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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635451/delivering-person-centred-care-in-police-custody
#1
Matt Peel
The custody nurse role was introduced in 2003 following changes to legislation, which allowed nurses and paramedics to care for people in police custody. Before this, the work was done solely by doctors.
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631875/nursing-assessment-as-an-effective-tool-for-the-identification-of-delirium-risk-in-older-in-patients-a-case-control-study
#2
Elena Solà-Miravete, Carlos López, Estrella Martínez-Segura, Mireia Adell-Lleixà, Maria Eulàlia Juvé-Udina, Mar Lleixà-Fortuño
AIMS: To evaluate the usefulness of comprehensive nursing assessment as a strategy for determining the risk of delirium in older in-patients from a model of care needs based on variables easily measured by nurses. BACKGROUND: There are many scales of assessment and prediction of risk of delirium, but they are little known and infrequently used by professionals. Recognition of delirium by doctors and nurses continues to be limited. DESIGN AND METHODS: A case-control study...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628070/nursing-doctoral-faculty-perceptions-related-to-the-effect-of-increasing-enrollments-on-productivity
#3
Suzanne C Smeltzer, Nancy C Sharts-Hopko, Mary Ann Cantrell, Mary Ann Heverly, Amanda Jenkinson
Nursing faculty teaching in research and clinical doctoral programs participated in a national survey study to examine the impact of expanded doctoral enrollments on the doctoral faculty's scholarly productivity. They were invited to respond to an open-ended question soliciting information not already addressed in the survey. Results of the analysis are reported here. Findings corroborated the review of literature and results of the survey and focus groups that provided the basis for the survey's development...
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624041/effects-of-replacing-saline-solution-during-surgery-for-colon-cancer-in-korea
#4
Eun Mi Ham, Sul Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections are often linked to contamination of saline solution by the patient's organs, doctors' and nurses' hands, or surgical instruments. Scrub nurses also use the saline solution to soften sutures or moisturize gauze. Therefore, we performed a randomized study of Korean clean-contaminated surgeries for colon cancer to evaluate whether replacing saline solution affected the level of contamination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the control group (n = 26), normal saline was not replaced during surgery...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623923/making-hiv-testing-work-at-the-point-of-care-in-south-africa-a-qualitative-study-of-diagnostic-practices
#5
Nora Engel, Malika Davids, Nadine Blankvoort, Keertan Dheda, Nitika Pant Pai, Madhukar Pai
BACKGROUND: Point of care testing promises to reduce delays in diagnosing and initiating treatment for infectious diseases such as Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV). In South Africa, decentralized HIV testing with rapid tests offers important lessons for point of care testing programs. Yet, little is known about the strategies of providers and clients to make HIV testing successful in settings short of equipment, human resources and space. We aimed at examining these strategies. METHODS: This paper is based on a larger qualitative study of diagnostic practices across major diseases and actors in homes, clinics, communities, hospitals and laboratories in South Africa...
June 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622980/how-do-hospital-respiratory-clinicians-perceive-antimicrobial-stewardship-ams-a-qualitative-study-highlighting-barriers-to-ams-in-respiratory-medicine
#6
J Broom, A Broom, E Kirby, A F Gibson, J J Post
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal antibiotic use in respiratory infections is widespread in hospital medicine and primary care. Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) teams within hospitals, commonly led by infectious diseases physicians, are frequently charged with optimizing the use of respiratory antibiotics, but there is limited information on what drives antibiotic use in this area of clinical medicine, or on how AMS is perceived. AIM: To explore the perceptions of hospital respiratory clinicians on AMS in respiratory medicine...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622379/end-of-life-care-for-people-with-dementia-the-views-of-health-professionals-social-care-service-managers-and-frontline-staff-on-key-requirements-for-good-practice
#7
Richard Philip Lee, Claire Bamford, Marie Poole, Emma McLellan, Catherine Exley, Louise Robinson
BACKGROUND: Evidence consistently shows that people with advanced dementia experience suboptimal end of life care compared to those with cancer; with increased hospitalisation, inadequate pain control and fewer palliative care interventions. Understanding the views of those service managers and frontline staff who organise and provide care is crucial in order to develop better end of life care for people with dementia. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Qualitative interviews and focus groups were conducted from 2013 to 2015 with 33 service managers and 54 staff involved in frontline care, including doctors, nurses, nursing and care home managers, service development leads, senior managers/directors, care assistants and senior care assistants/team leads...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621206/baseline-population-health-conditions-ahead-of-a-health-system-strengthening-program-in-rural-madagascar
#8
Ann C Miller, Ranto H Ramananjato, Andres Garchitorena, Victor R Rabeza, Djordje Gikic, Amber Cripps, Laura Cordier, Hery-Tiana Rahaniraka Razanadrakato, Marius Randriamanambintsoa, Lara Hall, Megan Murray, Felicite Safara Razanavololo, Michael L Rich, Matthew H Bonds
BACKGROUND: A model health district was initiated through a program of health system strengthening (HSS) in Ifanadiana District of southeastern Madagascar in 2014. We report population health indicators prior to initiation of the program. METHODS: A representative household survey based on the Demographic Health Survey was conducted using a two-stage cluster sampling design in two strata - the initial program catchment area and the future catchment area. Chi-squared and t-tests were used to compare data by stratum, using appropriate sampling weights...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618913/a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-prevention
#9
Catriona Jennings, Felicity Astin
Cardiovascular disease accounts for 17,500 deaths globally, representing nearly half of all non-communicable disease deaths. The World Health Organization has set nine lifestyle, risk factor and medicines targets to achieve by 2025 with the aim of reducing premature mortality from non-communicable diseases by 25%. In order to succeed in this, we need to equip our global health professional workforce with the skills to support patients and their families with making lifestyle changes and being in concordance with cardioprotective medication regimes at every opportunity...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617775/-doctors-and-nurses-perceptions-of-the-spending-review-in-the-autonomous-province-of-trento-italy
#10
Debora Viviani, Giancarla Carraro, Giovanni Maria Guarrera, Chiara Francesca Dalle Fratte, Annamaria Guarnier, Luisa Saiani
The national expenditure limits set by the spending review has required reorganization and streamlining measures. The present study was conducted in 2015, among 2,020 nurses and 861 doctors in the autonomous province of Trento (Italy), to describe their perceptions of the containment measures introduced in healthcare spending, following the spending review. Results show that nurses and doctors were most affected by the measures regarding staff management (staff turnover rate, reducing overtime and changes in training)...
March 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617622/treatment-and-communication-that-is-what-matters-an-analysis-of-complaints-regarding-end-of-life-care
#11
Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, Michal Skornick-Bouchbinder, Rinat Cohen, Shai Brill
BACKGROUND: Investigating complaints concerning end-of-life (EoL) care is a necessary step for improving the quality of life at its final stage. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to classify and quantify the aspects of EoL care that require improvement by analyzing caregivers' feedback on the care their relatives received before death. DESIGN: A survey of primary family caregivers of deceased patients. SETTING/SUBJECTS: Relatives of decedents were recruited through two geriatric medical centers and from persons contacted for other studies, who reported losing a relative...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617194/impact-of-online-toxicology-training-on-health-professionals-the-global-educational-toxicology-uniting-project-getup
#12
Anselm Wong, Rais Vohra, Andrew H Dawson, Andrew Stolbach
OBJECTIVE: The Global Educational Toxicology Uniting Project (GETUP), supported by the American College of Medical Toxicology, links countries with and without toxicology services via distance education with the aim to improve education. Due to the lack of toxicology services in some countries there is a knowledge gap in the management of poisonings. We describe our experience with the worldwide delivery of an online introductory toxicology curriculum to emergency doctors and other health professionals treating poisoned patients...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615959/severe-forms-of-fibromyalgia-with-acute-exacerbation-of-pain-costs-comorbidities-and-length-of-stay-in-inpatient-care
#13
Tobias Romeyke, Elisabeth Noehammer, Hans Christoph Scheuer, Harald Stummer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: As a disease of the musculoskeletal system, fibromyalgia is becoming increasingly important, because of the direct and indirect costs to health systems. The purpose of this study of health economics was to obtain information about staff costs differentiated by service provider, and staff and material costs of the nonmedical infrastructure in inpatient care. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study looked at 263 patients who received interdisciplinary inpatient treatment for severe forms of fibromyalgia with acute exacerbation of pain between 2011 and 2014...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612646/impact-assessment-on-patients-satisfaction-and-healthcare-professionals-commitment-of-software-supporting-directly-observed-treatment-short-course-a-protocol-proposal
#14
Rui Pedro Charters Lopes Rijo, Nathalia Yukie Crepaldi, Fernanda Bergamini, Lídia Maria Lourençon Rodrigues, Inácia Bezerra de Lima, Gleici da Silva Castro Perdoná, Domingos Alves
Doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals use software that affects the patients. Directly Observed Treatment, Short-course is the name given to the tuberculosis control strategy recommended by the World Health Organization. The main goal of this work is to propose a protocol for evaluating the impact of healthcare software supporting Directly Observed Treatment, Short-course on patients, healthcare professionals, and services. The proposed protocol consists of a set of instruments and steps. The instruments are reliable and validated existing questionnaires to be applied before and after using the software tool...
June 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608018/surgical-human-resources-according-to-types-of-health-care-facility-an-assessment-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#15
Shirwa Sheik Ali, Zahra Jaffry, Meena N Cherian, Teena Kunjumen, Annette M Nkwowane, Andrew J M Leather, Hernan Montenegro Von Muhlenbrock, Edward Kelley, James Campbell
BACKGROUND: A robust health care system providing safe surgical care to a population can only be achieved in conjunction with access to competent surgical personnel. It has been reported that 5 billion people do not have access to safe, affordable surgical and anaesthesia care when needed. This study aims to fill the existing gap in evidence by quantifying shortfalls in trained personnel delivering safe surgical and anaesthetic care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) according to the type of health care facility...
June 12, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607682/improving-inpatient-care-for-older-adults-implementing-dementia-commissioning-for-quality-and-innovation-cquin
#16
Judith R Harrison
Dementia is a common condition, and people with dementia occupy around 25% of hospital beds. Commissioning for Quality and Innovation (CQUIN) is an NHS payment framework that links part of English healthcare providers' income to quality improvement. The dementia CQUIN goals are designed to encourage the recognition of dementia in hospital. The Royal Surrey County Hospital, Guildford, introduced new procedures to meet the dementia CQUIN targets. Adherence to the changes was a problem. This project aimed to improve hospital's implementation strategy...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607241/composition-and-distribution-of-the-health-workforce-in-india-estimates-based-on-data-from-the-national-sample-survey
#17
Krishna D Rao, Renu Shahrawat, Aarushi Bhatnagar
BACKGROUND: The availability of reliable and comprehensive information on the health workforce is crucial for workforce planning. In India, routine information sources on the health workforce are incomplete and unreliable. This paper addresses this issue and provides a comprehensive picture of India's health workforce. METHODS: Data from the 68th round (July 2011 to June 2012) of the National Sample Survey on the Employment and unemployment situation in India were analysed to produce estimates of the health workforce in India...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606904/transition-structures-and-timing-of-transfer-from-paediatric-to-adult-based-care-after-kidney-transplantation-in-germany-a-qualitative-study
#18
Jenny Prüfe, Marie-Luise Dierks, Dirk Bethe, Martina Oldhafer, Silvia Müther, Julia Thumfart, Markus Feldkötter, Anja Büscher, Katja Sauerstein, Matthias Hansen, Martin Pohl, Jens Drube, Florian Thiel, Susanne Rieger, Ulrike John, Christina Taylan, Katalin Dittrich, Sabine Hollenbach, Günter Klaus, Henry Fehrenbach, Birgitta Kranz, Carmen Montoya, Bärbel Lange-Sperandio, Bettina Ruckenbrod, Heiko Billing, Hagen Staude, Reinhard Brunkhorst, Krisztina Rusai, Lars Pape, Martin Kreuzer
OBJECTIVES: It is known that transition, as a shift of care, marks a vulnerable phase in the adolescents' lives with an increased risk for non-adherence and allograft failure. Still, the transition process of adolescents and young adults living with a kidney transplant in Germany is not well defined. The present research aims to assess transition-relevant structures for this group of young people. Special attention is paid to the timing of the process. SETTING: In an observational study, we visited 21 departments of paediatric nephrology in Germany...
June 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605633/epileptic-vs-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-a-video-based-survey
#19
Danielle Wasserman, Moshe Herskovitz
Psychogenic non epileptic seizures (PNES) are present in up to 30% of patients undergoing video EEG. Delay in PNES diagnosis is an average of 7.2years. Patients are exposed to costly, hazardous medications and other iatrogenic morbidities. Our aim was to investigate the ability to correctly diagnose ES from PNES in different groups and seniorities of medical professionals based on video alone. We showed ten video episodes' recordings (5 PNES, 5 ES) to doctors and nurses from ER, Internal Medicine ward and Neurology department, and inquired about the episodes' nature...
June 9, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602811/how-can-point-of-care-hba1c-testing-be-integrated-into-uk-primary-care-consultations-a-feasibility-study
#20
J A Hirst, R J Stevens, I Smith, T James, B C Gudgin, A J Farmer
AIMS: Point-of-care (POC) HbA1c testing gives a rapid result, allowing testing and treatment decisions to take place in a single appointment. Trials of POC testing have not been shown to improve HbA1c, possibly because of how testing was implemented. This study aimed to identify key components of POC HbA1c testing and determine strategies to optimise implementation in UK primary care. METHODS: This cohort feasibility study recruited thirty patients with type 2 diabetes and HbA1c>7...
May 18, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
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