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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219347/aquaculture-genomics-genetics-and-breeding-in-the-united-states-current-status-challenges-and-priorities-for-future-research
#1
EDITORIAL
Hisham Abdelrahman, Mohamed ElHady, Acacia Alcivar-Warren, Standish Allen, Rafet Al-Tobasei, Lisui Bao, Ben Beck, Harvey Blackburn, Brian Bosworth, John Buchanan, Jesse Chappell, William Daniels, Sheng Dong, Rex Dunham, Evan Durland, Ahmed Elaswad, Marta Gomez-Chiarri, Kamal Gosh, Ximing Guo, Perry Hackett, Terry Hanson, Dennis Hedgecock, Tiffany Howard, Leigh Holland, Molly Jackson, Yulin Jin, Karim Kahlil, Thomas Kocher, Tim Leeds, Ning Li, Lauren Lindsey, Shikai Liu, Zhanjiang Liu, Kyle Martin, Romi Novriadi, Ramjie Odin, Yniv Palti, Eric Peatman, Dina Proestou, Guyu Qin, Benjamin Reading, Caird Rexroad, Steven Roberts, Mohamed Salem, Andrew Severin, Huitong Shi, Craig Shoemaker, Sheila Stiles, Suxu Tan, Kathy F J Tang, Wilawan Thongda, Terrence Tiersch, Joseph Tomasso, Wendy Tri Prabowo, Roger Vallejo, Hein van der Steen, Khoi Vo, Geoff Waldbieser, Hanping Wang, Xiaozhu Wang, Jianhai Xiang, Yujia Yang, Roger Yant, Zihao Yuan, Qifan Zeng, Tao Zhou
Advancing the production efficiency and profitability of aquaculture is dependent upon the ability to utilize a diverse array of genetic resources. The ultimate goals of aquaculture genomics, genetics and breeding research are to enhance aquaculture production efficiency, sustainability, product quality, and profitability in support of the commercial sector and for the benefit of consumers. In order to achieve these goals, it is important to understand the genomic structure and organization of aquaculture species, and their genomic and phenomic variations, as well as the genetic basis of traits and their interrelationships...
February 20, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209338/the-pharmacist-role-in-the-development-and-implementation-of-a-naloxone-prescription-program-in-alabama
#2
Jordan L Wulz, Hanna Sung, B DeeAnn Dugan, Terri M Wensel, Roger Lander, Bryn Manzella
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to describe the development and implementation of a pharmacist-led naloxone-training and prescription service at a county health department. SETTING: Jefferson County Department of Health, Birmingham, Alabama. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: This service was developed in response to the overwhelming heroin and opioid epidemic that is currently affecting the entire nation and which is highly prevalent in the state of Alabama...
February 10, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186476/risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infection-following-nonshunt-pediatric-neurosurgery-a-review-of-9296-procedures-from-a-national-database-and-comparison-with-a-single-center-experience
#3
Brandon A Sherrod, Anastasia A Arynchyna, James M Johnston, Curtis J Rozzelle, Jeffrey P Blount, W Jerry Oakes, Brandon G Rocque
OBJECTIVE Surgical site infection (SSI) following CSF shunt operations has been well studied, yet risk factors for nonshunt pediatric neurosurgery are less well understood. The purpose of this study was to determine SSI rates and risk factors following nonshunt pediatric neurosurgery using a nationwide patient cohort and an institutional data set specifically for better understanding SSI. METHODS The authors reviewed the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric (ACS NSQIP-P) database for the years 2012-2014, including all neurosurgical procedures performed on pediatric patients except CSF shunts and hematoma evacuations...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177855/retraction-of-unlocking-past-emotion-verb-use-affects-mood-and-happiness
#4
(no author information available yet)
The following article has been retracted by the Editor and publishers of Psychological Science: Hart, W. (2013). Unlocking past emotion: Verb use affects mood and happiness. Psychological Science, 24, 19-26. doi: 10.1177/0956797612446351 The retraction follows an investigation by the University of Alabama's Office for Research Compliance. That investigation found that a former graduate student in William Hart's lab altered the data in strategic ways. The investigation found that William Hart was unaware when the article was published that the data had been manipulated...
February 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167421/self-reported-vs-state-recorded-motor-vehicle-collisions-among-older-community-dwelling-individuals
#5
B A Singletary, A N Do, J P Donnelly, C Huisingh, M T Mefford, R Modi, F L Mondesir, Y Ye, C Owsley, G McGwin
INTRODUCTION: Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) continue to place an increased burden on both individuals and health care systems. Self-reported and state-recorded police reports are the most common methods for MVC evaluation in epidemiologic studies, with varying degrees of agreement of information when compared in previous studies. The objective of the current study is to address the differences in MVC reporting and provide a more robust measure of the agreement between self-reported and state-recorded MVCs in a community dwelling population of older adults...
February 3, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162784/considering-disparities-how-do-nurse-practitioner-regulatory-policies-access-to-care-and-health-outcomes-vary-across-four-states
#6
Andréa Sonenberg, Hillary J Knepper
Health disparities persist among morbidity and mortality rates in the United States. Contributing significantly to these disparities are the ability to pay for health care (largely, access to health insurance) and access to, and capacity of, the primary care health workforce. This article examines key determinants of health (DOH) including demographics, public and regulatory policies, health workforce capacity, and primary health outcomes of four states of the United States. The context of this study is the potential association among health care disparities and myriad DOH, among them, the restrictive nurse practitioner (NP) scope of practice (SOP) regulatory environment, which are documented to influence access to care and health outcomes...
November 1, 2016: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161135/temporomandibular-total-joint-prosthesis-infections-a-ten-year-retrospective-analysis
#7
W S McKenzie, P J Louis
A retrospective review of 178 total temporomandibular joint replacements (TJR) performed on 106 patients at the University of Alabama at Birmingham during the years 2000-2010 was completed. Data regarding sex, past medical history, prosthesis manufacturer, microbiology, antibiotic therapy, and the need for additional procedures were obtained from the medical records of patients who developed a prosthetic joint infection following TJR. Of the 106 patients, 95 (89.6%) were female and 11 (10.4%) were male. The average age of the patients was 47 years (range 19-68 years)...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156138/effects-of-optimism-on-recovery-and-mental-health-after-a-tornado-outbreak
#8
Eric G Carbone, Erin Thomas Echols
OBJECTIVE: Dispositional optimism, a stable expectation that good things will happen, has been shown to improve health outcomes in a wide range of contexts, but very little research has explored the impact of optimism on post-disaster health and well-being. DESIGN: Data for this study come from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Public health systems and mental health community recovery (PHSMHCR) Survey. Participants included 3216 individuals living in counties affected by the April 2011 tornado outbreak in Mississippi and Alabama...
February 3, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152945/choosing-wisely-opportunities-for-improving-value-of-cancer-care-in-the-deep-south
#9
Gabrielle Betty Rocque, Kelly Kenzik, Bradford E Jackson, Yufeng Li, Aras Acemgil, Richard A Taylor, Terri Salter, Edward E Partridge
: 13 Background: Under the Choosing Wisely (CW) Campaign, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and the American Society of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO) recommend against non-evidence-based costly medications, tests, and procedures. CW recommendation adherence in the Deep South is largely unknown, and opportunities to reduce overuse and costs may exist. METHODS: Analysis of administrative claims and tumor registry data from 12 cancer centers of the University of Alabama Health System Cancer Community Network, for Medicare beneficiaries ≥65 years old with cancer...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152748/patient-activation-measures-distress-levels-and-causes-of-distress-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#10
Emily Van Laar, Uma Borate, Bradford E Jackson, Maria Pisu, Pamela M Peters, Thomas Wayne Butler, Randall S Davis, Amitkumar Mehta, Aras Acemgil, Sara J Knight, Monika M Safford, Gabrielle Betty Rocque
: 201 Background: Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) reporting high levels of distress due to knowledge gaps and emotional concerns can have negative outcomes and suffer from lower quality of life. Understanding patients' activation levels, causes of distress, knowledge gaps, and psychosocial needs are crucial in high quality care. Optimally activated, educated and empowered patients are better positioned to communicate effectively with providers regarding selection of, and adherence to, CLL treatment protocols and long-term care plans, and potentially improving quality of life...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152701/shared-decision-making-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-preferences-and-perceptions-of-patients-providers-and-navigators
#11
Emily Van Laar, Uma Borate, Karina I Halilova, Pamela M Peters, Bradford E Jackson, Maria Pisu, Thomas Wayne Butler, Randall S Davis, Amitkumar Mehta, Aras Acemgil, Sara J Knight, Monika M Safford
: 221 Background: In recent years, new treatments for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with excellent response rates and varying toxicity profiles have emerged. In the setting of multiple available options, shared decision-making is critical. Developing strategies to enhance shared decision-making requires better understanding of how patients and providers make treatment decisions. METHODS: Patients with CLL and health care providers within the University of Alabama at Birmingham Health System Cancer Community Network were to assess how treatment decisions are made...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152175/life-space-assessment-predicts-hospital-readmission-in-home-limited-adults
#12
Roya Fathi, Peter Bacchetti, Mary N Haan, Thomas K Houston, Kanan Patel, Christine S Ritchie
OBJECTIVES: To describe the association between restricted life-space and characteristics of community-dwelling adults hospitalized for congestive heart failure (CHF) or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), to estimate the effect of hospitalization on postdischarge mobility, and to determine whether baseline restricted life-space predicts hospital readmission. DESIGN: Observational. SETTING: Urban academic hospital that serves as a safety net for urban and rural populations with low resources and serves central and northern Alabama...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152168/life-space-mobility-change-predicts-6-month-mortality
#13
Richard E Kennedy, Patricia Sawyer, Courtney P Williams, Alexander X Lo, Christine S Ritchie, David L Roth, Richard M Allman, Cynthia J Brown
OBJECTIVES: To examine 6-month change in life-space mobility as a predictor of subsequent 6-month mortality in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Community-dwelling older adults from five Alabama counties in the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) Study of Aging. PARTICIPANTS: A random sample of 1,000 Medicare beneficiaries, stratified according to sex, race, and rural or urban residence, recruited between November 1999 and February 2001, followed by a telephone interview every 6 months for the subsequent 8...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141934/an-assessment-of-the-chip-medicaid-quality-measure-for-adhd
#14
Justin Blackburn, David J Becker, Michael A Morrisey, Meredith L Kilgore, Bisakha Sen, Cathy Caldwell, Nir Menachemi
OBJECTIVES: We analyzed a standard children's quality measure for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using data from a single state to understand the characteristics of those meeting the measure, potential barriers to meeting the measure, and how meeting the measure affected outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study using claims from Alabama's Children's Health Insurance Program from 1999 to 2012. METHODS: We calculated the quality measure for ADHD care, as specified within CMS' Child Core Set and with an expanded denominator...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140644/serologic-survey-for-antibodies-against-three-genotypes-of-bovine-parainfluenza-3-virus-in-unvaccinated-ungulates-in-alabama
#15
Benjamin W Newcomer, John D Neill, Patricia K Galik, Kay P Riddell, Yijing Zhang, Thomas Passler, Binu T Velayudhan, Paul H Walz
OBJECTIVE To determine titers of serum antibodies against 3 genotypes of bovine parainfluenza 3 virus (BPI3V) in unvaccinated ungulates in Alabama. ANIMALS 62 cattle, goats, and New World camelids from 5 distinct herds and 21 captured white-tailed deer. PROCEDURES Serum samples were obtained from all animals for determination of anti-BPI3V antibody titers, which were measured by virus neutralization assays that used indicator (reference) viruses from each of the 3 BPI3V genotypes (BPI3V-A, BPI3V-B, and BPI3V-C)...
February 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135390/improving-quality-outcomes-in-veteran-centric-care
#16
Tristan T Tave, Daniel R Wyers, Catherine Schreiber-Jones, Susanne A Fogger, Teena M McGuinness
The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) School of Nursing and the Birmingham Veterans Affairs Medical Center (BVAMC) created a Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP) Residency Continuity Clinic tasked with providing Veteran-centric mental health outpatient treatment informed by measurement-based care (MBC) to provide quality outcomes. Approved by the BVAMC, the UAB Institutional Review Board also approved and exempted the project as quality improvement. PMHNP residents administered the Patient Stress Questionnaire (PSQ)-an MBC tool that incorporates validated tools for assessing depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress, alcohol use, and pain-to each Veteran from March to August 2016...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130472/long-term-functional-outcome-in-patients-with-acquired-infections-after-acute-spinal-cord-injury
#17
Marcel A Kopp, Ralf Watzlawick, Peter Martus, Vieri Failli, Felix W Finkenstaedt, Yuying Chen, Michael J DeVivo, Ulrich Dirnagl, Jan M Schwab
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether prevalent hospital-acquired pneumonia and wound infection affect the clinical long-term outcome after acute traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: This was a longitudinal cohort study within the prospective multicenter National Spinal Cord Injury Database (Birmingham, Alabama). We screened datasets of 3,834 patients enrolled in 20 trial centers from 1995 to 2005 followed up until 2016. Eligibility criteria were cervical SCI and American Spinal Cord Injury Association impairment scale A, B, and C...
January 27, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125911/impact-of-louisiana-s-hpv-vaccine-awareness-policy-on-hpv-vaccination-among-13-to-17-year-old-females
#18
Dudith Pierre-Victor, Mary Jo Trepka, Timothy F Page, Tan Li, Dionne P Stephens, Purnima Madhivanan
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends routine human papillomavirus (HPV) immunization for 11- to 12-year-old adolescents. In 2008, Louisiana required the school boards to distribute HPV vaccine information to parents or guardian of students in Grades 6 to 12. This article investigates the impact of this policy on HPV vaccination among 13- to 17-year-old female adolescents using National Immunization Survey-Teen (NIS-Teen) data. Drawing on the data from the 2008 to 2012 NIS-Teen, we compared the difference in proportions of females who have been vaccinated before and after the policy...
January 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125760/resource-use-and-medicare-costs-during-lay-navigation-for-geriatric-patients-with-cancer
#19
Gabrielle B Rocque, Maria Pisu, Bradford E Jackson, Elizabeth A Kvale, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Michelle Y Martin, Karen Meneses, Yufeng Li, Richard A Taylor, Aras Acemgil, Courtney P Williams, Nedra Lisovicz, Mona Fouad, Kelly M Kenzik, Edward E Partridge
Importance: Lay navigators in the Patient Care Connect Program support patients with cancer from diagnosis through survivorship to end of life. They empower patients to engage in their health care and navigate them through the increasingly complex health care system. Navigation programs can improve access to care, enhance coordination of care, and overcome barriers to timely, high-quality health care. However, few data exist regarding the financial implications of implementing a lay navigation program...
January 26, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124392/precision-medicine-at-the-university-of-alabama-at-birmingham-laying-the-foundational-processes-through-implementation-of-genotype-guided-antiplatelet-therapy
#20
REVIEW
Shuko Harada, Yaolin Zhou, Steve Duncan, Alicia R Armstead, Gina M Coshatt, Chrisly Dillon, Brigitta C Brott, James Willig, Jorge A Alsip, William B Hillegass, Nita A Limdi
Despite evidence that genotype-guided therapy (GGTx) can improve outcomes, advances in genotyping technology and decreasing costs, integration into practice is limited. We describe a successful implementation framework using genotype-guided antiplatelet therapy as an example. We outline how we developed consensus across stakeholders, obtained institutional endorsement, built genotyping capability, and provide decision support to guide treatment selection; and demonstrate how to leverage such efforts to assess clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness and bolster research infrastructure...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
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