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Near drowning

Cesare Mantini, Giancarlo Messalli, Leonardo Paloscia, Domenico Mastrodicasa, Marco Francone, Marco Mascellanti, Alberto D'Alleva, Antonio Raffaele Cotroneo
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) is a well-established noninvasive imaging modality in clinical cardiology. Its ability to provide tissue characterization make it well suited for the study of patients with cardiac diseases. We describe a multi-modality imaging evaluation of a 45-year-old man who experienced a near drowning event during swimming. We underline the unique capability of tissue characterization provided by cMRI, which allowed detection of subtle, clinically unrecognizable myocardial damage for understanding the causes of sudden cardiac arrest and also showed the small damages caused by cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
Rujul Desai, Leslie Strickler, Hemant Agarwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Praveen Athani, Basappa S Hugar, S Harish, Y P Girishchandra
This study was conducted at the M. S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, between October 2007 and September 2009 to analyse the age and sex distribution of unnatural deaths in children, patterns and manner of death. Detailed information regarding the circumstances of death was sought from the relatives, friends and police. The scene of occurrence was visited, and photographs of the scene of occurrence were examined in relevant cases. Unnatural deaths in children constituted 6.62% of the total autopsies conducted...
November 11, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
Sharon Shmuely, Sanjay M Sisodiya, W Boudewijn Gunning, Josemir W Sander, Roland D Thijs
INTRODUCTION: Premature mortality is a major issue in Dravet syndrome (DS). To improve understanding of DS premature mortality, we conducted a comprehensive literature search with a particular emphasis on SUDEP. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane, CENTRAL, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Academic Search Premier, and ScienceDirect on the following terms: "Dravet syndrome", "severe myoclonic epilepsy", "SMEI", "mortality", "survivors", "prognosis", and "death"...
October 9, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Hesham R Omar, Mehdi Mirsaeidi, Gerardo Bosco, Kevin Morgan, Prachiti Dalvi, Engy Helal, Devanand Mangar, Enrico M Camporesi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Victoria Wurster Ovalle, Wendy J Pomerantz, Brit L Anderson, Michael A Gittelman
BACKGROUND: Determining at risk populations is essential to developing interventions that prevent injuries. This study examined the rates of severe unintentional injuries among urban versus rural Ohio children. METHODS: Demographic and injury data for children 0 to 14 years old who had unintentional injuries from January 1, 2003, to December 31, 2012, were extracted retrospectively from the Ohio Trauma Acute Care Registry. Cases with no designated county were excluded...
October 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
R Smith, D Brooke, C Kipps, B Skaria, V Subramaniam
This report discusses a rare case of a 55-year-old female triathlete who developed recurrent episodes of swimming-induced pulmonary edema (SIPE). She had two hospital admissions with pulmonary edema after developing breathlessness while swimming, including a near-drowning experience in an open water swim. With increasing popularity of triathlon and open water sports, this case highlights the importance of a greater awareness of SIPE among health professionals, event organizers, and athletes. This report explores the previous reported cases in triathletes and those who have suffered recurrent episodes...
August 3, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
A Tofield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2016: European Heart Journal
Lucas Santos Zambon, Guilherme Nader Marta, Natan Chehter, Luis Guilherme Del Nero, Marina Costa Cavallaro
BACKGROUND: Edwardsiella tarda is an Enterobacteriaceae found in aquatic environments. Extraintestinal infections caused by Edwardsiella tarda in humans are rare and occur in the presence of some risk factors. As far as we know, this is the first case of near-drowning-associated pneumonia with bacteremia caused by coinfection with methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus and Edwardsiella tarda in a healthy patient. CASE PRESENTATION: A 27-year-old previously healthy white man had an episode of fresh water drowning after acute alcohol consumption...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Mark L Ryan, Angela C Maxwell, Lisa Manning, Jonathan D Jacobs, Marielena Bachier-Rodriguez, Alexander Feliz, Regan F Williams
INTRODUCTION: Hemorrhage is a major cause of preventable death secondary to traumatic injury. Diagnosis often requires multiple blood draws, which are psychologically stressful in pediatric patients. The Pronto device is a pulse co-oximeter that measures the total hemoglobin level using multiple wavelengths of light. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the noninvasive hemoglobin measurements relative to current invasive and point of care testing methods in pediatric trauma patients...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Olive Kobusingye, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Joseph Magoola, Lynn Atuyambe, Olakunle Olange
The study aimed to determine the drowning burden in four Ugandan lakeside districts; the prevalence of life jacket use, and community knowledge and attitudes regarding water safety. Subjects were recruited as they disembarked from boats. A structured questionnaire was used for demographics, experience on water, details of incidents in water, and awareness of drowning prevention measures. Focus group discussions (FGDs) and key informant interviews were held. The study interviewed 544 participants; 81.1% male, 86...
July 4, 2016: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
B-A Gaüzère, P Chanareille, D Vandroux
AbstractWe report the first case of Vibrio alginolyticus septicemia in the Indian Ocean (Reunion Island), in a patient (70-year-old-man) with multiple underlying conditions, following a nearly drowning in the lagoon of Reunion. From now on, V. alginolyticus should be considered as a possible agent of septicemia in the Indian Ocean, particularly following marine activities.
August 2016: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
Crystal N Propst, Stephanie L Pylypko, Ryan J Blower, Saira Ahmad, Mohammad Mansoor, Monique L van Hoek
Francisella (F.) philomiragia is a Gram-negative bacterium with a preference for brackish environments that has been implicated in causing bacterial infections in near-drowning victims. The purpose of this study was to characterize the ability of F. philomiragia to infect cultured mammalian cells, a commonly used invertebrate model, and, finally, to characterize the ability of F. philomiragia to infect BALB/c mice via the pulmonary (intranasal) route of infection. This study shows that F. philomiragia infects J774A...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Masood Ali Shaikh
Karachi Municipal Corporation's Emergency Response Center's lifeguards save drowning individuals, recover dead bodies of drowned individuals, and provide first aid care to injured victims of near-drowning and road traffic accidents on the road along the various beaches.Cumulatively302 drowning and near-drowning 302 incidents were recorded from 2012 to 2014, with 291 (96.3%) incidents involving males. One hundred ninety-six (64.9%) individuals were saved from drowning, out of which 116 (59.2%) were saved on Sundays, followed by 31 (15...
May 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Keisuke Ohtani, Toshihiro Mashiko, Keiji Oguro, Atsuhito Takemura, Toru Hatayama, Tatsuya Sasaki, Eiju Watanabe
OBJECTIVE: Hemifacial spasm occurs when a blood vessel compresses against an area near the root exit zone of the facial nerve. Developments in diagnostic neuroimaging have allowed three-dimensional (3D) observation of artery and nerve locations, an effective aid for treatment selection. However, an accurate interpretation of the 3D data remains challenging because imaging representations of complex small vessels are drowned out by noise. We used a noise elimination method to analyze artery and nerve locations and to determine their 3D relationship...
August 2016: World Neurosurgery
Kacie Seil, Ariel Spira-Cohen, Jennifer Marcum
OBJECTIVE: This project aimed to describe demographic patterns and circumstances surrounding injury deaths in New York City (NYC) related to Hurricane Sandy. METHODS: Injury deaths related to Hurricane Sandy were classified by using data from multiple sources: NYC's Office of Vital Statistics death records, Office of Chief Medical Examiner case investigation files, and American Red Cross disaster mortality data. Injury deaths were classified as being related to Hurricane Sandy if they were caused directly by the storm's environmental forces or if they were indirectly caused by an interruption of services, displacement, or other lifestyle disruption...
June 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Timothy F Mott, Kelly M Latimer
Nearly 4,000 drowning deaths occur annually in the United States, with drowning representing the most common injury-related cause of death in children one to four years of age. Drowning is a process that runs the spectrum from brief entry of liquid into the airways with subsequent clearance and only minor temporary injury, to the prolonged presence of fluid in the lungs leading to lung dysfunction, hypoxia, neurologic and cardiac abnormalities, and death. The World Health Organization has defined drowning as "the process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion/immersion in liquid...
April 1, 2016: American Family Physician
Terry King-Wing Ma, Kai Ming Chow, Chi Bon Leung, Cheuk Chun Szeto, Philip Kam-To Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Clinical Nephrology
Kei Miyata, Satoko Ochi, Rei Enatsu, Masahiko Wanibuchi, Nobuhiro Mikuni, Hiroyuki Inoue, Shuji Uemura, Katsuhiko Tanno, Eichi Narimatsu, Kunihiko Maekawa, Keiko Usui, Masahiro Mizobuchi
It has been reported that epilepsy patients had higher risk of sudden death than that of the general population. However, in Japan, there is very little literature on the observational research conducted on sudden fatal events in epilepsy. We performed a single-center, retrospective study on all the out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients treated in our emergency department between 2007 and 2013. Among the OHCA patients, we extracted those with a history of epilepsy and then analyzed the characteristics of the fatal events and the background of epilepsy...
May 15, 2016: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
Barclay T Stewart, Isaac Kofi Yankson, Francis Afukaar, Martha C Hijar Medina, Pham Viet Cuong, Charles Mock
Injuries result in nearly 6 million deaths and incur 52 million disability-adjusted life-years annually, making up 15% of the global disease burden. More than 90% of this burden occurs in low- and middle-income countries. Given this burden, it is not unexpected that injuries are the leading cause of death among travelers to low- and middle-income countries, namely, from road traffic crashes and drowning. Therefore, pretravel advice regarding foreseeable dangers and how to avoid them may significantly mitigate injury risk, such as wearing seatbelts, helmets, and personal flotation devices when appropriate; responsibly consuming alcohol; and closely supervising children...
March 2016: Medical Clinics of North America
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