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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050406/microbiological-quality-assessment-and-validation-of-antimicrobials-against-unstressed-or-cold-stress-adapted-salmonella-and-surrogate-enterococcus-faecium-on-broiler-carcasses-and-wings
#1
Lacey Lemonakis, KaWang Li, Jeremy M Adler, Cangliang Shen
This study aims to evaluate the microbiological quality and efficacy of antimicrobials to inactivate unstressed or cold-stress adapted Salmonella and Enterococcus on broiler carcasses and wings processed at a small USDA-inspected slaughter facility in West Virginia. The first part of the study included 42 carcasses that were pre- and secondarily-enriched in bacterial media followed by streak-plating onto XLT-4 and HardyCHROM™-agar Salmonella and confirmation using an API20E-kit. The aerobic plate counts (APC), Escherichia coli (ECC), total coliforms (TCC), and yeast/molds were analyzed on petri-films...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029666/exercising-with-veterans-how-social-interaction-with-a-pharmacy-student-improves-patient-care
#2
Genna Holder, Brent Salvig
With the baby boomer population anticipated to explode between 2010 and 2030, it is essential that student pharmacists learn how to properly care for older patients. One way for pharmacy students to prepare for providing health care to the elderly is to partake in an Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) elective course in geriatrics. Pharmacy students, and health care professionals in general, have an immense amount of information available to them that is not found in a patient's chart or textbook, but can be uncovered through increased social interaction with patients, promoting the best possible care...
August 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025750/fludrocortisone-is-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-all-cause-hospitalizations-compared-with-midodrine-in-patients-with-orthostatic-hypotension
#3
Carlos G Grijalva, Italo Biaggioni, Marie R Griffin, Cyndya A Shibao
BACKGROUND: Orthostatic hypotension causes ≈80 000 hospitalizations per year in the United States. Treatments for orthostatic hypotension include fludrocortisone, a mineralocorticoid analog that promotes sodium reabsorption; and midodrine, an α-1 adrenergic agonist that is a direct vasoconstrictor. Although both medications are used to treat orthostatic hypotension, few studies have compared their relative safety. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared incidence rates of hospitalizations for all causes, and for congestive heart failure between users of fludrocortisone and users of midodrine in a retrospective cohort study of Tennessee Medicaid adult enrollees (1995-2009)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023435/notes-from-the-field-multiple-cases-of-seoul-virus-infection-in-a-household-with-infected-pet-rats-tennessee-december-2016-april-2017
#4
Mary-Margaret A Fill, Heather Mullins, Andrew Stephen May, Heather Henderson, Shelley M Brown, Cheng-Feng Chiang, Nishi R Patel, John D Klena, Annabelle de St Maurice, Barbara Knust, Stuart T Nichol, John R Dunn, William Schaffner, Timothy F Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020709/absorbaseal%C3%A2-vascular-closure-device-a-novel-device-for-hemostasis-following-interventional-peripheral-vascular-procedures
#5
Emily Benham, Koen Deloose, Joren Callaert, Marc Bosiers, Tiffany Cox, Amy Lincourt, B Todd Heniford
INTRODUCTION: Vascular closure devices (VCDs) are designed to achieve rapid hemostasis during percutaneous coronary and peripheral vascular procedures. Studies demonstrate that VCDs improve time to hemostasis (TTH) and time to ambulation (TTA) in comparison to standard manual compression. The available products, however, typically have 13-17 steps in their application, often require hemostatic collagen or other agents as part of the process, and can result in significant scarring at the puncture site that can impact future access...
October 12, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017769/modified-kernel-principal-component-analysis-using-double-weighted-local-outlier-factor-and-its-application-to-nonlinear-process-monitoring
#6
Xiaogang Deng, Lei Wang
Traditional kernel principal component analysis (KPCA) based nonlinear process monitoring method may not perform well because its Gaussian distribution assumption is often violated in the real industrial processes. To overcome this deficiency, this paper proposes a modified KPCA method based on double-weighted local outlier factor (DWLOF-KPCA). In order to avoid the assumption of specific data distribution, local outlier factor (LOF) is introduced to construct two LOF-based monitoring statistics, which are used to substitute for the traditional T(2) and SPE statistics, respectively...
October 7, 2017: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992133/intestinal-carriage-of-third-generation-cephalosporin-resistant-and-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-healthy-us-children
#7
Shamim Islam, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Neena Kanwar, Rendie McHenry, James D Chappell, Natasha Halasa, Mary E Wikswo, Daniel C Payne, Parvin H Azimi, L Clifford McDonald, Oscar G Gomez-Duarte
Background: The epidemiology of antibiotic-resistant Enterobacteriaceae intestinal carriage in healthy US children has not been well characterized. Methods: Children between 14 days and 14 years of age were enrolled during well-child visits in Oakland, California, Kansas City, Kansas, and Nashville, Tennessee, between December 2013 and March 2015. Data on recent antibiotic use by the child and travel and hospitalization history of all members of each child's household were obtained with a risk-factor survey...
June 15, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991068/regulation-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-a-systematic-review-of-us-state-laws
#8
Robin Livingston, Chester Wu, Kathy Mu, M Justin Coffey
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to systematically review current US state laws on electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in order to provide a comprehensive resource to educate practitioners, potential patients, and lawmakers. METHODS: Individual state legislative Web sites were searched by 2 independent authors using the following search terms: "electroconvulsive therapy," "convulsive therapy," "electroconvulsant therapy," "electroshock therapy," and "shock therapy" from March 2017 to May 2017...
October 3, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973110/association-of-pathologic-nodal-staging-quality-with-survival-among-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-after-resection-with-curative-intent
#9
Matthew P Smeltzer, Nicholas R Faris, Meredith A Ray, Raymond U Osarogiagbon
Importance: Pathologic nodal stage is the most significant prognostic factor in resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer NSCLC staging project revealed intercontinental differences in N category-stratified survival. These differences may indicate differences not only in cancer biology but also in the thoroughness of the nodal examination. Objective: To determine whether survival was affected by sequentially more stringent definitions of pN staging quality in a cohort of patients with NSCLC after resection with curative intent...
September 28, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972871/informing-and-equipping-parents-of-people-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#10
Carly B Gilson, Lauren K Bethune, Erik W Carter, Elise D McMillan
The importance of supporting families with members who have intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) is well-established in both policy and research. Yet little is known about how familiar parents are with existing resources (e.g., programs, supports, trainings), what information they would consider most helpful, and how they would prefer to access resources. Our study examined the resource needs of 1,738 parents of children and adults with IDD in the state of Tennessee. Most parents reported limited familiarity with programs across every domain (e...
October 2017: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967372/a-rheumetric-physician-checklist-to-quantitate-levels-of-inflammation-damage-and-distress-on-0-10-visual-analogue-scales
#11
REVIEW
Isabel Castrejón, Jacquelin R Chua, Theodore Pincus
A physician global assessment of patient status (DOCGL) was designed initially to quantitate inflammatory activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) clinical trials, in which patients are selected for high levels of activity. However, in patients seen in routine care with various diagnoses, and even in some RA patients selected for clinical trials, DOCGL also may be affected by joint damage and/or patient distress. To clarify DOCGL on a 0-10 visual analogue scale (VAS), 3 additional 0-10 VAS have been developed to record physician estimates of inflammation (DOCINF), damage (DOCDAM), and distress (DOCSTR) (such as fibromyalgia (FM)/depression)...
September 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966185/dental-and-dental-hygiene-intraprofessional-education-a-pilot-program-and-assessment-of-students-and-patients-satisfaction
#12
Vickie E Jones, Anastasios Karydis, Timothy L Hottel
Interprofessional and intraprofessional education (when students from two or more professions or within the same profession, respectively, learn about, from, and/or with each other) is crucial for effective interdisciplinary collaboration. The aims of this study were to assess the effectiveness of a clinical intraprofessional education program for dental and dental hygiene students, based on students' expectations and satisfaction with the program and patients' satisfaction with the team-based care. The pilot program was developed at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Dentistry, where dental hygiene students were paired randomly with dental students scheduled for prophylaxis, scaling and root planing, or periodontal maintenance...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961948/trap-style-bait-and-height-deployments-in-black-walnut-tree-canopies-help-inform-monitoring-strategies-for-bark-and-ambrosia-beetles-coleoptera-curculionidae-scolytinae
#13
William E Klingeman, Alicia M Bray, Jason B Oliver, Christopher M Ranger, Debra E Palmquist
Knowledge about which bark and ambrosia beetle species are active and at what heights in black walnut canopies is not well understood. Neither is the role of these beetles in spreading Thousand Cankers Disease. To assist with future planned research, which will assess the extent to which these beetle species are associated with Geosmithia morbida Kolařík, Freeland, Utley, and Tisserat (Ascomycota: Hypocreales: Bionectriaceae), experiments were undertaken to monitor bark and ambrosia beetles in urban landscapes and parks in Tennessee between 2011 and 2013...
September 7, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953269/small-for-gestational-age-prevalence-risk-factors-in-central-appalachian-states-with-mountain-top-mining
#14
Hamid Ferdosi, Steve H Lamm, Nana Ama Afari-Dwamena, Elisabeth Dissen, Rusan Chen, Ji Li, Manning Feinleib
OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for small-for-gestational age (SGA) for counties in central Appalachian states (Kentucky (KY), Tennessee (TN), Virginia (VA), and West Virginia (WV)) with varied coal mining activities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Live birth certificate files (1990-2002) were used for obtaining SGA prevalence rates for mothers based on the coal mining activities of their counties of residence, mountain-top mining (MTM) activities, underground mining activities but no mountain-top mining activity (non-MTM), or having no mining activities (non-mining)...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951881/state-level-implementation-of-health-and-safety-policies-to-prevent-sudden-death-and-catastrophic-injuries-within-secondary-school-athletics
#15
William M Adams, Samantha E Scarneo, Douglas J Casa
BACKGROUND: Sudden death and catastrophic injuries during sport can be attenuated with the implementation of evidence-based health and safety policies. However, the extent of the implementation of these policies within secondary school athletics is unknown. PURPOSE: To provide an assessment of the implementation of health and safety policies pertaining to the leading causes of sudden death and catastrophic injuries in sport within secondary school athletics in the United States...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930003/angiostrongylus-cantonensis-eosinophilic-meningitis-in-an-infant-tennessee-usa
#16
Tim Flerlage, Yvonne Qvarnstrom, John Noh, John P Devincenzo, Arshia Madni, Bindiya Bagga, Nicholas D Hysmith
Angiostrongylus cantonensis, the rat lungworm, is the most common infectious cause of eosinophilic meningoencephalitis worldwide. This parasite is endemic to Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands, and its global distribution is increasing. We report A. cantonensis meningoencephalitis in a 12-month-old boy in Tennessee, USA, who had not traveled outside of southwestern Tennessee or northwestern Mississippi.
October 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927474/first-detection-and-characterization-of-salmonella-spp-in-poultry-and-swine-raised-in-backyard-production-systems-in-central-chile
#17
R Alegria-Moran, D Rivera, V Toledo, A I Moreno-Switt, C Hamilton-West
Little is known about Salmonella serovars circulating in backyard poultry and swine populations worldwide. Backyard production systems (BPS) that raise swine and/or poultry are distributed across Chile, but are more heavily concentrated in central Chile, where industrialized systems are in close contact with BPS. This study aims to detect and identify circulating Salmonella serovars in poultry and swine raised in BPS. Bacteriological Salmonella isolation was carried out for 1744 samples collected from 329 BPS in central Chile...
September 20, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920808/characterizing-the-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-status-of-two-populations-of-free-ranging-eastern-box-turtles-terrapene-carolina-carolina
#18
Megan K Watson, John Byrd, Christopher A Phillips, Matthew C Allender
Ultraviolet B radiation is recommended for captive reptiles to stimulate production of adequate levels of vitamin D; however, little is known regarding the vitamin D status in many free-ranging populations. Current reference ranges for vitamin D in eastern box turtles have not yet been established. Sixty free-ranging eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina) from two well-studied populations in Illinois (n = 24) and Tennessee (n = 36) were assayed for plasma vitamin D concentration in 2014. There were no significant differences in concentrations between individuals in Illinois (mean: 117...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920793/multi-drug-resistance-patterns-of-enteric-bacteria-in-two-populations-of-free-ranging-eastern-box-turtles-terrapene-carolina-carolina
#19
Cari Rasmussen, Matthew C Allender, Christopher A Phillips, John Byrd, Terrell Lloyd, Carol Maddox
Gram-negative isolates (n = 84) from 71% of free-ranging Eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina) in Illinois and Tennessee, United States, demonstrated resistance to at least one antibiotic while 30% of isolates demonstrated resistance to two or more antibiotics. Resistance was observed against cefoxitin, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, cefazolin, ampicillin, ticarcillin, cefovecin, and ceftiofur. Gram-positive bacteria were isolated from 49 turtles, and all were observed to be resistant to two or more antibiotics...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910414/genome-sequences-and-snp-analyses-of-corynespora-cassiicola-from-cotton-and-soybean-in-the-southeastern-united-states-reveal-limited-diversity
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sandesh K Shrestha, Kurt Lamour, Heather Young-Kelly
Corynespora cassiicola attackes diverse agriculturally important plants, including soybean and cotton, in the US. It is a reemerge pathogen on cotton in southeastern US. Whole genome sequences of four cotton and one soybean isolate from Tennessee were used to develop single nucleotide polymorphism markers for cotton isolates. Cotton isolates had little diversity at the genome level and very little differentiation from the soybean isolate. Analysis of 75 isolates from cotton and soybean, using targeted-sequencing of 22 polymorphic SNP sites, revealed eight multi-locus genotypes and it appears a single clonal lineage predominates across the southeastern region...
2017: PloS One
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