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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526253/racial-ethnic-differences-in-sleep-quality-among-older-adults-with-osteoarthritis
#1
Patricia A Parmelee, Brian S Cox, Jason A DeCaro, Francis J Keefe, Dylan M Smith
OBJECTIVE: To examine racial/ethnic differences in sleep quality and the pain-sleep association among older adults with osteoarthritis of the knee. DESIGN: Baseline interview followed by a 7-day microlongitudinal study using accelerometry and self-reports. SETTING: Participants were community residents in western Alabama and Long Island, NY. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-six African Americans (AAs) and 128 non-Hispanic whites (NHWs) with physician-diagnosed knee osteoarthritis, recruited from a variety of clinical and community settings...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522617/-increased-need-to-find-the-cause-of-alabama-rot
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520950/a-novel-economical-way-to-assess-virulence-in-field-populations-of-hessian-fly-diptera-cecidomyiidae-utilizing-wheat-resistance-gene-h13-as-a-model
#3
Alisha J Johnson, Hossam E M Abdel Moniem, Kathy L Flanders, G David Buntin, Francis P F Reay-Jones, Dominic Reisig, Jeffery J Stuart, Subhashree Subramanyam, Richard H Shukle, Brandon J Schemerhorn
Mayetiola destructor (Say) is a serious pest of wheat, Triticum aestivum L., in North America, North Africa, and Central Asia. Singly deployed resistance genes in wheat cultivars have provided effective management of Hessian fly populations for >50 yr. Thirty-five H genes have been documented. Defense mediated by the H gene constitutes strong selection on the Hessian fly population, killing 100% of larvae. A mutation in a matching Hessian fly avirulence gene confers virulence to the H gene, leading to survival on the resistant plant...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520896/laser-assisted-indocyanine-green-dye-angiography-for-postoperative-fistulas-after-salvage-laryngectomy
#4
Erin J Partington, Lindsay S Moore, Russel Kahmke, Jason M Warram, William Carroll, Eben L Rosenthal, Benjamin J Greene
Importance: Pharyngocutaneous fistula formation is an unfortunate complication after salvage laryngectomy for head and neck cancer that is difficult to anticipate and related to a variety of factors, including the viability of native pharyngeal mucosa. Objective: To examine whether noninvasive angiography with indocyanine green (ICG) dye can be used to evaluate native pharyngeal vascularity to anticipate pharyngocutaneous fistula development. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included 37 patients enrolled from June 1, 2013, to June 1, 2016, and follow-up was for at least 1 month postoperatively...
May 18, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520707/using-molecular-characterization-to-support-investigations-of-aquatic-facility-associated-outbreaks-of-cryptosporidiosis-alabama-arizona-and-ohio-2016
#5
Michele C Hlavsa, Dawn M Roellig, Matthew H Seabolt, Amy M Kahler, Jennifer L Murphy, Taishayla K McKitt, Evelyn F Geeter, Ron Dawsey, Sherri L Davidson, Thuy N Kim, Theresa H Tucker, Sally Ann Iverson, Brenna Garrett, Nicole Fowle, Jennifer Collins, Gregory Epperson, Scott Zusy, Joli R Weiss, Ken Komatsu, Edwin Rodriguez, J Gage Patterson, Rebecca Sunenshine, Brandi Taylor, Katie Cibulskas, Lynn Denny, Keoni Omura, Boris Tsorin, Kathleen E Fullerton, Lihua Xiao
Cryptosporidiosis is a nationally notifiable gastrointestinal illness caused by parasitic protozoa of the genus Cryptosporidium, which can cause profuse, watery diarrhea that can last up to 2-3 weeks in immunocompetent patients and can lead to life-threatening wasting and malabsorption in immunocompromised patients. Fecal-oral transmission of Cryptosporidium oocysts, the parasite's infectious life stage, occurs via ingestion of contaminated recreational water, drinking water, or food, or following contact with infected persons or animals, particularly preweaned bovine calves (1)...
May 19, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520574/orthotopic-liver-transplantation-changes-the-course-of-gastric-antral-vascular-ectasia-a-case-series-from-a-transplant-center
#6
Chaitanya Allamneni, Basem Alkurdi, Rehan Naseemuddin, Brendan M McGuire, Mohamed G Shoreibah, Devin E Eckhoff, Shajan Peter
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Gastric antral vascular ectasia (GAVE) is an important cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding and anemia in patients with cirrhosis. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) on GAVE and associated anemia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a chart review and identified all cirrhotic patients with GAVE who underwent OLT at the University Of Alabama at Birmingham between 2005 and 2013. Population's demographics, etiology of cirrhosis, comorbidities, presentation and treatment modalities of GAVE, endoscopic and histopathologic reports, hemoglobin values before and after transplant, and immunosuppressive regimens were collected...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516858/southern-women-at-risk-narratives-of-familial-and-social-hiv-risk-in-justice-involved-u-s-women-in-alabama
#7
Courtenay Sprague, Bharathi Radhakrishnan, Shelley Brown, Theresa Sommers, David W Pantalone
Justice-involved HIV-positive women, particularly those in the U.S. South, are a hidden, understudied population. Little work has explored their psychosocial histories in relation to their HIV risk. We conducted a content analysis of their life history narratives from childhood to present, via in-depth interviews with 24 such women in 2 Alabama cities. Findings included the following: (a) In childhood/adolescence, consistent HIV risk factors were present, beginning with early sexual abuse and induction into alcohol/substance use; (b) By early adulthood, HIV and incarceration risks were compounded in social settings, through cyclical substance use, revictimization, and reoffending;...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514081/weight-loss-and-improved-metabolic-outcomes-amongst-rural-african-american-women-in-the-deep-south-six-month-outcomes-from-a-community-based-randomized-trial
#8
J D Ard, T L Carson, J M Shikany, Y Li, C M Hardy, J C Robinson, A G Williams, M L Baskin
BACKGROUND: Obesity is highly prevalent in African American women, especially those in the rural southern USA, resulting in persistent health disparities. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of an evidence-based behavioural weight loss intervention delivered by community health advisors to African American women in the rural south. DESIGN AND METHODS: Overweight or obese African American women (30-70 years) from eight counties in Mississippi and Alabama participated in a 24-month randomized controlled trial of an evidence-based behavioural weight loss programme augmented with community strategies to support healthy lifestyles (Weight Loss Plus, N = 154) compared to the weight loss programme alone (Weight Loss Only, N = 255)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506545/travel-for-abortion-services-in-alabama-and-delays-obtaining-care
#9
Kari White, Janet M Turan, Daniel Grossman
BACKGROUND: In 2013, Alabama required women seeking abortion to have a consultation visit followed by a 24-hour waiting period. These requirements may adversely affect return for timely care among those traveling long distances for services. METHODS: Using de-identified billing data from two Alabama clinics for all abortion encounters in 2013, we calculated the distance traveled from women's residential zip code and the number of days between their in-person consultation and procedure visits...
May 12, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501416/digoxin-and-30-day-all-cause-readmission-in-long-term-care-residents-hospitalized-for-heart-failure
#10
Helen M Sheriff, Manik R Thogaripally, Gurusher Panjrath, Cherinne Arundel, Qing Zeng, Gregg C Fonarow, Javed Butler, Ross D Fletcher, Charity Morgan, Marc R Blackman, Prakash Deedwania, Thomas E Love, Wilbert S Aronow, Stefan D Anker, Richard M Allman, Ali Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Digoxin use has been shown to be associated with a lower risk of 30-day all-cause hospital readmissions in older patients with heart failure (HF). In the current study, we examined this association among long-term care (LTC) residents hospitalized for HF. METHODS: Of the 8049 Medicare beneficiaries discharged alive after hospitalization for HF from 106 Alabama hospitals, 545 (7%) were LTC residents, of which 227 (42%) received discharge prescriptions for digoxin...
May 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500230/conjunctival-lymphangiectasia-associated-with-classic-fabry-disease
#11
Melanie D Sivley, Eric L Wallace, David G Warnock, William J Benjamin
BACKGROUND: Fabry disease (FD) is a treatable multisystem disease caused by a defect in the alpha-galactosidase gene. Ocular signs of FD, including corneal verticillata, are among the earliest diagnostic findings. Conjunctival lymphangiectasia (CL) has not previously been associated with FD. METHODS: We examined the eyes of a cohort of 13 adult patients, eight men and five women, with documented classic FD, all treated with enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) at the University of Alabama at Birmingham between February 2014 and April 2015...
May 12, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489717/coliphages-and-gastrointestinal-illness-in-recreational-waters-pooled-analysis-of-six-coastal-beach-cohorts
#12
Jade Benjamin-Chung, Benjamin F Arnold, Timothy J Wade, Kenneth Schiff, John F Griffith, Alfred P Dufour, Stephen B Weisberg, John M Colford
BACKGROUND: Coliphages have been proposed as indicators of fecal contamination in recreational waters because they better mimic the persistence of pathogenic viruses in the environment and wastewater treatment than fecal indicator bacteria. We estimated the association between coliphages and gastrointestinal illness and compared it to the association with culturable enterococci. METHODS: We pooled data from six prospective cohort studies that enrolled coastal beachgoers in California, Alabama, and Rhode Island...
May 9, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482758/lesions-caused-by-virulent-aeromonas-hydrophila-in-farmed-catfish-ictalurus-punctatus-and-i-punctatus-%C3%A3-i-furcatus-in-mississippi
#13
Wes A Baumgartner, Lorelei Ford, Larry Hanson
In 2009, a virulent strain of Aeromonas hydrophila caused severe disease and high mortalities (motile aeromonad septicemia variant [MASv]) in farmed channel catfish ( Ictalurus punctatus) and hybrid catfish ( I. punctatus × I. furcatus) in eastern Mississippi and Alabama. As is common in MAS, there is severe hemorrhagic dermatitis with ulceration, as well as abdominal hyperemia, petechiation, and mild ascites. Additional findings in MASv cases include panophthalmitis and orbital cellulitis, leading to ocular rupture, and brains are often hyperemic with mild random acute hemorrhage...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482282/effects-of-ambient-exposure-refrigeration-and-icing-on-vibrio-vulnificus-and-vibrio-parahaemolyticus-abundances-in-oysters
#14
J L Jones, K A Lydon, T P Kinsey, B Friedman, M Curtis, R Schuster, J C Bowers
Vibrio vulnificus (Vv) and V. parahaemolyticus (Vp) illnesses are typically acquired through the consumption of raw molluscan shellfish, particularly oysters. As Vibrio spp. are naturally-occurring bacteria, one means of mitigation of illness is achieved by limiting post-harvest growth. In this study, effects of ambient air storage, refrigeration, and icing of oysters on Vibrio spp. abundances were examined at two sites in Alabama (AL) [Dog River (DR) and Cedar Point (CP)] and one site in Delaware Bay, New Jersey (NJ)...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475718/within-plant-distribution-and-dynamics-of-thrips-species-thysanoptera-thripidae-in-cotton
#15
Francis P F Reay-Jones, Jeremy K Greene, D Ames Herbert, Alana L Jacobson, George G Kennedy, Dominic D Reisig, Phillip M Roberts
A 2-yr study in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) was conducted to determine the abundance and species composition of thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on different plant parts throughout the season in Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia. Plant parts sampled included seedlings, terminals with two expanded leaves, leaves from the upper, middle, and lower sections of the canopy, white flowers, and medium-sized bolls. Adult thrips were significantly more abundant on seedlings and flowers in 2014, and on flowers followed by seedlings and leaves from the middle canopy in 2015...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464175/risky-teen-driving-in-a-rural-southern-state
#16
Kathy Monroe, William Hardwick, Victoria Lawson, Elizabeth Nichols, Michele Nichols, William D King
OBJECTIVE: Alabama is one of the five US states with the highest teen driving mortality. We recruited teen drivers to participate in a questionnaire regarding high-risk driving behaviors. METHODS: Teens were recruited from a large county school system to participate in a voluntary anonymous survey. Questions were taken in part from the National Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Descriptive statistics and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 1023 teen drivers participated (46% boys, 47% African American, 39% white, 6% Latino, and 7% other)...
May 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450813/self-reported-general-health-physical-distress-mental-distress-and-activity-limitation-by-us-county-1995-2012
#17
Laura Dwyer-Lindgren, Johan P Mackenbach, Frank J van Lenthe, Ali H Mokdad
BACKGROUND: Metrics based on self-reports of health status have been proposed for tracking population health and making comparisons among different populations. While these metrics have been used in the US to explore disparities by sex, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic position, less is known about how self-reported health varies geographically. This study aimed to describe county-level trends in the prevalence of poor self-reported health and to assess the face validity of these estimates...
2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448669/prevalence-of-undiagnosed-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-primary-eye-care
#18
David C Neely, Kevin J Bray, Carrie E Huisingh, Mark E Clark, Gerald McGwin, Cynthia Owsley
Importance: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible vision impairment in older adults in the United States, yet little is known about whether AMD is appropriately diagnosed in primary eye care. Objectives: To examine the prevalence of eyes with AMD in patients seen in primary eye care clinics who purportedly have normal macular health per their medical record and the association of AMD with patient and physician characteristics...
April 27, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448488/the-potential-economic-burden-of-zika-in-the-continental-united-states
#19
Bruce Y Lee, Jorge A Alfaro-Murillo, Alyssa S Parpia, Lindsey Asti, Patrick T Wedlock, Peter J Hotez, Alison P Galvani
BACKGROUND: As the Zika virus epidemic continues to spread internationally, countries such as the United States must determine how much to invest in prevention, control, and response. Fundamental to these decisions is quantifying the potential economic burden of Zika under different scenarios. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPLE FINDINGS: To inform such decision making, our team developed a computational model to forecast the potential economic burden of Zika across six states in the US (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas) which are at greatest risk of Zika emergence, under a wide range of attack rates, scenarios and circumstances...
April 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446196/self-reported-general-health-physical-distress-mental-distress-and-activity-limitation-by-us-county-1995-2012
#20
Laura Dwyer-Lindgren, Johan P Mackenbach, Frank J van Lenthe, Ali H Mokdad
BACKGROUND: Metrics based on self-reports of health status have been proposed for tracking population health and making comparisons among different populations. While these metrics have been used in the US to explore disparities by sex, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic position, less is known about how self-reported health varies geographically. This study aimed to describe county-level trends in the prevalence of poor self-reported health and to assess the face validity of these estimates...
April 26, 2017: Population Health Metrics
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