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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768653/n-ethyl-pentylone-related-deaths-in-alabama
#1
Daniel Atherton, Daniel Dye, C Andrew Robinson, Rachel Beck
n-Ethyl pentylone (NEP) is a chemical substance derived from cathinone. Synthetic cathinones are an evolving group of drugs with stimulating, mind-altering effects sometimes referred to as novel or new psychoactive substances (NPS). There is scarce information in the medical literature regarding forensic cases in which NEP is detected in toxicological testing. We present four fatalities involving NEP from Alabama in 2017. Deaths were attributed to NEP toxicity in two cases (peripheral blood concentrations of 0...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767219/alabama-children-s-body-mass-index-nutritional-attitudes-and-food-consumption-an-exploratory-analysis
#2
Vaughn Millner, Ryon C McDermott, Bernard H Eichold
OBJECTIVES: This study had three aims: assess the extent to which middle school children in southern Alabama were classified as overweight or obese; determine the magnitude of the relation between children's attitudes toward healthy eating and their actual dietary choices; and examine the role of race, sex, and ZIP codes on children's eating attitudes and behaviors. METHODS: Registered dietitians took height and weight measurements of middle school children in southern Alabama to establish body mass index (BMI)...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755055/a-multigenerational-strategy-to-transform-health-education-into-community-action
#3
Roma Stovall Hanks, Hattie Myles, Sarah Wraight, Mary C Williams, Candis Patterson, Barbara M Hodnett, Alexandria Broadnax, Shannon Shelley-Tremblay, Errol Crook
BACKGROUND: The National Institute for Minority Health and Health Disparities funded Centers of Excellence to address health disparities through research, education and professional training, and community engagement. This article summarizes a decade of multigenerational educational programing embedded in the Community Engagement Core (CEC) of the National Institute for Minority Health and Health Disparities-funded Center for Healthy Communities-Center of Excellence at the University of South Alabama...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755048/school-based-interprofessional-asthma-self-management-education-program-for-middle-school-students-a-feasibility-trial
#4
Ellen B Buckner, Donna J Copeland, Kristina S Miller, Timothy Op Holt
BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic disease among school-aged children under 18 years of age and is a major cause of morbidity, loss of school days, and increased hospitalizations. Asthma disproportionately affects low-income, minority youth in Alabama. The benefits of improving asthma control and self-management have significance for improving health, preventing disease, and reducing health disparities by addressing social, behavioral, environmental, economic, and medical determinants of health...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753137/perceptions-of-intersectional-stigma-among-diverse-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-united-states
#5
Whitney S Rice, Carmen H Logie, Tessa M Napoles, Melonie Walcott, Abigail W Batchelder, Mirjam-Colette Kempf, Gina M Wingood, Deborah J Konkle-Parker, Bulent Turan, Tracey E Wilson, Mallory O Johnson, Sheri D Weiser, Janet M Turan
Attitudes and behavior that devalue individuals based upon their HIV status (HIV-related stigma) are barriers to HIV prevention, treatment, and wellbeing among women living with HIV. Other coexisting forms of stigma (e.g., racism, sexism) may worsen the effects of HIV-related stigma, and may contribute to persistent racial and gendered disparities in HIV prevention and treatment. Few studies examine perceptions of intersectional stigma among women living with HIV. From June to December 2015, we conducted 76 qualitative interviews with diverse women living with HIV from varied socioeconomic backgrounds enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS) in Birmingham, Alabama; Jackson, Mississippi; Atlanta, Georgia; and San Francisco, California...
May 4, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751987/unmet-mental-health-and-social-service-needs-of-formerly-incarcerated-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-deep-south
#6
David W Pantalone, Michael L Scanlon, Shelley M Brown, Bharathi Radhakrishnan, Courtenay Sprague
Due to the disproportionate burden of HIV among incarcerated women in the United States, jails and prisons have been identified as key sites for health service delivery. Recidivism remains high, potentially reflecting unmet mental health and social service needs of incarcerated women, especially during the postrelease adjustment period. However, little published research has investigated this possibility directly. We conducted semi-structured, in-depth interviews with previously incarcerated women living with HIV, and other key informants, and completed service-availability mapping in two Alabama cities...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748293/at-homeless-clinic-alabama-pharmacy-students-gain-experience-and-serve-local-need
#7
Kate Traynor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746964/geographic-variation-in-the-surgical-management-of-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-characterizing-practice-patterns-and-outcomes
#8
Tej D Azad, Daniel Vail, Chloe O'Connell, Summer S Han, Anand Veeravagu, John K Ratliff
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The role of arthrodesis in the surgical management of lumbar spondylolisthesis remains controversial. We hypothesized that practice patterns and outcomes for this patient population may vary widely. PURPOSE: To characterize geographic variation in surgical practices and outcomes for patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective analysis on a national longitudinal database between 2007 and 2014...
May 7, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734289/the-impact-of-patient-navigation-on-diabetes
#9
Thomas M English, David Masom, Marilyn V Whitman
Diabetes is a growing concern in the United States as it is associated with increasing rates of mortality and morbidity, in addition to rising healthcare costs. It is the seventh-leading cause of death in the U.S. From 1980 through 2014, the number of Americans diagnosed with diabetes increased fourfold (from 5.5 million to 22 million). Consequently, costs associated with diabetes have soared to an estimated $245 billion, representing an average annual cost of approximately $13,700 per patient with diabetes...
May 2018: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733669/suicidal-ideation-among-adolescents-following-natural-disaster-the-role-of-prior-interpersonal-violence
#10
Kelly L Zuromski, Heidi Resnick, Matthew Price, Sandro Galea, Dean G Kilpatrick, Kenneth Ruggiero
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined variables, including prior traumatic events, disaster exposure, and current mental health symptomatology, associated with suicidal ideation following experience of a natural disaster. METHOD: Utilizing a sample of 2,000 adolescents exposed to the spring 2011 tornadoes in the areas surrounding Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and Joplin, Missouri, we hypothesized that prior interpersonal violence (IPV), more so than other prior traumatic events or other symptoms, would be associated with suicidal ideation after the disaster...
May 7, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732396/incidence-and-outcomes-of-neonatal-acute-kidney-injury-awaken-a-multicentre-multinational-observational-cohort-study
#11
Jennifer G Jetton, Louis J Boohaker, Sidharth K Sethi, Sanjay Wazir, Smriti Rohatgi, Danielle E Soranno, Aftab S Chishti, Robert Woroniecki, Cherry Mammen, Jonathan R Swanson, Shanty Sridhar, Craig S Wong, Juan C Kupferman, Russell L Griffin, David J Askenazi
Background: Single-center studies suggest that neonatal acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with poor outcomes. However, inferences regarding the association between AKI, mortality, and hospital length of stay are limited due to the small sample size of those studies. In order to determine whether neonatal AKI is independently associated with increased mortality and longer hospital stay, we analyzed the Assessment of Worldwide Acute Kidney Epidemiology in Neonates (AWAKEN) database...
November 2017: The lancet child & adolescent health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720917/comparison-of-the-pharmacoeconomics-of-calfactant-and-poractant-alfa-in-surfactant-replacement-erapy
#12
Michael M Zayek, Fabien G Eyal, Robert C Smith
OBJECTIVE: To compare the pharmacy costs of calfactant (Infasurf, ONY, Inc.) and poractant alfa (Curosurf, Chiesi USA, Inc., Cary, NC). METHODS: The University of South Alabama Children's and Women's Hospital switched from calfactant to poractant alfa in 2013 and back to calfactant in 2015. Retrospectively, we used deidentified data from pharmacy records that provided type of surfactant administered, gestational age, birth weight, and number of doses on each patient...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719058/trajectories-of-community-mobility-recovery-after-hospitalization-in-older-adults
#13
Christine Loyd, T Mark Beasley, Rebecca S Miltner, Diane Clark, Barbara King, Cynthia J Brown
OBJECTIVES: To identify trajectories of recovery of community mobility in acutely ill older adults using the University of Alabama at Birmingham Life-Space Assessment (LSA). DESIGN: Prospective observation cohort study. SETTING: Central Alabama, Birmingham Veterans Affairs Medical Center. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling adults aged 65 and older hospitalized for nonsurgical medical reasons (N=173). MEASUREMENTS: We determined LSA scores for the month before and monthly for 6 months after hospitalization (composite scores ranging from 0-120, with 120 reflecting completely unrestricted mobility)...
May 2, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707076/clinical-predictors-for-repeat-hospitalizations-in-left-ventricular-assist-device-lvad-patients-with-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#14
Charles V Welden, Wiley Truss, Gerald McGwin, Frederick Weber, Shajan Peter
Background: Patients implanted with left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) carry an increased risk of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB), estimated at 25% in most studies. Significant efforts are employed in localizing and stopping the source of bleeding, but the rates of repeat hospitalization for GIB remain surprisingly high. Given the increasing incidence of LVAD-dependent end-stage heart failure and the excessive costs associated with repetitive endoscopic investigations, risk factors associated with re-bleeding need to be determined...
April 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698866/wrong-way-driving-crashes-a-random-parameters-ordered-probit-analysis-of-injury-severity
#15
Mohammad Jalayer, Ramin Shabanpour, Mahdi Pour-Rouholamin, Nima Golshani, Huaguo Zhou
In the context of traffic safety, whenever a motorized road user moves against the proper flow of vehicle movement on physically divided highways or access ramps, this is referred to as wrong-way driving (WWD). WWD is notorious for its severity rather than frequency. Based on data from the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, an average of 355 deaths occur in the U.S. each year due to WWD. This total translates to 1.34 fatalities per fatal WWD crashes, whereas the same rate for other crash types is 1...
April 23, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696211/characteristics-of-cancer-patients-participating-in-presurgical-lifestyle-intervention-trials-exploring-effects-on-tumor-biology
#16
John A Dasher, Andrew D Frugé, Denise C Snyder, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
Background: Poor diet and insufficient physical activity are strongly associated with an increased risk of several cancers. Preclinical studies suggest that lifestyle modifications may exert favorable effects on tumor biology. Randomized controlled trials in the presurgical setting serve as an ideal means to translate this research to humans; however, little is known about the characteristics of patients who enroll in these presurgical trials versus those who do not. Methods: Screening databases from three presurgical lifestyle intervention trials for breast and prostate cancer patients conducted at Duke University Medical Center (NCT00049309) and the University of Alabama at Birmingham (NCT02224807 and NCT01886677) were combined for analysis...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690297/palpi-aplenty-new-species-in-the-chrysotus-longipalpus-species-group-diptera-dolichopodidae
#17
Justin B Runyon, Renato S Capellari
Four new Nearctic species belonging to the Chrysotus longipalpus species group are described: Chrysotus keyensis sp. nov. (Florida), Chrysotus mccreadiei sp. nov. (Alabama), Chrysotus mystax sp. nov. (Alabama), and Chrysotus plumarista sp. nov. (Alabama). This brings the number of known species in this group to twelve. A key to species of males of the C. longipalpus species group and new distribution records are provided.
March 22, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672477/assessment-of-community-awareness-and-practices-concerning-indoor-air-pollutants-madison-county-alabama-june-2017
#18
Charlene Siza, Melissa Morrison, Scott Harris, Timothy Hatch, Michael Tyler
The Alabama Department of Public Health (ADPH) conducts an annual community assessment to evaluate household preparedness and local public health concerns. In June 2017, ADPH conducted a Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER), focusing on indoor air pollutants in seven neighborhoods in Madison County, Alabama, where a large percentage of homes were built before 1980. Local health partners had concerns about indoor air quality and environmental risks such as radon; however, limited information was available regarding community awareness, prevention, and mitigation measures related to potential exposures...
April 20, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671659/hearing-loss-and-social-support-in-urban-and-rural-communities
#19
Marcia J Hay-McCutcheon, Adriana Hyams, Xin Yang, Jason Parton
OBJECTIVE: Perceived social support and hearing handicap were assessed in adults with and without hearing loss who lived in different geographical regions of Alabama. DESIGN: The Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults (HHIA) assessed emotional and social consequences of hearing loss. The Medical Outcomes Study (MOS) Social Support Survey and the Social Functioning, Role Emotional and Mental Health scales of the SF-36 were administered. STUDY SAMPLE: Data were collected from 71 study participants with hearing loss and from 45 adults without hearing loss...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668704/a-new-species-of-peritresius-leidy-1856-testudines-pan-cheloniidae-from-the-late-cretaceous-campanian-of-alabama-usa-and-the-occurrence-of-the-genus-within-the-mississippi-embayment-of-north-america
#20
Andrew D Gentry, James F Parham, Dana J Ehret, Jun A Ebersole
Late Cretaceous members of Peritresius belong to a diverse clade of marine adapted turtles currently thought to be some of the earliest representatives of the lineage leading to modern hard-shelled sea turtles (Pan-Cheloniidae). Prior studies have suggested that Peritresius was monospecific, with a distribution restricted to Maastrichtian deposits in North America. However, new Peritresius specimens identified from Alabama and Mississippi, USA, show that the genus contains two taxa, Peritresius ornatus, and a new species Peritresius martini sp...
2018: PloS One
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