keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Levofloxacin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166257/raoultella-planticola-a-rare-cause-of-wound-infection
#1
Shana S Kalaria, Kristina Elliott, Neal Combs, Linda G Phillips
Raoultella planticola is a gram-negative, aerobic, rod bacterium commonly found in the environment, particularly in water, soil, and fish. This organism has been found to cause a variety of infections, such as necrotizing fasciitis, cystitis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, hepatic disease, and soft tissue infections. The authors report the case of a 73-year-old-woman who presented with a R planticola wound infection of her left lower extremity after a dog scratch. She was treated successfully with local wound care using dehydrated human amnion/chorion and oral levofloxacin...
November 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163998/multifocal-pulmonary-granular-cell-tumor-presenting-with-postobstructive-pneumonia
#2
Samid M Farooqui, Muhammad S Khan, Laura Adhikari, Viral Doshi
Granular cell tumor (GCT) is a neoplasm of Schwann cell origin. Its presence in the aerodigestive tract is uncommon and becomes a diagnostic challenge on initial presentation. Our case is of a 59-year-old woman who presented to the emergency department with a history of productive cough and dyspnea associated with fever and chest pain. An initial chest X-ray (CXR) showed a right middle lobe consolidation with follow-up Computed Tomography (CT) scan showing a mass in the right bronchus. Bronchoscopy revealed a polypoid, sessile granular mass in the right bronchus intermedius with multiple white lesions in trachea, left main bronchus, and right upper bronchi...
2017: Case Reports in Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158999/recurrent-primary-suprahepatic-abscess-due-to-providencia-stuartii-a-rare-phenomenon
#3
Kyawzaw Lin, Aung Naing Lin, Sandar Linn, Madhavi Reddy, Anjali Bakshi
Gram-negative urease-producing bacilli, Providencia stuartii (P. stuartii), is reported in urinary tract infections, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia in humans but they rarely present with a hepatic abscess. We present a rare case of a recurrent suprahepatic cyst due to P. stuartii in a 45-year-old female, intravenous ( IV) heroin abuser with chronic hepatitis B and C. A 45-year-old female with 10 days status post right suprahepatic abscess drainage presented with recurrent, right, upper quadrant abdominal pain for one day...
September 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158271/evaluation-of-the-in-vitro-activity-of-ceftaroline-and-comparators-against-s-pneumoniae-isolates-from-u-s-hospitals-results-from-7-years-of-the-aware-surveillance-program-2010-2016
#4
Michael A Pfaller, Rodrigo E Mendes, Leonard R Duncan, Robert K Flamm, Helio S Sader
We evaluated trends in Streptococcus pneumoniae antimicrobial susceptibility in United States hospitals in the 2010--2016 period. A total of 8,768 clinical isolates from 47 medical centers were tested for susceptibility by broth microdilution methods. Multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) rates decreased from 25.7/12.4% (MDR/XDR) in 2010 to 17.7%/3.6% in 2016. Susceptibility to most comparator antimicrobial agents increased, whereas susceptibility to ceftaroline, levofloxacin, linezolid, and tigecycline remained stable...
November 20, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157990/new-method-for-antibiotic-release-from-bone-cement-polymethylmethacrylate-redefining-boundaries
#5
E Carbó-Laso, P Sanz-Ruiz, J C Del Real-Romero, Y Ballesteros-Iglesias, E Paz-Jiménez, F Arán-Ais, M Sánchez-Navarro, M A Pérez-Limiñana, I López-Torres, J Vaquero-Martín
INTRODUCTION: The increasing antimicrobial resistance is promoting the addition of antibiotics with high antistaphylococcal activity to polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), for use in cement spacers in periprosthetic joint infection. Linezolid and levofloxacin have already been used in in-vitro studies, however, rifampicin has been shown to have a deleterious effect on the mechanical properties of PMMA, because it inhibits PMMA polymerization. The objective of our study was to isolate the rifampicin during the polymerization process using microencapsulation techniques, in order to obtain a PMMA suitable for manufacturing bone cement spacers...
November 17, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156865/antibacterial-resistance-patterns-and-incidence-of-hospital-acquired-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-in-a-tertiary-care-educational-hospital-in-turkey-a-perspective-from-2001-to-2013
#6
Oğuz Reşat Sipahi, Serhat Uysal, Sabire Şöhret Aydemir, Hüsnü Pullukçu, Meltem Taşbakan, Alper Tünger, Fatma Feriha Çilli, Tansu Yamazhan, Bilgin Arda, Hilal Sipahi, Sercan Ulusoy
Background/aim: Staphylococcus aureus is an important nosocomial pathogen and a successful antimicrobial-resistance developer. In this study we retrospectively evaluated the resistance patterns and incidence of microbiologically confirmed nosocomial bacteremia (MCNB) related S. aureus strains between 2001 and 2013. Materials and methods: Any patient in whom S. aureus was isolated in at least one set of blood cultures (sent to the bacteriology laboratory 72 h after hospital admission) was considered to have MCNB...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151781/molecular-epidemiology-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-pathotypes-in-diarrheal-children-from-low-socioeconomic-status-communities-in-bihar-india-emergence-of-the-ctx-m-type
#7
Abhishek Mandal, Abhishek Sengupta, Ajay Kumar, Utpal K Singh, Anil K Jaiswal, Pradeep Das, Sushmita Das
Background: Childhood diarrheal diseases remain highly endemic in India, but the emergence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli among children with diarrhea in Bihar remains elusive. In this study, we determine and characterize ESBL-producing E coli pathotypes among hospitalized diarrheal preschool children living in low socioeconomic level communities in Bihar, India. Materials and methods: The stool samples were collected everyday throughout the year for 2 consecutive years...
2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147962/retrospective-review-of-ceftriaxone-versus-levofloxacin-for-treatment-of-e-coli-urinary-tract-infections
#8
Samantha S Wang, Patrick D Ratliff, William R Judd
Background Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections. Options for initial treatment of pyelonephritis or UTI requiring hospitalization include levofloxacin (LVF) or extended-spectrum cephalosporins. Globally, uropathogenic Escherichia coli resistance rates to fluoroquinolones have increased in recent years. Objective To compare clinical outcomes of patients receiving ceftriaxone (CTX) to those who received LVF empirically for the treatment of E. coli UTI. Setting 433-bed community hospital in Lexington, KY...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144909/re-the-effectiveness-of-prophylactic-antibiotics-with-oral-levofloxacin-against-post-shock-wave-lithotripsy-infectious-complications-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141717/diagnostic-accuracy-of-global-pharma-health-fund-minilab%C3%A2-in-assessing-pharmacopoeial-quality-of-antimicrobials
#10
Hui Pan, William Ba-Thein
Global Pharma Health Fund (GPHF) Minilab™, a semi-quantitative thin-layer chromatography (TLC)-based commercially available test kit, is widely used in drug quality surveillance globally, but its diagnostic accuracy is unclear. We investigated the diagnostic accuracy of minilab system for antimicrobials, using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) as reference standard. Following the Minilab protocols and the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China protocols, Minilab-TLC and HPLC were used to test five common antimicrobials (506 batches) for relative concentration of active pharmaceutical ingredients...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138101/primary-antibiotic-resistance-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-chinese-patients-a-multi-region-prospective-7-year-study
#11
Dong-Sheng Liu, You-Hua Wang, Zhi-Rong Zeng, Zhen-Yu Zhang, Hong Lu, Jian-Ming Xu, Yi-Qi Du, Yan Li, Jiang-Bin Wang, San-Ping Xu, Ye Chen, Chun-Hui Lan, Hong Cheng, Ming-de Jiang, Ling-Xia Zhang, Li-Juan Huo, Shi-Yao Chen, Guo-Xin Zhang, Kai-Chun Wu, Xuan Zhu, You-Xiang Chen, Yin Zhu, Xu Shu, Yong Xie, Nong-Hua Lu
OBJECTIVES: To explore the characteristics of H. pylori resistance in China and the association between antibiotic resistance and several clinical factors. METHODS: H. pylori strains were collected from patients in 13 provinces/cities in China between 2010 and 2016. Demographic data including type of disease, geographic area, age, gender and isolation year were collected to analyse their association with antibiotic resistance. Antibiotic resistance was detected using the Epsilometer test and the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method...
November 11, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138021/gyra-and-or-parc-alterations-of-haemophilus-influenzae-strains-isolated-from-the-urethra-of-men-with-acute-urethritis
#12
Hiromi Kondo, Shin Ito, Kyoko Hatazaki, Kengo Horie, Keita Nakane, Kosuke Mizutani, Tomohiro Tsuchiya, Mitsuru Yasuda, Shigeaki Yokoi, Masahiro Nakano, Takashi Deguchi
Of 73 clinical strains of Haemophilus influenzae isolated from the urethra of men with urogenital infections, we enrolled 6 strains (8.2%) with levofloxacin (LVFX) minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of ≥0.03 μg/ml in this study. All the strains were isolated from non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU). We amplified the quinolone resistance-determining region of the gyrA gene and the analogous region of the parC gene from bacterial DNAs by PCR and sequenced the PCR products. Two strains with a LVFX MIC of 0...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137626/treatment-outcomes-of-mdr-tuberculosis-patients-in-brazil-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#13
Mayara Lisboa Bastos, Lorrayne Beliqui Cosme, Geisa Fregona, Thiago Nascimento do Prado, Adelmo Inácio Bertolde, Eliana Zandonade, Mauro N Sanchez, Margareth Pretti Dalcolmo, Afrânio Kritski, Anete Trajman, Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a threat for the global TB epidemic control. Despite existing evidence that individualized treatment of MDR-TB is superior to standardized regimens, the latter are recommended in Brazil, mainly because drug-susceptibility tests (DST) are often restricted to first-line drugs in public laboratories. We compared treatment outcomes of MDR-TB patients using standardized versus individualized regimens in Brazil, a high TB-burden, low resistance setting...
November 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136063/levofloxacin-induced-purpura-annularis-telangiectodes-of-majocchi
#14
Jean-Phillip Okhovat, Jennifer L Hsiao, Philip Scumpia, Ki-Young Yoo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134582/long-term-efficacy-of-comprehensive-multidisciplinary-antibiotic-stewardship-programs-centered-on-weekly-prospective-audit-and-feedback
#15
Takeshi Kimura, Atsushi Uda, Tomoyuki Sakaue, Kazuhiko Yamashita, Tatsuya Nishioka, Sho Nishimura, Kei Ebisawa, Manabu Nagata, Goh Ohji, Tatsuya Nakamura, Chihiro Koike, Mari Kusuki, Takeshi Ioroi, Akira Mukai, Yasuhisa Abe, Hiroyuki Yoshida, Midori Hirai, Soichi Arakawa, Ikuko Yano, Kentaro Iwata, Issei Tokimatsu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term effects of comprehensive antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs) on antibiotic use, antimicrobial-resistant bacteria, and clinical outcomes. DESIGN: Before-after study. SETTING: National university hospital with 934 beds. INTERVENTION: Implementation in March 2010 of a comprehensive ASPs including, among other strategies, weekly prospective audit and feedback with multidisciplinary collaboration...
November 13, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133571/development-of-protective-immunity-in-new-zealand-white-rabbits-challenged-with-bacillus-anthracis-spores-and-treated-with-antibiotics-and-obiltoxaximab-a-monoclonal-antibody-against-protective-antigen
#16
Lisa N Henning, Sarah Carpenter, Gregory V Stark, Natalya V Serbina
Recommended management of inhalational anthrax, a high-priority bioterrorist threat, includes antibiotics and antitoxins. Obiltoxaximab, a chimeric monoclonal antibody against anthrax Protective Antigen (PA) is licensed under the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) Animal Rule for treatment of inhalational anthrax. Because of spore latency, disease re-emergence after treatment cessation is a concern and there is a need to understand development of endogenous protective immune responses following antitoxin-containing anthrax treatment regimens...
November 13, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133560/levofloxacin-population-pharmacokinetics-in-south-african-children-treated-for-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#17
Paolo Denti, Anthony J Garcia-Prats, Heather R Draper, Lubbe Wiesner, Jana Winckler, Stephanie Thee, Kelly E Dooley, Rada M Savic, Helen M McIlleron, H Simon Schaaf, Anneke C Hesseling
Background: Levofloxacin is increasingly used in the treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). There are limited paediatric pharmacokinetic data to inform dose selection for children.Methods: Children routinely receiving levofloxacin (250 mg adult tablets) for MDR-TB prophylaxis or disease in Cape Town, South Africa, underwent pharmacokinetic sampling following a 15 or 20 mg/kg dose, given as whole tablet(s) or crushed, orally, or by nasogastric tube. Pharmacokinetic parameters were estimated using non-linear mixed effects modelling...
November 13, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133554/what-is-resistance-impact-of-phenotypic-versus-molecular-drug-resistance-testing-on-multi-and-extensively-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-therapy
#18
Jan Heyckendorf, Sönke Andres, Claudio U Köser, Ioana D Olaru, Thomas Schön, Erik Sturegård, Patrick Beckert, Viola Schleusener, Thomas A Kohl, Doris Hillemann, Danesh Moradigaravand, Julian Parkhill, Sharon J Peacock, Stefan Niemann, Christoph Lange, Matthias Merker
Rapid and accurate drug-susceptibility testing (DST) is essential for the treatment of multi- and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (M/XDR-TB). We compared the utility of genotypic DST assays with phenotypic DST (pDST) using BACTEC 960 MGIT or Löwenstein-Jensen to construct M/XDR-TB treatment regimens for a cohort of 25 consecutive M/XDR-TB patients and 15 possible anti-TB drugs.Genotypic DST results from Cepheid GeneXpert MTB/RIF (Xpert) and line probe assays (LPAs: Hain GenoType MTBDRplus 2.0 and MTBDRsl 2...
November 13, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132114/drug-eluting-silicone-hydrogel-for-therapeutic-contact-lenses-impact-of-sterilization-methods-on-the-system-performance
#19
Raquel Galante, Andreia S Oliveira, Ana Topete, Daniela Ghisleni, Marina Braga, Terezinha J A Pinto, Rogério Colaço, Ana Paula Serro
Although contact lenses are promising platforms for ocular drug delivery and have been extensively studied for that purpose, the influence of sterilization methods on these systems remains barely investigated. In this work, a silicone-based hydrogel was produced and loaded with different ophthalmic drugs: levofloxacin, chlorhexidine, diclofenac and timolol. The drug release profiles, along with several material properties, were evaluated before and after sterilization by three different methods steam heat, γ-irradiation and ozone gas...
November 8, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131910/resistant-infantile-bacterial-conjunctivitis-in-egypt-a-microbiology-study
#20
Aiman Abdeltawwab Hashish, Molham Abdelhafez Elbakary, Waleed Abdelhady Allam
PURPOSE: To study the microbiological aspects of infantile bacterial conjunctivitis resistant to empirical topical antibiotic therapy in Egypt. METHODS: Ninety-two eyes of 86 infants with bacterial conjunctivitis were included in this prospective study. They all failed to show evidence of clinical improvement after 2 weeks of empirical topical antibiotic therapy. Conjunctival swabs were obtained from all patients for bacterial culture and antibiotic sensitivity testing...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
keyword
keyword
18382
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"