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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320977/web-based-interventions-for-the-management-of-stress-in-the-workplace-focus-form-and-efficacy
#1
Cathal Ryan, Michael Bergin, Trudie Chalder, John Sg Wells
ObjectivesThis review sought to determine what is currently known about the focus, form, and efficacy of web-based interventions that aim to support the well-being of workers and enable them to manage their work-related stress.MethodA scoping review of the literature as this relates to web-based interventions for the management of work-related stress and supporting the psychological well-being of workers was conducted.ResultsForty-eight web-based interventions were identified and reviewed, the majority of which (n = 37) were "individual"-focused and utilized cognitive-behavioral techniques, relaxation exercises, mindfulness, or cognitive behavior therapy...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303114/mentoring-top-leadership-promotes-organizational-innovativeness-through-psychological-safety-and-is-moderated-by-cognitive-adaptability
#2
James H Moore, Zhongming Wang
Mentoring continues to build momentum among startups and established enterprises due to its positive impact on individuals and organizations. Unlike previous studies, this research focuses on mentoring higher level leadership, such as the CEO, and demonstrates its unique relationship to organizational innovativeness. Our sample included 200 mentored executives and entrepreneurs who personally identify and exploit opportunities. Our findings confirm that mentoring top leaders positively relates to their perceived innovativeness of the organization and that the relationship is mediated by these leaders' perception of psychological safety within the organization...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302647/development-and-psychometric-properties-of-a-scale-to-measure-hospital-organizational-culture-for-cardiovascular-care
#3
Elizabeth H Bradley, Amanda L Brewster, Heather Fosburgh, Emily J Cherlin, Leslie A Curry
BACKGROUND: Because organizational culture is increasingly understood as fundamental to achieving high performance in hospital and other healthcare settings, the ability to measure this nuanced concept empirically has gained importance. Aside from measures of patient safety culture, no measure of organizational culture has been widely endorsed in the medical literature, limiting replication of previous findings and broader use in interventional studies. METHODS AND RESULTS: We sought to develop and assess the validity and reliability of a scale for assessing organizational culture in the context of hospitals' efforts to reducing 30-day risk-standardized mortality after acute myocardial infarction...
March 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301762/sex-differences-in-binge-eating-gonadal-hormone-effects-across-development
#4
Kelly L Klump, Kristen M Culbert, Cheryl L Sisk
Eating disorders are highly sexually differentiated disorders that exhibit a female predominance in risk. Most theories focus on psychosocial explanations to the exclusion of biological/genetic influences. The purpose of this descriptive review is to evaluate evidence from animal and human studies in support of gonadal hormone effects on sex differences in binge eating. Although research is in its nascent stages, findings suggest that increased prenatal testosterone exposure in males appears to protect against binge eating...
March 16, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291105/escalation-of-commitment-in-the-surgical-icu
#5
Carla C Braxton, Celia N Robinson, Samir S Awad
OBJECTIVES: Escalation of commitment is a business term that describes the continued investment of resources into a project even after there is objective evidence of the project's impending failure. Escalation of commitment may be a contributor to high healthcare costs associated with critically ill patients as it has been shown that, despite almost certain futility, most ICU costs are incurred in the last week of life. Our objective was to determine if escalation of commitment occurs in healthcare settings, specifically in the surgical ICU...
April 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289458/encouraging-employees-to-report-verbal-violence-in-primary-health-care-in-serbia-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Marina B Fisekovic Kremic, Zorica J Terzic-Supic, Milena M Santric-Milicevic, Goran Z Trajkovic
INTRODUCTION: Workplace violence is a serious and multidimensional problem that adversely affects professional and personal lives of employees. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and characteristics of verbal violence as a part of psychological violence among employees in primary health care in Belgrade, and to identify contributing factors of verbal violence in the workplace. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the final analysis included 1526 employees, using multi-stage sampling...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284011/applying-occupational-and-organizational-psychology-theory-to-entrustment-decision-making-about-trainees-in-health-care-a%C3%A2-conceptual-model
#7
Ylva Holzhausen, Asja Maaz, Anna T Cianciolo, Olle Ten Cate, Harm Peters
In medical contexts around the world, supervising physicians continuously decide what degree of supervision to apply as trainees carry out professional activities. Although the implications for patients can be far-reaching, little is known about how these entrustment decisions are formed. The concept of 'Entrustable Professional Activities' has initiated interest and valuable research on factors that may influence the entrustment decision process.The aim of the current article is to link models of entrustment developed in the fields of occupational and organizational psychology and military psychology to medical education studies that have explored the factors influencing physicians' entrustment decisions...
March 10, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247467/professional-rescuers-experiences-of-motivation-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-qualitative-study
#8
Abdolghader Assarroudi, Fatemeh Heshmati Nabavi, Abbas Ebadi, Habibollah Esmaily
Rescuers' psychological competence, particularly their motivation, can improve the cardiopulmonary resuscitation outcomes. Data were collected using semistructured interviews with 24 cardiopulmonary resuscitation team members and analyzed through deductive content analysis based on Vroom's expectancy theory. Nine generic categories were developed: (i) estimation of the chance of survival; (ii) estimation of self-efficacy; (iii) looking for a sign of effectiveness; (iv) supportive organizational structure; (v) revival; (vi) acquisition of external incentives; (vii) individual drives; (viii) commitment to personal values; and (ix) avoiding undesirable social outcomes...
February 28, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220581/effect-of-organizational-features-on-patient-satisfaction-with-care-in-italian-multiple-sclerosis-centres
#9
K Mattarozzi, E Baldin, C Zenesini, A Solari, M P Amato, M Leone, G Mancardi, V Martinelli, G Savettieri, C Solaro, M R Tola, R D'Alessandro
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Receiving clear, complete and up-to-date information and having a satisfying relationship with the health professional (HP) are of primary importance for MS patients. Healthcare organization plays a key role in promoting an effective relationship and communication between patients and HPs. The present study aims to explore which care organization and service characteristics provided by Italian MS centres best predict patients' satisfaction with healthcare. METHODS: Eighty-one centres and 707 patients (502 women, mean age 40...
April 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206808/job-matching-an-interdisciplinary-scoping-study-with-implications-for-vocational-rehabilitation-counseling
#10
Marina Nützi, Bruno Trezzini, Lorenzo Medici, Urban Schwegler
PURPOSE: Matching a person's capabilities and characteristics with the demands and characteristics of their job is crucial for sustainable employment, in particular for persons with disabilities. The present study aims to summarize and synthesize conceptual and empirical knowledge on job matching (JM) from industrial and organizational psychology (IOP), vocational psychology (VP), and return to work (RTW) research. RESEARCH METHOD: We conducted a scoping study applying Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) framework and using eight electronic databases from psychology, economics, and medicine...
February 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206775/one-hundred-years-of-the-journal-of-applied-psychology-background-evolution-and-scientific-trends
#11
Steve W J Kozlowski, Gilad Chen, Eduardo Salas
To launch this Special Issue of the Journal of Applied Psychology celebrating the 1st century of the journal we conducted a review encompassing the background of the founding of the journal; a quantitative assessment of its evolution across the century; and an examination of trends examining article type, article length, authorship patterns, supplemental materials, and research support. The journal was founded in March of 1917 with hopeful optimism about the potential of psychology being applied to practical problems could enhance human happiness, well-being, and effectiveness...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206774/cross-cultural-industrial-organizational-psychology-and-organizational-behavior-a-hundred-year-journey
#12
Michele J Gelfand, Zeynep Aycan, Miriam Erez, Kwok Leung
In celebration of the anniversary of the Journal of Applied Psychology (JAP), we take a hundred-year journey to examine how the science of cross-cultural industrial/organizational psychology and organizational behavior (CCIO/OB) has evolved, both in JAP and in the larger field. We review broad trends and provide illustrative examples in the theoretical, methodological, and analytic advances in CCIO/OB during 4 main periods: the early years (1917-1949), the middle 20th century (1950-1979), the later 20th century (1980-2000), and the 21st century (2000 to the present)...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206773/a-century-of-progress-in-industrial-and-organizational-psychology-discoveries-and-the-next-century
#13
Eduardo Salas, Steve W J Kozlowski, Gilad Chen
In a century of research published in the Journal of Applied Psychology, we have seen significant advances in our science. The results of this science have broad applications to the workplace and implications for improving organizational effectiveness through a variety of avenues. Research has focused on understanding constructs, relationships, and processes at multiple levels, including individual, team, and organizational. A plethora of research methods and questions have driven this work, resulting in a nuanced understanding of what matters in the workplace...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194198/when-does-spiritual-intelligence-particularly-predict-job-engagement-the-mediating-role-of-psychological-empowerment
#14
Mohsen Torabi, Iman Zohoorian Nadali
BACKGROUND: Regarding the importance of health care providers such as nurses who are always in stressful environments, it is imperative to better understand how they become more engaged in their work. The purpose of this paper is to focus on health care providers (nurses), and examine how the interaction between spiritual intelligence and psychological empowerment affect job engagement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive and quantitative study was conducted among nurses at the Faghihi Hospital in Shiraz, Iran in 2010...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182463/reflections-on-the-journal-of-applied-psychology-for-2009-to-2014-infrastructure-operations-innovations-impact-evolution-and-desirable-directions
#15
Steve W J Kozlowski
In this reflection on my experiences as editor of the Journal of Applied Psychology, I consider 6 foci including (a) information on the background, infrastructure, and mechanics of running this top-tier journal; (b) statistics on journal operations across the 7 years of editorial activity (i.e., incoming plus 6 years on the masthead); (c) innovations that my senior editorial team introduced (i.e., transparency via supplemental materials, revival of monographs, initiation of integrative conceptual reviews); (d) impact and influence with respect to articles, authors, and institutions; (e) latent sematic analysis findings to illustrate the evolution and change of journal content over a 33-year comparison period (i...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182461/reflections-on-the-journal-of-applied-psychology-for-1989-to-1994-changes-in-major-research-themes-and-practices-over-25-years
#16
Neal Schmitt
Informal observations concerning journal content indicates that research investigating organizational behavior topics, including work on the structure of groups and determinants and consequences of group process along with the role of leadership in groups, has increased. Some topics have disappeared (e.g., job analysis, human factors, union-related work, consumer behavior) and others are declining (e.g., research methods, psychometrics). Perhaps the biggest change is in the length of articles, which is mostly a function of the inclusion of greater numbers of references and appendix material...
March 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182176/risk-factors-for-upper-extremity-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-office-workers-in-qom-province-iran
#17
Seyedeh Shohreh Alavi, Mahya Abbasi, Ramin Mehrdad
BACKGROUND: The identification of the risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) is the first step in designing effective preventive interventions. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between individual, organizational, physical, and psychological factors and upper extremity MSDs (i.e., shoulder, elbow and hand/wrist). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the study population was comprised of office workers from Qom Province, Iran...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178966/the-contribution-from-psychological-social-and-organizational-work-factors-to-risk-of-disability-retirement-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses
#18
Stein Knardahl, Håkon A Johannessen, Tom Sterud, Mikko Härmä, Reiner Rugulies, Jorma Seitsamo, Vilhelm Borg
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that psychological, social, and organizational factors at work contribute to health, motivation, absence from work, and functional ability. The objective of the study was to assess the current state of knowledge of the contribution of psychological, social, and organizational factors to disability retirement by a systematic review and meta-analyses. METHODS: Data sources: A systematic literature search for studies of retirement due to disability in Medline, Embase, and PsychINFO was performed...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173618/organizational-stressors-and-basic-psychological-needs-the-mediating-role-of-athletes-appraisal-mechanisms
#19
Kimberley J Bartholomew, Rachel Arnold, Richard J Hampson, David Fletcher
This paper reports the first study to quantitatively examine the relationships between the demands encountered by athletes that are associated with the organization within which they are operating, cognitive appraisals, and basic psychological need experiences. Three hundred and fifteen high-level British athletes completed a multi-section questionnaire which assessed each of the aforementioned constructs. A series of path analyses provided valuable insight into the way in which the three dimensions (i.e., frequency, intensity and duration) of five organizational stressor categories were evaluated by athletes and, in turn, how such threat or challenge appraisals predicted feelings of need satisfaction and need frustration...
February 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169825/-evaluation-and-intervention-of-psychological-work-climate-among-nursing-staff-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
Stéphanie Maillet, François Courcy, Jeannette Leblanc
This review of literature focuses on the influence of psychological work climate and job satisfaction on nurses’ turnover intentions. More specifically, this review aims to explain the influence of the primary dimensions of psychological work climate - job characteristics, role characteristics, leadership characteristics, teamwork characteristics and organizational characteristics - on nurses’ organizational and occupational turnover intentions. Furthermore, this review aims to explain the role of job satisfaction as a potential mediator in the relationship between psychological work climate dimensions and both organizational and occupational turnover intentions among nurses...
2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
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