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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326037/experimental-uptake-and-depuration-of-paralytic-shellfish-toxins-in-southern-rock-lobster-jasus-edwardsii
#1
Thomas Madigan, Navreet Malhi, Jessica Tan, Catherine McLeod, Ian Stewart, Tim Harwood, Grant Mann, Alison Turnbull
In October 2012, paralytic shellfish toxins (PST) were detected in the hepatopancreas of Southern Rock Lobsters (Jasus edwardsii) collected from the east coast of Tasmania, Australia. This resulted in the first commercial closure in Australia for this species. Questions were raised on how the toxins were transferred to the lobsters, how long the toxins would persist, whether PST-contaminated hepatopancreas posed a risk to human health, and what management strategies could be applied. The aim of this study was to investigate whether PST-contaminated mussels are a potential vector enabling toxin accumulation in J...
January 8, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324273/a-situational-crime-prevention-analysis-of-anglican-clergy-s-child-protective-practices
#2
Michael Andre Guerzoni
To date, a predominant focus within the field of 'clerical collar crime' has revolved around institutional-level church responses to child sexual abuse events, survivors and offenders. Comparatively, little attention has been directed towards the micro-level and in particular, examining clerical responses to child sexual abuse. This article presents empirical findings concerning the 'everyday' child protective practices of Anglican clergy in the Diocese of Tasmania, Australia. Research data was acquired through open-ended qualitative interviews conducted with a sample of 34 clergy in a broader study of clerical culture, habitus and life amidst the 'church abuse crisis'...
January 8, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321909/detecting-rare-carnivores-using-scats-implications-for-monitoring-a-fox-incursion-into-tasmania
#3
David S L Ramsey, Candida Barclay, Catriona D Campbell, Elise Dewar, Anna J MacDonald, Elodie Modave, Sumaiya Quasim, Stephen D Sarre
The ability to detect the incursion of an invasive species or destroy the last individuals during an eradication program are some of the most difficult aspects of invasive species management. The presence of foxes in Tasmania is a contentious issue with recent structured monitoring efforts, involving collection of carnivore scats and testing for fox DNA, failing to detect any evidence of foxes. Understanding the likelihood that monitoring efforts would detect fox presence, given at least one is present, is therefore critical for understanding the role of scat monitoring for informing the response to an incursion...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319715/identification-and-return-of-a-skull-from-tasmania-in-the-berlin-anatomical-collection
#4
Andreas Winkelmann, Barbara Teßmann
Following a request by the Australian government, human remains of Australian origin were identified in the anatomical collection of Charité, the medical faculty of Berlin. We initiated an interdisciplinary provenance research on such remains to ensure their identity, elucidate their history, and prepare for a possible return to Australia. Here, we present results regarding a skull in the collection labeled as stemming from Tasmania. The non-invasive anthropological investigation revealed the skull to stem from a girl of about 15 years of age who most likely died of a massive otitis/petrositis with subsequent meningitis...
December 7, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317414/innovative-stroke-interactive-virtual-therapy-strive-online-platform-for-community-dwelling-stroke-survivors-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#5
Liam Johnson, Marie-Louise Bird, Makii Muthalib, Wei-Peng Teo
INTRODUCTION: The STRoke Interactive Virtual thErapy (STRIVE) intervention provides community-dwelling stroke survivors access to individualised, remotely supervised progressive exercise training via an online platform. This trial aims to determine the clinical efficacy of the STRIVE intervention and its effect on brain activity in community-dwelling stroke survivors. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In a multisite, assessor-blinded randomised controlled trial, 60 stroke survivors >3 months poststroke with mild-to-moderate upper extremity impairment will be recruited and equally randomised by location (Melbourne, Victoria or Launceston, Tasmania) to receive 8 weeks of virtual therapy (VT) at a local exercise training facility or usual care...
January 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301515/effectiveness-of-employer-financial-incentives-in-reducing-time-to-report-worker-injury-an-interrupted-time-series-study-of-two-australian-workers-compensation-jurisdictions
#6
Tyler J Lane, Shannon Gray, Behrooz Hassani-Mahmooei, Alex Collie
BACKGROUND: Early intervention following occupational injury can improve health outcomes and reduce the duration and cost of workers' compensation claims. Financial early reporting incentives (ERIs) for employers may shorten the time between injury and access to compensation benefits and services. We examined ERI effect on time spent in the claim lodgement process in two Australian states: South Australia (SA), which introduced them in January 2009, and Tasmania (TAS), which introduced them in July 2010...
January 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284563/a-novel-ehrlichia-species-in-blood-and-ixodes-ornithorhynchi-ticks-from-platypuses-ornithorhynchus-anatinus-in-queensland-and-tasmania-australia
#7
Alexander W Gofton, Siew-May Loh, Amanda D Barbosa, Andrea Paparini, Amber Gillett, James Macgregor, Charlotte L Oskam, Una M Ryan, Peter J Irwin
Worldwide, Ehrlichia spp. are emerging infectious organisms of domestic animals and people, however, most Ehrlichia spp. naturally infect wildlife reservoirs causing mainly asymptomatic infections. Australian ecosystems have been under-explored for these potentially pathogenic organisms, and recent studies have identified a range of novel Ehrlichia, and their sister genera, Anaplasma and 'Candidatus Neoehrlichia' species, from native Australian ticks. We used bacterial 16S rRNA (16S) next-generation sequencing and genus-specific PCR to profile the bacterial communities in platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) blood samples and platypus ticks (Ixodes ornithorhynchi), and identified a high prevalence of Ehrlichia sequences...
December 24, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259341/impact-of-the-g84e-variant-on-hoxb13-gene-and-protein-expression-in-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-prostate-tumours
#8
Liesel M FitzGerald, Kelsie Raspin, James R Marthick, Matt A Field, Roslyn C Malley, Russell J Thomson, Nicholas B Blackburn, Annette Banks, Jac C Charlesworth, Shaun Donovan, Joanne L Dickinson
The HOXB13 G84E variant is associated with risk of prostate cancer (PCa), however the role this variant plays in PCa development is unknown. This study examined 751 cases, 450 relatives and 355 controls to determine the contribution of this variant to PCa risk in Tasmania and investigated HOXB13 gene and protein expression in tumours from nine G84E heterozygote variant and 13 wild-type carriers. Quantitative PCR and immunohistochemistry showed that HOXB13 gene and protein expression did not differ between tumour samples from variant and wild-type carriers...
December 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243929/the-chemistry-of-some-dalodesmidean-millipedes-from-tasmania-diplopoda-polydesmida
#9
Tappey H Jones, Dylan M Guthrie, Conor T Hogan, Donovan J Robinson, Robert Mesibov, William A Shear, Thomas F Spande, Ralph A Saporito
Millipedes (Diplopoda) are well known for their toxic or repellent defensive secretions. As part of a larger investigation, we describe the chemical constituents of 14 species of Tasmanian millipedes in seven genera. Six species in the genus Gasterogramma were found to produce acyclic ketones, including the pungent unsaturated ketones 1, 2, and 6, and the novel (rel-3R,5S,7S)-3,5,7-trimethyl-2,8-decanedione (7b), for which the stereoconfiguration was established by stereoselective syntheses of pairs of isomers...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241229/back-to-the-future-occupational-diver-training-in-australia
#10
EDITORIAL
David Smart
The Australian Diver Accreditation Scheme (ADAS) had its genesis in the 1990s in response to a need to produce occupational divers who were trained to international standards with the necessary skills to safely undertake complex work in high-risk environments. Well-trained dive teams who are 'fit-for-purpose' can be regarded as the highest level of risk control in preventing accidents and workplace morbidity. Without such training, work site risks are not detected, with potentially disastrous consequences. In September 2017, the only civilian ADAS level 3 and 4 training facility in Australia, The Underwater Centre Tasmania (TUCT), closed its doors...
December 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218752/addressing-the-needs-of-first-time-fathers-in-tasmania-a-qualitative-study-of-father-only-antenatal-groups
#11
Meredith Nash
OBJECTIVE: To examine how first-time fathers in rural Tasmania experienced father-only antenatal support/education groups. DESIGN: Semistructured interviews with expectant fathers were used for this study. Purposive sampling was used to recruit fathers in 2014. Participants were recruited face-to-face via email through a government health service and not-for-profit organisation that runs a state-wide fatherhood program. Several participants were recruited through a company that holds antenatal education classes for men in a pub...
December 8, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200192/the-associations-of-multimorbidity-with-health-related-productivity-loss-in-a-large-and-diverse-public-sector-setting-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Lili Wang, Fiona Cocker, Michelle Kilpatrick, Petr Otahal, Lei Si, Andrew J Palmer, Kristy Sanderson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate absenteeism, presenteeism, and total lost productive time (LPT) associated with multimorbidity. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 3228 state-government employees from Tasmania were collected in 2013. The validated measures of absenteeism, presenteeism, and LPT were obtained from employees' self-reported data over a 28-day period. Analyses were stratified by sex. Negative binomial models were used to estimate the associations between multimorbidity and LPT...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188443/cannibalism-amongst-penitentiary-escapees-from-sarah-island-in-nineteenth-century-van-diemen-s-land
#13
Roger W Byard, Hamish Maxwell-Stewart
Alexander Pearce was an Irish convict incarcerated on Sarah Island on the west coast of Van Diemen's Land (modern day Tasmania, Australia) in 1822, following his transportation to the colony from the United Kingdom for seven years in 1819. On two occasions he escaped from the island, in September 1822 and again in November 1823, and was only able to survive the harsh conditions by killing and consuming his fellow escapees. Given that Pearce utilized the only sustenance that was at hand (i.e. his five companions), and that there was a temporal separation between the two episodes, this may represent a separate category of anthropophagy, that of serial opportunistic cannibalism...
November 29, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183283/mitochondrial-genome-sequencing-reveals-potential-origins-of-the-scabies-mite-sarcoptes-scabiei-infesting-two-iconic-australian-marsupials
#14
Tamieka A Fraser, Renfu Shao, Nicholas M Fountain-Jones, Michael Charleston, Alynn Martin, Pam Whiteley, Roz Holme, Scott Carver, Adam Polkinghorne
BACKGROUND: Debilitating skin infestations caused by the mite, Sarcoptes scabiei, have a profound impact on human and animal health globally. In Australia, this impact is evident across different segments of Australian society, with a growing recognition that it can contribute to rapid declines of native Australian marsupials. Cross-host transmission has been suggested to play a significant role in the epidemiology and origin of mite infestations in different species but a chronic lack of genetic resources has made further inferences difficult...
November 28, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176811/dietary-partitioning-of-australia-s-two-marsupial-hypercarnivores-the-tasmanian-devil-and-the-spotted-tailed-quoll-across-their-shared-distributional-range
#15
Georgina E Andersen, Christopher N Johnson, Leon A Barmuta, Menna E Jones
Australia's native marsupial fauna has just two primarily flesh-eating 'hypercarnivores', the Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) and the spotted-tailed quoll (Dasyurus maculatus) which coexist only on the island of Tasmania. Devil populations are currently declining due to a fatal transmissible cancer. Our aim was to analyse the diet of both species across their range in Tasmania, as a basis for understanding how devil decline might affect the abundance and distribution of quolls through release from competition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165849/a-novel-public-health-threat-high-lead-solder-in-stainless-steel-rainwater-tanks-in-tasmania
#16
Kerryn Lodo, Cameron Dalgleish, Mahomed Patel, Mark Veitch
OBJECTIVE: We identified two water tanks in Tasmania with water lead concentrations exceeding the Australian Drinking Water Guidelines (ADWG) limit; they had been constructed with stainless steel and high-lead solder from a single manufacturer. An investigation was initiated to identify all tanks constructed by this manufacturer and prevent further exposure to contaminated water. METHODS: To identify water tanks we used sales accounts, blood and water lead results from laboratories, and media...
November 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153298/barriers-to-optimal-pain-management-in-aged-care-facilities-an-australian-qualitative-study
#17
Felicity Veal, Mackenzie Williams, Luke Bereznicki, Elizabeth Cummings, Angus Thompson, Gregory Peterson, Tania Winzenberg
Up to 80% of residents in aged care facilities (ACFs) experience pain, which is often suboptimally managed. To characterize pain management in ACFs and identify the barriers to optimal pain management. An exploratory descriptive qualitative study using semistructured interviews. Five Southern Tasmania, Australian ACFs. 23 staff members (18 nurses and 5 facility managers). Interviews were conducted from September to November 2015. Interviews included questions about how pain was measured or assessed, what happened if pain was identified, barriers to pain management, and potential ways to overcome these barriers...
November 15, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134821/navigating-unintelligibility-queer-australian-young-women-s-negotiations-of-safe-sex-and-risk
#18
Ruby Grant, Meredith Nash
Australian public health promotion positions safe sex as a biomedical, heteronormative concept. Consequently, there is a dearth of scholarly research examining queer young women's sexual health. To fill this knowledge gap, this article considers how Australian bisexual and queer young women understand 'safe sex' and conceptualise 'good' sexual citizenship. Drawing on qualitative interviews with 15 participants in Tasmania, findings reveal that although queer women understand heterosexual safe sex, there is little awareness of safer sexual practices with female partners...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114163/a-new-and-unusual-species-of-amastigogonus-br%C3%A3-lemann-1913-from-tasmania-australia-diplopoda-spirostreptida-iulomorphidae
#19
Robert Mesibov
Amastigogonus insularissp. n. is described from Schouten and Tasman Islands off the east coast of Tasmania, and a key is presented for the identification of males of Tasmanian Amastigogonus species. The new species differs from the 10 previously described species of Amastigogonus in having a reduced coxite process on the anterior gonopod.
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109445/half-a-century-of-coastal-temperature-records-reveal-complex-warming-trends-in-western-boundary-currents
#20
Nick T Shears, Melissa M Bowen
Accelerated warming of western boundary currents due to the strengthening of subtropical gyres has had cascading effects on coastal ecosystems and is widely expected to result in further tropicalization of temperate regions. Predicting how species and ecosystems will respond requires a better understanding of the variability in ocean warming in complex boundary current regions. Using three ≥50 year temperature records we demonstrate high variability in the magnitude and seasonality of warming in the Southwest Pacific boundary current region...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
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