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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797318/single-laboratory-validation-of-the-neogen-qualitative-lateral-flow-immunoassay-for-the-detection-of-paralytic-shellfish-toxins-in-mussels-and-oysters
#1
Alison R Turnbull, Jessica Y C Tan, Sarah C Ugalde, Gustaaf M Hallegraeff, Katrina Campbell, D Tim Harwood, Juan José Dorantes-Aranda
Detection of paralytic shellfish toxins (PSTs) in bivalve shellfish by analytical methods is complicated and costly, requiring specific expertise and equipment. Following extensive blooms of Alexandrium tamarense Group 1 in Tasmania, Australia, an investigation was made into commercially available screening test kits suitable for use with the toxin profiles found in affected bivalves. The qualitative Neogen rapid test kit, with a modified protocol to convert gonyautoxins GTX1&4 and GTX2&3 into neosaxitoxin and saxitoxin (STX), respectively, with higher cross-reactivities, was the best fit-for-purpose...
August 10, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781025/changes-in-oral-anticoagulant-prescribing-for-stroke-prevention-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#2
Endalkachew Admassie, Leanne Chalmers, Luke R Bereznicki
Suboptimal guideline adherence and underuse of anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) have been reported worldwide. This study aimed to compare anticoagulation practice in Australia during the pre- and postdirect oral anticoagulant (DOAC) eras. Between January 2011 and July 2015, patients with nonvalvular AF (NVAF) admitted to the Royal Hobart Hospital, Tasmania, Australia, were retrospectively reviewed. The pre- and post-DOAC era cohorts included admissions from January 2011 to July 2013 and August 2013 to July 2015, respectively...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759784/development-of-a-model-for-particulate-matter-pollution-in-australia-with-implications-for-other-satellite-based-models
#3
Gavin Pereira, Hyung Joo Lee, Michelle Bell, Annette Regan, Eva Malacova, Ben Mullins, Luke D Knibbs
Estimating exposure to particulate matter (PM10) air pollution concentrations in Australia is challenging due to relatively few monitoring sites relative to the geographic distribution of the population. We modelled daily ground-level PM10 concentrations for the period 2006-2011 for Australia using linear mixed models with satellite remote-sensed AOD, land-use and geographical variables as predictors. The variation in daily PM10 explained by the model was 51% for Australia overall, and ranged from 51% for Tasmania to 78% for South Australia...
July 28, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739605/genetic-variation-in-the-gene-lrp2-increases-relapse-risk-in-multiple-sclerosis
#4
Yuan Zhou, Jennifer S Graves, Steve Simpson, Jac C Charlesworth, Ingrid van der Mei, Emmanuelle Waubant, Lisa F Barcellos, Anita Belman, Lauren Krupp, Robyn Lucas, Anne-Louise Ponsonby, Bruce V Taylor
BACKGROUND: Due to the lack of prospective studies with longitudinal data on relapse, past genetic studies have not attempted to identify genetic factors that predict relapse risk (the primary endpoint of many pivotal clinical trials testing the efficacy of multiple sclerosis (MS) disease-modifying drugs) at a genome-wide scale. METHODS: We conducted a genome-wide association analysis (GWAS) to identify genetic variants that predict MS relapse risk, using a three-stage approach...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731625/dietitians-association-of-australia-34th-national-conference-cultivating-fresh-evidence-hobart-tasmania-australia-18-20-may-2017
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726112/mortality-risk-among-older-australians-hospitalised-with-hip-fracture-a-population-based-matched-cohort-study
#6
Reidar P Lystad, Cate M Cameron, Rebecca J Mitchell
With an ageing population, the burden of hip fractures is expected to increase in the coming decades. Older individuals with hip fracture are more than 3.5 times more likely to die within 12 months compared to non-injured individuals. The main priority for reducing mortality should be prevention of hip fracture. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to quantify and describe the 12-month mortality of older persons presenting to hospitals in Australia with a hip fracture. METHODS: Population-based matched cohort study using linked hospital and mortality data from four Australian states (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, and Tasmania)...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704949/surrendered-and-stray-dogs-in-australia-estimation-of-numbers-entering-municipal-pounds-shelters-and-rescue-groups-and-their-outcomes
#7
Diana Chua, Jacquie Rand, John Morton
There is no national system for monitoring numbers of dogs entering municipal council pounds and shelters in Australia, or their outcomes. This limits understanding of the surrendered and stray dog issue, and prevents the evaluation of management strategies. We aimed to estimate these in 2012-2013. Dog intake and outcome data were collected for municipal councils and animal welfare organizations using annual reports, publications, primary peer-reviewed journal articles, websites and direct correspondence. More comprehensive data were obtained for New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Australian Capital Territory, whereas it was necessary to impute some or all data for Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland and Tasmania, as data were incomplete/unavailable...
July 12, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704263/facebook-advertising-for-participant-recruitment-into-a-blood-pressure-clinical-trial
#8
Erin L Nash, Deborah Gilroy, Wichat Srikusalanukul, Walter P Abhayaratna, Tony Stanton, Geoffrey Mitchell, Michael Stowasser, James E Sharman
OBJECTIVES: Recruitment of sufficient sample size into clinical trials is challenging. Conventional advertising methods are expensive and are often ineffective. The effectiveness of Facebook for recruitment into blood pressure clinical trials of middle-to-older-aged people is unknown. This study aimed to assess this by comparing Facebook advertising with conventional recruitment methods from a retrospective analysis within a clinical trial. METHODS: Conventional advertisements (newspaper, radio and posters) were employed for the first 20 months of a randomized controlled clinical trial conducted in three Australian capital cities from Tasmania, Queensland and the Australian Capital Territory...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695294/the-role-of-mhc-genes-in-contagious-cancer-the-story-of-tasmanian-devils
#9
REVIEW
Alison Caldwell, Hannah V Siddle
The Tasmanian devil, a marsupial species endemic to the island of Tasmania, harbours two contagious cancers, Devil Facial Tumour 1 (DFT1) and Devil Facial Tumour 2 (DFT2). These cancers pass between individuals in the population via the direct transfer of tumour cells, resulting in the growth of large tumours around the face and neck of affected animals. While these cancers are rare, a contagious cancer also exists in dogs and five contagious cancers circulate in bivalves. The ability of tumour cells to emerge and transmit in mammals is surprising as these cells are an allograft and should be rejected due to incompatibility between Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) genes...
July 11, 2017: Immunogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693807/inter-annual-variation-in-the-density-of-anthropogenic-debris-in-the-tasman-sea
#10
Osha-Ann Rudduck, Jennifer L Lavers, Andrew M Fischer, Silke Stuckenbrock, Paul B Sharp, Richard B Banati
An increasing number of studies highlight the risk of plastic pollution in the marine environment. However, systematic longitudinal data on the distribution and abundance of plastic debris remain sparse. Here we present the results of a two-year study of plastic pollution within the Tasman Sea, contrasted with a further year of data from the same region, in order to document how the density of debris varies across years in this area. Surface net tows were collected between Hobart, Tasmania and Sydney, Australia during the spring of 2013 and 2014 and compared with a subset of data from autumn 2012 from the same region...
July 7, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682122/concurrent-associations-between-maternal-behaviours-and-infant-communication-within-a-cohort-of-women-and-their-infants-experiencing-adversity
#11
Jodie Smith, Penny Levickis, Tricia Eadie, Lesley Bretherton, Laura Conway, Sharon Goldfeld
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that children living in adversity are at greater risk of poorer language than their peers with the quality of parental interactions potentially mediating this association. Studies typically measure the mediatory impact of generic interaction styles making it difficult to discern which particular aspects of the interaction are facilitating language. This study aims to bridge this gap by identifying specific maternal behaviours associated with concurrent infant communication, in a cohort of 12-month old infants and their mothers experiencing adversity...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679070/microsatellite-analysis-of-population-structure-in-eucalyptus-globulus
#12
Joana Seabra Costa, René Vaillancourt, Dorothy Steane, Rebecca Jones, Cristina Marques
Eucalyptus globulus subsp. globulus Labill (Tasmanian Blue Gum), native to southeast Australia, is a benchmark species for the pulp and paper industry. We genotyped 397 trees representing 16 populations of E. globulus native diversity in Australia with 24 microsatellite loci. Eight genetically distinct groups were detected, consistent with genetic groupings detected in previous quantitative and molecular studies. A sample of 29 Portuguese individuals was added to help clarify the origin of the Portuguese landrace...
July 5, 2017: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677825/the-impact-after-50-years-of-a-new-medical-education-programme-with-a-regional-workforce-mission
#13
Richard Hays, Sarah Bowles, Terry Brown, Anthony Lawler, James Vickers
BACKGROUND: Tasmania established its medical programme in 1965 to produce graduates to address medical workforce recruitment challenges. Many Tasmanian graduates work in Tasmania, but workforce problems continue. This paper reports the workforce outcomes of the first 42 graduating cohorts. METHODS: A database for all University of Tasmania medical graduates from the years 1970 to 2011 was developed by combining information from university, registration and local workforce survey databases...
July 5, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675798/st-john-s-hospital-morton-house-launceston-australia-a-history-of-the-hospital-and-dr-william-russ-pugh-s-first-operations-under-ether
#14
R P Haridas, J D Paull
On 7 June 1847, William Russ Pugh, MD, performed two operations at the St John's Hospital and Self-Supporting Dispensary, Launceston, Tasmania, while his patients were rendered insensible by the inhalation of sulphuric ether. These operations are the earliest documented surgical operations under ether in Australia. St John's Hospital officially opened on 1 September 1845. The hospital may have closed in late 1853 because of financial difficulties. The two-storey Georgian-style building which served as the hospital was completed c1831-1832...
March 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654801/hybrid-governance-of-aquaculture-opportunities-and-challenges
#15
Joanna Vince, Marcus Haward
The development of third party assessment and certification of fisheries and aquaculture has provided new forms of governance in sectors that were traditionally dominated by state based regulation. Emerging market based approaches are driven by shareholder expectations as well as commitment to corporate social responsibility, whereas community engagement is increasingly centered on the questions of social license to operate. Third party assessment and certification links state, market and community into an interesting and challenging hybrid form of governance...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641321/identifying-and-acting-on-potentially-inappropriate-care-inadequacy-of-current-hospital-coding-for-this-task
#16
P David Cooper, David R Smart
INTRODUCTION: Recent Australian attempts to facilitate disinvestment in healthcare, by identifying instances of 'inappropriate' care from large Government datasets, are subject to significant methodological flaws. Amongst other criticisms has been the fact that the Government datasets utilized for this purpose correlate poorly with datasets collected by relevant professional bodies. Government data derive from official hospital coding, collected retrospectively by clerical personnel, whilst professional body data derive from unit-specific databases, collected contemporaneously with care by clinical personnel...
June 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634805/comparative-prevalence-of-escherichia-coli-carrying-virulence-genes-and-class-1-and-2-integrons-in-sub-tropical-and-cool-temperate-freshwater
#17
Jatinder P S Sidhu, Paul Jagals, Amy Smith, Simon Toze
Aquatic environments are now recognized secondary habitat of potentially pathogenic Escherichia coli. In this study, PCR-based analyses were used to determine the phylogenetic composition and frequency of occurrence of eight clinically significant virulence genes (VGs) in E. coli isolates from sub-tropical Brisbane and cool temperate Tasmania freshwater in Australia. In Brisbane, non-commensal E. coli isolates belonging to the B2 and D phylogenetic group were dominant (72%). A significantly higher number (P < 0...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634257/two-fossil-species-of-metrosideros-myrtaceae-from-the-oligo-miocene-golden-fleece-locality-in-tasmania-australia
#18
Myall Tarran, Peter G Wilson, Michael K Macphail, Greg J Jordan, Robert S Hill
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: The capsular-fruited genus Metrosideros (Myrtaceae) is one of the most widely distributed flowering plant genera in the Pacific but is extinct in Australia today. The center of geographic origin for the genus and the reason for and timing of its extinction in Australia remain uncertain. We identify fossil Metrosideros fruits from the newly discovered Golden Fleece fossil flora in the Oligo-Miocene of Tasmania, Australia, shedding further light on these problems. METHODS: Standard paleopalynological techniques were used to date the fossil-bearing sediments...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610650/testing-for-chlamydial-infection-are-we-meeting-clinical-guidelines-evidence-from-a-state-level-laboratory-data-linkage-analysis-for-15-to-29-year-olds
#19
Nicola Stephens, David Coleman, Kelly Shaw, Maree O' Sullivan, Alistair McGregor, Louise Cooley, Hassan Vally, Alison Venn
Background: Clinical guidelines recommend annual chlamydia tests for all sexually active people aged 15-29 years. This study measured adherence to these guidelines and compared testing rates to the projected levels required to reduce chlamydia prevalence. Methods: All chlamydia tests conducted in Tasmania during 2012-13, for residents aged 15-29 years, were linked. Data linkage allowed individuals who had multiple tests across different healthcare settings to be counted only once each year in analyses. Rates of testing and test positivity by age, sex, rebate status and socioeconomic indicators were measured...
June 14, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610269/feather-mites-of-the-genera-i-dubininia-i-and-i-cacatualges-i-acari-xolalgidae-associated-with-parrots-aves-psittaciformes-of-the-old-world
#20
Sergey V Mironov, Rainer Ehrnsberger, Jacek Dabert
This paper gives a systematic revision of feather mites of the genera Dubininia Vassilev, 1958 and Cacatualges Dabert, Badek and Skoracki, 2007 (Xolalgidae: Ingrassiinae) associated with parrots (Aves: Psittaciformes) of the Old World. Five new species are described: Cacatualges probosciger sp. n. from Probosciger aterrimus (Gmelin) (Cacatuidae) from New Guinea, Dubininia charmosynae sp. n. from Charmosyna pulchella Gray GR (Psittaculidae) from New Guinea, D. micropsittae sp. n. from Micropsitta pusio pusio (Scaltter) (Psittaculidae) from New Guinea, D...
May 31, 2017: Zootaxa
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