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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220581/effect-of-organizational-features-on-patient-satisfaction-with-care-in-italian-multiple-sclerosis-centres
#1
K Mattarozzi, E Baldin, C Zenesini, A Solari, M P Amato, M Leone, G Mancardi, V Martinelli, G Savettieri, C Solaro, M R Tola, R D'Alessandro
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Receiving clear, complete and up-to-date information and having a satisfying relationship with the health professional (HP) are of primary importance for MS patients. Healthcare organization plays a key role in promoting an effective relationship and communication between patients and HPs. The present study aims to explore which care organization and service characteristics provided by Italian MS centres best predict patients' satisfaction with healthcare. METHODS: Eighty-one centres and 707 patients (502 women, mean age 40...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206808/job-matching-an-interdisciplinary-scoping-study-with-implications-for-vocational-rehabilitation-counseling
#2
Marina Nützi, Bruno Trezzini, Lorenzo Medici, Urban Schwegler
PURPOSE: Matching a person's capabilities and characteristics with the demands and characteristics of their job is crucial for sustainable employment, in particular for persons with disabilities. The present study aims to summarize and synthesize conceptual and empirical knowledge on job matching (JM) from industrial and organizational psychology (IOP), vocational psychology (VP), and return to work (RTW) research. RESEARCH METHOD: We conducted a scoping study applying Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) framework and using eight electronic databases from psychology, economics, and medicine...
February 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206775/one-hundred-years-of-the-journal-of-applied-psychology-background-evolution-and-scientific-trends
#3
Steve W J Kozlowski, Gilad Chen, Eduardo Salas
To launch this Special Issue of the Journal of Applied Psychology celebrating the 1st century of the journal we conducted a review encompassing the background of the founding of the journal; a quantitative assessment of its evolution across the century; and an examination of trends examining article type, article length, authorship patterns, supplemental materials, and research support. The journal was founded in March of 1917 with hopeful optimism about the potential of psychology being applied to practical problems could enhance human happiness, well-being, and effectiveness...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206774/cross-cultural-industrial-organizational-psychology-and-organizational-behavior-a-hundred-year-journey
#4
Michele J Gelfand, Zeynep Aycan, Miriam Erez, Kwok Leung
In celebration of the anniversary of the Journal of Applied Psychology (JAP), we take a hundred-year journey to examine how the science of cross-cultural industrial/organizational psychology and organizational behavior (CCIO/OB) has evolved, both in JAP and in the larger field. We review broad trends and provide illustrative examples in the theoretical, methodological, and analytic advances in CCIO/OB during 4 main periods: the early years (1917-1949), the middle 20th century (1950-1979), the later 20th century (1980-2000), and the 21st century (2000 to the present)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206773/a-century-of-progress-in-industrial-and-organizational-psychology-discoveries-and-the-next-century
#5
Eduardo Salas, Steve W J Kozlowski, Gilad Chen
In a century of research published in the Journal of Applied Psychology, we have seen significant advances in our science. The results of this science have broad applications to the workplace and implications for improving organizational effectiveness through a variety of avenues. Research has focused on understanding constructs, relationships, and processes at multiple levels, including individual, team, and organizational. A plethora of research methods and questions have driven this work, resulting in a nuanced understanding of what matters in the workplace...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194198/when-does-spiritual-intelligence-particularly-predict-job-engagement-the-mediating-role-of-psychological-empowerment
#6
Mohsen Torabi, Iman Zohoorian Nadali
BACKGROUND: Regarding the importance of health care providers such as nurses who are always in stressful environments, it is imperative to better understand how they become more engaged in their work. The purpose of this paper is to focus on health care providers (nurses), and examine how the interaction between spiritual intelligence and psychological empowerment affect job engagement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive and quantitative study was conducted among nurses at the Faghihi Hospital in Shiraz, Iran in 2010...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182463/reflections-on-the-journal-of-applied-psychology-for-2009-to-2014-infrastructure-operations-innovations-impact-evolution-and-desirable-directions
#7
Steve W J Kozlowski
In this reflection on my experiences as editor of the Journal of Applied Psychology, I consider 6 foci including (a) information on the background, infrastructure, and mechanics of running this top-tier journal; (b) statistics on journal operations across the 7 years of editorial activity (i.e., incoming plus 6 years on the masthead); (c) innovations that my senior editorial team introduced (i.e., transparency via supplemental materials, revival of monographs, initiation of integrative conceptual reviews); (d) impact and influence with respect to articles, authors, and institutions; (e) latent sematic analysis findings to illustrate the evolution and change of journal content over a 33-year comparison period (i...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182461/reflections-on-the-journal-of-applied-psychology-for-1989-to-1994-changes-in-major-research-themes-and-practices-over-25-years
#8
Neal Schmitt
Informal observations concerning journal content indicates that research investigating organizational behavior topics, including work on the structure of groups and determinants and consequences of group process along with the role of leadership in groups, has increased. Some topics have disappeared (e.g., job analysis, human factors, union-related work, consumer behavior) and others are declining (e.g., research methods, psychometrics). Perhaps the biggest change is in the length of articles, which is mostly a function of the inclusion of greater numbers of references and appendix material...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182176/risk-factors-for-upper-extremity-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-office-workers-in-qom-province-iran
#9
Seyedeh Shohreh Alavi, Mahya Abbasi, Ramin Mehrdad
BACKGROUND: The identification of the risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) is the first step in designing effective preventive interventions. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between individual, organizational, physical, and psychological factors and upper extremity MSDs (i.e., shoulder, elbow and hand/wrist). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the study population was comprised of office workers from Qom Province, Iran...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178966/the-contribution-from-psychological-social-and-organizational-work-factors-to-risk-of-disability-retirement-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses
#10
Stein Knardahl, Håkon A Johannessen, Tom Sterud, Mikko Härmä, Reiner Rugulies, Jorma Seitsamo, Vilhelm Borg
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that psychological, social, and organizational factors at work contribute to health, motivation, absence from work, and functional ability. The objective of the study was to assess the current state of knowledge of the contribution of psychological, social, and organizational factors to disability retirement by a systematic review and meta-analyses. METHODS: Data sources: A systematic literature search for studies of retirement due to disability in Medline, Embase, and PsychINFO was performed...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173618/organizational-stressors-and-basic-psychological-needs-the-mediating-role-of-athletes-appraisal-mechanisms
#11
Kimberley J Bartholomew, Rachel Arnold, Richard J Hampson, David Fletcher
This paper reports the first study to quantitatively examine the relationships between the demands encountered by athletes that are associated with the organization within which they are operating, cognitive appraisals, and basic psychological need experiences. Three hundred and fifteen high-level British athletes completed a multi-section questionnaire which assessed each of the aforementioned constructs. A series of path analyses provided valuable insight into the way in which the three dimensions (i.e., frequency, intensity and duration) of five organizational stressor categories were evaluated by athletes and, in turn, how such threat or challenge appraisals predicted feelings of need satisfaction and need frustration...
February 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169825/-evaluation-and-intervention-of-psychological-work-climate-among-nursing-staff-160-a-review-of-the-literature
#12
Stéphanie Maillet, François Courcy, Jeannette Leblanc
<ce:para>This review of literature focuses on the influence of psychological work climate and job satisfaction on nurses’ turnover intentions. More specifically, this review aims to explain the influence of the primary dimensions of psychological work climate - job characteristics, role characteristics, leadership characteristics, teamwork characteristics and organizational characteristics - on nurses’ organizational and occupational turnover intentions. Furthermore, this review aims to explain the role of job satisfaction as a potential mediator in the relationship between psychological work climate dimensions and both organizational and occupational turnover intentions among nurses...
July 5, 2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168198/associations-of-occupational-stressors-perceived-organizational-support-and-psychological-capital-with-work-engagement-among-chinese-female-nurses
#13
Xiaoxi Wang, Li Liu, Futing Zou, Junhui Hao, Hui Wu
This study aimed to explore the associations of occupational stressors (extrinsic effort, reward, and overcommitment), perceived organizational support (POS), and psychological capital (PsyCap) and its components (self-efficacy, hope, resilience, and optimism) with work engagement and the mediating roles of PsyCap and its components among Chinese female nurses within the framework of the job demands-resources (JD-R) model. A cross-sectional sample (1,330) completed the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, Effort-Reward Imbalance Scale, Survey of POS, and PsyCap Questionnaire, and effective respondents were 1,016 (76...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166674/medical-managers-managerial-self-efficacy-and-role-clarity-how-do-they-bridge-the-budgetary-participation-performance-link
#14
Manuela S Macinati, Gabriele Cantaluppi, Marco Giovanni Rizzo
This study explains the process ''how'' organizational accounting practices, such as budgetary participation, influence medical doctors' perceptions and beliefs associated with their hybrid role and what the consequences are on their performance. Building on social cognitive theory, we hypothesize a structural model in which managerial self-efficacy and role clarity mediate the effects of budgetary participation on performance. The data were collected by a survey conducted in an Italian hospital. The research hypotheses were tested employing a path model...
February 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165257/the-development-and-initial-validation-of-the-decent-work-scale
#15
Ryan D Duffy, Blake A Allan, Jessica W England, David L Blustein, Kelsey L Autin, Richard P Douglass, Joaquim Ferreira, Eduardo J R Santos
Decent work is positioned as the centerpiece of the recently developed Psychology of Working Theory (PWT; Duffy, Blustein, Diemer, & Autin, 2016). However, to date, no instrument exists which assesses all 5 components of decent work from a psychological perspective. In the current study, we developed the Decent Work Scale (DWS) and demonstrated several aspects of validity with 2 samples of working adults. In Study 1 (N = 275), a large pool of items were developed and exploratory factor analysis was conducted resulting in a final 15-item scale with 5 factors/subscales corresponding to the 5 components of decent work: (a) physically and interpersonally safe working conditions, (b) access to health care, (c) adequate compensation, (d) hours that allow for free time and rest, and (e) organizational values that complement family and social values...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156497/the-integration-of-palliative-care-into-treatment-of-oncology-patients-at-the-istituto-oncologico-veneto-iov-the-interdisciplinary-clinic-of-simultaneous-care
#16
Stefania Schiavon, Antonella Brunello, Michela Michielotto, Irene Guglieri, Maria Teresa Nardi, Evelina Lamberti, Annalisa Stablum, Eleonora Capovilla, Leonardo Trentin, Vittorina Zagonel
: 150 Background: WHO defines palliative care as an approach that improves the quality of life of patients (pts) and their families facing problems associated with life threatening illnesses. This occurs by means of early identification, assessment and treatment of pain and other problems physical, psychosocial, and spiritual. Recently, palliative care has been incorporated into the treatment of oncology pts earlier in the course of their disease. We aimed to explore this approach at our institution...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156046/ethical-considerations-for-sleep-intervention-in-organizational-psychology-research
#17
Larissa K Barber
Over the past several years, interest into the role of sleep in the workplace has grown. The theoretical shift from research questions examining sleep as an outcome to placing sleep as the independent variable has increased experimental approaches to manipulating sleep in organizational studies. This is an exciting trend that is likely to continue in the organizational sciences. However, sleep experimentation can also pose special challenges for organizational researchers unaccustomed to sleep science. In this commentary, I discuss five ethical considerations of conducting negative sleep interventions in organizational psychology research...
February 3, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154546/the-role-and-reprocessing-of-attitudes-in-fostering-employee-work-happiness-an-intervention-study
#18
Paige Williams, Margaret L Kern, Lea Waters
This intervention study examines the iterative reprocessing of explicit and implicit attitudes as the process underlying associations between positive employee attitudes (PsyCap), perception of positive organization culture (organizational virtuousness, OV), and work happiness. Using a quasi-experimental design, a group of school staff (N = 69) completed surveys at three time points. After the first assessment, the treatment group (n = 51) completed a positive psychology training intervention. Results suggest that employee PsyCap, OV, and work happiness are associated with one another through both implicit and explicit attitudes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151783/organizational-learning-in-a-cardiac-intensive-care-unit-a-learning-history
#19
Bret Lyman, Kalene M Ethington, Carly King, Jonathan D Jacobs, Hayley Lundeen
INTRODUCTION: Providing high-quality care to every patient is challenging, particularly in critical care units (CCUs). However, this standard can be achieved through organizational learning. Unfortunately, the process of organizational learning in CCUs is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to describe the developmental progression of a cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) to reach its current state of reliably excellent clinical performance...
March 2017: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150995/managing-employee-stress-and-wellness-in-the-new-millennium
#20
Katherine M Richardson
It has been almost a decade since Journal of Occupational Health Psychology published back-to-back meta-analyses on occupational stress management interventions (Richardson & Rothstein, 2008) and organizational wellness programs (Parks & Steelman, 2008). These studies cited the need for systematic reviews given the growing body of literature in the field and the proliferation of stress management interventions and mental health wellness programs, which have traditionally been viewed as two distinct initiatives...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
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