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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331389/iulomorphid-millipedes-diplopoda-spirostreptida-iulomorphidae-of-tasmania-australia
#1
Robert Mesibov
Tasmanian Iulomorphidae are here assigned to the genera Amastigogonus Brölemann, 1913, Atelomastix Attems, 1911 and Equestrigonusgen. n. Descriptions or redescriptions are given for Amastigogonus danpicolasp. n., Amastigogonus elephassp. n., Amastigogonus fossuliger Verhoeff, 1944, Amastigogonus hardyi (Chamberlin, 1920), Amastigogonus hellyerisp. n., Amastigogonus michaelsaesp. n., Amastigogonus orientalissp. n., Amastigogonus peninsulensissp. n., Amastigogonus tasmanianus Brölemann, 1913 (type species of Amastigogonus), Amastigogonus verreauxii (Gervais, 1847), Atelomastix bonhamisp...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320789/-right-home-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-sustained-nurse-home-visiting-from-pregnancy-to-child-age-2%C3%A2-years-versus-usual-care-to-improve-parent-care-parent-responsivity-and-the-home-learning-environment-at-2%C3%A2-years
#2
Sharon Goldfeld, Anna Price, Hannah Bryson, Tracey Bruce, Fiona Mensah, Francesca Orsini, Lisa Gold, Harriet Hiscock, Charlene Smith, Lara Bishop, Dianne Jackson, Lynn Kemp
INTRODUCTION: By the time children start school, inequities in learning, development and health outcomes are already evident. Sustained nurse home visiting (SNHV) offers a potential platform for families experiencing adversity, who often have limited access to services. While SNHV programmes have been growing in popularity in Australia and internationally, it is not known whether they can improve children's learning and development when offered via the Australian service system. The right@home trial aims to investigate the effectiveness of an SNHV programme, offered to women from pregnancy to child age 2 years, in improving parent care of and responsivity to the child, and the home learning environment...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285586/serological-evidence-of-exposure-to-rickettsia-felis-and-rickettsia-typhi-in-australian-veterinarians
#3
Yen Thon Teoh, Sze Fui Hii, Mark A Stevenson, Stephen Graves, Robert Rees, John Stenos, Rebecca J Traub
BACKGROUND: Rickettsia felis and Rickettsia typhi are emerging arthropod-borne zoonoses causing fever and flu-like symptoms. Seroprevalence and risk factors associated with exposure to these organisms was explored in Australian veterinarians. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-one veterinarians from across Australia were recruited to participate in a cross-sectional survey. Veterinarians provided a single blood sample and answered a questionnaire on potential risk factors influencing their exposure to R...
March 13, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281667/differentiating-littering-urban-runoff-and-marine-transport-as-sources-of-marine-debris-in-coastal-and-estuarine-environments
#4
Kathryn Willis, Britta Denise Hardesty, Lorne Kriwoken, Chris Wilcox
Marine debris is a burgeoning global issue with economic, ecological and aesthetic impacts. While there are many studies now addressing this topic, the influence of urbanisation factors such as local population density, stormwater drains and roads on the distribution of coastal litter remains poorly understood. To address this knowledge gap, we carried out standardized surveys at 224 transect surveys at 67 sites in two estuaries and along the open coast in Tasmania, Australia. We explored the relative support for three hypotheses regarding the sources of the debris; direct deposition by beachgoers, transport from surrounding areas via storm water drains and coastal runoff, and onshore transport from the marine system...
March 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258469/compounding-effects-of-agricultural-land-use-and-water-use-in-free-flowing-rivers-confounding-issues-for-environmental-flows
#5
Scott A Hardie, Chris J Bobbi
Defining the ecological impacts of water extraction from free-flowing river systems in altered landscapes is challenging as multiple stressors (e.g., flow regime alteration, increased sedimentation) may have simultaneous effects and attributing causality is problematic. This multiple-stressor context has been acknowledged in environmental flows science, but is often neglected when it comes to examining flow-ecology relationships, and setting and implementing environmental flows. We examined the impacts of land and water use on rivers in the upper Ringarooma River catchment in Tasmania (south-east Australia), which contains intensively irrigated agriculture, to support implementation of a water management plan...
March 3, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243534/making-inference-from-wildlife-collision-data-inferring-predator-absence-from-prey-strikes
#6
Peter Caley, Geoffrey R Hosack, Simon C Barry
Wildlife collision data are ubiquitous, though challenging for making ecological inference due to typically irreducible uncertainty relating to the sampling process. We illustrate a new approach that is useful for generating inference from predator data arising from wildlife collisions. By simply conditioning on a second prey species sampled via the same collision process, and by using a biologically realistic numerical response functions, we can produce a coherent numerical response relationship between predator and prey...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208796/recent%C3%A2-trends%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-marine%C3%A2-phycotoxins%C3%A2-from%C3%A2-australian%C3%A2-coastal%C3%A2-waters
#7
Penelope Ajani, D Tim Harwood, Shauna A Murray
Phycotoxins, which are produced by harmful microalgae and bioaccumulate in the  marine food web, are of growing concern for Australia. These harmful algae pose a threat to  ecosystem and human health, as well as constraining the progress of aquaculture, one of the fastest  growing food sectors in the world. With better monitoring, advanced analytical skills and an  increase in microalgal expertise, many phycotoxins have been identified in Australian coastal  waters in recent years...
February 9, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177198/the-tasmanian-atrial-fibrillation-study-transition-to-direct-oral-anticoagulants-2011-2015
#8
Endalkachew Admassie Alamneh, Leanne Chalmers, Luke R Bereznicki
INTRODUCTION: Contemporary Australian data regarding antithrombotic prescribing patterns following approval of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are limited. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess antithrombotic prescribing patterns before, during and after the clinical introduction of DOACs. METHODS: Using digital medical records, this retrospective cohort study included all patients with AF as a primary or secondary diagnosis who were admitted to the Royal Hobart Hospital, Tasmania, Australia, between January 2011 and July 2015...
February 8, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139954/a-need-for-dynamic-hematology-and-serum-biochemistry-reference-tools-novel-use-of-sine-wave-functions-to-produce-seasonally-varying-reference-curves-in-platypuses-ornithorhynchus-anatinus
#9
James W Macgregor, Carly S Holyoake, Joanne H Connolly, Ian D Robertson, Patricia A Fleming, Kristin S Warren
Seasonal changes in hematology and serum biochemistry results, described by separate reference intervals for different seasons, have been reported in many animals. We developed a novel method to investigate seasonal variation in values and a reference tool (the reference curve) based on sine wave functions that, for suitable variables, represents data more appropriately than a fixed reference interval. We applied these techniques to values observed in blood samples from 126 adult wild platypuses ( Ornithorhynchus anatinus ) (58 females and 68 males)...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132666/chlamydia-retesting-and-retest-positivity-rates-results-from-a-state-wide-laboratory-data-linkage-study-in-tasmania-2012-13
#10
Nicola Stephens, David Coleman, Kelly Shaw, Maree O'Sullivan, Alistair McGregor, Louise Cooley, Alison Venn
Background: Chlamydia re-infection increases the likelihood of adverse long-term sequelae. Clinical guidelines recommend retesting at 3-12 months for individuals with positive results, to detect re-infections. Retesting and test positivity levels were measured in young people who previously tested positive for chlamydia infection. Methods: All chlamydia tests conducted during 2012-13 in Tasmanian residents aged 15-29 years were linked. Retesting and retest positivity rates were calculated by sex, age, socioeconomic indicators and test timeframe...
January 30, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118556/investigation-into-individual-health-and-exposure-to-infectious-agents-of-platypuses-ornithorhynchus-anatinus-in-two-river-catchments-in-northwest-tasmania
#11
James W Macgregor, Carly S Holyoake, Sarah A Munks, Joanne H Connolly, Ian D Robertson, Patricia A Fleming, Kristin S Warren
Changes in the health of individuals within wildlife populations can be a cause or effect of population declines in wildlife species. Aspects of individual platypus ( Ornithorhynchus anatinus ) health have been reported. However, holistic studies investigating potential synergistic effects of both pathogens and environmental factors are needed to expand understanding of platypus individual health. We collected baseline data on the health of platypuses in two Tasmanian river catchments (including evidence of the potentially fatal fungal disease mucormycosis) and on individual, demographic, geographic, and temporal patterns associated with health data results...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110642/barriers-and-facilitators-to-participation-in-workplace-health-promotion-whp-activities-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-public-sector-employees-in-tasmania-australia
#12
Michelle Kilpatrick, Leigh Blizzard, Kristy Sanderson, Brook Teale, Kim Jose, Alison Venn
Issue addressed: Workplaces are promising settings for health promotion, yet employee participation in workplace health promotion (WHP) activities is often low or variable. This study explored facilitating factors and barriers associated with participation in WHP activities that formed part of a comprehensive WHP initiative run within the Tasmanian State Service (TSS) between 2009 and 2013.Methods: TSS employee (n=3228) completed surveys in 2013. Data included sociodemographic characteristics, employee-perceived availability of WHP activities, employee-reported participation in WHP activities, and facilitators and barriers to participation...
January 19, 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088765/allo-allo-triploid-sphagnum-%C3%A3-falcatulum-single-individuals-contain-most-of-the-holantarctic-diversity-for-ancestrally-indicative-markers
#13
Eric F Karlin, Peter E Smouse
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Allopolyploids exhibit both different levels and different patterns of genetic variation than are typical of diploids. However, scant attention has been given to the partitioning of allelic information and diversity in allopolyploids, particularly that among homeologous monoploid components of the hologenome. Sphagnum × falcatulum is a double allopolyploid peat moss that spans a considerable portion of the Holantarctic. With monoploid genomes from three ancestral species, this organism exhibits a complex evolutionary history involving serial inter-subgeneric allopolyploidizations...
January 14, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086875/learning-global-health-a-pilot-study-of-an-online-collaborative-intercultural-peer-group-activity-involving-medical-students-in-australia-and-indonesia
#14
Mark Ambrose, Linda Murray, Nicholas E Handoyo, Deif Tunggal, Nick Cooling
BACKGROUND: There is limited research to inform effective pedagogies for teaching global health to undergraduate medical students. Theoretically, using a combination of teaching pedagogies typically used in 'international classrooms' may prove to be an effective way of learning global health. This pilot study aimed to explore the experiences of medical students in Australia and Indonesia who participated in a reciprocal intercultural participatory peer e-learning activity (RIPPLE) in global health...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063466/sexuality-related-attitudes-significantly-modulate-demographic-variation-in-sexual-health-literacy-in-tasmanian-university-students
#15
Steve Simpson, Christine Clifford, Michael G Quinn, Kaz Ross, Neil Sefton, Louise Owen, Leigh Blizzard, Richard Turner
Background: It has previously been shown that there is a significant demographic variation in sexual health literacy (SHL) in university-level students in Tasmania, Australia. Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of statistical adjustment for sexuality-related attitudes on this demographic variation in SHL. Methods: Iterated principal-factor analysis was used to evaluate latent variable grouping of responses to 21 attitudinal questions regarding sexuality and sexual behaviour. Linear regression was used to evaluate the distribution and determinants of attitudinal patterns and thence the relationship of these patterns to SHL...
January 9, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054474/recommendations-for-radiographers-and-radiation-therapists-drawn-from-an-analysis-of-errors-on-australian-radiation-incident-registers
#16
Gary Denham, Nicole Page
INTRODUCTION: The Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA) collect reported incidents for inclusion in the Australian Radiation Incident Register (ARIR), a database of radiation incident reports that occur within Australia. While the information on previous radiation incidents is available, there is little information on the lessons that can be learned from those past incidents to help prevent the same errors reoccurring. The aims of the study were to investigate what radiation incident registers are publicly available in Australia and to utilise the information contained within the ARIR and any other state or territory radiation protection authority registers to make recommendations for radiographers and radiation therapists to prevent future adverse events...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017856/a-morphological-and-phylogenetic-investigation-into-divergence-among-sympatric-australian-southern-bull-kelps-durvillaea-potatorum-and-d-amatheiae-sp-nov
#17
Xénia A Weber, Graham J Edgar, Sam C Banks, Jonathan M Waters, Ceridwen I Fraser
Genetic analyses can reveal a wealth of hitherto undiscovered cryptic biodiversity. For co-occurring and morphologically similar species, the combination of molecular, ecological and morphological analyses provides an excellent opportunity for understanding some of the processes that can lead to divergence and speciation. The Australian endemic brown macroalga Durvillaea potatorum (Phaeophyceae) was examined with a combination of genetic and morphological approaches to confirm the presence of two separate species and to infer the processes that led to their divergence...
December 23, 2016: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006912/ent-labdane-diterpenoids-from-dodonaea-viscosa
#18
Wesley J Olivier, Nathan L Kilah, James Horne, Alex C Bissember, Jason A Smith
Seven new and two known ent-labdane diterpenoids have been isolated from a single plant specimen of Dodonaea viscosa ssp. spatulata, found in Tasmania, Australia. Prior to this study, only seven different labdane diterpenoids had been isolated from D. viscosa. The structures of the natural products were assigned via 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy and other standard spectroscopic methods. The absolute configuration of three ent-labdane diterpenoids was determined by single-crystal X-ray crystallography of synthetic derivatives...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000601/isolation-of-tasmanian-rickettsia-like-organism-rlo-from-farmed-salmonids-identification-of-multiple-serotypes-and-confirmation-of-pathogenicity
#19
R N Morrison, N D Young, G Knowles, M C Cornish, J Carson
Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. farmed in south-east Tasmania, Australia, are susceptible to infection by the Tasmanian Rickettsia-like organism (TRLO), a Gram-negative bacterium. Here, we report the first isolation of TRLO from south-east Tasmania in pure culture and show that the bacterium is culturable on both specialised enriched agar and in cell culture using the CHSE-214 cell line. In vitro cultured TRLO was used to reproducibly elicit disease in Atlantic salmon parr held in fresh water. In inoculated fish, TRLO was observed intracytoplasmically in peripheral blood leucocytes, suggesting that these cells are responsible for haematogenous dispersal of the bacterium within the host...
December 21, 2016: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973212/the-longterm-cost-effectiveness-of-the-coaching-patients-on-achieving-cardiovascular-health-coach-program-in-type-2-diabetes-in-tasmania
#20
A J Palmer, M J Vale, C L Wells, C Ski, D R Thompson, L Si
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
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