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E Espigares, E Moreno Roldan, M Espigares, R Abreu, B Castro, A L Dib, Á Arias
The aim of this research was to study the phenotypic resistances to disinfectants and antibiotics in strains of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) obtained from Canary black pigs. Analyses were performed on 54 strains of MRSA, isolated in Canary black pigs from the province of Tenerife (Spain); all of them carried the mecA gene. The strains were isolated by means of nasal swab samples of healthy pigs, collected under veterinarian supervision. Bactericidal activity of antiseptics and disinfectants was tested by means of the dilution-neutralization method...
October 20, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
Santram Lodhi, Avijeet Jain, Alok Pal Jain, Rajesh Singh Pawar, Abhay Kumar Singhai
OBJECTIVE: Martynia annua L. (M. annua), (Martyniaccae) has been traditionally used in the treatment of epilepsy, sore throat and inflammatory disorders. The leaf paste is used topically on Tuberculosis of the lymphatic glands and wounds of domestic animals. Tephrosia purpurea (T. purpurea), (Fabaceae) has been used traditionally as a remedy for asthma, gonorrhea, rheumatism and ulcers. This study aimed to evaluate the potential wound healing effects of different fractions ofethanol extract of M...
September 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
Asim V Farooq, Joshua H Hou, Sarmad Jassim, Zeeshan Haq, Elmer Y Tu, Jose de la Cruz, Maria S Cortina
OBJECTIVES: To determine the rate of biofilm formation on bandage contact lenses worn by patients with the Boston type 1 keratoprosthesis (K-Pro) while on prophylactic topical vancomycin versus linezolid. METHODS: Patients wearing a bandage contact lens (BCL) with a K-Pro were eligible for enrollment. After irrigation of the ocular surface with 5% povidone-iodine solution, each patient was placed on either topical vancomycin 15 mg/mL or linezolid 0.2% BID for one month...
October 13, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
Eleni Chamaidi, Azzam Farroha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Rohan Merani, Zachary E McPherson, Alan P Luckie, Jagjit S Gilhotra, Jim Runciman, Shane Durkin, James Muecke, Mark Donaldson, Albert Aralar, Anupam Rao, Peter E Davies
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of endophthalmitis in a large clinical series using aqueous chlorhexidine for antisepsis before intravitreal injection and to review the ophthalmic literature regarding chlorhexidine efficacy and safety. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: All patients receiving intravitreal injections from 7 retinal specialists. METHODS: An audit of intravitreal injections performed by retinal specialists who exclusively used aqueous chlorhexidine 0...
October 6, 2016: Ophthalmology
Sreevani Pothireddy, Adilaxmamma Kaliki, Alpha Raj Mekapogu, Muralidhar Yegireddy, Eswara Prasad Pagadala, Tollamadugu Naga Venkata Krishna Vara Prasad
Wound healing requires a series of cellular events and a cascade of co-ordinated and systemic biochemical events. Silver nanoparticles possess many beneficial properties for wound management including antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and pro-healing properties. In this study, the authors investigated the wound healing properties of Cinnamomum verum extract mediated nanosilver (CENS) particles in comparison with 1% povidone iodine, citrate mediate NS and CE treatments. The topical application of CENS showed good antibacterial activity and accelerated wound healing with complete epithelialisation and normal re-growth of hair in all three models of study: namely, excision, incision and dead space models in rats compared with all other treatments...
October 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
Gregory J Bever, Frank L Brodie, David G Hwang
BACKGROUND: Chlorhexidine skin preparation has been shown to provide highly effective antimicrobial presurgical skin cleansing. However, there is a significant risk of ocular toxicity when it is used in periocular areas. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe 2 cases of significant corneal damage resulting from 4% chlorhexidine gluconate preoperative skin cleanser, despite the use of protective occlusive dressing over the eyes. Because of the potential for severe corneal toxicity resulting from use of chlorhexidine, alternative agents such as 10% povidone-iodine should be considered for skin preparation near periocular areas whenever possible...
September 16, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Rashmi Jawade, Vishnudas Bhandari, Gauri Ugale, Snehal Taru, Surbhi Khaparde, Arun Kulkarni, Mukesh Ardale, Shraddha Marde
INTRODUCTION: Dentists are more prone for developing infectious diseases especially related to respiratory system. The ultrasonic scaler which is a major source of dental aerosol production is most frequently used contrivance in a dental set up. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of povidone iodine and chlorhexidine gluconate as an ultrasonic liquid coolant on aerosols in comparison with distilled water. The objectives of this study were to compare the potency of povidone iodine and chlorhexidine gluconate on reducing dental aerosols and quantitative assessment of microbial content of dental aerosols at right, left and behind the dental chair...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
O Mitani, A Nishikawa, I Kurokawa, E C Gabazza, M Ikeda, H Mizutani
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a novel topical wound-healing agent, low-concentration povidone-iodine ointment (LPIO) with a hydrophobic white petrolatum-rich base on skin-wound models in rats and rabbits. METHOD: The therapeutic efficacy of topically applied LPIO was compared to that of standard-concentration povidone-iodine ointment (SPIO) and non-treatment control, using a full-thickness skin-wound model in 24 hairless rats and a full-thickness skin-defect model in rabbit earlobes...
September 2016: Journal of Wound Care
Harald Rösner, Wolfgang Möller, Sabine Groebner, Pompilio Torremante
Clinical trials have revealed that molecular iodine (I2) has beneficial effects in fibrocystic breast disease and in cyclic mastalgia. Likewise, povidone-iodine (PVP-I), which is widely used in clinical practice as an antiseptic agent following tumour surgery, has been demonstrated to have cytotoxic effects on colon cancer and ascites tumour cells. Our previous study indicated that the growth of breast cancer and seven other human malignant cell lines was variably diminished by I2 and iodolactones. With the intention of developing an iodine-based anticancer therapy, the present investigations extended these studies by comparing the cytotoxic capacities of I2, potassium iodide (KJ), PVP-I and Lugol's solution on various human carcinoma cell lines...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
Jordon T Walker, Nirmish Singla, Claus G Roehrborn
A rise in antimicrobial resistant uropathogens has generated a global increase in infections following transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUS-Bx). We performed a systematic search of Ovid MEDLINE® and PubMed to comprehensively review strategies to mitigate infections. Of 1664 articles retrieved, 62 were included. The data suggest that augmented prophylaxis and povidone-iodine bowel preparation warrant consideration in regions with high rates of antimicrobial resistance. Transperineal biopsy may be a safer, equally effective alternative to TRUS-Bx in select cases...
2016: Reviews in Urology
T U Krohne, J-P Allam, N Novak, F G Holz
BACKGROUND: Preoperative disinfection with povidone-iodine results in a significant reduction of the risk for postoperative endophthalmitis and secondary irreversible vision loss in intraocular surgeries and intravitreal injections. Nevertheless, this important measure is often omitted if so-called "iodine allergy" is suspected. We analyze the physiological and allergological basis for the construct of "iodine allergy". METHODS: This article is based on a selective literature review using the search term "allergy" in combination with "iodine", "povidone", "indocyanine green", or "seafood"...
September 6, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Mohamed Abdelfatah
AIM: This study discusses the causes, methods of prevention, and management of the disaster of a dropped skull flap. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed all incidents of dropped skull flaps in Ain-Shams University hospitals during a 10-year period Results: Thirty one incidents of dropped skull flaps occurred from January 2004 to January 2014 out of more than 10,000 craniotomies. Follow-up period varied from 20 to 44 months. The bone flap was dropped while elevating the bone (n = 16), while drilling the bone on the operating table (n = 5), and during insertion of the bone flap (n = 10)...
May 25, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
K Husodo, A F Kamal, A A Yusuf
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of povidone iodine and hydrogen peroxide on fracture healing in a rat model. METHODS: The middle section of the right femur of 36 male Sprague Dawley rats was osteotomised with a saw. In the control group (n=9), the wound was irrigated with 100 ml 0.9% saline. In the 10% povidone iodine (n=9), 1% povidone iodine (n=9), and 3% hydrogen peroxide (n=9) groups, the wound was completely soaked with the respective solution for 2 minutes, and then irrigated with 100 ml saline...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Julia D Rossetto, Sirinya Suwannaraj, Kara M Cavuoto, Oriel Spierer, Darlene Miller, Craig A McKeown, Hilda Capo
Importance: Although the association between suture colonization and postoperative infections remains hypothetical, measures to reduce perioperative suture colonization may minimize postoperative infections. The suture colonization rate in adjustable suture strabismus surgery is not well defined, and the effect of povidone-iodine use on suture colonization is unknown. Objective: To assess whether povidone-iodine application at the end of adjustable suture strabismus surgery decreases the suture colonization rate...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
Sonali Malhotra, Shilpa Kumta, Alok Bhutada, Elka Jacobson-Dickman, Roja Motaghedi
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal thyrotoxicosis is a life-threatening condition with potentially irreversible neurologic sequelae. Most cases are seen in neonates born to mothers with Graves' disease. Topical iodine-induced hypothyroidism has been reported in neonates, but iodine-induced neonatal hyperthyroidism has not been described; albeit a familiar entity in adults. CASE DESCRIPTION: Herein we present a unique case of a neonate, born with a giant omphalocele, who was treated with topical povidone-iodine dressings to promote escharification, in preparation for delayed surgical closure...
April 2016: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
Kazuki Matsuura, Dai Miyazaki, Shin-Ichi Sasaki, Keiko Yakura, Yoshitsugu Inoue, Masako Sakamoto
PURPOSE: To determine the antiseptic efficacy of timely intraoperative iodine irrigation during cataract surgery. METHODS: A total of 198 eyes of 99 cataract surgery patients were studied. The eyes were randomly assigned to treatment with or without timely intraoperative iodine irrigation of the surgical field with an iodine compound equivalent to 0.33 % povidone-iodine. In eyes in the timely intraoperative iodine irrigation group, the ocular surface was irrigated twice intraoperatively-before the initial incision and before insertion of the intraocular lens (IOL)...
August 22, 2016: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
Abdhish R Bhavsar, Adam R Glassman, Cynthia R Stockdale, Lee M Jampol
Importance: This report provides updated endophthalmitis rates for eyes receiving intravitreous injections with and without povidone-iodine and rates with and without topical antibiotics from Diabetic Retinopathy Clinical Research Network clinical trials. Observations: Among 8 Diabetic Retinopathy Clinical Research Network clinical trials conducted from 2006 to 2015, 28 786 intravitreous injections were administered (3123 eyes), and 20 617 of those (2264 eyes) were administered between 2012 and 2015...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
Hayrullah Yazar, Abdulhekim Yarbag, Mehmet Balci, Bahri Teker, Pelin Tanyeri
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of classical treatment and povidone-iodine treatment for adenoviral conjunctivitis. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the Centre of Marmara Eye Health, Sakarya, Turkey, between January 2011 and February 2014, and comprised adult patients suffering from adenoviral conjunctivitis. The participants were randomly divided into two groups. Group I was given povidone-iodine solution while Group II was given the classical treatment and was taken as control...
August 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
M Bhatia, P S Loomba, B Mishra, V Dogra, A Thakur
Dealing with carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-Kp) strains, which are generally pan-drug resistant, is an uphill task for health care professionals. Owing to limited therapeutic options and the possibility of development of resistance to commonly used biocides in hospital settings, CR-Kp infections pose a serious threat of emergence of a dreaded pandemic. The aim of the study was to highlight the possibility of emergence of biocide resistance among CR-Kp strains. A case study was conducted in a Super-specialty Hospital in September 2015...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
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