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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239849/correlates-of-treatment-satisfaction-and-well-being-among-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes
#1
B Abu Sheikh, D H Arabiat, S L Holmes, Y Khader, D Hiyasat, D Collyer, S Abu-Shiekh
AIM: To examine the impact of patient characteristics, anthropometric measurement and patient clinical variables on their appraisal of treatment satisfaction and well-being. BACKGROUND: Treatment satisfaction and well-being are instrumental in achieving diabetes care goals. Nursing practices and healthcare policies may inform interventions in these areas. INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of diabetes is high in the Middle East. An understanding of relationships between clinical and socio-demographic variables and well-being and treatment satisfaction is needed to improve care and patient outcomes...
February 26, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239841/the-structure-of-nursing-a-national-examination-of-titles-and-practice-profiles
#2
G Gardner, C Duffield, A Doubrovsky, U T Bui, M Adams
AIM: To identify the practice patterns of the Australian registered nurse workforce according to position title and to map these disparate titles across all jurisdictions of the country. INTRODUCTION: Effective nursing workforce planning can contribute to improved patient care and increased effectiveness and efficiency of healthcare systems. BACKGROUND: The prevailing approach to nursing workforce planning focuses on number of nursing staff needed in relation to the number of patients...
February 26, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238603/training-radiology-residents-to-be-stewards-in-healthcare-value
#3
REVIEW
Matthew D Alvin, Karen M Horton, Pamela T Johnson
Medical imaging procedures have become a national target in the campaign to reduce wasteful practices. At a minimum, radiology residency programs must integrate high-value curricula and train residents to practice in accordance with value-based principles and new healthcare policy. A greater portion of radiology resident education needs to be devoted to appropriateness education and consultancy training. Ideally, radiology training programs will instill in residents the importance of embracing the movement and leading the change...
February 23, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238031/disclosure-of-cancer-diagnosis-an-individualized-and-non-paternalistic-approach-is-preferred
#4
Mohammad Al Qadire
There is no consensus among healthcare providers on a unified disclosure practice with regard to cancer diagnosis, whether to tell or not. This issue is complicated by the absence of a clear policy for healthcare practitioners, who face this dilemma every day in their clinical practice. This study uniquely aims to explore Jordanian public preference on cancer diagnosis disclosure and the type of information they need. A descriptive cross-sectional survey design was used in this study. The sample consisted of 485 participants who were conveniently selected from the Jordanian public, and data was collected using the Arabic-Cancer Patients Information Needs Questionnaire...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237862/disability-poverty-and-role-of-the-basic-livelihood-security-system-on-health-services-utilization-among-the-elderly-in-south-korea
#5
Boyoung Jeon, Haruko Noguchi, Soonman Kwon, Tomoko Ito, Nanako Tamiya
With rapid aging, many of the elderly suffer from poverty and high healthcare needs. In Korea, there is a means-tested and non-contributory public assistance, the National Basic Livelihood Security System (NBLSS). The purpose of this study is to show older population's condition of disability and poverty, to evaluate the impact of NBLSS on health services utilization, and to examine the differential effect of the NBLSS by disability status among the elderly. This study used the Korea Welfare Panel Study data 2005-2014 with the final sample of 40,365, who were 65 years and older...
February 14, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236178/does-participation-in-health-information-exchange-improve-hospital-efficiency
#6
Daniel M Walker
The federal government allocated nearly $30 billion to spur the development of information technology infrastructure capable of supporting the exchange of interoperable clinical data, leading to growth in hospital participation in health information exchange (HIE) networks. HIEs have the potential to improve care coordination across healthcare providers, leading ultimately to increased productivity of health services for hospitals. However, the impact of HIE participation on hospital efficiency remains unclear...
February 24, 2017: Health Care Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235968/advanced-practice-nursing-competency-assessment-instrument-apncai-clinimetric-validation
#7
Pedro Sastre-Fullana, Jose Miguel Morales-Asencio, Albert Sesé-Abad, Miquel Bennasar-Veny, Juan Carlos Fernández-Domínguez, Joan De Pedro-Gómez
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development and clinimetric validation of the Advanced Practice Nursing Competency Assessment Instrument (APNCAI) through several evidence sources about reliability and validity in the Spanish context. DESIGN AND SETTING: APNCAI development was based on a multisequential and systematic process: literature review, instrument content consensus through qualitative Delphi method approach (a panel of 51 Advanced Practice in Nursing -APN- experts was selected) and the clinimetric validation process based on a sample of 600 nurses from the Balearic Islands public healthcare setting...
February 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235415/a-systematic-review-of-health-economic-models-of-opioid-agonist-therapies-in-maintenance-treatment-of-non-prescription-opioid-dependence
#8
Mersha Chetty, James J Kenworthy, Sue Langham, Andrew Walker, William C N Dunlop
BACKGROUND: Opioid dependence is a chronic condition with substantial health, economic and social costs. The study objective was to conduct a systematic review of published health-economic models of opioid agonist therapy for non-prescription opioid dependence, to review the different modelling approaches identified, and to inform future modelling studies. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted in March 2015 in eight electronic databases, supplemented by hand-searching reference lists and searches on six National Health Technology Assessment Agency websites...
February 24, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228231/evaluating-community-pharmacists-perspectives-and-practices-concerning-generic-medicines-substitution-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Fahad S Alkhuzaee, Hamdan M Almalki, Ammar Y Attar, Shoeab I Althubiani, Wassam Ali Almuallim, Ejaz Cheema, Muhammad Abdul Hadi
OBJECTIVES: To assess the community pharmacists' knowledge, attitude, perception and current practices towards generic medicines substitution in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between February and March 2016 in the Makkah region, Saudi Arabia. A 25-item, structured, validated, pilot-tested and self-completed questionnaire was used to achieve study objectives. A 4-step systematic sampling technique was used to recruit community pharmacists...
December 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228134/the-impact-of-community-health-worker-led-home-delivery-of-antiretroviral-therapy-on-virological-suppression-a-non-inferiority-cluster-randomized-health-systems-trial-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#10
Pascal Geldsetzer, Joel M Francis, Nzovu Ulenga, David Sando, Irene A Lema, Eric Mboggo, Maria Vaikath, Happiness Koda, Sharon Lwezaula, Janice Hu, Ramadhani A Noor, Ibironke Olofin, Elysia Larson, Wafaie Fawzi, Till Bärnighausen
BACKGROUND: Home delivery of antiretroviral therapy (ART) by community health workers (CHWs) may improve ART retention by reducing the time burden and out-of-pocket expenditures to regularly attend an ART clinic. In addition, ART home delivery may shorten waiting times and improve quality of care for those in facility-based care by decongesting ART clinics. This trial aims to determine whether ART home delivery for patients who are clinically stable on ART combined with facility-based care for those who are not stable on ART is non-inferior to the standard of care (facility-based care for all ART patients) in achieving and maintaining virological suppression...
February 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226302/towards-a-theoretical-model-on-medicines-as-a-health-need
#11
Claudia Marcela Vargas-Peláez, Luciano Soares, Marina Raijche Mattozo Rover, Carine Raquel Blatt, Aukje Mantel-Teeuwisse, Francisco Augusto Rossi Buenaventura, Luis Guillermo Restrepo, María Cristina Latorre, José Julián López, María Teresa Bürgin, Consuelo Silva, Silvana Nair Leite, Farias Mareni Rocha
Medicines are considered one of the main tools of western medicine to resolve health problems. Currently, medicines represent an important share of the countries' healthcare budget. In the Latin America region, access to essential medicines is still a challenge, although countries have established some measures in the last years in order to guarantee equitable access to medicines. A theoretical model is proposed for analysing the social, political, and economic factors that modulate the role of medicines as a health need and their influence on the accessibility and access to medicines...
February 15, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226071/reviewing-the-brazilian-national-primary-healthcare-policy-at-such-a-time
#12
Márcia Valéria Guimarães Cardoso Morosini, Angélica Ferreira Fonseca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226051/discourses-on-short-coursetherapy-for-tuberculosis-control
#13
Fernando Mitano, Amélia Nunes Sicsú, Mônica Cristina Ribeiro Alexandre D Auria de Lima, Rarianne Carvalho Peruhype, Simone Terezinha Protti, Pedro Fredemir Palha
Objective: to analyze the meanings produced through the experiences and perceptions of healthcare professionals on the implementation of the strategy of directly observed treatment short course for tuberculosis control. Method: qualitative study carried out in Mozambique with 15 healthcare professionals. Inclusion criteriawerehaving acted in the Tuberculosis Control Program for more than one year, and exercising professional activity at the time of interview. A semi-structured script was used for data collection, and individual interviews were recorded...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224422/satisfaction-of-village-doctors-with-the-township-and-village-health-services-integration-policy-in-the-western-minority-inhabited-areas-of-china
#14
Da Feng, Liang Zhang, Yuan-Xi Xiang, Dong-Lan Zhang, Ruo-Xi Wang, Shang-Feng Tang, Hang Fu, Bo-Yang Li
Township and Village Health Services Integration Management (TVHSIM) is an essential form of China's two-tiered health service integration plan at the township and village level. Its main purpose, also one of the target goals in China's new healthcare reform, is to gradually integrate rural health services and appropriately allocate rural health resources. This study aims to assess the village doctors' satisfaction with the TVHSIM and provide scientific base to further improve TVHSIM. A cross-sectional study was carried out in which 162 village doctors from Qinghai, Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang in western China were interviewed...
February 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224082/clinical-characteristics-of-adult-patients-with-inborn-errors-of-metabolism-in-spain-a-review-of-500-cases-from-university-hospitals
#15
J Pérez-López, L Ceberio-Hualde, J S García-Morillo, J M Grau-Junyent, A Hermida Ameijeiras, M López-Rodríguez, J C Milisenda, M Moltó Abad, M Morales-Conejo, J J Nava Mateos
Patients with inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) have become an emerging and challenging group in the adult healthcare system whose needs should be known in order to implement appropriate policies and to adapt adult clinical departments. We aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics of adult patients with IEMs who attend the most important Spanish hospitals caring for these conditions. A cohort study was conducted in 500 patients, categorized by metabolic subtype according to pathophysiological classification...
March 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223666/-geriatric-oncology
#16
Satoko Maeno, Fumio Nagashima, Daisuke Naruge, Naohiro Okano, Kirio Kawai, Takaaki Kobayashi, Hiroshi Kitamura, Junji Furuse
The number of older adults in Japan is rising, and healthcare for older patients differs from those of younger patients.We have limited available data regarding the outcomes of cancer treatment in this population.In addition, we have few guidelines to address the evaluation and treatment of older cancer patients in Japan.The Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development(AMED)has funded clinical research focusing on elderly cancer patients.We organized the Geriatric Study Committee in Japan Clinical Oncology Group(JCOG)to develop geriatric research policy in this area...
February 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222653/who-is-a-community-health-worker-a-systematic-review-of-definitions
#17
Abimbola Olaniran, Helen Smith, Regine Unkels, Sarah Bar-Zeev, Nynke van den Broek
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) can play vital roles in increasing coverage of basic health services. However, there is a need for a systematic categorisation of CHWs that will aid common understanding among policy makers, programme planners, and researchers. OBJECTIVE: To identify the common themes in the definitions and descriptions of CHWs that will aid delineation within this cadre and distinguish CHWs from other healthcare providers. DESIGN: A systematic review of peer-reviewed papers and grey literature...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221676/key-factors-that-influence-government-policies-and-decision-making-about-healthcare-priorities-lessons-for-the-field-of-eating-disorders
#18
Harvey Whiteford, Ruth Striegel Weissman
Worldwide, the demand for healthcare exceeds what individuals and governments are able to afford. Priority setting is therefore inevitable, and mental health services have often been given low priority in the decision-making process. Drawing on established economic criteria, and specifically the work of Philip Musgrove, key factors which influence government decision-making about health priorities are reviewed. These factors include the size of the health burden, the availability of cost-effective interventions to reduce the burden, whether private markets can provide the necessary treatment efficiently, whether there are "catastrophic costs" incurred in accessing treatment, whether negative externalities arise from not providing care, and if the "rule of rescue" applies...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220984/enacting-open-disclosure-in-the-uk-national-health-service-a-qualitative-exploration
#19
Reema Harrison, Yvonne Birks, Kate Bosanquet, Rick Iedema
BACKGROUND: Open and honest discussion between healthcare providers and patients and families affected by error is considered to be a central feature of high quality and safer patient care, evidenced by the implementation of open disclosure policies and guidance internationally. This paper discusses the perceived enablers that UK doctors and nurses report as facilitating the enactment of open disclosure. METHODS: Semistructured interviews with 13 doctors and 22 nurses from a range of levels and specialities from 5 national health service hospitals and primary care trusts in the UK were conducted and analysed using a framework approach...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220744/burden-genotype-and-phenotype-profiles-of-adult-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-cape-town-south-africa
#20
G D Pule, K Mnica, M Joubert, S Mowla, N Novitsky, A Wonkam
BACKGROUND: An exponential increase in the number of sickle cell disease (SCD) patients in paediatric services in Cape Town, South Africa, has been reported. The trend in adult/adolescent services has not been investigated. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate epidemiological trends of SCD and the profile of patients affected by SCD attending the Haematology Clinic at Groote Schuur Hospital (GSH), Cape Town. METHODS: (i) A retrospective review of the number of SCD patients over the past 20 years; (ii) a cross-sectional analysis of clinical and haematological characteristics of SCD patients; and (iii) molecular analysis of the haemoglobin S mutation, the haplotype in the β-globin-like genes cluster, the 3...
January 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
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