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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320444/preliminary-analyses-showed-short-term-mental-health-improvements-after-a-single-day-manager-training
#1
Elena Boysen, Birgitta Schiller, Kathrin Mörtl, Harald Gündel, Michael Hölzer
Psychosocial working conditions attract more and more attention when it comes to mental health in the workplace. Trying to support managers to deal with their own as well as their employees' psychological risk factors, we conducted a specific manager training. Within this investigation, we wanted to learn about the training's effects and acceptance. A single-day manager training was provided in a large industrial company in Germany. The participants were asked to fill out questionnaires regarding their own physical and mental health condition as well as their working situation...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316909/the-health-impact-of-residential-retreats-a-systematic-review
#2
Dhevaksha Naidoo, Adrian Schembri, Marc Cohen
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy lifestyles are a major factor in the development and exacerbation of many chronic diseases. Improving lifestyles though immersive residential experiences that promote healthy behaviours is a focus of the health retreat industry. This systematic review aims to identify and explore published studies on the health, wellbeing and economic impact of retreat experiences. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsychINFO databases were searched for residential retreat studies in English published prior to February 2017...
January 10, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316756/-an-analysis-of-the-evaluation-results-of-symptom-checklist-90-for-occupational-females-in-different-industries
#3
Z H Wang, W L Yu, Z Shen, Y Ye, L Hu, G X Yu, L G Sun
Objective: To evaluate the mental health of occupational females in different industries. Methods: We investigated the psychologic status of Chinese occupational females using symptom checklist 90. And statistical software was applied to analyze results of symptom checklist 90. Results: There were 41, 166 effec-tive questionnaires. The number of positive questionnaires was 14 361, and the positive rate was 34.89%. The positive rate of obsessive-compulsive factor was 24.07%. The positive rate of somatization factor was 16...
November 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286227/quality-of-life-determinants-in-breast-cancer-patients-in-central-rural-india
#4
Nitin Gangane, Pravin Khairkar, Anna-Karin Hurtig, Miguel San Sebastián
Introduction: Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among women throughout world, with incidence rates increasing in India. Improved survival in breast cancer patients has resulted in their quality of life (QOL) becoming an important issue. Identifying determinants for QOL may provide insights into how to improve their living conditions. This study aimed to assess socio-demographic and clinical factors, as well as the role of self-efficacy, in relation to QOL among women with breast cancer in rural India...
December 29, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282080/safety-analysis-over-time-seven-major-changes-to-adverse-event-investigation
#5
Charles Vincent, Jane Carthey, Carl Macrae, Rene Amalberti
BACKGROUND: Every safety-critical industry devotes considerable time and resource to investigating and analysing accidents, incidents and near misses. The systematic analysis of incidents has greatly expanded our understanding of both the causes and prevention of harm. These methods have been widely employed in healthcare over the last 20 years but are now subject to critique and reassessment. In this paper, we reconsider the purpose and value of incident analysis and methods appropriate to the healthcare of today...
December 28, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276643/psychological-intervention-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-witnesses-of-a-fatal-industrial-accident-in-a-workers-health-center
#6
Dong-Mug Kang, Se-Yeong Kim, Yoon-Ji Kim, Jung-Ann Kim
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious problem not only among workers who experience industrial accidents but also among workers who witness such accidents. Early intervention is needed to prevent prolonged psychological problems. There has been no study conducted regarding the psychological problems of and interventions for bystander workers in Korea. This study introduces the experience of intervention on psychological problems at the Busan Workers' Health Center workers who witnessed their colleagues' death...
December 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237322/global-variation-in-diurnal-cortisol-rhythms-evidence-from-garisakangforager-horticulturalists-of-lowland-papua-new-guinea
#7
Samuel S Urlacher, Melissa A Liebert, Martina Konečná
The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis represents an important and evolutionarily ancient biological pathway linking physical and psychological stressors with human health. Despite considerable research exploring the physiological stress response among developed populations, few studies have examined HPA activity in non-industrialized contexts, restricting understanding of variation in human stress reactivity across global socio-ecological diversity. The present study addresses this shortcoming by investigating diurnal cortisol rhythms among Garisakang forager-horticulturalists of remote, lowland Papua New Guinea...
December 13, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230516/-the-distribution-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-employees-from-small-and-medium-sized-enterprises-in-germany
#8
Andrea Kaifie, Thomas Kraus
BACKGROUND: The German Prevention Act, the main parts of which came into force on 25 July 2015, encourages health promotion and prevention programs for people in their living environment. Through this act, preventive measures could reach employees at work that hardly seek medical services. This is of importance since employees with a low occupational position often show risk factors that increase morbidity and mortality. METHODS: In this study, clinical data from n = 2280 employees from small and medium sized enterprises (SME) were analyzed for economic sector, sex, socioeconomic position (SEP), economic sector cardiovascular risk factors, musculoskeletal and psychological diseases...
December 11, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209970/haze-and-health-impacts-in-asean-countries-a-systematic-review
#9
Logaraj Ramakreshnan, Nasrin Aghamohammadi, Chng Saun Fong, Awang Bulgiba, Rafdzah Ahmad Zaki, Li Ping Wong, Nik Meriam Sulaiman
Seasonal haze episodes and the associated inimical health impacts have become a regular crisis among the ASEAN countries. Even though many emerging experimental and epidemiological studies have documented the plausible health effects of the predominating toxic pollutants of haze, the consistency among the reported findings by these studies is poorly understood. By addressing such gap, this review aimed to critically highlight the evidence of physical and psychological health impacts of haze from the available literature in ASEAN countries...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204574/variables-associated-with-olfactory-disorders-in-adults-a-u-s-population-based-analysis
#10
Julia Noel, Al-Rahim R Habib, Andrew Thamboo, Zara M Patel
Objective: Olfactory dysfunction is known to have significant social, psychological, and safety implications. Despite increasingly recognized prevalence, potential risk factors for olfactory loss have been arbitrarily documented and knowledge is limited in scale. The aim of this study is to identify potential demographic and exposure variables correlating with olfactory dysfunction. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of the 2011-2012 and 2013-2014 editions of the National Health Examination and Nutrition Survey was performed...
March 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198287/a-cross-sectional-examination-of-the-prevalence-of-psychotropic-medications-for-people-living-with-dementia-in-australian-long-term-care-facilities-issues-of-concern
#11
Mitchell McMaster, Elaine Fielding, David Lim, Wendy Moyle, Elizabeth Beattie
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are a common problem in long-term care facilities (LTC). Clinical guidelines dictate that first-line treatments for BPSD are psychosocial and behavioral interventions; if these are unsuccessful, psychotropic medications may be trialed at low doses and their effects can be monitored. METHODS: There have previously been no studies with nationally representative samples to investigate psychotropic administration in LTCs in Australia...
December 4, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185352/psychological-distress-and-unmet-mental-health-needs-among-urban-taxi-drivers-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Sandra Davidson, Greg Wadley, Nicola Reavley, Jane Gunn, Susan Fletcher
OBJECTIVES: The taxi industry relies on a male-dominated, predominately immigrant workforce who face multiple risk factors for poor mental health including shift work, low pay and threats of violence. Despite these risk factors, no previous study has documented the prevalence of psychological distress in the taxi industry. We investigated psychological distress among urban taxi drivers and explored the factors associated with high levels of distress. METHOD: A total of 380 taxi drivers were surveyed at the Melbourne Airport holding yard between September 2016 and March 2017...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172823/eye-tracking-technology-in-medical-education-a-systematic-review
#13
Hajra Ashraf, Mikael H Sodergren, Nabeel Merali, George Mylonas, Harsimrat Singh, Ara Darzi
BACKGROUND: Eye-tracking technology is an established research tool within allied industries such as advertising, psychology and aerospace. This review aims to consolidate literature describing the evidence for use of eye-tracking as an adjunct to traditional teaching methods in medical education. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted in line with STORIES guidelines. A search of EMBASE, OVID MEDLINE, PsycINFO, TRIP database, and Science Direct was conducted until January 2017...
November 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154557/in-the-shadow-of-coal-how-large-scale-industries-contributed-to-present-day-regional-differences-in-personality-and-well-being
#14
Martin Obschonka, Michael Stuetzer, Peter J Rentfrow, Leigh Shaw-Taylor, Max Satchell, Rainer K Silbereisen, Jeff Potter, Samuel D Gosling
Recent research has identified regional variation of personality traits within countries but we know little about the underlying drivers of this variation. We propose that the Industrial Revolution, as a key era in the history of industrialized nations, has led to a persistent clustering of well-being outcomes and personality traits associated with psychological adversity via processes of selective migration and socialization. Analyzing data from England and Wales, we examine relationships between the historical employment share in large-scale coal-based industries (coal mining and steam-powered manufacturing industries that used this coal as fuel for their steam engines) and today's regional variation in personality and well-being...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124904/mind-the-gaps-in-research-on-the-control-of-gastrointestinal-nematodes-of-farmed-ruminants-and-pigs
#15
J Charlier, S M Thamsborg, D J Bartley, P J Skuce, F Kenyon, T Geurden, H Hoste, A R Williams, S Sotiraki, J Höglund, C Chartier, P Geldhof, J van Dijk, L Rinaldi, E R Morgan, G von Samson-Himmelstjerna, J Vercruysse, E Claerebout
Gastrointestinal (GI) nematode control has an important role to play in increasing livestock production from a limited natural resource base and to improve animal health and welfare. In this synthetic review, we identify key research priorities for GI nematode control in farmed ruminants and pigs, to support the development of roadmaps and strategic research agendas by governments, industry and policymakers. These priorities were derived from the DISCONTOOLS gap analysis for nematodes and follow-up discussions within the recently formed Livestock Helminth Research Alliance (LiHRA)...
November 10, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122788/cohort-profile-workers-compensation-in-a-changing-australian-labour-market-the-return-to-work-rtw-study
#16
Christina Dimitriadis, Anthony D LaMontagne, Rebbecca Lilley, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Malcolm Sim, Peter Smith
PURPOSE: Workers' compensation claims for older workers and workers who have suffered psychological injury are increasing as a proportion of total claims in many jurisdictions. In the Australian state of Victoria, claims from both these groups are associated with higher than average wage replacement and healthcare expenditures. This cohort profile describes a longitudinal study which aims to investigate differences in the return to work (RTW) process for older workers compared with younger workers and claimants with musculoskeletal injuries compared with those with psychological injuries...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080704/mother-natural-motivations-and-associations-for-consuming-natural-foods
#17
Emily M Moscato, Jane E Machin
Natural is perceived as innately positive and is a widely sought-after attribute in food products. The natural food industry continues to grow in response to rising consumer demand. This qualitative study explored mothers' motivations for purchasing and consuming natural food products for themselves and their families. Mothers are an important population because of their disproportionate influence on household food consumption. We employed participant photography and a series of three weekly focus groups to derive a rich understanding of the activities surrounding and motivations behind seeking natural in everyday buying decisions...
November 3, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079476/the-experiences-and-perceptions-of-food-banks-amongst-users-in-high-income-countries-an-international-scoping-review
#18
REVIEW
Georgia Middleton, Kaye Mehta, Darlene McNaughton, Sue Booth
PURPOSE: Food banks have become the main response to food insecurity in many high-income countries, but it has been argued that they lack the capacity to respond consistently and fully to the food needs of the people who use them. This literature review set out to answer the question 'how do food bank recipients experience food relief services and how does this impact their lives and wellbeing?' RESULTS: A comprehensive search of electronic databases yielded twenty qualitative studies, conducted in developed countries, exploring user perspectives of food banks...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043838/blink-characteristics-controls-and-relation-to-dry-eyes
#19
John D Rodriguez, Keith J Lane, George W Ousler, Endri Angjeli, Lisa M Smith, Mark B Abelson
Blink is a complex phenomenon that is profoundly affected by diverse endogenous and exogenous stimuli. It has been studied in the context of cognition, emotional, and psychological states, as an indicator of fatigue and sleepiness, particularly in the automobile and transportation industry, in visual tasking, and finally, as it relates to tear film stability and ocular surface health. The fact that it is highly variable and has input from so many sources makes it very difficult to study. In the present review, the behavior of blink in many of these systems is discussed, ultimately returning in each instance to a discussion of how these factors affect blink in the context of dry eyes...
October 18, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036873/fighting-against-a-shortage-of-truck-drivers-in-logistics-measures-that-employers-can-take-to-promote-drivers-work-ability-and-health
#20
Ulrike Staats, Daniela Lohaus, Alina Christmann, Michèle Woitschek
BACKGROUND: For several years, the transportation industry has been concerned about a severe shortage of professional truck drivers. Studies investigating the reasons found that poor working conditions and stresses and strains resulting from physiological and psychological job demands have had a negative impact on drivers' health and ability to work. Nevertheless, until now, most employers have refrained from offering measures to support the work ability and well-being of drivers, mainly due to financial pressures in the industry...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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