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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077966/marital-relationship-parenting-practices-and-social-skills-development-in-preschool-children
#1
Rikuya Hosokawa, Toshiki Katsura
BACKGROUND: This study examined the pathways by which destructive and constructive marital conflict leading to social skills development in preschool children, are mediated through negative and positive parenting practices. METHODS: Mothers of 2931 Japanese children, aged 5-6 years, completed self-report questionnaires regarding their marital relationship (the Quality of co-parental communication scale) and parental practices (the Alabama parenting questionnaire)...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066793/characterizing-failure-to-establish-hepatitis-c-care-of-baby-boomers-diagnosed-in-the-emergency-department
#2
Ricardo A Franco, E Turner Overton, Ashutosh R Tamhane, Jordan M Forsythe, Joel B Rodgers, Julie K Schexnayder, Deanne Guthrie, Suneetha Thogaripally, Anne Zinski, Michael S Saag, Michael J Mugavero, Henry E Wang, James W Galbraith
BACKGROUND: Emergency departments (EDs) are high-yield sites for hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening, but data regarding linkage to care (LTC) determinants are limited. METHODS: Between September 2013 and June 2014, 4371 baby boomers unaware of their HCV status presented to the University of Alabama at Birmingham ED and underwent opt-out screening. A linkage coordinator facilitated referrals for positive cases. Demographic data, International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes, and clinic visits were collected, and patients were (retrospectively) followed up until February 2015...
October 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065635/meals-enhancing-nutrition-after-discharge-findings-from-a-pilot-randomized-controlled%C3%A2-trial
#3
David R Buys, Anthony D Campbell, Alice Godfryd, Kellie Flood, Elizabeth Kitchin, Meredith L Kilgore, Sally Allocca, Julie L Locher
BACKGROUND: After older adults experience episodes of poor health or are hospitalized, they may not return to premorbid or prehospitalization eating behaviors. Furthermore, poor nutrition increases hospital readmission risk, but evidence-based interventions addressing these risks are limited. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study's objective was to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled trial assessing a post-discharge home-delivered meal program's impact on older adults' nutritional intake and hospital readmissions and to assess patient acceptability and satisfaction with the program...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052061/integrated-genomic-characterization-of-oesophageal-carcinoma
#4
(no author information available yet)
Oesophageal cancers are prominent worldwide; however, there are few targeted therapies and survival rates for these cancers remain dismal. Here we performed a comprehensive molecular analysis of 164 carcinomas of the oesophagus derived from Western and Eastern populations. Beyond known histopathological and epidemiologic distinctions, molecular features differentiated oesophageal squamous cell carcinomas from oesophageal adenocarcinomas. Oesophageal squamous cell carcinomas resembled squamous carcinomas of other organs more than they did oesophageal adenocarcinomas...
January 4, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047744/we-a-201-01-memorial-introduction
#5
C Marshall
: Chris Marshall: Memorial Introduction Donald Edmonds Herbert Jr., or Don to his colleagues and friends, exemplified the "big tent" vision of medical physics, specializing in Applied Statistics and Dynamical Systems theory. He saw, more clearly than most, that "Making models is the difference between doing science and just fooling around [ref Woodworth, 2004]". Don developed an interest in chemistry at school by "reading a book" - a recurring theme in his story. He was awarded a Westinghouse Science scholarship and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (later Carnegie Mellon University) where his interest turned to physics and led to a BS in Physics after transfer to Northwestern University...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047091/we-a-201-02-modern-statistical-modeling
#6
A Niemierko
: Chris Marshall: Memorial Introduction Donald Edmonds Herbert Jr., or Don to his colleagues and friends, exemplified the "big tent" vision of medical physics, specializing in Applied Statistics and Dynamical Systems theory. He saw, more clearly than most, that "Making models is the difference between doing science and just fooling around [ref Woodworth, 2004]". Don developed an interest in chemistry at school by "reading a book" - a recurring theme in his story. He was awarded a Westinghouse Science scholarship and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (later Carnegie Mellon University) where his interest turned to physics and led to a BS in Physics after transfer to Northwestern University...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046561/we-a-201-00-anne-and-donald-herbert-distinguished-lectureship-on-modern-statistical-modeling
#7
Joseph Deasy
: Chris Marshall: Memorial Introduction Donald Edmonds Herbert Jr., or Don to his colleagues and friends, exemplified the "big tent" vision of medical physics, specializing in Applied Statistics and Dynamical Systems theory. He saw, more clearly than most, that "Making models is the difference between doing science and just fooling around [ref Woodworth, 2004]". Don developed an interest in chemistry at school by "reading a book" - a recurring theme in his story. He was awarded a Westinghouse Science scholarship and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (later Carnegie Mellon University) where his interest turned to physics and led to a BS in Physics after transfer to Northwestern University...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032260/engaging-an-urban-african-american-community-to-deliver-cognitive-health-education-to-breast-cancer-survivors
#8
Jennifer Bail, Timiya S Nolan, Jacqueline B Vo, Silvia Gisiger-Camata, Karen Meneses
Little is known about cognitive changes among African American (AA) breast cancer survivors (BCS). Here, we report our experience with engagement of leaders of urban AA churches in Birmingham, Alabama to deliver and evaluate Think Well: Healthy Living to Improve Cognitive Function, an educational cognitive health program for BCS. The Think Well team engaged leaders of urban AA churches using a 7-step process: 1) identify leaders, 2) develop connection with leaders, 3) assess AA community preferences, 4) tailor for cultural relevance, 5) plan seminars, 6) deliver seminars, and 7) evaluate cultural relevance and overall program quality...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030463/promoting-continuous-quality-improvement-in-the-alabama-child-health-improvement-alliance-through-q-sort-methodology-and-learning-collaboratives
#9
Matthew Fifolt, Julie Preskitt, Andrew Rucks, Kathryn Corvey, Elizabeth Cason Benton
OBJECTIVE: Q-sort methodology is an underutilized tool for differentiating among multiple priority measures. The authors describe steps to identify, delimit, and sort potential health measures and use selected priority measures to establish an overall agenda for continuous quality improvement (CQI) activities within learning collaboratives. METHODS: Through an iterative process, the authors vetted a list of potential child and adolescent health measures. Multiple stakeholders, including payers, direct care providers, and organizational representatives sorted and prioritized measures, using Q-methodology...
January 2017: Quality Management in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018689/cryptococcus-gattii-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#10
John W Amburgy, Joseph H Miller, Benjamin J Ditty, Patrick Vande Lune, Shaaf Muhammad, Winfield S Fisher
Cryptococcal infections are seen throughout the United States in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients. The most common form is C. neoformans. In the Northwestern United States, C. gattii has received considerable attention secondary to increased virulence resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. There are no cases in the extant literature describing a patient with C. gattii requiring neurosurgical intervention in Alabama. A middle-aged immunocompetent male with no recent travel or identifiable exposure presented with meningitis secondary to C...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018675/description-of-ictal-hfo-mapping-in-patients-with-both-temporal-and-extratemporal-seizure-focus
#11
Juan G Ochoa, Walter G Rusyniak
Objective. Review presurgical use of ictal HFO mapping to detect ictal activation areas with dual seizure focus in both the temporal and extratemporal cortex. Methods. Review of consecutive patients admitted to the University of South Alabama Epilepsy Monitoring Unit (SouthCEP) between January 2014 and October 2015, with suspected temporal lobe epilepsy and intracranial electrode recording. Ictal HFO localization was displayed in 3D reconstructed brain images using the patient's own coregistered magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) with the implanted electrodes...
2016: Neurology Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017910/nutrition-knowledge-and-mediterranean-diet-adherence-in-the-southeast-united-states-validation-of-a-field-based-survey-instrument
#12
Mary Rose Bottcher, Patricia Z Marincic, Katie L Nahay, Brittany E Baerlocher, Amy W Willis, Jieun Park, Philippe Gaillard, Michael W Greene
The Mediterranean diet (MD) can reduce chronic disease risk and is a recommended diet for prevention and management of diabetes. Adherence to the MD in the southeast United States where obesity and diabetes are highly prevalent is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to: 1) construct a survey instrument relevant to the general population integrating both MD related nutrition knowledge and adherence questions from previously validated instruments, and 2) assess MD related nutrition knowledge and adherence in a sample population in the southest United States...
December 23, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003567/a-new-species-of-spirorchis-maccallum-1918-digenea-schistosomatoidea-and-spirorchis-cf-scripta-from-chicken-turtle-deirochelys-reticularia-emydidae-with-an-emendation-and-molecular-phylogeny-of-spirorchis
#13
Jackson R Roberts, Raphael Orelis-Ribeiro, Kenneth M Halanych, Cova R Arias, Stephen A Bullard
Chicken turtles, Deirochelys reticularia (Latreille in Sonnini et Latreille) (Testudines: Emydidae) from Alabama, USA were infected by Spirorchis collinsi Roberts et Bullard sp. n. and Spirorchis cf. scripta. The new species is most easily differentiated from its congeners by the combination of having caeca that extend far beyond the genitalia, intercaecal genitalia positioned in the middle portion of the body, a testicular column that nearly abuts the caecal bifurcation, a cirrus sac positioned between the testes and ovary, a massive Mehlis' gland, an elongate, longitudinal metraterm that extends anteriad beyond the level of the ovary, a pre-ovarian genital pore, and a prominent, intercaecal Manter's organ...
December 20, 2016: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997132/chemical-characterization-of-water-soluble-organic-aerosol-in-contrasting-rural-and-urban-environments-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#14
Lu Xu, Hongyu Guo, Rodney J Weber, Nga Lee Ng
We developed a novel system for direct and online characterization of water-solubility of organic aerosol (OA) by coupling a Particle Into Liquid Sampler (PILS) to a High-Resolution Time-of-Flight Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (HR-ToF-AMS). We showed that approximately 88% and 77% of OA are water-soluble in rural Centreville, Alabama and urban Atlanta, Georgia, respectively. The water-solubility of OA factors, resolved with Positive Matrix Factorization analysis of AMS data, is directly investigated for the first time...
January 3, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988721/-i-cambarus-i-i-depressicambarus-i-i-clairitae-i-a-new-species-of-crayfish-decapoda-cambaridae-from-alabama-with-a-review-of-the-i-halli-i-group-in-the-subgenus-i-depressicambarus-i
#15
Guenter A Schuster, Christopher A Taylor
Cambarus (Depressicambarus) clairitae, new species, is an epigean crayfish from two drainages of the Locust Fork system in Blount and Jefferson counties, Alabama. It belongs to the halli Group in the subgenus Depressicambarus. The new species is morphologically most similar to Cambarus (Depressicambarus) englishi. They differ in a several morphological characters. Cambarus englishi has a more strongly recurved central projection, a wider areola, and a more distinct and set off rostral acumen than the new species...
November 15, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988532/a-new-species-of-crayfish-in-the-genus-i-orconectes-i-decapoda-cambaridae-from-the-tennessee-river-drainage-with-comments-on-and-key-to-members-of-the-i-o-juvenilis-i-species-complex
#16
Christopher A Taylor, Cody M Rhoden, Guenter A Schuster
The crayfish subgenus Procericambarus (genus Orconectes) found in the Eastern Highlands of the United States represents a rich assemblage of stream-dwelling macroinvertebrates. While the taxonomic status and distribution of its members were clarified in a previous study, newly diagnosed characters and newly collected specimens warranted a revision to previous hypotheses of Procericambarus membership in the southeastern United States. Using morphological characters, we describe herein a new species of crayfish occurring in the Tennessee River drainage of northern Alabama and southwestern Tennessee...
December 15, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984187/a-qualitative-study-of-southern-u-s-consumers-top-of-the-mind-beliefs-about-the-safety-of-local-beef
#17
Amy L Telligman, Michelle R Worosz, Christy L Bratcher
Following the Reasoned Action Approach, the aim of this study was to explore consumers' top-of-mind food safety beliefs about local beef. Beef consumers recruited from farmers' markets (N = 101) and grocery stores (N = 174) across the state of Alabama participated in face-to-face intercept surveys. The survey included closed- and open-ended questions designed to elicit consumers' food safety beliefs about local beef. Results indicate that beef safety was not a top-of-mind concern for a majority of participants, however of the total number of participants familiar with the term "local beef" (n = 168, 61%), a majority (n = 105, 63%) associated local beef with improved food safety...
February 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983690/a-review-of-the-tawny-crazy-ant-nylanderia-fulva-an-emergent-ant-invader-in-the-southern-united-states-is-biological-control-a-feasible-management-option
#18
REVIEW
Zinan Wang, Lori Moshman, Emily C Kraus, Blake E Wilson, Namoona Acharya, Rodrigo Diaz
The tawny crazy ant, Nylanderia fulva (Mayr) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), has invaded states of the U.S. including Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, and Georgia. Native to South America, N. fulva is considered a pest in the U.S. capable of annoying homeowners and farmers, as well as displacing native ant species. As it continues to expand its range, there is a growing need to develop novel management techniques to control the pest and prevent further spread. Current management efforts rely heavily on chemical control, but these methods have not been successful...
December 15, 2016: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957780/an-uhplc-ms-ms-quantitative-method-for-trace-analysis-of-potential-endocrine-disrupting-steroid-hormones-in-estuarine-sediments
#19
Vanisree Mulabagal, Caleb Wilson, Joel S Hayworth
RATIONALE: Estuaries are dynamic ecosystems, providing vital habitat for unique organisms of great ecological and commercial importance. The influx of natural and synthetic steroid hormones into estuaries poses risks to these organisms and to broader ecosystem health. However, detecting these trace level pollutants in estuarine water and sediment requires improved analytical techniques. METHODS: We describe an optimized UHPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneous quantitation of four classes of steroid hormones (estrogens, glucocorticoids, androgens and progestins) in sediment samples collected from an Alabama estuary...
December 13, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956724/natural-disasters-planning-for-psychological-first-aid
#20
Stephanie T Wynn
Natural disasters leave survivors suffering physically, psychologically, and spiritually. An EF4 tornado on April 27, 2011, in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, known as April's Fury, raised the question of how mental health practitioners (MHPs) might respond to address psychological needs, rather than being exclusively assigned to offer physical support immediately following a disaster. This article proposes planning ahead for MHPs to provide psychological first aid (PFA) in the immediate aftermath of a catastrophe. Combating psychological issues early will hopefully help reduce the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or prolonged grief disorder (PGD) in survivors...
January 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
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