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Acute myocardial infarction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350812/sports-related-sudden-cardiac-deaths-in-the-young-population-of-switzerland
#1
Babken Asatryan, Cristina Vital, Christoph Kellerhals, Argelia Medeiros-Domingo, Christoph Gräni, Lukas D Trachsel, Christian M Schmied, Ardan M Saguner, Prisca Eser, David Herzig, Stephan Bolliger, Katarzyna Michaud, Matthias Wilhelm
BACKGROUND: In Switzerland, ECG screening was first recommended for national squad athletes in 1998. Since 2001 it has become mandatory in selected high-risk professional sports. Its impact on the rates of sports-related sudden cardiac death (SCD) is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the incidence, causes and time trends of sports-related SCD in comparison to SCD unrelated to exercise in Switzerland. METHODS: We reviewed all forensic reports of SCDs of the German-speaking region of Switzerland in the age group of 10 to 39 years, occurring between 1999 and 2010...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346284/an-electronic-cardiac-rehabilitation-referral-system-increases-cardiac-rehabilitation-referrals
#2
James P Pirruccello, Kathleen C Traynor, Pradeep Natarajan, Carol Brown, Michael K Hidrue, Kenneth A Rosenfield, Sekar Kathiresan, Jason H Wasfy
AIM: Although cardiac rehabilitation attendance is associated with improved clinical outcomes for patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), it remains underutilized nationally. We sought to determine whether replacing traditional, paper-based referrals for cardiac rehabilitation for patients with AMI with an electronic referral system would increase utilization. METHODS AND RESULTS: We implemented the change from traditional, paper-based referrals to electronic referrals at the Massachusetts General Hospital on 10 December 2013...
March 24, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345953/reperfusion-ventricular-arrhythmia-bursts-identify-larger-infarct-size-in-spite-of-optimal-epicardial-and-microvascular-reperfusion-using-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#3
Kirian van der Weg, Wichert J Kuijt, Sebastiaan Cam Bekkers, Jan Gp Tijssen, Cynthia L Green, Miguel E Lemmert, Mitchell W Krucoff, Anton Pm Gorgels
AIMS: Ventricular arrhythmia (VA) bursts following recanalisation in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are related to larger infarct size (IS). Inadequate microvascular reperfusion, as determined by microvascular obstruction (MVO) using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), is also known to be associated with larger IS. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that VA bursts identify larger infarct size in spite of optimal microvascular reperfusion. METHODS: All 65 STEMI patients from the Maastricht ST elevation (MAST) study with brisk epicardial flow (TIMI 3), complete ST recovery post-percutaneous coronary intervention and early CMR were included...
March 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345679/impact-of-climate-conditions-on-hospital-admissions-for-subcategories-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#4
Sanja Bijelović, Nataša Dragić, Milorad Bijelović, Mila Kovačević, Marija Jevtić, Olivera Ninkovic Mrđenovački
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study has been to examine the association between climate conditions (CC) and hospital admissions for the subcategories of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), according to patients' age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 2010 through December 2011, the daily number of hospital admissions for angina pectoris (AP), essential hypertension (EH), acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and ischemic heart diseases (IHD) for adults (19-64 years old) and the elderly (≥ 65 years old), as well as for the CC (N = 728 days) was collected for multivariate Poisson regression analysis, confounding with season and weekends...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345539/admission-glucose-and-in-hospital-mortality-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-patients-with-or-without-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Shi Zhao, Karthik Murugiah, Na Li, Xi Li, Zi-Hui Xu, Jing Li, Chen Cheng, Hong Mao, Nicholas S Downing, Harlan M Krumholz, Li-Xin Jiang
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia on admission has been found to elevate risk for mortality and adverse clinical events after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but there are evidences that the relationship of blood glucose and mortality may differ between diabetic and nondiabetic patients. Prior studies in China have provided mixed results and are limited by statistical power. Here, we used data from a large, nationally representative sample of patients hospitalized with AMI in China in 2001, 2006, and 2011 to assess if admission glucose is of prognostic value in China and if this relationship differs depending on the presence or absence of diabetes...
April 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345491/a-comparison-of-toxicities-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia-patients-with-and-without-renal-impairment-treated-with-decitabine
#6
Lauren B Levine, Julianna Vf Roddy, Miryoung Kim, Junan Li, Gary Phillips, Alison R Walker
Purpose There are limited data regarding the clinical use of decitabine for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia in patients with a serum creatinine of 2 mg/dL or greater. Methods We retrospectively evaluated 111 patients with acute myeloid leukemia who had been treated with decitabine and compared the development of toxicities during cycle 1 in those with normal renal function (creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 60 mL/min) to those with renal dysfunction (creatinine clearance less than 60 mL/min)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345366/reply-to-commentary-on-history-of-erectile-dysfunction-as-a-predictor-of-poor-physical-performance-after-an-acute-myocardial-infarction
#7
Leonida Compostella, Li Van Stella Truong, Caterina Compostella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345355/coronary-spasm-secondary-to-cefuroxime-injection-complicated-with-cardiogenic-shock-a-manifestation-of-kounis-syndrome-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Andreas Mitsis, Evi Christodoulou, Panayiota Georgiou
Kounis syndrome is defined as the coincidental occurrence of an acute coronary syndrome with hypersensitivity reactions following an allergic event. The three reported variants of Kounis syndrome are vasospastic allergic angina, allergic myocardial infarction and stent thrombosis with occluding thrombus. The syndrome is caused by various inflammatory mediators. The pathophysiological characteristics of Kounis syndrome involve coronary artery spasm and/or atheromatous plaque erosion or rupture during an allergic reaction...
March 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345145/air-pollution-and-short-term-clinical-outcomes-of-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#9
Min Woo Lee, Byoung Geol Choi, Suhng Wook Kim, Seung-Woon Rha, Min Suk Shim, Dae Jin Kim, Hong Seog Seo, Dong Joo Oh, Myung Ho Jeong
1.Ambient air pollution is well-known to be a serious risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, stroke, and death. However, the association between air pollutants (AP) exposure and short-term clinical outcomes in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients (pts) is not well elucidated yet. 2.In the present study, 37,880 AMI pts were enrolled finally from October 2005 to December 2013 in a nationwide large-scale, prospective, multicenter Korea AMI registry (KAMIR registry; http://www.kamir.or.kr). We obtained data on AP (e...
March 27, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344659/comparison-of-in-hospital-glycemic-variability-and-admission-blood-glucose-in-predicting-short-term-outcomes-in-non-diabetes-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-underwent-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#10
Shu-Hua Mi, Gong Su, Hong-Xia Yang, Yun Zhou, Lei Tian, Tao Zhang, Hong Tao
AIMS: Admission hyperglycemia is associated with increased mortality and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in patients with or without diabetes mellitus after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, effects of glycemic variability (GV) on outcomes of non-diabetes patients with AMI still remains unclear. The aim of this study is to compare the prognostic value of in-hospital GV with admission blood glucose (ABG) for 3-month MACE in non-diabetes patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344655/interactions-among-cox-2-gpiiia-and-p2y1-variants-are-associated-with-aspirin-responsiveness-and-adverse-events-in-patients-with-ischemic-stroke
#11
Xingyang Yi, Zhao Han, Qiang Zhou, Jing Lin, Chun Wang
BACKGROUND: The effect of gene variants and their interactions on response to aspirin and clinical adverse outcomes after an acute ischemic stroke (IS) is not fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of aspirin-relevant gene variants and their interactions with clinical adverse outcomes in IS patients taking aspirin. METHODS: A total of 14 variants from six genes encoding COX enzymes (COX-1, COX-2), platelet membrane receptors (TXAS1, P2Y1, P2Y12) and glycoprotein receptor (GPIIIa) were examined in 850 acute IS patients...
March 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344209/corrigendum-circulating-mir-122-5p-mir-133b-ratio-is-a-specific-early-prognostic-biomarker-in-acute-myocardial-infarction
#12
Nuno Cortez-Dias, Marina C Costa, Pedro Carrilho-Ferreira, Doroteia Silva, Cláudia Jorge, Carina Calisto, Teresa Pessoa, Susana Robalo Martins, João Carvalho de Sousa, Pedro Canas da Silva, Manuela Fiúza, António Nunes Diogo, Fausto J Pinto, Francisco J Enguita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344188/acute-myocardial-infarction-in-a-young-endurance-athlete-caused-by-probable-plaque-erosion
#13
Roisin Colleran, Michael Joner, Nicolas Foin, Robert A Byrne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344141/single-high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-i-to-rule-out-acute-myocardial-infarction
#14
Yader Sandoval, Stephen W Smith, Sara A Love, Anne Sexter, Karen Schulz, Fred S Apple
PURPOSE: Examine the performance of single high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) measurement strategies to rule-out acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: Prospective, observational study of consecutive patients presenting to the emergency department (n=1,631) in whom cTnI measurements where obtained using an investigational hs-cTnI assay. Negative predictive value (NPV) and sensitivity for the a) diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction, type 1 myocardial infarction, and type 2 myocardial infarction and b) safety outcome of acute myocardial infarction or cardiac death at 30 days using hs-cTnI less than the limit of detection (LoD) (<1...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343654/negative-concordant-t-waves-during-paced-ventricular-rhythm-an-honest-enemy-is-better-than-a-false-friend
#15
Irene di Matteo, Pasquale Crea
The ECG diagnosis of myocardial infarction and ischemia in pacemaker patients is often challenging. The three criteria, proposed by Sgarbossa et al. in 1996, useful to suspect myocardial ischaemia in patient with left bundle branch block were demonstrated to be valid also in pacemaker patients. In the last years, concordant negative T waves in patients with ventricular paced rhythm were linked to various expressions of acute myocardial injury. If available, comparison with previous ECG is crucial. Partial persistence of cardiac memory during fusion beats created an anomalous concordance between negative T waves and QRS axis and could induce erroneous suspicions...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343597/national-trends-and-in-hospital-outcomes-in-pregnant-women-with-heart-disease-in-the-united-states
#16
Fabio V Lima, Jie Yang, Jianjin Xu, Kathleen Stergiopoulos
Investigation of trends and outcomes in heart disease (HD) and pregnancy has been limited. We chose to identify the prevalence, trends, and outcomes of pregnant women with different forms of HD in the United States. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's National Inpatient Sample was screened for hospital admissions for delivery in pregnant women with HD from 2003 to 2012. Maternal clinical characteristics and outcomes were identified in women with and without HD, and in HD subtypes: congenital (CHD), valvular HD, cardiomyopathy, and pulmonary hypertension (PH)...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343173/fast-track-protocols-using-highly-sensitive-troponin-assays-for-ruling-out-and-ruling-in-non-st-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome
#17
Simona Ferraro, Alberto Dolci, Mauro Panteghini
The introduction of "highly sensitive" cardiac troponin assays (hsTn) has reinforced the evidence that only serial testing incorporated in running algorithms allows a more accurate diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. In this report, we consider the available evidence supporting the use of fast track protocols for ruling out and ruling in non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and compare it with the content of recently released guideline by the European Society of Cardiology, noting some uncomfortable aspects that need urgent clarification and/or revision...
March 27, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343155/more-than-just-muscle-spasms-a-rare-presentation-of-aortic-dissection
#18
Ebisa Bekele, Deepthi Chaitanya Kagolanu, Martin Kim, Kent Stephenson
Acute aortic dissection is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, often from complications including aortic regurgitation, cardiac tamponade and myocardial infarction. Typical clinical presentation includes a sudden onset of severe chest pain, although this is not always consistent. Clinical signs and symptoms are diverse with an estimated 38% of cases being missed on initial evaluation. Primary neurological symptoms at presentation are rare but have been reported often to coexist with chest pain...
March 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342713/a-laboratory-score-at-presentation-to-rule-out-serious-cardiac-outcomes-or-death-in-patients-presenting-with-symptoms-suggestive-of-acute-coronary-syndrome
#19
Peter A Kavsak, Colleen Shortt, Jinhui Ma, Natasha Clayton, Jonathan Sherbino, Stephen A Hill, Matthew McQueen, Shamir R Mehta, P J Devereaux, Andrew Worster
BACKGROUND: We evaluated whether a low high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) cutoff combined with glucose, red cell distribution width (RDW), and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) can be used to rule-out a serious cardiac outcome or death in patients presenting with symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: This was a prospective observational emergency department (ED) study enrolling consecutive patients presenting with symptoms suggestive of ACS (ClinicalTrials...
March 23, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342504/retraction-notice-to-long-term-trends-1986-2003-in-the-use-of-coronary-reperfusion-strategies-in-patients-hospitalized-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-central-massachusetts-int-j-cardiol-131-2008-83-89
#20
Robert J Goldberg, Frederick A Spencer, Joseph Okolo, Darleen Lessard, Jorge Yarzebski, Joel M Gore
This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy). This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief and Author. This article is a duplicate of a paper that has already been published in the Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis, 23 (2007) 163-71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11239-006-9029-0. One of the conditions of submission of a paper for publication is that authors declare explicitly that the paper is not under consideration for publication elsewhere...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
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