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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644792/what-moral-distress-in-nursing-history-could-suggest-about-the-future-of-health-care
#1
Andrew Jameton
The concept of moral distress was defined in 1984 as (a) the psychological distress of (b) being in a situation in which one is constrained from acting (c) on what one knows to be right. A substantial literature on the subject has developed, primarily in nursing ethics. The aforementioned elements of distress are applied here to areas of clinical and organizational significance: (a) distress from causing intimate pain during care of the dying, (b) constraints stemming from proximate and background challenges of health care organizations, and (c) changing perspectives on therapeutic technologies derived from global environmental perspectives...
June 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622819/systematic-and-organizational-issues-implicated-in-post-hospitalization-suicides-of-medically-hospitalized-patients-a-study-of-root-cause-analysis-reports
#2
Natalie Riblet, Brian Shiner, Peter Mills, Brett Rusch, Robin Hemphill, Bradley V Watts
OBJECTIVE: Medical hospitalization is a high risk period for suicide. It is important to understand system-level factors that may be associated with suicide after a medical hospitalization. METHOD: Retrospective study of root-cause analysis (RCA) reports of suicide occurring within three months of Veterans Administration (VA) medical hospitalization, 2002-2015. We collected patient and system-level factors to characterize events. RESULTS: There were 96 RCA reports pertaining to suicide within three months of medical hospitalization...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617373/-a-psychological-content-of-social-phobia-syndrome
#3
O A Sagalakova, D V Truevtsev, I Ya Stoyanova
AIM: To perform a psychological analysis of social phobia syndrome. The subject area of research is the structure of mental activity and behavior in social activity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 32 patients with symptoms of social phobia (ICD-10 F40.1) and 29 healthy people (controls). A complex of psychological methods (questionnaires; pathopsychological experiment) was used. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Early maladaptive schemes and a tendency to mental rigidity can be a premorbid basis of the syndrome...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573927/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-moral-distress-risk-scale-a-methodological-study
#4
Rafaela Schaefer, Elma Lcp Zoboli, Margarida M Vieira
BACKGROUND: Moral distress is a kind of suffering that nurses may experience when they act in ways that are considered inconsistent with moral values, leading to a perceived compromise of moral integrity. Consequences are mostly negative and include physical and psychological symptoms, in addition to organizational implications. OBJECTIVE: To psychometrically test the Moral Distress Risk Scale. RESEARCH DESIGN: A methodological study was realized...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559865/effects-of-music-on-agitation-in-dementia-a-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Siv K A Pedersen, Per N Andersen, Ricardo G Lugo, Marita Andreassen, Stefan Sütterlin
Agitation is a common problem in patients suffering from dementia and encompasses a variety of behaviors such as repetitive acts, restlessness, wandering, and aggressive behaviors. Agitation reduces the probability of positive social interaction and increases the psychological and organizational burden. While medical interventions are common, there is need for complementary or alternative methods. Music intervention has been brought forward as a promising method to reduce agitation in dementia. While interventions, target groups and research designs differ, there has so far not been a systematic overview assessing the effect of music intervention for agitation in patients with dementia...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557949/surgical-trainee-feedback-seeking-behavior-in-the-context-of-workplace-based-assessment-in-clinical-settings
#6
Anne Gaunt, Abhilasha Patel, Simon Fallis, Victoria Rusius, Seni Mylvaganam, T James Royle, Max Almond, Deborah H Markham, Teresa R B Pawlikowska
PURPOSE: To investigate surgical trainee feedback-seeking behaviors-directly asking for feedback (inquiry) and observing and responding to situational clues (monitoring)-in the context of workplace-based assessment (WBA). METHOD: A hypothetical model of trainee feedback-seeking behavior was developed using existing literature. A questionnaire, incorporating previously validated instruments from organizational psychology, was distributed to general surgical trainees at 23 U...
June 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537945/making-sense-of-effective-partnerships-among-senior-leaders-in-the-national-health-service
#7
Mahima Mitra, Timothy Hoff, Paul Brankin, Sue Dopson
BACKGROUND: Changing health care systems depend on strong organizational leadership that realizes the collaborative potential of both physician and nonphysician leaders. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to seek insight into the everyday health care leader experience by examining 24 physician and nonphysician leaders working in the U.K. National Health Service. We explored (a) how they make sense of and act with respect to specific collaborative tensions in their interactions and (b) which aspects of their everyday leadership contexts heighten the probability for producing and resolving such tensions...
May 22, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536550/the-relationship-between-authoritarian-leadership-and-employees-deviant-workplace-behaviors-the-mediating-effects-of-psychological-contract-violation-and-organizational-cynicism
#8
Hongyan Jiang, Yang Chen, Peizhen Sun, Jun Yang
This study investigated the relationship between authoritarian leadership and employees' deviant workplace behaviors (DWB), as well as the mediating effects of psychological contract violation and organizational cynicism. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 391 manufacturing workers in a northern city of China. Structural equation modeling was performed to test the theory-driven models. The results showed that the relationship between authoritarian leadership and employees' DWB was mediated by organizational cynicism...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530418/is-political-behavior-a-viable-coping-strategy-to-perceived-organizational-politics-unveiling-the-underlying-resource-dynamics
#9
Shuhua Sun, Huaizhong Chen
We conduct a theory-driven empirical investigation on whether political behavior, as a coping strategy to perceived organizational politics, creates resource trade-offs in moderating the relationship between perceived organizational politics and task performance. Drawing on conservation of resources theory, we hypothesize that political behavior mitigates the adverse effect of perceived organizational politics on task performance via psychological empowerment, yet exacerbates its adverse effect on task performance via emotional exhaustion...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527553/comparison-of-nurses-in-two-different-cultures-who-experiences-more-burnout
#10
Zeynep Karaman Özlü, Ayşegül Çay Yayla, Kenan Gümüş, Elisha Khaghanyrad
PURPOSE: Although burnout occurs in almost all occupational groups, it is mostly observed in professions requiring face-to-face relationships with people, especially among health care workers who deal constantly with problems and expectations of people. DESIGN: The objective of this study was to determine the burnout levels of nurses working in surgical clinics in two countries. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted between June and September 2013...
June 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505699/-psychological-stress-in-hospital-nursing-staff-effects-of-status-and-organizational-structures
#11
Stefan Bär, Sebastian Starystach
Objective The study investigates the impact of organizational structures in hospitals on nursing staff's psychological stress. The stress level that is caused by the specific working conditions of a major hospital is presented in a cross-sectional analysis differentiated by organizational categories with regard to effects of structure and status. Methods Data were collected via Impuls-Test and by a context-specific supplementary questionnaire among the registered nursing staff of a major maximum care hospital...
May 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505056/relationship-between-psychological-safety-and-reporting-nonadherence-to-a-safety-checklist
#12
Heather M Gilmartin, Paula Langner, Madhura Gokhale, Katerine Osatuke, Rachael Hasselbeck, Thomas M Maddox, Catherine Battaglia
Patient safety checklists are ubiquitous in health care. Nurses bear significant responsibility for ensuring checklist adherence. To report nonadherence to a checklist and stop an unsafe procedure, a workplace climate of psychological safety is needed. Thus, an analysis of organizational data was conducted to examine the relationship between psychological safety and reports of nonadherence to the central line bundle checklist. Results showed varied perceptions of psychological safety but no relationship with nonadherence...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492587/-intentional-roundings-in-general-medical-practice-the-experience-of-the-azienda-ospedali-riuniti-marche-nord-italy
#13
Serena Frassini, Donatella Giovannini, Mariarosaria Gargiulo, Amina Warid, Sonia Tonucci, Maria Capalbo
INTRODUCTION: The "intentional roundings" are planned rounds, conducted at regular intervals by nursing staff to anticipate care, comfort, hospitality and psychological needs of hospitalized users. These purposes are achieved with a structured way to make observations and carry out activities for well-being and patient safety, documenting what was done with a structured ad hoc form. In the United Kingdom, as well as in the USA, intentional rounding is an established model of care that improve the safety of provided care, to reduce the occurrence of preventable events, address proactively basic caring needs, and that increase users and staff satisfaction...
April 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486851/structure-to-utilize-interventionists-implementation-experiences-of-a-family-based-behavioral-weight-management-program-to-enhance-the-dissemination-of-the-standardized-intervention-the-today-study
#14
Jennifer Q Chadwick, Dorothy J Van Buren, Elisa Morales, Alexandra Timpson, Ericka L Abrams, Amy Syme, Jeff Preske, Gerardo Mireles, Barbara Anderson, Nisha Grover, Lori Laffel
Background For a 2- to 6-year period, interventionists for the TODAY (Treatment Options for type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth) randomized clinical trial delivered a family-based, behavioral weight-loss program (the TODAY Lifestyle Program) to 234 youth with type 2 diabetes. Interventionists held at least a bachelor's degree in psychology, social work, education, or health-related field and had experience working with children and families, especially from diverse ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458333/emphasizing-humanities-in-medical-education-promoting-the-integration-of-medical-scientific-spirit-and-medical-humanistic-spirit
#15
Peipei Song, Wei Tang
In the era of the biological-psychological-social medicine model, an ideal of modern medicine is to enhance the humanities in medical education, to foster medical talents with humanistic spirit, and to promote the integration of scientific spirit and humanistic spirit in medicine. Throughout the United States (US), United Kingdom (UK), other Western countries, and some Asian countries like Japan, many medical universities have already integrated the learning of medical humanities in their curricula and recognized their value...
April 29, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454862/impact-of-individual-resilience-and-safety-climate-on-safety-performance-and-psychological-stress-of-construction-workers-a-case-study-of-the-ontario-construction-industry
#16
Yuting Chen, Brenda McCabe, Douglas Hyatt
INTRODUCTION: The construction industry has hit a plateau in terms of safety performance. Safety climate is regarded as a leading indicator of safety performance; however, relatively little safety climate research has been done in the Canadian construction industry. Safety climate may be geographically sensitive, thus it is necessary to examine how the construct of safety climate is defined and used to improve safety performance in different regions. On the other hand, more and more attention has been paid to job related stress in the construction industry...
June 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450837/the-higher-ed-organizational-scholar-tension-how-scholarship-compatibility-and-the-alignment-of-organizational-and-faculty-skills-values-and-support-affects-scholar-s-performance-and-well-being
#17
Milagros Pereyra-Rojas, Enrique Mu, James Gaskin, Tony Lingham
Scholars and institutions alike are concerned with academic productivity. Scholars not only further knowledge in their professional fields, they also bring visibility and prestige to themselves and their institutions, which in turn attracts research grants and more qualified faculty and graduate students. Many studies have been done on scholar productivity, and many of them focus on individual factors such as gender, marital status, and individual psychological characteristics. Also, a few studies are concerned about scholars' well-being...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447922/are-you-being-served-the-relationship-between-school-climate-for-service-and-teachers-engagement-satisfaction-and-intention-to-leave-a-moderated-mediation-model
#18
Liat Eldor, Anat Shoshani
The notion of service has been receiving increasing attention in organizational psychology literature in recent years, due to the client-oriented managerial movement. Yet, little to no attention has been paid to the service notion in educational psychology despite its high relevance to educational settings, given the pressure to be more service-oriented and possess a client-focused state of mind. The present study explores the notion of service in school domains by examining the joint effects of climate for service and the internal service in schools on teachers' work attitudes: work engagement, job satisfaction, and intention to leave their work...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447836/the-goldilocks-contract-the-synergistic-benefits-of-combining-structure-and-autonomy-for-persistence-creativity-and-cooperation
#19
Eileen Y Chou, Nir Halevy, Adam D Galinsky, J Keith Murnighan
Contracts are commonly used to regulate a wide range of interactions and relationships. Yet relying on contracts as a mechanism of control often comes at a cost to motivation. Integrating theoretical perspectives from psychology, economics, and organizational theory, we explore this control-motivation dilemma inherent in contracts and present the Contract-Autonomy-Motivation-Performance-Structure (CAMPS) model, which highlights the synergistic benefits of combining structure and autonomy. The model proposes that subtle reductions in the specificity of a contract's language can boost autonomy, which increases intrinsic motivation and improves a range of desirable behaviors...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439247/when-corporate-social-responsibility-csr-meets-organizational-psychology-new-frontiers-in-micro-csr-research-and-fulfilling-a-quid-pro-quo-through-multilevel-insights
#20
David A Jones, Chelsea R Willness, Ante Glavas
Researchers, corporate leaders, and other stakeholders have shown increasing interest in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)-a company's discretionary actions and policies that appear to advance societal well-being beyond its immediate financial interests and legal requirements. Spanning decades of research activity, the scholarly literature on CSR has been dominated by meso- and macro-level perspectives, such as studies within corporate strategy that examine relationships between firm-level indicators of social/environmental performance and corporate financial performance...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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