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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236812/-freud-for-all-psychoanalysis-and-mass-culture-in-chile-1920-1950
#1
Mariano Ruperthuz Honorato
This article deals with the circulation and early spread of Freudianism in mass culture in Chilean society at the turn of the twentieth century. It documents the first references to Sigmund Freud in the Chilean media, the announcement of Freudian-style self-help classes, the appearance of psychoanalysts as characters in some fantasy novels, and the open lectures on psychoanalysis given by the first juvenile court judge in Santiago, the lawyer Samuel Gajardo Contreras. It explores the expectations projected onto Freudianism by the Chilean elite, and how Freud's theories contributed to a rethinking of childhood, the family and emotional life in Chile from 1920-1950...
November 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226365/panel%C3%A2-report-ipa-congress-buenos-aires-2017-finding-unconscious-fantasy-in-the-intimacy-of-the-analytic-encounter
#2
Rogelio Sosnik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211115/acute-stress-disorder-and-defense-mechanisms-a-study-of-physical-trauma-patients-admitted-to-an-emergency-hospital
#3
Márcia Rosane Moreira Santana, Cleonice Zatti, Mariana Lunardi Spader, Bibiana Godoi Malgarim, Emílio Salle, Renato Piltcher, Keila Maria Mendes Ceresér, Andre Goettems Bastos, Lúcia Helena Freitas
INTRODUCTION: Acute stress disorder (ASD) encompasses a set of symptoms that can arise in individuals after exposure to a traumatic event. This study assessed the defense mechanisms used by victims of physical trauma who developed ASD. METHOD: This was a controlled cross-sectional study of 146 patients who suffered physical trauma and required hospitalization. A structured questionnaire was used to evaluate ASD symptoms based on DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, in addition to the Defense Style Questionnaire (DSQ)...
December 4, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188280/simulation-models-of-therapy-intensification-in-lipid-lowering-medicine-fact-or-fantasy
#4
Paolo Calabrò, Felice Gragnano, Matteo Pirro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140289/cats-and-carbohydrates-the-carnivore-fantasy
#5
REVIEW
Adronie Verbrugghe, Myriam Hesta
The domestic cat's wild ancestors are obligate carnivores that consume prey containing only minimal amounts of carbohydrates. Evolutionary events adapted the cat's metabolism and physiology to this diet strictly composed of animal tissues and led to unique digestive and metabolic peculiarities of carbohydrate metabolism. The domestic cat still closely resembles its wild ancestor. Although the carnivore connection of domestic cats is well recognised, little is known about the precise nutrient profile to which the digestive physiology and metabolism of the cat have adapted throughout evolution...
November 15, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134841/the-googled-and-googling-analyst
#6
Nathan Kravis
Kierkegaard's concept of leveling is applied to the dynamics of envy, particularly as they come into play among psychoanalysts doing clinical analytic work. This is illustrated in two clinical vignettes. The technocultural surround of the digital age impinges on analytic identity in ways that can evoke fantasied retreats into sameness and erasure of distinction. The "digital reality principle" is introduced as a way of conceptualizing an aspect of the hatred of thinking and certain envious responses to distinction...
October 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134838/the-analyst-s-use-of-theory-or-theories-the-play-of-theory
#7
Steven H Cooper
Two clinical vignettes demonstrate a methodological approach that guides the analyst's attention to metaphors and surfaces that are the focus of different theories. Clinically, the use of different theories expands the metaphorical language with which the analyst tries to make contact with the patient's unconscious life. Metaphorical expressions may be said to relate to each other as the syntax of unconscious fantasy (Arlow 1979). The unconscious fantasy itself represents a metaphorical construction of childhood experience that has persisted, dynamically expressive and emergent into adult life...
October 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128912/ovarian-stem-cells-resolving-controversies
#8
Deepa Bhartiya, Hiren Patel
A recent review on ovarian stem cells by Horan and Williams entitled "Oocyte Stem Cells: Fact or Fantasy?" suggests that the debate on ovarian stem cells (OSCs) is still not over. They did not even discuss the presence of two distinct populations of stem cells in the ovary in their review. OSCs are located in the ovary surface epithelium and Tilly's group reported them in the size range of 5-8 μm whereas Virant-Klun's group has reported pluripotent, 2-4 μm OSCs. Our group reported OSCs of two distinct sizes including pluripotent very small embryonic-like stem cells (VSELs) which are smaller in size than RBCs (similar to those reported by Virant-Klun's group) and slightly bigger (similar to those reported by Tilly's group) tissue committed progenitors (OSCs) that presumably differentiate from VSELs...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122005/memories-of-paternal-relations-are-associated-with-coping-and-defense-mechanisms-in-breast-cancer-patients-an-observational-study
#9
Chiara Renzi, Giada Perinel, Paola Arnaboldi, Sara Gandini, Valeria Vadilonga, Nicole Rotmensz, Angela Tagini, Florence Didier, Gabriella Pravettoni
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer diagnosis and treatment represent stressful events that demand emotional adjustment, thus recruiting coping strategies and defense mechanisms. As parental relations were shown to influence emotion regulation patterns and adaptive processes in adulthood, the present study investigated whether they are specifically associated to coping and defense mechanisms in patients with breast cancer. METHODS: One hundred and ten women hospitalized for breast cancer surgery were administered questionnaires assessing coping with cancer, defense mechanisms, and memories of parental bonding in childhood...
November 9, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106794/sexual-arousal-by-dominance-and-submission-in-relation-to-increased-reproductive-success-in-the-general-population
#10
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: Sexual arousal by dominance and submissiveness was long considered a mental disorder. The origin of this sexual preference has not been clearly explained. This study scrutinizes the hypothesis that sexual arousal by hierarchical disparity is a manifestation of mating strategy by comparing number of offspring and self-reported attractiveness of the study participants. METHODS: Our data were obtained from the general population via e-mail questionnaire (n=673, age 25-34 years and 35-44 years)...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062132/some-paths-towards-psychotic-alienation
#11
Franco De Masi
In this paper I use the term alienation to describe the mind's detachment from psychic reality and its withdrawal into an alien world that leads to progressive dehumanization. In spite of this phenomenon having a psychodynamic nosography and descriptive models that effectively reveal it in detail, mental alienation is still mysterious and unsettling, especially when it manifests all of a sudden in clinical work. Alienating withdrawal into sensory fantasizing, which causes increasing loss of contact with human reality, is often preceded by a long period of time spent in a dissociated world that has gradually replaced psychic reality...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055395/the-neural-signature-of-emotional-memories-in-serial-crimes
#12
Philippe Chassy
Neural plasticity is the process whereby semantic information and emotional responses are stored in neural networks. It is hypothesized that the neural networks built over time to encode the sexual fantasies that motivate serial killers to act should display a unique, detectable activation pattern. The pathological neural watermark hypothesis posits that such networks comprise activation of brain sites that reflect four cognitive components: autobiographical memory, sexual arousal, aggression, and control over aggression...
October 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048323/dimensional-structure-and-measurement-invariance-of-the-interpersonal-reactivity-index-iri-across-gender
#13
Beatriz Lucas-Molina, Alicia Pérez-Albéniz, Javier Ortuño-Sierra, Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero
BACKGROUND: The main goal of the present study was to examine the dimensional structure and measurement invariance of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI; Davis, 1980) across gender. METHOD: Two Spanish samples comprising 2,499 college students (71.2% women; M = 21.06 years) and 1,438 adults (57.8% women; M = 40.01 years) completed the IRI. RESULTS: The study of the internal structure, using Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling (ESEM), revealed that the four-factor structure (Perspective Taking, Fantasy, Empathic Concern, and Personal Distress) fitted well to the college students’ data; however, in the sample of adults all factorial models showed modest goodness-of-fit indexes...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994483/-clemency-on-the-way-to-the-gallows-death-dreams-and-dissociation
#14
Kenneth Kimmel
The survivor of a decade of childhood sexual trauma and violence, perpetrated by a monstrous father, produced a series of dreams in the final year of a ten-year analysis. They illuminated the 'death drive' beneath a lifelong preoccupation with dying and fantasies of submission to death, perpetuated by the promise of hoped-for freedom from pain and release from a life of suffering. The initial dream involved the collapse of a team of white horses drawing him in a pillory cart to his own hanging for a crime he did not commit...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994469/transgenderism-and-transformation-an-attempt-at-a-jungian-understanding
#15
Michael A Marsman
While transgenderism as a cultural phenomenon seems to be based on a collective taste for the sensational, its emergence represents a collective shift towards a new or more differentiated way of experiencing and expressing sex and gender, a movement of world soul. This paper attempts to explore that emergence from a Jungian perspective. The paper utilizes clinical examples which illustrate how dissociated aspects of the personality are seeking assimilation and expression in order to move the personality towards greater wholeness...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972840/idiocultural-design-as-a-tool-of-cultural-psychology
#16
Michael Cole
The study of small group idiocultures offers a productive way to study the role of culture in human cognitive and social development. My evidence is drawn from a multi-decade long study of groups of mixed-aged participants engaged in deliberately designed forms of joint activity taking place several times a week over periods extending over decades in a variety of institutional settings. In each such system, participants ranging from middle childhood to adulthood participate in an after-school program composed of a wide variety of games brought together in a fantasy world watched over by a Wizard...
September 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963920/student-nurses-experience-of-a-fairy-garden-healing-haven-garden-for-sick-children
#17
Pamela van der Riet, Chaweewan Jitsacorn, Piyatida Junlapeeya, Peter Thursby
BACKGROUND: The concept and philosophy of healing environments in health care is not new and there has been recent research into the experience of nurses and families experience of healing environments producing positive outcomes in relieving stress and improving quality of life. However, there is little in-depth information about student nurse's experience of healing environments in support of patients. AIM: To report on the stories of student nurses who participated in formal and informal activities in a healing haven environment called a Fairy Garden (FG) within a hospital in northern Thailand...
December 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953796/the-magic-of-caressing-the-mind-by-touching-the-body-take-care-of-depression-face-up-to-cancer-a-new-frontier-of-psycho-oncology
#18
Maria Grazia Spurio
BACKGROUND: The new frontier of research in all areas that deal with health and wellness (medicine, psychotherapy, personal care in general) sees the increase of projects in which the individual is center-placed, as a whole, in a holistic view. The mind and the body are inseparable, as in a circularity and recursivity unique for each individual (Spurio, M.G., 2015). The results of the most innovative research would seem to suggest, therefore, that a state of psychological distress or depression, is often related to physiological problems, from physical discomfort in general up to illnesses such as cancer...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951978/daily-fantasy-football-and-self-reported-problem-behavior-in-the-united-states
#19
Brendan Dwyer, Stephen L Shapiro, Joris Drayer
Traditional, season-long fantasy sport participation has grown considerably since the late 1990s, and in an attempt to capitalize on this growing demand, daily fantasy sports (DFS) providers have created a new game where money changes hands instantly. This change has led some legal commentators and state agencies to believe the game is a form of Internet gambling similar to online poker, blackjack, and sports wagering, and thus, it requires increased regulation or even prohibition. Little is known, however, about the gambling behavior associated with DFS participation...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949869/better-to-know-than-to-imagine-including-children-in-their-health-care
#20
Tenzin Wangmo, Eva De Clercq, Katharina M Ruhe, Maja Beck-Popovic, Johannes Rischewski, Regula Angst, Marc Ansari, Bernice S Elger
BACKGROUND: This article describes the overall attitudes of children, their parents, and attending physicians toward including or excluding pediatric patients in medical communication and health care decision-making processes. METHODS: Fifty-two interviews were carried out with pediatric patients (n = 17), their parents (n = 19), and attending oncologists (n = 16) in eight Swiss pediatric oncology centers. The interviews were analyzed using thematic coding. RESULTS: Parenting styles, the child's personality, and maturity are factors that have a great impact upon the inclusion of children in their health care processes...
January 2017: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
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