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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452057/use-of-twitter-to-assess-viewer-reactions-to-the-medical-drama-code-black
#1
Beth L Hoffman, Erica L Rosenthal, Jason B Colditz, Ryan Mcgarry, Brian A Primack
Fictional medical television programs are popular with viewers and have been shown to influence health-related outcomes. We sought to systematically analyze real-time viewer discourse on Twitter related to the new medical drama, Code Black. We retrieved all Twitter posts (tweets) and metadata around the time of the airing of Code Black for four consecutive weeks. We developed a codebook using both content assessment of Twitter messages (tweets) and theory-based variables used in entertainment education analyses...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450838/prevention-and-management-of-obesity-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-primary-care-pediatricians
#2
Morgan Walls, Sarabeth Broder-Fingert, Emily Feinberg, Mari-Lynn Drainoni, Megan Bair-Merritt
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at high risk for being overweight and obese. Little is known about how obesity in children with ASD is being addressed in primary care. This article reports findings from a survey completed by 327 general pediatricians, which included a fictional clinical vignette and Likert-scales assessing attitudes, practices, self-efficacy, and barriers to obesity management. Although the majority of respondents agreed pediatricians should be the main providers to manage obesity in children with ASD, few reported receiving adequate training to do so...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444991/ozon-generation-during-high-voltage-leak-detection-fiction-or-reality
#3
Sophie Becker, Dr Volker Bickert, Kai Reimers, Dr Martin Becker
In order to further clarify if and how much Ozone is generated during HVLD and to identify measures to reduce the impact of Ozone generation on product quality a highly sensitive analytical system [4] was employed to investigate the generation of Ozone at different operational conditions of HVLD integrity testing. The analytical system is based on oxidation of Iodide ions in solution and identification of the Iodine formed by N, N-Diethyl-p-phenylendiamine (DPD) according to DIN 38403 [4].Sensitivity of the system was found suitable to detect Ozone levels as low as 0...
February 14, 2018: PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429918/-spare-luteinizing-hormone-receptors-facts-and-fiction
#4
REVIEW
Livio Casarini, Daniele Santi, Manuela Simoni, Francesco Potì
It is common opinion that maximal activation of luteinizing hormone (LH)-dependent steroidogenic signal occurs at <1% of human LH/choriogonadotropin (hCG) receptor (LHCGR) occupancy. This effect would be a consequence of an excess of receptors expressed on the surface of theca cells, resulting in a pool of LHCGRs remaining unbound (spare). This concept was borrowed from historical pharmacological studies, when discrepancies between ligand-receptor binding and dose-response curves of cAMP were evaluated by treating mouse or rat Leydig cells with hCG in vitro...
February 8, 2018: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: TEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424555/videogames-for-emotion-regulation-a-systematic-review
#5
Daniela Villani, Claudia Carissoli, Stefano Triberti, Antonella Marchetti, Gabriella Gilli, Giuseppe Riva
INTRODUCTION: Emotion regulation (ER) supports multiple individual functions and promotes mental health and wellbeing. Among the tools that may be used to help people in managing their affective states, videogames are reaching attention and are showing positive effects. Yet, little is known about their effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the amount and quality of studies investigating the effects and modalities of the use of videogames for ER. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search according to PRISMA guidelines was performed...
February 9, 2018: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417834/helping-adolescents-to-better-support-their-peers-with-a-mental-health-problem-a-cluster-randomised-crossover-trial-of-teen-mental-health-first-aid
#6
Laura M Hart, Amy J Morgan, Alyssia Rossetto, Claire M Kelly, Andrew Mackinnon, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: teen Mental Health First Aid (tMHFA) is a classroom-based training programme for students aged 15-18 years to improve supportive behaviours towards peers, increase mental health literacy and reduce stigma. This research evaluated tMHFA by comparing it to a matched emergency Physical First Aid (PFA) training programme. METHODS: A cluster-randomised crossover trial matched four public schools in two pairs and then randomised each to first receive tMHFA or PFA for all Year 10 students...
February 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415255/validation-of-the-united-registries-for-clinical-assessment-and-research-ur-care-a-european-online-registry-for-clinical-care-and-research-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#7
Johan Burisch, Javier P Gisbert, Britta Siegmund, Dominik Bettenworth, Sandra Bohn Thomsen, Isabelle Cleynen, Anneline Cremer, Nik John Sheng Ding, Federica Furfaro, Michail Galanopoulos, Philip Christian Grunert, Jurij Hanzel, Tamara Knezevic Ivanovski, Eduards Krustins, Nurulamin Noor, Neil O'Morain, Iago Rodríguez-Lago, Michael Scharl, Julia Tua, Mathieu Uzzan, Nuha Ali Yassin, Filip Baert, Ebbe Langholz
Background: The "United Registries for Clinical Assessment and Research" (UR-CARE) database is an initiative of the European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation (ECCO) to facilitate daily patient care and research studies in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Herein, we sought to validate the database by using fictional case histories of patients with IBD that were to be entered by observers of varying experience in IBD. Methods: A total of 19 observers entered 5 patient case histories into the database...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408370/genetic-in-coronary-artery-disease-fact-or-fiction
#8
EDITORIAL
Dimitris Tousoulis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2018: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396388/the-significance-of-witness-sensors-for-mass-casualty-incidents-and-epidemic-outbreaks
#9
Chih-Long Pan, Chih-Hao Lin, Yan-Ren Lin, Hsin-Yu Wen, Jet-Chau Wen
Due to the increasing number of natural and man-made disasters, mass casualty incidents occur more often than ever before. As a result, health care providers need to adapt in order to cope with the overwhelming patient surge. To ensure quality and safety in health care, accurate information in pandemic disease control, death reduction, and health quality promotion should be highlighted. However, obtaining precise information in real time is an enormous challenge to all researchers of the field. In this paper, innovative strategies are presented to develop a sound information network using the concept of "witness sensors...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392522/virtual-reality-as-an-educational-and-training-tool-for-medicine
#10
Santiago González Izard, Juan A Juanes, Francisco J García Peñalvo, Jesús Mª Gonçalvez Estella, Mª José Sánchez Ledesma, Pablo Ruisoto
Until very recently, we considered Virtual Reality as something that was very close, but it was still science fiction. However, today Virtual Reality is being integrated into many different areas of our lives, from videogames to different industrial use cases and, of course, it is starting to be used in medicine. There are two great general classifications for Virtual Reality. Firstly, we find a Virtual Reality in which we visualize a world completely created by computer, three-dimensional and where we can appreciate that the world we are visualizing is not real, at least for the moment as rendered images are improving very fast...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387149/mental-health-literacy-of-school-nurses-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#11
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Cathrine Rossiter, Walter Frederick Robb, Shameran Slewa-Younan
Background: To support promotion, prevention and early intervention for mental illness school nurses need to be mental health literate. Methods: Three hundred and thirty-nine school nurses employed in government and private schools from three Emirates in the UAE were surveyed. A culturally adapted Mental Health Literacy questionnaire comprising three vignettes of fictional characters meeting diagnostic criteria for the target conditions along with the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) was administered to ascertain school nurses' ability to correctly identify the conditions and to elicit beliefs about helpfulness of treatment interventions and of health care providers for these conditions...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374805/approaching-spirituality-using-the-patient-centered-clinical-method
#12
Janaine Aline Camargo de Oliveira, Maria Inez Padula Anderson, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Eric Vinícius Ávila Pires, Lídia Maria Gonçalves
Although the scientific literature already suggests the importance of spiritual care in clinical practice, this topic has been apart from the routine of many practitioners, and many physicians still have difficulties in how to carry out such approaches in the clinical setting. This article reflects on the importance of spirituality in the health-disease process and provides an approach to the biopsychosocial-spiritual care in the practice of primary care. In addition, the aim of the authors is to propose a spiritual approach based on the patient-centered clinical method...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373853/tiny-conveyance-micro-and-nanorobots-prepare-to-advance-medicine
#13
Leslie Mertz
In the science-fiction classic Fantastic Voyage [1], a shrink-ray zaps a submarine and the crew within it, and the resulting microscopic vehicle ventures inside a human body to destroy a blood clot and save a prominent patient's life. While that scenario remains in the realm of make-believe, it may not be long before micro- and nanoscale robots can navigate a person's blood vessels and execute a medical task, such as the targeted delivery of drugs or even the performance of some medical procedures.
January 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370511/extracellular-vesicles-and-the-promise-of-continuous-liquid-biopsies
#14
REVIEW
Don Armstrong, Derek E Wildman
The rapid and accurate diagnosis of patients with minimally invasive procedures was once only found in science fiction. However, the discovery of extracellular vesicles (EVs) and their near ubiquity in body fluids, coupled with the advent of inexpensive next generation sequencing techniques and EV purification protocols, promises to make science fiction a reality. Purifying and sequencing the RNA content of EV from routine blood draws and urine samples are likely to enable pathologists and physicians to diagnose and track the progress of diseases in many inaccessible tissues in the near future...
January 2018: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368704/a-photophoretic-trap-volumetric-display
#15
D E Smalley, E Nygaard, K Squire, J Van Wagoner, J Rasmussen, S Gneiting, K Qaderi, J Goodsell, W Rogers, M Lindsey, K Costner, A Monk, M Pearson, B Haymore, J Peatross
Free-space volumetric displays, or displays that create luminous image points in space, are the technology that most closely resembles the three-dimensional displays of popular fiction. Such displays are capable of producing images in 'thin air' that are visible from almost any direction and are not subject to clipping. Clipping restricts the utility of all three-dimensional displays that modulate light at a two-dimensional surface with an edge boundary; these include holographic displays, nanophotonic arrays, plasmonic displays, lenticular or lenslet displays and all technologies in which the light scattering surface and the image point are physically separate...
January 24, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356046/a-large-scale-analysis-of-variance-in-written-language
#16
Brendan T Johns, Randall K Jamieson
The collection of very large text sources has revolutionized the study of natural language, leading to the development of several models of language learning and distributional semantics that extract sophisticated semantic representations of words based on the statistical redundancies contained within natural language (e.g., Griffiths, Steyvers, & Tenenbaum, ; Jones & Mewhort, ; Landauer & Dumais, ; Mikolov, Sutskever, Chen, Corrado, & Dean, ). The models treat knowledge as an interaction of processing mechanisms and the structure of language experience...
January 22, 2018: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341042/-prescription-and-risks-of-proton-pump-inhibitor-fiction-and-facts
#17
Herbert Koop
There is substantial discussion about inappropriate prescriptions and risks of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. This review critically reviews prescription manners regarding PPI both by general practitioners and in hospitals, demonstrates exit strategies after prolonged PPI treatment and evaluates clinically relevant risks of PPI therapy.
January 16, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328288/invisible-gateway-for-both-light-waves-and-rays
#18
Fei Sun, Sailing He
Considering that previous invisible gateways (an open entrance that only blocks electromagnetic waves) based on super-scatters designed by transformation optics cannot effectively work for narrow beams and light rays that do not touch negative refractive index material, we explore a new way to realize an improved invisible gateway that can give a good performance for both light waves and rays. In all previous invisible gateways, they require a finite thickness of the wall and the gateway. For the improved invisible gateway proposed in this study, there is no requirement on the thickness of the wall and gateway, i...
January 8, 2018: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325407/the-bright-elusive-butterfly-of-value-in-health-technology-development-comment-on-providing-value-to-new-health-technology-the-early-contribution-of-entrepreneurs-investors-and-regulatory-agencies
#19
Trisha Greenhalgh, Nick Fahy, Sara Shaw
The current system of health technology development is characterised by multiple misalignments. The "supply" side (innovation policy-makers, entrepreneurs, investors) and the "demand" side (health policy-makers, regulators, health technology assessment, purchasers) operate under different - and conflicting - logics. The system is less a "pathway" than an unstable ecosystem of multiple interacting sub-systems. "Value" means different things to each of the numerous actors involved. Supply-side dynamics are built on fictions; regulatory checks and balances are designed to assure quality, safety and efficacy, not to ensure that technologies entering the market are either desirable or cost-effective...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323506/demand-characteristics-in-episodic-future-thinking-delay-discounting-and-healthy-eating
#20
Jillian M Rung, Gregory J Madden
Steep delay discounting, or rapid devaluation of future outcomes, is one mechanism that can account for the chronic selection of smaller-sooner over larger-later outcomes; that is, impulsive choice. Because steep delay discounting is correlated with maladaptive behavior, researchers have explored methods for reducing discounting. One empirically supported method is episodic future thinking (EFT), or vividly imagining one's future before completing the discounting task. However, EFT procedures may include demand characteristics, which could account for some its beneficial effects...
January 11, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
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