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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078821/collateral-fattening-when-a-deficit-in-lean-body-mass-drives-overeating
#1
EDITORIAL
Abdul G Dulloo
In his last review entitled "Some Adventures in Body Composition," Gilbert Forbes reminded us that "lean body mass and body fat are in a sense companions." To what extent the lean body mass (or fat-free mass) component in this companionship impacts on energy intake is rarely a topic for discussion, amid a dominant adipocentric view of appetite control. Yet an analysis of the few human studies that have investigated the relationships between objectively measured food intake and body composition reveals a potentially important role for both an increase and a decrease in fat-free mass in the drive to eat...
January 11, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051877/improving-children-s-mental-health-with-a-digital-social-skills-development-game-a-randomized-controlled-efficacy-trial-of-adventures-aboard-the-s-s-grin
#2
Rebecca Sanchez, Emily Brown, Kelly Kocher, Melissa DeRosier
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a computer-based game to improve social skills and mental health in children with social skills deficits would be efficacious. The program, Adventures aboard the S.S. GRIN, translates a proven in-person intervention into a nine-episode interactive online adventure game that provides opportunity for knowledge acquisition and skill practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants (children aged 7-11 years with social skills challenges) were randomly assigned to immediate treatment group (n = 33) or waitlist control group (n = 36)...
January 4, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030518/jetpack-fun-that-went-wrong-a-case-of-serious-multivisceral-injuries-from-water-sports
#3
Sharad Arvindrao Mohite
The Water Jet pack is a relatively new and very exciting sporting activity for adventure seekers. However, there are some concerns raised in terms of safety, and some sporadic reports have appeared in newspapers about the injuries sustained from this sport. We are presenting an unfortunate case where a teenaged girl fell from a jet pack and sustained serious injuries including the loss of her kidney. This is the first reported serious injury from the Jet pack (Carbon Sports GmbH, Itzehoe, Germany).
December 28, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001446/evidence-based-treatments-for-youths-who-engage-in-illegal-sexual-behaviors
#4
Alex R Dopp, Charles M Borduin, Daniel B Rothman, Elizabeth J Letourneau
Effective treatments for youths who have engaged in illegal sexual behaviors are needed to reduce the societal impact of sexual crimes. This article reviews the state of the evidence base for treatments that target this clinical population. We conducted a comprehensive literature review to identify studies that evaluated outcomes of treatments for youths who have engaged in illegal sexual behaviors. Based on the results of our review, we characterized each treatment using established criteria for five evidence-based treatment classifications...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998174/response-to-nature-fix-addiction-to-outdoor-activities-r-c-buckley-s-commentary-on-heirene-r-m-shearer-d-roderique-davies-g-mellalieu-s-d-2016-addiction-in-extreme-sports-an-exploration-of-withdrawal-states-in-rock-climbers-journal-of-behavioral-addictions
#5
Robert M Heirene, David Shearer, Stephen D Mellalieu, Gareth Roderique-Davies
Buckley's commentary on our study of rock climber's withdrawal experiences raises a number of important questions surrounding the concept of extreme or adventure sports addiction. Drawing on the few available investigations of this topic, we respond to Buckley's questions here, though emphasize the need for further studies of extreme sports addiction in order to provide more empirically informed answers.
December 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998172/commentary-on-addiction-in-extreme-sports-an-exploration-of-withdrawal-states-in-rock-climbers
#6
Ralf C Buckley
Individuals can display characteristics of behavioral addictions to nature and the outdoors as well as adventure activities. Research on mental health effects of nature exposure is relevant to research on nature and adventure addictions.
December 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911014/the-effectiveness-of-an-outdoor-adventure-programme-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-controlled-study
#7
Ditza A Zachor, Shira Vardi, Shani Baron-Eitan, Inbal Brodai-Meir, Noa Ginossar, Esther Ben-Itzchak
AIM: Outdoor adventure programmes aim to improve interpersonal relationships using adventurous activities. The current study examined the effectiveness of an outdoor adventure programme in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). METHOD: The study included 51 participants (40 males, 11 females; age 3y 4mo-7y 4mo) enrolled in ASD special education kindergartens. Only the intervention group (n=30) participated in the outdoor adventure programme for 13 weeks, completing challenging physical activities that required cooperation and communication with peers and instructors...
December 2, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905022/neurophysiology-of-space-travel-energetic-solar-particles-cause-cell-type-specific-plasticity-of-neurotransmission
#8
Sang-Hun Lee, Barna Dudok, Vipan K Parihar, Kwang-Mook Jung, Miklós Zöldi, Young-Jin Kang, Mattia Maroso, Allyson L Alexander, Gregory A Nelson, Daniele Piomelli, István Katona, Charles L Limoli, Ivan Soltesz
In the not too distant future, humankind will embark on one of its greatest adventures, the travel to distant planets. However, deep space travel is associated with an inevitable exposure to radiation fields. Space-relevant doses of protons elicit persistent disruptions in cognition and neuronal structure. However, whether space-relevant irradiation alters neurotransmission is unknown. Within the hippocampus, a brain region crucial for cognition, perisomatic inhibitory control of pyramidal cells (PCs) is supplied by two distinct cell types, the cannabinoid type 1 receptor (CB1)-expressing basket cells (CB1BCs) and parvalbumin (PV)-expressing interneurons (PVINs)...
November 30, 2016: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892424/the-invention-of-nature-the-adventures-of-alexander-von-humboldt-the-lost-hero-of-science-uk-the-invention-of-nature-alexander-von-humboldt-s-new-world-usa-by-andrea-wulf
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852972/-psychological-effects-of-children-to-their-parents
#10
Ferenc Süle
The demographic problems do it necessary to scrutinize the deep psychological components of its. The humanity regenerates continuously as a spring in the children's family life. We examine the positive psychological effects of the children to their parents. 1.The child means a positive spontaneously induce fo love. 2 Our birth is the most ancestral experience of our personal life. It means a development for parent's personality. 3. The adventure of construct together is energy generator. 4. The child gives feedback for the unconscious of the parents...
2016: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849482/clinical-report-schistosomiasis-exposure-in-u-s-service-personnel-during-whitewater-rafting-on-the-nile-river-in-jinja-uganda
#11
Samuel Maluil, Rom A Stevens
Schistosomiasis is a known risk after exposure to freshwater in tropical parts of the world. In March 2014, 28 off-duty U.S. service members went on a water adventure in the Nile River in Jinja, Uganda. In April 2014, 10 of the 28 service members returned for a second water adventure. Twelve weeks after freshwater exposure, schistosomiasis enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay testing was performed. Twenty-five percent had elevated Schistosomiasis mansoni immunoglobulin G (7 positive of 28 exposed); all had negative pre-exposure serology...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832248/binocular-ipad-game-vs-patching-for-treatment-of-amblyopia-in-children-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Krista R Kelly, Reed M Jost, Lori Dao, Cynthia L Beauchamp, Joel N Leffler, Eileen E Birch
Importance: Fellow eye patching has long been the standard treatment for amblyopia, but it does not always restore 20/20 vision or teach the eyes to work together. Amblyopia can be treated with binocular games that rebalance contrast between the eyes so that a child may overcome suppression. However, it is unclear whether binocular treatment is comparable to patching in treating amblyopia. Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of a binocular iPad (Apple Inc) adventure game as amblyopia treatment and compare this binocular treatment with patching, the current standard of care...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793598/the-life-and-adventures-of-an-eight-legged-castaway-colonization-and-diversification-of-philisca-ghost-spiders-on-robinson-crusoe-island-araneae-anyphaenidae
#13
Eduardo M Soto, Facundo M Labarque, F Sara Ceccarelli, Miquel A Arnedo, Jaime Pizarro-Araya, Martín J Ramírez
Oceanic archipelagoes, by their young origin and isolation, provide privileged settings to study the origin and diversification of species. Here, we study the anyphaenid spider genus Philisca, endemic to the Valdivian temperate rainforest, which includes species living both on the mainland as well as on the Robison Crusoe Island in the Juan Fernández archipelago. Anyphaenids, as many spiders, are potentially good colonizers due their ability for ballooning, an airborne dispersal mediated by strands of silk that are caught in the wind...
October 25, 2016: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779912/stronger-together-use-of-storytelling-at-a-dietetics-conference-to-promote-professional-collaboration
#14
Ann Fox, Doris Gillis, Barb Anderson, Daphne Lordly
During a Dietitians of Canada conference session (2015), 4 facilitators drew upon "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" (Alice) to engage participants in discussing the future of dietetic education. The aim was to feature Nova Scotia (NS) collaborative experiences as an example of dietetic education planning that could be implemented elsewhere. Three vignettes from the Alice story were chosen as metaphoric representations of dilemmas and assumptions commonly faced by dietetic educators. Story quotations and facilitator questions related to each vignette-guided discussion...
25, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777158/cyclic-sciatica-and-back-pain-responds-to-treatment-of-underlying-endometriosis-case-illustration
#15
Jaya Uppal, Stanislaw Sobotka, Arthur L Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Multiple causes outside the spine can mimic spinal back pain. Endometriosis is an important gynecological disorder, which commonly affects the lower region of the female pelvis and less frequently the spine and soft tissues. The lumbosacral trunk is vulnerable to pressure from any abdominal mass originating from the uterus and the ovaries. Therefore symptoms of endometriosis include severe reoccurring pain in the pelvic area as well as lower back and abdominal pain. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report on a 39 year old gymnast with cyclic sciatica and back pain, whose initial presentation initially led to a spinal fusion at L4/5 and L5/S1, but that procedure did not change her symptoms...
October 21, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770784/effects-of-two-neuromuscular-training-programs-on-running-biomechanics-with-load-carriage-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Bernard X W Liew, Susan Morris, Justin W L Keogh, Brendyn Appleby, Kevin Netto
BACKGROUND: In recent years, athletes have ventured into ultra-endurance and adventure racing events, which tests their ability to race, navigate, and survive. These events often require race participants to carry some form of load, to bear equipment for navigation and survival purposes. Previous studies have reported specific alterations in biomechanics when running with load which potentially influence running performance and injury risk. We hypothesize that a biomechanically informed neuromuscular training program would optimize running mechanics during load carriage to a greater extent than a generic strength training program...
October 22, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769718/choose-your-own-adventure-the-role-of-histone-modifications-in-yeast-cell-fate
#17
REVIEW
Deepika Jaiswal, Rashi Turniansky, Erin M Green
When yeast cells are challenged by a fluctuating environment, signaling networks activate differentiation programs that promote their individual or collective survival. These programs include the initiation of meiotic sporulation, the formation of filamentous growth structures, and the activation of programmed cell death pathways. The establishment and maintenance of these distinct cell fates are driven by massive gene expression programs that promote the necessary changes in morphology and physiology. While these genomic reprogramming events depend on a specialized network of transcription factors, a diverse set of chromatin regulators, including histone-modifying enzymes, chromatin remodelers, and histone variants, also play essential roles...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760506/fifty-shades-ambivalence-about-birth-control-in-an-erotic-bestseller-and-its-cultural-implications
#18
Waltraud Maierhofer, Emanuella Israel
The Fifty Shades trilogy by E.L. James has taken the world by storm and become a cultural phenomenon. The lack of contraceptive use in the erotic fiction, first pointed out by bloggers, is analysed in this article and compared to medical information. James may be praised for sexualising condom use. However, her protagonist makes poor choices in terms of hormonal contraception and is negligent about its use, resulting in an unintended pregnancy and resolved in marital bliss and motherhood. What is of more interest here than a possible message about contraceptive use, is the outcome that the fiction's negligence in birth control and responsibility affirms an ideology in which female sexuality and sexual experimentation can only be tolerated within the context of procreation and affirmation of motherhood...
October 20, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695170/wedgie-associated-radiculitis-in-a-quinquagenarian
#19
Courtney E Sutherland, Toban Dvoretzky, Nicholas J Solomos
Wedgies-the upward yanking of another's underpants from the rear to wedge them between the buttocks-can be administered playfully, maliciously, or adventurously; at forces ranging from gentle to "atomic"; and with or without the foreknowledge or consent of the recipient. Wedgies have been documented anecdotally in the popular Internet literature, with chief emphasis on their sensation-seeking or momentary entertainment value to the giver and recipient. Most participants are typically young; however, we report the case of a 50-year-old man who sustained chronic, painless radiculitis after he received an unanticipated wedgie of moderate force...
October 2016: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687284/ten-minute-chat
#20
Jess French
During her first degree, Jess French founded a programme in which university students taught primary school children about environmental issues. She recently qualified as a vet and, when not studying, teaching, writing or looking for bugs, she enjoys adventure sports and travel, learning new languages and playing the saxophone and drums. She is also a presenter on CBeebies.
October 1, 2016: Veterinary Record
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