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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934801/increasing-rates-of-imaging-in-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-patients-implications-for-spinal-cord-stimulation
#1
S Harrison Farber, Jing L Han, Frank W Petraglia Iii, Robert Gramer, Siyun Yang, Promila Pagadala, Beth Parente, Jichun Xie, Jeffrey R Petrella, Shivanand P Lad
BACKGROUND: Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) has a high incidence following spinal surgery, is notoriously refractory to treatment, and results in high health care utilization. Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a well-accepted modality for pain relief in this population; however, until recently magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was prohibited due to risk of heat conduction through the device. OBJECTIVES: We examined trends in imaging use over the past decade in patients with FBSS to determine its impact on health care utilization and implications for patients receiving SCS...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934232/economic-costs-and-health-related-quality-of-life-for-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-hfmd-patients-in-china
#2
Yaming Zheng, Mark Jit, Joseph T Wu, Juan Yang, Kathy Leung, Qiaohong Liao, Hongjie Yu
BACKGROUND: Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common illness in China that mainly affects infants and children. The objective of this study is to assess the economic cost and health-related quality of life associated with HFMD in China. METHOD: A telephone survey of caregivers were conducted in 31 provinces across China. Caregivers of laboratory-confirmed HFMD patients who were registered in the national HFMD enhanced surveillance database during 2012-2013 were invited to participate in the survey...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933653/patient-navigation-improves-subsequent-breast-cancer-screening-after-a-noncancerous-result-evidence-from-the-patient-navigation-in-medically-underserved-areas-study
#3
Yamile Molina, Sage J Kim, Nerida Berrios, Anne Elizabeth Glassgow, Yazmin San Miguel, Julie S Darnell, Heather Pauls, Ganga Vijayasiri, Richard B Warnecke, Elizabeth A Calhoun
BACKGROUND: Past efforts to assess patient navigation on cancer screening utilization have focused on one-time uptake, which may not be sufficient in the long term. This is partially due to limited resources for in-person, longitudinal patient navigation. We examine the effectiveness of a low-intensity phone- and mail-based navigation on multiple screening episodes with a focus on screening uptake after receiving noncancerous results during a previous screening episode. METHODS: The is a secondary analysis of patients who participated in a randomized controlled patient navigation trial in Chicago...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933622/risk-and-impact-of-herpes-zoster-on-patients-with-diabetes-a-population-based-study-2009-2014
#4
Cintia Muñoz-Quiles, Mónica López-Lacort, F Javier Ampudia-Blasco, Javier Díez-Domingo
AIMS: This study was designed to assess the impact of diabetes on the risk and severity of herpes zoster (HZ), and the impact of HZ on diabetes. It focused primarily on immunocompetent patients aged ≥ 50 years who would be eligible for preventive vaccination. METHODS: Using population and healthcare databases of Valencia Region (Spain), a retrospective cohort of all subjects ≥ 50 years was followed up between 2009 and 2014. HZ and diabetes were defined using ICD-9 codes...
September 21, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932003/quantitative-assessment-of-locomotive-syndrome-by-the-loco-check-questionnaire-in-older-japanese-females
#5
Sachiko Noge, Tatsuo Ohishi, Takuya Yoshida, Hiromichi Kumagai
[Purpose] Locomotive syndrome (LS) is a condition by which older people may require care service because of problems with locomotive organs. This study examined whether the loco-check, a 7-item questionnaire, is useful for quantitatively assessing the severity of LS. [Subjects and Methods] Seventy-one community dwelling Japanese females aged 64-96 years (81.7 ± 8.0 years) participated in this study. The associations of the loco-check with thigh muscle mass measured by X-ray CT, physical performance, nutritional status, and quality of life (QOL) were investigated...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931508/corticosteroids-for-treatment-of-sore-throat-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-trials
#6
Behnam Sadeghirad, Reed A C Siemieniuk, Romina Brignardello-Petersen, Davide Papola, Lyubov Lytvyn, Per Olav Vandvik, Arnaud Merglen, Gordon H Guyatt, Thomas Agoritsas
Objective To estimate the benefits and harms of using corticosteroids as an adjunct treatment for sore throat.Design Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised control trials.Data sources Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), trial registries up to May 2017, reference lists of eligible trials, related reviews.Study selection Randomised controlled trials of the addition of corticosteroids to standard clinical care for patients aged 5 or older in emergency department and primary care settings with clinical signs of acute tonsillitis, pharyngitis, or the clinical syndrome of sore throat...
September 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929043/supraventricular-tachycardia-and-tricuspid-regurgitation-in-the-setting-of-misplaced-implantable-port-catheter-tip
#7
Ahmad Awan, Bisma Ahsan, Hasan Iftikhar, Akbar Khan, Fasil Tiruneh, Yididia Bekele, Ankit Mahajan, Ahmed A Awan
We present the case of a 31-year-old female with a past medical history of B-cell leukemia, on maintenance chemotherapy administered via centrally placed implantable catheter port, who presented to the emergency room with fever, chills, and generalized body pain of one day's duration. After initial workup, the patient was admitted to the intensive care unit and managed for severe sepsis. The patient was found to have a new-onset 3/6 holosystolic murmur at the left lower sternal border. Furthermore, she developed an episode of supraventricular tachycardia that responded to adenosine...
July 11, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927765/recurrent-vulvovaginal-candidiasis
#8
REVIEW
Freida Blostein, Elizabeth Levin-Sparenberg, Julian Wagner, Betsy Foxman
PURPOSE: Recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (RVVC), multiple episodes of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC; vaginal yeast infection) within a 12-month period, adversely affects quality of life, mental health, and sexual activity. Diagnosis is not straightforward, as VVC is defined by the combination of often nonspecific vaginal symptoms and the presence of yeast-which is a common vaginal commensal. Estimating the incidence and prevalence is challenging: most VVC is diagnosed and treated empirically, the availability for purchase of effective therapies over the counter enables self-diagnosis and treatment, and the duration of the relatively benign VVC symptoms is short, introducing errors into any estimates relying on medical records or patient recall...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927566/low-rates-of-adverse-events-following-ambulatory-outpatient-total-hip-arthroplasty-at-a-free-standing-surgery-center
#9
Patrick C Toy, Matthew N Fournier, Thomas W Throckmorton, William M Mihalko
BACKGROUND: We proposed to determine the complication and hospital admission rates for patients with total hip arthroplasty (THA) done by a single surgeon in a stand-alone ambulatory surgical center with same-day discharge. Given the recent emphasis on bundled payments for a 90-day episode of care, this same time frame after surgery was chosen to determine patient outcomes. METHODS: The records of patients with THAs done through a direct anterior approach by a single surgeon at 2 separate ambulatory surgery centers were reviewed...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927372/potentially-inappropriate-medication-use-in-nursing-homes-an-observational-study-using-the-norgep-nh-criteria
#10
Gunhild Nyborg, Mette Brekke, Jørund Straand, Svein Gjelstad, Maria Romøren
BACKGROUND: Frail residents in the nursing home sector call for extra care in prescribing. The Norwegian General Practice Nursing Home (NORGEP-NH) list of 34 explicit criteria for potentially inappropriate medication use in nursing homes was developed explicitly for this population. The aim of this study was to employ the NORGEP-NH Criteria to study the extent of potentially inappropriate medication use among nursing home residents and explore possible associated factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional observational pharmacoepidemiological study from residents in nursing homes in the county of Vestfold, Norway...
September 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926828/are-all-amplitude-integrated-electroencephalogram-systems-equal
#11
Tobias Werther, Monika Olischar, Gunnar Naulaers, Philipp Deindl, Katrin Klebermass-Schrehof, Nathan Stevenson
BACKGROUND: Filter and peak detection algorithms implemented in amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) systems are not standardized. New aEEG systems are continuously enriching the market and clinicians are faced with different aEEG devices whose tracings may vary. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work was to determine the role of different aEEG systems on quantitative measurements of the aEEG. METHODS: In this observational study, a single-channel aEEG recording (Olympic CFM 6000) with corresponding EEG signal was obtained from 32 infants at a gestational age of 36-44 weeks...
September 20, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926346/coprophagic-asphyxiation-in-an-intellectually-disabled-woman
#12
Stephanie LeeAnne Erickson, Aaron David Gambrell, James Fulcher, Michael Ward
The ingestion of one's own feces is referred to as coprophagia. In this report, the author discusses a case of coprophagia-associated death in a 36-year-old woman. The woman had a history of intellectual disability, bipolar disorder, and schizoaffective disorder and was living in a group home. At autopsy, examination of the upper airway revealed 4 distinct spherical boli of impacted fecal matter in the oral cavity and pharynx. Death was attributed to asphyxia due to aspiration of stool bolus during an episode of coprophagia...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924277/clinical-outcomes-of-prophylactic-platelet-transfusion-in-patients-with-dengue-a-retrospective-study-of-patients-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-karachi
#13
Sher Muhammad Sethi, Ayesha Khalil, Muhammad Rashid Naseem Khan, Adeel Khatri, Asif Jan Muhammad, Ghulam Murtaza
OBJECTIVE: To determine the benefit of prophylactic platelet transfusion on clinical outcomes in patients with dengue fever. METHODS: The retrospective cohort study was conducted at Patel Hospital, Karachi, and comprised record of patients fulfilling World Health Organisation's diagnostic criteria for dengue between 2009 and 2015. We excluded patients with known auto-immune thrombocytopenia, isolated infection with a pathogen other than dengue virus, drug-induced thrombocytopenia and patients requiring therapeutic transfusion...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923465/continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-pregnant-women-with-type-1-diabetes-conceptt-a-multicentre-international-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Denice S Feig, Lois E Donovan, Rosa Corcoy, Kellie E Murphy, Stephanie A Amiel, Katharine F Hunt, Elisabeth Asztalos, Jon F R Barrett, J Johanna Sanchez, Alberto de Leiva, Moshe Hod, Lois Jovanovic, Erin Keely, Ruth McManus, Eileen K Hutton, Claire L Meek, Zoe A Stewart, Tim Wysocki, Robert O'Brien, Katrina Ruedy, Craig Kollman, George Tomlinson, Helen R Murphy
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with type 1 diabetes are a high-risk population who are recommended to strive for optimal glucose control, but neonatal outcomes attributed to maternal hyperglycaemia remain suboptimal. Our aim was to examine the effectiveness of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) on maternal glucose control and obstetric and neonatal health outcomes. METHODS: In this multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial, we recruited women aged 18-40 years with type 1 diabetes for a minimum of 12 months who were receiving intensive insulin therapy...
September 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923163/patients-experiences-of-nurse-case-management-in-primary-care-a-meta-synthesis
#15
Anna Askerud, Anna Askerud, Jenny Conder, Jenny Conder
The health system in New Zealand and Australia requires health practitioners to prepare for the challenge of long-term conditions. Wagner's 1998 Chronic Care Model advocates a move away from the traditional acute model of primary health care to a model that addresses the long-term episodic nature of chronic disease. Nurse case management has been developed over the last 2 decades as a means to coordinate health services for people with long-term conditions. This meta-synthesis combines the results of 15 qualitative research studies that have a similar research question regarding peoples' perceptions of nurse case management...
September 19, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923037/asthma-hospitalisation-trends-from-2010-to-2015-variation-among-rural-and-metropolitan-australians
#16
Daniel Terry, Shalley Robins, Samantha Gardiner, Ruby Wyett, Md Rafiqul Islam
BACKGROUND: Asthma remains a leading cause of illness, where primary care can assist to reduce hospitalisations through prevention, controlling acute episodes, and overall management of asthma. In Victoria, Asthma hospitalisations were as high as 3.1 hospitalisations per 1000 population in 1993-94. The primary aims of this study are to: determine if changes in asthma hospitalisations have occurred between 2010 and 2015; determine the key factors that impact asthma hospitalisation over time; and verify whether rural and urban asthma hospitalisations are disparate...
September 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922081/clinical-outcomes-following-conservative-management-of-chronic-traumatic-cervical-myelopathy-a-case-report
#17
Justin Bridges, Roberto Sandoval
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is limited evidence supporting the conservative management of patients with cervical myelopathy. The purpose of this report is to describe the intervention and outcomes of conservative physical therapy interventions for one patient with chronic cervical myelopathy. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case was a 50-year-old male who sustained a neck injury following a rear-end collision 4 years prior to this therapeutic episode. The patient presented with decreased range of motion in the cervical spine and right upper extremity, strength deficits, altered sensation, poor posture, and reported chronic cervical region pain and difficulty sleeping...
September 18, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920056/management-of-refractory-ischemic-priapism-current-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Marco Capece, Arianna Gillo, Andrea Cocci, Giulio Garaffa, Massimiliano Timpano, Marco Falcone
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present manuscript is to review the current literature on priapism, focusing on the state-of-the-art knowledge of both the diagnosis and the treatment of the refractory ischemic priapism (IP). METHODS: Pubmed and EMBASE search engines were used to search for words "priapism", "refractory priapism", "penile prosthesis", "diagnosis priapism", "priapism treatment", "penile fibrosis", "priapism therapy". All the studies were carefully examined by the authors and then included in the review...
2017: Research and Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918667/poor-outcomes-among-elderly-patients-hospitalized-for-influenza-like-illness
#19
Mine Durusa Tanriover, Tülay Bagci Bosi, Lale Ozisik, Emre Bilgin, Özlem Güzel Tunçcan, Özge Özgen, Necla Tülek, Metin Özsoy, Hasan Tezer, Tugba Bedir Demirdağ, Ates Kara, Sevgen Tanir Basaranoglu, Kubra Aykac, Aslinur Ozkaya-Parlakay, Belgin Gulhan, Serhat Unal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Global Influenza Hospital Surveillance Network is a worldwide initiative that aims to document the burden of influenza infections among acute admissions and the vaccine effectiveness in particular countries. As a partner of this platform, we aimed to determine the frequency of influenza infections among acute admissions with influenza like illness and the outcomes of the enrolled patients during the 2015-2016 influenza season in selected hospitals in Turkey. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The investigators screened the hospital admission registries, chart review or available records, and screened all patients hospitalized in the previous 24-48 hours or overnight in the predefined wards or emergency room...
September 18, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918412/prediction-of-early-unplanned-intensive-care-unit-readmission-in-a-uk-tertiary-care-hospital-a-cross-sectional-machine-learning-approach
#20
Thomas Desautels, Ritankar Das, Jacob Calvert, Monica Trivedi, Charlotte Summers, David J Wales, Ari Ercole
OBJECTIVES: Unplanned readmissions to the intensive care unit (ICU) are highly undesirable, increasing variance in care, making resource planning difficult and potentially increasing length of stay and mortality in some settings. Identifying patients who are likely to suffer unplanned ICU readmission could reduce the frequency of this adverse event. SETTING: A single academic, tertiary care hospital in the UK. PARTICIPANTS: A set of 3326 ICU episodes collected between October 2014 and August 2016...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Open
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