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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718194/prevalence-of-imaginary-companions-in-japanese-children
#1
Yusuke Moriguchi, Naoya Todo
Having an imaginary companion (IC) is an example of children's pretend play. However, most research regarding children's ICs is from Western cultures. In this study, the prevalence of ICs was assessed among Japanese children (2- to 9-year-old children, N = 800). The developmental (age), biological (sex), and environmental (birth order) effects on Japanese children's ICs were also assessed. Moreover, whether IC status can be an indicator of fantasy orientation in Japanese children was examined. The results revealed that the prevalence of the invisible friend was relatively rare, but the personified object was prevalent in Japanese children...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649168/the-scandinavian-fantasy-the-sources-of-intergenerational-mobility-in-denmark-and-the-us
#2
Rasmus Landersø, James J Heckman
This paper examines the sources of differences in social mobility between the U.S. and Denmark. Measured by income mobility, Denmark is a more mobile society, but not when measured by educational mobility. There are pronounced nonlinearities in income and educational mobility in both countries. Greater Danish income mobility is largely a consequence of redistributional tax, transfer, and wage compression policies. While Danish social policies for children produce more favorable cognitive test scores for disadvantaged children, these do not translate into more favorable educational outcomes, partly because of disincentives to acquire education arising from the redistributional policies that increase income mobility...
January 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628957/affect-symptom-fantasy-dream-clinical-and-theoretical-considerations
#3
Eugene J Mahon
A symptom being studied in the process of analysis can be seen as not unlike the unconscious affect it sprang from. The author presents a case in which a symptom, premature ejaculation, was analogous to the unconscious affect of guilt, which itself seemed to be a premature defensive transformation of a deeper current of anger. Guilt was interpreted as if it were a psychic premature ejaculation, a defensive derailment of anger. Fantasy and dream seemed to be engaged in similar transformations, with a fantasy of "premature incarceration" not unlike the symptom itself in its analogous functioning...
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613951/the-fantasy-questionnaire-a-measure-to-assess-creative-and-imaginative-fantasy
#4
David Weibel, Corinna S Martarelli, Diego Häberli, Fred W Mast
This article reports the construction and validation of a comprehensive self-report measure of fantasy. Unlike previous measures of fantasy, which focus on psychopathology, we conceive fantasy as a trait with positive connotation. Principal component analysis (N = 318) and confirmatory factor analyses (N = 345) were conducted using 2 sociodemographically diverse samples. The results provided support for a 2-factor conceptualization of the construct, with the dimensions imaginative fantasy and creative fantasy...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608919/classroom-and-school-predictors-of-civic-engagement-among-black-and-latino-middle-school-youth
#5
Robert J Jagers, Fantasy T Lozada, Deborah Rivas-Drake, Casta Guillaume
This study used short-term longitudinal data to examine the contributions of democratic teaching practices (e.g., the Developmental Designs approach) and equitable school climate to civic engagement attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors among 515 Black and Latino middle school students (47.9% male). Concurrent experiences of democratic homeroom and classroom practices, and equitable school climate were associated with higher scores on each civic engagement component. The relation between classroom practices and civic attitudes was more robust when school climate was seen as more equitable...
June 13, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597062/an-anther-specific-gene-phgrp-is-regulated-by-phmyc2-and-causes-male-sterility-when-overexpressed-in-petunia-anthers
#6
Yuanzheng Yue, Chaoqun Yin, Rui Guo, Hao Peng, Zhaonan Yang, Guofeng Liu, Manzhu Bao, Huirong Hu
An anther-specific GRP gene, regulated by PhMYC2 , causes a significant reduction of male fertility when overexpressed in petunia, and its promoter is efficient in genetic engineering of male-sterile lines. Glycine-rich proteins (GRPs) play important roles in plant anther development; however, the underlying mechanisms and related regulatory networks are poorly understood. In this study, a novel glycine-rich family gene designated as PhGRP was isolated from Petunia hybrida 'Fantasy Red'. The qRT-PCR analysis showed that it expressed specifically in anthers, and its expression peaked earlier than those well-known tapetum-specific genes, such as TA29, and several genes with the classic cis-regulatory element 'anther-box' in petunia during its anther development...
June 9, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557921/less-fantasy-more-reality-a-call-for-humanistic-change-in-medical-school-admissions
#7
Tom Laux
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556692/war-trauma-and-maternal-fetal-attachment-predicting-maternal-mental-health-infant-development-and-dyadic-interaction-in-palestinian-families
#8
Raija-Leena Punamäki, Sanna Isosävi, Samir R Qouta, Saija Kuittinen, Safwat Y Diab
Optimal maternal-fetal attachment (MFA) is believed to be beneficial for infant well-being and dyadic interaction, but research is scarce in general and among risk populations. Our study involved dyads living in war conditions and examined how traumatic war trauma associates with MFA and which factors mediate that association. It also modeled the role of MFA in predicting newborn health, infant development, mother-infant interaction, and maternal postpartum mental health. Palestinian women from the Gaza Strip (N = 511) participated during their second trimester (T1), and when their infants were 4 (T2) and 12 (T3) months...
May 30, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527226/play-seriously-effectiveness-of-serious-games-and-their-features-in-motor-rehabilitation-a-meta-analysis
#9
Diana Tăut, Sebastian Pintea, Jan-Paul W R Roovers, Miguel-Angel Mañanas, Adriana Băban
BACKGROUND: Evidence for the effectiveness of serious games (SGs) and their various features is inconsistent in the motor rehabilitation field, which makes evidence based development of SGs a rare practice. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of SGs in motor rehabilitation for upper limb and movement/balance and to test the potential moderating role of SGs features like feedback, activities, characters and background. METHODS: We ran a meta-analysis including 61 studies reporting randomized controlled trials (RCTs), controlled trials (CTs) or case series designs in which at least one intervention for motor rehabilitation included the use of SGs as standalone or in combination...
May 19, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522978/change-during-psychotherapy-through-sand-play-tray-in-children-that-have-been-sexually-abused
#10
María D L Angeles Tornero, Claudia Capella
This paper presents the results of a qualitative study on the use of sandplay, or sand tray therapy, in the psychotherapeutic process of children who have been sexually abused. A longitudinal study was carried out with seven participants between the ages of 7 and 10 years old. Data was produced during observation of the therapeutic activity over the course of three different phases of treatment, using a rubric created especially for this observation. Three sandplay sessions were recorded: one at the start of therapy, one at the 3-month mark, and the third and final session after 6 months of treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504337/archaic-man-meets-a-marvellous-automaton-posthumanism-social-robots-archetypes
#11
Raya Jones
Posthumanism is associated with critical explorations of how new technologies are rewriting our understanding of what it means to be human and how they might alter human existence itself. Intersections with analytical psychology vary depending on which technologies are held in focus. Social robotics promises to populate everyday settings with entities that have populated the imagination for millennia. A legend of A Marvellous Automaton appears as early as 350 B.C. in a book of Taoist teachings, and is joined by ancient and medieval legends of manmade humanoids coming to life, as well as the familiar robots of modern science fiction...
June 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497741/-cancer-screening-fantasies
#12
Bertrand Jordan
The use of circulating tumour DNA to screen for cancer in asymptomatic individuals is the goal of Grail, initially set up by Illumina. This company is now raising a large amount of capital to develop this project on a much longer time scale than initially announced. Although it has access to cutting edge technology and is led by excellent scientists, the prospect for success in this application is rather bleak, mainly because of the extreme requirements for specificity in order to avoid overdiagnosis.
April 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477036/insecure-attachments-and-their-intermingling-transferences
#13
Doris K Silverman
There are least two different but interrelated motivational systems in human beings both of which begin in infancy: the attachment system and the separate, but interacting, psychodynamic system. Each of these systems is the basis of transference. A major focus of the paper is the affect-regulating feature of the attachment system. Infants' emotional states can be well-regulated or dysregulated as they emerge in interactions with their primary caregiver. Aberrant interactions of dysregulation typically lead to the development of insecure or disorganized attachments...
May 5, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466421/pathways-to-reciprocated-friendships-a-cross-lagged-panel-study-on-young-adolescents-anger-regulation-towards-friends
#14
Maria von Salisch, Janice L Zeman
Adolescents' close friendships are an important and unique learning context in which adolescents can practice and hone their emotion regulation skills within an egalitarian, supportive relationship structure that provides important feedback on the effectiveness of the regulation strategies. This longitudinal study examined whether adolescents' involvement in supportive reciprocal friendships influenced the way in which they regulated angry feelings arising in these friendships. A sample of 299 German adolescents began a 30-month, 3-wave longitudinal study in grade 7 (151 boys, M age = 12...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465568/would-be-wife-killer-a-clinical-study-of-primitive-mental-functions-actualised-unconscious-fantasies-satellite-states-and-developmental-steps-by-vamik-volkan-karnac-books-ltd-london-2015-192pp
#15
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461429/-not-to-escape-the-world-but-to-join-it-responding-to-climate-change-with-imagination-not-fantasy
#16
Andrew Davison
The work of climate scientists, demonstrating human-driven climate change, has not provoked the widespread and far-reaching changes to human behaviour necessary to avert potentially catastrophic environmental trajectories. This work has not yet sufficiently been able to engage the individual and collective imagination. Drawing on Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834) and Iris Murdoch (1919-1999), we can distinguish two modes under which the human imagination can operate: in Murdoch's terms, these are 'imagination' and 'fantasy'...
June 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444531/multifaceted-sexual-desire-and-hormonal-associations-accounting-for-social-location-relationship-status-and-desire-target
#17
Sara B Chadwick, Shannon M Burke, Katherine L Goldey, Sari M van Anders
Sexual desire is typically measured as a unitary erotic phenomenon and is often assumed by biological and biomedical researchers, as well as the lay public, to be directly connected to physiological parameters like testosterone (T). In the present study, we empirically examined how conceptualizing sexual desire as multifaceted might clarify associations with T and contextual variables. To do so, we used the Sexual Desire Questionnaire (DESQ), which assesses multifaceted dyadic sexual desire, to explore how contextual variables such as social location, relationship status, and desire target (e...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442935/new-developments-in-the-treatment-of-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-a-focus-on-flibanserin
#18
REVIEW
Christopher J Jayne, Michael J Heard, Sarah Zubair, Dustie L Johnson
The objective of the authors is to highlight the historical complexities for the diagnosis and treatment of hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) with a focus on Flibanserin. A systematic review of the medical literature published in PubMed using the search terms HSDD and Flibanserin was conducted. Each author reviewed the results of the systematic review for articles to include in this study. HSDD is defined as a persistent or recurrent deficiency or absence of sexual fantasies and desire for sexual activity causing marked distress or interpersonal difficulty that is not better accounted for by another diagnosis...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395570/long-term-benefits-by-a-mind-body-medicine-skills-course-on-perceived-stress-and-empathy-among-medical-and-nursing-students
#19
Marja van Vliet, Mats Jong, Miek C Jong
BACKGROUND: A significant number of medical students suffer from burnout symptoms and reduced empathy. This controlled, quasi-experimental study aimed to investigate whether a mind-body medicine (MBM) skills course could reduce perceived stress and increase empathy and self-reflection in medical and nursing students. METHODS: The MBM course (consisting of experiential sessions of mind-body techniques and group reflections) was piloted among Dutch medical students and Swedish nursing students...
April 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389520/oocyte-stem-cells-fact-or-fantasy
#20
REVIEW
Corrina J Horan, Suzannah A Williams
For many decades, the dogma prevailed that female mammals had a finite pool of oocytes at birth and this was gradually exhausted during a lifetime of reproductive function. However, in 2004, a new era began in the field of female oogenesis. A study was published that appeared to detect oocyte-stem cells capable of generating new eggs within mouse ovaries. This study was highly controversial and the years since this initial finding have produced extensive research and even more extensive debate into their possibility...
July 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
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