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Industrial psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933011/psychological-restoration-can-depend-on-stimulus-source-attribution-a-challenge-for-the-evolutionary-account
#1
Andreas Haga, Niklas Halin, Mattias Holmgren, Patrik Sörqvist
Visiting or viewing nature environments can have restorative psychological effects, while exposure to the built environment typically has less positive effects. A classic view is that this difference in restorative potential of nature and built environments depends on differences in the intrinsic characteristics of the stimuli. In addition, an evolutionary account is often assumed whereby restoration is believed to be a hardwired response to nature's stimulus-features. Here, we propose the novel hypothesis that the restorative effects of a stimulus do not entirely depend on the stimulus-features per se, but also on the meaning that people assign to the stimulus...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929324/hither-and-thither-how-do-we-innovate
#2
Robert G Frank
The Dembo-Wright Lecture provided a forum to discuss how innovation occurs in general and in rehabilitation psychology. The 21st Century will rely upon the creation and enhancement of knowledge. Universities, industries and professional disciplines are challenged to develop models that nurture their development of knowledge jobs that create new systems or products. A new model of nurturing innovation: The Rainforest, relies upon creating ecosystems that bring together and support the critical groups allowing instances that propel spontaneous growth of sustainable enterprises...
December 8, 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924241/sleep-and-fatigue-among-seafarers-the-role-of-environmental-stressors-duration-at-sea-and-psychological-capital
#3
Sigurd W Hystad, Jarle Eid
BACKGROUND: Seafaring is an inherently stressful environment. Because working time and leisure time is spent in the same confined environment for a prolonged period of time, many stressors present in seafaring can also be conceived of as chronic. We explored the effects of duration at sea, seafaring experience, environmental stressors, and psychological capital (PsyCap) on the sleep quality and fatigue of seafarers. PsyCap is a construct that draws upon ideas from positive psychology and positive organizational behavior, and is intended to capture an individual's psychological capacities that can be developed and utilized for performance improvements...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918474/hazard-management-dealt-by-safety-professionals-in-colleges-the-impact-of-individual-factors
#4
Tsung-Chih Wu, Chi-Hsiang Chen, Nai-Wen Yi, Pei-Chen Lu, Shan-Chi Yu, Chien-Peng Wang
Identifying, evaluating, and controlling workplace hazards are important functions of safety professionals (SPs). The purpose of this study was to investigate the content and frequency of hazard management dealt by safety professionals in colleges. The authors also explored the effects of organizational factors/individual factors on SPs' perception of frequency of hazard management. The researchers conducted survey research to achieve the objective of this study. The researchers mailed questionnaires to 200 SPs in colleges after simple random sampling, then received a total of 144 valid responses (response rate = 72%)...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918178/a-practical-guide-to-big-data-research-in-psychology
#5
Eric Evan Chen, Sean P Wojcik
The massive volume of data that now covers a wide variety of human behaviors offers researchers in psychology an unprecedented opportunity to conduct innovative theory- and data-driven field research. This article is a practical guide to conducting big data research, covering data management, acquisition, processing, and analytics (including key supervised and unsupervised learning data mining methods). It is accompanied by walkthrough tutorials on data acquisition, text analysis with latent Dirichlet allocation topic modeling, and classification with support vector machines...
December 2016: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904610/effects-of-air-pollution-on-human-health-and-practical-measures-for-prevention-in-iran
#6
REVIEW
Adel Ghorani-Azam, Bamdad Riahi-Zanjani, Mahdi Balali-Mood
Air pollution is a major concern of new civilized world, which has a serious toxicological impact on human health and the environment. It has a number of different emission sources, but motor vehicles and industrial processes contribute the major part of air pollution. According to the World Health Organization, six major air pollutants include particle pollution, ground-level ozone, carbon monoxide, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, and lead. Long and short term exposure to air suspended toxicants has a different toxicological impact on human including respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, neuropsychiatric complications, the eyes irritation, skin diseases, and long-term chronic diseases such as cancer...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885037/the-psychologist-the-psychoanalyst-and-the-extraordinary-child-in-postwar-british-science-fiction
#7
Laura Tisdall
A sudden influx of portrayals of 'extraordinary children' emerged in British science fiction after the Second World War. Such children both violated and confirmed the new set of expectations about ordinary childhood that emerged from the findings of developmental psychologists around the same time. Previous work on extraordinary children in both science fiction and horror has tended to confine the phenomenon to an 'evil child boom' within the American filmmaking industry in the 1970s. This article suggests that a much earlier trend is visible in British postwar science fiction texts, analysing a cluster of novels that emerged in the 1950s: Arthur C...
December 2016: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871301/an-innovative-and-collaborative-partnership-between-patients-with-rare-disease-and-industry-supported-registries-the-global-ahus-registry
#8
REVIEW
Len Woodward, Sally Johnson, Johan Vande Walle, Joran Beck, Christoph Gasteyger, Christoph Licht, Gema Ariceta
BACKGROUND: Patients are becoming increasingly involved in research which can promote innovation through novel ideas, support patient-centred actions, and facilitate drug development. For rare diseases, registries that collect data from patients can increase knowledge of the disease's natural history, evaluate clinical therapies, monitor drug safety, and measure quality of care. The active participation of patients is expected to optimise rare-disease management and improve patient outcomes...
November 21, 2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831717/it-s-complicated-examining-smokers-relationships-with-their-cigarette-brands
#9
Sarah E Johnson, Blair N Coleman, Carol L Schmitt
Despite increased restrictions and taxes, decreased social acceptability, and widespread awareness of the harms of tobacco use, many in the U.S. continue to smoke cigarettes. Thus, understanding smokers' attitudes and motivations remains an important goal. This study adopts the consumer psychology concept of brand relationship to provide a new lens through which to examine smokers' attitudes about their cigarette use. Twelve focus groups (N = 143) were conducted with adult cigarette smokers from September to November, 2013...
November 10, 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799415/australia-s-economic-transition-unemployment-suicide-and-mental-health-needs
#10
Nicholas Myles, Matthew Large, Hannah Myles, Robert Adams, Dennis Liu, Cherrie Galletly
OBJECTIVE: There have been substantial changes in workforce and employment patterns in Australia over the past 50 years as a result of economic globalisation. This has resulted in substantial reduction in employment in the manufacturing industry often with large-scale job losses in concentrated sectors and communities. Large-scale job loss events receive significant community attention. To what extent these mass unemployment events contribute to increased psychological distress, mental illness and suicide in affected individuals warrants further consideration...
October 30, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799406/alcohol-consumption-in-the-australian-coal-mining-industry
#11
Ross J Tynan, Robyn Considine, John Wiggers, Terry J Lewin, Carole James, Kerry Inder, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Amanda L Baker, Jaelea Skehan, David Perkins, Brian J Kelly
OBJECTIVES: To investigate patterns of alcohol use within the coal mining industry, and associations with the personal, social, workplace and employment characteristics. DESIGN: 8 mine sites across 3 eastern Australian states were surveyed, selected to encompass key geographic characteristics (accessibility and remoteness) and mine type (open cut and underground). Problematic alcohol use was measured using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) to determine: (1) overall risky or hazardous drinking behaviour; and (2) frequency of single-occasion drinking (6 or more drinks on 1 occasion)...
October 31, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796914/implementation-science-and-employer-disability-practices-embedding-implementation-factors-in-research-designs
#12
Chris J Main, Michael K Nicholas, William S Shaw, Lois E Tetrick, Mark G Ehrhart, Glenn Pransky
Purpose For work disability research to have an impact on employer policies and practices it is important for such research to acknowledge and incorporate relevant aspects of the workplace. The goal of this article is to summarize recent theoretical and methodological advances in the field of Implementation Science, relate these to research of employer disability management practices, and recommend future research priorities. Methods The authors participated in a year-long collaboration culminating in an invited 3-day conference, "Improving Research of Employer Practices to Prevent Disability", held October 14-16, 2015, in Hopkinton, MA, USA...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789756/alcohol-advertising-and-public-health-systems-perspectives-versus-narrow-perspectives
#13
M Petticrew, I Shemilt, T Lorenc, T M Marteau, G J Melendez-Torres, A O'Mara-Eves, K Stautz, J Thomas
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption is influenced by a complex causal system of interconnected psychological, behavioural, social, economic, legal and environmental factors. These factors are shaped by governments (eg, licensing laws and taxation), by consumers (eg, patterns of alcohol consumption drive demand) and by alcohol industry practices, such as advertising. The marketing and advertising of alcoholic products contributes to an 'alcogenic environment' and is a modifiable influence on alcohol consumption and harm...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715903/older-women-s-negative-psychological-and-physical-experiences-with-injectable-cosmetic-treatments-to-the-face
#14
Sandi Berwick, Áine Humble
Seven women (43 to 64 years old) who had negative or mixed emotions about having Botox and/or facial filler injections to the face to reduce signs of aging were interviewed about the impact of the procedures. Impacts ranged from disappointment to all-encompassing, lingering physical and psychological effects, and some women felt abandoned by the medical industrial complex when they turned to it for help with their symptoms. A feminist phenomenological analysis focused on corporeal, temporal, and relational existential modes of being...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Women & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715500/self-reported-occupational-injuries-among-industrial-beef-slaughterhouse-workers-in-the-midwestern-united-states
#15
Jessica H Leibler, Melissa J Perry
Although workers in meatpacking facilities in the United States experience high rates of occupational injury, their injury experiences have received limited research attention. Prior research indicates underreporting in injury rates in this industry as well significant variation in injury rates among facilities. To add detail to the rates and circumstances surrounding occupational injury among meatpacking workers, we conducted a cross-sectional study of workers employed at an industrial beefpacking plant in Nebraska, United States (n = 137) and interviewed workers about recent injury experiences...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703965/occupational-practitioner-s-role-in-the-management-of-a-crisis-lessons-learned-from-the-paris-november-2015-terrorist-attack
#16
Alexis Descatha, Alice Huynh Tuong, Pierre Coninx, Michel Baer, Thomas Loeb, Thomas Despréaux
In massive catastrophic events, occupational health practitioners are more and more frequently involved in the management of such situations. We aim to describe the multiple aspects of the role that occupational health practitioners might play, by focusing on the recent example of the Paris terrorist attack of November 2015. During and after the Paris attack, occupational practitioners, in collaboration with emergency and security professionals, were involved in psychological care, assembling information, follow-up, return-to-work, and improving in-company safety plans...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703369/multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-cerebral-palsy-improving-long-term-care
#17
Antonio Trabacca, Teresa Vespino, Antonella Di Liddo, Luigi Russo
Cerebral palsy (CP) is one of the most frequent causes of child disability in developed countries. Children with CP need lifelong assistance and care. The current prevalence of CP in industrialized countries ranges from 1.5 to 2.5 per 1,000 live births, with one new case every 500 live births. Children with CP have an almost normal life expectancy and mortality is very low. Despite the low mortality rate, 5%-10% of them die during childhood, especially when the severe motor disability is comorbid with epilepsy and severe intellectual disability...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701890/contribution-of-military-psychology-in-supporting-those-in-rural-and-remote-work-environments
#18
Carolyn L Deans, Emma L Little
CONTEXT: This article explores the relevance of the body of military psychology knowledge to the management and support of those living and working in rural/remote industries and locations, particularly within Australia. ISSUES: For those who live and work in rural/remote settings, there are social, occupational, health and environmental challenges. Some of these are shared with families and individuals who are associated with military life. The published literature on the shared attributes between military and rural/remote work environments rarely makes a direct link...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695095/the-prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-associated-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-sonographers-in-central-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Qingmin Feng, Shenglin Liu, Lei Yang, Mingxing Xie, Qiang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Studies from industrialized countries show that musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) occur commonly in sonographers. However, little is known about sonographers in China, where the awareness of ergonomics and MSD, workload, and available equipment/facilities may differ. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of MSD and associated risk factors in sonographers in central China. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 381 sonographers from 14 randomly selected tertiary hospitals in Hubei province, central China...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690068/a-brief-cognitive-behavioral-psycho-education-b-cbe-program-for-managing-stress-and-anxiety-of-main-family-caregivers-of-patients-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#20
Vico Chung Lim Chiang, Wai Tong Chien, Ho Ting Wong, Rainbow Lai Ping Lee, Juana Ha, Sharron Shuk Kam Leung, Daniel Fu Keung Wong
Having a loved one in the intensive care unit (ICU) is a stressful event, which may cause a high level of anxiety to the family members. This could threaten their wellbeing and ability to support the patients in, or after discharge from, the ICU. To investigate the outcomes of a brief cognitive-behavioral psycho-education program (B-CBE) to manage stress and anxiety of the main family caregivers (MFCs), a pragmatic quasi-experimental study involving 45 participants (treatment group: 24; control group: 21) was conducted in an ICU...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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