previous biochemical ones for the analysis of urinary glycosaminoglycans, oligosaccharides, and sialic acid...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Kevin C Maki, Mary R Dicklin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aims of this review are to provide perspective on evaluation of relative and absolute cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk reductions for assessing the efficacy of preventive therapies and to summarize methods for evaluation of CVD risk in clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: Major CVD risk factors can be used to stratify patients into risk categories. Results from recent trials reinforce the view that benefits of preventive therapies will be greatest in those with the highest absolute risk and in those with the most severe disturbance in the risk factor targeted...
March 20, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
Stephen Boone, Dick Kuo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Early lowering of blood pressure is advised for patients with severe hypertension associated with signs of impending or progressive organ damage, whereas aggressive treatment is not recommended in patients with asymptomatic severe hypertension. As treatment goals for asymptomatic hypertension and true hypertensive emergency drastically differ, it is essential to identify patients with evidence of impending or progressive organ damage. Biomarkers may assist providers in identifying high-risk patients who would benefit from early blood pressure reduction...
March 19, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
Ozan Dogan, Alper Basbug, Aski Ellibes Kaya, Cigdem Pulatoglu, Murat Yassa
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of needleless mini-sling placed either retropubic (U-shape) or trans-obturator (hammock-shape) to treat stress urinary incontinence. SETTING: One hundred and twenty six women were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive hammock-shaped or U-shaped of Contasure-NDL. METHODS: All surgical procedures were performed by one senior surgeon experienced in anti-incontinence surgery with mesh. Cough-stress test was considered for objective outcome...
March 19, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Tomotaka Ando, Yoshitaka Okuhara, Yoshiyuki Orihara, Koichi Nishimura, Kyoko Yamamoto, Tohru Masuyama, Shinichi Hirotani
Recently, we and other group have reported that furosemide administration along with hypertonic saline solution enhanced diuretic efficiency of furosemide. However, little is known about factors which associated with high diuretic efficiency by hypertonic saline solution with furosemide therapy. To identify predictors of diuretic efficiency in the hypertonic saline solution with furosemide therapy, we recruited 30 consecutive hospitalized heart failure (HF) patients with volume overload (77 ± 10 years, systolic blood pressure > 90 mmHg, and estimated glomerular filtration rate > 15 ml/min/1...
March 19, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Sheela Swamy, William Barcella, Maria De Iorio, Kiren Gill, Rajvinder Khasriya, Anthony S Kupelian, Jennifer L Rohn, James Malone-Lee
PURPOSE: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) may be associated with chronic urinary tract infection (UTI) undetected by routine diagnostic tests. Antimicrobial therapy might confer benefit for these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over 10 years, we treated patients with chronic LUTS. Pyuria was adopted as the principal biomarker of infection. Urinary leucocyte counts were recorded from microscopy of fresh midstream urine (MSU) samples. Antibiotics were prescribed and the prescription adjusted to achieve a measurable clinical response and a reduction in pyuria...
March 20, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Nathan J Alder, Sorena Keihani, James M Hotaling, Jeremy B Myers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Urology Case Reports
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