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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904690/data-on-fantasy-vs-contact-driven-internet-initiated-sexual-offences-study-selection-appraisal-and-characteristics
#1
L J Broome, C Izura, N Lorenzo-Dus
Data presented within this article supports the findings of the manuscript "A systematic review of fantasy driven vs contact driven internet-initiated sexual offences: Discrete or overlapping typologies?" (Broome et al., in press) [1]. Inclusion and Exclusion criteria of study selection, PICO Formulation of Study Appraisal, as well as the Study Characteristics and Methodology of included studies are presented.
June 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883932/exploring-sexuality-profiles-of-adolescents-who-have-engaged-in-sexual-abuse-and-their-link-to-delinquency-and-offense-characteristics
#2
Jo-Annie Spearson Goulet, Monique Tardif
Very few studies have taken a specific interest in the various sexual dimensions, beyond delinquent sexual behavior, of adolescents who have engaged in sexual abuse (AESA). Those that went beyond delinquent sexual behavior have report mixed results, suggesting they are a heterogeneous group. The current study used cluster analysis to examine the sexuality profiles of AESA, which included information on several sexual dimensions (atypical and normative fantasies and experiences, drive, body image, pornography, first masturbation, onset of sexual interest and first exposure to sex)...
June 5, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879700/suicidal-and-aggressive-ideation-associated-with-feelings-of-embitterment
#3
Michael Linden, Isabel Noack
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders can be associated with suicidal or aggressive ideation and behavior, especially in the context of embitterment. The aim of this study is to investigate the types, prevalence, and dangerousness of aggressive and suicidal ideations associated with embitterment. METHODS: When therapists from the department of behavioral medicine detected signs of embitterment, aggression, or suicidal thoughts in their patients, they routinely filled out a questionnaire on aggressive ideation, assessed the embitterment, and contacted a senior psychiatrist...
June 7, 2018: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867695/technological-resources-to-prevent-cyberbullying-during-adolescence-the-cyberprogram-2-0-program-and-the-cooperative-cybereduca-2-0-videogame
#4
Maite Garaigordobil, Vanesa Martínez-Valderrey
Bullying and cyberbullying have serious consequences for all those involved, especially the victims, and its prevalence is high throughout all the years of schooling, which emphasizes the importance of prevention. This article describes an intervention proposal, made up of a program (Cyberprogram 2.0 Garaigordobil and Martínez-Valderrey, 2014a) and a videogame (Cooperative Cybereduca 2.0 Garaigordobil and Martínez-Valderrey, 2016b) which aims to prevent and reduce cyberbullying during adolescence and which has been validated experimentally...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867673/schizotypy-and-performance-on-an-insight-problem-solving-task-the-contribution-of-persecutory-ideation
#5
Jan Cosgrave, Ross Haines, Stuart Golodetz, Gordon Claridge, Katharina Wulff, Dalena van Heugten-van der Kloet
Insight problem solving is thought to underpin creative thought as it incorporates both divergent (generating multiple ideas and solutions) and convergent (arriving at the optimal solution) thinking approaches. The current literature on schizotypy and creativity is mixed and requires clarification. An alternate approach was employed by designing an exploratory web-based study using only correlates of schizotypal traits (paranoia, dissociation, cognitive failures, fantasy proneness, and unusual sleep experiences) and examining which (if any) predicted optimal performance on an insight problem-solving task...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758557/a-phenomenological-approach-to-psychopathology-of-imagination-development-of-a-descriptive-instrument-examination-of-anomalous-fantasy-and-imagination
#6
Andreas Rosén Rasmussen, Helene Stephensen, Julie Nordgaard, Josef Parnas
This paper serves as an introduction to the Examination of Anomalous Fantasy and Imagination (EAFI) - a novel instrument for a semistructured, phenomenological exploration of psychopathology of imagination. We present an account of the phenomenology of imagination and proceed to a presentation of the disorders of imagination that are addressed in the EAFI. Furthermore, the interrater reliability of the EAFI was examined in a diagnostically heterogeneous sample of 20 in-patients. The interrater agreement ranged from 0...
May 14, 2018: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758549/eafi-examination-of-anomalous-fantasy-and-imagination
#7
Andreas Rosén Rasmussen, Helene Stephensen, Josef Parnas
The Examination of Anomalous Fantasy and Imagination (EAFI) is an instrument for a semistructured, phenomenological exploration of psychopathology of imagination. The EAFI provides a conceptual-descriptive framework to address such experiences. It consists of 16 main items, sometimes divided into subtypes. We suggest that the anomalies of imagination explored by the EAFI reflect an alteration in the structure of consciousness and belong to a fundamental, generative layer of psychopathology with relevance to differential diagnostic purposes...
May 14, 2018: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747766/-trisomy-21-the-ethics-between-the-right-to-life-and-a-possible-termination-of-pregnancy-for-medical-reasons
#8
Marie-José Riss-Minervini
The antenatal diagnosis tools now available feed the fantasy of the 'perfect baby'. In this context and in parallel to a whole range of other foetal pathologies, trisomy 21 represents an emblematic situation which acts as a reminder that it is ethically essential to keep open the question of terminating or continuing with a pregnancy. Multidisciplinary team work remains the best safeguard against possible abuses.
May 2018: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746176/reopening-openness-to-experience-a-network-analysis-of-four-openness-to-experience-inventories
#9
Alexander P Christensen, Katherine N Cotter, Paul J Silvia
Openness to Experience is a complex trait, the taxonomic structure of which has been widely debated. Previous research has provided greater clarity of its lower order structure by synthesizing facets across several scales related to Openness to Experience. In this study, we take a finer grained approach by investigating the item-level relations of four Openness to Experience inventories (Big Five Aspects Scale, HEXACO-100, NEO PI-3, and Woo et al.'s Openness to Experience Inventory), using a network science approach, which allowed items to form an emergent taxonomy of facets and aspects...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739526/trauma-focused-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#10
REVIEW
Fredric N Busch, Barbara L Milrod
The authors describe a psychodynamic psychotherapeutic approach to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), trauma-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy. This psychotherapy addresses disruptions in narrative coherence and affective dysregulation by exploring the psychological meanings of symptoms and their relation to traumatic events. The therapist works to identify intrapsychic conflicts, intense negative affects, and defense mechanisms related to the PTSD syndrome using a psychodynamic formulation that provides a framework for intervention...
June 2018: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738426/pharmacological-treatment-of-sexual-offenders-in-german-outpatient-treatment-centers
#11
Daniel Turner, Priscilla Gregório Hertz, Julia Sauter, Peer Briken, Martin Rettenberger
In Germany, depending on a sexual offender's culpability and the severity of the offence, he/she can be placed either in the forensic-psychiatric or the correctional system. Numbers related to the pharmacological treatment of sexual offenders for the correctional system are missing so far. In sexual offenders, the pharmacological treatment of paraphilic disorders is of special importance. The present study aimed at assessing the prevalence of pharmacological sexual offender treatment in German outpatient treatment centers supervising mainly clients from the correctional sector...
May 4, 2018: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730313/exploring-detection-of-contact-vs-fantasy-online-sexual-offenders-in-chats-with-minors-statistical-discourse-analysis-of-self-disclosure-and-emotion-words
#12
Ming Ming Chiu, Kathryn C Seigfried-Spellar, Tatiana R Ringenberg
This exploratory study is the first to identify content differences between youths' online chats with contact child sex offenders (CCSOs; seek to meet with youths) and those with fantasy child sex offenders (FCSOs; do not meet with youths) using statistical discourse analysis (SDA). Past studies suggest that CCSOs share their experiences and emotions with targeted youths (self-disclosure grooming tactic) and encourage them to reciprocate, to build trust and closer relationships through a cycle of self-disclosures...
May 3, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708422/disillusioning-gender
#13
Britt-Marie Schiller
Illusions are not errors but erroneous beliefs motivated by wishful ideas and fantasies. To disillusion gender is to challenge the traditional Freudian construction that splits masculinity and femininity into agency versus passivity, the first with power, the second without. Disillusioning femininity as impotent frees up potency and power as generativity. Disillusioning masculinity as phallic and omnipotent opens the masculine subject to permeability and vulnerability. Illusions regarding the transgender include the idea that there are only two gender categories and the idea that gender identity is generated solely from an internal sense of self...
April 2018: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708419/illusionment-and-disillusionment-foundational-illusions-and-the-loss-of-a-world
#14
Alfred Margulies
One can only be disillusioned if once one lived within illusions-and so disillusionment is always after the fact ( après coup or nachträglich), as illusions come into view even as they are crumbling within. With a crisis of disillusionment-or existential disillusionment-one falls away from a coherence of meaning, revealing a system of intertwined fundamental illusions that had always been lived within and implicit, part of one's being-in-the-world, and that now seem broken, strange, and uncanny. This way of being that one recognizes only retrospectively may be called "illusionment," a state of being apprehended in the very process of its falling apart...
April 2018: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684945/-it-s-going-to-be-extra-fun-analysis-of-an-atypical-case-of-teen-homicide-as-leisure-behavior
#15
D J Williams, Jolene Vincent
Recently, scholars in literary criminology and leisure sciences have begun to explore the role of broader leisure culture in potentially shaping fantasy development, planning, preparation, and execution in specific cases of expressive homicide. This brief report focuses on an unusual case of expressive homicide, wherein two teen offenders in Idaho collaborated to murder a female classmate as an intentional leisure activity. Prior to the murder, the offenders created a videotape describing how they planned to commit this (and additional) murders...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674946/betting-forex-trading-and-fantasy-gaming-sponsorships-a-responsible-marketing-inquiry-into-the-gamblification-of-english-football
#16
Hibai Lopez-Gonzalez, Mark D Griffiths
Environmental stimuli in the form of marketing inducements to gamble money on sports have increased in recent years. The purpose of the present paper is to tackle the extended definition of the gamblification of sport using sponsorship and partnership deals of gambling, forex trading, and fantasy gaming as a proxy for assessing its environmental impact. Using data about sponsorship deals from English Football Premier League, the paper builds on the evidence of English football's gamblification process to discuss the impact that the volume, penetration, and marketing strategies of sports betting might have on public health and well-being...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656437/structural-correlates-of-openness-and-intellect-implications-for-the-contribution-of-personality-to-creativity
#17
Oshin Vartanian, Christopher J Wertz, Ranee A Flores, Erin L Beatty, Ingrid Smith, Kristen Blackler, Quan Lam, Rex E Jung
Openness/Intellect (i.e., openness to experience) is the Big Five personality factor most consistently associated with individual differences in creativity. Recent psychometric evidence has demonstrated that this factor consists of two distinct aspects-Intellect and Openness. Whereas Intellect reflects perceived intelligence and intellectual engagement, Openness reflects engagement with fantasy, perception, and aesthetics. We investigated the extent to which Openness and Intellect are associated with variations in brain structure as measured by cortical thickness, area, and volume (N = 185)...
April 15, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650163/developing-a-health-education-game-for-preschoolers-what-should-we-consider
#18
Arbianingsih, Yeni Rustina, Tri Krianto, Dian Ayubi
OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive picture of what preschoolers prefer in computer game so that such game may be developed as a medium in health education. This is an important step to attract the children's attention so that the learning objectives from the educational game can be achieved. METHOD: This study used descriptive qualitative approach and involved seven children aged from three to six years. Purposive sampling was used to choose participants in accordance with the inclusion criteria...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644145/publicly-reported-wound-healing-rates-the-fantasy-and-the-reality
#19
REVIEW
Caroline E Fife, Kristen A Eckert, Marissa J Carter
Significance: We compare real-world data from the U.S. Wound Registry (USWR) with randomized controlled trials and publicly reported wound outcomes and develop criteria for honest reporting of wound outcomes, a requirement of the new Quality Payment Program (QPP). Recent Advances: Because no method has existed by which wounds could be stratified according to their likelihood of healing among real-world patients, practitioners have reported fantastically high healing rates. The USWR has developed several risk-stratified wound healing quality measures for diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) and venous leg ulcers (VLUs) as part of its Qualified Clinical Data Registry (QCDR)...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643373/reading-willy-wonka-in-the-era-of-anti-thinking
#20
Ian S Miller
Whether encountered as a movie or novel, Roald Dahl's Charlie and the Chocolate Factory is a childhood staple of postwar Anglophone culture. Originally published in 1964, Dahl's story of "Willie Wonka" is a morality tale for our times addressed by the present essay in relation to the precariousness, violence, intergenerational faith, and materialist fantasies reflective of contemporary life in the early twenty-first century. Compensating for the precarity of contemporary life's impoverishment as assumptions of societal stability are overthrown, this chronicle of the Bucket family details: envious desire validated by large group chosen trauma; authoritarian enslavement of inferior, colonized peoples with murderous, industrial-level human experimentation; toward gratification of the greedy fantasy of unlimited sweetness under the sway of lethal identification with the aggressor...
June 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
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