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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813361/transformational-leadership-in-sport-current-status-and-future-directions
#1
REVIEW
Calum A Arthur, Nicolas Bastardoz, Robert Eklund
Borrowed from organizational psychology, the concept of transformational leadership has now been applied to a sport context for a decade. Our review covers and critically discusses empirical articles published on this growing topic. However, because the majority of studies used cross-sectional designs and single-source questionnaires to tap what has been a fuzzy construct, current theoretical and methodological issues impede understanding of whether transformational leadership matters for sport outcomes. To make a difference to applied practice and policy, the transformational leadership construct requires a refined definition and stronger empirical tests allowing for robust causal inference...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810974/factors-affecting-organizational-commitment-in-navy-corpsmen
#2
Stephanie Booth-Kewley, Renée G Dell'Acqua, Cynthia J Thomsen
BACKGROUND: Organizational commitment is a psychological state that has a strong impact on the likelihood that employees will remain with an organization. Among military personnel, organizational commitment is predictive of a number of important outcomes, including reenlistment intentions, job performance, morale, and perceived readiness. Because of the unique challenges and experiences associated with military service, it may be that organizational commitment is even more critical in the military than in civilian populations...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807433/influences-on-decision-making-regarding-antipsychotic-prescribing-in-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-qualitative-evidence
#3
REVIEW
Kieran A Walsh, Rebecca Dennehy, Carol Sinnott, John Browne, Stephen Byrne, Jennifer McSharry, Eoin Coughlan, Suzanne Timmons
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic prescribing is prevalent in nursing homes for the management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), despite the known risks and limited effectiveness. Many studies have attempted to understand this continuing phenomenon, using qualitative research methods, and have generated varied and sometimes conflicting findings. To date, the totality of this qualitative evidence has not been systematically collated and synthesized. AIMS: To synthesize the findings from individual qualitative studies on decision-making and prescribing behaviors for antipsychotics in nursing home residents with dementia, with a view to informing intervention development and quality improvement in this field...
August 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806943/gender-differences-and-similarities-in-medical-students-experiences-of-mistreatment-by-various-groups-of-perpetrators
#4
Heidi Siller, Gloria Tauber, Nikola Komlenac, Margarethe Hochleitner
BACKGROUND: Mistreatment of medical students during medical education is a widespread concern. Studies have shown that medical students report the most mistreatment compared to students of other study programs and that the prevalence of mistreatment peaks during clinical training. For this reason, a study was conducted to assess prevalence of mistreatment among medical students committed by various groups of people. The focus was to identify whether gender was associated with the experience of mistreatment...
August 14, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805426/detecting-and-differentiating-the-direction-of-change-and-intervention-effects-in-randomized-trials
#5
Todd E Bodner, Paul D Bliese
Calls continue for randomized interventions in organizational settings. In many cases, however, practical constraints require researchers to use 2-wave randomized pretest-posttest control group designs. We discuss the importance of randomized trials for theory development with a focus on analytic options for 2-wave designs. Our discussion has implications for both designing studies and interpreting results. We review 23 published work and organizational health psychology intervention studies and find that a majority of studies featured a statistical model known to have low statistical power relative to other options...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795823/correction-to-sun-and-chen-2017
#6
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Is Political Behavior a Viable Coping Strategy to Perceived Organizational Politics? Unveiling the Underlying Resource Dynamics" by Shuhua Sun and Huaizhong Chen (Journal of Applied Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, May 22, 2017, np). Table 1 contained a formatting error. Correlation coefficient values in the last four cells of column 6 were misplaced with correlation coefficient values in the last four cells of column 7. All versions of this article have been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-22542-001...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793380/non-pharmacological-approaches-for-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#7
REVIEW
Laura E Legere, Susan McNeill, Lori Schindel Martin, Michelle Acorn, Diana An
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To review the evidence on non-pharmacological approaches to care for behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia in older adults. BACKGROUND: Dementia is increasing in worldwide prevalence and can have severe and life-altering impacts on older adults. Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia can occur as a result of unmet needs and are distressing for family and caregivers. Many reviews have examined specific approaches to behaviours, but few have compared interventions for effectiveness and applicability across settings...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758100/appropriateness-of-tumor-marker-request-a-case-of-study
#8
Massimo Gion, Chiara Trevisiol, Aline S C Fabricio
Appropriateness is crucial to provide efficient and high-quality health services at affordable costs. Laboratory medicine is a sector of special interest for the investigation of inappropriateness, due to the high rate of technological innovation and its pivotal role in many diseases and clinical settings. Some subjective aspects related to either the patient or physician seem to have a major role on inappropriateness rates. Given the psychological impact of cancer on both patients and physicians, tumor markers represent a case of study for appropriateness...
July 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744235/big-hitters-important-factors-characterizing-team-effectiveness-in-professional-cricket
#9
Leonie V Webster, James Hardy, Lew Hardy
While organizational psychology attests to the multidimensional nature of team effectiveness, insight regarding the most important factors contributing to the effectiveness of sports teams, especially elite teams, is lacking. An abductive method of qualitative enquiry was adopted to capture participants' construal of team effectiveness, drawing on the extant literature in both sport and organizational psychology. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 players, coaches, and psychologists involved in elite cricket, with resultant data analyzed inductively initially, before being reanalyzed deductively...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729843/is-a-transdisciplinary-theory-of-engagement-in-organized-settings-possible-a-concept-analysis-of-the-literature-on-employee-engagement-consumer-engagement-and-patient-engagement
#10
REVIEW
Guendalina Graffigna
Organizations are experiencing increased competition, disruptive innovation, and continuous changes in their social and economic context. Furthermore, the decrease of resources (economic and human) in such a demanding context make it imperative for organizations to find new models and strategies to make their service delivery more sustainable at the economic, environmental and psychological levels. In such a complex scenario the concept of engagement of the individuals involved in organized settings (either as service providers or as final receivers) is a promising lever for innovation...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718865/-low-intensity-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-li-cbt-an-introduction-in-concepts-and-framework
#11
Pascal Wabnitz, Michael Löhr, André Nienaber, Bruno Hemkendreis, Klaus Thomas Kronmüller, Michael Schulz
Low-intensity cognitive behavioural therapy (LI-CBT) depicts interventions that aim at increasing access to evidence-based psychological therapies. This is achieved by (1) reducing the amount of time in which the practitioner is in contact with individual patients, (2) using practitioners that have been specifically trained to deliver low intensity interventions and without any prior formal health professional qualifications and (3) use of interventions with varying intensity. Stepped care and collaborative care constitute the organizational frame to deliver low-intensity interventions...
August 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711885/-factors-associated-with-job-satisfaction-of-human-resources-in-healthcare
#12
Тетяна А Вежновець, Валентин Д Парій, Іван І Вишнивецький, Максим В Москаленко
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare employee satisfaction is an important criterion for the efficiency of human resource management and prognostic impact factor for high turnover of staff. Furthermore, job satisfaction positively affects patient satisfaction, which is an important indicator for quality of care. AIM: The goal of our study was to identify factors associated with job satisfaction in healthcare organizations in Ukraine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted sociological and psychological survey of 190 healthcare professionals (81% response rate) in Kherson City Hospital...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710599/task-relevant-perceptual-features-can-define-categories-in-visual-memory-too
#13
Karla B Antonelli, Carrick C Williams
Although Konkle, Brady, Alvarez, and Oliva (2010, Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 139(3), 558) claim that visual long-term memory (VLTM) is organized on underlying conceptual, not perceptual, information, visual memory results from visual search tasks are not well explained by this theory. We hypothesized that when viewing an object, any task-relevant visual information is critical to the organizational structure of VLTM. In two experiments, we examined the organization of VLTM by measuring the amount of retroactive interference created by objects possessing different combinations of task-relevant features...
July 14, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692361/learning-from-error-leading-a-culture-of-safety
#14
Russell Gibson, Alexander Armstrong, Alex Till, Judy McKimm
A recent shift towards more collective leadership in the NHS can help to achieve a culture of safety, particularly through encouraging frontline staff to participate and take responsibility for improving safety through learning from error and near misses. Leaders must ensure that they provide psychological safety, organizational fairness and learning systems for staff to feel confident in raising concerns, that they have the autonomy and skills to lead continual improvement, and that they have responsibility for spreading this learning within and across organizations...
July 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683558/supporting-university-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Ashleigh Hillier, Jody Goldstein, Deirdra Murphy, Rhoda Trietsch, Jacqueline Keeves, Eva Mendes, Alexa Queenan
Increasing numbers of students with autism spectrum disorder are entering higher education. Their success can be jeopardized by organizational, social/emotional, and academic challenges if appropriate supports are not in place. Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a support group model for university students with autism spectrum disorder in improving psychological and functional outcomes. A curriculum guided the weekly discussions and consisted of topics such as time and stress management, managing group work, and social communication...
June 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658015/a-framework-for-integrating-implicit-bias-recognition-into-health-professions-education
#16
Javeed Sukhera, Chris Watling
Existing literature on implicit bias is fragmented and comes from a variety of fields like cognitive psychology, business ethics, and higher education, but implicit-bias-informed educational approaches have been underexplored in health professions education and are difficult to evaluate using existing tools. Despite increasing attention to implicit bias recognition and management in health professions education, many programs struggle to meaningfully integrate these topics into curricula. The authors propose a six-point actionable framework for integrating implicit bias recognition and management into health professions education that draws on the work of previous researchers and includes practical tools to guide curriculum developers...
June 27, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656727/the-eastern-european-experience-on-occupational-skin-diseases-make-underreporting-an-issue
#17
H R Moldovan, S T Voidazan, S M John, P Weinert, G Moldovan, M A Vlasiu, Z A Szasz, G S Tiplica, S Szasz, A C Marin, C M Salavastru
BACKGROUND: While legislation in most of the Eastern European countries is nowadays widely harmonized with the legal safety and health provisions of Western countries, there is still a sustained resistance to the notification of occupational skin diseases (OSD). OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify the main barriers in notification and recognition of OSD in 22 Eastern European countries. METHODS: An online survey was administered to key persons in the field of occupational safety and health in 22 Eastern European countries...
June 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649451/organizational-and-training-factors-that-promote-team-science-a-qualitative-analysis-and-application-of-theory-to-the-national-institutes-of-health-s-bircwh-career-development-program
#18
Jeanne-Marie Guise, Susan Winter, Stephen M Fiore, Judith G Regensteiner, Joan Nagel
INTRODUCTION: Research organizations face challenges in creating infrastructures that cultivates and sustains interdisciplinary team science. The objective of this paper is to identify structural elements of organizations and training that promote team science. METHODS: We qualitatively analyzed the National Institutes of Health's Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health, K12 using organizational psychology and team science theories to identify organizational design factors for successful team science and training...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644792/what-moral-distress-in-nursing-history-could-suggest-about-the-future-of-health-care
#19
Andrew Jameton
The concept of moral distress was defined in 1984 as (a) the psychological distress of (b) being in a situation in which one is constrained from acting (c) on what one knows to be right. A substantial literature on the subject has developed, primarily in nursing ethics. The aforementioned elements of distress are applied here to areas of clinical and organizational significance: (a) distress from causing intimate pain during care of the dying, (b) constraints stemming from proximate and background challenges of health care organizations, and (c) changing perspectives on therapeutic technologies derived from global environmental perspectives...
June 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622819/systematic-and-organizational-issues-implicated-in-post-hospitalization-suicides-of-medically-hospitalized-patients-a-study-of-root-cause-analysis-reports
#20
Natalie Riblet, Brian Shiner, Peter Mills, Brett Rusch, Robin Hemphill, Bradley V Watts
OBJECTIVE: Medical hospitalization is a high risk period for suicide. It is important to understand system-level factors that may be associated with suicide after a medical hospitalization. METHOD: Retrospective study of root-cause analysis (RCA) reports of suicide occurring within three months of Veterans Administration (VA) medical hospitalization, 2002-2015. We collected patient and system-level factors to characterize events. RESULTS: There were 96 RCA reports pertaining to suicide within three months of medical hospitalization...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
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