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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902719/community-wide-distribution-of-a-catalytic-device-to-reduce-winter-ambient-fine-particulate-matter-from-residential-wood-combustion-a-field-study
#1
Olivia Johnston, Fay Johnston, John Todd, Grant Williamson
Residential wood combustion is the main source of elevated concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) during winter in many towns of Tasmania, Australia. A commercially available firebox catalyst in Australia has previously been shown to reduce visible smoke emissions and the manufacturer reports reductions in particle emissions generated from individual wood heaters in laboratory settings. This study aimed to evaluate the potential for community-wide distribution of the catalyst to improve the ambient winter air quality in the field...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861602/post-capture-survival-and-implications-for-by-catch-in-a-multi-species-coastal-gillnet-fishery
#2
Justin David Bell, Jeremy Martin Lyle
As fisheries shift towards ecosystem-based management, the need to reduce impacts on by-catch has been increasingly recognised. In this study the catch composition, discard rate, and post-capture survival of species caught by gillnets in Tasmania, Australia, was investigated. Over half the commercial gillnet catch was discarded, with discard rates of ~20% for target and >80% for non-target species. Capture condition, including initial mortality, was assessed using simple criteria for a range of species and related to soak duration...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861334/lactic-acidosis-and-the-relationship-with-metformin-usage-case-reports
#3
Weiyi Huang, Ronald L Castelino, Gregory M Peterson
AIMS: The principal objective of this study was to retrospectively review a series of cases of lactic acidosis (LA) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and examine the relationship with the use of metformin. More generally, the study enabled an investigation of the profiles of patients diagnosed with LA and clinical variables associated with in-hospital mortality. METHODS: All patients admitted to the Royal Hobart Hospital in Tasmania with LA (lactate >5...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859825/do-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-receiving-outreach-care-have-poorer-clinical-outcomes-than-those-treated-at-a-specialist-cystic-fibrosis-centre
#4
Heinrich C Weber, Philip F Robinson, Nicole Saxby, Sean A Beggs, Ingrid Els, Rodney I Ehrlich
INTRODUCTION: Although cystic fibrosis (CF) centre care is generally considered ideal, children living in regional Australia receive outreach care supported by the academic CF centres. METHODS: This is a retrospective database review of children with CF treated at the Royal Children's Hospital in Melbourne and its outreach clinics in Albury (Victoria), and Tasmania. The aim was to compare the outcomes of children with CF managed at an academic centre with that of outreach care, using lung function, nutritional status and Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonisation...
November 17, 2016: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846289/spatial-variability-in-condition-of-southern-rock-lobsters-jasus-edwardsii-at-the-start-of-the-tasmanian-fishing-season
#5
Tania Mendo, Cedric Simon, Bridget Green, Caleb Gardner
The southern rock lobster (Jasus edwardsii) industry in Australia favours red lobsters, which are usually caught in shallow waters, over paler (brindle) lobsters. This preference is driven partly by the Chinese market, where red is associated with luck and prosperity, and additionally, by the widely held perception within the industry that brindles have greater mortality rates during out of water transport than reds. Limited scientific evidence supports these industry observations; however, these studies did not evaluate the initial condition of lobsters...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825550/secular-trends-in-the-prevalence-of-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-across-australian-states-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Ngoc-Thuy-Vi Sophia Ho, Tim Olds, Natasha Schranz, Carol Maher
OBJECTIVE: To describe secular trends in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Australian children in each state and territory. DESIGN: Systematic search and numerical meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted to identify all sources that objectively measured the height and weight of Australian children (aged 2-18 years) and had a sample size of at least 300. Raw and summary data were requested from authors and divided into age×sex×state×yearly slices to derive estimates of the prevalence of overweight and obesity...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811744/new-leucettidae-de-laubenfels-1936-porifera-calcarea-from-western-australia
#7
Pedro Leocorny, Aline Alencar, Jane Fromont, Michelle Klautau
This paper reports four new Leucettidae (Porifera, Calcarea) from Western Australia, with two representatives of Leucetta and two of Pericharax: L. foliata sp. nov., L. purpurea sp. nov., Pericharax crypta sp. nov., and P. vallii sp. nov. This is the first time tripods have been described within Pericharax. In addition, one species (L. foliata sp. nov.) has an external morphology not previously reported for Leucetta, and for the first time tetractines of the inhalant and exhalant canals have been distinguished...
October 17, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807656/preliminary-characterization-of-tasmanian-aquareovirus-tsrv-isolates
#8
Sandra C Zainathan, Jeremy Carson, Mark St J Crane, Lynette M Williams, John Hoad, Nicholas J G Moody, Nicholas Gudkovs, Sandra Crameri, Alex D Hyatt, John Young, Barbara F Nowak
In an attempt to determine whether or not genetic variants of the Tasmanian strain of Atlantic salmon aquareovirus (TSRV) exist, 14 isolates of TSRV, originating from various locations in Tasmania, covering a 20-year period (1990-2010), obtained from various host species and tissues, and isolated on different cell lines, were selected for this study. Two categories, termed "typical" and "atypical", of variants of TSRV were identified based on preliminary genotypic and phenotypic characterization carried out on these 14 different isolates...
November 2, 2016: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802873/sex-reversal-of-brook-trout-salvelinus-fontinalis-by-17%C3%AE-methyltestosterone-exposure-a-serial-experimental-approach-to-determine-optimal-timing-and-delivery-regimes
#9
Shafaq Fatima, Mark Adams, Ryan Wilkinson
Commercial culture of Brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) in Tasmania was partly abandoned due to sexual maturation of male fish early on during the estuarine rearing phase. Maturation adversely affects body mass, flesh quality and immunocompetency effectively. Sex reversal techniques such as the in-feed addition of a synthetic androgen have proven difficult to adapt in brook trout. An appropriate timing, duration and delivery vehicle for administration of 17α-methyltestosterone (MT) to produce phenotypic males (neomales) from genotypically female brook trout required further investigation...
October 27, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787926/a-cross-continental-comparison-of-plant-and-beetle-responses-to-retention-of-forest-patches-during-timber-harvest
#10
Susan C Baker, Charles B Halpern, Timothy J Wardlaw, Christel Kern, Graham J Edgar, Russell J Thomson, Richard E Bigley, Jerry F Franklin, Kamal J K Gandhi, Lena Gustafsson, Samuel Johnson, Brian J Palik, Thomas A Spies, E Ashley Steel, Jan Weslien, Joachim Strengbom
Timber harvest can adversely affect forest biota. Recent research and application suggest that retention of mature forest elements (retention forestry), including unharvested patches (or aggregates) within larger harvested units, can benefit biodiversity compared to clearcutting. However, it is unclear whether these benefits can be generalized among the diverse taxa and biomes in which retention forestry is practiced. Lack of comparability in methods for sampling and analyzing responses to timber harvest and edge creation presents a challenge to synthesis...
December 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776980/why-are-we-waiting-patients-perspectives-for-accessing-emergency-department-services-with-non-urgent-complaints
#11
Maria Unwin, Leigh Kinsman, Scott Rigby
[Background] Emergency departments world-wide report service demands which exceed resource availability. Themes such as crowding, non-urgent presentations, ambulance diversion and access block have been linked to complications in care, poorer patient outcomes, increased morbidity and staff burnout. People attending the emergency department with problems perceived as non-urgent are frequently attributed blame for increased service demand, yet little is known from the patients' perspective. [Method] This project utilised a descriptive cross-sectional waiting room survey of non-urgent patients to identify factors contributing to their decision making process to access ED services at a regional hospital in Tasmania, Australia...
October 21, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707833/development-and-validation-of-a-screening-tool-for-the-identification-of-inappropriate-transthoracic-echocardiograms
#12
Ricardo Fonseca, Faraz Pathan, Thomas H Marwick
OBJECTIVE: We sought whether simple clinical markers could be used in a questionnaire for recognition of inappropriate (or rarely appropriate, RA) tests at point-of-service. Most applications of appropriateness criteria (AC) for transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) have been at the point of order, but a simple means of identifying RA tests in an audit process would be of value. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study was performed in 2 major hospitals in Tasmania...
October 5, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666536/gondwanan-conifer-clones-imperilled-by-bushfire
#13
James R P Worth, Shota Sakaguchi, Karl D Rann, Clarence J W Bowman, Motomi Ito, Gregory J Jordan, David M J S Bowman
Global increases in fire frequency driven by anthropogenic greenhouse emissions and land use change could threaten unique and ancient species by creeping into long-term fire refugia. The perhumid and mountainous western half of Tasmania is a globally important refugium for palaeo-endemic, fire intolerant lineages, especially conifers. Reproductive strategy will be crucial to the resilience of these organisms under warmer, dryer and more fire prone climates. This study analysed clonal versus sexual reproduction in old growth plots dominated by the palaeo-endemic conifer Athrotaxis cupressoides (Cupressaceae), a species that lacks any traits to tolerate frequent landscape fire...
September 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633126/abstracts-from-the-40th-human-genetics-society-of-australasia-annual-scientific-meeting-hobart-tasmania-august-6-9-2016
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603517/does-historical-coexistence-with-dingoes-explain-current-avoidance-of-domestic-dogs-island-bandicoots-are-na%C3%A3-ve-to-dogs-unlike-their-mainland-counterparts
#15
Anke S K Frank, Alexandra J R Carthey, Peter B Banks
Introduced predators have a global reputation for causing declines and extinctions of native species. Native prey naiveté towards novel predators is thought to be a key reason for predator impacts. However, naiveté is not necessarily forever: where coexistence establishes, it is likely that naiveté will be reduced through adaptation, and the once alien predator will eventually become recognised by prey. For example, native marsupial bandicoots in Sydney avoid backyards with domestic dogs (C. lupus familiaris), but not domestic cats (Felis catus), even though cats and dogs were both introduced about 200 years ago (Carthey and Banks 2012)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600207/geographical-differences-in-chlamydia-trachomatis-testing-in-15-29-year-olds-in-tasmania-findings-from-a-statewide-laboratory-data-linkage-study
#16
Nicola Stephens, David Coleman, Kelly Shaw, Alison Venn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2016: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596590/current-and-projected-global-distribution-of-phytophthora-cinnamomi-one-of-the-world-s-worst-plant-pathogens
#17
Treena I Burgess, John K Scott, Keith L Mcdougall, Michael J C Stukely, Colin Crane, William A Dunstan, Frances Brigg, Vera Andjic, Diane White, Tim Rudman, Frans Arentz, Noboru Ota, Giles E St J Hardy
Globally, Phytophthora cinnamomi is listed as one of the 100 worst invasive alien species and active management is required to reduce impact and prevent spread in both horticulture and natural ecosystems. Conversely, there are regions thought to be suitable for the pathogen where no disease is observed. We developed a climex model for the global distribution of P. cinnamomi based on the pathogen's response to temperature and moisture and by incorporating extensive empirical evidence on the presence and absence of the pathogen...
September 6, 2016: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593392/acute-photosensitisation-and-mortality-in-a-herd-of-dairy-cattle-in-tasmania
#18
H M Golder, N Moss, G Rogers, B Jackson, N Gannon, Ptw Wong, I J Lean
CASE HISTORY: A herd of Holstein, Jersey, or Holstein-Jersey cross lactating cattle of mixed ages presented with a sudden drop in milk yield in 94/678 cows on 3 October 2014 (Day 0). The herd was located in Gretna in the Derwent Valley (Tasmania, Australia) and had been grazing dryland pasture. CLINICAL FINDINGS: On Day 0 the cows variably showed recumbency, peracute photosensitisation, inflamed coronary bands, conjunctival erythema, periauricular oedema, distress indicated by kicking at the flank, bruxism, discomfort, weight shifting, vocalisation indicating pain and depression...
October 2, 2016: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589840/hematologic-and-serum-biochemical-changes-associated-with-devil-facial-tumor-disease-in-tasmanian-devils
#19
Sarah Peck, Ross Corkrey, Rodrigo Hamede, Menna Jones, Paul Canfield
BACKGROUND: Devil Facial Tumor Disease (DFTD) is an infectious tumor causing significant population declines in wild Tasmanian Devils. While clinical assessment and pathology have been well reported for DFTD, there is a lack of information on hematologic and biochemical alterations associated with DFTD. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to determine hematologic and serum biochemical variation in healthy, wounded, and DFTD-affected Tasmanian Devils. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from wild Tasmanian Devils at 5 sites in Tasmania...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585581/vitamin-d-supplementation-in-tasmanian-nursing-home-residents
#20
Colin M Curtain, Mackenzie Williams, Justin M Cousins, Gregory M Peterson, Tania Winzenberg
BACKGROUND: It is currently recommended in Australia that nursing home residents are supplemented daily with 1000 IU vitamin D as they are at an increased risk of fractures. Historically, supplementation has been low, and current supplementation prevalence is not known. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D supplementation amongst nursing home residents in Tasmania, Australia. METHODS: Resident data, including demographics, medical conditions and medications (including vitamin D and calcium supplement use), exercise and sun exposure, were obtained from residents' files and staff in consenting nursing homes...
September 1, 2016: Drugs & Aging
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