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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662046/near-drowning-to-be-or-not-to-be-%C3%A2-is-it-the-question
#1
Bruno Mégarbane, Hossein Mehdaoui, Dabor Résière
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642576/comment-on-cerland-l-et-al-incidence-and-consequences-of-near-drowning-related-pneumonia-a-descriptive-series-from-martinique-french-west-indies-int-j-environ-res-public-health-2017-14-1402
#2
Ana Catarina Queiroga, Jonathon Webber, Andrew C Schmidt, Justin R Sempsrott, Roberto Barcala-Furelos, Michael Tipton, David Szpilman
We read with great interest the recent paper by Cerland et al. on the frequency, nature, and consequences of post-drowning pneumonia[...].
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572222/neurocognitive-outcomes-in-children-following-immersion-a-long-term-study
#3
Maria Patricia Manglick, Frank I Ross, Mary-Clare Waugh, Andrew J A Holland, Daniel T Cass, Soundappan S V Soundappan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate long-term neurocognitive outcomes after a near-drowning incident in children who were deemed neurologically intact on discharge from hospital. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study of near-drowning children. SETTING: 95 drowning and near-drowning admissions, 0-16 years of age, from January 2009 to December 2013, to The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, NSW, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 23 children both met the criteria and had parental consent for the study...
March 23, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504652/method-of-self-harm-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-and-risk-of-subsequent-suicide
#4
Karin Beckman, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Margda Waern, Henrik Larsson, Bo Runeson, Marie Dahlin
BACKGROUND: Self-harm is common in youth and an important risk factor for suicide. Certain self-harm methods might indicate a higher risk of suicide. The main aim of this study was to determine whether some methods of self-harm in adolescents (10-17 years) and young adults (18-24 years) are associated with a particularly high risk of suicide. A secondary aim was to ascertain how different self-harm methods might affect the probability of psychiatric follow-up. METHOD: Five Swedish registers were linked in a national population-based cohort study...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503784/management-of-cold-water-induced-hypothermia-a-simulation-scenario-for-layperson-training-delivered-via-a-mobile-tele-simulation-unit
#5
Cody L Dunne, Michael Parsons
Newfoundland and Labrador (NL) has one of the highest provincial drowning rates in Canada, largely due to the many rural communities located near bodies of water. Factor in the province's cold climate (average NL's freshwater temperature is below 5.4°C)and the prevalence of winter recreational activities among the population, there exists an inherent risk of ice-related injuries and subsequent hypothermia. Oftentimes, these injuries occur in remote/rural settings where immediate support from Emergency Medical Services (EMS) may not be available...
December 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491040/impact-of-infection-status-and-cyclosporine-on-voriconazole-pharmacokinetics-in-an-experimental-model-of-cerebral-scedosporiosis
#6
Benedicte Lelievre, Marie Briet, Charlotte Godon, Pierre Legras, Jeremie Riou, Patrick Vandeputte, Bertrand Diquet, Jean Philippe Bouchara
Cerebral Scedosporium infections usually occur in lung transplant recipients as well as in immunocompetent patients in the context of near-drowning. Voriconazole is the first-line treatment. The diffusion of voriconazole through the blood-brain barriers in the context of cerebral infection and cyclosporine administration is crucial and remains a matter of debate. To address this issue, the pharmacokinetics of voriconazole were assessed in the plasma, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and brain, in an experimental model of cerebral scedosporiosis in rats receiving or not cyclosporine...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452150/cerebral-blood-flow-velocity-and-autoregulation-in-paediatric-patients-following-a-global-hypoxic-ischaemic-insult
#7
Marlina E Lovett, Tensing Maa, Melissa G Chung, Nicole F O'Brien
AIM: To describe the cerebral blood flow velocity pattern and investigate cerebral autoregulation using transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) following a global hypoxic-ischaemic (HI) event in children. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study in a quaternary-level paediatric intensive care unit. Intubated children, newborn to 17 years admitted to the PICU following HI injury (asphyxia, drowning, cardiac arrest) were eligible for inclusion. TCD was performed daily until post-injury day 8, discharge, or death, whichever occurred earliest...
February 13, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419791/unintentional-childhood-injuries-in-urban-and-rural-ujjain-india-a-community-based-survey
#8
Aditya Mathur, Love Mehra, Vishal Diwan, Ashish Pathak
Injuries are a major global public health problem. There are very few community-based studies on childhood injury from India. The objective of this cross-sectional, community-based survey was to identify the incidence, type, and risk factors of unintentional childhood injuries. The study was done in seven villages and ten contiguous urban slums in Ujjain, India. World Health Organization (WHO) tested tools and definitions were used for the survey, which included 2518 households having 6308 children up to 18 years of age, with 2907 children from urban households and 3401 from rural households...
February 8, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406474/childhood-drowning-review-of-patients-presenting-to-the-emergency-departments-of-2-large-tertiary-care-pediatric-hospitals-near-and-distant-from-the-sea-coast
#9
Neta Cohen, Dennis Scolnik, Ayelet Rimon, Uri Balla, Miguel Glatstein
OBJECTIVE: Drowning is a leading cause of death among infants and toddlers. Unique physiological and behavioral factors contribute to high mortality rates. Drowning incidents predominantly occur during warmer months and holidays. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of pediatric drowning victims who attended 2 different emergency departments (EDs), 1 near and 1 distant from the sea coast, to recognize risk factors, complications, causes of death, and the educational needs of families and caregivers...
February 5, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372669/evolutionary-conservation-of-dna-methylation-in-cpg-sites-within-ultraconserved-noncoding-elements
#10
Mathia Colwell, Melissa Drown, Kelly Showel, Chelsea Drown, Amanda Palowski, Christopher Faulk
Ultraconserved noncoding elements (UCNEs) constitute less than 1 Mb of vertebrate genomes and are impervious to accumulating mutations. About 4000 UCNEs exist in vertebrate genomes, each at least 200 nucleotides in length, sharing greater than 95% sequence identity between human and chicken. Despite extreme sequence conservation over 400 million years of vertebrate evolution, we show both ordered interspecies and within-species interindividual variation in DNA methylation in these regions. Here, we surveyed UCNEs with high CpG density in 56 species finding half to be intermediately methylated and the remaining near 0% or 100%...
2018: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325087/a-60-year-old-man-with-fever-and-headache-after-a-near-drowning-event
#11
Qiaoling Ruan, Qihui Liu, Shenglei Yu, Feifei Yang, Shu Chen, Wenhong Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325086/a-60-year-old-man-with-fever-and-headache-after-a-near-drowning-event
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218603/characteristics-of-unintentional-drowning-deaths-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Joseph Guan, Guohua Li
BACKGROUND: The reported prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has increased markedly in the past two decades. Recent research indicates that children with ASD are at a substantially increased risk of injury mortality, particularly from unintentional drowning. The purpose of this study was to explore the circumstances of fatal unintentional drowning incidents involving children with ASD under 15 years of age. FINDINGS: During January 2000 through May 2017, US newspapers reported a total of 23 fatal drowning incidents involving 18 boys and 5 girls with ASD...
December 8, 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149019/incidence-and-consequences-of-near-drowning-related-pneumonia-a-descriptive-series-from-martinique-french-west-indies
#14
Laura Cerland, Bruno Mégarbane, Hatem Kallel, Yanick Brouste, Hossein Mehdaoui, Dabor Resiere
Drowning represents one major cause of accidental death. Near-drowning patients are exposed to aspiration that may result in pneumonia with life-threatening consequences. We designed this descriptive study to investigate the frequency, nature, and consequences of post-drowning pneumonia. One hundred and forty-four near-drowning patients (33 children and 111 adults) admitted during four years to the University Hospital of Martinique, French Indies, were included. Patients presented pre-hospital cardiac arrest (41%) and exhibited acute respiratory failure (54%), cardiovascular failure (27%), and lactic acidosis (75%) on admission...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132598/a-6-year-old-male-cold-water-near-drowning-where-you-might-least-expect-it
#15
Jotham Keffeler, Marshall Frank, Charlotte Derr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817216/functional-neuroimaging-after-severe-anoxic-brain-injury-in-children-may-reveal-preserved-yet-covert-cognitive-function
#16
Adrian M Owen
A growing body of evidence has confirmed that, after severe brain injury in adults, motoric and task-dependent factors that are essential for reliable communication, frequently interfere with an accurate assessment of cognitive status. In the current study, resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in children who have sustained an anoxic brain injury following a near drowning incident suggests a similar pattern; preserved cognition amidst severe motoric impairment that effectively precludes accurate clinical diagnosis at the bedside...
August 17, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760968/impact-of-glacial-interglacial-sea-level-change-on-the-ocean-nitrogen-cycle
#17
Haojia Ren, Daniel M Sigman, Alfredo Martínez-García, Robert F Anderson, Min-Te Chen, Ana Christina Ravelo, Marietta Straub, George T F Wong, Gerald H Haug
The continental shelves are the most biologically dynamic regions of the ocean, and they are extensive worldwide, especially in the western North Pacific. Their area has varied dramatically over the glacial/interglacial cycles of the last million years, but the effects of this variation on ocean biological and chemical processes remain poorly understood. Conversion of nitrate to N2 by denitrification in sediments accounts for half or more of the removal of biologically available nitrogen ("fixed N") from the ocean...
August 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757754/therapeutic-hypothermia-brings-favorable-neurologic-outcomes-in-children-with-near-drowning
#18
Ming-Chun Chen, Chia-Hsiang Chu, Ching-Feng Cheng, Jun-Song Lin, Jui-Hsia Chen, Yu-Hsun Chang
A 1-year-10-month-old boy was admitted to our pediatric intensive care unit due to near drowning with pulmonary edema. A conventional ventilator with 100% oxygen supplementation was used initially, but was shifted to high frequency oscillatory ventilation as his oxygen saturation was around 84-88%. Therapeutic hypothermia was applied due to hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy with severe acidosis. His respiratory condition improved and he was extubated successfully on the 6th hospital day. The patient had no obvious neurological defects and he was discharged in a stable condition after 17 days of hospitalization...
October 2016: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716063/the-use-of-non-uniform-drowning-terminology-a-follow-up-study
#19
Andrew C Schmidt, Justin R Sempsrott, David Szpilman, Ana Catarina Queiroga, Matt S Davison, Ryan J Zeigler, Sean J McAlister
BACKGROUND: In 2002, the World Congress on Drowning developed a uniform definition for drowning. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of "non-uniform drowning terminology" (NUDT) and "non-uniform drowning definitions" (NUDD) in peer-reviewed scientific literature from 2010 to 2016, and compare these findings with those from our unpublished study performing a similar analysis on literature from 2003 to 2010. METHODS: A systematic review was performed using drowning-specific search terms in Pubmed and Web of Science...
July 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649485/scedosporium-apiospermum-brain-abscesses-in-a-patient-after-near-drowning-a-case-report-with-10-year-follow-up-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
Sandra C Signore, Christoph P Dohm, Gunther Schütze, Mathias Bähr, Pawel Kermer
Scedosporium apiospermum is known to be a fungal pathogen affecting immunocompromised as well as non-immunodeficient patients. Although this fungus is found rarely, an infection can lead to severe and even fatal disease. Here, we describe the case of a 41-year-old female who developed multiple Scedosporium apiospermum brain abscesses after near-drowning with aspiration of contaminated mud and water. She showed various neurological symptoms. The patient recovered after removal of abscesses in combination with long-term antifungal treatment...
September 2017: Medical Mycology Case Reports
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