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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346740/role-of-the-diabetes-educator-in-inpatient-diabetes-management
#1
(no author information available yet)
It is the position of American Association of Diabetes Educators (AADE) that all inpatient interdisciplinary teams include a diabetes educator to lead or support improvement efforts that affect patients hospitalized with diabetes or hyperglycemia. This not only encompasses patient and family education but education of interdisciplinary team members and achievement of diabetes-related organizational quality metrics and performance outcomes.
February 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346370/structure-function-and-control-of-the-human-musculoskeletal-network
#2
Andrew C Murphy, Sarah F Muldoon, David Baker, Adam Lastowka, Brittany Bennett, Muzhi Yang, Danielle S Bassett
The human body is a complex organism, the gross mechanical properties of which are enabled by an interconnected musculoskeletal network controlled by the nervous system. The nature of musculoskeletal interconnection facilitates stability, voluntary movement, and robustness to injury. However, a fundamental understanding of this network and its control by neural systems has remained elusive. Here we address this gap in knowledge by utilizing medical databases and mathematical modeling to reveal the organizational structure, predicted function, and neural control of the musculoskeletal system...
January 2018: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346226/preparing-physiotherapy-students-for-clinical-placement-student-perceptions-of-low-cost-peer-simulation-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Narelle Dalwood, Stephen Maloney, Narelle Cox, Prue Morgan
INTRODUCTION: Simulation is increasingly used in health care education, yet the organizational and financial costs can be prohibitive. This study aimed to investigate whether peer simulation is perceived by third-year undergraduate physiotherapy students as valuable for clinical placement preparation. METHODS: Third-year undergraduate physiotherapy students participated in a 9-week peer simulation program, using each other as patients, and were invited to complete two surveys evaluating perceptions of the program...
January 17, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345481/the-influence-of-low-barrier-and-voluntary-service-policies-on-survivor-empowerment-in-a-domestic-violence-housing-organization
#4
Nkiru Nnawulezi, Surbhi Godsay, Cris M Sullivan, Suzanne Marcus, Margaret Hacskaylo
The purpose of community-based domestic violence crisis housing programs (e.g., shelters) is to provide a safe setting that promotes empowerment for survivors of intimate partner violence. For staff to reach this aim, the program must have formal structures and processes in place to support such efforts. This study explored how low-barrier and voluntary service policies influenced staff practices and survivor empowerment. Low-barrier policies require that programs remove barriers that prevent survivors, particularly those who have mental health concerns and/or addictions, from being able to access services...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345214/deciding-to-adopt-revised-and-new-psychological-and-neuropsychological-tests-an-inter-organizational-position-paper
#5
Shane S Bush, Jerry J Sweet, Kevin J Bianchini, Doug Johnson-Greene, Pamela M Dean, Mike R Schoenberg
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychological tests undergo periodic revision intended to improve psychometric properties, normative data, relevance of stimuli, and ease of administration. In addition, new tests are developed to evaluate psychological and neuropsychological constructs, often purporting to improve evaluation effectiveness. However, there is limited professional guidance to neuropsychologists concerning the decision to adopt a revised version of a test and/or replace an older test with a new test purporting to measure the same or overlapping constructs...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344004/perceived-organizational-support-and-moral-distress-among-nurses
#6
Navideh Robaee, Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh, Tahereh Ashktorab, Ahmadreza Baghestani, Maasoumeh Barkhordari-Sharifabad
Background: Moral distress is prevalent in the health care environment at different levels. Nurses in all roles and positions are exposed to ethically challenging conditions. Development of supportive climates in organizations may drive nurses towards coping moral distress and other related factors. This study aimed at determining the level of perceived organizational support and moral distress among nurses and investigating the relationship between the two variables. Methods: This was a correlational-descriptive study...
2018: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343630/emergence-and-dynamics-of-self-producing-information-niches-as-a-step-towards-pre-evolutionary-organization
#7
Richard J Carter, Karoline Wiesner, Stephen Mann
As a step towards understanding pre-evolutionary organization in non-genetic systems, we develop a model to investigate the emergence and dynamics of proto-autopoietic networks in an interacting population of simple information processing entities (automata). Our simulations indicate that dynamically stable strongly connected networks of mutually producing communication channels emerge under specific environmental conditions. We refer to these distinct organizational steady states as information niches In each case, we measure the information content by the Shannon entropy, and determine the fitness landscape, robustness and transition pathways for information niches subjected to intermittent environmental perturbations under non-evolutionary conditions...
January 2018: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340895/confirming-the-tripartite-structure-of-the-duke-university-religion-index-a-methodological-approach
#8
John W Lace, Paul J Handal
The present study provided a methodological critique regarding psychometric investigations of the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL) and its variants. Nine hundred seventeen (630 females and 287 males) university students (M age = 19.24) completed the DUREL, the Personal Religious Inventory, and the Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale online. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed to assess a three-factor (organizational religious activity; non-organizational religious activity; and intrinsic religiosity) and a unidimensional model of the DUREL...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340512/articulation-between-health-services-and-indigenous-medicine-anthropological-reflections-on-policies-and-reality-in-brazil
#9
Esther Jean Langdon, Luiza Garnelo
This paper contributes to the dialogue between the social sciences and social medicine in Latin America by exploring therapeutic pluralism in indigenous health policies and services in Brazil. It reviews recent anthropological research, concepts and current debates to critically examine Brazilian indigenous health policy and its concept of "differentiated care," which proposes articulation between official health practices and indigenous therapies. A number of contradictions and tensions are present in the structural organizational of the indigenous health subsystem at the national level and in the daily practices of health teams at the local level...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339348/evaluation-criteria-of-noninvasive-telemonitoring-for-patients-with-heart-failure-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Troskah Farnia, Marie-Christine Jaulent, Olivier Steichen
BACKGROUND: Telemonitoring can improve heart failure (HF) management, but there is no standardized evaluation framework to comprehensively evaluate its impact. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to list the criteria used in published evaluations of noninvasive HF telemonitoring projects, describe how they are used in the evaluation studies, and organize them into a consistent scheme. METHODS: Articles published from January 1990 to August 2015 were obtained through MEDLINE, Web of Science, and EMBASE...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338989/relations-between-self-reported-and-linguistic-monitoring-assessments-of-affective-experience-in-an-extreme-environment
#11
Nathan Smith
INTRODUCTION: Approaches for monitoring psychosocial health in challenging environments are needed to maintain the performance and safety of personnel. The purpose of the present research was to examine the relationship between 2 candidate methods (self-reported and linguistics) for monitoring affective experience during extreme environment activities. METHODS: A single-subject repeated-measures design was used in the present work. The participant was a 46-year-old individual scheduled to complete a self-supported ski expedition across Arctic Greenland...
January 12, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338459/an-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-approach-to-transform-heart-failure-care-an-overview
#12
Brenda K Zierler, Erin Abu-Rish Blakeney, Kevin D O'Brien, Ipcp Heart Failure Teams
Interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) approaches to health care are increasingly recognized as necessary to achieve the Triple Aim-improved health of the population, improved patient care experience, and improved affordability of care. This paper introduces and provides an overview of an interprofessional intervention to improve a healthcare team, healthcare system, and patient outcomes for hospitalized patients with heart failure. In this paper, we describe the overall project resulting from a workforce training grant and the proposed series of future papers resulting from the interprofessional intervention...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335831/quality-of-inter-hospital-transportation-in-431-transport-survivor-patients-suffering-from-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-referred-to-specialist-centers
#13
Sebastian Blecha, Frank Dodoo-Schittko, Susanne Brandstetter, Magdalena Brandl, Michael Dittmar, Bernhard M Graf, Christian Karagiannidis, Christian Apfelbacher, Thomas Bein
BACKGROUND: The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening condition. In special situations, these critically ill patients must be transferred to specialized centers for escalating treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of inter-hospital transport (IHT) of ARDS patients. METHODS: We evaluated medical and organizational aspects of structural and procedural quality relating to IHT of patients with ARDS in a prospective nationwide ARDS study...
January 15, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335745/-health-privacy-in-the-age-of-digital-networks
#14
REVIEW
Thilo Weichert
Digitization in the health sector embodies opportunities and risks. These consist of patient and data confidentiality. Vulnerability of data concerning integrity and availability can lead to financial losses and to damage of the health of data subjects. Those risks must be tackled by privacy or data protection law. For this purpose we have the European Data Protection Regulation as a comprehensive legal framework and a harmonizing bracket.This framework contains regulations on consent, purpose binding and data transfer, on rights of the data subject, technical and organizational measures and procedural arrangements...
January 15, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335035/innovating-dementia-care-implementing-characteristics-of-green-care-farms-in-other-long-term-care-settings
#15
Yvette Buist, Hilde Verbeek, Bram de Boer, Simone R de Bruin
BACKGROUND: People with dementia at green care farms (GCFs) are physically more active, have more social interactions, are involved in a larger variety of activities, and come outdoors more often than those in other long-term dementia care settings. These aspects may positively affect health and well-being. This study explored which and how characteristics of GCFs could be implemented in other long-term dementia care settings, taking into account possible facilitators and barriers. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 23 professionals from GCFs, independent small-scale long-term care facilities, and larger scale long-term care facilities in the Netherlands...
January 16, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333898/the-physical-health-of-individuals-receiving-antipsychotic-medication-a-qualitative-inquiry-on-experiences-and-needs
#16
Angela M Cocoman, Mary Casey
Individuals with a mental illness are reported to have a reduced life expectancy and a greater risk of being affected by preventable physical illnesses such as cardiovascular disease and Type 2 diabetes. This inquiry sought to identify the physical health beliefs, experiences and needs of individuals with mental health problems in receipt of antipsychotic medication who live in the community. A qualitative inquiry was undertaken using three focus groups in a community mental health service in Ireland with 21 participants with mental health problems who were treated with antipsychotic medication...
January 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331655/what-makes-it-so-difficult-for-nurses-to-coach-patients-in-shared-decision-making-a-process-evaluation
#17
Stephanie Anna Lenzen, Ramon Daniëls, Marloes Amantia van Bokhoven, Trudy van der Weijden, Anna Beurskens
BACKGROUND: Primary care nurses play a crucial role in coaching patients in shared decision making about goals and actions. This presents a challenge to practice nurses, who are frequently used to protocol-based working routines. Therefore, an approach was developed to support nurses to coach patients in shared decision making. OBJECTIVES: To investigate how the approach was implemented and experienced by practice nurses and patients. DESIGN: A process evaluation was conducted using quantitative and qualitative methods...
December 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331504/a-systematic-review-of-health-care-provider-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-routine-hiv-testing-in-primary-care-settings-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#18
Kelly Tan, Beth Perry Black
Despite efforts to improve HIV screening and testing, many primary care settings do not follow established guidelines. The purpose of our systematic review was to describe health care providers' perceived barriers and facilitators to testing for HIV at poorly used/novel testing sites in the southeastern United States. PubMed, CINAHL, and Embase databases were searched for peer-reviewed studies of providers' perceived barriers and facilitators to routine HIV testing from January 2016 to April 2017 according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement...
December 27, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330762/how-honest-are-the-signals-a-protocol-for-validating-wearable-sensors
#19
Varol Onur Kayhan, Zheng Chris Chen, Kimberly A French, Tammy D Allen, Kristen Salomon, Alison Watkins
There is growing interest among organizational researchers in tapping into alternative sources of data beyond self-reports to provide a new avenue for measuring behavioral constructs. Use of alternative data sources such as wearable sensors is necessary for developing theory and enhancing organizational practice. Although wearable sensors are now commercially available, the veracity of the data they capture is largely unknown and mostly based on manufacturers' claims. The goal of this research is to test the validity and reliability of data captured by one such wearable badge (by Humanyze) in the context of structured meetings where all individuals wear a badge for the duration of the encounter...
January 12, 2018: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330697/implementation-of-dialectical-behavior-therapy-in-residential-treatment-programs-a-process-evaluation-model-for-a-community-based-agency
#20
Amber M Holbrook, Susan R Hunt, Mary Renata See
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) can be challenging to implement in community-based settings. Little guidance is available on models to evaluate the effectiveness or sustainability of training and implementation efforts. Residential programs have much to gain from introduction of evidence-based practices, but present their own challenges in implementation. This paper presents a low-cost process evaluation model to assess DBT training piloted in residential programs. The model targets staff and organizational factors associated with successful implementation of evidence-based practices and matches data collection to the four stages of the DBT training model...
January 12, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
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