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Rural Health Club

Celeste Marsh, Paul A Agius, Gamini Jayakody, Roshan Shajehan, Chandima Abeywickrema, Kelly Durrant, Stanley Luchters, Wendy Holmes
BACKGROUND: Populations of low and middle-income countries are ageing rapidly; there is a need for policies that support an increase in the duration of old age lived in good health. There is growing evidence that social participation protects against morbidity and mortality, but few studies explore patterns of social participation. Analysis of baseline quantitative and qualitative data from a trial of the impact of Elders' Clubs on health and well-being in the hill country of Sri Lanka provided an opportunity to better understand the extent of, and influences on, social participation among elders...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
Jacinter A Amadi, Daniel O Olago, George O Ong'amo, Silas O Oriaso, Isaac K Nyamongo, Benson B A Estambale
BACKGROUND: The decline in global malaria cases is attributed to intensified utilization of primary vector control interventions and artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). These strategies are inadequate in many rural areas, thus adopting locally appropriate integrated malaria control strategies is imperative in these heterogeneous settings. This study aimed at investigating trends and local knowledge on malaria and to develop a framework for malaria control for communities in Baringo, Kenya...
May 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
S P Rovio, X Yang, A Kankaanpää, V Aalto, M Hirvensalo, R Telama, K Pahkala, N Hutri-Kähönen, J S A Viikari, O T Raitakari, T H Tammelin
Determining lifelong physical activity (PA) trajectories and their determinants is essential to promote a physically active lifestyle throughout the life-course. We aimed to identify PA trajectories from childhood to midlife and their determinants in a longitudinal population-based cohort. This study is a part of the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study. From 1980, a population-based cohort (N = 3596; 1764 boys/1832 girls, age 3-18 years) has been followed up for 31 years. PA indices were formed based on self-reported data (between age 9-49 years) on frequency, duration, and intensity of leisure (during childhood) or high-intensity (at later age) PA and on sports club participation/competitions...
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Vijaya K Gothwal, Rebecca Sumalini, Asa Narasaiah, Soumya Panda
PURPOSE: Previous reports, albeit isolated, of vision and ocular screening of athletes with intellectual disability participating in the Special Olympics, UK, indicated high rates of refractive error and ocular morbidity; however, there have been no reports of similar sports events for this population from India. This study set out to evaluate the vision profile and ocular characteristics of athletes with intellectual disability attending the Special Olympics Lions Club International Opening Eyes (SOLCIOE) event in 2012 in India...
August 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
Sin Yee Tan, Ernieda Hatah
Background Research utilization is part of evidence-based practice referring to the process of reviewing and critiquing scientific research and applying the findings to one's own clinical practice. Many studies on research utilization have been conducted with doctors and nurses, but to our knowledge, none have been investigated amongst pharmacists. Objective To assess research utilization and its barriers among pharmacists and identify potential influencing factors. Setting Malaysia. Methods This cross-sectional survey was administered online and by mail to a convenient sample of pharmacists working in hospitals, health clinics, and retail pharmacies in rural and urban areas...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
P Buckley, D Buckley, G T Coleman, J M Morton
OBJECTIVE: To describe preventive health care provided to a cohort of Pony Club horses in rural New South Wales, Australia, and the associated veterinary involvement. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study METHODS: Observational data collected for 48 Pony Club horses using daily owner-kept diaries and monthly veterinary visits for 9-12 months. RESULTS: Frequency of healthcare events varied markedly between the horses; 54% of horses received 5 or more foot-care treatments, 69% received 1-3 anthelmintic treatments, 40% received dental care, 21% received chiropractic care; only 8% were vaccinated...
August 2016: Australian Veterinary Journal
Deborah Nyirenda, Tamara Chipasula Makawa, Greyson Chapita, Chisomo Mdalla, Mzati Nkolokosa, Thomasena O'byrne, Robert Heyderman, Nicola Desmond
Radio is an effective source of health information in many resource poor countries. In Malawi, 53% of households own radios however few radio programmes in Malawi focus on health issues in the context of medical research. An interactive health-talk radio programme ' Umoyo nkukambirana' was introduced by Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme on a national radio station. The aim was to increase awareness of health and medical research, and improve engagement between researchers, healthcare workers and the public...
February 2018: Public Understanding of Science
Peter Boone, Diana Elbourne, Ila Fazzio, Samory Fernandes, Chris Frost, Chitra Jayanty, Rebecca King, Vera Mann, Gilda Piaggio, Albino dos Santos, Polly R Walker
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that community-based interventions that promote improved home-based practices and care-seeking behaviour can have a large impact on maternal and child mortality in regions where rates are high. We aimed to assess whether an intervention package based on the WHO Integrated Management of Childhood Illness handbook and community mobilisation could reduce under-5 mortality in rural Guinea-Bissau, where the health service infrastructure is weak. METHODS: We did a non-masked cluster-randomised controlled trial (EPICS) in the districts of Tombali and Quinara in Guinea-Bissau...
May 2016: Lancet Global Health
Oliver K Burmeister, Maree Bernoth, Elaine Dietsch, Michelle Cleary
Social interaction and connectedness is important to the mental health and wellbeing of older people. The aim of this research study was to facilitate and increase opportunities for social connectedness for older people living in regional areas through the use of technology training. Weekly technology training sessions were conducted at a Seniors Citizen's Club with a peer trainer (an experienced, retired computer teacher) and sessions were attended not only by the six study participants, but also by other club members, with up to 15 club members participating in sessions...
June 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Astrid Treffry-Goatley, Richard Lessells, Pam Sykes, Till Bärnighausen, Tulio de Oliveira, Relebohile Moletsane, Janet Seeley
Near-perfect adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is required to achieve the best possible prevention and treatment outcomes. Yet, there have been particular concerns about the challenges of adherence among patients living in resource-limited settings in sub-Saharan Africa. The primary objective of this study was to explore adherence in a low-resourced, rural community of high HIV prevalence in South Africa and to identify specific individual and structural factors that can either challenge or support adherence in this context...
2016: PloS One
Pontip Kompor, Rattikarn Muang Karn, Jun Norkaew, Jirawoot Kujapun, Mali Photipim, Sukanya Ponphimai, Wasugree Chavengkun, Somkiat Phong Paew, Soraya Kaewpitoon, Ratana Rujirakul, Parichart Wakhuwathapong, Tanida Phatisena, Thawatchai Eaksanti, Apinya Joosiri, Poowadol Polsripradistdist, Natnapa Padchasuwan, Natthawut Kaewpitoon
Opisthorchiasis is still a major health problem in rural communities of Thailand. Infection is associated with cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), which is found frequently in Thailand, particularly in the northeastern. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of health intervention in the population at risk for opisthorchiasis and CCA. A quasi-experimental study was conducted in Meuang Yang district, Nakhon Ratchasima province, northeastern Thailand, between June and October 2015. Participants were completed health intervention comprising 4 stations; 1, VDO clip of moving adult worm of liver fluke; 2, poster of life cycle of liver fluke; 3, microscopy with adult and egg liver fluke; and 4, brochure with the knowledge of liver fluke containing infection, signs, symptoms, related disease, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and control...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Tami Saito, Katsunori Kondo, Chiyoe Murata, Seungwon Jeong, Kayo Suzuki, Naoki Kondo
OBJECTIVES:  Promoting social and leisure activity participation in older adults could be effective in preventing their health decline. However, gender or regional differences in those activities remain unclear despite the necessity of gender- or region-specific approaches to their promotion. This study examined gender and urban-rural differences in going-out, social, and leisure activities among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS:  Data were obtained from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES)...
2015: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
Allison F Linden, Rebecca Maine, Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Emmanual Kamanzi, Gita Mody, Georges Ntakiyiruta, Grace Kansayisa, Edmond Ntaganda, Francine Niyonkuru, Joel Mubiligi, Tharcisse Mpunga, John G Meara, Robert Riviello
BACKGROUND: In low-income and middle-income countries, surgical epidemiology is largely undefined at the population level, with operative logs and hospital records serving as a proxy. This study assesses the distribution of surgical conditions that contribute the largest burden of surgical disease in Burera District, in northern Rwanda. We hypothesise that our results would yield higher rates of surgical disease than current estimates (from 2006) for similar low-income countries, which are 295 per 100 000 people...
April 27, 2015: Lancet
Rodrigo Mariño, Matthew Hopcraft, Aghareed Ghanim, Rachel Tham, Chee-Wah Khew, Christine Stevenson
OBJECTIVE: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving older adults from social clubs within a regional local government area in the state of Victoria, Australia, to identify factors associated with knowledge, and attitudes about oral health, as well as perceived self-efficacy. METHODS: Participants underwent an oral health interview, followed by a comprehensive oral clinical examination. RESULTS: A total of 225 older adults participated in this study...
December 2016: Gerodontology
Donnapa Hongthong, Ratana Somrongthong, Paul Ward
BACKGROUND: The population prevalence of older people has been growing worldwide. Quality of Life (QoL) among older people is a significant public health concern. Hence, this study aimed to assess level of QoL and factors influencing QoL among rural Thai older people. METHODS: The study was undertaken in Phayao Province where is one of the top ten provinces with the highest index of Thai aging. A district in this province was purposively selected to be the study area and the quota-sampling technique was used for sample collection, totally 400 older people participated according to Taro Yamane...
April 2015: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Peter R Berti, Salim Sohani, Edith da Costa, Naomi Klaas, Luis Amendola, Joel Duron
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact that a 6-year maternal and child health project in rural Honduras had on maternal health services and outcomes, and to test the effect of level of father involvement on maternal health. METHODS: This was a program evaluation conducted through representative household surveys administered at baseline in 2007 and endline in 2011 using 30 cluster samples randomly-selected from the 229 participating communities. Within each cluster, 10 households having at least one mother-child pair were randomly selected to complete a questionnaire, for a total of about 300 respondents answering close to 100 questions each...
February 2015: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Rebecca A Seguin, Sara C Folta, Mackenzie Sehlke, Miriam E Nelson, Eleanor Heidkamp-Young, Mark Fenton, Bridgid Junot
INTRODUCTION: The epidemic of obesity is a multifaceted public health issue. Positive policy and environmental changes are needed to support healthier eating and increased physical activity. METHODS: StrongWomen Change Clubs (SWCCs) were developed through an academic-community research partnership between researchers at Cornell University and Tufts University and community partners (cooperative extension educators) in rural towns in seven U.S. states. Extension educators served as the local leader and each recruited 10-15 residents to undertake a project to improve some aspect of the nutrition or physical activity environment...
2014: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
Meghan M Casey, Jack T Harvey, Amanda Telford, Rochelle M Eime, Amanda Mooney, Warren R Payne
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a school-community program on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL; the primary outcome), physical activity (PA), and potential mediators of PA among adolescent girls living in low-socioeconomic rural/regional settings. METHOD: The study was a cluster-randomized controlled trial. Twelve communities with the requisite sports clubs and facilities were paired according to relevant criteria; one of each pair was randomly assigned to the intervention or control condition...
2014: BMC Public Health
Rochelle Eime, Jack Harvey, Warren Payne
Background: To examine the dose-response relationship between health related quality of life (HRQoL) and life satisfaction (outcomes) and duration of recreational physical activity (exposure). Further, to explore whether these relationships depend on type of physical activity (PA). Methods: 793 Australian rural-living women self-reported on duration of recreational PA; HRQoL via SF-36 Mental Component Summary (MCS) and Physical Component Summary (PCS); and a life satisfaction scale. ANOVAs and ANCOVAs investigated differences in outcomes (MCS, PCS, and life satisfaction) between tertiles of exposure to recreational PA, and types of PA (club sport, gymnasium, walking), with adjustment for potential confounders...
February 2014: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Jane E Tomnay, Lisa Bourke, Christopher K Fairley
OBJECTIVE: To examine the availability of and previous engagement with health services among rural young people and compare barriers and facilitators to using face-to-face and online sexual health testing and treatment. DESIGN: Participants were recruited for focus groups and were asked to discuss their access to local sexual health services (what services they used, when, why and how) and then shown a website and asked to provide feedback about online STI testing...
February 2014: Australian Journal of Rural Health
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