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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936051/bacterial-contamination-of-multi-dose-eye-drops-at-ophthalmology-department-university-of-gondar-northwest-ethiopia
#1
Asegedech Tsegaw, Asamere Tsegaw, Tefera Abula, Yared Assefa
PURPOSE: Ophthalmic solutions used for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes were found to be contaminated with bacteria pathogens and caused serious ocular infections such as keratitis and endophthalmitis. The objective was to assess the magnitude and pattern of bacterial contamination of multi-dose ophthalmic medications and investigate the drug susceptibility pattern of the isolates in the Department of Ophthalmology at Gondar University Teaching Hospital. METHODS: A total of 100 ophthalmic medications in-use by patients and eye-care workers have been taken and cultured for potential bacterial contamination in the Microbiology Department after 1 week and >1 week of use...
April 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914597/combination-of-ultrasonic-decontamination-soft-tissue-curettage-and-submucosal-air-polishing-with-povidone-iodine-application-for-non-surgical-therapy-of-peri-implantitis-12-months-clinical-outcomes
#2
Jamal M Stein, Christian Hammächer, Sareh Said-Yekta Michael
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of a concept for non-surgical peri-implantitis combining stepwise mechanical debridement measures with adjuvant Povidone-iodine application with and without systemic antibiotics. METHODS: 45 patients with chronic periodontitis comprising 164 screw-typed implants with peri-implantitis were included. Peri-implantitis was defined as radiographic bone loss of >2 mm, probing pocket depth (PD) ≥5 mm with bleeding on probing (BOP)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912982/severe-thyrotoxicosis-secondary-to-povidone-iodine-from-peritoneal-dialysis
#3
Kirstie Lithgow, Christopher Symonds
A 73-year-old male on home peritoneal dialysis (PD) with recent diagnosis of atrial fibrillation presented with fatigue and dyspnea. Hyperthyroidism was diagnosed with TSH < 0.01 mIU/L and FT4 > 100 pmol/L. He had no personal or family history of thyroid disease. There had been no exposures to CT contrast, amiodarone, or iodine. Technetium thyroid scan showed diffusely decreased uptake. He was discharged with a presumptive diagnosis of thyroiditis. Three weeks later, he had deteriorated clinically...
2017: Case Reports in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903829/quantification-of-induced-hypothermia-from-aseptic-scrub-applications-during-rodent-surgery-preparation
#4
Anna M Skorupski, Jingyi Zhang, Danielle Ferguson, Frank Lawrence, F Claire Hankenson
Laboratory mice (Mus musculus) are prone to develop hypothermia during anesthesia for surgery, thus potentially impeding anesthetic recovery, wound healing, and future health. The core body temperatures of isoflurane-anesthetized mice are influenced by the choice of supplemental heat sources; however, the contribution of various surgical scrubs on the body temperatures of mice under gas anesthesia has not been assessed. We sought to quantify the effect of using alcohol (70% isopropyl alcohol [IPA]) compared with saline to rinse away surgical scrub on the progression of hypothermia in anesthetized mice (n = 47)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894641/laboratory-evaluation-of-different-formulations-of-stress-coat-%C3%A2-for-slime-production-in-goldfish-carassius-auratus-and-koi-cyprinus-carpio
#5
Raghunath B Shivappa, Larry S Christian, Jerry M Law, Gregory A Lewbart
A study was carried out to assess the effect of Stress Coat(®) on slime production in goldfish (Carassius auratus) and koi (Cyprinus carpio). The study also investigated histological changes that might be associated with slime producing cells, and wound healing in koi. Several formulations of Stress Coat(®) were investigated and the results showed that polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), also known as povidone, an ingredient of Stress Coat(®), when used alone, showed significantly higher slime production in goldfish than salt and Stress Coat(®) without PVP after 25 h...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894057/-successful-treatment-of-ascending-aortic-graft-infection-with-a-rifampicin-soaked-vascular-prosthesis-and-continuous-irrigation
#6
Koji Hashizume, Shinichiro Taniguchi, Ichiro Matsumaru, Shun Nakaji, Mizuki Sumi, Kiyoyuki Eishi
A 68-year-old woman underwent replacement of the ascending aorta for acute type A aortic dissection. She was then diagnosed with postoperative methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection, and the infected aortic graft was replaced with a rifampicin-soaked vascular prosthesis, which was followed by continuous irrigation using a 0.1% povidone-iodine solution. The postoperative course was uneventful, and she has been doing well for 5 years with no recurrence of infection. Prosthetic graft replacement using a rifampicin-soaked graft followed by continuous irrigation with povidone-iodine is useful for treatment of an MRSA-infected prosthetic vascular graft...
September 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890747/sclerotherapy-for-the-management-of-seromas-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#7
Aditya Sood, Vasanth S Kotamarti, Paul J Therattil, Edward S Lee
Objective: Despite improved recognition of risk factors, plastic surgeons commonly encounter seromas postoperatively and must decide upon management. Current recommendations for minimally invasive, chemical management originate from the literature on management of pneumothorax and pleural effusions. A handful of published reports have suggested the efficacy of sclerotherapy in seroma management. The aim of this study was to assess the literature on the use of sclerosants to treat subcutaneous fluid collections...
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881478/properties-of-bioroot-rcs-a-tricalcium-silicate-endodontic-sealer-modified-with-povidone-and-polycarboxylate
#8
F Siboni, P Taddei, F Zamparini, C Prati, M G Gandolfi
AIM: To evaluate the chemical and physical properties of a tricalcium silicate root canal sealer containing povidone and polycarboxylate (BioRoot RCS), a calcium silicate MTA-based sealer containing a salicylate resin (MTA Fillapex), a traditional eugenol-containing sealer (Pulp Canal Sealer) and an epoxy resin-based root canal sealer (AH Plus). METHODOLOGY: Calcium release, pH, setting time, water sorption, volume of open pores, volume of impervious portion, apparent porosity and weight loss were measured...
September 7, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878156/honey-mitigates-radiation-induced-oral-mucositis-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-without-affecting-the-tumor-response
#9
Suresh Rao, Sanath K Hegde, Pratima Rao, Chetana Dinkar, Karadka R Thilakchand, Thomas George, Manjeshwar P Baliga-Rao, Princy L Palatty, Manjeshwar S Baliga
Radiation-induced mucositis is a dose-limiting factor in the effective treatment of head and neck (H & N) cancers. The objective of this study was to understand the efficacy of honey in mitigating radiation-induced mucositis and whether it would interfere with tumor control. This was a single-blinded, randomized, controlled study and was carried out in patients with H & N cancer requiring curative radiotherapy (>62 Gy (Gray)). The patients meeting the inclusion criteria were randomly assigned to receive either honey ( n = 25) or povidone-iodine (active comparator) ( n = 25) during radiotherapy...
September 6, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872735/in-vitro-efficacy-of-disinfectants-utilised-for-skin-decolonization-and-environmental-decontamination-during-a-hospital-outbreak-with-candida-auris
#10
A Abdolrasouli, D Armstrong-James, L Ryan, S Schelenz
Candida auris has caused nosocomial infections and transmissions within hospital settings. As little is known about the efficacy of skin and environmental decontamination products to kill C. auris this study investigated the in vitro activity of chlorine, chlorhexidine, iodine povidone and vaporized hydrogen peroxide products against C. auris. H2 O2 vapour showed 96.6-100% effective killing of C. auris. All isolates were inhibited by chlorhexidine gluconate concentrations at 0.125 to 1.5% and for iodinated povidone at 0...
September 5, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836990/wound-healing-effect-of-euphorbia-hirta-linn-euphorbiaceae-in-alloxan-induced-diabetic-rats
#11
Riazul Haque Tuhin, Marium Begum, Sohanur Rahman, Rubaba Karim, Taslima Begum, Siraj Uddin Ahmed, Ronia Mostofa, Amir Hossain, Mohamed Abdel-Daim, Rayhana Begum
BACKGROUND: Euphorbia hirta linn., is a species of Euphorbiaceae family. They are known as asthma plant, barokhervi. The plant E. hirta is famous for its medicinal importance among the tribal population. It is a common practice to use the whole to heal wounds. Several pharmacological properties including antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antidibetic, antispasmodic, antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, anticonvulsant, nootropic, antifertility and aphrodisiac properties have already been reported for this plant...
August 24, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832305/procedural-povidone-iodine-rectal-preparation-reduces-bacteriuria-and-bacteremia-following-prostate-needle-biopsy
#12
Jordan L Allen, Kathleen Lehman, Kalyan Dewan, Girish Kirimanjeswara, Jay D Raman
INTRODUCTION: To determine if a povidone iodine rectal preparation (PIRP) reduces rates of bacteriuria and bacteremia following transrectal ultrasound guided prostate needle biopsy (TRUS PNB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men undergoing TRUS PNB were prospectively enrolled in a study comparing the impact of PIRP versus standard of care (two pills of ciprofloxacin 500 mg). Urine, blood, and rectal cultures were obtained 30 minutes post-procedure with colony forming units (CFUs) determined after 48 hours...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817989/optimal-skin-antiseptic-agents-for-prevention-of-surgical-site-infection-in-cesarean-section-a-meta-analysis-with-trial-sequential-analysis
#13
Huaping Huang, Guirong Li, Haiyan Wang, Mei He
PURPOSE: The best choice of antiseptic agent for skin preparation at cesarean section remains controversial. We performed this meta-analysis to assess whether chlorhexidine (CH)-based skin antisepsis was more effective than povidone iodine (PI)-based antisepsis for the prevention of surgical site infection (SSI) after cesarean section. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched to identify English publications that compared chlorhexidine gluconate (CH) as a skin preparation agent with PI in cesarean section...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799061/transrectal-rigid-hybrid-notes-cholecystectomy-can-be-performed-without-peritoneal-contamination-a-controlled-porcine-survival-study
#14
Philip C Müller, Jonas D Senft, Philip Gath, Daniel C Steinemann, Felix Nickel, Adrian T Billeter, Beat P Müller-Stich, Georg R Linke
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The risk of infectious complications due to peritoneal contamination is a major concern and inhibits the widespread use of transrectal NOTES. A standardized rectal washout with a reversible colon occlusion device in situ has previously shown potential in reducing peritoneal contamination. The aim of this study was to compare the peritoneal contamination rate and inflammatory reaction for transrectal cholecystectomy after ideal rectal preparation (trCCE) and standard laparoscopic cholecystectomy (lapCCE) in a porcine survival experiment...
August 10, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796683/vaginal-cleansing-before-cesarean-delivery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Claudia Caissutti, Gabriele Saccone, Fabrizio Zullo, Johanna Quist-Nelson, Laura Felder, Andrea Ciardulli, Vincenzo Berghella
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of vaginal cleansing before cesarean delivery in reducing postoperative endometritis. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Ovid, EMBASE, Scopus, Clinicaltrials.gov, and Cochrane Library were searched from their inception to January 2017. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Selection criteria included all randomized controlled trials comparing vaginal cleansing (ie, intervention group) with a control group (ie, either placebo or no intervention) in women undergoing cesarean delivery...
September 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796148/pain-and-antisepsis-after-ocular-administration-of-povidone-iodine-versus-chlorhexidine
#16
Carmen Oakley, Penny Allen, Joobin Hooshmand, Brendan J T Vote
PURPOSE: To investigate ocular bacterial count before and after antisepsis with aqueous chlorhexidine (AC) or povidone-iodine (PI) and to assess discomfort with each agent. METHODS: Bacterial swabs were taken from participants' eyes before and after antisepsis. These underwent microscopy, culture, and sensitivity testing. Aqueous chlorhexidine drops were administered to left eyes and PI to right eyes. Participants rated their pain (scale 0-10) for each eye but were blinded to the type of drop...
August 8, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794959/cutaneous-lesions-due-to-trichosporon-jirovecii-in-a-tortoise-testudo-hermanni
#17
Simona Nardoni, Marco Salvadori, Alessandro Poli, Guido Rocchigiani, Francesca Mancianti
Cutaneous mycoses have been rarely reported in Chelonians. A Testudo hermanni adult male showed a thick erosion of the dorsal neck covered by necrotic material. Trichosporon sp. was cultivated, while arthrospores and hyphae were observed in histological sections. The causative agent was identified as Trichosporon jirovecii by PCR. After a surgical intervention povidone iodine and Iruxol® ointment were daily administered through the drainage for 2 weeks, along with enrofloxacin 5 mg diluted in saline 0.5 ml via the intracelomatic route...
December 2017: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780782/endophthalmitis-prophylaxis-for-cataract-surgery
#18
Aravind Haripriya, Zervin R Baam, David F Chang
Endophthalmitis after cataract surgery is a rare but potentially devastating complication. There is great variability in endophthalmitis prophylaxis practice patterns worldwide. Treatment varies globally and is based on the microbiological profile and availability of formulations. Periocular povidone-iodine antisepsis is universally adopted and considered the standard of care in most practices. Perioperative topical antibiotics are also very popular despite the lack of level 1 evidence confirming efficacy. Based on growing observational evidence, routine intracameral antibiotic prophylaxis is increasing, especially where approved commercial intraocular preparations are available...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763301/application-of-povidone-iodine-at-delivery-significantly-increases-maternal-urinary-iodine-but-not-neonatal-thyrotropin-in-an-area-with-iodine-sufficiency
#19
Majid Valizadeh, Pantea Nazeri, Farzaneh Fazli, Farnaz Mohammadian, Sadreddin Kalantari, Koorosh Kamali, Hesam Osali
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of povidone-iodine (PVP-I) application at delivery on maternal urinary iodine concentration (UIC) and neonatal thyrotropin concentration. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, urine samples were collected from each pregnant woman after admission to the hospital and before routine application of the PVP-I for delivery preparation and after delivery at time of screening for congenital hypothyroidism...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736269/iodine-lithium-alpha-dextrin-il%C3%AE-d-against-staphylococcus-aureus-skin-infections-a-comparative-study-of-in-vitro-bactericidal-activity-and-cytotoxicity-between-il%C3%AE-d-and-povidone-iodine
#20
A P Zisi, M K Exindari, E K Siska, G G Koliakos
BACKGROUND: As antimicrobial resistance continues to increase, revisiting old antimicrobial agents, modified to enhance efficacy and safety, becomes important. Iodine has been widely used for more than 150 years as a wound and skin disinfectant; it is an effective broad range bactericide and does not promote the development of resistant strains. The most important iodine-based agent is povidone-iodine (PVP-I) which provides excellent antibacterial activity. However, its safety profile has been questioned...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
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