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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633647/meeting-the-oral-health-needs-of-12-year-olds-in-china-human-resources-for-oral-health
#1
Xiangyu Sun, Eduardo Bernabé, Xuenan Liu, Shuguo Zheng, Jennifer E Gallagher
BACKGROUND: An appropriate level of human resources for oral health [HROH] is required to meet the oral health needs of population, and enable maximum improvement in health outcomes. The aim of this study was to estimate the required HROH to meet the oral health needs of the World Health Organization [WHO] reference group of 12-year-olds in China and consider the implications for education, practice, policy and HROH nationally. METHODS: We estimated the need of HROH to meet the needs of 12-year-olds based on secondary analysis of the epidemiological and questionnaire data from the 3rd Chinese National Oral Health Survey, including caries experience and periodontal factors (calculus), dentally-related behaviour (frequency of toothbrushing and sugar intake), and social factors (parental education)...
June 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618208/experiences-of-registered-nurses-transitioning-from-employment-in-acute-care-to-primary-health-care-quantitative-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Christine Ashley, Elizabeth Halcomb, Angela Brown, Kath Peters
AIM: To describe the experiences of registered nurses who transition from acute to primary health care (PHC) employment. BACKGROUND: Internationally the provision of health care in PHC settings is increasing. Nurses are moving from acute care employment to meet the growing demand for a PHC workforce. However, little is known about the transition experiences of these nurses. DESIGN: A sequential mixed methods study comprising a survey, and semi-structured interviews...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614465/implementation-strategy-for-advanced-practice-nursing-in-primary-health-care-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#3
David Oldenburger, Silvia Helena De Bortoli Cassiani, Denise Bryant-Lukosius, Ruta Kristina Valaitis, Andrea Baumann, Joyce Pulcini, Ruth Martin-Misener
SYNOPSIS Advanced practice nursing (APN) is a term used to describe a variety of possible nursing roles operating at an advanced level of practice. Historically, APN roles haves evolved informally, out of the need to improve access to health care services for at-risk and disadvantaged populations and for those living in underserved rural and remote communities. To address health needs, especially ones related to primary health care, nurses acquired additional skills through practice experience, and over time they developed an expanded scope of practice...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607241/composition-and-distribution-of-the-health-workforce-in-india-estimates-based-on-data-from-the-national-sample-survey
#4
Krishna D Rao, Renu Shahrawat, Aarushi Bhatnagar
BACKGROUND: The availability of reliable and comprehensive information on the health workforce is crucial for workforce planning. In India, routine information sources on the health workforce are incomplete and unreliable. This paper addresses this issue and provides a comprehensive picture of India's health workforce. METHODS: Data from the 68th round (July 2011 to June 2012) of the National Sample Survey on the Employment and unemployment situation in India were analysed to produce estimates of the health workforce in India...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597874/evaluation-of-an-extracurricular-program-for-students-interested-in-rural-and-public-health
#5
Do-Hwan Kim, Ah Reum An, Eun Jeong Kim, Jong-Koo Lee, Seung-Hee Lee
PURPOSE: The problem regarding the geographic imbalance of the physician workforce has been a long-standing problem in South Korea. Additionally, rural medicine and public health have been marginalized across whole undergraduate curriculums. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an extracurricular program targeting medical students interested in rural and public health. METHODS: A 2-day extracurricular program was held twice in 2015 and 2016...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589011/modelling-the-health-and-economic-impacts-of-the-elimination-of-river-blindness-onchocerciasis-in-africa
#6
Young Eun Kim, Wilma A Stolk, Marcel Tanner, Fabrizio Tediosi
BACKGROUND: Onchocerciasis (river blindness) is endemic mostly in remote and rural areas in sub-Saharan Africa. The treatment goal for onchocerciasis has shifted from control to elimination in Africa. For investment decisions, national and global policymakers need evidence on benefits, costs and risks of elimination initiatives. METHODS: We estimated the health benefits using a dynamical transmission model, and the needs for health workforce and outpatient services for elimination strategies in comparison to a control mode...
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588976/the-how-project-understanding-contextual-challenges-to-global-surgical-care-provision-in-low-resource-settings
#7
Nakul P Raykar, Rachel R Yorlets, Charles Liu, Roberta Goldman, Sarah L M Greenberg, Meera Kotagal, Paul E Farmer, John G Meara, Nobhojit Roy, Rowan D Gillies
INTRODUCTION: 5 billion people around the world do not have access to safe, affordable, timely surgical care. This series of qualitative interviews was launched by The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery (LCoGS) with the aim of understanding the contextual challenges-the specific circumstances-faced by surgical care providers in low-resource settings who care for impoverished patients, and how those providers overcome these challenges. METHODS: From January 2014 to February 2015, 20 LCoGS collaborators conducted semistructured interviews with 148 surgical providers in low-resource settings in 21 countries...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580824/addressing-health-workforce-inequities-in-the-mindanao-regions-of-the-philippines-tracer-study-of-graduates-from-a-socially-accountable-community-engaged-medical-school-and-graduates-from-a-conventional-medical-school
#8
Servando 'Ben' Halili, Fortunato Cristobal, Torres Woolley, Simone J Ross, Carole Reeve, A-J Neusy
Developing and retaining a high-quality medical workforce in low-resource countries is a worldwide challenge. The Filipino Ateneo de Zamboanga University-School of Medicine (ADZU-SOM) has adopted a strong focus on socially accountable health professional education (SAHPE) in order to address the shortage of physicians across rural and urban communities in the Western Mindanao region. A cross-sectional survey of graduates from two Philippines medical schools: ADZU-SOM in the Mindanao region and a medical school with a more conventional curriculum, found ADZU-SOM graduates were more likely to have joined the medical profession due to a desire to help others (p = 0...
June 5, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564547/challenges-to-the-provision-of-community-aged-care-services-across-rural-australia-perceptions-of-service-managers
#9
Pauline Savy, Jeni Warburton, Suzanne Hodgkin
INTRODUCTION: The Australian community aged care sector is facing a growing workforce crisis, particularly in rural and regional areas. Its predominantly female workforce is ageing, and recruiting younger, skilled workers is proving difficult. The service sector, too, is proving highly complex and diverse as a result of contemporary aged care service reforms as well as ongoing difficulties in providing services to the growing numbers of older people living in Australia's rural areas. Despite these multiple challenges, there is a gap in research that explores how rural aged care services manage their day-to-day requirements for skilled workers across the diverse service sector...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561864/longitudinal-tracking-of-workplace-outcomes-for-undergraduate-allied-health-students-undertaking-placements-in-rural-australia
#10
Leanne Brown, Tony Smith, Luke Wakely, Rebecca Wolfgang, Alexandra Little, Julie Burrows
Creating positive experiences in rural practice at the undergraduate level can influence allied health students' attitudes to working rurally. This study aimed to evaluate allied health students' experiences of their short-term, medium-term, or long-term rural placement and to follow their career outcomes. METHODS: The study used a mixed-methods design that utilised qualitative and quantitative data. Students from six allied health degree programs undertaking placements in Tamworth and Taree were invited to participate...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558753/medical-students-career-choices-preference-for-placement-and-attitudes-towards-the-role-of-medical-instruction-in-ethiopia
#11
Tsion Assefa, Damen Haile Mariam, Wubegzier Mekonnen, Miliard Derbew
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, the health care delivery and the system of medical education have been expanding rapidly. However, in spite of the expansion, no studies have been carried out among medical students to identify their career choices and attitudes towards the medical instruction. Therefore, this study aimed to fill the gap in evidence in these specific areas. METHODS: Pretested questionnaire was self-administered among fifth and sixth year medical students in six government owned medical schools in Ethiopia...
May 30, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549382/is-remote-health-different-to-rural-health
#12
John Wakerman, Lisa Bourke, John S Humphreys, Judy Taylor
INTRODUCTION: The study identifies the differences between rural health and remote health and describes key distinctive characteristics of remote health. METHODS: The study used a mixed method approach of interviews and questionnaires (utilising a Likert scale) with expert stakeholders in rural health and remote health. A total of 45 interviews were conducted with experts selected from every state and territory of Australia. Of these, 41 also completed a questionnaire, of which 21 respondents were female, 20 identified predominantly as academics while six, five and five indicated that they worked in policy, advocacy and as a practitioner, respectively...
April 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484696/collaborating-with-communities-and-higher-education-to-address-the-health-care-needs-of-individuals-with-disabilities-in-ecuador
#13
Donna J Cech, Zully J Alvarado
Individuals with disabilities experience inequities in access to health care, education, employment, and social inclusion. Causes for Change International (CCI), a non-governmental Organization (NGO), using a community-based rehabilitation approach has worked for 20 years to build self-sufficiency, improve health-care services, and education for women, children, and persons with disabilities in Ecuador. CCI initially addressed health; advocacy for individuals with disabilities; and promoted educational opportunities for children with disabilities, starting in one rural community...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479800/factors-determining-the-clinical-spectrum-course-and-response-to-treatment-and-complications-in-seronegative-patients-with-central-nervous-system-tuberculosis
#14
Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra, Sikandar Advani, Ravi Kumar, Chandrajith Prasad, Anupama R Pai
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculous meningitis remains a major health issue in the community affecting young adults of both genders predominantly from rural background. In India, the disease continues to kill 2 people every 3 min or nearly 1000 daily, according to the Tuberculosis Control Society India. Tuberculosis (TB) of central nervous system (CNS) is the most devastating form of TB. As this disease is associated with very high prevalence in young adults and will ultimately contribute to great workforce loss, we decided to assess the factors deciding the disease and its course in our patients...
April 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475644/measuring-three-aspects-of-motivation-among-health-workers-at-primary-level-health-facilities-in-rural-tanzania
#15
Miho Sato, Deogratias Maufi, Upendo John Mwingira, Melkidezek T Leshabari, Mayumi Ohnishi, Sumihisa Honda
BACKGROUND: The threshold of 2.3 skilled health workers per 1,000 population, published in the World Health Report in 2006, has galvanized resources and efforts to attain high coverage of skilled birth attendance. With the inception of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a new threshold of 4.45 doctors, nurses, and midwives per 1,000 population has been identified. This SDG index threshold indicates the minimum density to respond to the needs of health workers to deliver a much broader range of health services, such as management of non-communicable diseases to meet the targets under Goal 3: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all people of all ages...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474253/prevalence-and-burden-of-headache-disorders-in-lithuania-and-their-public-health-and-policy-implications-a-population-based-study-within-the-eurolight-project
#16
Daiva Rastenytė, Dalia Mickevičienė, Lars Jacob Stovner, Hallie Thomas, Colette Andrée, Timothy J Steiner
BACKGROUND: The Eurolight project assessed the impact of headache disorders in ten EU countries, using the same structured questionnaire but varying sampling methods. In Lithuania, sample selection employed methods in line with consensus recommendations for population-based burden-of-headache studies. METHODS: The survey was cross-sectional. We identified, from the Residents' Register Service, a sample of inhabitants of Kaunas city and surrounding Kaunas region reflecting age (in the range 18-65 years), gender and rural/urban distributions of Lithuania...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464267/rural-medicine-realities-the-impact-of-immersion-on-urban-based-medical-students
#17
Allison M Crump, Karie Jeter, Samantha Mullins, Amber Shadoan, Craig Ziegler, William J Crump
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to determine what effect a rural-based 8-week surgical clerkship during the third year of medical school in a rural setting has on students' opinions about rural living and practice. METHODS: Thirty-three third-year medical students completed a rural health opinion survey at the beginning and end of their 8-week rural rotation and a survey measuring their interest in rural practice after the rotation. The setting was a rural hospital with an average acute care census of 100 that is a regional referral center for 5 rural counties...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441127/physician-recruitment-and-retention-in-manitoba-results-from-a-survey-of-physicians-preferences-for-rural-jobs
#18
Julia Witt
INTRODUCTION: Rural recruitment and retention continues to present challenges to health workforce planners. This paper reports and analyzes the results of a survey sent to physicians in Manitoba, eliciting their opinions regarding rural jobs. METHODS: A survey was sent to all physicians in Manitoba. Part 1 of the survey included questions about background and demographic information; part 2 was a set of job satisfaction questions regarding respondents' current job; and part 3 included 2 sets of stated-choice questions eliciting preferences for a set of attributes relevant to rural recruitment and retention...
2017: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434469/the-north-american-yoga-therapy-workforce-survey
#19
Marlysa Sullivan, Matthew Leach, James Snow, Steffany Moonaz
OBJECTIVE: To describe the personal, professional, practice, service and consumer characteristics of the North American yoga therapy workforce. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive survey developed and informed by the contemporary workforce literature. A link to the e-survey was distributed to members of the International Association of Yoga Therapists. RESULTS: 367 members responded (∼20% of eligible participants). Most were aged 40-69 years (88%) and female (91%)...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420396/determinants-of-village-doctors-job-satisfaction-under-china-s-health-sector-reform-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-study
#20
Tongtong Li, Trudy Lei, Fiona Sun, Zheng Xie
BACKGROUND: To strengthen rural health workforce, the Chinese government has launched a series of policies to promote the job satisfaction of village doctors since the health sector reform. The purpose of this mixed-method study is to describe village doctors' job satisfaction under the context of health sector reform and investigate the associated factors. METHODS: Data was obtained from a survey of village doctors across three Chinese provinces in 2014. Using a multistage sampling process, quantitative data was collected from village doctors through the self-administered questionnaire and analyzed by multilevel logistic regression models...
April 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
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