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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101927/comparing-positive-and-negative-reinforcement-a-fantasy-experiment
#1
REVIEW
John A Nevin, Charlotte Mandell
We propose quantitative experimental approaches to the question of whether positive and negative reinforcement are functionally different, and discuss scientific and ethical concerns that would arise if these approaches were pursued.
January 2017: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100118/assessing-sexual-interest-in-children-using-the-go-no-go-association-test
#2
Ross M Bartels, Anthony R Beech, Leigh Harkins, David Thornton
The present study investigated whether a latency-based Go/No-Go Association Task (GNAT) could be used as an indirect measure of sexual interest in children. A sample of 29 individuals with a history of exclusive extrafamilial offenses against a child and 15 individuals with either a history of exclusive intrafamilial or mixed offenses (i.e., against both adults and children) were recruited from a treatment center in the United States. Also, a sample of 26 nonoffenders was recruited from a university in the United Kingdom...
January 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079097/fantasy-politics-over-fetal-tissue-research
#3
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076965/predictors-of-burnout-and-health-status-in-samaritans-listening-volunteers
#4
Adeline Roche, Jane Ogden
Samaritan listening volunteers provide emotional support to people in distress or suicidal. Samaritans' has high volunteer turnover, which may be due to burnout. This study evaluated the role of demographic and psychosocial factors in predicting Samaritans listening volunteers' burnout and health status. Samaritans' listening volunteers (n = 216) from seven branches across UK completed an online survey to assess their levels of burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation, personal accomplishment), subjective health status, coping, empathy and social support...
January 11, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074313/characterizing-clinical-genetic-counselors-countertransference-experiences-an-exploratory-study
#5
Rebecca Reeder, Patricia McCarthy Veach, Ian M MacFarlane, Bonnie S LeRoy
Countertransference (CT) refers to conscious and unconscious emotions, fantasies, behaviors, perceptions, and psychological defenses genetic counselors experience in response to any aspect of genetic counseling situations (Weil 2010). Some authors theorize about the importance of recognizing and managing CT, but no studies solely aim to explore genetic counselors' experiences of the phenomenon. This study examined the extent to which clinical genetic counselors' perceive themselves as inclined to experience CT, gathered examples of CT encountered in clinical situations, and assessed their CT management strategies...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065611/-diet-and-lifestyle-rules-in-chronic-constipation-in-adults-from-fantasy-to-reality%C3%A2
#6
Nadia Fathallah, Dominique Bouchard, Vincent de Parades
Chronic constipation is one of the most common chronic gastrointestinal complaints and a frequent reason for consultation. Lifestyle modification and dietary advice attract a lot of patients, often dissatisfied with a long-term drug intake. These behavioral modifications are recommended as a first-line approach in the treatment of chronic mild constipation in the majority of current guidelines despite a low level of evidence. Fiber supplementation is probably the most relevant measure because of a satisfactory level of proof...
January 5, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041924/what-sexual-behaviors-relate-to-decreased-sexual-desire-in-women-a-review-and-proposal-for-end-points-in-treatment-trials-for-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder
#7
REVIEW
Robert Pyke, Anita Clayton
INTRODUCTION: Counts of satisfying sexual events (SSEs) per month have been criticized as an end point in treatment trials of women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) but grounding improvement in sexual desire by assessing changes in sexual behavior remains of some importance. METHODS: We conducted a literature review to find validated measurements that are specific sexual behavioral correlates of low sexual desire. We compared expert-proposed criteria for dysfunctional desire, expert-developed sets of scale items, and self-rated scales developed before issuance of, or in accordance with, the Food and Drug Administration's guidance on developing patient-reported outcomes...
December 29, 2016: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024267/sexual-homicide-brief-review-of-the-literature-and-case-report-involving-rape-genital-mutilation-and-human-arson
#8
REVIEW
Maria-Valeria Karakasi, Epameinondas Vasilikos, Polichronis Voultsos, Aikaterini Vlachaki, Pavlos Pavlidis
The objective of the current paper is to report a new case of sexual murder involving human arson and summarize the literature on the phenomenon of sexual homicide. The present case study is unprecedented in Greece and a rarity in international literature due to the fact that the victim suffered genital mutilation and incineration while still alive. The evaluation consisted of 176 articles; 53 were reviewed by the authors. The results revealed sparse, but significant, research findings. The authors discuss the limitations regarding research, incidence of the phenomenon, crime-scene patterns, offender characteristics (killing methods, motive inferences, sociodemographic data, classifications, psychopathology, modus operandi), and victim selection...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998513/sexual-orientation-and-medical-history-among-iranian-people-with-complete-androgen-insensitivity-syndrome-and-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#9
Behzad S Khorashad, Ghasem M Roshan, Alistair G Reid, Zahra Aghili, Mehran Hiradfar, Mozhgan Afkhamizadeh, Ali Talaei, Azadeh Aarabi, Nosrat Ghaemi, Negin Taghehchian, Hedieh Saberi, Nazanin Farahi, Mohammad Reza Abbaszadegan
OBJECTIVE: To report sexual orientation, relationship status and medical history of Iranian people with Differences of Sex Development (DSD) who were raised female. METHODS: Our participants consisted of nineteen 46,XY individuals with Complete Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (CAIS) and eighteen 46,XX individuals with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) who were raised as females and older than 13years. As well as their relationship status and detailed medical history, an expert psychiatrist assessed their sexual orientation by a semi-structured psychiatric interview with them and, where applicable, their parents...
January 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994559/impaired-attentional-control-in-pedophiles-in-a-sexual-distractor-task
#10
Kirsten Jordan, Peter Fromberger, Jakob von Herder, Henrike Steinkrauss, Rebekka Nemetschek, Joachim Witzel, Jürgen L Müller
Pedophilic disorder, a subtype of paraphilia, is defined as a recurrent sexual interest in prepubescent children, which is characterized by persistent thoughts, fantasies, urges, sexual arousal, or behavior. Besides a deviant sexual preference, sexual preoccupation was found to be a dynamic risk factor for reoffending. Thus, it is conceivable that sex offenders and especially sex offenders against children have difficulties to control their responses to sexual stimuli. In the current study pedophiles, forensic and non-forensic control subjects had to solve a cognitive task, while sexual distractors were presented simultaneously...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980527/the-prevalence-of-sexual-activity-and-sexual-dysfunction-and-behaviours-in-postmenopausal-woman-in-poland
#11
Kamila B Czajkowska, Zbigniew Lew-Starowicz, Monika Szymańska
INTRODUCTION: Despite the aging of the population, there is limited data available about sexual life and behaviours among of postmenopausal and late postmenopausal women. Aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of sexual dysfunction, behaviours, and preferences in the Polish population in 2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This observational survey study involved 538 women, of whom 220 were over 50 years old. The main focus was on the differences and changes between older age groups, mainly 50-59 years and over 60 years...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933444/clinical-faceoff-physician-burnout-fact-fantasy-or-the-fourth-component-of-the-triple-aim
#12
Thomas K Wuest, Michael J Goldberg, John D Kelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928687/histopathological-and-radiological-reporting-in-rectal-cancer-concepts-and-controversies-facts-and-fantasies
#13
S Balyasnikova, N Haboubi, B Moran, G Brown
In rectal cancer patients, the stage of the disease, local spread and distant metastases status drive the treatment decisions to be made. Histopathology remains the gold standard, but preoperative staging, particularly magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), is pivotal for defining surgical planes and finding patients who could potentially benefit from preoperative regimes. Unfortunately, due to a lack of awareness, expertise and practise the quality of rectal cancer MRI and histopathology reporting varies among centres...
December 7, 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899472/autopedophilia-erotic-target-identity-inversions-in-men-sexually-attracted-to-children
#14
Kevin J Hsu, J Michael Bailey
The most salient dimension of men's sexual orientation is gender: attraction to males versus females. A second dimension is sexual maturity: attraction to children versus adults. A less appreciated dimension is location: attraction to other individuals versus the sexual fantasy of being one of those individuals. Men sexually aroused by the idea or fantasy of being the kinds of individuals to whom they are sexually attracted have an erotic-target identity inversion (ETII). We conducted an online survey to investigate the prevalence and phenomenology of ETIIs among 475 men sexually attracted to children...
November 29, 2016: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884015/joseph-fr%C3%A3-d%C3%A3-ric-beno%C3%A3-t-charri%C3%A3-re-how-to-explain-his-success-as-one-of-the-most-famous-surgical-instrument-makers-regarding-his-life-from-childhood-to-death
#15
Jasmin Katrin Badawi
INTRODUCTION: We use the name 'Charrière' every day as a unit of measurement. This article explains his success as one of the most famous instrument makers who ever lived. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of the literature was completed using PubMed. Additionally, material of historical sources like the museum of Bulle was used. RESULTS: Joseph-Frédéric-Benoît Charrière was born in Switzerland in 1803. At the age of 13, he moved to Paris and learned the profession of a cutler...
November 25, 2016: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882477/sexual-fantasy-and-masturbation-among-asexual-individuals-an-in-depth-exploration
#16
Morag A Yule, Lori A Brotto, Boris B Gorzalka
Human asexuality is generally defined as a lack of sexual attraction. We used online questionnaires to investigate reasons for masturbation, and explored and compared the contents of sexual fantasies of asexual individuals (identified using the Asexual Identification Scale) with those of sexual individuals. A total of 351 asexual participants (292 women, 59 men) and 388 sexual participants (221 women, 167 men) participated. Asexual women were significantly less likely to masturbate than sexual women, sexual men, and asexual men...
November 23, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872021/hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-a-review-of-epidemiology-biopsychology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#17
REVIEW
Sharon J Parish, Steven R Hahn
INTRODUCTION: Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD) is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Revised (DSM-IV-TR) as persistent deficient sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity that causes marked distress or interpersonal difficulty. In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), HSDD has been subsumed by Female Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder. However, decades of research based on DSM-IV-TR HSDD criteria form the foundation of our understanding of the essential symptom of distressing low sexual desire, its epidemiology, clinical management, and treatment...
April 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871199/influence-of-obesity-and-hormone-disturbances-on-sexuality-of-women-in-the-menopause
#18
Aleksandra Simoncig Netjasov, Milina Tančić-Gajić, Miomira Ivović, Ljiljana Marina, Zorana Arizanović, Svetlana Vujović
OBJECTIVE: To assess influence of obesity and hormone disturbances on sexuality in the menopause. METHODS: The study included 73 menopausal women, who were divided into groups according to body mass index (BMI) ≥ 26.7 kg/m(2). Anthropometric characteristics and blood pressure were measured. Blood was taken at 08:00 for hormones. All the participants filled in McCoy Female Sexual Questionnaire for the assessment of sexual life. STATISTICS: Student's t-test, correlation, analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
September 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861857/mainstream-body-character-breach-films-and-subjectivization
#19
Sandra Meiri, Odeya Kohen-Raz
The authors analyze a unique cinematic corpus - 'body-character breach films' (one character, initially played by a certain actor, occupies the body of another character) - demonstrating Lacan's notion of traversing the fantasy, both on the level of the films' diegesis and that of spectatorship. Breaching the alliance between actors and their characters perturbs the viewer's fantasy of wholeness enabled by this very alliance. Consequently, a change in subject/spectatorial position in relation to the lack in the Other is induced, enhanced through the visualization of various scenarios of unconscious fantasies (mostly incest)...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859140/further-developments-of-the-concept-of-fantasy
#20
Gabriella Giustino
After the Isaacs' seminal work on the nature and function of unconscious phantasy (1948), several authors (mostly in the British Society) have reflected on the topic and tried to extend the concept of fantasy. In this paper I shall examine the contributions of Winnicott, Gaddini, Joseph and Anne Marie Sandler that aim at broadening this psychoanalytic concept. The authors that I have considered share a focus mostly on the early stages of child development. Both Winnicott and Gaddini belong to a line of thinking that explores the vicissitudes of the primary emotional development of the infantile self (in the mother-infant relationship) involving the earliest processes of holding and bodily and kinaesthetic fantasy that form the bodily integrity of the person...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
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