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Industrial psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774119/effects-of-perforation-on-rigid-pu-foam-plates-acoustic-and-mechanical-properties
#1
Jia-Horng Lin, Yu-Chun Chuang, Ting-Ting Li, Chen-Hung Huang, Chien-Lin Huang, Yueh-Sheng Chen, Ching-Wen Lou
Factories today are equipped with diverse mechanical equipment in response to rapid technological and industrial developments. Industrial areas located near residential neighborhoods cause massive environmental problems. In particular, noise pollution results in physical and psychological discomfort, and is a seen as invisible and inevitable problem. Thus, noise reduction is a critical and urgent matter. In this study, rigid polyurethane (PU) foam plates undergo perforation using a tapping machine. The mechanical and acoustic properties of these perforated plates as related to perforation rate and perforation depth are evaluated in terms of compression strength, drop-weight impact strength, and sound absorption coefficient...
December 9, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739018/prediction-effects-of-personal-psychosocial-and-occupational-risk-factors-on-low-back-pain-severity-using-artificial-neural-networks-approach-in-industrial-workers
#2
Ebrahim Darvishi, Hassan Khotanlou, Jamshid Khoubi, Omid Giahi, Neda Mahdavi
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to provide an empirical model of predicting low back pain (LBP) by considering the occupational, personal, and psychological risk factor interactions in workers population employed in industrial units using an artificial neural networks approach. METHODS: A total of 92 workers with LBP as the case group and 68 healthy workers as a control group were selected in various industrial units with similar occupational conditions. The demographic information and personal, occupational, and psychosocial factors of the participants were collected via interview, related questionnaires, consultation with occupational medicine, and also the Rapid Entire Body Assessment worksheet and National Aeronautics and Space Administration Task Load Index software...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713315/the-moderating-effect-of-psychological-contract-violation-on-the-relationship-between-narcissism-and-outcomes-an-application-of-trait-activation-theory
#3
Thomas J Zagenczyk, Jarvis Smallfield, Kristin L Scott, Bret Galloway, Russell L Purvis
We use trait activation and psychological contracts theories to build the argument that narcissism is a personality trait that will manifest itself in the form of exit and neglect when employees experience psychological contract violation. To test our hypotheses, we surveyed 262 employees from a wide array of industries working in different organizations at two points in time. Our results indicate that violation moderated the relationship between narcissism and exit such that narcissistic employees who experienced high levels of violation had higher levels of exit...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701628/study-of-chronic-pain-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-japanese-industry-workers-the-quality-of-working-life-influenced-by-chronic-pain-qwlic-study
#4
Keiko Yamada, Kenta Wakaizumi, Kyosuke Fukai, Hiroyasu Iso, Tomotaka Sobue, Masahiko Shibata, Ko Matsudaira
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to identify the prevalence, influence, and risk factors associated with chronic pain among Japanese industry workers. METHODS: We investigated 2,544 participants working at a manufacturing company A, a manufacturing company B, and 16 branch shops of a retail chain company C. The participants responded to self-administered questionnaires related to pain. Furthermore, data obtained from the lifestyle interview sheet of an annual health screening examination and those obtained from the questionnaires were merged...
July 13, 2017: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625227/a-brief-review-of-salient-factors-influencing-adult-eating-behaviour
#5
Christine Emilien, James H Hollis
A better understanding of the factors that influence eating behaviour is of importance as our food choices are associated with the risk of developing chronic diseases such as obesity, CVD, type 2 diabetes or some forms of cancer. In addition, accumulating evidence suggests that the industrial food production system is a major contributor to greenhouse gas emission and may be unsustainable. Therefore, our food choices may also contribute to climate change. By identifying the factors that influence eating behaviour new interventions may be developed, at the individual or population level, to modify eating behaviour and contribute to society's health and environmental goals...
June 19, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614464/assessment-of-current-occupational-safety-and-health-regulations-and-legislation-in-the-caribbean
#6
Muge Akpinar-Elci, MyNgoc Nguyen, Marvin Randall, Satesh Bidaisee, Omur Elci, Olaniyi Olayinka, Julieta Rodriguez Guzman
Neglecting occupational safety and health (OSH) can have adverse and even deadly consequences. While OSH is important in any nation, the issue is particularly concerning in developing countries, including ones in the Caribbean. The purpose of this study, which was carried out in 2012 and 2013, was to examine the reasons for an apparent fundamental lack of awareness of OSH in the Caribbean. We conducted a descriptive study, in which a questionnaire was administered, via telephone, to key policy-making representatives from six English-speaking Caribbean nations, in order to assess the current OSH environment in their countries...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594073/work-related-injury-factors-and-safety-climate-perception-in-truck-drivers
#7
Naomi J Anderson, Caroline K Smith, Jesse L Byrd
INTRODUCTION: The trucking industry has a high burden of work-related injuries. This study examined factors, such as safety climate perceptions, that may impact injury risk. METHOD: A random sample of 9800 commercial driver's license holders (CDL) were sent surveys, only 4360 were eligible truck drivers. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression models were developed to describe the population and identify variables associated with work-related injury. RESULTS: 2189 drivers completed the pertinent interview questions...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593790/molecular-diagnostics-for-hereditary-hearing-loss-in-children
#8
Manou Sommen, Wim Wuyts, Guy Van Camp
Hearing loss (HL) is the most common birth defect in industrialized countries with far-reaching social, psychological and cognitive implications. It is an extremely heterogeneous disease, complicating molecular testing. The introduction of next-generation sequencing (NGS) has resulted in great progress in diagnostics allowing to study all known HL genes in a single assay. The diagnostic yield is currently still limited, but has the potential to increase substantially. Areas covered: In this review the utility of NGS and the problems for comprehensive molecular testing for HL are evaluated and discussed...
August 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588528/music-audiences-3-0-concert-goers-psychological-motivations-at-the-dawn-of-virtual-reality
#9
REVIEW
Jean-Philippe Charron
Reviewing consumers' motivations to attend performances in a continuously evolving social and technological context is essential because live concerts generate an important and growing share of revenues for the music industry. Evolving fans' preferences and technological innovations constantly alter the way music is distributed and consumed. In a marketing 3.0 era, what consumers do with music is becoming more significant than simply owning or listening to a song. These changes are not only blurring the lines between production and consumption (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575664/the-persistent-sampling-bias-in-developmental-psychology-a-call-to-action
#10
Mark Nielsen, Daniel Haun, Joscha Kärtner, Cristine H Legare
Psychology must confront the bias in its broad literature toward the study of participants developing in environments unrepresentative of the vast majority of the world's population. Here, we focus on the implications of addressing this challenge, highlight the need to address overreliance on a narrow participant pool, and emphasize the value and necessity of conducting research with diverse populations. We show that high-impact-factor developmental journals are heavily skewed toward publishing articles with data from WEIRD (Western, educated, industrialized, rich, and democratic) populations...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569111/the-association-of-workplace-exposures-on-quality-of-life-in-small-and-medium-enterprises-workers-a-cross-sectional-study-in-four-asean-countries
#11
Marzuki Isahak, May Young Loh, Indri Hapsari Susilowati, Orawan Kaewboonchoo, Kitiphong Harncharoen, Nursuhaili Mohd Amin, Nguyen Phuong Toai, Wah-Yun Low, Paul Ratanasiripong
Quality of life is associated with several factors, including personal living styles and working conditions. This article aims to investigate the factors associated with quality of life among small and medium enterprises (SME) workers in 4 countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), namely Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam. A total of 2014 workers from food and textile industries were asked to answer a questionnaire about their sociodemographic characteristics, working environment and conditions, and quality of life...
May 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506017/prevalence-of-serious-psychological-distress-among-slaughterhouse-workers-at-a-united-states-beef-packing-plant
#12
Jessica H Leibler, Patricia A Janulewicz, Melissa J Perry
BACKGROUND: Workers in the animal slaughter and processing industry in the United States experience high rates of occupational injury as well as stressful work conditions, yet mental health in this workforce remains largely unstudied. OBJECTIVE: To assess prevalence of serious psychological distress (SPD) in a sample of industrial US slaughterhouse workers. PARTICIPANTS: Workers at an industrial beef packing plant in Nebraska, United States (n = 137)...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504337/archaic-man-meets-a-marvellous-automaton-posthumanism-social-robots-archetypes
#13
Raya Jones
Posthumanism is associated with critical explorations of how new technologies are rewriting our understanding of what it means to be human and how they might alter human existence itself. Intersections with analytical psychology vary depending on which technologies are held in focus. Social robotics promises to populate everyday settings with entities that have populated the imagination for millennia. A legend of A Marvellous Automaton appears as early as 350 B.C. in a book of Taoist teachings, and is joined by ancient and medieval legends of manmade humanoids coming to life, as well as the familiar robots of modern science fiction...
June 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473869/common-mental-disorder-and-its-association-with-academic-performance-among-debre-berhan-university-students-ethiopia
#14
Yohannes Gebreegziabhere Haile, Sisay Mulugeta Alemu, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorder (CMD) is prevalent in industrialized and non-industrialized countries. The prevalence of CMD among university students was 28.8-44.7% and attributed to several risk factors, such as schooling. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors of CMD. In addition, the association between CMD and academic performance was tested. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted with 422 students at Debre Berhan university from March to April 2015...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454862/impact-of-individual-resilience-and-safety-climate-on-safety-performance-and-psychological-stress-of-construction-workers-a-case-study-of-the-ontario-construction-industry
#15
Yuting Chen, Brenda McCabe, Douglas Hyatt
INTRODUCTION: The construction industry has hit a plateau in terms of safety performance. Safety climate is regarded as a leading indicator of safety performance; however, relatively little safety climate research has been done in the Canadian construction industry. Safety climate may be geographically sensitive, thus it is necessary to examine how the construct of safety climate is defined and used to improve safety performance in different regions. On the other hand, more and more attention has been paid to job related stress in the construction industry...
June 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424379/-risk-factors-of-eating-disorders-in-the-narratives-of-fashion-models
#16
Nikolett Bogár, Ferenc Túry
INTRODUCTION: The risk of eating disorders is high in populations who are exposed to slimness ideal, so among fashion models. The present qualitative study evaluates the risk factors of eating disorders in a group of fashion models with semistructured interview. Moreover, the aim of the study was to examine the impact of professional requirements on the health of models. METHODS: The study group was internationally heterogeneous. The models were involved by personal professional relationship...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415920/what-can-the-food-and-drink-industry-do-to-help-achieve-the-5-free-sugars-goal
#17
Sigrid Gibson, Margaret Ashwell, Jenny Arthur, Lindsey Bagley, Alison Lennox, Peter J Rogers, Sara Stanner
AIMS: To contribute evidence and make recommendations to assist in achieving free sugars reduction, with due consideration to the broader picture of weight management and dietary quality. METHODS: An expert workshop in July 2016 addressed options outlined in the Public Health England report 'Sugar reduction: The evidence for action' that related directly to the food industry. Panel members contributed expertise in food technology, public heath nutrition, marketing, communications, psychology and behaviour...
April 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403079/toward-a-mediation-model-for-nurses-well-being-and-psychological-distress-effects-of-quality-of-leadership-and-social-support-at-work
#18
Beatrice I J M Van der Heijden, Regina H Mulder, Christoph König, Veronika Anselmann
Given the lack of active nurses in industrialized countries throughout the world, in combination with demographic changes, it is of utmost importance to protect nurses' well-being and to prevent psychological distress, because of their strong association with premature occupational leave. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of quality of leadership and social support at work on well-being and psychological distress of nurses and to determine whether nurses' overcommitment mediates the relationship between the abovementioned determinants and the outcomes...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393344/-workplace-stress-counseling-for-nurses-a-community-counseling-model
#19
Jen-Hsiang Lin, Shiuan-Tzu Hsiao
Nurses play an integral role in providing medical services, with the quality of nursing care related closely to the level of success that these services achieve. Nursing is a high-stress occupation with a relatively high risk of work burnout, which has been associated with reduced workplace satisfaction, increased turnover, and reduced patient safety. In recent years, the high level of work-related stress in nursing has been an important issue for the government, academia, and industry. Although various plans and policies have been developed to improve the nursing environment in order to reduce stress, these have focused only on the general nursing-practice environment without substantive consideration of the impact of psychological, social, and cultural factors on nursing work stress...
April 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383977/recruitment-and-selection-in-violent-extremist-organizations-exploring-what-industrial-and-organizational-psychology-might-contribute
#20
Samuel T Hunter, Neil D Shortland, Matthew P Crayne, Gina S Ligon
For many terrorist organizations, also known as violent extremist organizations (VEOs), their ability to perpetuate violence is often contingent upon successful recruitment and selection of organizational members. Although academic work on terrorist recruitment and selection has improved in recent years, researchers have generally focused more heavily on aspects of radicalization rather than organization attraction and entry. Moreover, a number of terrorism scholars have lamented the lack of conceptual frameworks with which to interpret and extend findings linked to recruitment and selection, specifically...
April 2017: American Psychologist
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