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Emy Koestanti S, Wiwik Misaco, Sri Chusniati, Lilik Maslachah
Background: Brucellosis in pigs at East Java Indonesia has not only cause great economic losses due to a decrease in productivity of livestock but also are zoonotic. Infection on free brucelosis pigs were initially begun with the infected pigs both male and female, or the use of superior male pigs together. The elimination of the disease either on a group or population is considered as the most effective way to prevent the spread of the disease in pigs. Prevention efforts mainly addressed to vaccination, sanitary maintenace and government policy...
2018: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
Ozgur Gunal, Serbulent Yigit, Arzu Didem Yalcın, Betul Celik, Sener Barut, Osman Demir, Omer Ates, Fazilet Duygu, Safak Kaya, Aydin Rustemoglu, Ozlem Sezer
In this study, associations between IL-4, IL-6, and macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) polymorphisms and susceptibility to brucellosis were investigated. Consecutive adult patients with no known treatment against brucellosis and who did not have any other autoimmune and/or chronic disorders, were included in this study (n = 120, Group I). Age and sex-matched controls who had no other autoimmune and/or chronic disorders were also included (n = 120, healthy volunteers, Group II). The IL4_P2P2 genotype, IL4_P1 allele, and IL4_variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR)_IL6-174CG compound genotype were found to be more frequent in the patient group than in control subjects...
January 24, 2017: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
Guillermina García-Juárez, J Efrén Ramírez-Bribiesca, Maricela Hernández-Vázquez, Luz Marina Hernández-Calva, Efrén Díaz-Aparicio, Hermila Orozco-Bolaños
OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk of brucellosis in the state of Tlaxcala, Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A diagnosis of social type was conducted in the municipalities of Huamantla, Ixtenco and Teacalco, located in the eastern region of the state. The seroprevalence of brucellosis in goats and humans was determined. RESULTS: 46.9% of producers know the programs of vaccination against brucellosis; 19.7% apply the vaccine and 80.3% do not apply the vaccine...
July 2014: Salud Pública de México
Jia-Yun Li, Yuan Liu, Xiao-Xue Gao, Xiang Gao, Hong Cai
Brucella abortus is a zoonotic Gram-negative pathogen that causes brucelosis in ruminants and humans. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) recognize Brucella abortus and initiate antigen-presenting cell activities that affect both innate and adaptive immunity. In this study, we focused on recombinant Brucella cell-surface protein 31 (rBCSP31) to determine its effects on mouse macrophages. Our results demonstrated that rBCSP31 induced TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-12p40 production, which depended on the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) by stimulating the rapid phosphorylation of p38 and JNK and the activation of transcription factor NF-κB in macrophages...
September 2014: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
N L Kanuya, M K Matiko, B M Kessy, F O Mgongo, E Ropstad, O Reksen
A prospective longitudinal study was carried out from September 2001 to June 2004 in three adjacent villages in a semi-arid area of Tanzania. The objectives of this study were to measure the intervals between calving and either resumption of cyclical activity or confirmation of pregnancy, to estimate calving intervals, and to investigate the effect of factors assumed to be related to postpartum reproductive performance. A total of 275 lactation periods from 177 Tanzanian Shorthorn Zebu cows managed in a traditional pastoral system in 46 households were initially included...
June 2006: Theriogenology
Begoña López Hernández, Diego Almagro Nievas, María José Cabrera Castillo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The management of biosanitary (hospital) waste, while being a key issue in the prevention of public health risks, involves professional risks as well. The objective of this study was to analyze the risks of infection and their relation with the various works within a cluster of brucellosis detected in an infectious waste plant. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Cross-descriptive study of the total of 24 employees at the waste plant. A survey was carried out taking into account personal as well as professional items and serological tests...
March 22, 2003: Medicina Clínica
A Emmerzaal, J J de Wit, Th Dijkstra, D Bakker, F G van Zijderveld
The Dutch national Brucella abortus eradication programme for cattle started in 1959. Sporadic cases occurred yearly until 1995; the last infected herd was culled in 1996. In August 1999 the Netherlands was declared officially free of bovine brucellosis by the European Union. Before 1999, the programme to monitor the official Brucella-free status of bovine herds was primarily based on periodical testing of dairy herds with the milk ring test (MRT) and serological testing of all animals older than 1 year of age from non-dairy herds, using the micro-agglutination test (MAT) as screening test...
February 2002: Veterinary Quarterly
A M Sifuentes-Rincón, A Revol, H A Barrera-Saldaña
BACKGROUND: Brucelosis is a severe acute febrile disease caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella. Its current diagnosis is based on clinical observations that may be complemented by serology and microbiological culture tests; however, the former is limited in sensitivity and specificity, the latter is time consuming. To improve brucelosis diagnosis we developed a test which is specific and sensitive and is capable of differentiating the six species of Brucella. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four primers were designed from B...
November 1997: Molecular Medicine
J Castell Monsalve, J V Rullán, E F Peiró Callizo, A Nieto-Sandoval Alcolea
BACKGROUND: In spite of the great effort that has been made in recent years in Castilla-La Mancha to control brucelosis, a lack of awareness on the part of producers and consumers leads to major epidemic outbreak, such as the one described below. METHODS: A description of the outbreak is described and a study is conducted of cases and controls to determine the factors which are responsible for the epidemic. Unadjusted and adjusted Odds Ratios (O.R.) are obtained together with their confidence intervals, for the main epidemiological factors studied...
May 1996: Revista Española de Salud Pública
J Casas, Y Partal, J Llosá, J Leiva, J M Navarro, M de la Rosa
BACKGROUND: The ability of in vitro and in vivo detection of Brucella spp. with the Bact/Alert system was studied. METHODS: Three strains of Brucella melitensis and two of Brucella abortus were used. Different dilutions of the five strains were performed in trypticase soy broth (TSB), achieving concentrations of 1 cfu/ml, 5 cfu/ml, 10 cfu/ml and 100 cfu/ml. Ten ml of each dilution and strain were inoculated into 5 aerobic bottles Bact/Alert and 5 biphasic Hemóline bottles...
December 1994: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
R M Davidson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1970: Bulletin—Office International des épizooties
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