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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424379/-risk-factors-of-eating-disorders-in-the-narratives-of-fashion-models
#1
Nikolett Bogár, Ferenc Túry
INTRODUCTION: The risk of eating disorders is high in populations who are exposed to slimness ideal, so among fashion models. The present qualitative study evaluates the risk factors of eating disorders in a group of fashion models with semistructured interview. Moreover, the aim of the study was to examine the impact of professional requirements on the health of models. METHODS: The study group was internationally heterogeneous. The models were involved by personal professional relationship...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415920/what-can-the-food-and-drink-industry-do-to-help-achieve-the-5-free-sugars-goal
#2
Sigrid Gibson, Margaret Ashwell, Jenny Arthur, Lindsey Bagley, Alison Lennox, Peter J Rogers, Sara Stanner
AIMS: To contribute evidence and make recommendations to assist in achieving free sugars reduction, with due consideration to the broader picture of weight management and dietary quality. METHODS: An expert workshop in July 2016 addressed options outlined in the Public Health England report 'Sugar reduction: The evidence for action' that related directly to the food industry. Panel members contributed expertise in food technology, public heath nutrition, marketing, communications, psychology and behaviour...
April 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403079/toward-a-mediation-model-for-nurses-well-being-and-psychological-distress-effects-of-quality-of-leadership-and-social-support-at-work
#3
Beatrice I J M Van der Heijden, Regina H Mulder, Christoph König, Veronika Anselmann
Given the lack of active nurses in industrialized countries throughout the world, in combination with demographic changes, it is of utmost importance to protect nurses' well-being and to prevent psychological distress, because of their strong association with premature occupational leave. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of quality of leadership and social support at work on well-being and psychological distress of nurses and to determine whether nurses' overcommitment mediates the relationship between the abovementioned determinants and the outcomes...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393344/-workplace-stress-counseling-for-nurses-a-community-counseling-model
#4
Jen-Hsiang Lin, Shiuan-Tzu Hsiao
Nurses play an integral role in providing medical services, with the quality of nursing care related closely to the level of success that these services achieve. Nursing is a high-stress occupation with a relatively high risk of work burnout, which has been associated with reduced workplace satisfaction, increased turnover, and reduced patient safety. In recent years, the high level of work-related stress in nursing has been an important issue for the government, academia, and industry. Although various plans and policies have been developed to improve the nursing environment in order to reduce stress, these have focused only on the general nursing-practice environment without substantive consideration of the impact of psychological, social, and cultural factors on nursing work stress...
April 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383977/recruitment-and-selection-in-violent-extremist-organizations-exploring-what-industrial-and-organizational-psychology-might-contribute
#5
Samuel T Hunter, Neil D Shortland, Matthew P Crayne, Gina S Ligon
For many terrorist organizations, also known as violent extremist organizations (VEOs), their ability to perpetuate violence is often contingent upon successful recruitment and selection of organizational members. Although academic work on terrorist recruitment and selection has improved in recent years, researchers have generally focused more heavily on aspects of radicalization rather than organization attraction and entry. Moreover, a number of terrorism scholars have lamented the lack of conceptual frameworks with which to interpret and extend findings linked to recruitment and selection, specifically...
April 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358573/investigating-the-longitudinal-effects-of-surface-acting-on-managers-functioning-through-psychological-needs
#6
Tiphaine Huyghebaert, Nicolas Gillet, Claude Fernet, Fadi-Joseph Lahiani, Séverine Chevalier, Evelyne Fouquereau
This study is based on the premise that managers are expected to regulate their emotions in the form of surface acting. More specifically, drawing on self-determination theory, we explored the role of psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness in explaining the influence of surface acting on supervisors' job satisfaction and work engagement over time. Data were collected at 2 time points, over a 3-month period, from a sample of 435 French managers working in the health care industry. Results revealed that surface acting negatively predicted managers' job satisfaction and work engagement over time, through the satisfaction of their psychological needs...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357838/female-professional-divers-similarities-and-differences-between-male-and-female-professional-divers
#7
Ågot Irgens, Kari Troland, Marit Grønning
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to explore the potential differences between female and male professional divers with regards to demographics, diving certificates, areas of diving, diving activity and health effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Norwegian Labour Inspection Authority's Diving certificate register contains data on all professional inshore divers who have held a certificate at any time since 1980. Forty nine per cent of these divers responded to the "Norwegian diver 2011" questionnaire...
2017: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350217/patient-non-adherence-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#8
Vidya Dalvi, Nandakumar Mekoth
Purpose While interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) has been used in health psychology research, it has so far not been applied to seek deeper insights into the patients' experiences about treatment. The purpose of this paper is to address this gap by using IPA to understand patient non-adherence. Design/methodology/approach In total, 18 patients with chronic conditions seeking healthcare services in Goa and Karnataka, India, were selected by using the snowball sampling method. In-depth interviews were conducted face to face...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337089/evaluation-of-the-environmental-noise-levels-in-abuja-municipality-using-mobile-phones
#9
T Ibekwe, D Folorunso, A Ebuta, J Amodu, M Nwegbu, Z Mairami, I Liman, C Okebaram, C Chimdi, B Durogbola, H Suleiman, H Mamven, N Baamlong, E Dahilo, I Gbujie, P Ibekwe, O Nwaorgu
BACKGROUND: Noise remains a nuisance which impacts negatively on the physical, social and psychological wellbeing of man. It aggravates chronic illnesses like hypertension and other cardiopulmonary diseases. Unfortunately, increased activities from industrialization and technological transfers/drifts have tumultuously led to increased noise pollution in most of our fast growing cities today and hence the need for concerted efforts in monitoring and regulating our environmental noise. OBJECTIVE: To assess the equivalent noise level (Leq) in Abuja municipality and promote a simple method for regular assessment of Leq within our environment...
December 2016: Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330392/from-devastation-to-recovery-and-revival-in-the-aftermath-of-fukushima-s-nuclear-power-plants-accident
#10
Hitoshi Ohto, Seiji Yasumura, Masaharu Maeda, Hiroshi Kainuma, Keiya Fujimori, Kenneth E Nollet
Japan's earthquake, tsunami, and subsequent Fukushima nuclear power plant accident in March 2011 forced the evacuation of 185 000 residents. Psychological and social impacts exacerbated by long-term evacuation and widespread rumors have influenced residents' physical and mental health, despite the fact that no direct fatalities occurred from radiation exposure. However, during the 5 years following the accident, steady recovery in industrial and economic activity has lessened previously widespread, deeply rooted stigma and self-stigma among a significant number of affected victims...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281140/human-predisposition-to-cognitive-impairment-and-its-relation-with-environmental-exposure-to-potentially-toxic-elements
#11
Marina M S Cabral Pinto, A Paula Marinho-Reis, Agostinho Almeida, Carlos M Ordens, Maria M V G Silva, Sandra Freitas, Mário R Simões, Paula I Moreira, Pedro A Dinis, M Luísa Diniz, Eduardo A Ferreira da Silva, M Teresa Condesso de Melo
New lines of evidence suggest that less than 10% of neurodegenerative diseases have a strict genetic aetiology and other factors may be prevalent. Environmental exposures to potentially toxic elements appear to be a risk factor for Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and sclerosis diseases. This study proposes a multidisciplinary approach combining neurosciences, psychology and environmental sciences while integrating socio-economic, neuropsychological, environmental and health data. We present the preliminary results of a neuropsychological assessment carried out in elderly residents of the industrial city of Estarreja...
March 9, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275360/consumer-brand-relationships-under-the-marketing-3-0-paradigm-a-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Mónica Gómez-Suárez, María Pilar Martínez-Ruiz, Noemí Martínez-Caraballo
Consumer-brand relationships encompass several dimensions, most of which have attracted growing research attention during the last years. Building these relationships is especially important in the marketing 3.0 era, where it is suggested that customers will choose those brands that satisfy their deepest needs. With these ideas in mind, this article provides a review of two key concepts implied in such relationships: brand love and customer engagement. Although both conceptions focus on different stages of consumer-brand relationships, they actually cover different perspectives on the same process...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259535/-why-some-consumers-don-t-care-heterogeneity-in-household-responses-to-a-food-scandal
#13
Jörg Rieger, Daniela Weible, Sven Anders
In the aftermath of food scandals, household perceptions about the health risks posed by failures in food safety play a central role in determining their mitigating behavior. A stream of literature has shown that factors including media coverage of a scandal, risk perceptions, trust in food safety information, and consumption habits matter. This paper deviates from the standard assumption of a homogeneous response to media information across all households exposed to a food scandal. Instead, we present an innovative multi-method approach to investigate the impacts of household heterogeneity in underlying psychological and behavioral, media usage patterns and consumption habits on poultry demand in the aftermath of the 2011 German dioxin scandal...
March 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257511/the-future-of-veterinary-communication-partnership-or-persuasion-a-qualitative-investigation-of-veterinary-communication-in-the-pursuit-of-client-behaviour-change
#14
Alison M Bard, David C J Main, Anne M Haase, Helen R Whay, Emma J Roe, Kristen K Reyher
Client behaviour change is at the heart of veterinary practice, where promoting animal health and welfare is often synonymous with engaging clients in animal management practices. In the medical realm, extensive research points to the link between practitioner communication and patient behavioural outcomes, suggesting that the veterinary industry could benefit from a deeper understanding of veterinarian communication and its effects on client motivation. Whilst extensive studies have quantified language components typical of the veterinary consultation, the literature is lacking in-depth qualitative analysis in this context...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248028/-self-inflicted-genital-injury
#15
R A Abdurakhmanov, A K Abdurakhmanov, V A Kopylov
Self-inflicted injury to external genitalia in men is an uncommon type of trauma. The international and domestic literature report isolated cases of injury to the external genitalia, caused by a patient intending to harm himself. This type of injury often occurs in patients with mental disorders. The authors describe their own clinical observations of rare types of self-inflicted genital injuries in patients without a history of mental disorders. During the period from 2012 to 2015, 4 patients with self-inflicted genital injuries were admitted to the hospital...
November 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238996/housing-and-health-outcomes-of-persons-living-with-hiv-aids-plwhas-in-the-lower-manya-krobo-district-ghana
#16
Eric Y Tenkorang, Adobea Y Owusu, Amos K Laar
OBJECTIVE: Although emerging in Western industrialized societies, limited research exists on the links between housing and health outcomes for persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS: Using survey data collected from 605 PLWHAs in the Lower Manya Krobo district of Ghana, this paper examined the effects of housing structure, arrangements, accessibility and conditions on the physical and psychological/emotional health of respondents...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214916/facial-expression-an-under-utilised-tool-for-the-assessment-of-welfare-in-mammals
#17
Kris A Descovich, Jennifer Wathan, Matthew C Leach, Hannah M Buchanan-Smith, Paul Flecknell, David Farningham, Sarah-Jane Vick
Animal welfare is a key issue for industries that use or impact upon animals. The accurate identification of welfare states is particularly relevant to the field of bioscience, where the 3Rs framework encourages refinement of experimental procedures involving animal models. The assessment and improvement of welfare states in animals is reliant on reliable and valid measurement tools. Behavioural measures (activity, attention, posture and vocalisation) are frequently used because they are immediate and non-invasive, however no single indicator can yield a complete picture of the internal state of an animal...
February 8, 2017: ALTEX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214112/communicating-airport-noise-emission-data-to-the-general-public
#18
REVIEW
Luis Gasco, Cesar Asensio, Guillermo de Arcas
Despite the efforts that the aviation industry has undertaken during the last few decades, noise annoyance remains high, partly because of the continuous transport demands of modern societies and partly because of changes in citizen expectations and their growing environmental concerns. Although modern aircraft are considerably quieter than their predecessors, the number of complaints has not decreased as much as expected. Therefore, the aeronautical sector has tried more sociological and/or psychological strategies to gain acceptance through awareness and community engagement...
May 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210230/acute-mental-discomfort-associated-with-suicide-behavior-in-a-clinical-sample-of-patients-with-affective-disorders-ascertaining-critical-variables-using-artificial-intelligence-tools
#19
Susana Morales, Jorge Barros, Orietta Echávarri, Fabián García, Alex Osses, Claudia Moya, María Paz Maino, Ronit Fischman, Catalina Núñez, Tita Szmulewicz, Alemka Tomicic
AIM: In efforts to develop reliable methods to detect the likelihood of impending suicidal behaviors, we have proposed the following. OBJECTIVE: To gain a deeper understanding of the state of suicide risk by determining the combination of variables that distinguishes between groups with and without suicide risk. METHOD: A study involving 707 patients consulting for mental health issues in three health centers in Greater Santiago, Chile. Using 345 variables, an analysis was carried out with artificial intelligence tools, Cross Industry Standard Process for Data Mining processes, and decision tree techniques...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206808/job-matching-an-interdisciplinary-scoping-study-with-implications-for-vocational-rehabilitation-counseling
#20
Marina Nützi, Bruno Trezzini, Lorenzo Medici, Urban Schwegler
PURPOSE: Matching a person's capabilities and characteristics with the demands and characteristics of their job is crucial for sustainable employment, in particular for persons with disabilities. The present study aims to summarize and synthesize conceptual and empirical knowledge on job matching (JM) from industrial and organizational psychology (IOP), vocational psychology (VP), and return to work (RTW) research. RESEARCH METHOD: We conducted a scoping study applying Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) framework and using eight electronic databases from psychology, economics, and medicine...
February 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
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