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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534004/integrating-health-and-transportation-in-nashville-tennessee-usa-from-policy-to-projects
#1
Leslie A Meehan, Geoffrey P Whitfield
The Nashville Area Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) is among the first MPOs in the United States to recognize the interplay of transportation and public health, particularly regarding physical activity, air pollution, and traffic crashes. The Nashville MPO has taken a multifaceted approach to simultaneously improve the transportation system, quality of life, and health status of the region's population. The purpose of this paper is to describe the multiple programs and projects that the MPO has undertaken to this end, so that other cities might learn from Nashville's example...
March 2017: Journal of Transport & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531969/biogeographical-factors-affecting-the-distribution-of-stream-salamanders-on-the-cumberland-plateau-usa
#2
P R Gould, K K Cecala, S S Drukker, B A McKenzie, C Van de Ven
Geophysical and climate conditions play an important role in the distribution of organisms at both fine and broad scales. Headwater streams integrate changes at broad geographical scales and serve as important regions of nutrient processing and support high biodiversity. Stream salamanders are important members of headwater aquatic communities as both predators and prey. Combined with their biphasic life histories and physiological requirements, stream amphibians may serve as indicators for headwater stream conditions...
May 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526618/24-hour-urine-metabolic-differences-between-solitary-and-multiple-stone-formers-results-of-the-collaboration-on-urolithiasis-in-pediatrics-cup-working-group
#3
Theodore R Saitz, Solange Mongoue-Tchokote, Cynthia Sharadin, Dana W Giel, Sean Corbett, Larisa Kovacevic, Aaron P Bayne
INTRODUCTION: Specific factors associated with the risk of developing pediatric urinary stone disease remain unclear, especially those that may be associated with recurrent stone disease. OBJECTIVE: We compared the results of 24-h urine collections in children with a solitary stone episode to those with multiple stone episodes to determine if there is a difference that may be associated with multiple stone formation in children. STUDY DESIGN: A multi-institutional retrospective analysis was completed to assess 24-h urinary metabolic profiles in children with urolithiasis aged 2-18 years old...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516855/victim-impact-statements-how-victim-social-class-affects-juror-decision-making
#4
Kimberly Schweitzer, Narina Nuñez
Although the Supreme Court has ruled that victim impact statements (VIS) should be allowed at trial, the concern voicedin Payne v. Tennessee (1991) and Furman v. Georgia (1972) was that VIS might enable jurors to make comparative judgments about the worth of the victim. This study examined the effect VIS and low and middle socioeconomic status (SES) victims have on jurors' decisions. Mock jurors listened to 1 of 3 audio recordings of the sentencing phase of a capital murder trial (no VIS, low SES VIS, or middle SES VIS) and were asked to sentence the defendant to either life in prison without parole or death...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515503/drug-monographs-olaratumab-and-rucaparib
#5
Dominic A Solimando, J Aubrey Waddell
The complexity of cancer chemotherapy requires pharmacists be familiar with the complicated regimens and highly toxic agents used. This column reviews various issues related to preparation, dispensing, and administration of antineoplastic therapy, and the agents, both commercially available and investigational, used to treat malignant diseases. Questions or suggestions for topics should be addressed to Dominic A. Solimando, Jr, President, Oncology Pharmacy Services, Inc., 4201 Wilson Blvd #110-545, Arlington, VA 22203, e-mail: OncRxSvc@comcast...
April 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501704/genetic-variation-in-slc7a2-interacts-with-calcium-and-magnesium-intakes-in-modulating-the-risk-of-colorectal-polyps
#6
Pin Sun, Xiangzhu Zhu, Martha J Shrubsole, Reid M Ness, Elizabeth A Hibler, Qiuyin Cai, Jirong Long, Zhi Chen, Guoliang Li, Lifang Hou, Walter E Smalley, Todd L Edwards, Edward Giovannucci, Wei Zheng, Qi Dai
Solute carrier family 7, member 2 (SLC7A2) gene encodes a protein called cationic amino acid transporter 2, which mediates the transport of arginine, lysine and ornithine. l-Arginine is necessary for cancer development and progression, including an important role in colorectal cancer pathogenesis. Furthermore, previous studies found that both calcium and magnesium inhibit the transport of arginine. Thus, calcium, magnesium or calcium:magnesium intake ratio may interact with polymorphisms in the SLC7A2 gene in association with colorectal cancer...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493860/hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-women-giving-birth-tennessee-and-united-states-2009-2014
#7
Stephen W Patrick, Audrey M Bauer, Michael D Warren, Timothy F Jones, Carolyn Wester
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) affects an estimated 3.5 million persons in the United States (1), making it the most common bloodborne infection in the country. Recent surveillance data showed increased rates of HCV infection among adolescents and adults who are predominantly white, live in nonurban areas, and have a history of injection drug use.* U.S. birth certificate data were used to analyze trends and geographic variations in rates of HCV infection among women giving birth during 2009-2014. Birth certificates from Tennessee were used to examine individual characteristics and outcomes associated with HCV infection, using a multivariable model to calculate adjusted odds of HCV-related diagnosis in pregnancy among women with live births...
May 12, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492446/five-community-wide-approaches-to-physical-activity-promotion-a-cluster-analysis-of-these-activities-in-local-health-jurisdictions-in-6-states
#8
Betty Bekemeier, Michelle Pui-Yan Yip, Abraham D Flaxman, Wendy Barrington
OBJECTIVE: Local health departments (LHDs) have essential roles to play in ensuring the promotion of physical activity (PA) in their communities in order to reduce obesity. Little research exists, however, regarding the existence of these PA interventions across communities and how these interventions may impact community health. DESIGN: In this exploratory study, we used cluster analysis to identify the structure of co-occurring PA interventions, followed by regression analysis to quantify the association between the patterns of PA interventions and prevalence of PA and obesity at a population level...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486834/managing-bias-in-palliative-care-professional-hazards-in-goals-of-care-discussions-at-the-end-of-life
#9
Katharine A Callaghan, Joseph B Fanning
BACKGROUND: In the setting of end-of-life care, biases can interfere with patient articulation of goals and hinder provision of patient-centered care. No studies have addressed clinician bias or bias management specific to goals of care discussions at the end of life. OBJECTIVES: To identify and determine the prevalence of palliative care clinician biases and bias management strategies in end-of-life goals of care discussions. DESIGN: A semistructured interview guide with relevant domains was developed to facilitate data collection...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486517/genetic-diversity-qoi-fungicide-resistance-and-mating-type-distribution-of-cercospora-sojina-implications-for-the-disease-dynamics-of-frogeye-leaf-spot-on-soybean
#10
Sandesh Kumar Shrestha, Alicia Cochran, Alemu Mengistu, Kurt Lamour, Arturo Castro-Rocha, Heather Young-Kelly
Frogeye leaf spot (FLS), caused by Cercospora sojina, causes significant damage to soybean in the U.S. One control strategy is the use of quinone outside inhibitor (QoI) fungicides. QoI resistant isolates were first reported in Tennessee (TN) in 2010. To investigate the disease dynamics of C. sojina, we collected 437 C. sojina isolates in 2015 from Jackson and Milan, TN and used 40 historical isolates collected from 2006-2009 from TN and ten additional states for comparison. A subset of 186 isolates, including historical isolates, were genotyped for 49 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers and the QoI resistance locus, revealing 35 unique genotypes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486063/examining-the-inter-correlated-effects-of-low-income-life-stress-and-race-on-birth-outcomes-a-representative-state-study
#11
Tess Lefmann, Terri Combs-Orme, John G Orme
BACKGROUND: Programming of the stress response system during gestation has lifelong effects that put the infant at risk for multiple stress-related pathologies. Populations most vulnerable to prenatal stress are African-Americans and individuals of low socioeconomic status. METHODS: The Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) research project, a collaboration between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and individual state health departments, was employed for this study...
May 9, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475683/distribution-of-karyotypes-of-the-cryptocercus-punctulatus-species-complex-blattodea-cryptocercidae-in-great-smoky-mountains-national-park
#12
Christine A Nalepa, Keisuke Shimada, Kiyoto Maekawa, Peter Luykx
During the period between 1999 and 2006, wood-feeding cockroaches in the Cryptocercus punctulatus Scudder species complex were collected throughout Great Smoky Mountains National Park, USA. The chromosome numbers of insects from 59 sites were determined, and phylogenetic analyses were performed based on mitochondrial COII and nuclear ITS2 DNA. The distribution of the three male karyotypes found in the park (2n = 37, 39, and 45) is mapped and discussed in relation to recent disturbances and glacial history...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470135/a-decade-of-health-assessments-in-appalachia
#13
E Scott Sills, Xiang Li
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe standardized clinical process of care and quality performance metrics at Roane Medical Center (RMC) and compare data from 2005 to 2015. Design/methodology/approach Information was extracted from a nationwide sample of short-term acute care hospitals using the Hospital Quality Alliance (HQA) database, evaluating multiple parameters measured at RMC. HQA data from RMC were matched against state and national benchmarks; findings were also compared with similar reports from the same facility in 2005...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469710/single-nucleotide-polymorphism-typing-analysis-for-molecular-subtyping-of-salmonella-tennessee-isolates-associated-with-the-2007-nationwide-peanut-butter-outbreak-in-the-united-states
#14
Hee-Jin Dong, Seongbeom Cho, David Boxrud, Shelly Rankin, Francis Downe, Judith Lovchik, Jim Gibson, Matt Erdman, A Mahdi Saeed
BACKGROUND: In 2007, a nationwide Salmonella Tennessee outbreak occurred via contaminated peanut butter. Here, we developed a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-typing method for S. Tennessee to determine the clonal subtypes of S. Tennessee that were associated with the peanut butter outbreak. METHODS AND RESULTS: One seventy-six S. Tennessee isolates from various sources, including humans, animals, food, and the environment, were analyzed by using the SNP technique...
2017: Gut Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465360/male-sex-associated-with-increased-risk-of-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#15
M Katherine Charles, William O Cooper, Lauren M Jansson, Judith Dudley, James C Slaughter, Stephen W Patrick
BACKGROUND: Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a postnatal opioid withdrawal syndrome. Factors associated with development of the syndrome are poorly understood; however, infant sex may influence the risk of NAS. Our objective was to determine if infant sex was associated with the development or severity of the syndrome in a large population-based cohort. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used vital statistics and prescription, outpatient, and inpatient administrative data for mothers and infants enrolled in the Tennessee Medicaid program between 2009 and 2011...
May 2, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464851/pollen-mediated-gene-flow-from-transgenic-to-non-transgenic-switchgrass-panicum-virgatum-l-in-the-field
#16
Reginald Millwood, Madhugiri Nageswara-Rao, Rongjian Ye, Ellie Terry-Emert, Chelsea R Johnson, Micaha Hanson, Jason N Burris, Charles Kwit, C Neal Stewart
BACKGROUND: Switchgrass is C4 perennial grass species that is being developed as a cellulosic bioenergy feedstock. It is wind-pollinated and considered to be an obligate outcrosser. Genetic engineering has been used to alter cell walls for more facile bioprocessing and biofuel yield. Gene flow from transgenic cultivars would likely be of regulatory concern. In this study we investigated pollen-mediated gene flow from transgenic to nontransgenic switchgrass in a 3-year field experiment performed in Oliver Springs, Tennessee, U...
May 2, 2017: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462622/trends-in-hiv-continuum-of-care-outcomes-over-10-years-of-follow-up-at-a-large-hiv-primary-medical-home-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#17
Michael K Ghiam, Peter Rebeiro, Megan Turner, William B Rogers, Sally Bebawy, Stephen P Raffanti, Anna Kristine Person, April C Pettit
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal studies of retention in care (RIC) and viral suppression (VS) in the southeastern United States (US), a region disproportionately affected by HIV-infection, are lacking. METHODS: HIV-infected adults with ≥1 medical visit at the Vanderbilt Comprehensive Care Clinic (Nashville, Tennessee) from 2004-2013 were included. RIC was ≥2 (a) laboratory dates [CD4+ counts or HIV-1 viral loads (VL)] or (b) provider encounters and/or laboratory dates in the year of interest, ≥90 days apart...
May 2, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462055/first-report-of-bats-mammalia-chiroptera-from-the-gray-fossil-site-late-miocene-or-early-pliocene-tennessee-usa
#18
Nicholas J Czaplewski
Thousands of vertebrate fossils have been recovered from the Gray Fossil Site, Tennessee, dating to the Miocene-Pliocene boundary. Among these are but eight specimens of bats representing two different taxa referable to the family Vespertilionidae. Comparison of the fossils with Neogene and Quaternary bats reveals that seven of the eight specimens pertain to a species of Eptesicus that cannot be distinguished from recent North American Eptesicus fuscus. The remaining specimen, a horizontal ramus with m3, is from a smaller vespertilionid bat that cannot confidently be assigned to a genus...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459616/effect-of-water-activity-on-the-thermal-tolerance-and-survival-of-salmonella-enterica-serovars-tennessee-and-senftenberg-in-goat-s-milk-caramel
#19
Oscar Acosta, Jessie Usaga, John J Churey, Randy W Worobo, Olga I Padilla-Zakour
The low thermal tolerance of Salmonella enterica in foods with intermediate moisture levels, such as caramel sauces, ensures that mild heat treatment is sufficient to achieve 5-log reductions of this pathogen. This treatment mitigates the risk posed by salmonellae in raw materials; however, recontamination might occur because of survival of the pathogen in products that are not heated before consumption. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of water activity (aw) on the thermal tolerance and survival of S...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456108/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-short-version-of-the-personal-diabetes-questionnaire-to-assess-dietary-behaviors-and-exercise-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Sylvie A Akohoue, Kenneth A Wallston, David G Schlundt, Russell L Rothman
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes and of lower socioeconomic status have difficulty adhering to dietary recommendations. Practical and effective tools assessing self-management behaviors are needed to help evaluate interventions tailored to the needs of individual patients or population groups. This study examined the psychometric properties of a short 11-item version of the Personal Diabetes Questionnaire scale (PDQ-11) using data from the Public-Private Partnership to Improve Diabetes Education trial...
April 6, 2017: Eating Behaviors
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