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Carlo R Bartoli, Jooeun Kang, David Zhang, Jessica Howard, Michael Acker, Pavan Atluri, Tadashi Motomura
BACKGROUND: Supraphysiologic shear stress from continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) accelerates von Willebrand factor (vWF) degradation and predisposes patients to nonsurgical bleeding. It is unknown whether unique design characteristics of LVADs differentially affect vWF degradation. We tested the hypothesis that the centrifugal-flow EVAHEART (Evaheart, Houston, TX) left ventricular assist system (LVAS), which was designed to minimize shear stress (low operational revolutions per minute [rpm], larger flow gaps, low shear stress, flat H-Q curve), reduced vWF degradation versus the axial-flow HeartMate II (Thoratec, Pleasanton, CA) LVAD...
October 4, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Daniel C Moreira, Christopher J Ng, Ralph Quinones, Xiayuan Liang, Dominic W Chung, Jorge Di Paola
Idiopathic systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS) is a rare process characterized by acute and recurrent episodes of vascular leakage with severe hypotension, hypoalbuminemia, hemoconcentration and edema. Anemia and thrombocytopenia are not part of this syndrome, but here we present the case of a pediatric patient with a clinical presentation consistent with SCLS who subsequently developed microangiopathic hemolytic anemia at a time when she had significant fluid loss and anasarca. Based on serial ADAMTS-13 levels, we propose that the anemia in this patent developed as a result of ADAMTS-13 loss in the third-space fluid, a novel mechanism for acquired microangiopathic hemolytic anemia...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Joseph Rosenthal
Transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is a multifactorial disorder caused by systemic vascular endothelial injury that can be triggered by several mechanisms during the transplant process. Thrombotic microangiopathy may affect multiple systems and occurs in ~30% of patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. A subgroup of patients with thrombotic microangiopathy develop TA-TMA, and the other may develop other thrombotic microangiopathic disorders such as thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, a condition with similar finding but different pathophysiology involving ADAMTS-13...
2016: Journal of Blood Medicine
Anwar Al-Awadhi, Adekunle Adekile, Rajaa Marouf
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a severe form of hemolytic anemia characterized by chronic hemolysis and is associated with increased thrombotic risk. Elevated von Willebrand factor (vWF) levels in SCD have been attributed to increased secretion and impaired processing by its cleaving protease ADAMTS-13. In this study we measured vWF and ADAMTS-13 antigen and activity levels in our SCD patients. Hematological and biochemical parameters for 59 SCD patients (20 children and 39 adults) were analyzed and compared to 59 age- and sex-matched controls...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
M A H Sonneveld, M Kavousi, M A Ikram, A Hofman, O L Rueda Ochoa, P L Turecek, O H Franco, F W G Leebeek, M P M de Maat
: Essentials An association between ADAMTS-13 and coronary heart disease (CHD) has been suggested. 5688 participants ≥ 55 years from the Rotterdam Study without a history of CHD were included. Over a median follow-up time of 9.7 years, 456 individuals suffered from CHD. Low ADAMTS-13 activity was associated with an increased CHD risk. SUMMARY: Background The metalloprotease ADAMTS-13 cleaves high-molecular-weight von Willebrand factor multimers into smaller, less procoagulant forms...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Raffaella Cravero, Gianluigi Ardissino, Umberto Colageo, Piernicola Staffa, Elena Bruschetta, Serena Maroni, Eirini Karvela, Ermanno Spagarino, Velia Ruggeri, Roberto Jura
Pregnancy-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a rare condition, but it is burdened by a significant perinatal and maternal morbidity as well as mortality. We describe the case of a 33-year-old woman, who developed a TMA at the 36th week of gestation characterized by increased LDH, haptoglobin consumption, schistocytes, thrombocytopenia and acute renal failure requiring dialysis. There were not gestational hypertension nor proteinuria until the day of hospitalization. ADAMTS 13 deficiency was ruled out and the patient did not have diarrhea...
July 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
M O Nakashima, X Zhang, H J Rogers, L Vengal, B Gibson, T M Daly, K Kottke-Marchant
INTRODUCTION: Quantitation of ADAMTS13 activity, functional inhibitors, and autoantibodies is crucial in diagnosis and management of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. We compared and optimized commercial assay kits and validated a testing panel. METHODS: Citrated plasma specimens from healthy volunteers and residual samples submitted for clinical testing were used in the study. Commercially available ADAMTS13 activity assays including ACTIFLUOR(™) ADAMTS13 (Sekisui Diagnostics, Stamford, CT, USA), LIFECODES ATS-13 (Gen-Probe Inc...
October 2016: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
A Kopić, K Benamara, C Piskernik, B Plaimauer, F Horling, G Höbarth, T Ruthsatz, B Dietrich, E-M Muchitsch, F Scheiflinger, M Turecek, W Höllriegl
UNLABELLED: Essentials ADAMTS-13-deficiency is a cause of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Preclinical safety of recombinant human ADAMTS-13 (BAX930) was shown in animal models. Preclinical efficacy of BAX930 was shown in a mouse model of TTP. BAX930 showed advantageous efficacy over fresh frozen plasma, the current standard of care. Click to hear Dr Cataland and Prof. Lämmle present a seminar on Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP): new Insights in Pathogenesis and Treatment Modalities...
July 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Davinder Sidhu, Edward L Snyder, Christopher A Tormey
BACKGROUND: Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare but serious disease caused by autoantibody-mediated deficiency in von Willebrand factor (VWF) cleaving protease, ADAMTS-13. The primary acute treatment is therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE). However, some patients can develop allergic/anaphylactic reactions to the replacement (i.e., donor) plasma over time. Two potential treatment strategies for patients with TTP who demonstrate severe allergic reactions to plasma used for exchange were examined...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
Stefano Lancellotti, Maria Basso, Vito Veca, Monica Sacco, Laura Riccardi, Maurizio Pompili, Raimondo De Cristofaro
Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) dramatically changes the prognosis of cirrhotic patients, especially those waiting for liver transplantation. However, the possible contribution to PVT of von Willebrand factor (VWF) and ADAMTS-13 is poorly documented. The aim of our study was to assess the presence of alterations of VWF and ADAMTS-13 serum levels in cirrhotic patients with PVT. Twenty-four patients with PVT (group PVT) and 60 without PVT (group without PVT) were enrolled. A comprehensive analysis of biochemical and hemostatic parameters was performed...
October 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Anna Zenno, Matthew Richardson
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a thrombotic microangiopathy often caused by deficiency of von Willebrand (vW) factor cleaving protease, ADAMTS-13, leading to large vW multimers and intravascular platelet aggregation. Hemolysis in TTP is mechanical and nonimmune mediated, thus Coombs testing is usually negative. We report a case of an adolescent with thrombocytopenia and Coombs positive anemia, diagnosed with Evans syndrome, but ultimately found to have TTP. TTP should be considered in children with thrombocytopenia and Coombs positive anemia who are refractory to steroids or develop signs of microangiopathy...
October 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Mengchen Fan, Haochen Xu, Lixiang Wang, Haiyu Luo, Ximin Zhu, Ping Cai, Lixiang Wei, Lu Lu, Yongliang Cao, Rong Ye, Wenying Fan, Bing-Qiao Zhao
Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is an effective treatment for ischemic stroke, but its neurotoxicity is a significant problem. Here we tested the hypothesis that recombinant ADAMTS 13 (rADAMTS 13) would reduce tPA neurotoxicity in a mouse model of stroke. We show that treatment with rADAMTS 13 in combination with tPA significantly reduced infarct volume compared with mice treated with tPA alone 48 hours after stroke. The combination treatment significantly improved neurological deficits compared with mice treated with tPA or vehicle alone...
2016: Scientific Reports
Efstathios Kastritis, Ioannis Papassotiriou, Evangelos Terpos, Maria Roussou, Maria Gavriatopoulou, Anna Komitopoulou, Chrysanthi Skevaki, Evangelos Eleutherakis-Papaiakovou, Constantinos Pamboucas, Erasmia Psimenou, Efstathios Manios, Stavroula Giannouli, Marianna Politou, Harikleia Gakiopoulou, Elektra Papadopoulou, Kimon Stamatelopoulos, Anna Tasidou, Meletios A Dimopoulos
Cardiac dysfunction determines prognosis in amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis. The heart is the central organ of the vascular system in which endothelium function is critical for the circulatory homeostasis, but there are limited data on endothelial function in AL amyloidosis. von Willebrand factor (VWF) has been considered as a marker of endothelial activation and dysfunction, whereas a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type-1 repeats 13 (ADAMTS-13) cleaves VWF multimers, but both have been associated with prognosis in cardiovascular disease...
July 21, 2016: Blood
Jie Wang, Yue Han, Lu-Ping Hu, De-Pei Wu, Chang-Geng Ruan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of precondintioning on ADAMTS-13 activity and vWF level, and its clinical significance by measuring the alterations of ADAMTS-13 activity and vWF antigen levels before and after preconditioning of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in the patients. METHOD: A total of 113 patients received HSCT in the First Hospital affiliated to Soochow University were investigated, 20 healthy volunteers were used as the control. The ADAMTS-13 activity and vWF antigen level were measured by FRETS-vWF73 and ELISA respectively...
April 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Angelo Nascimbene, Sriram Neelamegham, O H Frazier, Joel L Moake, Jing-Fei Dong
Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) provide cardiac support for patients with end-stage heart disease as either bridge or destination therapy, and have significantly improved the survival of these patients. Whereas earlier models were designed to mimic the human heart by producing a pulsatile flow in parallel with the patient's heart, newer devices, which are smaller and more durable, provide continuous blood flow along an axial path using an internal rotor in the blood. However, device-related hemostatic complications remain common and have negatively affected patients' recovery and quality of life...
June 23, 2016: Blood
L Sabau, L Terriou, F Provot, F Fourrier, C Roumier, C Caron, S Susen, A S Ducloy-Bouthors
HELLP syndrome is a microangiopathy that leads to severe maternal complications. The objective of this study was to identify any additional mechanisms that could have contributed to HELLP syndrome-induced haemolysis. This is a pilot, prospective and observational study that lasted 9months. All patients with HELLP syndrome treated at academic tertiary care women hospital accepted to participate. Sixteen patients were included. In ten patients (63%), schizocytes were detected following a blood smear test. Six patients (38%) were diagnosed with a partial expression deficiency of proteins regulating the complement system (CD 55 or CD 59)...
June 2016: Thrombosis Research
Jainn-Jim Lin, Oi-Wa Chan, Hsiang-Ju Hsiao, Yu Wang, Shao-Hsuan Hsia, Cheng-Hsun Chiu
Decreased ADAMTS 13 activity has been reported in severe sepsis and in sepsis-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation. This study aimed to investigate the role of ADAMTS 13 in different pediatric sepsis syndromes and evaluate its relationship with disease severity and outcome. We prospectively collected cases of sepsis treated in a pediatric intensive care unit, between July 2012 and June 2014 in Chang Gung Children's Hospital in Taoyuan, Taiwan. Clinical characteristics and ADAMTS-13 activity were analyzed...
April 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Alberto Vazquez-Mellado, Myrna Pequeño-Luévano, Olga Graciela Cantu-Rodriguez, Laura Villarreal-Martínez, José Carlos Jaime-Pérez, Andres Gomez-De-Leon, Fernando De La Garza-Salazar, Oscar Gonzalez-Llano, Perla Colunga-Pedraza, Guillermo Sotomayor-Duque, David Gomez-Almaguer
INTRODUCTION: Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is characterized by a reduction in the von Willebrand cleavage protein ADAMTS-13, mainly as a consequence of autoimmunity. Plasma exchange (PEx) is standard, achieving complete remission (CR) in 77-83% of cases, but rates are variable depending on ADAMTS-13 activity and relapse is frequent in patients with <10%. Thus, an effective front-line immunosuppressive treatment is needed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We administered PEx daily until CR and rituximab 100 mg/dose/week for 4 consecutive weeks to 10 patients with a first TTP episode and 1 relapsed patient (8 females (72%) and 3 males (28%))...
June 2016: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Bulent Karakaya, Anil Tombak, Mehmet Sami Serin, Naci Tiftik
OBJECTIVES: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. A disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type-1 repeats-13 (ADAMTS-13) is a metalloprotease that cleaves plasma von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimers. The presence of large VWF multimers in the plasma due to ADAMTS-13 deficiency is the main factor in the pathogenesis of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. The present study aimed to investigate the relation of plasma levels of ADAMTS-13 and VWF antigen with VTE...
June 2016: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Cenqi Guo, Anastasia Tsigkou, Meng Huee Lee
A disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thombospondin motifs (ADAMTS) 13 and 15 are secreted zinc proteinases involved in the turnover of von Willebrand factor and cancer suppression. In the present study, ADAMTS13 and 15 were subjected to inhibition studies with the full-length and N-terminal domain forms of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs)-1 to -4. TIMPs have no ability to inhibit the ADAMTS proteinases in the full-length or N-terminal domain form. While ADAMTS13 is also not sensitive to the hydroxamate inhibitors, batimastat and ilomastat, ADAMTS15 can be effectively inhibited by batimastat (K i (app) 299 nM)...
January 2016: Biomedical Reports
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