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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338989/relations-between-self-reported-and-linguistic-monitoring-assessments-of-affective-experience-in-an-extreme-environment
#1
Nathan Smith
INTRODUCTION: Approaches for monitoring psychosocial health in challenging environments are needed to maintain the performance and safety of personnel. The purpose of the present research was to examine the relationship between 2 candidate methods (self-reported and linguistics) for monitoring affective experience during extreme environment activities. METHODS: A single-subject repeated-measures design was used in the present work. The participant was a 46-year-old individual scheduled to complete a self-supported ski expedition across Arctic Greenland...
January 12, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327495/challenge-and-hindrance-demands-lead-to-employees-health-and-behaviours-through-intrinsic-motivation
#2
Minseo Kim, Terry A Beehr
Based on the job demand-resource theory, this study examined the differential relationships of two types of job demands, challenge and hindrance stressors, with three outcomes: ill health, organizational citizenship behaviour, and work engagement. These relationships were mediated by two personal resources: psychological empowerment and organization-based self-esteem (OBSE). Data were collected at two separate points, 2 weeks apart. With 336 full-time U.S. employees, results from path analysis indicated that the challenge stressor, workload, was positively related to psychological empowerment and OBSE, both of which were in turn positively related to good work behaviours as well as negatively related to ill health, an indication that employees experienced physical symptoms and psychological strains...
January 12, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325179/comprehensive-profiles-of-psychological-and-social-work-factors-as-predictors-of-site-specific-and-multi-site-pain
#3
Jan Olav Christensen, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Live Bakke Finne, Stein Knardahl
Objective Despite the multifactoriality of work and health, studies of psychosocial work factors with pain are typically limited to a few factors. This study examined a wide range of factors to determine (i) typical combinations of work factor levels ("work situations") and (ii) whether "work situations" predicted pain complaints of six anatomic regions. Methods Questionnaires were distributed to 6175 employees twice over a two-year period. Latent profile analysis was conducted to group employees into profiles of work factor levels...
January 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317066/an-exploration-of-the-hypothesis-that-testosterone-is-implicated-in-the-psychological-functioning-of-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos
#4
J A Barry, F Qu, P J Hardiman
One of the diagnostic features of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is elevation of the androgen, testosterone. It is known that women with PCOS are more likely to suffer from psychological problems, especially anxiety and depression, than other women. However, little is known of how much of this is due to testosterone, and if so, what the mechanism(s) might be. This study explores the hypothesis that testosterone impacts women with PCOS both directly and indirectly, via testosterone currently in the bloodstream and through prenatal exposure...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301519/iterative-co-creation-for-improved-hand-hygiene-and-aseptic-techniques-in-the-operating-room-experiences-from-the-safe-hands-study
#5
Annette Erichsen Andersson, Maria Frödin, Lisen Dellenborg, Lars Wallin, Jesper Hök, Brigid M Gillespie, Ewa Wikström
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene and aseptic techniques are essential preventives in combating hospital-acquired infections. However, implementation of these strategies in the operating room remains suboptimal. There is a paucity of intervention studies providing detailed information on effective methods for change. This study aimed to evaluate the process of implementing a theory-driven knowledge translation program for improved use of hand hygiene and aseptic techniques in the operating room...
January 4, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294693/providing-health-care-in-the-shadow-of-violence-does-emotion-regulation-vary-among-hospital-workers-from-different-professions
#6
Hadass Goldblatt, Anat Freund, Anat Drach-Zahavy, Guy Enosh, Ilana Peterfreund, Neomi Edlis
Research into violence against health care staff by patients and their families within the health care services shows a rising frequency of incidents. The potentially damaging effects on health care staff are extensive, including diverse negative psychological and physical symptoms. The aim of this qualitative study was to examine how hospital workers from different professions reacted to patients' and visitors' violence against them or their colleagues, and how they regulated their emotional reactions during those incidents...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283601/the-more-the-better-curvilinear-effects-of-job-autonomy-on-well-being-from-vitamin-model-and-pe-fit-theory-perspectives
#7
Barbara Stiglbauer, Carrie Kovacs
In organizational psychology research, autonomy is generally seen as a job resource with a monotone positive relationship with desired occupational outcomes such as well-being. However, both Warr's vitamin model and person-environment (PE) fit theory suggest that negative outcomes may result from excesses of some job resources, including autonomy. Thus, the current studies used survey methodology to explore cross-sectional relationships between environmental autonomy, person-environment autonomy (mis)fit, and well-being...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276640/organizational-ostracism-a-potential-framework-in-order-to-deal-with-it
#8
Mona Mlika, Mehdi Ben Khelil, Nidhal Haj Salem
Background: Organizational ostracism is defined as a violation of norms that we are suggested to acknowledge at the workplace. It results in the exclusion of one person or multiple persons, and causes damage to our innate need to belong. This kind of behaviorism can be engaged through a hierarchical or nonhierarchical relationship. Three elements interact in the framework of organizational ostracism: the actor, the target, and the institution. Our aim was to describe the different factors interacting with every element in order to produce recommendations targeting to prevent the occurrence of such behaviorism in an institution and to help targets of such a violence in order to handle this situation and go forward...
December 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261748/children-s-emotional-experience-two-years-after-an-earthquake-an-exploration-of-knowledge-of-earthquakes-and-associated-emotions
#9
Daniela Raccanello, Roberto Burro, Rob Hall
OBJECTIVES: We explored whether and how the exposure to a natural disaster such as the 2012 Emilia Romagna earthquake affected the development of children's emotional competence in terms of understanding, regulating, and expressing emotions, after two years, when compared with a control group not exposed to the earthquake. We also examined the role of class level and gender. METHOD: The sample included two groups of children (n = 127) attending primary school: The experimental group (n = 65) experienced the 2012 Emilia Romagna earthquake, while the control group (n = 62) did not...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259564/the-impact-of-school-climate-and-school-identification-on-academic-achievement-multilevel-modeling-with-student-and-teacher-data
#10
Sophie Maxwell, Katherine J Reynolds, Eunro Lee, Emina Subasic, David Bromhead
School climate is a leading factor in explaining student learning and achievement. Less work has explored the impact of both staff and student perceptions of school climate raising interesting questions about whether staff school climate experiences can add "value" to students' achievement. In the current research, multiple sources were integrated into a multilevel model, including staff self-reports, student self-reports, objective school records of academic achievement, and socio-economic demographics. Achievement was assessed using a national literacy and numeracy tests (N = 760 staff and 2,257 students from 17 secondary schools)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250013/occupations-at-risk-and-organizational-well-being-an-empirical-test-of-a-job-insecurity-integrated-model
#11
Antonio Chirumbolo, Flavio Urbini, Antonino Callea, Alessandro Lo Presti, Alessandra Talamo
One of the more visible effects of the societal changes is the increased feelings of uncertainty in the workforce. In fact, job insecurity represents a crucial occupational risk factor and a major job stressor that has negative consequences on both organizational well-being and individual health. Many studies have focused on the consequences about the fear and the perception of losing the job as a whole (called quantitative job insecurity), while more recently research has begun to examine more extensively the worries and the perceptions of losing valued job features (called qualitative job insecurity)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232536/enhancing-the-effectiveness-of-work-groups-and-teams-a-reflection
#12
Steve W J Kozlowski
Teamwork has been at the core of human accomplishment across the millennia, and it was a focus of social psychological inquiry on small group behavior for nearly half a century. However, as organizations world-wide reorganized work around teams over the past two decades, the nature of teamwork and factors influencing it became a central focus of research in organizational psychology and management. In this article, I reflect on the impetus, strategy, key features, and scientific contribution of "Enhancing the Effectiveness of Work Groups and Teams," by Kozlowski and Ilgen, a review monograph published in Psychological Science in the Public Interest in 2006...
December 1, 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230606/agreement-and-discrepancy-between-supervisor-and-clinician-alliance-associations-with-clinicians-perceptions-of-psychological-climate-and-emotional-exhaustion
#13
Jill Locke, Stephanie Violante, Michael D Pullmann, Suzanne E U Kerns, Nathaniel Jungbluth, Shannon Dorsey
Despite increasing interest in supervision as a leverage point for bolstering public mental health services, the potential influence of supervisory alliance on organizations and direct service providers remains understudied, particularly in the context of supporting evidence-based treatment (EBT) use. This study examined agreement and discrepancy between supervisor and clinician ratings of alliance associated with clinicians' perceptions of psychological climate and emotional exhaustion. Results indicated that discrepancies in alliance ratings were common and associated with clinicians' perceptions of psychological climate...
December 11, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223198/second-order-growth-mixture-modeling-in-organizational-psychology-an-application-in-the-study-of-job-performance-using-the-cusp-catastrophe-model
#14
Guido Alessandri, Enrico Perinelli, Evelina De Longis, Annalisa Theodorou
In recent years, research in organizational psychology has witnessed a shift in attention from a mostly variable-focused approach, to a mostly person-focused approach. Indeed, it has been widely recognized that the study of worker's heterogeneity is a meaningful and necessary task of researchers dealing with human behavior in organizational contexts. As a consequence, there has been growing interest in the application of statistical analyses able to uncover latent sub-groups of workers. The present contribution was conceived as a tutorial for the application of one of these statistical analyses, namely second-order growth mixture modeling, and to illustrate its inner links with concepts from non-linear dynamic models...
January 2018: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215909/caring-for-the-elderly-at-work-and-home-can-a-randomized-organizational-intervention-improve-psychological-health
#15
Ellen Ernst Kossek, Rebecca J Thompson, Katie M Lawson, Todd Bodner, Matthew B Perrigino, Leslie B Hammer, Orfeu M Buxton, David M Almeida, Phyllis Moen, David A Hurtado, Brad Wipfli, Lisa F Berkman, Jeremy W Bray
Although job stress models suggest that changing the work social environment to increase job resources improves psychological health, many intervention studies have weak designs and overlook influences of family caregiving demands. We tested the effects of an organizational intervention designed to increase supervisor social support for work and nonwork roles, and job control in a results-oriented work environment on the stress and psychological distress of health care employees who care for the elderly, while simultaneously considering their own family caregiving responsibilities...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204133/gratitude-in-organizations-a-contribution-for-healthy-organizational-contexts
#16
Annamaria Di Fabio, Letizia Palazzeschi, Ornella Bucci
This article reviews the construct of gratitude. Gratitude has been shown to be a fundamental resource for strengthening individual well-being. From a positive psychology perspective, gratitude is recognized as a promising opportunity for individuals because it can be enhanced through specific training according to a primary prevention framework. In organizations, gratitude is now thought to be crucial to employees' efficiency, success, and productivity while also improving organizational citizenship behaviors, prosocial organizational behavior, and the organizational climate...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194334/creativity-and-innovation-in-health-care-tapping-into-organizational-enablers-through-human-centered-design
#17
Christi Dining Zuber, Louise Moody
There is an increasing drive in health care for creativity and innovation to tackle key health challenges, improve quality and access, and reduce harm and costs. Human-centered design (HCD) is a potential approach to achieving organizational innovation. However, research suggests the nursing workforce feels unsupported to take the risks needed for innovation, and leaders may not understand the conditions required to fully support them. The aim of this study was to identify enabling conditions that support frontline nurses in their attempts to behave as champions of innovation and change...
January 2018: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193701/perceived-infection-prevention-climate-and-its-predictors-among-nurses-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Paolo C Colet, Jonas Preposi Cruz, Gabby Cacho, Hikmet Al-Qubeilat, Shiela S Soriano, Charlie P Cruz
PURPOSE: This study investigated the staff nurses' perception of the infection prevention climate and its predictors in two hospitals. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study employing a convenience sample of 224 staff nurses at two general hospitals in Riyadh province. METHODS: The study utilized a two-part questionnaire that captures respondents' characteristics and the validated tool on Leading a Culture of Quality for Infection Prevention (LCQ-IP)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189626/organizational-learning-in-an-orthopaedic-unit-a-learning-history
#19
Bret Lyman, Lindsey Shaw, Carly Moore
The purpose of this study was to explore organizational learning in an orthopaedic hospital unit. Skill in organizational learning is necessary to achieve high reliability in a dynamic healthcare environment, yet organizational learning in hospital units is not well understood. A learning history was conducted with a high-performing orthopaedic unit. Findings were interpreted in the context of a previous learning history conducted with a critical care unit. Despite contextual differences, each unit progressed through the same four developmental stages to achieve its current state of high reliability...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184582/challenges-of-nurses-empowerment-in-the-management-of-patient-aggression-a-qualitative-study
#20
Tahereh Ramezani, Sakineh Gholamzadeh, Camellia Torabizadeh, Farkhondeh Sharif, Laaya Ahmadzadeh
Background: Patients' aggression in the mental care setting is a global health problem with major psychological, physical, and economic consequences; nurse empowerment to manage this aggressive behavior is an important step in psychiatric nursing. The aim of this study was to explore psychiatric nurses' experiences of the challenges of empowerment in the management of patients' aggression. Materials and Methods: This qualitative study was performed among 20 nurses working in a major referral psychiatric center in Iran during 2014-2016...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
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