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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521386/remobilisation-of-industrial-lead-depositions-in-ash-during-australian-wildfires
#1
Liqin Wu, Mark Patrick Taylor, Heather K Handley
This study examined the recycling of lead (Pb) in ash from wildfires, its source and potential contribution to environmental contamination. Ash from wildfires was collected from four Australian sites following uncontrolled fires during 2012 to 2013 close to major urban populations in Sydney (New South Wales), Hobart (Tasmania) and Adelaide (South Australia). The samples were analysed for their total Pb concentration and Pb isotopic composition to determine the sources of Pb and the extent, if any, of industrial contamination and its recycling into the ecosystem...
May 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502310/variations-in-out-of-pocket-costs-for-primary-care-services-across-australia-a-regional-analysis
#2
Emily Callander, Sarah Larkins, Lisa Corscadden
The aim of this study is to describe average out-of-pocket costs across different regions of Australia, as defined by Primary Health Network (PHN) boundaries, and assess the association between population characteristics and out-of-pocket costs for selected primary care services. A combination of descriptive and regression analysis was undertaken using administrative data from the Australian Department of Human Services reporting on the health services used across PHNs in Australia. Those in regional areas paid significantly more for Allied Health services than those in capital cities (A$5...
May 15, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500764/phylogeny-is-a-powerful-tool-for-predicting-plant-biomass-responses-to-nitrogen-enrichment
#3
Rachel C Wooliver, Zachary H Marion, Christopher R Peterson, Brad M Potts, John K Senior, Joseph K Bailey, Jennifer A Schweitzer
Increasing rates of anthropogenic nitrogen (N) enrichment to soils often lead to the dominance of nitrophilic plant species and reduce plant diversity in natural ecosystems. Yet, we lack a framework to predict which species will be winners or losers in soil N enrichment scenarios, a framework that current literature suggests should integrate plant phylogeny, functional trade-offs, and nutrient co-limitation. Using a controlled fertilization experiment, we quantified biomass responses to N enrichment for 23 forest tree species within the genus Eucalyptus that are native to Tasmania, Australia...
May 13, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500624/temporal-trends-for-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-tsh-and-thyroid-peroxidase-antibody-atpo-testing-across-two-phases-of-iodine-fortification-in-tasmania-1995-2013
#4
A Hong, B Stokes, P Otahal, D Owens, J R Burgess
CONTEXT: Tasmania is an island State of the Australian Commonwealth with a well-documented history of mild iodine deficiency. Between 2001 and 2009 Tasmania experienced two incremental phases of iodine fortification. OBJECTIVE: To examine trends for thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroid peroxidase antibody (ATPO) testing and their relationship to different phases of iodine nutrition in the Tasmanian population between 1995 and 2013. DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal study...
May 13, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484632/relict-or-reintroduction-genetic-population-assignment-of-three-tasmanian-devils-sarcophilus-harrisii-recovered-on-mainland-australia
#5
Lauren C White, Jeremy J Austin
Today, the Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) is found only on the island of Tasmania, despite once being widespread across mainland Australia. While the devil is thought to have become extinct on the mainland approximately 3000 years ago, three specimens were collected in Victoria (south-eastern Australia) between 1912 and 1991, raising the possibility that a relict mainland population survived in the area. Alternatively, these devils may have escaped captivity or were deliberately released after being transported from Tasmania, a practice that has been strictly controlled since the onset of devil facial tumour disease in the early 1990s...
April 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484364/energy-homeostasis-in-monotremes
#6
REVIEW
Stewart C Nicol
In 1803, the French anatomist Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire decided that the newly described echidna and platypus should be placed in a separate order, the monotremes, intermediate between reptiles and mammals. The first physiological observations showed monotremes had low body temperatures and metabolic rates, and the consensus was that they were at a stage of physiological development intermediate between "higher mammals" and "lower vertebrates." Subsequent studies demonstrated that platypuses and echidnas are capable of close thermoregulation in the cold although less so under hot conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472461/patient-reported-impact-of-after-hours-house-call-services-on-the-utilization-of-emergency-department-services-in-australia
#7
Chris O Ifediora, Gary D Rogers
Objectives.: This paper explores, from the patients' perspective, the likely impact of the Australian after-hours house-call (AHHC) medical services on emergency department (ED) presentations. This has become imperative given the significant cost difference between patient presentations to either the AHHC or ED and their practical implications for health care funding. Design, setting and participants.: A cross-sectional, self-reported survey of all 10 838 patients in Australia known to have patronized AHHC services over the last week of January 2016...
May 2, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470987/the-ties-that-bind-what-s-in-a-title
#8
Susan J Neuhaus
BACKGROUND: Many Australian and New Zealand surgeons use the title 'Mister' rather than 'Doctor', a practice dating back to traditions established over 600 years ago. The Royal Australasian College of Surgeons is currently undergoing a period of critical self-reflection, embodied by its 'Respect' campaign. Active measures to embrace diversity and encourage women into surgery are underway. METHODS: This paper reviews the historical basis to the use of gendered titles and their current use amongst fellows...
May 4, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450898/a-single-blinded-randomized-parallel-group-superiority-trial-investigating-the-effects-of-footwear-and-custom-foot-orthoses-versus-footwear-alone-in-individuals-with-patellofemoral-joint-osteoarthritis-a-phase-ii-pilot-trial-protocol
#9
Narelle Wyndow, Kay M Crossley, Bill Vicenzino, Kylie Tucker, Natalie J Collins
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral joint osteoarthritis is a common condition, yet information regarding conservative management is lacking. Foot orthoses are an effective intervention for improving pain and function in younger individuals with patellofemoral pain and may be effective in those with patellofemoral osteoarthritis. This pilot study will seek to establish the feasibility of a phase III randomised controlled trial to investigate whether foot orthoses worn in prescribed motion controlled footwear are superior to prescribed motion control footwear alone in the management of patellofemoral osteoarthritis...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429583/a-qualitative-study-of-the-role-of-australian-general-practitioners-in-the-surgical-management-of-obesity
#10
K Jose, A Venn, M Nelson, F Howes, S Wilkinson, D Ezzy
General practitioners (GPs) are increasingly managing patients with class 2 and 3 obesity (body mass index [BMI] > 35 and 40 kg/m(2) , respectively). Bariatric surgery is considered for patients with class 2 obesity and comorbidities or class 3 obesity where sustained weight loss using non-surgical interventions has not been achieved. In Australia, GPs facilitate access to surgery through referral processes, but the nature of GP involvement in bariatric pre- and post-surgery care is currently unclear...
April 20, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423030/molecular-characterization-of-cryptosporidium-and-giardia-from-the-tasmanian-devil-sarcophilus-harrisii
#11
Liana F Wait, Samantha Fox, Sarah Peck, Michelle L Power
The Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) is a carnivorous marsupial found only in the wild in Tasmania, Australia. Tasmanian devils are classified as endangered and are currently threatened by devil facial tumour disease, a lethal transmissible cancer that has decimated the wild population in Tasmania. To prevent extinction of Tasmanian devils, conservation management was implemented in 2003 under the Save the Tasmanian Devil Program. This study aimed to assess if conservation management was altering the interactions between Tasmanian devils and their parasites...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403207/biosecurity-messages-are-lost-in-translation-to-citizens-implications-for-devolving-management-to-citizens
#12
Marnie L Campbell, Dominic E P Bryant, Chad L Hewitt
The increasing focus of marine biosecurity agencies on transferring management responsibilities to citizens and industry begs the question whether devolved responsibility is a viable option for creating biosecurity outcomes. We examined recreational marine users' self-declared awareness of non-indigenous marine species (NIMS) at six locations in Tasmania, Australia and evaluated the accuracy of their awareness through recognition of four well-known NIMS with active awareness campaigns. We also investigated whether the activities of recreational marine users influence the accuracy of their NIMS recognition skills...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401714/an-audit-of-patients-with-mature-t-cell-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-by-transplant-status-in-tasmania
#13
Ciara Conduit, Rosemary Harrup, Scott Ragg, Anna Johnston
This retrospective audit of patients diagnosed with mature T-cell lymphoma across a 10-year period provides contemporary information on the outcomes and treatment patterns of an Australian cohort. Forty-two patients diagnosed with mature T-cell lymphoma were identified from the Tasmanian Cancer Registry and analysed using medical records and simple statistical analysis. The demographics and outcomes of patients in this cohort were comparable to large international studies with treatment patterns in line with the best available evidence...
April 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401692/47th-annual-scientific-meeting-of-the-australian-and-new-zealand-society-of-nuclear-medicine-hobart-tasmania-21-23-apr-2017-evidence-and-outcomes
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385139/australian-gonococcal-surveillance-programme-annual-report-2015
#15
Monica M Lahra, Rodney P Enriquez
The Australian Gonococcal Surveillance Programme (AGSP) has continuously monitored antimicrobial resistance in clinical isolates of Neisseria gonorrhoeae from all Australian states and territories since 1981. In 2015, there were 5,411 clinical isolates of gonococci from public and private sector sources tested for in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility by standardised methods. Current treatment recommendations for the majority of Australian states and territories is a dual therapeutic strategy of ceftriaxone and azithromycin...
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384391/trends-in-anecdotal-fox-sightings-in-tasmania-accounted-for-by-psychological-factors
#16
Clive A Marks, Malcolm Clark, David Obendorf, Graham P Hall, Inês Soares, Filipe Pereira
There has been little evaluation of anecdotal sightings as a means to confirm new incursions of invasive species. This paper explores the potential for equivocal information communicated by the media to account for patterns of anecdotal reports. In 2001 it was widely reported that red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) had been deliberately released in the island state of Tasmania (Australia), although this claim was later revealed to be baseless. Regardless, by 2013 a total of 3153 anecdotal fox sightings had been reported by members of the public and this implied the wide distribution of foxes...
April 6, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382494/adverse-drug-reaction-related-hospitalizations-in-elderly-australians-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study-in-two-tasmanian-hospitals
#17
Nibu Parameswaran Nair, Leanne Chalmers, Bonnie J Bereznicki, Colin Curtain, Gregory M Peterson, Michael Connolly, Luke R Bereznicki
INTRODUCTION: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) have been commonly cited as a major cause of hospital admissions in older individuals. However, despite the apparent magnitude of this problem, there are limited prospective data on ADRs as a cause of hospitalization in elderly medical patients. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the proportion, clinical characteristics, causality, severity, preventability, and outcome of ADR-related admissions in older patients admitted to two Tasmanian hospitals...
April 6, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348835/whole-genome-analysis-of-yersinia-ruckeri-isolated-over-27-years-in-australia-and-new-zealand-reveals-geographical-endemism-over-multiple-lineages-and-recent-evolution-under-host-selection
#18
Andrew C Barnes, Jerome Delamare-Deboutteville, Nicholas Gudkovs, Cara Brosnahan, Richard Morrison, Jeremy Carson
Yersinia ruckeri is a salmonid pathogen with widespread distribution in cool-temperate waters including Australia and New Zealand, two isolated environments with recently developed salmonid farming industries. Phylogenetic comparison of 58 isolates from Australia, New Zealand, USA, Chile, Finland and China based on non-recombinant core genome SNPs revealed multiple deep-branching lineages, with a most recent common ancestor estimated at 18 500 years BP (12 355-24 757 95% HPD) and evidence of Australasian endemism...
November 2016: Microbial Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331389/iulomorphid-millipedes-diplopoda-spirostreptida-iulomorphidae-of-tasmania-australia
#19
Robert Mesibov
Tasmanian Iulomorphidae are here assigned to the genera Amastigogonus Brölemann, 1913, Atelomastix Attems, 1911 and Equestrigonusgen. n. Descriptions or redescriptions are given for Amastigogonus danpicolasp. n., Amastigogonus elephassp. n., Amastigogonus fossuliger Verhoeff, 1944, Amastigogonus hardyi (Chamberlin, 1920), Amastigogonus hellyerisp. n., Amastigogonus michaelsaesp. n., Amastigogonus orientalissp. n., Amastigogonus peninsulensissp. n., Amastigogonus tasmanianus Brölemann, 1913 (type species of Amastigogonus), Amastigogonus verreauxii (Gervais, 1847), Atelomastix bonhamisp...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320789/-right-home-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-sustained-nurse-home-visiting-from-pregnancy-to-child-age-2%C3%A2-years-versus-usual-care-to-improve-parent-care-parent-responsivity-and-the-home-learning-environment-at-2%C3%A2-years
#20
Sharon Goldfeld, Anna Price, Hannah Bryson, Tracey Bruce, Fiona Mensah, Francesca Orsini, Lisa Gold, Harriet Hiscock, Charlene Smith, Lara Bishop, Dianne Jackson, Lynn Kemp
INTRODUCTION: By the time children start school, inequities in learning, development and health outcomes are already evident. Sustained nurse home visiting (SNHV) offers a potential platform for families experiencing adversity, who often have limited access to services. While SNHV programmes have been growing in popularity in Australia and internationally, it is not known whether they can improve children's learning and development when offered via the Australian service system. The right@home trial aims to investigate the effectiveness of an SNHV programme, offered to women from pregnancy to child age 2 years, in improving parent care of and responsivity to the child, and the home learning environment...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
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