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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720453/parental-acceptance-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccinations-and-community-pharmacies-as-vaccination-settings-a-qualitative-study-in-alabama
#1
Salisa C Westrick, Lindsey A Hohmann, Stuart J McFarland, Benjamin S Teeter, Kara K White, Tessa J Hastings
PURPOSE: To determine parents' knowledge and attitudes regarding human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccinations in their adolescent children and to describe parents' perceptions of adolescent vaccinations in community pharmacies. METHODS: In-depth interviews were completed with parents or guardians of children ages 11-17 years from Alabama's Lee and Macon counties. One-hour long, open-ended telephonic or in-person interviews were conducted until the saturation point was reached...
June 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720021/ricky-and-lucy-gender-stereotyping-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-us-deep-south-and-the-implications-for-hiv-risk-in-a-severely-affected-population
#2
Bronwen Lichtenstein, Emma Sophia Kay, Ian Klinger, Matt G Mutchler
HIV disproportionately affects young Black men who have sex with men in the USA, with especially high rates in the Deep South. In this Alabama study, we interviewed 24 pairs of young Black men who have sex with men aged 19-24 and their close friends (n = 48) about sexual scripts, dating men and condom use. Three main themes emerged from the study: the power dynamics of 'top' and 'bottom' sexual positions for condom use; gender stereotyping in the iconic style of the 'I Love Lucy' show of the 1950s; and the sexual dominance of 'trade' men...
July 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708777/intraoperative-topical-antibiotics-for-infection-prophylaxis-in-pelvic-and-acetabular-surgery
#3
Matthew T Owen, Emily M Keener, Zane B Hyde, Reaves M Crabtree, Parke W Hudson, Russell L Griffin, Jason A Lowe
OBJECTIVES: Determine if topical vancomycin and tobramycin powder reduces the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) following pelvic ring and acetabulum fracture surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study SETTING:: University of Alabama at Birmingham, Academic Level I Trauma Center PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS:: 219 patients (140 meeting inclusion criteria) with pelvic and acetabular fractures who underwent open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) from March 2012 to November 2013...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696223/white-coat-effect-is-uncommon-in-patients-with-refractory-hypertension
#4
Mohammed Siddiqui, Eric K Judd, Suzanne Oparil, David A Calhoun
Refractory hypertension is a recently described phenotype of antihypertensive treatment failure defined as uncontrolled blood pressure (BP) despite the use of ≥5 different antihypertensive agents, including chlorthalidone and spironolactone. Recent studies indicate that refractory hypertension is uncommon, with a prevalence of ≈5% to 10% of patients referred to a hypertension specialty clinic for uncontrolled hypertension. The prevalence of white coat effect, that is, uncontrolled automated office BP ≥135/85 mm Hg and controlled out-of-office BP <135/85 mm Hg, by awake ambulatory BP monitor in hypertensive patients overall is ≈30% to 40%...
July 10, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696147/effects-of-desiccation-practices-of-cultured-atlantic-oysters-crassostrea-virginica-on-vibrio-spp-in-portersville-bay-alabama-usa
#5
Stephanie M Grodeska, Jessica L Jones, Covadonga R Arias, William C Walton
The expansion of off-bottom aquaculture to the Gulf of Mexico has raised public health concerns for human health officials. High temperatures in the Gulf of Mexico are associated with high levels of Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus. Routine desiccation practices associated with off-bottom aquaculture expose oysters to ambient air, allowing Vibrio spp. to proliferate in the closed oyster. Currently, there is limited research on the length of time needed for Vibrio spp. levels in desiccated oysters to return to background levels, defined as the levels found in oysters that remain continually submersed and not exposed to ambient air...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695309/empruthotrema-longipenis-n-sp-monogenoidea-monocotylidae-merizocotylinae-from-the-olfactory-sacs-of-the-smooth-butterfly-ray-gymnura-micrura-bloch-schneider-myliobatiformes-gymnuridae-in-the-gulf-of-mexico
#6
Delane C Kritsky, Stephen A Bullard, Carlos F Ruiz, Micah B Warren
A new species of Empruthotrema Johnston & Tiegs, 1922 is described based on specimens collected from the olfactory sacs of smooth butterfly rays Gymnura micrura (Bloch & Schneider) captured in Mobile Bay (northcentral Gulf of Mexico), Alabama, USA. Empruthotrema longipenis n. sp. is most similar to the type-species Empruthotrema raiae (MacCallum, 1916) Johnston & Tiegs, 1922 by having 12 marginal and two interhamular loculi with members of haptoral hook pair 1 located midway along the periphery of each interhamular loculus and those of hook pair 2 located at the marginal termini of the bilateral septa flanking the interhamular loculi...
July 10, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695167/cancer-and-palliative-care-in-the-united-states-turkey-and-malawi-developing-global-collaborations
#7
REVIEW
Deborah Kirk Walker, Rebecca L Edwards, Gulcan Bagcivan, Marie A Bakitas
As the global cancer burden grows, so too will global inequities in access to cancer and palliative care increase. This paper will describe the cancer and palliative care landscape relative to nursing practice, education, and research, and emerging global collaborations in the United States (U.S.), Turkey, and Malawi. It is imperative that nurses lead efforts to advance health and strengthen education in these high-need areas. Leaders within the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Nursing, through a Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization Nursing Collaborating Center, have initiated collaborative projects in cancer and palliative care between the U...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684146/physiologically-based-pharmacokinetic-modeling-of-human-exposure-to-perfluorooctanoic-acid-suggests-historical-non-drinking-water-exposures-are-important-for-predicting-current-serum-concentrations
#8
Rachel Rogers Worley, Xiaoxia Yang, Jeffrey Fisher
Manufacturing of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), a synthetic chemical with a long half-life in humans, peaked between 1970 and 2002, and has since diminished. In the United States, PFOA is detected in the blood of >99% of people tested, but serum concentrations have decreased since 1999. Much is known about exposure to PFOA in drinking water; however, the impact of non-drinking water PFOA exposure on serum PFOA concentrations is not well characterized. The objective of this research is to apply physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling and Monte Carlo analysis to evaluate the impact of historic non-drinking water PFOA exposure on serum PFOA concentrations...
July 3, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677210/gut-microbiome-diversity-influenced-more-by-the-westernized-dietary-regime-than-the-body-mass-index-as-assessed-using-effect-size-statistic
#9
Shannon C Davis, Jagjit S Yadav, Stephanie D Barrow, Boakai K Robertson
Human gut microbiome dysbiosis has been associated with the onset of metabolic diseases and disorders. However, the critical factors leading to dysbiosis are poorly understood. In this study, we provide increasing evidence of the association of diet type and body mass index (BMI) and how they relatively influence the taxonomic structure of the gut microbiota with respect to the causation of gut microbiome dysbiosis. The study included randomly selected Alabama residents (n = 81), including females (n = 45) and males (n = 36)...
July 4, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658936/associations-of-multimorbid-medical-conditions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-older-african-american-men
#10
Olivio J Clay, Martinique Perkins, Gail Wallace, Michael Crowe, Patricia Sawyer, Cynthia J Brown
Background: African American (AA) men battling multiple morbidities are tasked with managing the components of each condition and are at greater risk for adverse outcomes such as poor health-related quality of life (QOL), disability, and higher mortality rates. Method: Baseline data for AA men from the University of Alabama at Birmingham Study of Aging were utilized. Factor analysis was used to categorize medical conditions and create factor scores. Covariate-adjusted regression models assessed the relationships between categories of conditions and physical and mental health-related QOL as assessed by the SF-12...
June 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657352/wrong-way-driving-crashes-a-multiple-correspondence-approach-to-identify-contributing-factors
#11
Mohammad Jalayer, Mahdi Pour-Rouholamin, Huaguo Zhou
OBJECTIVE: Wrong-way driving (WWD) crashes result in 1.34 fatalities per fatal crash, while for other non-WWD fatal crashes this number drops to 1.10. As such, further in-depth investigation of WWD crashes is necessary. The objective of this study is twofold: to identify the characteristics that best describe WWD crashes and to verify the factors associated with WWD occurrence. METHODS: We collected and analyzed fifteen years of crash data from the states of Illinois and Alabama...
June 28, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652820/a-higher-degree-of-expression-of-dna-methyl-transferase-1-in-cervical-cancer-is-associated-with-poor-survival-outcome
#12
Chandrika J Piyathilake, Suguna Badiga, Samuel G Borak, Janaka Weragoda, Sejong Bae, Roland Matthews, Walter C Bell, Edward E Partridge
BACKGROUND: Even though novel therapies based on aberrant DNA methylation could be of particular importance for the treatment of cervical cancer (CC) because the oncoproteins E6/E7 of high-risk human papillomaviruses, the causative agents for developing CC, have the capacity to bind and upregulate DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs), to our knowledge, no previous studies have evaluated the expression of this enzyme in CC in relation to survival outcomes. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the expression of DNMT1 in CC and its association with survival outcomes...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645013/per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-in-human-serum-and-urine-samples-from-a-residentially-exposed-community
#13
Rachel Rogers Worley, Susan McAfee Moore, Bruce C Tierney, Xiaoyun Ye, Antonia M Calafat, Sean Campbell, Million B Woudneh, Jeffrey Fisher
BACKGROUND: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are considered chemicals of emerging concern, in part due to their environmental and biological persistence and the potential for widespread human exposure. In 2007, a PFAS manufacturer near Decatur, Alabama notified the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) it had discharged PFAS into a wastewater treatment plant, resulting in environmental contamination and potential exposures to the local community. OBJECTIVES: To characterize PFAS exposure over time, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) collected blood and urine samples from local residents...
June 20, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642090/temporary-removal-vaginal-sacral-colpopexy-a-natural-orifice-approach-to-a-gold-standard-procedure
#14
Charles R Hanes
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
June 20, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639473/revision-and-new-species-of-vasotrema-stunkard-1926-digenea-schistosomatoidea-turtle-blood-flukes-of-north-american-softshell-turtles-testudines-trionychidae-apalone-spp
#15
Jackson Roberts, Stephen Ashton Bullard
Gulf Coast spiny softshell turtles, Apalone spinifera aspera (Agassiz, 1857), (Testudines: Trionychidae) from Canoe Lake (33°47'56.16"N, 86°29'25.02"W; Springville, Alabama, USA) and Round Lake (32°41'50.91"N, 87°14'30.39"W; Perry Lakes State Park, Marion, Alabama, USA) were infected by Vasotrema robustum Stunkard, 1928, Vasotrema longitestis Byrd, 1939, and Vasotrema rileyae n. sp. The new species differs from its congeners by having papillate suckers, a short testis, an ovary dextral to the oviduct, and a pre-ovarian genital pore that is lateral to the ventral sucker...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636540/implementation-and-utilization-of-the-molecular-tumor-board-to-guide-precision-medicine
#16
REVIEW
Shuko Harada, Rebecca Arend, Qian Dai, Jessica A Levesque, Thomas S Winokur, Rongjun Guo, Martin J Heslin, Lisle Nabell, L Burt Nabors, Nita A Limdi, Kevin A Roth, Edward E Partridge, Gene P Siegal, Eddy S Yang
BACKGROUND: With rapid advances in genomic medicine, the complexity of delivering precision medicine to oncology patients across a university health system demanded the creation of a Molecular Tumor Board (MTB) for patient selection and assessment of treatment options. The objective of this report is to analyze our progress to date and discuss the importance of the MTB in the implementation of personalized medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were reviewed in the MTB for appropriateness for comprehensive next generation sequencing (NGS) cancer gene set testing based on set criteria that were in place...
June 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632113/paracandidimonas-soli-gen-nov-sp-nov-isolated-from-soil
#17
Peter Kämpfer, Hans-Jürgen Busse, John A McInroy, Stefanie P Glaeser
A slightly yellow-pigmented, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped bacterium, strain IMT-305T, was isolated from soil in Alabama, USA. Phylogenetic analysis based on the nearly full-length 16S rRNA gene sequence placed the strain in between the genera Pusillimonas, Parapusillimonas and Candidimonas with highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to the type strain of Parapusillimonas granuli (97.5 %) and Candidimonas nitroreducens (97.4 %). The genomic G+C content of strain IMT-305T was 63.9 mol%. The main cellular fatty acids were C18:1ω7c, C17:0 cyclo, C16:0 and C16:1ω7c/iso-C15:0 2-OH (detected as summed feature 3)...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617156/the-effect-of-transplant-education-on-nurses-attitudes-toward-organ-donation-and-advocacy-for-transplantation
#18
Haley Hoy, Susan Alexander, Karen H Frith, Yeow Chye Ng
Nurses are the largest group of health-care professionals, yet they are not uniformly educated regarding transplantation and organ donation. The future of transplantation hinges on education of this group. Before meaningful studies can be conducted, an instrument to measure attitudes and commitment to organ transplantation is needed. The purpose of this study was to examine content and construct validity as well as establish internal reliability of an investigator-developed online instrument to measure nurses' attitudes and commitment to organ transplantation by registered nurses...
June 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595862/safety-and-efficacy-of-uninterrupted-apixaban-therapy-versus-warfarin-during-atrial-fibrillation-ablation
#19
Ruchit R Shah, Ajay Pillai, Pascha Schafer, David Meggo, Tom McElderry, Vance Plumb, Takumi Yamada, Vineet Kumar, Harish Doppalapudi, Alicia Gunter, Emily Pentecost, William R Maddox
Thromboembolic cerebrovascular accident remains a rare but potentially devastating complication of catheter-based atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation. Uninterrupted oral anticoagulant therapy with warfarin has become the standard of care when performing catheter-based AF ablation. Compared with warfarin, apixaban, a factor Xa inhibitor, has been shown to reduce the risk of stroke and major bleeding in nonvalvular AF. With an increase in apixaban use for stroke prophylaxis in patients with AF, there is an increased interest in the safety and efficacy of uninterrupted apixaban therapy during AF ablation...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584059/alabama-pill-mill-doctors-get-20-year-prison-sentence
#20
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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