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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333619/surrogate-scale-for-evaluating-respiratory-function-based-on-complete-blood-count-parameters
#1
Yang Guang, Zhou Jie, Dong Feng, Liu Hui
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to identify a simple method for evaluating respiratory function using complete blood count parameters. METHODS: The complete blood count parameters, including red blood cell (RBC) count, hemoglobin (Hb) level, lymphocyte (Lym) and platelet (Plt) count, and partial pressure of oxygen (PO2 ) level, were measured using automated analyzers in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), aged subjects, and young subjects (control group)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331699/simultaneous-social-causation-and-social-drift-longitudinal-analysis-of-depression-and-poverty-in-south-africa
#2
Crick Lund, Annibale Cois
BACKGROUND: Two theories have been proposed to explain the observed association between depression and poverty, namely social causation and social drift. Little is known regarding the relative importance of social causation and social drift in low and middle-income countries, where poverty is more severe and where most of the world's depressed individuals live. METHODS: We analysed nationally representative longitudinal data from the National Income Dynamics Study in South Africa and simultaneously tested social causation and social drift hypotheses using structural equation modelling across three waves...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331276/analyzing-recommender-systems-for-health-promotion-using-a-multidisciplinary-taxonomy-a-scoping-review
#3
Santiago Hors-Fraile, Octavio Rivera-Romero, Francine Schneider, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Francisco Luna-Perejon, Anton Civit-Balcells, Hein de Vries
BACKGROUND: Recommender systems are information retrieval systems that provide users with relevant items (e.g., through messages). Despite their extensive use in the e-commerce and leisure domains, their application in healthcare is still in its infancy. These systems may be used to create tailored health interventions, thus reducing the cost of healthcare and fostering a healthier lifestyle in the population. OBJECTIVE: This paper identifies, categorizes, and analyzes the existing knowledge in terms of the literature published over the past 10 years on the use of health recommender systems for patient interventions...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331101/theory-analysis-for-pender-s-health-promotion-model-hpm-by-barnum-s-criteria-a-critical-perspective
#4
REVIEW
Zohreh Khoshnood, Masoud Rayyani, Batool Tirgari
Background Analysis of nursing theoretical works and its role in knowledge development is presented as an essential process of critical reflection. Health promotion model (HPM) focuses on helping people achieve higher levels of well-being and identifies background factors that influence health behaviors. Objectives This paper aims to evaluate, and critique HPM by Barnum's criteria. Methods The present study reviewed books and articles derived from Proquest, PubMed, Blackwell Databases. The method of evaluation for this model is based on Barnum's criteria for analysis, application and evaluation of nursing theories...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329580/evidence-for-the-activation-of-pyroptotic-and-apoptotic-pathways-in-rpe-cells-associated-with-nlrp3-inflammasome-in-the-rodent-eye
#5
Jiangyuan Gao, Jing Z Cui, Eleanor To, Sijia Cao, Joanne A Matsubara
BACKGROUND: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a devastating eye disease causing irreversible vision loss in the elderly. Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), the primary cell type that is afflicted in AMD, undergoes programmed cell death in the late stages of the disease. However, the exact mechanisms for RPE degeneration in AMD are still unresolved. The prevailing theories consider that each cell death pathway works independently and without regulation of each other. Building upon our previous work in which we induced a short burst of inflammasome activity in vivo, we now investigate the effects of prolonged inflammasome activity on RPE cell death mechanisms in rats...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329423/development-and-early-validation-of-a-patient-reported-outcome-measure-to-assess-sleep-amongst-people-experiencing-problems-with-alcohol-or-other-drugs
#6
Joanne Neale, Silia Vitoratou, Paul Lennon, Robert Meadows, Sarah Nettleton, Daria Panebianco, John Strang, John Marsden
Study Objectives: To develop a patient reported outcome measure to assess sleep amongst people experiencing problems with alcohol or other drugs. Methods: Item development included secondary analyses of qualitative interviews with drug/alcohol users in residential treatment, a review of validated sleep measures, focus groups with drug/alcohol users in residential treatment, and feedback from drug/alcohol users recruited from community and residential settings. An initial version of the measure was completed by 549 current and former drug/alcohol users (442 in person [IP] and 107 online [OL])...
January 10, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329395/open-access-physical-activity-programs-for-older-adults-a-pragmatic-and-systematic-review
#7
Laura E Balis, Thomas Strayer, NithyaPriya Ramalingam, Meghan Wilson, Samantha M Harden
Background and Objectives: Open-access, community-based programs are recommended to assist older adults in meeting physical activity guidelines, but the characteristics, impact, and scalability of these programs is less understood. The Land-Grant University Cooperative Extension System, an organization providing education through county-based educators, functions as a delivery system for these programs. A systematic review was conducted to determine characteristics of effective older adult physical activity programs and the extent to which programs delivered in Extension employ these characteristics...
January 10, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329047/the-connection-between-subjective-nearness-to-death-and-depressive-symptoms-the-mediating-role-of-meaning-in-life
#8
Yoav S Bergman, Ehud Bodner, Ye'ela Haber
Depression is characterized by a wide range of emotional, cognitive, and physical symptoms. Two prominent features of depressive symptoms are a sense that life has no meaning on the one hand, and that life is not worth living on the other hand. In recent years, the subjective perception of how close one feels to his/her death has gained importance as a significant factor associated with various aspects of physical and psychological well-being. Thus, the current study examined the connection between subjective nearness-to-death, meaning in life, and depressive symptoms, and assessed whether meaning in life mediates the connection between subjective nearness-to-death and depressive symptoms...
January 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325497/impact-and-moderating-variables-of-an-intervention-promoting-physical-activity-among-children-results-from-a-pilot-study
#9
Mathieu Gourlan, Monica Takito, Céline Lambert, Bruno Fregeac, Natalie Alméras, Olivier Coste, Bruno Pereira, Florence Cousson-Gélie
This pilot study pursued three objectives: to assess the effect of a 1-month multilevel intervention on the PA of children, to assess the impact of the intervention on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) variables, and to evaluate the extent to which the impact of the intervention on PA and TPB variables varied according to personal (i.e., gender and age) and situational (i.e., class and school) moderating variables. Children were aged 7 to 11 years ( n = 306). Analyses revealed a significant increase of PA practice and TPB variables ( ps < ...
January 1, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324559/nurse-experiences-of-medication-administration-to-people-with-swallowing-difficulties-living-in-aged-care-facilities-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#10
Aida Sefidani Forough, Simon Y M Wong, Esther T L Lau, Jose Manuel Serrano Santos, Greg J Kyle, Kathryn J Steadman, Julie A Y Cichero, Lisa M Nissen
OBJECTIVE: To identify nurses' experiences of administering oral medications to residents of aged care facilities (ACFs) with swallowing difficulties. INTRODUCTION: Administering medicines to older people with swallowing difficulties is a challenging task. Nurses frequently modify oral medications e.g. by crushing/splitting tablets or opening capsules, to facilitate the administration process. These practices are associated with an increased risk of medication administration errors...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320806/experiences-of-living-kidney-donors-during-the-donation-process
#11
Hanne Agerskov, Claus Bistrup, Mette S Ludvigsen, Birthe D Pedersen
BACKGROUND: The shortage of organs from deceased donors has led to more living donation. Furthermore, immunological developments have made it possible to perform kidney transplantation despite preformed antibodies against the donor organ. This has led to a broader recruitment base of living donors. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate experiences and considerations on becoming, and during the process of being, a living kidney donor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Interviews and participant observation were conducted before, during and after the donation...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320564/a-time-lagged-effect-of-conspecific-density-on-habitat-selection-by-snowshoe-hare
#12
Toshinori Kawaguchi, André Desrochers
Ideal free distribution theory predicts that increased conspecific density redistributes individuals to low-density, suboptimal habitat. However, possible lags in response to population density remain poorly documented. Snowshoe hares (Lepus americanus) may exhibit density-dependent habitat selection due to its marked variation in population density. Based on 11 years (2004-2014) of snow tracking in Quebec (Canada), we investigated snowshoe hares' short-term and delayed habitat selection responses to population density...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320335/physician-intervention-and-chinese-americans-colorectal-cancer-screening
#13
Judy Huei-Yu Wang, Grace X Ma, Wenchi Liang, Yin Tan, Kepher H Makambi, Roucheng Dong, Sally W Vernon, Shin-Ping Tu, Jeanne S Mandelblatt
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a cluster-randomized trial evaluating an intervention that trained Chinese-American primary care physicians to increase their Chinese patients' colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. METHODS: Twenty-five physicians (13 randomized to the intervention arm and 12 to the control arm) and 479 of their patients (aged 50-75 and nonadherent to CRC screening guidelines) were enrolled. The intervention, guided by Social Cognitive Theory, included a communication guide and 2 in-office training sessions to enhance physicians' efficacy in com- municating CRC screening with patients...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316892/a-conceptual-model-of-treatment-burden-and-patient-capacity-in-stroke
#14
Katie I Gallacher, Carl R May, Peter Langhorne, Frances S Mair
BACKGROUND: Treatment burden is the workload of healthcare experienced by those with long-term conditions and the impact that this has on well-being. Treatment burden can negatively impact on quality of life and adherence to treatments. Individuals are likely to differ in their ability to manage health problems and follow treatments, defined as patient capacity. This has been under investigated in stroke. The aim of this paper is to create a conceptual model of treatment burden and patient capacity for people who have had a stroke through exploration of their experiences of healthcare...
January 9, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316510/is-envy-harmful-to-a-society-s-psychological-health-and-wellbeing-a-longitudinal-study-of-18-000-adults
#15
Redzo Mujcic, Andrew J Oswald
Nearly 100 years ago, the philosopher and mathematician Bertrand Russell warned of the social dangers of widespread envy. One view of modern society is that it is systematically developing a set of institutions -- such as social media and new forms of advertising -- that make people feel inadequate and envious of others. If so, how might that be influencing the psychological health of our citizens? This paper reports the first large-scale longitudinal research into envy and its possible repercussions. The paper studies 18,000 randomly selected individuals over the years 2005, 2009, and 2013...
December 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315743/suicide-risk-across-latent-class-subgroups-a-test-of-the-generalizability-of-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide
#16
Jennifer S Ma, Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear, Jin Han
It remains unclear whether the Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS; Joiner, ) is generalizable to the population or holds more explanatory power for certain subgroups compared to others. The aim of this study was to (1) identify subgroups of individuals who endorsed suicide ideation in the past month based on a range of mental health and demographic variables, (2) compare levels of the IPTS constructs within these subgroups, and (3) test the IPTS predictions for suicide ideation and suicide attempt for each group...
January 6, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315731/understanding-patients-and-spouses-experiences-of-patient-education-following-a-cardiac-event-and-eliciting-attitudes-and-preferences-towards-incorporating-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-a-qualitative-study
#17
Susie Cartledge, Susan Feldman, Janet E Bray, Dion Stub, Judith Finn
AIM: To gain a comprehensive perspective about the experience of patient and spousal education following an acute cardiac event. The second objective was to elicit an understanding of patient and spousal attitudes, preferences and intentions towards future cardiopulmonary resuscitation training. BACKGROUND: Patients with cardiovascular disease require comprehensive patient and family education to ensure adequate long-term disease management. As cardiac patients are at risk of future cardiac events, including out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation training to patients and family members has long been advocated...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313879/biological-distance-at-the-ryan-mound-site
#18
Elizabeth Weiss
OBJECTIVES: The Ryan Mound site in California spans 2000 years and has been utilized in over 200 studies. The Ryan Mound has been assumed to be a culturally and, therefore, a biologically continuous population over time. This study attempts to determine whether adults at the Ryan Mound consisted of a continuous population over the span of three temporal periods by using nonmetric skeletal traits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight nonmetric cranial traits and four nonmetric post-cranial traits were scored on adults...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313739/deterrence-s-element-of-sanction-certainty-friendships-vicarious-experiences-and-underage-alcohol-use
#19
Thomas J Mowen, John H Boman
BACKGROUND: Underage drinking remains a pressing issue on college campuses across the United States. Though the most common form of addressing underage alcohol use on campuses is through deterrence-based policies, evidence suggests deterrence-based methods are ineffective and may produce negative outcomes. OBJECTIVES: Using dyadic data, the objective of this study is to use a friendship-informed perspective on deterrence theory to examine how an individual's and his/her friend's perceptions of sanction certainty relate to self-reported underage alcohol use...
January 9, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313720/beyond-access-and-exposure-implications-of-sneaky-media-use-for-preschoolers-sleep-behavior
#20
Jessica D Moorman, Kristen Harrison
Greater consumption of and access to screen media are known correlates of unhealthy sleep behavior in preschoolers. What remains unknown, however, is the role a child's media use plays in this association. Parents and guardians of U.S. preschoolers (N = 278, average child age 56 months) provided information about their child's nightly duration of sleep, daily duration of nap, quantity of screen media use, sneaky media use, and the presence of a screen media device in the bedroom. We assessed four media: television, DVD/VCRs, video games, and computer/Internet...
January 9, 2018: Health Communication
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