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Facial expression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326547/behavioural-responses-to-facial-and-postural-expressions-of-emotion-an-interpersonal-circumplex-approach
#1
Marije Aan Het Rot, Violeta Enea, Ion Dafinoiu, Sorina Iancu, Steluţa A Taftă, Mariana Bărbuşelu
While the recognition of emotional expressions has been extensively studied, the behavioural response to these expressions has not. In the interpersonal circumplex, behaviour is defined in terms of communion and agency. In this study, we examined behavioural responses to both facial and postural expressions of emotion. We presented 101 Romanian students with facial and postural stimuli involving individuals ('targets') expressing happiness, sadness, anger, or fear. Using an interpersonal grid, participants simultaneously indicated how communal (i...
March 21, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323534/children-s-recognition-of-emotional-facial-expressions-through-photographs-and-drawings
#2
Claire Brechet
The author's purpose was to examine children's recognition of emotional facial expressions, by comparing two types of stimulus: photographs and drawings. The author aimed to investigate whether drawings could be considered as a more evocative material than photographs, as a function of age and emotion. Five- and 7-year-old children were presented with photographs and drawings displaying facial expressions of 4 basic emotions (i.e., happiness, sadness, anger, and fear) and were asked to perform a matching task by pointing to the face corresponding to the target emotion labeled by the experimenter...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322858/a-neuroendocrine-account-of-facial-mimicry-and-its-dynamic-modulation
#3
REVIEW
Eline J Kraaijenvanger, Dennis Hofman, Peter A Bos
Facial expressions are considered central in conveying information about one's emotional state. During social encounters, facial expressions of another individual is often automatically imitated by the observer, a process referred to as 'facial mimicry'. This process is assumed to facilitate prosocial behaviour and is thought to rely on the mirror neuron system, known for its involvement in both observation and execution of motor actions. However, recent studies have revealed mimicry to be a more dynamic process than previously conceptualized, leaving mere perception-action coupling insufficient to explain its behavioural flexibility...
March 16, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322750/supradural-inflammatory-soup-in-awake-and-freely-moving-rats-induces-facial-allodynia-that-is-blocked-by-putative-immune-modulators
#4
Julie Wieseler, Amanda Ellis, Andrew McFadden, Kendra Stone, Kimberley Brown, Sara Cady, Leandro F Bastos, David Sprunger, Niloofar Rezvani, Kirk Johnson, Kenner C Rice, Steven F Maier, Linda R Watkins
Facial allodynia is a migraine symptom that is generally considered to represent a pivotal point in migraine progression. Treatment before development of facial allodynia tends to be more successful than treatment afterwards. As such, understanding the underlying mechanisms of facial allodynia may lead to a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying migraine. Migraine facial allodynia is modeled by applying inflammatory soup (histamine, bradykinin, serotonin, prostaglandin E2) over the dura. Whether glial and/or immune activation contributes to such pain is unknown...
March 16, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321290/in-your-face-startle-to-emotional-facial-expressions-depends-on-face-direction
#5
Ole Åsli, Henriette Michalsen, Morten Øvervoll
Although faces are often included in the broad category of emotional visual stimuli, the affective impact of different facial expressions is not well documented. The present experiment investigated startle electromyographic responses to pictures of neutral, happy, angry, and fearful facial expressions, with a frontal face direction (directed) and at a 45° angle to the left (averted). Results showed that emotional facial expressions interact with face direction to produce startle potentiation: Greater responses were found for angry expressions, compared with fear and neutrality, with directed faces...
January 2017: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321174/children-s-behavioral-pain-cues-implicit-automaticity-and-control-dimensions-in-observational-measures
#6
Kamal Kaur Sekhon, Samantha R Fashler, Judith Versloot, Spencer Lee, Kenneth D Craig
Some pain behaviors appear to be automatic, reflexive manifestations of pain, whereas others present as voluntarily controlled. This project examined whether this distinction would characterize pain cues used in observational pain measures for children aged 4-12. To develop a comprehensive list of cues, a systematic literature search of studies describing development of children's observational pain assessment tools was conducted using MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Web of Science. Twenty-one articles satisfied the criteria...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320473/which-neural-mechanisms-mediate-the-effects-of-a-parenting-intervention-program-on-parenting-behavior-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Laura Kolijn, Saskia Euser, Bianca G van den Bulk, Renske Huffmeijer, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg
BACKGROUND: The Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD) has proven effective in increasing parental sensitivity. However, the mechanisms involved are largely unknown. In a randomized controlled trial we examine parental neurocognitive factors that may mediate the intervention effects on parenting behavior. Our aims are to (1) examine whether the intervention influences parents' neural processing of children's emotional expressions and the neural precursors of response inhibition and to (2) test whether neural changes mediate intervention effects on parenting behavior...
March 21, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319528/postburn-microstomia-prevention-using-an-appliance-providing-simultaneous-horizontal-and-vertical-adjustable-forces
#8
Gregory S Antonarakis, Sandra Fastlicht, Taras Masnyi, Bryan Tompson
Microstomia, an abnormally small oral orifice, is a complication of perioral facial burns. In this case, contraction of the circumoral tissues and hypotonia of the musculature is responsible for this microstomia, which can produce aesthetic and functional impairment with eating, swallowing, communication (speech and facial expressions), compromised dental care and maintenance due to limited oral access, social interactions, and psychological well-being. Conservative management involves providing physical resistance to scar contracture, with opposing horizontal and vertical circumoral forces by means of appliances that aim to stretch the commissures and fibrotic muscles...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318281/facial-emotion-recognition-face-scan-paths-and-face-perception-in-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#9
Amelia K Lewis, Melanie A Porter, Tracey A Williams, Samantha Bzishvili, Kathryn N North, Jonathan M Payne
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate face scan paths and face perception abilities in children with Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) and how these might relate to emotion recognition abilities in this population. METHOD: The authors investigated facial emotion recognition, face scan paths, and face perception in 29 children with NF1 compared to 29 chronological age-matched typically developing controls. Correlations between facial emotion recognition, face scan paths, and face perception in children with NF1 were examined...
March 20, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316615/a-robust-shape-reconstruction-method-for-facial-feature-point-detection
#10
Shuqiu Tan, Dongyi Chen, Chenggang Guo, Zhiqi Huang
Facial feature point detection has been receiving great research advances in recent years. Numerous methods have been developed and applied in practical face analysis systems. However, it is still a quite challenging task because of the large variability in expression and gestures and the existence of occlusions in real-world photo shoot. In this paper, we present a robust sparse reconstruction method for the face alignment problems. Instead of a direct regression between the feature space and the shape space, the concept of shape increment reconstruction is introduced...
2017: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316284/facial-cutaneo-mucosal-venous-malformations-can-develop-independently-of-mutation-of-tek-gene-%C3%AF-but-may-be-associated-with-excessive-expression-of-src-and-p-src
#11
Nabila Brahami, Selvakumar Subramaniam, Moudjahed Saleh Al-Ddafari, Cecile Elkaim, Pierre-Olivier Harmand, Badr-Eddine Sari, Gérard Lefranc, Mourad Aribi
We aimed to search for mutations in the germline and somatic DNA of the TEK gene and to analyze the expression level of Src and phospho-Src (p-Src) in tumor and healthy tissues from patients with facial cutaneo-mucosal venous malformations (VMCM). Eligible patients from twelve families and thirty healthy controls were recruited respectively at the Departments of Stomatology and Oral Surgery, and Transfusion Medicine of Tlemcen University Medical Centre. Immunoblot analyses of Src and p-Src were performed after direct DNA sequencing...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315309/effects-of-task-demands-on-the-early-neural-processing-of-fearful-and-happy-facial-expressions
#12
Roxane J Itier, Karly N Neath-Tavares
Task demands shape how we process environmental stimuli but their impact on the early neural processing of facial expressions remains unclear. In a within-subject design, ERPs were recorded to the same fearful, happy and neutral facial expressions presented during a gender discrimination, an explicit emotion discrimination and an oddball detection tasks, the most studied tasks in the field. Using an eye tracker, fixation on the face nose was enforced using a gaze-contingent presentation. Task demands modulated amplitudes from 200-350ms at occipito-temporal sites spanning the EPN component...
March 14, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304290/the-efficacy-of-emotion-recognition-rehabilitation-for-people-with-alzheimer-s%C3%A2-disease
#13
J Antonio García-Casal, Miguel Goñi-Imizcoz, M Victoria Perea-Bartolomé, Felipe Soto-Pérez, Sarah Jane Smith, Sara Calvo-Simal, Manuel Franco-Martín
BACKGROUND: The ability to recognize emotional expression is essential for social interactions, adapting to the environment and quality of life. Emotion recognition is impaired in people with Alzheimer's disease (AD), thus rehabilitation of these skills has the potential to elicit significant benefits. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to establish whether emotion recognition capacity could be rehabilitated in people with AD. METHODS: Thirty-six participants with AD were assigned to one of three conditions: an experimental group (EG) that received 20 sessions of rehabilitation of emotion recognition and 20 sessions of cognitive stimulation therapy (CST), a control group (CG) that received 40 sessions of CST, and a treatment as usual group (TAU)...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302316/defining-nervous-system-susceptibility-during-acute-and-latent-herpes-simplex-virus-1-infection
#14
REVIEW
Chandra M Menendez, Daniel J J Carr
Herpes simplex viruses are neurotropic human pathogens that infect and establish latency in peripheral sensory neurons of the host. Herpes Simplex Virus-1 (HSV-1) readily infects the facial mucosa that can result in the establishment of a latent infection in the sensory neurons of the trigeminal ganglia (TG). From latency, HSV-1 can reactivate and cause peripheral pathology following anterograde trafficking from sensory neurons. Under rare circumstances, HSV-1 can migrate into the central nervous system (CNS) and cause Herpes Simplex Encephalitis (HSE), a devastating disease of the CNS...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302196/-association-between-intelligence-development-and-facial-expression-recognition-ability-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Ning Pan, Gui-Hua Wu, Ling Zhang, Ya-Fen Zhao, Han Guan, Cai-Juan Xu, Jin Jing, Yu Jin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the features of intelligence development, facial expression recognition ability, and the association between them in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: A total of 27 ASD children aged 6-16 years (ASD group, full intelligence quotient >70) and age- and gender-matched normally developed children (control group) were enrolled. Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children Fourth Edition and Chinese Static Facial Expression Photos were used for intelligence evaluation and facial expression recognition test...
March 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301481/colec10-is-mutated-in-3mc-patients-and-regulates-early-craniofacial-development
#16
Mustafa M Munye, Anna Diaz-Font, Louise Ocaka, Maiken L Henriksen, Melissa Lees, Angela Brady, Dagan Jenkins, Jenny Morton, Soren W Hansen, Chiara Bacchelli, Philip L Beales, Victor Hernandez-Hernandez
3MC syndrome is an autosomal recessive heterogeneous disorder with features linked to developmental abnormalities. The main features include facial dysmorphism, craniosynostosis and cleft lip/palate; skeletal structures derived from cranial neural crest cells (cNCC). We previously reported that lectin complement pathway genes COLEC11 and MASP1/3 are mutated in 3MC syndrome patients. Here we define a new gene, COLEC10, also mutated in 3MC families and present novel mutations in COLEC11 and MASP1/3 genes in a further five families...
March 16, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300197/significant-decline-in-anticancer-immune-capacity-during-puberty-in-the-tasmanian-devil
#17
Yuanyuan Cheng, Kim Heasman, Sarah Peck, Emma Peel, Rebecca M Gooley, Anthony T Papenfuss, Carolyn J Hogg, Katherine Belov
Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus harrisii) are at risk of extinction in the wild due to Devil Facial Tumour Disease (DFTD), a rare contagious cancer. The prevalence of DFTD differs by age class: higher disease prevalence is seen in adults (2-3 years) versus younger devils (<2 years). Here we propose that immunological changes during puberty may play a role in susceptibility to DFTD. We show that the second year of life is a key developmental period for Tasmanian devils, during which they undergo puberty and pronounced changes in the immune system...
March 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299412/tdcs-application-over-the-stg-improves-the-ability-to-recognize-and-appreciate-elements-involved-in-humor-processing
#18
Mirella Manfredi, Alice Mado Proverbio, Ana Paula Gonçalves Donate, Sofia Macarini Gonçalves Vieira, William Edgar Comfort, Mariana De Araújo Andreoli, Paulo Sérgio Boggio
The superior temporal gyrus (STG) has been found to play a crucial role in the recognition of actions and facial expressions and may, therefore, be critical for the processing of humorous information. Here we investigated whether tDCS application to the STG would modulate the ability to recognize and appreciate the comic element in serious and comedic situations of misfortune. To this aim, the effects of different types of tDCS stimulation on the STG were analyzed during a task in which the participants were instructed to categorize various misfortunate situations as "comic" or "not comic"...
March 15, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299356/an-exome-sequencing-study-of-moebius-syndrome-including-atypical-cases-reveals-an-individual-with-cfeom3a-and-a-tubb3-mutation
#19
Ronak M Patel, David Liu, Claudia Gonzaga-Jauregui, Shalini Jhangiani, James T Lu, V Reid Sutton, Susan D Fernbach, Mahshid Azamian, Lisa White, Jane C Edmond, Evelyn A Paysse, John W Belmont, Donna Muzny, James R Lupski, Richard A Gibbs, Richard Alan Lewis, Brendan H Lee, Seema R Lalani, Philippe M Campeau
Moebius syndrome is characterized by congenital unilateral or bilateral facial and abducens nerve palsies (sixth and seventh cranial nerves) causing facial weakness, feeding difficulties, and restricted ocular movements. Abnormalities of the chest wall such as Poland anomaly and variable limb defects are frequently associated with this syndrome. Most cases are isolated; however, rare families with autosomal dominant transmission with incomplete penetrance and variable expressivity have been described. The genetic basis of this condition remains unknown...
March 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293537/a-rare-case-of-concomitant-sicca-keratopathy-and-ipsilateral-central-facial-palsy-in-wallenberg-s-dorsolateral-medullary-syndrome
#20
Deborah De Bruyn, Elisabeth Van Aken, Kristien Herman
Objective: To describe a patient with a right-sided supranuclear facial palsy and concomitant sicca keratopathy of the right eye following right-sided dorsolateral medullary infarction. Methods: Our patient underwent a complete ophthalmologic and neurologic examination including biomicroscopy, fundus examination, cranial nerve examination, Shirmer I test, and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. Results: A 61-year-old woman presented in emergency with a central facial nerve palsy on the right side and truncal ataxia...
2017: GMS Ophthalmology Cases
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