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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048323/dimensional-structure-and-measurement-invariance-of-the-interpersonal-reactivity-index-iri-across-gender
#1
Beatriz Lucas-Molina, Alicia Pérez-Albéniz, Javier Ortuño-Sierra, Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero
BACKGROUND: The main goal of the present study was to examine the dimensional structure and measurement invariance of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI; Davis, 1980) across gender. METHOD: Two Spanish samples comprising 2,499 college students (71.2% women; M = 21.06 years) and 1,438 adults (57.8% women; M = 40.01 years) completed the IRI. RESULTS: The study of the internal structure, using Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling (ESEM), revealed that the four-factor structure (Perspective Taking, Fantasy, Empathic Concern, and Personal Distress) fitted well to the college students’ data; however, in the sample of adults all factorial models showed modest goodness-of-fit indexes...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994483/-clemency-on-the-way-to-the-gallows-death-dreams-and-dissociation
#2
Kenneth Kimmel
The survivor of a decade of childhood sexual trauma and violence, perpetrated by a monstrous father, produced a series of dreams in the final year of a ten-year analysis. They illuminated the 'death drive' beneath a lifelong preoccupation with dying and fantasies of submission to death, perpetuated by the promise of hoped-for freedom from pain and release from a life of suffering. The initial dream involved the collapse of a team of white horses drawing him in a pillory cart to his own hanging for a crime he did not commit...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994469/transgenderism-and-transformation-an-attempt-at-a-jungian-understanding
#3
Michael A Marsman
While transgenderism as a cultural phenomenon seems to be based on a collective taste for the sensational, its emergence represents a collective shift towards a new or more differentiated way of experiencing and expressing sex and gender, a movement of world soul. This paper attempts to explore that emergence from a Jungian perspective. The paper utilizes clinical examples which illustrate how dissociated aspects of the personality are seeking assimilation and expression in order to move the personality towards greater wholeness...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972840/idiocultural-design-as-a-tool-of-cultural-psychology
#4
Michael Cole
The study of small group idiocultures offers a productive way to study the role of culture in human cognitive and social development. My evidence is drawn from a multi-decade long study of groups of mixed-aged participants engaged in deliberately designed forms of joint activity taking place several times a week over periods extending over decades in a variety of institutional settings. In each such system, participants ranging from middle childhood to adulthood participate in an after-school program composed of a wide variety of games brought together in a fantasy world watched over by a Wizard...
September 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963920/student-nurses-experience-of-a-fairy-garden-healing-haven-garden-for-sick-children
#5
Pamela van der Riet, Chaweewan Jitsacorn, Piyatida Junlapeeya, Peter Thursby
BACKGROUND: The concept and philosophy of healing environments in health care is not new and there has been recent research into the experience of nurses and families experience of healing environments producing positive outcomes in relieving stress and improving quality of life. However, there is little in-depth information about student nurse's experience of healing environments in support of patients. AIM: To report on the stories of student nurses who participated in formal and informal activities in a healing haven environment called a Fairy Garden (FG) within a hospital in northern Thailand...
September 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953796/the-magic-of-caressing-the-mind-by-touching-the-body-take-care-of-depression-face-up-to-cancer-a-new-frontier-of-psycho-oncology
#6
Maria Grazia Spurio
BACKGROUND: The new frontier of research in all areas that deal with health and wellness (medicine, psychotherapy, personal care in general) sees the increase of projects in which the individual is center-placed, as a whole, in a holistic view. The mind and the body are inseparable, as in a circularity and recursivity unique for each individual (Spurio, M.G., 2015). The results of the most innovative research would seem to suggest, therefore, that a state of psychological distress or depression, is often related to physiological problems, from physical discomfort in general up to illnesses such as cancer...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951978/daily-fantasy-football-and-self-reported-problem-behavior-in-the-united-states
#7
Brendan Dwyer, Stephen L Shapiro, Joris Drayer
Traditional, season-long fantasy sport participation has grown considerably since the late 1990s, and in an attempt to capitalize on this growing demand, daily fantasy sports (DFS) providers have created a new game where money changes hands instantly. This change has led some legal commentators and state agencies to believe the game is a form of Internet gambling similar to online poker, blackjack, and sports wagering, and thus, it requires increased regulation or even prohibition. Little is known, however, about the gambling behavior associated with DFS participation...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949869/better-to-know-than-to-imagine-including-children-in-their-health-care
#8
Tenzin Wangmo, Eva De Clercq, Katharina M Ruhe, Maja Beck-Popovic, Johannes Rischewski, Regula Angst, Marc Ansari, Bernice S Elger
BACKGROUND: This article describes the overall attitudes of children, their parents, and attending physicians toward including or excluding pediatric patients in medical communication and health care decision-making processes. METHODS: Fifty-two interviews were carried out with pediatric patients (n = 17), their parents (n = 19), and attending oncologists (n = 16) in eight Swiss pediatric oncology centers. The interviews were analyzed using thematic coding. RESULTS: Parenting styles, the child's personality, and maturity are factors that have a great impact upon the inclusion of children in their health care processes...
January 2017: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929784/investigating-children-s-perception-of-nurses-through-their-drawings
#9
Nazan Çakirer Çalbayram, Sebahat Altundağ, Bahise Aydin
Hospitalized children can have various fantasies about hospital, health staff, and related tools and equipment. They need to develop new coping strategies for compliance with hospitalization.This study aimed to investigate the perception of nurses by children with acute and chronic illness through their drawings. The study was carried out using a descriptive research model. "Nurses through the eyes of sick children data collection form" was used in data collection procedure. The instruction "draw a picture of a nurse, please" was used to get the children to draw a picture...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923123/-a-machine-for-recreating-life-an-introduction-to-reproduction-on-film
#10
Jesse Olszynko-Gryn, Patrick Ellis
Reproduction is one of the most persistently generative themes in the history of science and cinema. Cabbage fairies, clones and monstrous creations have fascinated filmmakers and audiences for more than a century. Today we have grown accustomed not only to the once controversial portrayals of sperm, eggs and embryos in biology and medicine, but also to the artificial wombs and dystopian futures of science fiction and fantasy. Yet, while scholars have examined key films and genres, especially in response to the recent cycle of Hollywood 'mom coms', the analytic potential of reproduction on film as a larger theme remains largely untapped...
September 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922824/in-quest-of-the-antique-the-bazaar-exchange-and-mart-and-the-democratization-of-collecting-1926-42
#11
Heidi Egginton
The popularization of antique collecting is typically located in the second half of the twentieth century, with the rise of 'retrochic' and the emergence of new markets and online trading websites for anonymously exchanging second-hand goods. Close study of the printed literature connected with the inter-war second-hand trade, however, challenges conventional chronologies in the history of consumer culture, and can provide a new perspective on the role of collecting in British social and cultural life. This article examines the period, after the late 1920s, during which The Bazaar, Exchange and Mart reinvented itself as a forum for antique and decorative art enthusiasts...
June 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922817/children-class-and-the-search-for-security-writing-the-future-in-1930s-britain
#12
Hester Barron, Claire Langhamer
This article is based on 269 essays written in 1937 by Middlesbrough schoolboys aged 12-16 years on the topic 'When I leave school', which were collected by the social research organization Mass Observation. The essays provide a counterpoint to social scientific surveys of ordinary people and allow us to work with the boys' own understandings of the world they inhabited. They offer an alternative lens on a period which, at least in relation to the industrial areas of Britain, is often characterized by poverty and unemployment...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921574/ideology-and-resistance-in-young-people-s-experiences-of-health-under-the-imperative-of-enjoyment
#13
Kathrine Vitus
This article explores upper secondary school students' understandings and experiences of health in Denmark, where public health promotions appeal to pleasure. Health promotion thereby taps into capitalist society's 'imperative of enjoyment', which reproduces ideological fantasies about the fulfilment of desires through the consumption of health. Based on qualitative empirical material produced through participatory and visual methods during fieldwork conducted in 2012, the analysis shows that relations between healthiness and pleasure are conflated and paradoxical: the students try to fit into society not only by being healthy, but also by enjoying healthiness; but if they fail pleasure, they fail healthiness and experience a loss of individual social value...
September 17, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899435/optimizing-visits-to-the-site-of-death-for-bereaved-families-after-disasters-and-terrorist-events
#14
Pål Kristensen, Atle Dyregrov, Lars Weisæth, Marianne Straume, Kari Dyregrov, Trond Heir, Renate Grønvold Bugge
In recent years it has been common after disasters and terrorist events to offer bereaved families the opportunity to visit the place where their loved ones died. Many report that such visits are beneficial in processing their loss. Various factors, both cognitive (eg, counteracting disbelief) and existential or emotional (eg, achieving a sense of closeness to the deceased), are associated with the experienced benefit. Nonetheless, exacerbations of trauma and grief reactions (eg, re-enactment fantasies) are common, with some of the bereaved also reporting adverse reactions after the visit...
September 13, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899135/freud-the-birthing-body-and-modern-life
#15
Rosemary H Balsam
Freud early on had an astute sense of the psychic impact of the bodily power of females' biological sex and childbearing potential. His early appreciation of the biological femaleness of a body, however, became gradually obscured after 1908, distorted by an exaggerated male view that was challenged in the 1920s and 1930s but then became fixed in stone by his followers. This strange but hegemonic view was once again challenged, especially in the U.S., in the 1970s. In spite of sporadic efforts after that, however, the impact of the female body qua female, in analysis and for the mind's functioning, has never been acknowledged in general in psychoanalytic thought (except as marked as an infantile archaic fantasy or sequestered into a special adult "women's issues" category)...
February 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899121/unconscious-fantasy-and-the-priming-phenomenon
#16
Anne Erreich
This paper is the third in a series of investigations into (1) the nature and development of unconscious fantasy, (2) its place in a contemporary model of mind that, parenthetically, suggests a possible solution to the problem of theoretical pluralism, and (3) its mode of operation in the mind. The aim of these investigations is to update the notion of unconscious fantasy, an indispensable construct in psychoanalytic theories that assume out-of-awareness mentation, and to situate that construct within contemporary views of mental functioning in disciplines such as philosophy of mind, cognitive science, and developmental psychology...
April 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858946/facts-and-fantasies-on-extraesophageal-reflux-a-gastroenterologist-perspective
#17
Frank Zerbib, Charlotte Dulery
Gastroesophageal reflux disease encompasses a wide spectrum of disorders related to the reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus. Extraesophageal reflux (EER) may be suspected in patients with unexplained chronic cough, pharyngolaryngeal symptoms, and asthma. For physicians, suspected EER is challenging as there is currently no tool that can reliably make a definitive diagnosis. Endoscopic signs are not specific, pharyngeal and proximal reflux monitoring are not reliable, and if distal pH or pH-impedance monitoring can identify patients with abnormal reflux, they cannot predict the response to therapy...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829273/postracial-fantasies-and-the-reproduction-of-scientific-racism
#18
Patrick Ryan Grzanka, Daniel R Morrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820665/size-matters-penis-size-and-sexual-position-in-gay-porn-profiles
#19
Joseph Brennan
This article combines qualitative and quantitative textual approaches to the representation of penis size and sexual position of performers in 10 of the most visited gay pornography Web sites currently in operation. Specifically, in excess of 6,900 performer profiles sourced from 10 commercial Web sites are analyzed. Textual analysis of the profile descriptions is combined with a quantitative representation of disclosed penis size and sexual position, which is presented visually by two figures. The figures confirm that these sites generally market themselves as featuring penises that are extraordinarily large and find a sample-wide correlation between smaller penis sizes (5-6...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815706/reexamining-schreber-through-the-lens-of-a-present-day-case-fantasies-of-death-rebirth-and-gender-transformation
#20
Bennett E Roth
In the history of psychoanalysis, the Schreber case has long been a source of controversy. Speculations about Schreber have abounded essentially because none of the speculators, including Freud (), has been constrained by the reality of interactive dynamics with Schreber on the couch. This author contends, however, that knowing someone analytically must involve the transference experience. He presents the case of Z, a middle-aged patient of his who described a fantasy that was uncannily similar to Schreber's, permitting a present-day reexamination of the original case, as well as ongoing speculations that include the way in which live clinical material can interact with the reading of a historical document...
July 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
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