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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346340/disparities-in-preconception-health-indicators-%C3%A2-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2013-2015-and-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system-2013-2014
#1
Cheryl Robbins, Sheree L Boulet, Isabel Morgan, Denise V D'Angelo, Lauren B Zapata, Brian Morrow, Andrea Sharma, Charlan D Kroelinger
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Preconception health is a broad term that encompasses the overall health of nonpregnant women during their reproductive years (defined here as aged 18-44 years). Improvement of both birth outcomes and the woman's health occurs when preconception health is optimized. Improving preconception health before and between pregnancies is critical for reducing maternal and infant mortality and pregnancy-related complications. The National Preconception Health and Health Care Initiative's Surveillance and Research work group suggests ten prioritized indicators that states can use to monitor programs or activities for improving the preconception health status of women of reproductive age...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333348/a-new-species-of-cretalamna-sensu-stricto-lamniformes-otodontidae-from-the-late-cretaceous-santonian-campanian-of-alabama-usa
#2
Jun A Ebersole, Dana J Ehret
Decades of collecting from exposures of the Upper Cretaceous Tombigbee Sand Member of the Eutaw Formation and Mooreville Chalk in Alabama, USA has produced large numbers of isolated Cretalamna (sensu stricto) teeth. Many of these teeth had formerly been assigned to the extinct Late Cretaceous shark Cretalamna appendiculata (Agassiz, 1843), a taxon that is now considered largely restricted to the Turonian of Europe. Recent studies have shed light on the diversity of Late Cretaceous Cretalamna (s.s.) taxa, and here we recognize a new species from Alabama, Cretalamna bryanti...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329167/a-physician-s-recommendation-for-hpv-vaccination-what-makes-african-american-mothers-compliant
#3
Jennifer L Cunningham-Erves, Kendria D Kelly-Taylor, Tilicia L Mayo-Gamble, Jason A Deakings, Laura L Talbott
BACKGROUND: Improving HPV vaccination among African American (AA) female adolescents to reduce the cervical cancer burden is important and cost-effective. The study objective is to identify factors most influential to AA mothers' likelihood to comply with a physician's recommendation to get their daughters the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey. Participants were recruited through online and community sites (i.e. schools, community centers, etc...
January 11, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325657/my-quest-an-intervention-using-text-messaging-to-improve-dietary-and-physical-activity-behaviors-and-promote-weight-loss-in-low-income-women
#4
Jamie B Griffin, Barb Struempler, Katie Funderburk, Sondra M Parmer, Cecilia Tran, Danielle D Wadsworth
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in dietary and physical activity behaviors and weight after implementation of a 12-week text messaging initiative (My Quest). DESIGN: The researchers conducted a 1-group, pre- to posttest study design to determine changes after implementation of a text messaging initiative developed using the tenets of the Social Cognitive Theory. SETTING: A total of 55 Alabama counties (84% rural) with high rates of poverty, overweight/obesity, and chronic diseases...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319585/which-us-states-pose-the-greatest-threats-to-military-readiness-and-public-health-public-health-policy-implications-for-a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-body-mass-index-and-injuries-among-us-army-recruits
#5
Daniel B Bornstein, George L Grieve, Morgan N Clennin, Alexander C McLain, Laurie P Whitsel, Michael W Beets, Keith G Hauret, Bruce H Jones, Mark A Sarzynski
OBJECTIVE: Many states in the southern region of the United States are recognized for higher rates of obesity, physical inactivity, and chronic disease. These states are therefore recognized for their disproportionate public health burden. The purpose of this study was to investigate state-level distributions of cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index (BMI), and injuries among US Army recruits in order to determine whether or not certain states may also pose disproportionate threats to military readiness and national security...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319453/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-antidepressant-therapy-adjuvant-to-gabapentin-and-pregabalin-for-treatment-of-sci-related-neuropathic-pain
#6
Emily Carol McKinley, Elizabeth J Richardson, Gerald McGwin, Jie Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if a combination of anticonvulsant and antidepressant, two primary therapies for neuropathic pain, is associated with improved pain control compared to individual therapy. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study Setting: The University of Alabama at Birmingham Rehabilitation Center In-patient Program between 2012 and 2015. PARTICIPANTS: Incident SCI cases, 19-65 years of age. OUTCOMES: Bryce-Ragnarsson pain classification scheme and the Numerical Rating Scale Results: Twenty-nine eligible patients completed 6-month follow-up; their average age was 36...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311536/historical-origins-of-the-tuskegee-experiment-the-dilemma-of-public-health-in-the-united-states
#7
Jinbin Park
The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male was an observational study on African-American males in Tuskegee, Alabama between 1932 and 1972. The U. S. Public Health Service ran this study on more than 300 people without notifying the participants about their disease nor treating them even after the introduction of penicillin. The study included recording the progress of disease and performing an autopsy on the deaths. This paper explores historical backgrounds enabled this infamous study, and discusses three driving forces behind the Tuskegee Study...
December 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310875/comparison-of-the-mechanical-properties-of-translucent-zirconia-and-lithium-disilicate
#8
Sung Joon Kwon, Nathaniel C Lawson, Edward E McLaren, Amir H Nejat, John O Burgess
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Three mol% yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (3Y-TZP) possesses excellent mechanical properties but is relatively opaque. Five mol% yttria-stabilized zirconia polycrystal (5Y-ZP) offers improved translucency, but many of its clinical properties have not been compared with those of 3Y-TZP and lithium disilicate. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the flexural strength, translucency parameter, bond strength, and enamel and material wear of 5Y-ZP (Katana UTML) with 3Y-TZP (Katana HT) and lithium disilicate (e...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309392/impact-of-medication-adherence-on-health-services-utilization-in-medicaid
#9
Mark C Roebuck, Robert J Kaestner, Julia S Dougherty
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of adherence to chronic disease medications on health services utilization among Medicaid enrollees. SUBJECTS: Eligibility, claims, and encounter data from the Medicaid Analytic Extract files from 10 states (Alabama, California, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, and Virginia) were used to construct a 3-year (2008-2010), longitudinal dataset of Medicaid recipients 18-64 years of age, including 656,646 blind/disabled individuals and 704,368 other adults...
January 5, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305129/pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-home-vegetable-gardening-intervention-among-older-cancer-survivors-shows-feasibility-satisfaction-and-promise-in-improving-vegetable-and-fruit-consumption-reassurance-of-worth-and-the-trajectory-of-central-adiposity
#10
Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Mallory G Cases, Alan B Cantor, Andrew D Frugé, Kerry P Smith, Julie Locher, Harvey J Cohen, Yuko Tsuruta, Michael Daniel, Rishabh Kala, Jennifer F De Los Santos
BACKGROUND: Holistic approaches are sought to improve lifestyle behaviors and health of cancer survivors long term. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore whether a home-based vegetable gardening intervention is feasible and whether it improves diet and other health-related outcomes among older cancer survivors. DESIGN: We conducted a feasibility trial in which cancer survivors were randomized to receive a year-long gardening intervention immediately or to a wait-list control arm...
January 2, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303424/seizing-the-opportunity-exploring-barriers-to-use-of-transmucosal-midazolam-in-hospice-patients
#11
Samuel J Perna, James M Rhinewalt, Erin R Currie
BACKGROUND: Status epilepticus seizures are distressing events for hospice and palliative care patients. Currently, rectal diazepam is the only abortive therapy approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for seizures occurring out of hospital. However, transmucosal (buccal and intranasal) midazolam hydrochloride is a less expensive, equally effective, and a more socially acceptable alternative. OBJECTIVE: To explore the use of transmucosal midazolam in out-of-hospital hospice patients in the State of Alabama...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302898/systemic-non-hodgkin-t-cell-lymphomas-presenting-in-the-head-and-neck-region-an-institutional-experience-of-a-rare-entity
#12
Devin R Broadwater, Deniz Peker
T cell lymphoma (TCL) is a group of rare and aggressive diseases. TCL primary to head and neck organs often present as extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type. Systemic TCL with initial head and neck presentation is extremely rare. Here we report our institutional experience. Clinicopathologic data was collected from patients diagnosed with TCL and treated at the University of Alabama at Birmingham between 2002 and 2012. Eleven cases of systemic TCL initially presented at head and neck region were identified...
January 4, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294844/prior-interpersonal-violence-exposure-and-experiences-during-and-after-a-disaster-as-predictors-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-among-adolescent-victims-of-the-spring-2011-tornadoes
#13
Heidi Resnick, Kelly L Zuromski, Sandro Galea, Matthew Price, Amanda K Gilmore, Dean G Kilpatrick, Kenneth Ruggiero
The purpose of the current report was to examine prior history of exposure to interpersonal violence (IPV), as compared with prior accident or prior disaster exposure, experiences during and after a disaster, and demographic variables as predictors of past month posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression severity among adolescents exposed to the tornadoes in Alabama and Missouri. IPV exposure has been consistently identified as a unique category of potentially traumatic events (PTE) that significantly increases risk for development of PTSD and other difficulties relative to other event types among adolescents...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290338/genotype-phenotype-correlation-in-nf1-evidence-for-a-more-severe-phenotype-associated-with-missense-mutations-affecting-nf1-codons-844-848
#14
Magdalena Koczkowska, Yunjia Chen, Tom Callens, Alicia Gomes, Angela Sharp, Sherrell Johnson, Meng-Chang Hsiao, Zhenbin Chen, Meena Balasubramanian, Christopher P Barnett, Troy A Becker, Shay Ben-Shachar, Debora R Bertola, Jaishri O Blakeley, Emma M M Burkitt-Wright, Alison Callaway, Melissa Crenshaw, Karin S Cunha, Mitch Cunningham, Maria D D'Agostino, Karin Dahan, Alessandro De Luca, Anne Destrée, Radhika Dhamija, Marica Eoli, D Gareth R Evans, Patricia Galvin-Parton, Jaya K George-Abraham, Karen W Gripp, Jose Guevara-Campos, Neil A Hanchard, Concepcion Hernández-Chico, LaDonna Immken, Sandra Janssens, Kristi J Jones, Beth A Keena, Aaina Kochhar, Jan Liebelt, Arelis Martir-Negron, Maurice J Mahoney, Isabelle Maystadt, Carey McDougall, Meriel McEntagart, Nancy Mendelsohn, David T Miller, Geert Mortier, Jenny Morton, John Pappas, Scott R Plotkin, Dinel Pond, Kenneth Rosenbaum, Karol Rubin, Laura Russell, Lane S Rutledge, Veronica Saletti, Rhonda Schonberg, Allison Schreiber, Meredith Seidel, Elizabeth Siqveland, David W Stockton, Eva Trevisson, Nicole J Ullrich, Meena Upadhyaya, Rick van Minkelen, Helene Verhelst, Margaret R Wallace, Yoon-Sim Yap, Elaine Zackai, Jonathan Zonana, Vickie Zurcher, Kathleen Claes, Yolanda Martin, Bruce R Korf, Eric Legius, Ludwine M Messiaen
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), a common genetic disorder with a birth incidence of 1:2,000-3,000, is characterized by a highly variable clinical presentation. To date, only two clinically relevant intragenic genotype-phenotype correlations have been reported for NF1 missense mutations affecting p.Arg1809 and a single amino acid deletion p.Met922del. Both variants predispose to a distinct mild NF1 phenotype with neither externally visible cutaneous/plexiform neurofibromas nor other tumors. Here, we report 162 individuals (129 unrelated probands and 33 affected relatives) heterozygous for a constitutional missense mutation affecting one of five neighboring NF1 codons-Leu844, Cys845, Ala846, Leu847, and Gly848-located in the cysteine-serine-rich domain (CSRD)...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290066/significant-engagement-in-tanning-behaviors-by-men-at-a-u-s-university
#15
Casey L Daniel, Alyssa M Fernandez, Natalie R Gassman, Sejong Bae, Aaron J Blashill, Marcus C Tan
Adolescent and young adult men are a potentially overlooked population with respect to risky tanning behaviors. This study sought to determine the prevalence of various modes of tanning and associated variables among young men in a university setting in the southeastern United States. Undergraduate students at a public institution in Mobile, Alabama were surveyed electronically in March 2016. Of the 818 undergraduate men surveyed, over 90% reported tanning behaviors, with 37% reporting engaging in indoor tanning...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285979/berman-j-2015-writing-widowhood-the-landscapes-of-bereavement-bush-h-l-2016-continuing-bonds-with-the-dead-parental-grief-and-19th-century-american-authors-berman-j-2015-writing-widowhood-the-landscapes-of-bereavement-albany-ny-state-university-of-new-york
#16
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283177/comparison-of-postoperative-ultrasound-criteria-to-predict-unassisted-use-of-arteriovenous-fistulas-for-hemodialysis
#17
Timmy Lee, Missy Magill, Steven K Burke, Andrew T Blair, Michelle L Robbin, Michael Allon
INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) frequently fail to mature. Postoperative ultrasounds provide objective measurements to predict unassisted AVF use for hemodialysis (unassisted use) and guide interventions to salvage nonmaturing AVFs. The optimal ultrasound criteria to assess AVF maturation are uncertain. We analyzed data from a multicenter, randomized, controlled, clinical trial to compare 2 published ultrasound maturation criteria used to predict unassisted AVF use for hemodialysis...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240532/norms-and-stigma-around-unintended-pregnancy-in-alabama-associations-with-recent-contraceptive-use-and-dual-method-use-among-young-women
#18
Whitney S Rice, Bulent Turan, Kari White, Janet M Turan
BACKGROUND: The role of unintended pregnancy norms and stigma in contraceptive use among young women is understudied. This study investigated relationships between anticipated reactions from others, perceived stigma, and endorsed stigma concerning unintended pregnancy, with any and dual contraceptive use in this population. METHODS: From November 2014 to October 2015, young women aged 18-24 years (n = 390) and at risk for unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections participated in a survey at a university and public health clinics in Alabama...
December 14, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236858/effects-of-temperature-on-the-feeding-behavior-of-alabama-argillacea-h%C3%A3-bner-lepidoptera-noctuidae-on-bt-and-non-bt-cotton-plants
#19
Francisco S Ramalho, Jéssica K S Pachú, Aline C S Lira, José B Malaquias, Bárbara D S Brito, José C Zanuncio, Francisco S Fernandes
The host acceptance behavior and environmental factors as temperature affect the feeding behavior of Lepidoptera pests. Thus, they must be considered in studies about the risk potential of resistance evolution. The current study sets the differences in the feeding behavior of neonate Alabama argillacea (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae exposed to Bt and non-Bt cotton plants, under different temperatures and time gap after hatching. Two cotton cultivars were used: the Bt (DP 404 BG - bollgard) and the non-transformed isoline, DP 4049...
December 7, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233439/an-investigation-of-final-year-pharmacy-students-moral-reasoning-ability-and-their-views-on-professionalism-and-fitness-to-practice-panel-determinations-a-questionnaire-study
#20
Lezley-Anne Hanna, John Gillen, Maurice Hall
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim was to establish pharmacy students' moral reasoning ability and obtain their views on professionalism and fitness to practice (FtP) determinations involving pharmacists. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Following ethical approval and piloting, final year pharmacy students at Queen's University Belfast (QUB) (n=119) were invited to participate in a questionnaire study. Section A was a validated moral reasoning assessment tool [Defining Issues Test (DIT2); five moral dilemmas], Section B was FtP cases and professionalism...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
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