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Rural Health Workforce

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771570/how-primary-health-care-staff-working-in-rural-and-remote-areas-access-skill-development-and-expertise-to-support-health-promotion-practice
#1
Kathryn A McFarlane, Jenni Judd, Hylda Wapau, Nina Nichols, Kerrianne Watt, Sue Devine
INTRODUCTION: Health promotion is a key component of comprehensive primary health care. Health promotion approaches complement healthcare management by enabling individuals to increase control over their health. Many primary healthcare staff have a role to play in health promotion practice, but their ability to integrate health promotion into practice is influenced by their previous training and experience. For primary healthcare staff working in rural and remote locations, access to professional development can be limited by what is locally available and prohibitive in terms of cost for travel and accommodation...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747669/role-of-the-general-practitioner-in-improving-rural-healthcare-access-a-case-from-nepal
#2
Bikash Gauchan, Stephen Mehanni, Pawan Agrawal, Mandeep Pathak, Santosh Dhungana
BACKGROUND: There is a global health workforce shortage, which is considered critical in Nepal, a low-income country with a predominantly rural population. General practitioners (GPs) may play a key role improving access to essential health services in rural Nepal, though they are currently underrepresented at the district hospital level. The objective of this paper is to describe how GPs are adding value in rural Nepal by exploring clinical, leadership, and educational roles currently performed in a rural district-level hospital...
May 10, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735002/an-overview-of-the-general-practice-nurse-workforce-in-australia-2012-15
#3
Troy Heywood, Caroline Laurence
Several surveys of the general practice nurse (GPN) workforce have been undertaken in Australia over the last decade, but they have limitations, which mean that the workforce is not well-understood. The aim of this study is to describe the profile of the GPN workforce using the dataset available through the Australia Health Practitioner Registration Agency and to explore how it differs from the non-GPN nursing workforce, and if this workforce is changing over time. Data from labour force surveys conducted from 2012 to 2015 were used...
May 8, 2018: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720164/attitude-towards-working-in-rural-areas-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-rural-oriented-tuition-waived-medical-students-in-shaanxi-china
#4
Jinlin Liu, Kun Zhang, Ying Mao
BACKGROUND: Attracting and recruiting health workers to work in rural areas is still a great challenge in China. The rural-oriented tuition-waived medical education (RTME) programme has been initiated and implemented in China since 2010. This study aimed to examine the attitudes of rural-oriented tuition-waived medical students (RTMSs) in Shaanxi towards working in rural areas and the related influencing factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2015 among 232 RTMSs in two medical universities from the first group of students enrolled in the RTME programme in Shaanxi...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720161/evaluation-of-a-training-program-of-hypertension-for-accredited-social-health-activists-asha-in-rural-india
#5
Marwa Abdel-All, Amanda Gay Thrift, Michaela Riddell, Kavumpurathu Raman Thankappan Thankappan, Gomathyamma Krishnakurup Mini, Clara K Chow, Pallab Kumar Maulik, Ajay Mahal, Rama Guggilla, Kartik Kalyanram, Kamakshi Kartik, Oduru Suresh, Roger George Evans, Brian Oldenburg, Nihal Thomas, Rohina Joshi
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, a leading cause of premature death and disability in India. Since access to health services is poor in rural India and Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) are available throughout India for maternal and child health, a potential solution for improving hypertension control is by utilising this available workforce. We aimed to develop and implement a training package for ASHAs to identify and control hypertension in the community, and evaluate the effectiveness of the training program using the Kirkpatrick Evaluation Model...
May 2, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706155/the-workforce-shortage-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatrists-is-it-time-for-a-different-approach
#6
EDITORIAL
Robert L Findling, Ekaterina Stepanova
Psychiatric disorders affect a large number of children around the world. Recent data have reported that approximately 10% to 13% of children have a serious emotional disturbance with significant functional impairment, suggesting that at least 1 in 10 children require mental health services.1,2 Approximately half the adults with mental illness received their diagnosis before 15 years of age3 and close to three fourths of mental health disorders start by the mid-20s.4 Mental illnesses are associated with a large disease burden because these conditions lead to increases in morbidity, mortality, and financial costs...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703315/academic-nursing-leadership-in-a-rural-setting-different-game-same-standards
#7
Mary E Burman, Nancy L Fahrenwald
The call for transformation of nursing education and practice continues to be a national priority. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing recommends enhanced partnerships between academic nursing and academic health centers to advance nursing and healthcare. For academic leaders in rural settings, the context of health and healthcare means that these partnerships are vastly different from academic health centers. The purpose of this article is to describe the context of nursing education and practice in regions that are predominantly rural...
March 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696425/cancer-care-in-regional-australia-from-the-health-professional-s-perspective
#8
Fiona Crawford-Williams, Belinda Goodwin, Sonja March, Michael J Ireland, Melissa K Hyde, Suzanne K Chambers, Joanne F Aitken, Jeff Dunn
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the factors which health professionals believe influence clinical care and outcomes for people with cancer in regional areas of Australia. METHODS: Twelve semi-structured interviews were conducted with a variety of health professionals. Interview questions explored health professional's perspectives on barriers to cancer care for patients, factors which influence clinical care, and access to support in regional areas. Data were interpreted using an inductive thematic analysis approach...
April 25, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693545/joys-and-challenges-of-relationships-in-scotland-and-new-zealand-rural-midwifery-a-multicentre-study
#9
Susan Crowther, Ruth Deery, Rea Daellenbach, Lorna Davies, Andrea Gilkison, Mary Kensington, Jean Rankin
BACKGROUND: Globally there are challenges meeting the recruitment and retention needs for rural midwifery. Rural practice is not usually recognised as important and feelings of marginalisation amongst this workforce are apparent. Relationships are interwoven throughout midwifery and are particularly evident in rural settings. However, how these relationships are developed and sustained in rural areas is unclear. AIM: To study the significance of relationships in rural midwifery and provide insights to inform midwifery education...
April 21, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682791/prevalence-of-refractive-errors-in-children-in-india-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Sethu Sheeladevi, Bharani Seelam, Phanindra B Nukella, Aditi Modi, Rahul Ali, Lisa Keay
Uncorrected refractive error is an avoidable cause of visual impairment which affects children in India. The objective of this review is to estimate the prevalence of refractive errors in children ≤ 15 years of age. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed in this review. A detailed literature search was performed to include all population and school-based studies published from India between January 1990 and January 2017, using the Cochrane Library, Medline and Embase...
April 22, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672843/challenges-faced-in-rural-hospitals-the-experiences-of-nurse-managers-in-uganda
#11
T A Kakyo, L D Xiao
AIM: The aim of this study was to understand nurse ward managers perceived challenges in the rural healthcare setting in Uganda. BACKGROUND: The health workforce, essential medicines and equipment and political unrest are the main factors affecting the international community in addressing the hefty disease burden in World Health Organization African regions. Nurse ward managers have an important role to play to mitigate these factors in health facilities in these regions through leadership, supervision and support for staff...
April 19, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665695/women-in-rural-family-medicine-a-qualitative-exploration-of-practice-attributes-that-promote-physician-satisfaction
#12
Carol Hustedde, Heather Paladine, Andrea Wendling, Rupa Prasad, Orlando Sola, Sarah Bjorkman, Julie Phillips
INTRODUCTION: The USA needs more rural physicians. Although women represent half of all US trained medical students, the rural physician workforce has remained predominantly male. Insight is needed into what makes rural practice attractive for women and which practice characteristics allow women physicians to practice successfully in rural areas. This study's purpose was to examine aspects of the practice environment that impact women physicians' professional satisfaction and commitment to rural medicine...
April 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664202/training-psychologists-for-rural-practice-exploring-opportunities-and-constraints
#13
Marisa Elena Domino, Ching-Ching Claire Lin, Joseph P Morrissey, Alan R Ellis, Erin Fraher, Erica L Richman, Kathleen C Thomas, Mitchell J Prinstein
PURPOSE: To examine trends in the psychologist workforce and training opportunities, including factors that may influence the decision of clinical psychologists to practice in rural settings. METHODS: We use a mixed-methods approach to examine the psychologist workforce nationally and in North Carolina (NC), including (1) an analysis of the location of programs awarding doctoral degrees; (2) an analysis of the practice, demographic, and educational characteristics of the psychologist workforce; and (3) interviews with directors of doctoral programs in clinical psychology to understand where current graduates are getting jobs and why they may or may not be choosing to practice in rural communities...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603320/stakeholder-views-of-rural-community-based-medical-education-a-narrative-review-of-the-international-literature
#14
Praphun Somporn, Julie Ash, Lucie Walters
CONTEXT: Rural community-based medical education (RCBME), in which medical student learning activities take place within a rural community, requires students, clinical teachers, patients, community members and representatives of health and government sectors to actively contribute to the educational process. Therefore, academics seeking to develop RCBME need to understand the rural context, and the views and needs of local stakeholders. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to examine stakeholder experiences of RCBME programmes internationally...
March 30, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583103/the-rural-interdisciplinary-team-training-program-a-workforce-development-workshop-to-increase-geriatrics-knowledge-and-skills-for-rural-providers
#15
Judith L Howe, Joan D Penrod, Eve Gottesman, Andrew Bean, B Josea Kramer
The Rural Interdisciplinary Team Training Program (RITT) is a team-based educational component of the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Office of Rural Health Geriatric Scholars Program. It is a workforce development program to enhance the geriatrics knowledge and skills of VA primary care clinicians and staff caring for older veterans in rural communities. The RITT workshop, accredited for 6.5 hours, is interactive and multi-modal with didactic mini-lectures, interactive case discussions and role play demonstrations of assessments...
March 27, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574755/community-health-needs-assessment-a-nurses-global-health-project-in-vietnam
#16
S Cho, H Lee, S Yoon, Y Kim, P F Levin, E Kim
BACKGROUND: Global health has been directed to providing solutions to various health issues cross-nations, and nurses have received wide recognition as a key health workforce to reduce health disparities globally. Nurses involved in global health research are required to implement evidence-based global nursing practices based on the assessments of local health needs. AIM: To assess health needs and to suggest future interventions in rural communities of Vietnam...
March 24, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547423/strengthening-the-anesthesia-workforce-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#17
Søren Kudsk-Iversen, Naomi Shamambo, M Dylan Bould
The majority of the world's population lacks access to safe, timely, and affordable surgical care. Although there is a health workforce crisis across the board in the poorest countries in the world, anesthesia is disproportionally affected. This article explores some of the key issues that must be tackled to strengthen the anesthesia workforce in low- and lower-middle-income countries. First, we need to increase the overall number of safe anesthesia providers to match a huge burden of disease, particularly in the poorest countries in the world and in remote and rural areas...
April 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522688/transformation-of-medical-education-through-decentralised-training-platforms-a-scoping-review
#18
Motlatso Mlambo, Abigail Dreyer, Rainy Dube, Nontsikelelo Mapukata, Ian Couper, Richard Cooke
INTRODUCTION: Medical education in South Africa is facing a major paradigm shift. The urgency to increase the number of suitable, qualified and socially accountable health sciences graduates has brought to the fore the need to identify alternative training platforms and learning environments, often in rural areas. Subsequently, the focus has now shifted towards strengthening primary health care and community based health services. This scoping review presents a synopsis of the existing literature on decentralized training platform (DTP) strategies for medical education internationally, outlining existing models within it and its impact...
March 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505080/escape-room-recruitment-event-description-and-lessons-learned
#19
Liane Connelly, Beth E Burbach, Colleen Kennedy, Lisa Walters
BACKGROUND: The U.S. nursing workforce is facing a severe shortage of professionals due to an anticipated retirement of more than 500,000 RNs in the next 5 years. METHOD: An Escape to Nursing event was created and delivered in a rural medical center college of nursing in the spring of 2017. This faculty team developed four distinct rooms that were designed with key nursing concepts and patient health conditions. Recruits worked in teams to solve the patient health care puzzle, which then enabled them to proceed to the next room...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499395/influence-of-the-workplace-on-physical-activity-and-cardiometabolic-health-results-of-the-multi-centre-cross-sectional-champlain-nurses-study
#20
Jennifer L Reed, Stephanie A Prince, Andrew L Pipe, Suzanne Attallah, Kristi B Adamo, Heather E Tulloch, Douglas Manuel, Kerri-Anne Mullen, George Fodor, Robert D Reid
BACKGROUND: Nurses are the largest professional group within the health care workforce, and their work is perceived as being physically demanding. Regular physical activity helps to prevent or ameliorate cardiometabolic conditions (e.g. cardiovascular disease, diabetes). It is not known whether Canadian nurses are meeting current physical activity guidelines. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of the workplace on the physical activity and cardiometabolic health of nurses from hospitals in the Champlain region of Ontario, Canada...
May 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
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