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organizational psychology

Brandon L Velez, Robert Cox, Charles J Polihronakis, Bonnie Moradi
With a sample of employed women of color (N = 276), we tested the associations of sexist and racist discrimination with poor work outcomes (job-related burnout and turnover intentions) and mental health outcomes (i.e., psychological distress). Drawing from the Theory of Work Adjustment, Organizational Support Theory, and scholarship on discrimination, we tested perceived person-organization (P-O) fit, perceived organizational support, and self-esteem as mediators of the associations of workplace discrimination with the outcomes...
March 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Jahan Heidari, J├╝rgen Beckmann, Maurizio Bertollo, Michel Brink, Wolfgang Kallus, Claudio Robazza, Michael Kellmann
Monitoring of recovery in the context of athletic performance has gained significant importance during recent years. As a systematic process of data collection and evaluation, the monitoring of recovery can be implemented for various purposes. It may aid to prevent negative outcomes of training or competition, such as underrecovery, overtraining, or injuries. Further, it aims at establishing routines and strategies necessary to guarantee athletes' readiness for performance by restoring their depleted resources...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Wendy Kersemaekers, Silke Rupprecht, Marc Wittmann, Chris Tamdjidi, Pia Falke, Rogier Donders, Anne Speckens, Niko Kohls
Background: Mindfulness trainings are increasingly offered in workplace environments in order to improve health and productivity. Whilst promising, there is limited research on the effectiveness of mindfulness interventions in workplace settings. Objective: To examine the feasibility and effectiveness of a Workplace Mindfulness Training (WMT) in terms of burnout, psychological well-being, organizational and team climate, and performance. Methods: This is a preliminary field study in four companies. Self-report questionnaires were administered up to a month before, at start of, and right at the end of the WMT, resulting in a pre-intervention and an intervention period...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Maria Lindqvist, Margareta Persson, Margareta Nilsson, Eva Uustal, Inger Lindberg
OBJECTIVE: this study explores women's experiences of the first two months after obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASIS) during childbirth with a focus on problematic recovery. METHODS: this qualitative study used inductive qualitative content analysis to investigate open-ended responses from 1248 women. The data consists of short and comprehensive written responses to open-ended questions focusing on recovery in the national quality register, the Perineal Laceration Register, two months after OASIS at childbirth...
February 20, 2018: Midwifery
David J Prottas, Mary Rogers Nummelin
Douglas McGregor's conceptualization of Theory X and Theory Y has influenced management practices for almost six decades, despite the relative paucity of empirical support. This empirical study examined the relationships between health care employees' perceptions of (1) manager Theory Y and Theory X orientations; (2) work unit psychological safety, organizational citizenship behavior, and service quality; and (3) the employing entity. The study used survey data from more than 3500 employees of a large US health care system and analyzed them using confirmatory factor and hierarchical regression analyses...
March 9, 2018: Health Care Manager
Lixin Jiang, Tahira M Probst, Wendi Benson, Jesse Byrd
Recent years have witnessed a staggeringly high number of workplace aggressive behaviors as well as employee accidents and injuries. Exposure to workplace aggression is associated with a host of negative psychological, emotional, and physiological outcomes, yet research relating workplace aggression to employee safety outcomes is lacking. This study aims to examine the association between exposure to workplace physical and verbal aggression with workplace injuries and underreporting of accidents and near misses...
March 5, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Marianna Virtanen, Marko Elovainio
Modern work life is characterized by constant change, reorganizations, and requirements of efficiency, which make the distribution of resources and obligations, as well as justice in decisionmaking, highly important. In the work life context, it is a question not only of distributing resources and obligations, but also of the procedures and rules that guide the decisionmaking in the organization. Studies of these rules and procedures have provided the basis for a new line of research that evaluates leadership and social relationships in working communities; that is, distributive, procedural, and relational justice...
April 2018: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
Mansour Ziaei, Alireza Choobineh, Mohammad Abdoli-Eramaki, Haleh Ghaem
In Iran-Shiraz, municipal solid waste is collected manually requiring strenuous physical activities. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence rate of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and its associated risk factors. Two hundred male waste collectors participated in this cross-sectional study, in which task analysis followed by motion and timeline analysis were performed. The data were collected using demographic, occupation-specific physical and organizational demands, and Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaires...
March 3, 2018: Industrial Health
Harry Becher, Maureen F Dollard, Peter Smith, Jian Li
Circulatory diseases (CDs) (including myocardial infarction, angina, stroke or hypertension) are among the leading causes of death in the world. In this paper, we explore for the first time the impact of a specific aspect of organizational climate, Psychosocial Safety Climate (PSC), on CDs. We used two waves of interview data from Australia, with an average lag of 5 years (excluding baseline CDs, final n = 1223). Logistic regression was conducted to estimate the prospective associations between PSC at baseline on incident CDs at follow-up...
February 27, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Gianmarco Latte, Livia Avvisati, Sara Calandro, Carmela Di Filippo, Monica Di Genio, Giovanna Di Iorio, Valentina Gilardi, Sara Giordano, Antonio Maria Pagano
AIMS: Managing health care for people suffering from mental illness is undergoing deep changes in recent years in Italy. The purpose of this study is to describe the progressive process of overcoming the Forensic Hospitals in Italy (OPGs) and to identify the necessary care and rehabilitation pathways in this process, in the experience of the territorial health service in Salerno, Italy. METHODS: An analysis of the recent laws related to the ongoing process and an analysis of epidemiological and structural data referring to the time interval between 2010 and 2017 concerning the OPGs/Residential Services for the Execution of Security Measures (RSESM)/Mental Health System in Campania, Italy and in the territory of Salerno in particular...
January 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
Cheryl Cusack, Benita Cohen, Javier Mignone, Mariette J Chartier, Zana Lutfiyya
AIM: This article explores and describes participatory action research as a preferred method in addressing nursing practice issues. This is the first study that used participatory action research with public health nurses in Canada to develop a professional practice model. BACKGROUND: Participatory action research is a sub-category of action research that incorporates feminist and critical theory with foundations in the field of social psychology. For nurses, critical analysis of long-established beliefs and practices through participatory action research contributes to emancipatory knowledge regarding the impact of traditional hierarchies on their practice...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Samantha K Jones, Yannick Griep
Employees often draw meaning from personal experiences and contributions in their work, particularly when engaging in organizational activities that align with their personal identity or values. However, recent empirical findings have demonstrated how meaningful work can also have a negative effect on employee's well-being as employees feel so invested in their work, they push themselves beyond their limits resulting in strain and susceptibility to burnout. We develop a framework to understand this "double edged" role of meaningful work by drawing from ideological psychological contracts (iPCs), which are characterized by employees and their employer who are working to contribute to a shared ideology or set of values...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Raymond A B van der Wal, Jacqueline Wallage, Martin J L Bucx
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is a growing awareness of the problem of occupational stress and burnout among anesthesiologists. Occupational stress was found to be related to burnout, a process that is supposed to be moderated by personality. This article will discuss the topic of stress and burnout in relationship to anesthesiologists' personality based on recent literature. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies among anesthesiologists are in concordance with the broader body of literature on this topic...
February 22, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Marwan Abouljoud, Michael Ryan, Anne Eshelman, Kelly Bryce, Michelle T Jesse
Integration of health psychologists into specialty care is a shift in the tertiary care construct that addresses all aspects of a patient's presentation, including psychiatric/social history, psychological well-being, and behavioral contributions to the disease process, assuring both optimal health outcomes and cost-effectiveness in a financially challenging healthcare environment. In this paper, we discuss leadership perspectives (physician and psychologists) on the factors involved in integrating a health psychologist into a busy tertiary care environment...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Liza Bonin
Quality Improvement (QI) is a health care interprofessional team activity wherein psychology as a field and individual psychologists in health care settings can and should adopt a more robust presence. The current article makes the argument for why psychology's participation in QI is good for health care, is good for our profession, and is the right thing to do for the patients and families we serve. It reviews the varied ways individual psychologists and our profession can integrate quality processes and improve health care through: (1) our approach to our daily work; (2) our roles on health care teams and involvement in organizational initiatives; (3) opportunities for teaching and scholarship; and (4) system redesign and advocacy within our health care organizations and health care environment...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Morten B Nielsen, Jan O Christensen, Live B Finne, Stein Knardahl
While previous research has mainly considered leadership as an antecedent to psychological distress and role stressors (i.e., role ambiguity and role conflict) among subordinates, a reverse relationship where these variables influence reports of leadership is also possible. To determine the directionality of the associations this two-wave prospective study assesses bidirectional relationships between fair leadership and role stressors and examines whether psychological distress mediates the reciprocal associations between fair leadership and the role stressors...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Seonyoung Yun, Jiyeon Kang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to build and test a model outlining the factors related to workplace bullying among nurses. The hypothesized model included authentic leadership and a relationship-oriented organizational culture as influencing factors, symptom experience and turnover intention as consequences, and positive psychological capital as a mediator of workplace bullying among nurses. METHODS: We obtained structured questionnaire data from 301 nurses working at hospitals in South Korea...
February 7, 2018: Asian Nursing Research
Josep Gustems-Carnicer, Caterina Calderon, Alberto Batalla-Flores, Francisco Esteban-Bara
Stress in teacher education students is a key issue, due to its physical and social impact and its relevance to students' future as professionals. This study uses the Perceived Stress Scale, the Coping Responses Inventory-Adult Form, and the Psychological Well-Being Scale to analyze how coping strategies mediate the relationship between stress and well-being in a sample of Spanish teacher education students (n = 334). The results show that the students had a good general level of psychological well-being, although with little personal growth and autonomy...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
Annette Kluge, Norbert Gronau
To cope with the already large, and ever increasing, amount of information stored in organizational memory, "forgetting," as an important human memory process, might be transferred to the organizational context. Especially in intentionally planned change processes (e.g., change management), forgetting is an important precondition to impede the recall of obsolete routines and adapt to new strategic objectives accompanied by new organizational routines. We first comprehensively review the literature on the need for organizational forgetting and particularly on accidental vs...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Izhak Berkovich, Ori Eyal
Social support at work is considered useful in treating job-related stress, and supervisors' emotional support has been found to be the most effective source of support at work. But an understanding of what elements make employees use supervisors as a source of emotional support is lacking. The present qualitative study included in-depth interviews with 24 teachers and 12 principals and a focus group with 12 school counsellors. The findings pointed at 2 groups of determinants of subordinates' intentions of asking socioemotional help from supervisors...
February 15, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
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