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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643688/-fictional-models-in-the-patient-physician-relationship
#1
EDITORIAL
Gustavo Kusminsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643444/how-media-exposure-relates-to-laypersons-understanding-of-psychopathy
#2
Michael E Keesler, David DeMatteo
While conceptualization of psychopathy has evolved, so too has the public's relationship with psychology changed. Concurrently, portrayal of psychopaths has made several shifts, both through nonfiction sources and in popular film and television. Psychopathic villains of the mid-20th century have made space for a growing cast of protagonist psychopaths. This study examined whether a relationship existed between exposure to fictional psychopaths and how lay individuals conceptualize psychopathy. Specifically, this study explored conceptualization differences based on exposure to antagonist versus protagonist fictional psychopaths...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638536/science-fiction-in-medical-education-the-case-of-learning-styles
#3
EDITORIAL
Jimmie Leppink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632620/science-or-fiction-risk-of-postoperative-pneumonia-with-neuromuscular-blockade
#4
R Victor Zhang, Heather Reed, Lawrence J Caruso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627179/water-lean-solvents-for-post-combustion-co2-capture-fundamentals-uncertainties-opportunities-and-outlook
#5
David J Heldebrant, Phillip K Koech, Vassiliki-Alexandra Glezakou, Roger Rousseau, Deepika Malhotra, David C Cantu
This review is designed to foster the discussion regarding the viability of postcombustion CO2 capture by water-lean solvents, by separating fact from fiction for both skeptics and advocates. We highlight the unique physical and thermodynamic properties of notable water-lean solvents, with a discussion of how such properties could translate to efficiency gains compared to aqueous amines. The scope of this review ranges from the purely fundamental molecular-level processes that govern solvent behavior to bench-scale testing, through process engineering and projections of process performance and cost...
June 19, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626436/judgments-at-gaze-value-gaze-cuing-in-banner-advertisements-its-effect-on-attention-allocation-and-product-judgments
#6
Johanna Palcu, Jennifer Sudkamp, Arnd Florack
Banner advertising is a popular means of promoting products and brands online. Although banner advertisements are often designed to be particularly attention grabbing, they frequently go unnoticed. Applying an eye-tracking procedure, the present research aimed to (a) determine whether presenting human faces (static or animated) in banner advertisements is an adequate tool for capturing consumers' attention and thus overcoming the frequently observed phenomenon of banner blindness, (b) to examine whether the gaze of a featured face possesses the ability to direct consumers' attention toward specific elements (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624101/reversal-of-liver-fibrosis-from-fiction-to-reality
#7
REVIEW
Miguel Eugenio Zoubek, Christian Trautwein, Pavel Strnad
In chronic liver diseases, an ongoing hepatocellular injury together with inflammatory reaction results in activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and increased deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) termed as liver fibrosis. It can progress to cirrhosis that is characterized by parenchymal and vascular architectural changes together with the presence of regenerative nodules. Even at late stage, liver fibrosis is reversible and the underlying mechanisms include a switch in the inflammatory environment, elimination or regression of activated HSCs and degradation of ECM...
April 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611539/using-anchoring-vignettes-in-the-evaluation-of-breast-cancer-survivors-quality-of-life
#8
Andreas Hinz
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer survivors often rate their general health as good even though they experience detriments in functioning and multiple symptoms. The hypothesis of this study is that breast cancer survivors changed their frames of reference for evaluating their own health. METHODS: A sample of 308 breast cancer survivors were asked to assess their state of health on a 0-100 scale. In addition, 2 vignettes (fictional persons suffering from various health complaints) were designed...
March 2017: Breast Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610545/personalized-medicine-of-patients-with-respiratory-infections-through-the-measurement-of-specific-blood-biomarkers-fact-or-fiction
#9
Philipp Schuetz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602403/panacea-in-progress-crispr-and-the-future-of-its-biological-research-introduction
#10
REVIEW
Michael Carroll, Xiaohui Zhou
The elucidation of the CRISPR (clustered, regularly interspaced, short palindromic repeats) adaptive immune system endogenous to most microbial life has culminated in progress in a diversity of scientific disciplines. The concurrently promising and eccentric nature of its theoretically plausible applications has wrought enthusiasm in the research community globally, potentiating advancements in human and animal health, ecological stability, and economic wellbeing, that would hitherto be considered the unattainable fancies of a futurist...
August 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594302/ectopic-orbital-meningioma-fact-or-fiction
#11
Lee Teak Tan, Christopher M Stewart, Fintan Sheerin, Brendan MacDonald, Priy Silva, Jonathan H Norris
Primary intraorbital ectopic meningiomas are rare and their existence remains controversial. We present a 30-year-old female with painless, non-axial proptosis and a palpable superomedial mass. The MRI demonstrated that the mass had no optic nerve sheath or sphenoid wing involvement and was initially reported to have no intracranial extension. The patient was initially thought to have an ectopic orbital meningioma. Subsequent multidisciplinary team (MDT) consultation and further specialist review of the MRI revealed a subtle dural tail connecting to an enhancing mass in the olfactory groove...
June 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583361/narrative-constructs-in-modern-clinical-case-reporting
#12
Brian Hurwitz
Modern clinical case reporting takes the form of problem-solution narratives that redescribe symptoms in terms of disease categories. Authored almost always by those who have played a part in the medical assessment of the patient, reports historicise the salient details of an individual's illness as a complex effect of identifiable antecedent causes. Candidate hypotheses linking illness to pathological mechanisms are suggested by the patient's experience, and by data that emerge from clinical examination and investigation...
April 2017: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575963/highly-sensitive-and-selective-non-enzymatic-electrochemical-glucose-sensors-based-on-graphene-oxide-molecular-imprinted-polymer
#13
Sheeba Alexander, P Baraneedharan, Shriya Balasubrahmanyan, S Ramaprabhu
Graphene Oxide-Molecular Imprinted Polymer (GO-MIP) based electrochemical sensor was developed for the first time towards enzyme less determination of glucose. This GO-MIP was obtained from a series of fictionalization, polymerization and template molecule introduction/removal during the synthesizing process. The proposed GO-MIP based electrode showed excellent electrocatalytic activity towards glucose oxidation at optimized conditions and possessing detection limit of 0.1nM with a response time of ~2min. The current response of GO-MIP based glucose sensor was linearly related to the concentration of glucose...
September 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571731/epigenetic-therapies-still-in-the-midway-between-facts-and-fiction
#14
Olga Sánchez-Pernaute
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 29, 2017: ReumatologĂ­a Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559364/the-presentation-of-mental-disturbance-in-modern-scottish-literature
#15
Allan Beveridge
The subject of madness features throughout world literature, but the literature of modern Scotland appears to be especially preoccupied with it. This paper gives a brief overview of the ways in which madness is represented in modern Scottish literature and the different artistic functions it performs. It will consider the subject on a thematic basis. First, there are accounts by writers who have experienced mental turmoil themselves. Second, there is the theme of the 'Narrative of personal crisis' which depicts in fictional form an individual's journey through madness...
June 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544696/increased-incidence-of-liver-cancer-after-successful-daa-treatment-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-fact-or-fiction
#16
Alfredo Alberti, Sara Piovesan
Therapy of hepatitis C has been revolutionized by Direct Antiviral Agents. These drugs are safe and efficacious in all infected patients, including those with advanced, or decompensated cirrhosis, and are currently largely used in such cases in clinical practice worldwide. It was therefore cause of great concern the publication of two reports suggesting that treatment with DAAs could increase the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhotic patients, particularly in those receiving antiviral therapy after having been cured for an HCC...
June 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544658/the-evolution-of-stories-from-mimesis-to-language-from-fact-to-fiction
#17
REVIEW
Brian Boyd
Why a species as successful as Homo sapiens should spend so much time in fiction, in telling one another stories that neither side believes, at first seems an evolutionary riddle. Because of the advantages of tracking and recombining true information, capacities for event comprehension, memory, imagination, and communication evolved in a range of animal species-yet even chimpanzees cannot communicate beyond the here and now. By Homo erectus, our forebears had reached an increasing dependence on one another, not least in sharing information in mimetic, prelinguistic ways...
May 24, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541173/human-enhancement-and-the-story-of-job
#18
Nicholas Agar, Johnny McDonald
This article explores some implications of the concept of transformative change for the debate about human enhancement. A transformative change is understood to be one that significantly alters the value an individual places on his or her experiences or achievements. The clearest examples of transformative change come from science fiction, but the concept can be illuminatingly applied to the enhancement debate. We argue that it helps to expose a threat from too much enhancement to many of the things that make human lives valuable...
July 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534245/flecainide-induced-left-ventricular-dysfunction-fact-or-fiction
#19
Umair Khalid, Francia Rojas, Nasser Lakkis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: Cardiovascular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529232/backwards-medicine-female-atavism-whiteness-and-the-medical-profession-in-the-pineal-eye
#20
Deanna Gross Scherger
This article examines atavism as a theory of racial science in the nineteenth-century United States that illuminates how the developing medical profession reinforced racial, class, and gender hierarchies to gain cultural authority. I use John S. Partridge's "The Pineal Eye," a little-known short story published in San Francisco's The Wave in 1894, as a case study that reveals how atavism was conceived as pathology within the purview of medical study. Partridge intertwines established atavistic discourse that asserted the Anglo-Saxon female body as paradoxically modern in terms of racial identity and primitive in terms of sex with scientific experimentation and male medical authority, resulting in evolutionary regression...
2017: Literature and Medicine
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