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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522218/engineering-posthumans-to-be-or-not-to-be
#1
Marianna Karamanou, Theodore G Papaioannou, Dimitrios Soulis, Dimitrios Tousoulis
Emerging technological innovations have transformed some science fiction ideas into reality, promising radical changes in human nature. New philosophical and intellectual movements such as 'transhumanism' and 'posthumanism' try to foretell and even direct the future of our existence while dealing with new and complex ethical, social, political issues and dilemmas.
May 15, 2017: Trends in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511231/-epididymitis-in-children-fact-or-fiction
#2
Rolf Beetz, Maximilian Stehr
Epididymitis is one of the most frequent causes of acute scrotum during childhood. Unlike in adults, ascending bacterial infections are rarely the underlying cause of the condition in children. Antibacterial treatment in accordance with a prior antibiogram is possible in the presence of leukocyturia and significant bacteriuria. For the remaining cases, there are no definite criteria allowing for a decision on acute antibacterial treatment. The fact that antibacterial treatment is still initiated in cases of epididymitis in the clinical routine setting is based on the assumption of a possible infection rather than being based on facts...
May 16, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505620/should-hidradenitis-suppurativa-be-included-in-dermatoses-showing-koebnerization-is-it-friction-or-fiction
#3
Jurr Boer
BACKGROUND: The etiology of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) involves genetic and environmental factors. Well-established associated systemic factors are obesity, smoking, inflammation, and bacteria. Whether localized environmental factors such as friction and pressure may also play a causative role is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: To describe the possible Koebner phenomenon (KP) in HS. METHODS: The case notes on 14 patients with typical HS and additional HS lesions in previously uninvolved skin areas exposed to mechanical stress, e...
May 16, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504337/archaic-man-meets-a-marvellous-automaton-posthumanism-social-robots-archetypes
#4
Raya Jones
Posthumanism is associated with critical explorations of how new technologies are rewriting our understanding of what it means to be human and how they might alter human existence itself. Intersections with analytical psychology vary depending on which technologies are held in focus. Social robotics promises to populate everyday settings with entities that have populated the imagination for millennia. A legend of A Marvellous Automaton appears as early as 350 B.C. in a book of Taoist teachings, and is joined by ancient and medieval legends of manmade humanoids coming to life, as well as the familiar robots of modern science fiction...
June 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501871/percutaneous-closure-in-conal-septal-ventricular-septal-defects-fact-or-fiction
#5
Patrick M Looser, Harsimran S Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501372/exploring-global-recognition-of-quality-midwifery-education-vision-or-fiction
#6
Ans Luyben, Mary Barger, Melissa Avery, Kuldip Kaur Bharj, Rhona O'Connell, Valerie Fleming, Joyce Thompson, Della Sherratt
BACKGROUND: Midwifery education is the foundation for preparing competent midwives to provide a high standard of safe, evidence-based care for women and their newborns. Global competencies and standards for midwifery education have been defined as benchmarks for establishing quality midwifery education and practice worldwide. However, wide variations in type and nature of midwifery education programs exist. AIM: To explore and discuss the opportunities and challenges of a global quality assurance process as a strategy to promote quality midwifery education...
May 10, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499109/public-stigma-toward-people-with-drug-addiction-a-factorial-survey
#7
Sebastian Sattler, Alice Escande, Eric Racine, Anja S Göritz
OBJECTIVE: Stigmatizing attitudes toward people with a drug addiction have detrimental effects on the lives of these people. However, the factors that influence stigma toward people with a drug addiction have not yet been thoroughly investigated, compared with the stigma of other mental illnesses. Based on attribution theory, our experiment examined to what extent individual and contextual characteristics of people with a drug addiction influence stigmatizing attitudes toward people with a drug addiction...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495908/towards-cultural-materialism-in-the-medical-humanities-the-case-of-blood-rejuvenation
#8
Catherine Oakley
This paper argues for an approach within the medical humanities that draws on the theoretical legacy of cultural materialism as a framework for reading cultural practices and their relationship to the social and economic order. It revisits the origins and development of cultural materialism in cultural studies and literary studies between the 1970s and 1990s and considers how, with adaptation, this methodology might facilitate ideological criticism focused on material formations of health, disease and the human body...
May 11, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491279/-mesenchymal-stem-cells-fact-or-fiction-and-implications-in-their-therapeutic-use
#9
REVIEW
Pamela Robey
The concept of a post-natal "mesenchymal stem cell" ("MSC") originated from studies focused on bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs), which are non-hematopoietic adherent cells, a subset of which are skeletal stem cells (SSCs), able to form cartilage, bone, hematopoiesis-supportive stroma, and marrow adipocytes based on rigorous clonal and differentiation assays. Subsequently, it was speculated that BMSCs could form other mesodermal derivatives and even cell types from other germ layers. Based on BMSC surface markers, representative of fibroblastic cells, and imprecise differentiation assays, it was further imagined that "MSCs" are ubiquitous and equipotent...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490997/adhd-in-pediatric-epilepsy-fact-or-fiction
#10
COMMENT
Rochelle Caplan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Epilepsy Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485653/vestibular-rehabilitation-in-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-reality-or-fiction
#11
Federica Bressi, Paola Vella, Manuele Casale, Antonio Moffa, Lorenzo Sabatino, Michele Antonio Lopez, Francesco Carinci, Rocco Papalia, Fabrizio Salvinelli, Silvia Sterzi
The objective of this article is to systematically review the evidence on the effectiveness of vestibular rehabilitation (VR) in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Relevant published studies about VR in BPPV were searched in PubMed, Google Scholar and Ovid using various keywords. We included trials that were available in the English language and did not apply publication year or publication status restrictions. Studies based on the VR in other peripheral and/or central balance disorders are excluded...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479456/contrast-induced-nephropathy-fact-or-fiction-in-lower-limb-revascularisation
#12
Carlos Martínez-Rico, Xavier Martí-Mestre, Antonio Romera-Villegas, Emma Espinar-Garcia, Elena Iborra-Ortega, Ramón Vila-Coll
INTRODUCTION: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is defined as a increase >25% of serum creatinine from baseline, occurring in 24-48 hours after exposure to contrast, while alternative explanations for renal impairment have been excluded. The volume administered directly relates to risk, increasing by 12% per 100ml of contrast. According to the series, its incidence varies between 3.3-8% in patients without renal damage and 12-50% in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and/or diabetes mellitus (DM)...
May 4, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457897/pok%C3%A3-mon-go-an-innovative-smartphone-gaming-application-with-health-benefits
#13
Amrit K Kamboj, Somashekar G Krishna
Obesity is a leading public health epidemic worldwide and its prevalence is increasing. While diet and exercise are the cornerstones in the prevention and treatment of obesity and its associated complications, patients often find it difficult to make lifestyle changes. Smartphones are increasingly becoming integrated into our society and can serve as a tool to improve health outcomes. Here, we illustrate the positive health impacts of an innovative smartphone gaming application, Pokémon GO (Niantic Incorporation, San Francisco, California), which is used by millions of users worldwide...
April 27, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448244/perceptions-of-disordered-eating-and-associated-help-seeking-in-young-women
#14
Annamaria J McAndrew, Rosanne Menna
Disordered eating is common among young women, but rates of help-seeking are remarkably low. Studies attempting to understand how disordered eating is perceived by young women have exposed participants to fictional vignettes that describe characters exhibiting eating pathologies, and assessed beliefs about the women's issues. These studies have informed our understanding of how young women perceive disordered eating in other women, but do not address the question of how disordered eating is perceived in oneself...
April 27, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446643/preventing-parkinson-disease-by-vagotomy-fact-or-fiction
#15
EDITORIAL
Per Borghammer, Clement Hamani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440719/a-case-based-medical-curriculum-for-the-21st-century-the-use-of-innovative-approaches-in-designing-and-developing-a-case-on-mental-health
#16
Athanasios Hassoulas, Elizabeth Forty, Mathew Hoskins, James Walters, Stephen Riley
The introduction of case-based learning (CBL) by the School of Medicine at Cardiff University has encouraged innovation in medical teaching and learning. During years one and two of the modernized MBBCh program, students complete 17 cases as part of the newly developed C21 curriculum that emphasizes a patient-oriented and student-centered approach to learning. The mental health case, which is presented in year 2, incorporates a number of novel teaching resources that aim to enhance the students' learning experience and to further reinforce the patient-oriented and community-based philosophy of C21...
May 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424578/the-crb1-complex-following-the-trail-of-crumbs-to-a-feasible-gene-therapy-strategy
#17
REVIEW
Peter M Quinn, Lucie P Pellissier, Jan Wijnholds
Once considered science fiction, gene therapy is rapidly becoming scientific reality, targeting a growing number of the approximately 250 genes linked to hereditary retinal disorders such as retinitis pigmentosa and Leber's congenital amaurosis. Powerful new technologies have emerged, leading to the development of humanized models for testing and screening these therapies, bringing us closer to the goal of personalized medicine. These tools include the ability to differentiate human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to create a "retina-in-a-dish" model and the self-formed ectodermal autonomous multi-zone, which can mimic whole eye development...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421239/weight-bearing-recommendations-after-operative-fracture-treatment-fact-or-fiction-gait-results-with-and-feasibility-of-a-dynamic-continuous-pedobarography-insole
#18
Benedikt J Braun, Nils T Veith, Mika Rollmann, Marcel Orth, Tobias Fritz, Steven C Herath, Jörg H Holstein, Tim Pohlemann
PURPOSE: Rehabilitation after lower-extremity fractures is based on the physicians' recommendation for non-, partial-, or full weight-bearing. Clinical studies rely on this assumption, but continuous compliance or objective loading rates are unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the compliance to weight-bearing recommendations by introducing a novel, pedobarography system continuously registering postoperative ground forces into ankle, tibial shaft and proximal femur fracture aftercare and test its feasibility for this purpose...
April 19, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419313/association-between-month-of-birth-and-melanoma-risk-fact-or-fiction
#19
Cornelia Fiessler, Annette B Pfahlberg, Andrea K Keller, Martin Radespiel-Tröger, Wolfgang Uter, Olaf Gefeller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412972/mammary-microbiota-of-dairy-ruminants-fact-or-fiction
#20
Pascal Rainard
Explorations of how the complex microbial communities that inhabit different body sites might contribute to health and disease have prompted research on the ways the harmonious relationship between a host and its microbiota could be used to keep animals healthy in their production conditions. In particular, there is a growing interest in the bacterial signatures that can be found in the milk of healthy or mastitic dairy cows. The concept of sterility of the healthy mammary gland of dairy ruminants has been challenged by the results of studies using bacterial DNA-based methodology...
April 17, 2017: Veterinary Research
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