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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818754/daily-thanatomicrobiome-changes-in-soil-as-an-approach-of-postmortem-interval-estimation-an-ecological-perspective
#1
Joe Adserias-Garriga, Marta Hernández, Narciso M Quijada, David Rodríguez Lázaro, Dawnie Steadman, Jesús Garcia-Gil
Understanding human decomposition is critical for its use in postmortem interval (PMI) estimation, having a significant impact on forensic investigations. In recognition of the need to establish the scientific basis for PMI estimation, several studies on decomposition have been carried out in the last years. The aims of the present study were: (i) to identify soil microbiota communities involved in human decomposition through high-throughput sequencing (HTS) of DNA sequences from the different bacteria, (ii) to monitor quantitatively and qualitatively the decay of such signature species, and (iii) to describe succesional changes in bacterial populations from the early putrefaction state until skeletonization...
August 7, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807288/prevalence-of-tritrichomonas-foetus-in-tennessee-bulls
#2
Chika C Okafor, Lew G Strickland, Brittni M Jones, Stephen Kania, David E Anderson, Brian K Whitlock
The prevalence of bovine trichomonosis (BT) in TN bulls was estimated through both active screening of bulls and review of previous laboratory records. During the active bull screening, preputial smegma specimens were collected from 458 TN beef bulls at 2 cattle slaughterhouses and 2 stockyards, which serve most beef bulls in TN, between March 2014 and June 2015. Each specimen was cultured for Tritrichomonas foetus (T. foetus) as well as evaluated microscopically every other day for seven days for any protozoa resembling T...
August 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805054/a-scalable-field-study-protocol-and-rationale-for-passive-ambient-air-sampling-a-spatial-phytosampling-for-leaf-data-collection
#3
Tonny J Oyana, Slawomir M Lomnicki, Chuqi Guo, Stephania A Cormier
Stable, bioreactive, radicals known as environmentally persistent free radicals (EPFRs) have been found to exist on the surface of airborne PM2.5. These EPFRs have been found to form during many combustion processes, are present in vehicular exhaust, and persist in the environment for weeks and biological systems for up to 12 hours. To measure EPFRs in PM samples, high volume samplers are required and measurements are less representative of community exposure; therefore, we developed a novel spatial phytosampling methodology to study the spatial patterns of EPFR concentrations using plants...
August 14, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780101/effect-of-prepartum-exercise-pasture-turnout-or-total-confinement-on-hoof-health
#4
R A Black, S R van Amstel, P D Krawczel
Lameness is a major welfare concern in the dairy industry, and access to physical activity during the dry period may improve hoof health. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of forced exercise, pasture turnout, or total confinement of dry cows on horn growth and wear and sole thickness. Twenty-nine primiparous and 31 multiparous, pregnant, nonlactating Holstein (n = 58) and Jersey-Holstein crossbred (n = 2) dairy cows were assigned to either total confinement (n = 20), exercise (n = 20), or pasture (n = 20) treatments at dry-off using rolling enrollment from January to November 2015...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757141/molecular-epidemiology-of-a-novel-re-assorted-epidemic-strain-of-equine-influenza-virus-in-pakistan-in-2015-16
#5
Amjad Khan, Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq, Mansur Ud Din Ahmad, Jawad Nazir, Shahid Hussain Farooqi, Asghar Khan
BACKGROUND: A widespread epidemic of equine influenza (EI) occurred in nonvaccinated equine population across multiple districts in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan during 2015-2016. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: An epidemiological surveillance study was conducted from Oct 2015 to April 2016 to investigate the outbreak. EI virus strains were isolated in embryonated eggs from suspected equines swab samples and were subjected to genome sequencing using M13 tagged segment specific primers...
July 27, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755937/lowering-rumen-degradable-protein-maintained-energy-corrected-milk-yield-and-improved-nitrogen-use-efficiency-in-multiparous-lactating-dairy-cows-exposed-to-heat-stress
#6
J D Kaufman, K R Kassube, A G Ríus
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of reducing rumen-degradable protein (RDP) and rumen-undegradable protein (RUP) proportions on feed intake, milk production, and N-use efficiency in primiparous and multiparous cows exposed to warm climates. Eighteen primiparous and 30 multiparous mid-lactation Holstein cows were used in a completely randomized design with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments. Cows were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 dietary treatments formulated to contain 2 proportions of RDP (10 and 8%) and 2 proportions RUP (8 and 6%) of dry matter (DM) indicated as follows: (1) 10% RDP, 8% RUP; (2) 8% RDP, 8% RUP; (3) 10% RDP, 6% RUP; and (4) 8% RDP, 6% RUP...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733155/implementation-of-a-health-information-exchange-into-community-pharmacy-workflow
#7
Kenneth C Hohmeier, Christina A Spivey, Samantha Boldin, Tara B Moore, Marie Chisholm-Burns
OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility and report preliminary outcomes of the integration of a health information exchange (HIE) into community pharmacy workflow clinical service delivery. SETTING: Independent pharmacy in eastern Tennessee. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: The pharmacy offers medication reconciliation services via HIE access, as well as other clinical pharmacy services. The average number of prescriptions filled weekly is 1900, and staffing included 3...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727080/management-of-native-warm-season-grasses-for-beef-cattle-and-biomass-production-in-the-mid-south-usa
#8
W M Backus, J C Waller, G E Bates, C A Harper, A Saxton, D W McIntosh, J Birckhead, P D Keyser
Native grasses, such as switchgrass (SG; L.), big bluestem (BB; Vitman), indiangrass (IG; Nash), and eastern gamagrass (EG; [L.] L.) may be capable of providing desirable summer forage for cattle as well as a source of biomass for renewable energy. To evaluate that potential, experiments were conducted at 2 locations in Tennessee comparing weaned beef () steers (268 ± 25 kg initial BW) during early-season grazing (Early; 30 d, typically corresponding to May, followed by postdormancy biomass harvest) and full-season grazing (Full, mean duration = 98 d)...
July 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722610/evaluation-of-a-spotted-fever-group-rickettsia-public-health-surveillance-system-in-tennessee
#9
Mary-Margaret A Fill, Abelardo C Moncayo, Karen C Bloch, John R Dunn, William Schaffner, Timothy F Jones
Spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsioses are endemic in Tennessee, with ∼2,500 cases reported during 2000-2012. Because of this substantial burden of disease, we performed a three-part evaluation of Tennessee's routine surveillance for SFG rickettsioses cases and deaths to assess the system's effectiveness. Tennessee Department of Health (TDH) SFG rickettsioses surveillance records were matched to three patient series: 1) patients with positive serologic specimens from a commercial reference laboratory during 2010-2011, 2) tertiary medical center patients with positive serologic tests during 2007-2013, and 3) patients identified from death certificates issued during 1995-2014 with SFG rickettsiosis-related causes of death...
July 3, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720928/118-th-annual-meeting-of-the-american-association-of-colleges-of-pharmacy-nashville-tennessee-july-15-19-2017
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711316/effect-of-gestational-weight-gain-and-prepregnancy-body-mass-index-in-adolescent-mothers-on-weight-and-body-mass-index-of-adolescent-offspring
#11
Susan W Groth, Margaret L Holland, Joyce A Smith, Ying Meng, Harriet Kitzman
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine the association of the gestational weight gain and prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) of low-income adolescent mothers with the risk of their children being overweight and/or obese in late adolescence. METHODS: Study subjects were low-income, primiparous adolescents (n = 360) who self-identified as black and participated in the New Mothers Study in Memphis, Tennessee, and their children. Gestational weight gain was examined as a continuous variable and also categorized into overgain, recommended gain, and undergain following the 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708710/bone-accrual-in-children-and-adolescent-nonelite-swimmers-a-2-year-longitudinal-study
#12
Andy C Collins, Kenneth D Ward, Barbara S McClanahan, Deborah L Slawson, Christopher Vukadinovich, Kamra E Mays, Nancy Wilson, George Relyea
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in bone mass between children and adolescents swimming competitively at nonelite levels (locally and regionally) and nonathletes and to assess changes in bone mass in these 2 groups over 24 months after taking into consideration several known confounders of bone mass. DESIGN: Observational prospective study. PARTICIPANTS: White nonelite swimmers (n = 128) and nonathletes (n = 106) 8 to 18 years of age from Memphis, Tennessee, USA...
July 11, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707100/improving-safe-sleep-modeling-in-the-hospital-through-policy-implementation
#13
Rachel Heitmann, Ester K Nilles, Ashley Jeans, Jackie Moreland, Chris Clarke, Morgan F McDonald, Michael D Warren
Introduction Sleep-related infant deaths are major contributors to Tennessee's high infant mortality rate. The purpose of this initiative was to evaluate the impact of policy-based efforts to improve modeling of safe sleep practices by health care providers in hospital settings across Tennessee. Methods Safe sleep policies were developed and implemented at 71 hospitals in Tennessee. Policies, at minimum, were required to address staff training on the American Academy of Pediatrics' safe sleep recommendations, correct modeling of infant safe sleep practices, and parent education...
July 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704348/quickstats-age-adjusted-alzheimer-s-disease-death-rates-%C3%A2-among-persons-aged-%C3%A2-65-years-by-state-%C3%A2-united-states-2015
#14
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the age-adjusted Alzheimer's disease death rate among persons aged ≥65 years in the United States was 231.0 per 100,000 population. The five states with the highest age-adjusted death rates for Alzheimer's disease were South Carolina (362.8), Washington (349.6), Mississippi (346.5), Tennessee (340.8), and Louisiana (333.6). New York had the lowest rate (99.0), followed by Maryland (128.2), Alaska (131.7), Connecticut (149.3), and the District of Columbia (152.2).
July 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689557/statewide-breastfeeding-hotline-use-among-tennessee-wic-participants
#15
Sierra M Mullen, August Marshall, Michael D Warren
OBJECTIVE: To examine the use of the Tennessee Breastfeeding Hotline (TBH), a 24 h/d, 7-d/wk telephonic lactation support program, based on Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) participation. METHODS: Self-reported quantitative data were collected during the initial call. Data collected included caller type, maternal and infant characteristics, breastfeeding (BF) status, and primary reason for contacting the TBH. RESULTS: A total of 366 participants in WIC and 1,354 participants not enrolled in WIC received services through the TBH...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684006/evolution-in-the-surgical-care-of-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-the-mid-south-quality-of-surgical-resection-cohort
#16
Nicholas R Faris, Matthew P Smeltzer, Fujin Lu, Carrie L Fehnel, Nibedita Chakraborty, Cheryl L Houston-Harris, E Todd Robbins, Raymond S Signore, Laura M McHugh, Bradley A Wolf, Lynn Wiggins, Paul Levy, Vishal Sachdev, Raymond U Osarogiagbon
Surgery is the most important curative treatment modality for patients with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We examined the pattern of surgical resection for NSCLC in a high incidence and mortality region of the United States over a 10-year period (2004-2013) in the context of a regional surgical quality improvement initiative. We abstracted patient-level data on all resections at 11 hospitals in 4 contiguous Dartmouth Hospital Referral Regions in North Mississippi, East Arkansas, and West Tennessee...
April 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669310/comparing-cancellous-bone-volume-of-the-manubrium-to-iliac-crest-in-fresh-cadavers
#17
Aaron Smith, Sarah Kortebein, Anas Eid, John Boughter, Nathan Cary, Jeffrey Brooks, Merry Sebelik
Objective The iliac crest is the gold standard for cancellous bone grafting. This site is distant from head and neck reconstruction and may lead to significant postoperative morbidity. We propose an alternative harvest site within the head and neck with potentially less mobility deficits, the manubrium. Study Design Fresh-frozen cadaveric study. Setting Gross anatomy laboratory. Subjects and Methods Access to 18 cadavers was granted from the Medical Education and Research Institute in Memphis, Tennessee. The anterior iliac crests were exposed and H-type osteotomies performed...
July 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660850/pufa-levels-in-erythrocyte-membrane-phospholipids-are-differentially-associated-with-colorectal-adenoma-risk
#18
Samara B Rifkin, Martha J Shrubsole, Qiuyin Cai, Walter E Smalley, Reid M Ness, Larry L Swift, Wei Zheng, Harvey J Murff
Dietary intake of PUFA has been associated with colorectal neoplasm risk; however, results from observational studies have been inconsistent. Most prior studies have utilised self-reported dietary measures to assess fatty acid exposure which might be more susceptible to measurement error and biases compared with biomarkers. The purpose of this study was to determine whether erythrocyte phospholipid membrane PUFA percentages are associated with colorectal adenoma risk. We included data from 904 adenoma cases and 835 polyp-free controls who participated in the Tennessee Colorectal Polyp Study, a large colonoscopy-based case-control study...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654195/dynamics-of-the-oral-microbiota-as-a-tool-to-estimate-time-since-death
#19
Joe Adserias Garriga, Narciso M Quijada, Marta Hernandez, David Rodríguez Lázaro, Dawnie Steadman, Jesús Garcia-Gil
Oral cavity harbors one of the most diverse microbiomes in the human body. It has been shown to be the second most complex in the body after the gastro- intestinal tract. Upon death, the indigenous microorganisms lead the decomposition of the carcass. Therefore, oral cavity and gastro-intestinal tract microbiomes, play a key role in human decomposition. The aim of the present study is to monitor the microbiome of decaying bodies on a daily basis and to identify signature bacterial taxa, that can improve postmortem interval estimation...
June 27, 2017: Molecular Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649732/impact-of-medicaid-disenrollment-in-tennessee-on-breast-cancer-stage-at-diagnosis-and-treatment
#20
Wafa W Tarazi, Cathy J Bradley, Harry D Bear, David W Harless, Lindsay M Sabik
BACKGROUND: States routinely may consider rollbacks of Medicaid expansions to address statewide economic conditions. To the authors' knowledge, little is known regarding the effects of public insurance contractions on health outcomes. The current study examined the effects of the 2005 Medicaid disenrollment in Tennessee on breast cancer stage at the time of diagnosis and delays in treatment among nonelderly women. METHODS: The authors used Tennessee Cancer Registry data from 2002 through 2008 and estimated a difference-in-difference model comparing women diagnosed with breast cancer who lived in low-income zip codes (and therefore were more likely to be subject to disenrollment) with a similar group of women who lived in high-income zip codes before and after the 2005 Medicaid disenrollment...
June 26, 2017: Cancer
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