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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806121/social-capital-accumulation-in-location-based-mobile-game-playing-a-multiple-process-approach
#1
Hei-Tung Sung, Leif Sigerson, Cecilia Cheng
In the summer of 2016, the widespread popularization of the game Pokémon Go brought the public's attention to the possible socialization benefits associated with location-based mobile games (LBMGs), yet no studies to date have investigated this issue. LBMGs deserve greater research attention because this type of game provides a unique gaming experience that encourages players to leave their homes and navigate around their neighborhood. This distinctive feature may promote more face-to-face interactions among LBMG players...
August 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805073/do-you-know-what-your-kids-are-drinking-evaluation-of-a-media-campaign-to-reduce-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#2
Amy Bleakley, Amy Jordan, Giridhar Mallya, Michael Hennessy, Jessica Taylor Piotrowski
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates a citywide media campaign that targeted reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption as a strategy for addressing obesity. DESIGN: Rolling cross-sectional survey data, collected before and during the media campaign, with 1367 parents to assess exposure to and effect of a televised public service advertisement (TV PSA) developed using a reasoned action approach. SETTING: Televised public service advertisement campaign created by the Philadelphia Department of Public Health and disseminated on cable television channels within the Philadelphia market...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803559/rethinking-the-idea-of-late-autism-spectrum-disorder-onset
#3
Elizabeth C Bacon, Eric Courchesne, Cynthia Carter Barnes, Debra Cha, Sunny Pence, Laura Schreibman, Aubyn C Stahmer, Karen Pierce
A common theory of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptom onset includes toddlers who do not display symptoms until well after age 2, which are termed late-onset ASD cases. Objectives were to analyze differences in clinical phenotype between toddlers identified as ASD at initial evaluations (early diagnosed) versus those initially considered nonspectrum, then later identified as ASD (late diagnosed). Two hundred seventy-three toddlers recruited from the general population based on a failed developmental screening form or parent or physician concerns were followed longitudinally from 12 months and identified as early- and late-diagnosed cases of ASD, language delayed, or typically developing...
August 14, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801936/normative-data-and-psychometric-properties-of-a-farsi-translation-of-the-strange-stories-test
#4
Zahra Shahrivar, Mehdi Tehrani-Doost, Anahita Khorrami Banaraki, Azar Mohammadzadeh, Francesca Happe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The Strange Stories test is one of the most commonly used tests to evaluate advanced "theory of mind," i.e. attribution of mental states. Normative data and psychometric properties of a new Farsi translation of this test were evaluated in a large community-based sample of Iranian school-aged children. METHODS: Through randomized cluster sampling, 398 children aged 9-11 years studying at 20 elementary schools were recruited from 4 central regions of Tehran, Iran...
August 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800116/maintaining-traditions-a-qualitative-study-of-early-childhood-caries-risk-and-protective-factors-in-an-indigenous-community
#5
Ana Levin, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez, Anita Hargrave, Elizabeth Funsch, Kristin S Hoeft
In lower middle-income economies (LMIE), the nutrition transition from traditional diets to sugary foods and beverages has contributed to widespread early childhood dental caries. This qualitative study explores perceived risk and protective factors, and overall experiences of early childhood nutrition and oral health in indigenous Ecuadorian families participating in a community-based oral health and nutrition intervention. Dental exams of 698 children age 6 months through 6 years determined each child's caries burden...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799862/disrupted-topologic-efficiency-of-white-matter-structural-connectome-in-individuals-with-subjective-cognitive-decline
#6
Ni Shu, Xiaoni Wang, Qiuhui Bi, Tengda Zhao, Ying Han
Purpose To determine whether individuals with subjective cognitive decline (SCD), which is defined by memory complaints with normal performance at objective neuropsychologic examinations, exhibit disruptions of white matter (WM) connectivity and topologic alterations of the brain structural connectome. Materials and Methods Diffusion-tensor magnetic resonance imaging and graph theory approaches were used to investigate the topologic organization of the brain structural connectome in 36 participants with SCD (21 women: mean age, 62...
August 11, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799010/will-the-oxygen-phosphorus-paradigm-persist-expert-views-of-the-future-of-management-and-restoration-of-eutrophic-lakes
#7
Nina A Nygrén, Petri Tapio, Jukka Horppila
In the age of climate change, the demand and lack of pure water challenges many communities. Substantial amount of effort is put in every year to manage and restore degraded lakes while the long-term effects of those efforts are only poorly known or monitored. Oxygenation, or aeration, is used extensively for the restoration of eutrophic lakes, although many studies question whether this process improves the status of the lakes in the long-term. The desired effect of oxygenation is based on paradigmatic theories that, in the light of recent literature, might not be adequate when long-term improvements are sought...
August 10, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798011/the-use-of-facebook-advertising-for-communicating-public-health-messages-a-campaign-against-drinking-during-pregnancy-in-new-zealand
#8
Mathew Parackal, Sherly Parackal, Shobhit Eusebius, Damien Mather
BACKGROUND: Social media is gaining recognition as a platform for delivering public health messages. One area attracting attention from public health researchers and professionals is Facebook's advertising channel. This channel is reported to have a broad reach and generate high user engagement with the disseminated campaign materials. However, to date, no study has examined the communication process via this channel which this study aimed to address. OBJECTIVE: The specific objectives of the study were to (1) examine user engagement for a public health campaign based on the metadata provided by Facebook, (2) analyze comments generated by the campaign materials using text mining, and (3) investigate the relationship between the themes identified in the comments and the message and the sentiments prevalent in the themes that exhibited significant relationships...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797677/emergence-of-atrioventricular-nodal-reentry-tachycardia-after-surgical-or-catheter-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation-are-we-creating-the-arrhythmia-substrate
#9
Jorge Romero, Saurabh Kumar, Fujii Akira, David F Briceño, Usha B Tedrow, Laurence Epstein, Roy John, William G Stevenson, Gregory F Michaud
BACKGROUND: Atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) is common in adults and often involves reentry through two or more AV nodal-atrial connections. Although AVNRT can be a trigger for atrial fibrillation (AF), we have observed new onset AVNRT after AF ablation procedures. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether ablation involving the septum or proximal coronary sinus during AF ablation may create a substrate favorable for AVNRT METHODS: Cases of ablation for persistent AF who required a repeat ablation procedure between 2009 to 2016 were reviewed for diagnosis of AVNRT...
August 7, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797059/general-theory-of-skin-reinforcement
#10
Ilja L Kruglikov, Philipp E Scherer
Macroscopic mechanical properties of human skin in vivo cannot be considered independent of adjacent subcutaneous white adipose tissue (sWAT). The layered system skin/sWAT appears as the hierarchical structural composite in which single layers behave as fiber-reinforced structures. Effective macroscopic mechanical properties of such composites are mainly determined either by the properties of the skin or by those of the sWAT, dependent on the conditions of mechanical loading. Mechanical interactions between the skin and the adjacent sWAT associated with a mismatch in the mechanical moduli of these two layers can lead to production of the skin wrinkles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796923/global-scale-patterns-of-nutrient-density-and-partitioning-in-forests-in-relation-to-climate
#11
Kerong Zhang, Conghe Song, Yulong Zhang, Haishan Dang, Xiaoli Cheng, Quanfa Zhang
Knowledge of nutrient storage and partitioning in forests is imperative for ecosystem models and ecological theory. Whether the nutrients (N, P, K, Ca, Mg) stored in forest biomass and their partitioning patterns vary systematically across climatic gradients remains unknown. Here, we explored the global-scale patterns of nutrient density and partitioning using a newly compiled dataset including 372 forest stands. We found that temperature and precipitation were key factors driving the nutrients stored in living biomass of forests at global-scale...
August 10, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795168/changes-in-brain-behavior-relationships-following-a-3-month-pilot-cognitive-intervention-program-for-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
S Porter, I J Torres, W Panenka, Z Rajwani, D Fawcett, A Hyder, N Virji-Babul
Facilitating functional recovery following brain injury is a key goal of neurorehabilitation. Direct, objective measures of changes in the brain are critical to understanding how and when meaningful changes occur, however, assessing neuroplasticity using brain based results remains a significant challenge. Little is known about the underlying changes in functional brain networks that correlate with cognitive outcomes in traumatic brain injury (TBI). The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility of an intensive three month cognitive intervention program in individuals with chronic TBI and to evaluate the effects of this intervention on brain-behavioral relationships...
August 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793094/therapeutic-nursing-care-transition-in-sexuality-of-the-elderly-caregiving-spouse
#13
Claudia Feio da Maia Lima, Célia Pereira Caldas, Iraci Dos Santos, Liana Amorim Correa Trotte, Bárbara Martins Corrêa da Silva
Objective: To understand the transitions experienced, and the conditions and expected response patterns to changes in sexuality of the spouse-caregiver of the elderly, during progression of the dementia process. Method: A qualitative research study, conducted at the neurogeriatric clinic between May of 2014 and May of 2015. An intensive, individual interview was administered to 12 elderly caregivers. Thematic content analysis was applied, using the theoretical model of Transition Theory...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791889/symbiotic-origin-of-aging
#14
Edward Greenberg, Sergei Vatolin
Normally aging cells are characterized by an unbalanced mitochondrial dynamic skewed toward punctate mitochondria. Genetic and pharmacological manipulation of mitochondrial fission/fusion cycles can contribute to both accelerated and decelerated cellular or organismal aging. In this work, we connect these experimental data with the symbiotic theory of mitochondrial origin to generate new insight into the evolutionary origin of aging. Mitochondria originated from autotrophic α-proteobacteria during an ancient endosymbiotic event early in eukaryote evolution...
August 9, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791517/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-interrai-child-and-youth-mental-health-disruptive-aggression-behaviour-scale-dabs-and-hyperactive-distraction-scale-hds
#15
Chloe Lau, Shannon L Stewart, Donald H Saklofske, Paul F Tremblay, John Hirdes
The present study aims to validate the interRAI Child and Youth Mental Health (interRAI ChYMH), Disruptive/Aggression Behaviour Scale (DABS) and Hyperactive/Distraction Scale (HDS). Data were collected from children/youth aged 4-18 (N = 3464) across 39 mental health agencies in Ontario, Canada. Unrestricted factor analysis using polychoric correlation matrices and Samejima's graded item response theory (IRT) parameterizations were conducted for both measures. Scores on the HDS and DABS were also compared amongst children/youth diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and disruptive behaviour disorder (DBD) respectively using DSM-IV criteria...
August 8, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790038/participate-cp-a-protocol-of-a-randomised-waitlist-controlled-trial-of-a-motivational-and-behaviour-change-therapy-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-through-meaningful-participation-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Sarah Elizabeth Reedman, Roslyn N Boyd, Catherine Elliott, Leanne Sakzewski
INTRODUCTION: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) participate in leisure-time physical activities (PA) less often, with less intensity and reduced diversity than their typically developing peers. Participation in leisure-time physical activities may be an important source of habitual physical activity (HPA) for children with CP, who as a group have lower levels of HPA and increased sedentary time compared with their typically developing peers. The proposed study aims to compare the efficacy of a participation focused therapy (ParticiPAte CP) to usual care in a pragmatic, randomised waitlist controlled trial...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789693/a-novel-method-to-demonstrate-that-pregnant-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-hyper-expose-their-fetus-to-androgens-as-a-possible-stepping-stone-for-the-developmental-theory-of-pcos-a-pilot-study
#17
Roy Homburg, Anil Gudi, Amit Shah, Alison M Layton
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), whose aetiology is unknown, is predominately a familial syndrome but confirmation of candidate genes has proved elusive. The developmental hypothesis for the origin of PCOS suggests that exposure of the fetus to excess androgens influences imprinting, leading to altered genetic expression in adult life. The aim of this pilot study was to examine whether the female fetus of a mother with PCOS is indeed exposed to excess androgens. METHODS: Using sebum production in the newborn as a surrogate for exposure to excess androgens during pregnancy thisprospective case control studyexamined whether neonatal sebum excretion is greater in female infants born to PCOS mothers compared to non-PCOS...
August 8, 2017: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783508/thoughts-after-marital-conflict-and-punch-biopsy-wounds-age-graded-pathways-to-healing
#18
Stephanie J Wilson, Rebecca Andridge, Juan Peng, Brittney E Bailey, William B Malarkey, Janice K Kiecolt-Glaser
Thoughts and emotions following marital conflict have received little attention but almost certainly contribute to marriage's long-term health effects. Consistent with emotion theories of aging, we expected the effects of post-conflict thoughts on important neuroendocrine and immune outcomes, cortisol levels and full-thickness wound healing, to differ by age. An age-diverse sample of married couples received a punch biopsy wound and discussed a marital problem, then privately recorded their thoughts and rated their mood...
July 29, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782805/individual-difference-factors-and-beliefs-in-medical-and-political-conspiracy-theories
#19
Natasha Galliford, Adrian Furnham
This study examined the relationship between a series of individual difference measures and belief in political and medical conspiracy theories. Participants (N = 323) rated 20 conspiracy theories (10 medical, 10 political) and completed a set of questionnaires. Belief in political conspiracies was strongly positively correlated with belief in medical conspiracies. Belief in both conspiracy types was correlated with low self-esteem, low Conscientiousness, more right-wing political views, younger age, and greater belief in the benefits of Alternative Medicine...
August 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781017/differences-in-femoral-head-penetration-between-highly-cross-linked-polyethylene-cemented-sockets-and-uncemented-liners
#20
Daigo Morita, Taisuke Seki, Yoshitoshi Higuchi, Yasuhiko Takegami, Naoki Ishiguro
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at investigating differences in femoral head penetration between highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) cemented sockets and uncemented liners during 5 years postoperatively. METHODS: Ninety-six patients (106 hips) with a mean age of 64.4 (range, 35-83) years underwent total hip arthroplasty using a HXLPE cemented socket or liner and were respectively divided into cemented (35 patients [37 hips]) and uncemented (61 patients [69 hips]) groups...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
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