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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213723/differences-in-orgasm-frequency-among-gay-lesbian-bisexual-and-heterosexual-men-and-women-in-a-u-s-national-sample
#1
David A Frederick, H Kate St John, Justin R Garcia, Elisabeth A Lloyd
There is a notable gap between heterosexual men and women in frequency of orgasm during sex. Little is known, however, about sexual orientation differences in orgasm frequency. We examined how over 30 different traits or behaviors were associated with frequency of orgasm when sexually intimate during the past month. We analyzed a large US sample of adults (N = 52,588) who identified as heterosexual men (n = 26,032), gay men (n = 452), bisexual men (n = 550), lesbian women (n = 340), bisexual women (n = 1112), and heterosexual women (n = 24,102)...
February 17, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206845/changes-in-affective-and-cognitive-empathy-among-veterinary-practitioners
#2
Regina M Schoenfeld-Tacher, Jane R Shaw, Beatrice Meyer-Parsons, Lori R Kogan
Clinical empathy is a multi-dimensional concept characterized by four dimensions: (1) affective-the ability to experience patients' or clients' emotions and perspectives, (2) moral-the internal motivation to empathize, (3) cognitive-the intellectual ability to identify and comprehend others' perspective and emotions, and (4) behavioral-the ability to convey understanding of those emotions and perspectives back to the patient or client. The Davis Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) was used to examine the affective and cognitive facets of empathy in veterinary practitioners...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192675/sentinels-of-breach
#3
Andrew J Hampton, Valerie L Shalin
Objective This paper identifies general properties of language style in social media to help identify areas of need in disasters. Background In the search for metrics of need in social media data, much of the existing literature ignores processes of language usage. Psychological concepts, such as narrative breach, Gricean maxims, and lexical marking in cognition, may assist the recovery of disaster-relevant metrics from altered patterns of word prevalence. Method We analyzed several hundred thousand location-specific microblogs from Twitter for Hurricane Sandy, Oklahoma tornadoes, and the Boston Marathon bombing along with a fantasy football control corpus, examining the relative frequency of words in 36 antonym pairs...
February 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187372/symptom-overreporting-and-dissociative-experiences-a-qualitative-review
#4
REVIEW
H Merckelbach, I Boskovic, D Pesy, M Dalsklev, S J Lynn
We discuss a phenomenon that has received little attention to date in research on dissociative phenomena, namely that self-reports of these phenomena overlap with the tendency to overendorse eccentric items. We review the literature documenting the dissociation-overreporting link and then briefly discuss various interpretations of this link: (1) overreporting is an artifact of measuring dissociative symptoms; (2) dissociative psychopathology engenders overreporting of eccentric symptoms through fantasy proneness or impairments in internal monitoring; (3) an overreporting response style as is evident in malingerers, for example, promotes reports of dissociative symptoms...
February 7, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162319/-514-do-happy-fantasies-facilitate-coping-with-acute-pain
#5
H Hekmat, P Staats, A Staats
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161082/genital-sensory-detection-thresholds-and-patient-satisfaction-with-vaginoplasty-in-male-to-female-transgender-women
#6
Marianne LeBreton, Frédérique Courtois, Nicolas Morel Journel, Dominic Beaulieu-Prévost, Marc Bélanger, Alain Ruffion, Jean-Étienne Terrier
INTRODUCTION: Gender-affirming surgery is common for the treatment of gender dysphoria, but its effect on genital sensitivity is not well known. AIMS: To investigate genital sensory detection thresholds in male-to-female transgender women postoperatively and their relation to psychological well-being and variables of satisfaction. METHODS: Prospective study on 28 transgender women at least 18 years old operated on at least 3 months before the study by a single surgeon (N...
February 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156648/is-empathy-associated-with-a-derived-sense-of-meaning-among-resident-physicians-working-with-patients-nearing-the-end-of-life-on-a-hematology-oncology-ward
#7
Jonathan Komisar
: 28 Background: An association between empathy and physician-in-training based meaning derived from patient deaths has not been explored previously. If meaning is associated with empathy, an intervention to enhance meaning may counteract empathy decline and promote clinician resilience. This study sought to understand if empathy might be associated with the ability to find meaning in the clinical situations that residents face in oncology. METHODS: Internal Medicine residents rotating on a Hematology/Oncology ward were asked "Do you derive a sense of meaning from working with dying patients? Yes or No...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142103/empathy-in-schizophrenia-a-meta-analysis-of-the-interpersonal-reactivity-index
#8
REVIEW
Kelsey A Bonfils, Paul H Lysaker, Kyle S Minor, Michelle P Salyers
Empathy is a complex construct, thought to contain multiple components. One popular measurement paradigm, the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI), has been used extensively to measure empathic tendencies in schizophrenia research across four domains: empathic concern, perspective-taking, personal distress, and fantasy. However, no recent meta-analysis has been conducted for all four factors of this scale. The goal of this meta-analysis was to examine self-reported empathic tendencies for each factor of the IRI in people with schizophrenia as compared to healthy controls...
March 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101927/comparing-positive-and-negative-reinforcement-a-fantasy-experiment
#9
REVIEW
John A Nevin, Charlotte Mandell
We propose quantitative experimental approaches to the question of whether positive and negative reinforcement are functionally different, and discuss scientific and ethical concerns that would arise if these approaches were pursued.
January 2017: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100118/assessing-sexual-interest-in-children-using-the-go-no-go-association-test
#10
Ross M Bartels, Anthony R Beech, Leigh Harkins, David Thornton
The present study investigated whether a latency-based Go/No-Go Association Task (GNAT) could be used as an indirect measure of sexual interest in children. A sample of 29 individuals with a history of exclusive extrafamilial offenses against a child and 15 individuals with either a history of exclusive intrafamilial or mixed offenses (i.e., against both adults and children) were recruited from a treatment center in the United States. Also, a sample of 26 nonoffenders was recruited from a university in the United Kingdom...
January 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079097/fantasy-politics-over-fetal-tissue-research
#11
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076965/predictors-of-burnout-and-health-status-in-samaritans-listening-volunteers
#12
Adeline Roche, Jane Ogden
Samaritan listening volunteers provide emotional support to people in distress or suicidal. Samaritans' has high volunteer turnover, which may be due to burnout. This study evaluated the role of demographic and psychosocial factors in predicting Samaritans listening volunteers' burnout and health status. Samaritans' listening volunteers (n = 216) from seven branches across UK completed an online survey to assess their levels of burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation, personal accomplishment), subjective health status, coping, empathy and social support...
January 11, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074313/characterizing-clinical-genetic-counselors-countertransference-experiences-an-exploratory-study
#13
Rebecca Reeder, Patricia McCarthy Veach, Ian M MacFarlane, Bonnie S LeRoy
Countertransference (CT) refers to conscious and unconscious emotions, fantasies, behaviors, perceptions, and psychological defenses genetic counselors experience in response to any aspect of genetic counseling situations (Weil 2010). Some authors theorize about the importance of recognizing and managing CT, but no studies solely aim to explore genetic counselors' experiences of the phenomenon. This study examined the extent to which clinical genetic counselors' perceive themselves as inclined to experience CT, gathered examples of CT encountered in clinical situations, and assessed their CT management strategies...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065611/-diet-and-lifestyle-rules-in-chronic-constipation-in-adults-from-fantasy-to-reality%C3%A2
#14
REVIEW
Nadia Fathallah, Dominique Bouchard, Vincent de Parades
Chronic constipation is one of the most common chronic gastrointestinal complaints and a frequent reason for consultation. Lifestyle modification and dietary advice attract a lot of patients, often dissatisfied with a long-term drug intake. These behavioral modifications are recommended as a first-line approach in the treatment of chronic mild constipation in the majority of current guidelines despite a low level of evidence. Fiber supplementation is probably the most relevant measure because of a satisfactory level of proof...
January 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041924/what-sexual-behaviors-relate-to-decreased-sexual-desire-in-women-a-review-and-proposal-for-end-points-in-treatment-trials-for-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder
#15
REVIEW
Robert Pyke, Anita Clayton
INTRODUCTION: Counts of satisfying sexual events (SSEs) per month have been criticized as an end point in treatment trials of women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) but grounding improvement in sexual desire by assessing changes in sexual behavior remains of some importance. METHODS: We conducted a literature review to find validated measurements that are specific sexual behavioral correlates of low sexual desire. We compared expert-proposed criteria for dysfunctional desire, expert-developed sets of scale items, and self-rated scales developed before issuance of, or in accordance with, the Food and Drug Administration's guidance on developing patient-reported outcomes...
December 29, 2016: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024267/sexual-homicide-brief-review-of-the-literature-and-case-report-involving-rape-genital-mutilation-and-human-arson
#16
REVIEW
Maria-Valeria Karakasi, Epameinondas Vasilikos, Polichronis Voultsos, Aikaterini Vlachaki, Pavlos Pavlidis
The objective of the current paper is to report a new case of sexual murder involving human arson and summarize the literature on the phenomenon of sexual homicide. The present case study is unprecedented in Greece and a rarity in international literature due to the fact that the victim suffered genital mutilation and incineration while still alive. The evaluation consisted of 176 articles; 53 were reviewed by the authors. The results revealed sparse, but significant, research findings. The authors discuss the limitations regarding research, incidence of the phenomenon, crime-scene patterns, offender characteristics (killing methods, motive inferences, sociodemographic data, classifications, psychopathology, modus operandi), and victim selection...
February 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998513/sexual-orientation-and-medical-history-among-iranian-people-with-complete-androgen-insensitivity-syndrome-and-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#17
Behzad S Khorashad, Ghasem M Roshan, Alistair G Reid, Zahra Aghili, Mehran Hiradfar, Mozhgan Afkhamizadeh, Ali Talaei, Azadeh Aarabi, Nosrat Ghaemi, Negin Taghehchian, Hedieh Saberi, Nazanin Farahi, Mohammad Reza Abbaszadegan
OBJECTIVE: To report sexual orientation, relationship status and medical history of Iranian people with Differences of Sex Development (DSD) who were raised female. METHODS: Our participants consisted of nineteen 46,XY individuals with Complete Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (CAIS) and eighteen 46,XX individuals with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) who were raised as females and older than 13years. As well as their relationship status and detailed medical history, an expert psychiatrist assessed their sexual orientation by a semi-structured psychiatric interview with them and, where applicable, their parents...
January 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994559/impaired-attentional-control-in-pedophiles-in-a-sexual-distractor-task
#18
Kirsten Jordan, Peter Fromberger, Jakob von Herder, Henrike Steinkrauss, Rebekka Nemetschek, Joachim Witzel, Jürgen L Müller
Pedophilic disorder, a subtype of paraphilia, is defined as a recurrent sexual interest in prepubescent children, which is characterized by persistent thoughts, fantasies, urges, sexual arousal, or behavior. Besides a deviant sexual preference, sexual preoccupation was found to be a dynamic risk factor for reoffending. Thus, it is conceivable that sex offenders and especially sex offenders against children have difficulties to control their responses to sexual stimuli. In the current study pedophiles, forensic and non-forensic control subjects had to solve a cognitive task, while sexual distractors were presented simultaneously...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980527/the-prevalence-of-sexual-activity-and-sexual-dysfunction-and-behaviours-in-postmenopausal-woman-in-poland
#19
Kamila B Czajkowska, Zbigniew Lew-Starowicz, Monika Szymańska
INTRODUCTION: Despite the aging of the population, there is limited data available about sexual life and behaviours among of postmenopausal and late postmenopausal women. Aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of sexual dysfunction, behaviours, and preferences in the Polish population in 2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This observational survey study involved 538 women, of whom 220 were over 50 years old. The main focus was on the differences and changes between older age groups, mainly 50-59 years and over 60 years...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933444/clinical-faceoff-physician-burnout-fact-fantasy-or-the-fourth-component-of-the-triple-aim
#20
Thomas K Wuest, Michael J Goldberg, John D Kelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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