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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429583/a-qualitative-study-of-the-role-of-australian-general-practitioners-in-the-surgical-management-of-obesity
#1
K Jose, A Venn, M Nelson, F Howes, S Wilkinson, D Ezzy
General practitioners (GPs) are increasingly managing patients with class 2 and 3 obesity (body mass index [BMI] > 35 and 40 kg/m(2) , respectively). Bariatric surgery is considered for patients with class 2 obesity and comorbidities or class 3 obesity where sustained weight loss using non-surgical interventions has not been achieved. In Australia, GPs facilitate access to surgery through referral processes, but the nature of GP involvement in bariatric pre- and post-surgery care is currently unclear...
April 20, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423030/molecular-characterization-of-cryptosporidium-and-giardia-from-the-tasmanian-devil-sarcophilus-harrisii
#2
Liana F Wait, Samantha Fox, Sarah Peck, Michelle L Power
The Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii) is a carnivorous marsupial found only in the wild in Tasmania, Australia. Tasmanian devils are classified as endangered and are currently threatened by devil facial tumour disease, a lethal transmissible cancer that has decimated the wild population in Tasmania. To prevent extinction of Tasmanian devils, conservation management was implemented in 2003 under the Save the Tasmanian Devil Program. This study aimed to assess if conservation management was altering the interactions between Tasmanian devils and their parasites...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403207/biosecurity-messages-are-lost-in-translation-to-citizens-implications-for-devolving-management-to-citizens
#3
Marnie L Campbell, Dominic E P Bryant, Chad L Hewitt
The increasing focus of marine biosecurity agencies on transferring management responsibilities to citizens and industry begs the question whether devolved responsibility is a viable option for creating biosecurity outcomes. We examined recreational marine users' self-declared awareness of non-indigenous marine species (NIMS) at six locations in Tasmania, Australia and evaluated the accuracy of their awareness through recognition of four well-known NIMS with active awareness campaigns. We also investigated whether the activities of recreational marine users influence the accuracy of their NIMS recognition skills...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401714/an-audit-of-patients-with-mature-t-cell-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-by-transplant-status-in-tasmania
#4
Ciara Conduit, Rosemary Harrup, Scott Ragg, Anna Johnston
This retrospective audit of patients diagnosed with mature T-cell lymphoma across a 10-year period provides contemporary information on the outcomes and treatment patterns of an Australian cohort. Forty-two patients diagnosed with mature T-cell lymphoma were identified from the Tasmanian Cancer Registry and analysed using medical records and simple statistical analysis. The demographics and outcomes of patients in this cohort were comparable to large international studies with treatment patterns in line with the best available evidence...
April 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401692/47th-annual-scientific-meeting-of-the-australian-and-new-zealand-society-of-nuclear-medicine-hobart-tasmania-21-23-apr-2017-evidence-and-outcomes
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385139/australian-gonococcal-surveillance-programme-annual-report-2015
#6
Monica M Lahra, Rodney P Enriquez
The Australian Gonococcal Surveillance Programme (AGSP) has continuously monitored antimicrobial resistance in clinical isolates of Neisseria gonorrhoeae from all Australian states and territories since 1981. In 2015, there were 5,411 clinical isolates of gonococci from public and private sector sources tested for in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility by standardised methods. Current treatment recommendations for the majority of Australian states and territories is a dual therapeutic strategy of ceftriaxone and azithromycin...
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384391/trends-in-anecdotal-fox-sightings-in-tasmania-accounted-for-by-psychological-factors
#7
Clive A Marks, Malcolm Clark, David Obendorf, Graham P Hall, Inês Soares, Filipe Pereira
There has been little evaluation of anecdotal sightings as a means to confirm new incursions of invasive species. This paper explores the potential for equivocal information communicated by the media to account for patterns of anecdotal reports. In 2001 it was widely reported that red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) had been deliberately released in the island state of Tasmania (Australia), although this claim was later revealed to be baseless. Regardless, by 2013 a total of 3153 anecdotal fox sightings had been reported by members of the public and this implied the wide distribution of foxes...
April 6, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382494/adverse-drug-reaction-related-hospitalizations-in-elderly-australians-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study-in-two-tasmanian-hospitals
#8
Nibu Parameswaran Nair, Leanne Chalmers, Bonnie J Bereznicki, Colin Curtain, Gregory M Peterson, Michael Connolly, Luke R Bereznicki
INTRODUCTION: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) have been commonly cited as a major cause of hospital admissions in older individuals. However, despite the apparent magnitude of this problem, there are limited prospective data on ADRs as a cause of hospitalization in elderly medical patients. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the proportion, clinical characteristics, causality, severity, preventability, and outcome of ADR-related admissions in older patients admitted to two Tasmanian hospitals...
April 6, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348835/whole-genome-analysis-of-yersinia-ruckeri-isolated-over-27-years-in-australia-and-new-zealand-reveals-geographical-endemism-over-multiple-lineages-and-recent-evolution-under-host-selection
#9
Andrew C Barnes, Jerome Delamare-Deboutteville, Nicholas Gudkovs, Cara Brosnahan, Richard Morrison, Jeremy Carson
Yersinia ruckeri is a salmonid pathogen with widespread distribution in cool-temperate waters including Australia and New Zealand, two isolated environments with recently developed salmonid farming industries. Phylogenetic comparison of 58 isolates from Australia, New Zealand, USA, Chile, Finland and China based on non-recombinant core genome SNPs revealed multiple deep-branching lineages, with a most recent common ancestor estimated at 18 500 years BP (12 355-24 757 95% HPD) and evidence of Australasian endemism...
November 2016: Microbial Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331389/iulomorphid-millipedes-diplopoda-spirostreptida-iulomorphidae-of-tasmania-australia
#10
Robert Mesibov
Tasmanian Iulomorphidae are here assigned to the genera Amastigogonus Brölemann, 1913, Atelomastix Attems, 1911 and Equestrigonusgen. n. Descriptions or redescriptions are given for Amastigogonus danpicolasp. n., Amastigogonus elephassp. n., Amastigogonus fossuliger Verhoeff, 1944, Amastigogonus hardyi (Chamberlin, 1920), Amastigogonus hellyerisp. n., Amastigogonus michaelsaesp. n., Amastigogonus orientalissp. n., Amastigogonus peninsulensissp. n., Amastigogonus tasmanianus Brölemann, 1913 (type species of Amastigogonus), Amastigogonus verreauxii (Gervais, 1847), Atelomastix bonhamisp...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320789/-right-home-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-sustained-nurse-home-visiting-from-pregnancy-to-child-age-2%C3%A2-years-versus-usual-care-to-improve-parent-care-parent-responsivity-and-the-home-learning-environment-at-2%C3%A2-years
#11
Sharon Goldfeld, Anna Price, Hannah Bryson, Tracey Bruce, Fiona Mensah, Francesca Orsini, Lisa Gold, Harriet Hiscock, Charlene Smith, Lara Bishop, Dianne Jackson, Lynn Kemp
INTRODUCTION: By the time children start school, inequities in learning, development and health outcomes are already evident. Sustained nurse home visiting (SNHV) offers a potential platform for families experiencing adversity, who often have limited access to services. While SNHV programmes have been growing in popularity in Australia and internationally, it is not known whether they can improve children's learning and development when offered via the Australian service system. The right@home trial aims to investigate the effectiveness of an SNHV programme, offered to women from pregnancy to child age 2 years, in improving parent care of and responsivity to the child, and the home learning environment...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285586/serological-evidence-of-exposure-to-rickettsia-felis-and-rickettsia-typhi-in-australian-veterinarians
#12
Yen Thon Teoh, Sze Fui Hii, Mark A Stevenson, Stephen Graves, Robert Rees, John Stenos, Rebecca J Traub
BACKGROUND: Rickettsia felis and Rickettsia typhi are emerging arthropod-borne zoonoses causing fever and flu-like symptoms. Seroprevalence and risk factors associated with exposure to these organisms was explored in Australian veterinarians. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-one veterinarians from across Australia were recruited to participate in a cross-sectional survey. Veterinarians provided a single blood sample and answered a questionnaire on potential risk factors influencing their exposure to R...
March 13, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281667/differentiating-littering-urban-runoff-and-marine-transport-as-sources-of-marine-debris-in-coastal-and-estuarine-environments
#13
Kathryn Willis, Britta Denise Hardesty, Lorne Kriwoken, Chris Wilcox
Marine debris is a burgeoning global issue with economic, ecological and aesthetic impacts. While there are many studies now addressing this topic, the influence of urbanisation factors such as local population density, stormwater drains and roads on the distribution of coastal litter remains poorly understood. To address this knowledge gap, we carried out standardized surveys at 224 transect surveys at 67 sites in two estuaries and along the open coast in Tasmania, Australia. We explored the relative support for three hypotheses regarding the sources of the debris; direct deposition by beachgoers, transport from surrounding areas via storm water drains and coastal runoff, and onshore transport from the marine system...
March 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258469/compounding-effects-of-agricultural-land-use-and-water-use-in-free-flowing-rivers-confounding-issues-for-environmental-flows
#14
Scott A Hardie, Chris J Bobbi
Defining the ecological impacts of water extraction from free-flowing river systems in altered landscapes is challenging as multiple stressors (e.g., flow regime alteration, increased sedimentation) may have simultaneous effects and attributing causality is problematic. This multiple-stressor context has been acknowledged in environmental flows science, but is often neglected when it comes to examining flow-ecology relationships, and setting and implementing environmental flows. We examined the impacts of land and water use on rivers in the upper Ringarooma River catchment in Tasmania (south-east Australia), which contains intensively irrigated agriculture, to support implementation of a water management plan...
March 3, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243534/making-inference-from-wildlife-collision-data-inferring-predator-absence-from-prey-strikes
#15
Peter Caley, Geoffrey R Hosack, Simon C Barry
Wildlife collision data are ubiquitous, though challenging for making ecological inference due to typically irreducible uncertainty relating to the sampling process. We illustrate a new approach that is useful for generating inference from predator data arising from wildlife collisions. By simply conditioning on a second prey species sampled via the same collision process, and by using a biologically realistic numerical response functions, we can produce a coherent numerical response relationship between predator and prey...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208796/recent%C3%A2-trends%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-marine%C3%A2-phycotoxins%C3%A2-from%C3%A2-australian%C3%A2-coastal%C3%A2-waters
#16
Penelope Ajani, D Tim Harwood, Shauna A Murray
Phycotoxins, which are produced by harmful microalgae and bioaccumulate in the  marine food web, are of growing concern for Australia. These harmful algae pose a threat to  ecosystem and human health, as well as constraining the progress of aquaculture, one of the fastest  growing food sectors in the world. With better monitoring, advanced analytical skills and an  increase in microalgal expertise, many phycotoxins have been identified in Australian coastal  waters in recent years...
February 9, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177198/the-tasmanian-atrial-fibrillation-study-transition-to-direct-oral-anticoagulants-2011-2015
#17
Endalkachew Admassie Alamneh, Leanne Chalmers, Luke R Bereznicki
INTRODUCTION: Contemporary Australian data regarding antithrombotic prescribing patterns following approval of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are limited. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess antithrombotic prescribing patterns before, during and after the clinical introduction of DOACs. METHODS: Using digital medical records, this retrospective cohort study included all patients with AF as a primary or secondary diagnosis who were admitted to the Royal Hobart Hospital, Tasmania, Australia, between January 2011 and July 2015...
February 8, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139954/a-need-for-dynamic-hematology-and-serum-biochemistry-reference-tools-novel-use-of-sine-wave-functions-to-produce-seasonally-varying-reference-curves-in-platypuses-ornithorhynchus-anatinus
#18
James W Macgregor, Carly S Holyoake, Joanne H Connolly, Ian D Robertson, Patricia A Fleming, Kristin S Warren
Seasonal changes in hematology and serum biochemistry results, described by separate reference intervals for different seasons, have been reported in many animals. We developed a novel method to investigate seasonal variation in values and a reference tool (the reference curve) based on sine wave functions that, for suitable variables, represents data more appropriately than a fixed reference interval. We applied these techniques to values observed in blood samples from 126 adult wild platypuses ( Ornithorhynchus anatinus ; 58 females and 68 males)...
April 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132666/chlamydia-retesting-and-retest-positivity-rates-results-from-a-state-wide-laboratory-data-linkage-study-in-tasmania-2012-13
#19
Nicola Stephens, David Coleman, Kelly Shaw, Maree O'Sullivan, Alistair McGregor, Louise Cooley, Alison Venn
Background: Chlamydia re-infection increases the likelihood of adverse long-term sequelae. Clinical guidelines recommend retesting at 3-12 months for individuals with positive results, to detect re-infections. Retesting and test positivity levels were measured in young people who previously tested positive for chlamydia infection. Methods: All chlamydia tests conducted during 2012-13 in Tasmanian residents aged 15-29 years were linked. Retesting and retest positivity rates were calculated by sex, age, socioeconomic indicators and test timeframe...
January 30, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118556/investigation-into-individual-health-and-exposure-to-infectious-agents-of-platypuses-ornithorhynchus-anatinus-in-two-river-catchments-in-northwest-tasmania
#20
James W Macgregor, Carly S Holyoake, Sarah A Munks, Joanne H Connolly, Ian D Robertson, Patricia A Fleming, Kristin S Warren
Changes in the health of individuals within wildlife populations can be a cause or effect of population declines in wildlife species. Aspects of individual platypus ( Ornithorhynchus anatinus ) health have been reported. However, holistic studies investigating potential synergistic effects of both pathogens and environmental factors are needed to expand understanding of platypus individual health. We collected baseline data on the health of platypuses in two Tasmanian river catchments (including evidence of the potentially fatal fungal disease mucormycosis) and on individual, demographic, and geographic patterns associated with health data results...
April 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
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