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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792470/the-science-of-teamwork-progress-reflections-and-the-road-ahead
#1
Eduardo Salas, Denise L Reyes, Susan H McDaniel
We need teams in nearly every aspect of our lives (e.g., hospitals, schools, flight decks, nuclear power plants, oil rigs, the military, and corporate offices). Nearly a century of psychological science has uncovered extensive knowledge about team-related processes and outcomes. In this article, we draw from the reviews and articles of this special issue to identify 10 key reflections that have arisen in the team literature, briefly summarized here. Team researchers have developed many theories surrounding the multilayered aspects of teams, such that now we have a solid theoretical basis for teams...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792464/debriefs-teams-learning-from-doing-in-context
#2
Joseph A Allen, Roni Reiter-Palmon, John Crowe, Cliff Scott
Debriefs are a type of work meeting in which teams discuss, interpret, and learn from recent events during which they collaborated. In a variety of forms, debriefs are found across a wide range of organizational types and settings. Well-conducted debriefs can improve team effectiveness by 25% across a variety of organizations and settings. For example, the U.S. military adopted debriefs decades ago to promote learning and performance across the various services. Subsequently, debriefs have been introduced in the medical field, the fire service, aviation, education, and in a variety of organizational training and simulation environments...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792445/the-society-for-industrial-and-organizational-psychology-s-guidelines-for-education-and-training-an-executive-summary-of-the-2016-2017-revision
#3
Jennifer Lee Gibson, Stephanie C Payne, Whitney Botsford Morgan, Joseph A Allen
The Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP, Division 14 of the American Psychological Association [APA]) maintains Guidelines for Education and Training to provide guidance for the training of industrial-organizational (I-O) psychologists. The 2016/2017 revision combines separate documents for master's- and doctoral-level training into one document, because the competencies required for each degree are not very different. Instead, the degrees differ in breadth and depth. The updated Guidelines were approved as APA policy in August 2017...
May 24, 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792256/uncaring-nurses-mobilizing-power-knowledge-difference-and-resistance-to-explain-workplace-violence-in-academia
#4
Renee Berquist, Isabelle St-Pierre, Dave Holmes
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Violence among nurses and in nursing academia is a significant issue, with attention increasingly focused on damage resulting from psychological violence, such as bullying, harassment, aggression, and incivility. Each workplace's interpretation of violence will impact individual behavior within the organization. Organizational and environmental factors can contribute to violent behaviors becoming normalized in the workplace. When violent behaviors go unconstrained, they become imbedded within the workplace culture...
May 1, 2018: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789455/map-changes-and-theme-evolution-in-work-hours-a-co-word-analysis
#5
Bei Liu, Hong Chen, Xinru Huang
(1) Background: Work hours are the basic carrier impacting employees' work⁻life experience and organizational performance, and employees have greater anxiety in relation to work hours as new technology requires an increasingly faster work rhythm. However, scientific research on this topic lags far behind the practice, calling to attention the need for research on work hours from the perspective of historical evolution; (2) Methods: The Bibliometric method is used to analyze the 6364 articles and their contained 77 high-frequency keywords related to work hours from the Web of Science published between 1901 and 2017...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784263/tertiary-care-referrals-for-fractures-in-children
#6
Jennifer K Marsh, David J Murray, Anshuman Sharma, Kavya Narayana Reddy, Alyssa Naes
PURPOSE: With limited local access to pediatric subspecialty care outside major metropolitan areas, tertiary care hospitals treat many children originally seen at outside facilities for relatively brief but urgent surgical procedures. This referral-based care imposes significant financial and psychological stress on the families. DESIGN: Prospective, survey methodology was used. METHODS: Families of children aged 0-18 years admitted to the St...
June 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784229/burnout-evaluation-and-potential-predictors-in-a-greek-cohort-of-mental-health-nurses
#7
Adamos-Konstantinos Konstantinou, Konstantinos Bonotis, Maria Sokratous, Vasileios Siokas, Efthimios Dardiotis
BACKGROUND: Job burnout is one of the most serious occupational health hazards, especially, among mental health nurses. It has been attributed among others to staff shortages, health service changes, poor morale and insufficient employee participation in decision-making. AIM: The aim of this study was to measure burnout among mental health nurses, investigate relations between burnout and organizational factors and examine potential predictors of nurses' burnout...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778040/violence-against-child-protection-workers-a-study-of-workers-experiences-attributions-and-coping-strategies
#8
Josianne Lamothe, Amélie Couvrette, Gabrielle Lebrun, Gabrielle Yale, Camille Roy, Stéphane Guay, Steve Geoffrion
Child protection workers (CPWs) are frequently exposed to client violence, both psychological and physical, in their line of work whether they operate in the community or in residential settings. Despite this known vulnerability, research on the subject has lagged. The current study sought to analyze CPWs' experiences with client violence, their interpretation of it, its perceived consequences and their coping strategies. Specifically, 30 CPWs working both in the community and in residential settings, took part in an in-depth, semi-structured interview...
May 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743777/implication-of-emotional-labor-cognitive-flexibility-and-relational-energy-among-cabin-crew-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Rithi Baruah, K Jayasankara Reddy
The primary aim of the civil aviation industry is to provide a secured and comfortable service to their customers and clients. This review concentrates on the cabin crew members, who are the frontline employees of the aviation industry and are salaried to smile. The objective of this review article is to analyze the variables of emotional labor, cognitive flexibility, and relational energy using the biopsychosocial model and identify organizational implications among cabin crew. Online databases such as EBSCOhost, JSTOR, Springerlink, and PubMed were used to gather articles for the review...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736753/factors-affecting-resident-satisfaction-in-continuity-clinic-a-systematic-review
#10
J Stepczynski, S R Holt, M S Ellman, D Tobin, Benjamin R Doolittle
PURPOSE: In recent years, with an increasing emphasis on time spent in ambulatory training, educators have focused attention on improving the residents' experience in continuity clinic. The authors sought to review the factors associated with physician trainee satisfaction with outpatient ambulatory training. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted for all English language articles published between January 1980 and December 2016 in relevant databases, including Medline (medicine), CINAHL (nursing), PSYCHinfo (psychology), and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials...
May 7, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734285/a-systematic-literature-review-of-instruments-to-measure-coordination
#11
Candice L Thomas, Christiane Spitzmüller, Amber B Amspoker, Varsha Modi, Thach Tran, Aanand D Naik, LeChauncy Woodard, Amanda Auron, Sylvia J Hysong
Organizing patient care and improving team coordination have been identified by the Institute of Medicine and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality as essential components of high-quality care. Research is lacking, however, on the measurement of care team coordination and its mechanisms. Using an organizational psychology framework developed by Okhuysen and Bechky (O&B) as a guide, the authors identify strengths and gaps in the existing literature related to the measurement of coordination and its associated constructs...
May 2018: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719521/-you-can-see-how-things-will-end-by-the-way-they-begin-the-contribution-of-early-mutual-obligations-for-the-development-of-the-psychological-contract
#12
Maria Luisa Farnese, Stefano Livi, Barbara Barbieri, René Schalk
This study explores dynamic processes in the development of the psychological contract, focusing on the interaction of obligations related to the two parties (i.e., employees' perceptions of both their own and the organization's obligations fulfillment) on attitudinal outcomes (organizational commitment and turnover intention) during the initial stage of the employment relationship. In a twofold cross-sectional and two-wave study on newly hired correctional police officers, we examined: (a) whether perception of organizational obligations fulfillment moderates the relationship between employee obligations and their attitudes (Study 1, n...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717791/perceived-organizational-support-burnout-satisfaction-relationship-in-workers-with-disabilities-the-moderation-of-family-support
#13
Carlos-María Alcover, Maria José Chambel, Juan José Fernández, Fernando Rodríguez
Our study tests the perceived organizational support-burnout-satisfaction relationship based on stressor-strain-outcome model of stress (Koeske & Koeske, ) and on the conservation of resources theory (Hobfoll, ) in workers with disabilities employed in ordinary or competitive jobs (open labor market), analyzing the relationship between perceived organizational support, family support, job satisfaction and burnout. We use a sample of 246 workers with physical, motor, sensory and psychological disabilities working in ordinary jobs...
May 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713478/reliability-and-validity-of-the-korean-version-of-organizational-justice-questionnaire
#14
Hanul Park, Kang-Sook Lee, Yong-Jun Park, Dong-Joon Lee, Hyun-Kyung Lee
Background: Many studies show that organizational justice (OJ) is related to psychological determinants of employee health. To prevent health problems related to OJ in Korean workplaces and to accurately measure OJ, we developed the Korean version of the Organizational Justice Questionnaire (K-OJQ) and assessed its validity and reliability. Methods: A questionnaire draft of the K-OJQ was developed using back-translation methods, which was preliminary tested by 32 employees in Korea...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702357/serial-multiple-mediation-of-organizational-commitment-and-job-burnout-in-the-relationship-between-psychological-capital-and-anxiety-in-chinese-female-nurses-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#15
Jiawei Zhou, Yanjie Yang, Xiaohui Qiu, Xiuxian Yang, Hui Pan, Bo Ban, Zhengxue Qiao, Lin Wang, Wenbo Wang
BACKGROUND: Nurses play an important role in medical and health services but anxiety among those in this profession is widespread. Anxiety not only damages the physical and mental health of the individual, but also reduces the efficiency of their work and the quality of care, ultimately impacting on patient care. Therefore, it is necessary to elucidate the factors that lead to anxiety and explore measures to reduce the impact these factors have on nurses. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the serial-multiple mediation of psychological capital (PsyCap), organizational commitment, job burnout, and anxiety among Chinese female nurses...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685794/predictors-of-nurses-experience-of-verbal-abuse-by-nurse-colleagues
#16
Ronald Keller, Barbara Krainovich-Miller, Wendy Budin, Maja Djukic
BACKGROUND: Between 45% and 94% of registered nurses (RNs) experience verbal abuse, which is associated with physical and psychological harm. Although several studies examined predictors of RNs' verbal abuse, none examined predictors of RNs' experiences of verbal abuse by RN colleagues. PURPOSE: To examine individual, workplace, dispositional, contextual, and interpersonal predictors of RNs' reported experiences of verbal abuse from RN colleagues. METHODS: In this secondary analysis, a cross-sectional design with multiple linear regression analysis was used to examine the effect of 23 predictors on verbal abuse by RN colleagues in a sample of 1,208 early career RNs...
March 2018: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684833/antecedents-mediators-and-outcomes-of-authentic-leadership-in-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Bayan Alilyyani, Carol A Wong, Greta Cummings
BACKGROUND: Leaders are essential in every organization to achieve patient safety and healthy work environments. Authentic leadership is a relational leadership style purported to promote healthy work environments that influence staff performance and organizational outcomes. Given recent growth in authentic leadership research in healthcare and the importance of new knowledge to inform leadership development, there is an obligation to determine what is known about the antecedents and outcomes of authentic leadership in healthcare settings and clarify mechanisms by which authentic leadership affects healthcare staff and patient outcomes...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683685/future-time-perspective-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Dorien T A M Kooij, Ruth Kanfer, Matt Betts, Cort W Rudolph
The ability to foresee, anticipate, and plan for future desired outcomes is crucial for well-being, motivation, and behavior. However, theories in organizational psychology do not incorporate time-related constructs such as Future Time Perspective (FTP), and research on FTP remains disjointed and scattered, with different domains focusing on different aspects of the construct, using different measures, and assessing different antecedents and consequences. In this review and meta-analysis, we aim to clarify the FTP construct, advance its theoretical development, and demonstrate its importance by (a) integrating theory and empirical findings across different domains of research to identify major outcomes and antecedents of FTP, and (b) empirically examining whether and how these variables are moderated by FTP measures and dimensions...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668522/the-art-and-artifice-of-seeking-feedback-clerkship-students-approaches-in-asking-for-feedback
#19
Robert Bing-You, Victoria Hayes, Tamara Palka, Marybeth Ford, Robert Trowbridge
PURPOSE: As attention has shifted to learners as significant partners in feedback interactions, it is important to explore what feedback-seeking behaviors medical students use and how the faculty-student relationship affects feedback-seeking behaviors. METHOD: This qualitative study was inspired by the organizational psychology literature. Third-year medical students were interviewed at Maine Medical Center in April-May 2017 after completing a traditional block-rotation clerkship or a nine-month longitudinal integrated clerkship (LIC)...
April 17, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658733/the-paradox-of-agency-feeling-powerful-reduces-brokerage-opportunity-recognition-yet-increases-willingness-to-broker
#20
Blaine Landis, Martin Kilduff, Jochen I Menges, Gavin J Kilduff
Research suggests positions of brokerage in organizational networks provide many benefits, but studies tend to assume everyone is equally able to perceive and willing to act on brokerage opportunities. Here we challenge these assumptions in a direct investigation of whether people can perceive brokerage opportunities and are willing to broker. We propose that the psychological experience of power diminishes individuals' ability to perceive opportunities to broker between people who are not directly connected in their networks, yet enhances their willingness to broker...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
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