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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039280/very-long-chain-n-3-fatty-acids-and-human-health-fact-fiction-and-the-future
#1
P C Calder
EPA and DHA appear to be the most important n-3 fatty acids, but roles for n-3 docosapentaenoic acid are now also emerging. Intakes of EPA and DHA are usually low, typically below those recommended. Increased intakes result in higher concentrations of EPA and DHA in blood lipids, cells and tissues. Increased content of EPA and DHA modifies the structure of cell membranes and the function of membrane proteins. EPA and DHA modulate the production of lipid mediators and through effects on cell signalling can alter the patterns of gene expression...
October 17, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030783/the-head-the-heart-and-hysteria-in-jeanne-flore-s-tales-and-trials-of-love-c-1542
#2
Kelly Digby Peebles
This essay examines a challenge to common literary representations of female mental illness in the Early Modern period-the hysterical woman-in a collection of French short stories contemporary to Vesalius's De Fabrica: Jeanne Flore's Tales and Trials of Love (1542). Jeanne Flore's tales depict several mentally disturbed female protagonists, young women prone to paroxysms of madness and self-mutilation. This study maintains that while Tales and Trials of Love superficially participates in the literary tradition that grew out of those accepted social and medical beliefs, it also questions the long-accepted paradigm of female hysteria and points to a shift in the socio-medical climate...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029551/low-back-pain-investigation-of-biases-in-outpatient-canadian-physical-therapy
#3
Maude Laliberté, Barbara Mazer, Tatiana Orozco, Gevorg Chilingaryan, Bryn Williams-Jones, Matthew Hunt, Debbie Ehrmann Feldman
Background: Previous research suggested that physical therapy services can be influenced by patient characteristics (age, sex, socioeconomic status) or insurance status rather than their clinical need. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether patient-related factors (age, sex, SES) and the source of reimbursement for physical therapy services (insurance status) influence wait time for, frequency of, and duration of physical therapy for low back pain...
October 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022172/the-president-s-physician-an-african-play-emmanuel-babatunde-omobowale-2004-all-saints-publishers-ibadan-978-978-37727-3-1-77-pp
#4
Joseph Ajagunmolu Mayaki
This review examines issues relating to biomedical ethics and literature in the African drama The President's Physician by Emmanuel Babatunde Omobowale. The play investigates the psychological dilemma of Doctor Bituki Warunga, a personal physician to General Kalunga Ntibantunganyah who brutally and inhumanely rules Wavaria, a fictional African country. The doctor is faced with deciding to uphold the ethics of his profession versus terminating the tyrant's life to set the nation free. The play aims to help budding medical doctors rightly inculcate the principles of medical ethics-autonomy, beneficence, competence, and power-by providing a fictional platform to investigate difficult issues that can arise in clinical practice...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992582/fat-or-fiction-effects-of-body-size-eating-pathology-and-sex-upon-the-body-schema-of-an-undergraduate-population
#5
Sophie J Wignall, Nicole A Thomas, Michael E R Nicholls
Although there is a growing consensus that women with anorexia nervosa have a distorted body schema, the origins of this disturbance remain uncertain. The present investigation examined the effects of body size, eating pathology, and sex upon the body schema of an at-risk, undergraduate population. In Study 1, 98 participants mentally simulated their passage through apertures. When aperture width was manipulated, narrow and broad women over- and under-estimated their spatial requirements for passage, respectively...
October 6, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990948/case-series-of-three-different-scenarios-with-drug-induced-brugada-patterns-fact-or-fiction
#6
Serkan Asil, Uğur Canpolat, Ergün Barış Kaya, Kudret Aytemir, Giray Kabakçı
Brugada syndrome is an inherited cardiac arrhythmia condition characterized by coved-type ST elevation and J point elevation of at least 2 mm in at least 2 of the right precordial electrocardiogram (ECG) leads (V1-3). An increasing number of noncardiac agents, including psychotropic and anesthetic drugs, have been shown to induce a characteristic Brugada ECG pattern, predisposing the patient to fatal ventricular arrhythmias. However, there are scarce data regarding the clinical significance. In this case series, a typical Brugada pattern was unmasked by lithium, valproic acid, and thiocolchicoside; however, the clinical scenario was different in all 3 cases, ranging from an asymptomatic patient to sudden cardiac arrest...
October 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983269/when-fiction-is-just-as-real-as-fact-no-differences-in-reading-behavior-between-stories-believed-to-be-based-on-true-or-fictional-events
#7
Franziska Hartung, Peter Withers, Peter Hagoort, Roel M Willems
Experiments have shown that compared to fictional texts, readers read factual texts faster and have better memory for described situations. Reading fictional texts on the other hand seems to improve memory for exact wordings and expressions. Most of these studies used a "newspaper" vs. "literature" comparison. In the present study, we investigated the effect of reader's expectation to whether information is true or fictional with a subtler manipulation by labeling short stories as either based on true or fictional events...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973154/the-oral-narrative-comprehension-and-production-abilities-of-verbal-preschoolers-on-the-autism-spectrum
#8
Marleen F Westerveld, Jacqueline M A Roberts
Purpose: This study described the oral narrative comprehension and production skills of verbal preschool-age children on the autism spectrum and investigated correlations between oral narrative ability and norm-referenced language test performance. Method: Twenty-nine preschool-age children (aged 4;0-5;9 years;months) with autism, who obtained an age-equivalent score of at least 36 months on the expressive communication subscale of the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-Second Edition (Sparrow, Cicchetti, & Balla, 2005), participated...
September 21, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970299/the-hunger-games-a-portrayal-of-ptsd-in-teenage-fiction-psychiatry-in-literature
#9
Nishan Ghoshal, Paul O Wilkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969321/anaesthesia-induced-developmental-neurotoxicity-reality-or-fiction
#10
V Jevtovic-Todorovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961081/princesses-princes-and-superheroes-children-s-gender-cognitions-and-fictional-characters
#11
Lisa M Dinella, Juliana M Claps, Gary W Lewandowski
The goal of the present study was to identify whether children recognize the gender stereotypes prevalent within the increasingly popular princess, prince, and superhero characters. Interviews with 126 children from the northeast region of the Unites States (3-11 years old) indicated that children recognized the gender-typed personality traits of princesses, princes, and superheroes, with older children holding more gender-typed cognitions about the characters. Children's own-schemas (i.e., beliefs that apply to themselves) and superordinate schemas (i...
September 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960583/communication-of-healthcare-professionals-is-there-ageism
#12
S Schroyen, S Adam, M Marquet, G Jerusalem, S Thiel, A-L Giraudet, P Missotten
Elderspeak is often used when talking to older individuals and is characterised by a slower and/or louder speech, a patronising tone, etc. A part of the reason of such communication can be found in the actual context of negative view of ageing. However, the link between view of ageing and elderspeak has never been objectively studied in oncology. Therefore, 40 healthcare professionals (physicians and medical students) record a podcast where they have to explain an endocrine therapy to two fictional patients (40- vs...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953762/flowers-for-algernon-the-ethics-of-human-experimentation-on-the-intellectually-disabled
#13
Nishan Ghoshal, Paul O Wilkinson
Flowers for Algernon is a novel written in 1966 by Daniel Keyes. Since its publication, it has received significant critical acclaim, earning a Nebula science-fiction award, and was also adapted into a feature film. Set in the 1960s, the novel follows the story of Charlie Gordon, an intellectually disabled man who lives a simple but happy life working a cleaning job at a local bakery. Charlie's life, however, faces an abrupt change when he is offered the opportunity to participate in a novel surgical procedure to improve his intellect...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949071/radiation-therapy-students-perceptions-of-a-wiki
#14
Gay Dungey, Peter Gallagher
BACKGROUND: This pilot study aimed to gain the perceptions of first-year students using a wiki as a learning tool for the Bachelor of Radiation Therapy degree in New Zealand. Literature suggests that wikis have great potential as an educational tool for both lecturers and students, because they encourage collaborative learning and resource sharing. In 2015, the 'Otago Wiki' platform was introduced as a part of the degree. METHODS: The first-year students were allocated into groups of four...
September 26, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945392/a-holy-grail-in-chemistry-computational-catalyst-design-feasible-or-fiction
#15
Carl Poree, Franziska Schoenebeck
Efficient and selective catalysis lies at the heart of much of chemistry, enabling the synthesis of molecules and materials with enormous societal and technological impact. Modern in silico tools should allow us to develop new catalysts faster and better than ever before; this contribution discusses the feasibility and potential of computational catalyst design.
March 21, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941974/management-of-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injury-in-throwing-athletes-a-survey-of-the-american-shoulder-and-elbow-surgeons
#16
Daniel J Hurwit, Grant H Garcia, Joseph Liu, David W Altchek, Anthony Romeo, Joshua Dines
BACKGROUND: Amid evidence that the number of ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstructions performed annually is on the rise, there continues to be significant variation among surgeons in the management of UCL injuries. The purpose of this paper was to survey the members of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) to assess current trends related to the comprehensive treatment of athletes presenting with UCL injury. METHODS: An online survey was distributed to the active members of the ASES...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940233/epistemic-beliefs-as-predictors-of-epistemic-emotions-extending-a-theoretical-model
#17
Tom Rosman, Anne-Kathrin Mayer
BACKGROUND: The cognitive incongruity model of epistemic beliefs and emotions states that if students' beliefs about the nature of knowledge (e.g., knowledge as simple and absolute) are incompatible with the epistemic nature of learning materials (e.g., complex and contradictory), cognitive incongruity arises. This, in turn, entails negative emotional consequences. AIMS: The epistemic nature of contradictory learning materials might be perceived differently depending on whether individuals resolve the contradictions or not...
September 21, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938884/do-virtual-patients-prepare-medical-students-for-the-real-world-development-and-application-of-a-framework-to-compare-a-virtual-patient-collection-with-population-data
#18
M Urresti-Gundlach, D Tolks, C Kiessling, M Wagner-Menghin, A Härtl, I Hege
BACKGROUND: An important aspect of virtual patients (VPs), which are interactive computer-based patient scenarios, is authenticity. This includes design aspects, but also how a VP collection represents a patient population and how a patient is presented in a VP scenario. Therefore, our aim was to analyze VP scenarios integrated into the combined internal medicine and surgery curriculum at the University of Munich (LMU) and compare the results with data from the population in Germany. METHOD: We developed a coding framework with four main categories: patient data, patient representation, diagnoses, and setting...
September 22, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934995/quality-improvement-primer-part-2-executing-a-quality-improvement-project-in-the-emergency-department
#19
Lucas B Chartier, Antonia S Stang, Samuel Vaillancourt, Amy H Y Cheng
The topics of quality improvement (QI) and patient safety have become important themes in health care in recent years, particularly in the emergency department setting, which is a frequent point of contact with the health care system for patients. In the first of three articles in this series meant as a QI primer for emergency medicine clinicians, we introduced the strategic planning required to develop an effective QI project using a fictional case study as an example. In this second article we continue with our example of improving time to antibiotics for patients with sepsis, and introduce the Model for Improvement...
September 22, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933675/using-the-concept-of-hubots-to-understand-the-work-entailed-in-using-digital-technologies-in-healthcare
#20
Catherine Pope, Joanne Turnbull
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the human work entailed in the deployment of digital health care technology. It draws on imagined configurations of computers and machines in fiction and social science to think about the relationship between technology and people, and why this makes implementation of digital technology so difficult. The term hubots is employed as a metaphorical device to examine how machines and humans come together to do the work of healthcare. Design/methodology/approach This paper uses the fictional depiction of hubots to reconceptualise the deployment of a particular technology - a computer decision support system (CDSS) used in emergency and urgent care services...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
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