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organizational psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895699/resilience-and-burnout-status-among-nurses-working-in-oncology
#1
Sevinc Kutluturkan, Elif Sozeri, Nese Uysal, Figen Bay
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the resilience and burnout status of nurses working in the field of oncology. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted with 140 oncology nurses. The data were collected using a socio-demographic attributes form, Resilience Scale for Adults, and the Maslach's Burnout Inventory. Percentage ratios, mean and median values, Kruskal-Wallis test, Mann-Whitney U test, correlation analysis, and multiple stepwise linear regression analysis were used to evaluate the data...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893258/the-rich-get-richer-and-the-poor-get-poorer-country-and-state-level-income-inequality-moderates-the-job-insecurity-burnout-relationship
#2
Lixin Jiang, Tahira M Probst
Despite the prevalence of income inequality in today's society, research on the implications of income inequality for organizational research is scant. This study takes the first step to explore the contextual role of national- and state- level income inequality as a moderator in the relationship between individual-level job insecurity (JI) and burnout. Drawing from conservation of resource (COR) theory, we argue that income inequality at the country-level and state-level threatens one's obtainment of object (i...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893254/dynamic-interplay-between-merger-process-justice-and-cognitive-trust-in-top-management-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Janne Kaltiainen, Jukka Lipponen, Brian C Holtz
This study examines two fundamental concerns in the context of organizational change: employees' perceptions of merger process justice and cognitive trust in the top management team. Our main purpose is to better understand the nature of reciprocal relations between these important constructs through a significant change event. Previous research, building mainly on social exchange theory, has framed trust as a consequence of justice perceptions. More recently, scholars have suggested that this view may be overly simplistic and that trust-related cognitions may also represent an important antecedent of justice perceptions...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878849/leading-change-a-concept-analysis
#4
Heather V Nelson-Brantley, Debra J Ford
AIM: To report an analysis of the concept of leading change. BACKGROUND: Nurses have been called to lead change to advance the health of individuals, populations and systems. Conceptual clarity about leading change in the context of nursing and healthcare systems provides an empirical direction for future research and theory development that can advance the science of leadership studies in nursing. DESIGN: Concept analysis. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, PubMed, PsycINFO, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection, Health Business Elite and Business Source Premier databases were searched using the terms: leading change, transformation, reform, leadership and change...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868437/can-we-address-depression-in-vision-rehabilitation-settings-professionals-perspectives-on-the-barriers-to-integrating-problem-solving-treatment
#5
Edith Holloway, Bonnie Sturrock, Ecosse Lamoureux, Jill Keeffe, Mark Hegel, Robin Casten, David Mellor, Gwyneth Rees
PURPOSE: Low vision rehabilitation (LVR) is a pertinent context for integrating early, evidence-based psychological interventions given the high prevalence of untreated depression in adults with vision impairment. This study aims to identify the perceived barriers and facilitators to staff-delivered telephone-based problem-solving treatment for primary care (PST-PC) offered as an integrated component of LVR. METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured interviews, developed using the theoretical domains framework (TDF) and Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR), were conducted with 21 LVR professionals and a clinical psychologist involved in the delivery of PST-PC...
November 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859407/empowerment-praxis-community-organizing-to-redress-systemic-health-disparities
#6
Jason A Douglas, Cheryl T Grills, Sandra Villanueva, Andrew M Subica
Social and environmental determinants of childhood obesity present a public health dilemma, particularly in low-income communities of color. Case studies of two community-based organizations participating in the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Communities Creating Healthy Environments (CCHE) childhood obesity initiative demonstrate multilevel, culturally situated community organizing strategies to address the root causes of this public health disparity. Informed by a 3-lens prescription-Social Justice, Culture-Place, and Organizational Capacity-contained in the CCHE Change Model and Evaluation Frame, we present examples of individual, organizational, and community empowerment to redress systemic inequities that manifest in poor health outcomes for people of color...
November 9, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833209/influence-of-sex-steroid-hormones-on-the-adolescent-brain-and-behavior-an-update
#7
Pilar Vigil, Juan Pablo Del Río, BÁrbara Carrera, Florencia C ArÁnguiz, Hernán Rioseco, Manuel E Cortés
This review explains the main effects exerted by sex steroids and other hormones on the adolescent brain. During the transition from puberty to adolescence, these hormones participate in the organizational phenomena that structurally shape some brain circuits. In adulthood, this will propitiate some specific behavior as responses to the hormones now activating those neural circuits. Adolescence is, then, a critical "organizational window" for the brain to develop adequately, since steroid hormones perform important functions at this stage...
August 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826274/learning-climate-and-job-performance-among-health-workers-a-pilot-study
#8
Michela Cortini, Monica Pivetti, Sara Cervai
This paper will explore if and how psychological strain plays a mediator role between the learning climate and job performance in a group of health workers. Although the relationship between learning climate and job performance has already been explored in the international literature, the role of psychological strain, which may hamper or deepen this relationship, has yet to be investigated. The research hypothesis is that psychological strain mediates the relationship between the climate toward learning (including also the error avoidance climate) and job performance...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819464/toward-validation-of-a-structural-approach-to-conceptualizing-psychopathology-a-special-section-of-the-journal-of-abnormal-psychology
#9
Robert F Krueger, Jennifer L Tackett, Angus MacDonald
Traditionally, psychopathology has been conceptualized in terms of polythetic categories derived from committee deliberations and enshrined in authoritative psychiatric nosologies-most notably the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013). As the limitations of this form of classification have become evident, empirical data have been increasingly relied upon to investigate the structure of psychopathology. These efforts have borne fruit in terms of an increasingly consistent set of psychopathological constructs closely connected with similar personality constructs...
November 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811590/triggers-contributing-to-health-care-clinicians-disruptive-behaviors
#10
Sung-Heui Bae, Deborah Dang, Karen A Karlowicz, Miyong T Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study's objective was to explore the possible triggers of clinicians' disruptive behavior and to consider whether the type of trigger resulting in disruptive behavior differed by type of clinician, clinician characteristics, professional role, and ethnic background. METHODS: Using data collected from 1559 clinicians working at an urban academic medical center in the United States, we examined intrapersonal, interpersonal, and organizational triggers...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808560/evidence-based-psychological-assessment
#11
Robert F Bornstein
In recent years there has been increasing emphasis on evidence-based practice in psychology (EBPP), and as is true in most health care professions, the primary focus of EBPP has been on treatment. Comparatively little attention has been devoted to applying the principles of EBPP to psychological assessment, despite the fact that assessment plays a central role in myriad domains of empirical and applied psychology (e.g., research, forensics, behavioral health, risk management, diagnosis and classification in mental health settings, documentation of neuropsychological impairment and recovery, personnel selection and placement in organizational contexts)...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796914/implementation-science-and-employer-disability-practices-embedding-implementation-factors-in-research-designs
#12
Chris J Main, Michael K Nicholas, William S Shaw, Lois E Tetrick, Mark G Ehrhart, Glenn Pransky
Purpose For work disability research to have an impact on employer policies and practices it is important for such research to acknowledge and incorporate relevant aspects of the workplace. The goal of this article is to summarize recent theoretical and methodological advances in the field of Implementation Science, relate these to research of employer disability management practices, and recommend future research priorities. Methods The authors participated in a year-long collaboration culminating in an invited 3-day conference, "Improving Research of Employer Practices to Prevent Disability", held October 14-16, 2015, in Hopkinton, MA, USA...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786498/a-dual-stage-moderated-mediation-model-linking-authoritarian-leadership-to-follower-outcomes
#13
John M Schaubroeck, Yimo Shen, Sinhui Chong
Although authoritarian leadership is viewed pejoratively in the literature, in general it is not strongly related to important follower outcomes. We argue that relationships between authoritarian leadership and individual employee outcomes are mediated by perceived insider status, yet in different ways depending on work unit power distance climate and individual role breadth self-efficacy. Results from technology company employees in China largely supported our hypothesized model. We observed negative indirect effects of authoritarian leadership on job performance, affective organizational commitment, and intention to stay among employees in units with relatively low endorsement of power distance, whereas the indirect relationships were not significant among employees in relatively high power distance units...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770306/factors-supporting-the-employment-of-young-adults-peer-providers-perspectives-of-peers-and-supervisors
#14
Jonathan Delman, Vanessa V Klodnick
Peer providers are a promising practice for transition-age youth community mental health treatment engagement and support, yet little is known about the experience of being a young adult peer provider or what helps to make an individual in this role successful. Utilizing a capital theory lens, this study uses data from focus groups (two with young adult peer providers and two with their supervisors) to examine facilitators of young adult peer provider success in community mental health treatment settings. Eight factors were identified as critical to young adult peer provider on-the-job success: persistence, job confidence, resilience, job training, skilled communications with colleagues, regular and individualized supervision, support from colleagues, and family support...
October 22, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756800/moving-toward-improved-teamwork-in-cancer-care-the-role-of-psychological-safety-in-team-communication
#15
Anshu K Jain, Mary L Fennell, Anees B Chagpar, Hannah K Connolly, Ingrid M Nembhard
Effective communication is a requirement in the teamwork necessary for improved coordination to deliver patient-centered, value-based cancer care. Communication is particularly important when care providers are geographically distributed or work across organizations. We review organizational and teams research on communication to highlight psychological safety as a key determinant of high-quality communication within teams. We first present the concept of psychological safety, findings about its communication effects for teamwork, and factors that affect it...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732008/job-demands-resources-theory-taking-stock-and-looking-forward
#16
Arnold B Bakker, Evangelia Demerouti
The job demands-resources (JD-R) model was introduced in the international literature 15 years ago (Demerouti, Bakker, Nachreiner, & Schaufeli, 2001). The model has been applied in thousands of organizations and has inspired hundreds of empirical articles, including 1 of the most downloaded articles of the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology (Bakker, Demerouti, & Euwema, 2005). This article provides evidence for the buffering role of various job resources on the impact of various job demands on burnout...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725562/organizational-climate-with-gender-equity-and-burnout-among-university-academics-in-japan
#17
Fumiaki Taka, Kyoko Nomura, Saki Horie, Keisuke Takemoto, Masumi Takeuchi, Shinichi Takenoshita, Aya Murakami, Haruko Hiraike, Hiroko Okinaga, Derek R Smith
We investigated relationships between the perception of organizational climate with gender equity and psychological health among 94 women and 211 men in a Japanese private university in 2015 using the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (i.e., personal, work-related and student-related burnout). Perceptions of organizational climate with respect to gender equity were measured with two scales including organizational engagement with a gender equal society in the workplace (consisting of three domains of 'Women utilization', 'Organizational promotion of gender equal society' and 'Consultation service'); and a gender inequality in academia scale that had been previously developed...
October 1, 2016: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708502/methodological-considerations-in-the-use-of-audio-diaries-in-work-psychology-adding-to-the-qualitative-toolkit
#18
Sarah E Crozier, Catherine M Cassell
: The use of longitudinal methodology as a means of capturing the intricacies in complex organizational phenomena is well documented, and many different research strategies for longitudinal designs have been put forward from both a qualitative and quantitative stance. This study explores a specific emergent qualitative methodology, audio diaries, and assesses their utility for work psychology research drawing on the findings from a four-stage study addressing transient working patterns and stress in UK temporary workers...
June 2016: Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703965/occupational-practitioner-s-role-in-the-management-of-a-crisis-lessons-learned-from-the-paris-november-2015-terrorist-attack
#19
Alexis Descatha, Alice Huynh Tuong, Pierre Coninx, Michel Baer, Thomas Loeb, Thomas Despréaux
In massive catastrophic events, occupational health practitioners are more and more frequently involved in the management of such situations. We aim to describe the multiple aspects of the role that occupational health practitioners might play, by focusing on the recent example of the Paris terrorist attack of November 2015. During and after the Paris attack, occupational practitioners, in collaboration with emergency and security professionals, were involved in psychological care, assembling information, follow-up, return-to-work, and improving in-company safety plans...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693528/inequality-dynamics-in-the-workplace-among-microbiologists-and-infectious-disease-specialists-a-qualitative-study-in-five-european-countries
#20
Angela Huttner, Marina Cacace, Luciano d'Andrea, Chrysanthi Skevaki, Dan Otelea, Francesca Pugliese, Evelina Tacconelli
OBJECTIVES: In this qualitative study we explore the social, cultural, psychological, and organizational factors associated with inequality in the workplace among clinical microbiologists (CM) and infectious disease (ID) specialists in European hospitals. METHODS: We analysed data from 52 interviews and five focus groups involving 82 CM/ID specialists selected from university, research or community hospitals in five countries, one each in Northern, Western, Eastern, Southeastern, and Southwestern Europe...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
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