keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Povidone

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088378/antimicrobial-coated-implants-in-trauma-and-orthopaedics-a-clinical-review-and-risk-benefit-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Volker Alt
Implant-associated infections remain a major issue in orthopaedics and antimicrobial functionalization of the implant surface by antibiotics or other anti-infective agents have gained interest. The goal of this article is to identify antimicrobial coatings, for which clinical data are available and to review their clinical need, safety profile, and their efficacy to reduce infection rates. PubMed database of the National Library of Medicine was searched for clinical studies on antimicrobial coated implants for internal fracture fixation devices and endoprostheses for bone surgery, for which study design, level of evidence, biocompatibility, development of resistance, and effectiveness to reduce infection rates were analyzed...
December 21, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072611/baby-shampoo-versus-povidone-iodine-or-isopropyl-alcohol-in-reducing-eyelid-skin-bacterial-load
#2
Giancarlo A Garcia, Christine V Nguyen, Marc A Yonkers, Jeremiah P Tao
PURPOSE: Baby shampoo is used as an alternative surgical skin preparation, but the evidence supporting its use is scarce with no descriptions of efficacy in the periocular region. The authors compare the efficacy of baby shampoo, povidone-iodine (PI, Betadine) and isopropyl alcohol (IA) in reducing eyelid skin bacterial load. METHODS: Prospective, randomized, comparative, and interventional trial. Bacterial load on adult, human eyelid skin was quantitated before and after cleansing with 1) dilute baby shampoo, 2) 10% PI, or 3) 70% IA...
January 6, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058949/povidone-iodine-sclerotherapy-for-treatment-of-idiopathic-renal-hematuria-in-two-dogs
#3
Lauren B Adelman, Joseph Bartges, Jacqueline C Whittemore
CASE DESCRIPTION A 6-year-old spayed female Great Pyrenees (dog 1) and a 2-year-old spayed female German Shepherd Dog (dog 2) were evaluated because of gross hematuria of 5 and 2 months' duration, respectively. CLINICAL FINDINGS In both dogs, coagulation times were within reference limits, results of aerobic bacterial culture of urine samples were negative, echogenic debris could be seen within the urinary bladder ultrasonographically, and hematuric urine could be seen exiting the right ureterovesicular junction, with grossly normal urine exiting the left ureterovesicular junction, during cystoscopy...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056807/evaluating-decontamination-protocols-for-the-isolation-of-mycobacterium-ulcerans-from-swabs
#4
Enid Owusu, Mercy J Newman, Amos Akumwena, Elizabeth Bannerman, Gerd Pluschke
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium ulcerans (M. ulcerans) is the causative agent of Buruli Ulcer (BU) disease. In order to inhibit the growth of the microbial contaminants during culture of M. ulcerans, it is necessary to decontaminate BU samples with effective chemical agents. This study aimed at investigating some selected chemicals as potential decontamination agents for the isolation of M. ulcerans from swabs. RESULTS: Povidone iodine at 0.5 and 1% exhibited the lowest contamination and recovery rate for microbial contaminants and M...
January 5, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042266/a-self-disinfecting-irreversible-hydrocolloid-impression-material-mixed-with-povidone-iodine-powder
#5
Hussien Abdalfatah Ismail, Hani Asfour, Souaad Abdulelah Shikho
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the effect of adding povidone (PVP) iodine powder with different concentrations to irreversible hydrocolloid on both microbiological and dimensional stability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Regular set of (alginate) irreversible hydrocolloid was selected as control group. PVP-iodine powder was mixed with the alginate powder at concentrations of 1, 5, 10, 15, and 20% by weight (test groups). All specimens were tested for their antimicrobial effect against Streptococcus mutans and Staphylococcus aureus as well as dimensional stability...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040299/reimplantation-of-a-large-extruded-segment-of-bone-in-an-open-fracture
#6
REVIEW
Ahmadreza Afshar
Replacing an extruded segment of bone in an open fracture imposes a challenging decision concerning the best and safest patient management. There are numerous advantages to restoring the patient's own extruded bone segment to its original location, particularly when the bone segment is of structural importance. However, reimplantation of contaminated and avascular extruded bone segments can potentially result in serious infection or nonunion. There is no conclusive evidence regarding the best decontamination protocol for the safest use of the recovered bone segment as an autologous graft...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010129/pharmaceutical-development-of-an-amorphous-solid-dispersion-formulation-of-elacridar-hydrochloride-for-proof-of-concept-clinical-studies
#7
E Sawicki, J H M Schellens, J H Beijnen, B Nuijen
OBJECTIVE: A novel tablet formulation containing an amorphous solid dispersion (ASD) of elacridar hydrochloride was developed with the purpose to resolve the drug's low solubility in water and to conduct proof-of-concept clinical studies. SIGNIFICANCE: Elacridar is highly demanded for proof-of-concept clinical trials that study the drug's suitability to boost brain penetration and bioavailability of numerous anticancer agents. Previously, clinical trials with elacridar were performed with a tablet containing elacridar hydrochloride...
December 23, 2016: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003738/practice-patterns-of-ophthalmologists-administering-intravitreal-injections-in-europe-a-longitudinal-survey
#8
Kui Huang, Marla B Sultan, Duo Zhou, Charles S Tressler, Jingping Mo
PURPOSE: This study was performed to understand the practice patterns of ophthalmologists administering intravitreal (IVT) injections in Europe after the procedure became routine. METHODS: As part of a prospective, multinational, non-interventional cohort study in 13 countries in Europe between 2006 and 2012, ophthalmologists completed the Baseline Questionnaire and the Follow-up Questionnaire 1 year after baseline. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Of the 125 ophthalmologists who participated in the study, 113 (90...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999482/a-comparative-study-between-povidone-iodine-and-manugel-85-on-surgical-scrub
#9
Bahar Seifi, Faezeh Sahbaei, Mohamad Zare Zare, Azam Abdoli, Mohammad Heidari
BACKGROUND: Direct transmission through skin contact is one of ways for disease transmission. Medical staffs have contact with many patients, so their hand can be a factor for the transmission of disease. Surgical scrub is a process that leads to destruction immigrant and stable microbus of hands and arms through friction washing by use of antiseptic solution prior to surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of disinfection of Povidone-Iodine and Manugel 85 in surgical scrub...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996097/prevention-of-cardiac-implantable-electronic-device-infections-single-operator-technique-with-use-of-povidone-iodine-double-gloving-meticulous-aseptic-antiseptic-measures-and-antibiotic-prophylaxis
#10
Antonis S Manolis, Helen Melita
BACKGROUND: Cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) implantation is complicated by infection still at a worrisome rate of 2-5%. Since early on during device implantation procedures, we have adopted an infection preventive technique which has hitherto resulted in effective prevention of infections. Herein we present our results of applying this technique by a single operator in a prospective series of 762 consecutive patients undergoing device implantation. METHODS: A meticulous search for and treatment of active, occult or smoldering infection was undertaken preoperatively...
December 20, 2016: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995837/antiseptic-effect-of-conventional-povidone-iodine-scrub-chlorhexidine-scrub-and-waterless-hand-rub-in-a-surgical-room-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Jui-Chen Tsai, Yen-Kuang Lin, Yen-Jung Huang, El-Wui Loh, Hsiao-Yun Wen, Chia-Hui Wang, Yin-Tai Tsai, Wen-Shyang Hsieh, Ka-Wai Tam
OBJECTIVE Effective perioperative hand antisepsis is crucial for the safety of patients and medical staff in surgical rooms. The antimicrobial effectiveness of different antiseptic methods, including conventional hand scrubs and waterless hand rubs, has not been well evaluated. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A randomized controlled trial was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of the 3 antiseptic methods among surgical staff of Taipei Medical University-Shuang Ho Hospital. For each method used, a group of 80 participants was enrolled...
December 20, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987515/-study-on-the-properties-of-felodipine-solid-dispersions-prepared-by-different-technologies
#12
N Q Shi, H Zhang, Y Zhang, B Feng, Z Q Li, X R Qi
OBJECTIVE: To prepare felodipine/copovidone solid dispersions, which were made based on different preparation technologies. Insoluble felodipine was selected as the model drug in this research. This drug belonged to Biopharmaceutics Classification System II (BCSII) with insoluble property and good permeability across intestinal mucosa simultaneously. A comparative study was carried out for further investigating their corresponding pharmaceutical properties. METHODS: Felodipine/copovidone solid dispersions were achieved by four methods including spray-drying method, microwave-induced fusion quench cooling method, freeze-drying method and co-precipitation method...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986361/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effectiveness-of-antiseptic-agents-for-meatal-cleaning-in-the-prevention-of-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections
#13
REVIEW
O Fasugba, J Koerner, B G Mitchell, A Gardner
BACKGROUND: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are among the most common healthcare-associated infections. Antiseptic cleaning of the meatal area before and during catheter use may reduce the risk of CAUTIs. AIM: To undertake a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis of studies investigating the effectiveness of antiseptic cleaning before urinary catheter insertion and during catheter use for prevention of CAUTIs. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984024/prospective-randomized-clinical-trial-of-povidone-iodine-1-25-solution-versus-topical-antibiotics-for-treatment-of-bacterial-keratitis
#14
Sherwin J Isenberg, Leonard Apt, Mario Valenton, Savitri Sharma, Prashant Garg, Philip A Thomas, Pragya Parmar, Jayaraman Kaliamurthy, Johann M Reyes, Daniel Ong, Peter D Christenson, Madeline Del Signore, Gary N Holland
PURPOSE: To compare povidone-iodine 1.25% ophthalmic solution to topical antibiotics for treatment of bacterial keratitis in areas of the world where use of effective topical antibiotics may not be an option. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, investigator-masked clinical trial. METHODS: We randomized 172 individuals with bacterial keratitis to topical treatment with povidone-iodine or antibiotics (neomycin-polymyxin B-gramicidin in the Philippines; ciprofloxacin 0...
October 27, 2016: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917719/prevention-and-treatment-of-postoperative-endophthalmitis-using-povidone-iodine
#15
Hiroyuki Shimada, Hiroyuki Nakashizuka, Andrzej Grzybowski
Postoperative endophthalmitis is typically caused by patient's conjunctival bacterial flora or contaminated solutions and instruments. Visual outcome is often poor in severe cases, and treatment is especially difficult when endophthalmitis is caused by multidrug resistant bacteria. Povidone-iodine is used worldwide due to its wide-spectrum antimicrobial activity, absence of resistant bacteria to povidone-iodine, and low cost. Furthermore, the effective concentration against microorganisms and safe concentration for ocular tissues have been well established...
December 4, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890244/development-and-optimization-of-a-wet-granulation-process-at-elevated-temperature-for-a-poorly-compactible-drug-using-twin-screw-extruder-for-continuous-manufacturing
#16
Anuprabha K Meena, Divyakant Desai, Abu T M Serajuddin
The objective of this study was to enhance tabletability of a poorly compactible drug, acetaminophen, by wet granulation using twin screw extruder at high temperature. It was desired that there would be minimum amounts of excipients used and the granules obtained after extrusion would be dry and fall within a size range suitable for tableting without any further processing. Mixtures of acetaminophen (95%) with binders (5% povidone or partially pregelatinized starch) were wet granulated through twin screw extruder at 70°C by adding 7% w/w water...
February 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879993/randomized-clinical-trial-of-preoperative-skin-antisepsis-with-chlorhexidine-gluconate-or-povidone-iodine
#17
H M Park, S-S Han, E C Lee, S D Lee, H M Yoon, B W Eom, S H Kim, K W Ryu, S-J Park, Y W Kim, B Park
BACKGROUND: Skin antiseptic agents are used to prevent surgical-site infection (SSI); few trials have reported the superiority of any specific agent in clean-contaminated abdominal surgery. This RCT was designed to compare the effectiveness of chlorhexidine gluconate and povidone-iodine. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent clean-contaminated upper gastrointestinal or hepatobiliary-pancreatic open surgery between 2011 and 2014 were assigned randomly to either chlorhexidine gluconate or povidone-iodine...
November 23, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853125/canine-wound-myiasis-caused-by-lucilia-sericata-diptera-calliphoridae-in-korea
#18
Seongjun Choe, Dongmin Lee, Hansol Park, Hyeong-Kyu Jeon, Hakhyun Kim, Ji-Houn Kang, Cha-Ho Jee, Keeseon S Eom
Myiasis is a relatively common infection of animals kept as pets, although only 1 case of canine myiasis has been described so far in the Republic of Korea. In the present study, we report an additional case of canine wound myiasis with identification of its causative agent, Lucilia sericata. An 8-year-old male Siberian husky dog was referred with anorexia, vomiting, and diarrhea to the Chungbuk National University Veterinary Medical Center, Cheongju-si (city), Chungcheongbuk-do (province), Korea in July 2013...
October 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826488/open-capsulotomy-an-effective-but-overlooked-treatment-for-capsular-contracture-after-breast-augmentation
#19
Eric Swanson
BACKGROUND: The prevailing theory for capsular contracture after breast augmentation is a subclinical capsular infection. A capsulectomy, site change, and implant replacement are recommended. An open capsulotomy leaves the capsule in the patient. Theoretically, such a procedure would be ineffective because it does not remove the infected tissue. Recurrences occurred frequently in women treated in the 1970s when leaky silicone gel implants were in use. Open capsulotomy has not been studied in women implanted with third-generation devices...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824737/povidone-iodine-0-05-chlorhexidine-gluconate-or-water-for-periurethral-cleaning-before-indwelling-urinary-catheterization-in-a-pediatric-intensive-care-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Duygu Sönmez Düzkaya, Gülzade Uysal, Gülçin Bozkurt, Tülay Yakut, Agop Çitak
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of periurethral cleaning with 10% povidone-iodine, 0.05% chlorhexidine gluconate, or sterile water in preventing catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) prior to indwelling urinary catheter insertion in a pediatric intensive care unit. A secondary aim was to identify pathogens resulting in CAUTIs in this group. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: One hundred twenty-two patients cared for in a pediatric intensive care unit of a university hospital between September 2012 and December 2013 participated in the study...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
keyword
keyword
18387
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"