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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444531/multifaceted-sexual-desire-and-hormonal-associations-accounting-for-social-location-relationship-status-and-desire-target
#1
Sara B Chadwick, Shannon M Burke, Katherine L Goldey, Sari M van Anders
Sexual desire is typically measured as a unitary erotic phenomenon and is often assumed by biological and biomedical researchers, as well as the lay public, to be directly connected to physiological parameters like testosterone (T). In the present study, we empirically examined how conceptualizing sexual desire as multifaceted might clarify associations with T and contextual variables. To do so, we used the Sexual Desire Questionnaire (DESQ), which assesses multifaceted dyadic sexual desire, to explore how contextual variables such as social location, relationship status, and desire target (e...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442935/new-developments-in-the-treatment-of-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-a-focus-on-flibanserin
#2
REVIEW
Christopher J Jayne, Michael J Heard, Sarah Zubair, Dustie L Johnson
The objective of the authors is to highlight the historical complexities for the diagnosis and treatment of hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) with a focus on Flibanserin. A systematic review of the medical literature published in PubMed using the search terms HSDD and Flibanserin was conducted. Each author reviewed the results of the systematic review for articles to include in this study. HSDD is defined as a persistent or recurrent deficiency or absence of sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity causing marked distress or interpersonal difficulty that is not better accounted for by another diagnosis...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395570/long-term-benefits-by-a-mind-body-medicine-skills-course-on-perceived-stress-and-empathy-among-medical-and-nursing-students
#3
Marja van Vliet, Mats Jong, Miek C Jong
BACKGROUND: A significant number of medical students suffer from burnout symptoms and reduced empathy. This controlled, quasi-experimental study aimed to investigate whether a mind-body medicine (MBM) skills course could reduce perceived stress and increase empathy and self-reflection in medical and nursing students. METHODS: The MBM course (consisting of experiential sessions of mind-body techniques and group reflections) was piloted among Dutch medical students and Swedish nursing students...
April 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389520/oocyte-stem-cells-fact-or-fantasy
#4
Corrina J Horan, Suzannah Alice Williams
For many decades, the dogma prevailed that female mammals had a finite pool of oocytes at birth and this was gradually exhausted during a lifetime of reproductive function. However, in 2004, a new era began in the field of female oogenesis. A study was published that appeared to detect oocyte-stem cells capable of generating new eggs within mouse ovaries. This study was highly controversial and the years since this initial finding have produced extensive research and even more extensive debate into their possibility...
April 7, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385580/food-brand-recognition-and-bmi-in-preschoolers
#5
Kristen Harrison, Jessica Moorman, Mericarmen Peralta, Kally Fayhee
Children's food brand recognition predicts health-related outcomes such as preference for obesogenic foods and increased risk for overweight. However, it is uncertain to what degree food brand recognition acts as a proxy for other factors such as parental education and income, child vocabulary, child age, child race/ethnicity, parent healthy eating guidance, child commercial TV viewing, and child dietary intake, all of which may influence or be influenced by food brand recognition. U.S. preschoolers (N = 247, average age 56 months) were measured for BMI and completed the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test plus recognition and recall measures for a selection of U...
April 4, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369964/unconscious-fantasy-in-context-the-work-of-jacob-a-arlow
#6
Gail S Reed
For Jacob A. Arlow, understanding unconscious fantasies was central to his clinical work. These fantasies are to be found at the core of those eruptions that break without warning into our ordinary lives, whether in the form of hysterical symptoms, daydreams or nightmares. What, however, could an unconscious fantasy be on a theoretical level, beyond a vehicle for discharge? Although partly unconscious, such fantasies are sometimes composed of fixed verbal content with a high degree of internal organisation...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348539/autonomic-reactivity-to-arousing-stimuli-with-social-and-non-social-relevance-in-alexithymia
#7
Eduardo S Martínez-Velázquez, Jacques Honoré, Lucas de Zorzi, Julieta Ramos-Loyo, Henrique Sequeira
Emotional difficulties in alexithymia and their social consequences have been linked to alterations in autonomic nervous system. However, most of previous studies did not take into account the distinction between the affective and the cognitive dimensions of the alexithymia, leading to inconsistent results. Aim: In this study, we compared the effects of both dimensions of alexithymia on the autonomic arousal to emotional and social visual stimulations. Methods: Skin conductance responses (SCRs) to items of the International Affective Pictures System characterized by emotional (unpleasant, neutral, and pleasant), social (with humans) or non-social (without humans) content were recorded in non-alexithymic (NA), affective (AA) and cognitive alexithymic (CA) participants, selected on the basis of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale and the Bermond-Vorst Alexithymia Questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306483/preschool-fantasy-reality-discrimination-influences-of-trait-and-primed-fearfulness
#8
Aleksandra V Petkova, Kathleen M Cain
Distinguishing between fantasy and reality is an important developmental milestone, achieved in the preschool years, that has been linked to children's cognitive capabilities and emotional knowledge. The authors examined the influence of both trait and prime fearfulness on preschoolers' ability to differentiate between fantastic and real situations. Forty 3-5-year-old preschoolers were administered a fearfulness assessment, a standard theory-of-mind task, and a fantasy-reality discrimination task (with or without a fear prime)...
March 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293766/daily-grind-a-comparison-of-causality-orientations-emotions-and-fantasy-sport-participation
#9
Brendan Dwyer, James Weiner
In 2015, daily fantasy football entered the fantasy sports market as an offshoot of the traditional, season-long form of the game. With quicker payouts and less commitment, the new activity has drawn comparisons to other forms of illegal gambling, and the determination of whether it is a primarily a game of skill or chance has become the center of the comparison. For the most part, legal commentators and society, in general, views traditional, season-long fantasy football as an innocuous, social activity governed equally by both skill and chance...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273521/positive-future-oriented-fantasies-and-depressive-symptoms-indirect-relationship-through-brooding
#10
Natalia Macrynikola, Shama Goklani, Julia Slotnick, Regina Miranda
Although a positive future outlook is generally associated with psychological well-being, indulging in positive fantasies about the future has been found to exacerbate negative mood-related outcomes such as depressive symptoms. We examined rumination as a cognitive mechanism in this relationship, using an objectively coded measure of future-oriented fantasies, among 261 young adults assessed twice. Engaging in a positive fantasy about the future was associated with the brooding subtype of rumination but not with reflection at baseline...
March 4, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268031/-content-analysis-of-food-adverts-aimed-at-children
#11
José Antonio Ponce-Blandón, Manuel Pabón-Carrasco, María de Las Mercedes Lomas-Campos
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contents and persuasive techniques used in processed food adverts aimed at children in Andalusia, comparing them with those aimed at adults. METHODS: Study based on advert content analysis with two phases: a descriptive design phase and an analytical observational design phase. A sample of adverts from 60hours of broadcasting from the two most watched television channels in Andalusia. RESULTS: A total of 416 food and non-alcoholic beverage adverts were obtained, for 91 different products...
May 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264590/motives-for-online-gaming-questionnaire-its-psychometric-properties-and-correlation-with-internet-gaming-disorder-symptoms-among-chinese-people
#12
Anise M S Wu, Mark H C Lai, Shu Yu, Joseph T F Lau, Man-Wai Lei
Background and aims Internet gaming disorder (IGD) imposes a potential public health threat worldwide. Gaming motives are potentially salient factors of IGD, but research on Chinese gaming motives is scarce. This study empirically evaluated the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Motives for Online Gaming Questionnaire (C-MOGQ), the first inventory that measures seven different gaming motives applicable to all type of online games. We also investigated the associations between various gaming motives and IGD symptoms among Chinese gamers...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251643/-telepathic-phenomena-and-separation-anxiety
#13
Berdj Papazian
By discussing a treatment characterized by its difficult ending, the author strives to show the dynamic impact of separation on phenomena that can be seen as 'telepathic'. Led to develop some inalienable attachment to her analyst in the primary transference, the analysand found herself caught up in the contradiction of her visceral dread of dependency, which compelled her to interrupt the work in progress. She then began to work out her analyst's comings and goings and to run into him in public places, as if to be assured of his immovability...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213723/differences-in-orgasm-frequency-among-gay-lesbian-bisexual-and-heterosexual-men-and-women-in-a-u-s-national-sample
#14
David A Frederick, H Kate St John, Justin R Garcia, Elisabeth A Lloyd
There is a notable gap between heterosexual men and women in frequency of orgasm during sex. Little is known, however, about sexual orientation differences in orgasm frequency. We examined how over 30 different traits or behaviors were associated with frequency of orgasm when sexually intimate during the past month. We analyzed a large US sample of adults (N = 52,588) who identified as heterosexual men (n = 26,032), gay men (n = 452), bisexual men (n = 550), lesbian women (n = 340), bisexual women (n = 1112), and heterosexual women (n = 24,102)...
February 17, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206845/changes-in-affective-and-cognitive-empathy-among-veterinary-practitioners
#15
Regina M Schoenfeld-Tacher, Jane R Shaw, Beatrice Meyer-Parsons, Lori R Kogan
Clinical empathy is a multi-dimensional concept characterized by four dimensions: (1) affective-the ability to experience patients' or clients' emotions and perspectives, (2) moral-the internal motivation to empathize, (3) cognitive-the intellectual ability to identify and comprehend others' perspective and emotions, and (4) behavioral-the ability to convey understanding of those emotions and perspectives back to the patient or client. The Davis Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) was used to examine the affective and cognitive facets of empathy in veterinary practitioners...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192675/sentinels-of-breach
#16
Andrew J Hampton, Valerie L Shalin
Objective This paper identifies general properties of language style in social media to help identify areas of need in disasters. Background In the search for metrics of need in social media data, much of the existing literature ignores processes of language usage. Psychological concepts, such as narrative breach, Gricean maxims, and lexical marking in cognition, may assist the recovery of disaster-relevant metrics from altered patterns of word prevalence. Method We analyzed several hundred thousand location-specific microblogs from Twitter for Hurricane Sandy, Oklahoma tornadoes, and the Boston Marathon bombing along with a fantasy football control corpus, examining the relative frequency of words in 36 antonym pairs...
February 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187372/symptom-overreporting-and-dissociative-experiences-a-qualitative-review
#17
REVIEW
H Merckelbach, I Boskovic, D Pesy, M Dalsklev, S J Lynn
We discuss a phenomenon that has received little attention to date in research on dissociative phenomena, namely that self-reports of these phenomena overlap with the tendency to overendorse eccentric items. We review the literature documenting the dissociation-overreporting link and then briefly discuss various interpretations of this link: (1) overreporting is an artifact of measuring dissociative symptoms; (2) dissociative psychopathology engenders overreporting of eccentric symptoms through fantasy proneness or impairments in internal monitoring; (3) an overreporting response style as is evident in malingerers, for example, promotes reports of dissociative symptoms...
March 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162319/-514-do-happy-fantasies-facilitate-coping-with-acute-pain
#18
H Hekmat, P Staats, A Staats
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161082/genital-sensory-detection-thresholds-and-patient-satisfaction-with-vaginoplasty-in-male-to-female-transgender-women
#19
Marianne LeBreton, Frédérique Courtois, Nicolas Morel Journel, Dominic Beaulieu-Prévost, Marc Bélanger, Alain Ruffion, Jean-Étienne Terrier
INTRODUCTION: Gender-affirming surgery is common for the treatment of gender dysphoria, but its effect on genital sensitivity is not well known. AIMS: To investigate genital sensory detection thresholds in male-to-female transgender women postoperatively and their relation to psychological well-being and variables of satisfaction. METHODS: Prospective study on 28 transgender women at least 18 years old operated on at least 3 months before the study by a single surgeon (N...
February 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156648/is-empathy-associated-with-a-derived-sense-of-meaning-among-resident-physicians-working-with-patients-nearing-the-end-of-life-on-a-hematology-oncology-ward
#20
Jonathan Komisar
28 Background: An association between empathy and physician-in-training based meaning derived from patient deaths has not been explored previously. If meaning is associated with empathy, an intervention to enhance meaning may counteract empathy decline and promote clinician resilience. This study sought to understand if empathy might be associated with the ability to find meaning in the clinical situations that residents face in oncology. METHODS: Internal Medicine residents rotating on a Hematology/Oncology ward were asked "Do you derive a sense of meaning from working with dying patients? Yes or No...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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