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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796914/implementation-science-and-employer-disability-practices-embedding-implementation-factors-in-research-designs
#1
Chris J Main, Michael K Nicholas, William S Shaw, Lois E Tetrick, Mark G Ehrhart, Glenn Pransky
Purpose For work disability research to have an impact on employer policies and practices it is important for such research to acknowledge and incorporate relevant aspects of the workplace. The goal of this article is to summarize recent theoretical and methodological advances in the field of Implementation Science, relate these to research of employer disability management practices, and recommend future research priorities. Methods The authors participated in a year-long collaboration culminating in an invited 3-day conference, "Improving Research of Employer Practices to Prevent Disability", held October 14-16, 2015, in Hopkinton, MA, USA...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703965/occupational-practitioner-s-role-in-the-management-of-a-crisis-lessons-learned-from-the-paris-november-2015-terrorist-attack
#2
Alexis Descatha, Alice Huynh Tuong, Pierre Coninx, Michel Baer, Thomas Loeb, Thomas Despréaux
In massive catastrophic events, occupational health practitioners are more and more frequently involved in the management of such situations. We aim to describe the multiple aspects of the role that occupational health practitioners might play, by focusing on the recent example of the Paris terrorist attack of November 2015. During and after the Paris attack, occupational practitioners, in collaboration with emergency and security professionals, were involved in psychological care, assembling information, follow-up, return-to-work, and improving in-company safety plans...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683875/subjective-health-complaints-work-related-stress-and-self-efficacy-in-norwegian-aircrew
#3
M L Omholt, T H Tveito, C Ihlebæk
BACKGROUND: The European civilian aviation industry has undergone major changes in the last decade. Despite this, there is little knowledge about work-related stress and subjective health complaints (SHCs) affecting Norwegian aircrew. AIMS: To investigate the relationships between work-related stress, self-efficacy and SHCs in commercial aircrew in Norway and to explore differences between cockpit and cabin crew. METHODS: Aircrew members from the three major airlines operating from Norway completed an electronically distributed questionnaire...
September 28, 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650833/regional-multiteam-systems-in-cancer-care-delivery
#4
Katia Noyes, John R T Monson, Irfan Rizvi, Ann Savastano, James S A Green, Nick Sevdalis
Teamwork is essential for addressing many of the challenges that arise in the coordination and delivery of cancer care, especially for the problems that are presented by patients who cross geographic boundaries and enter and exit multiple health care systems at various times during their cancer care journeys. The problem of coordinating the care of patients with cancer is further complicated by the growing number of treatment options and modalities, incompatibilities among the vast variety of technology platforms that have recently been adopted by the health care industry, and competing and misaligned incentives for providers and systems...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571534/james-l-outtz-1947-2016
#5
Sheldon Zedeck, Wayne Cascio
This article memorializes James L. Outtz, who passed away March 26, 2016. For more than 40 years, Outtz was a leading researcher, practitioner, and consultant in the areas of hiring and promotion, employment discrimination, selection-test design and implementation, and legal issues pertaining to employment. He worked tirelessly to enhance opportunities for workforce diversity through greater inclusion of minorities and women. Another important focus was on strategies to minimize adverse impact through alternative approaches to selection...
September 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491195/wicked-problem-solvers
#6
Amy C Edmondson
Companies today increasingly rely on teams that span many industries for radical innovation, especially to solve "wicked problems." So leaders have to understand how to promote collaboration when roles are uncertain, goals are shifting, expertise and organizational cultures are varied, and participants have clashing or even antagonistic perspectives. HBS professor Amy Edmondson has studied more than a dozen cross-industry innovation projects, among them the creation of a new city, a mango supply-chain transformation, and the design and construction of leading-edge buildings...
June 2016: Harvard Business Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473116/ilead-a-transformational-leadership-intervention-to-train-healthcare-managers-implementation-leadership
#7
Anne Richter, Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz, Caroline Lornudd, Robert Lundmark, Rebecca Mosson, Henna Hasson
BACKGROUND: Leadership is a key feature in implementation efforts, which is highlighted in most implementation frameworks. However, in studying leadership and implementation, only few studies rely on established leadership theory, which makes it difficult to draw conclusions regarding what kinds of leadership managers should perform and under what circumstances. In industrial and organizational psychology, transformational leadership and contingent reward have been identified as effective leadership styles for facilitating change processes, and these styles map well onto the behaviors identified in implementation research...
2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441167/design-for-pride-in-the-workplace
#8
Yichen Lu, Virpi Roto
BACKGROUND: Pride is one of the most meaningful experiences in daily life. Many psychological studies emphasize self-oriented and event-based achievements as the main sources of pride, whereas work from organizational management considers pride as a collective attitude derived from other-focused activities and fostered by the sense of belongingness. Taking the interdisciplinary aspects of pride into account, this article addresses the challenge of how experience design can contribute to pride experience in the workplace...
2016: Psychology of Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389796/effect-of-changing-work-stressors-and-coping-resources-on-psychological-distress
#9
Yulong Lian, Yiyang Gu, Rui Han, Yu Jiang, Suzhen Guan, Jing Xiao, Jiwen Liu
OBJECTIVES: We examined whether or not changing work stressors and coping resources affect the risk of psychological distress. METHOD: A baseline evaluation of work stressors and coping resources and mental health was assessed for 4362 petroleum industry workers after 12 years. RESULTS: Increased task and organizational stressors were associated with an elevated risk of psychological distress. Decreased task stressors, increased job control, and increased coping resources were associated with a reduced risk of psychological distress...
July 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303660/perceptions-of-health-and-safety-among-immigrant-latino-a-dairy-workers-in-the-u-s
#10
Lauren M Menger, Florencia Pezzutti, Teresa Tellechea, Lorann Stallones, John Rosecrance, Ivette Noami Roman-Muniz
The U.S. dairy industry is increasingly relying on an immigrant workforce to help meet growing demands. Due to scant research, little is known about the factors related to workplace safety among this occupational group. The purpose of this study was to identify dairy worker perceptions of the barriers to and facilitators for enhancing workplace safety. Focus groups (FG) were conducted with 44 immigrant Latino/a workers from 2 dairies in South Dakota and 1 dairy in Colorado to gain firsthand insights into their work experiences...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27212813/model-of-yoga-intervention-in-industrial-organizational-psychology-for-counterproductive-work-behavior
#11
REVIEW
Umesh C Dwivedi, Sony Kumari, H R Nagendra
Counterproductive work behavior (CWB) has long been recognized as a broad spectrum of job behaviors and its link with negative affectivity and hostile behaviors. It is a major concern practically for all organizations. Repeated exposure to workplace stressor can result in a strain, an outcome of the job stress process that can be psychological, physical, or behavioral in nature, leading to CWBs. Yoga is a technique that brings an improvement on mental and physical level by means of posture, breathing control methods, and silencing the mind through meditation...
July 2015: Industrial Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112716/workplace-disruption-following-psychological-trauma-influence-of-incident-severity-level-on-organizations-post-incident-response-planning-and-execution
#12
G S DeFraia
BACKGROUND: Psychologically traumatic workplace events (known as critical incidents), which occur globally, are increasing in prevalence within the USA. Assisting employers in their response is a growing practice area for occupational medicine, occupational social work, industrial psychology and other occupational health professions. Traumatic workplace events vary greatly in their level of organizational disruption. OBJECTIVE: To explore whether extent of workplace disruption influences organizations' decisions for post-incident response planning and plan execution...
April 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27042881/black-and-blue-exploring-racial-bias-and-law-enforcement-in-the-killings-of-unarmed-black-male-civilians
#13
Alison V Hall, Erika V Hall, Jamie L Perry
In late 2014, a series of highly publicized police killings of unarmed Black male civilians in the United States prompted large-scale social turmoil. In the current review, we dissect the psychological antecedents of these killings and explain how the nature of police work may attract officers with distinct characteristics that may make them especially well-primed for negative interactions with Black male civilians. We use media reports to contextualize the precipitating events of the social unrest as we ground our explanations in theory and empirical research from social psychology and industrial and organizational (I/O) psychology...
April 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26643649/occupational-health-management-system-a-study-of-expatriate-construction-professionals
#14
I Y S Chan, M Y Leung, A M M Liu
Due to its direct impact on the safety and function of organizations, occupational health has been a concern of the construction industry for many years. The inherent complexity of occupational health management presents challenges that make a systems approach essential. From a systems perspective, health is conceptualized as an emergent property of a system in which processes operating at the individual and organizational level are inextricably connected. Based on the fundamental behavior-to-performance-to-outcome (B-P-O) theory of industrial/organizational psychology, this study presents the development of an I-CB-HP-O (Input-Coping Behaviors-Health Performance-Outcomes) health management systems model spanning individual and organizational boundaries...
August 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26482787/study-protocol-identifying-and-delivering-point-of-care-information-to-improve-care-coordination
#15
Sylvia J Hysong, Xinxuan Che, Sallie J Weaver, Laura A Petersen
BACKGROUND: The need for deliberately coordinated care is noted by many national-level organizations. The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) recently transitioned primary care clinics nationwide into Patient Aligned Care Teams (PACTs) to provide more accessible, coordinated, comprehensive, and patient-centered care. To better serve this purpose, PACTs must be able to successfully sequence and route interdependent tasks to appropriate team members while also maintaining collective situational awareness (coordination)...
2015: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26303900/employers-perceptions-and-attitudes-toward-the-canadian-national-standard-on-psychological-health-and-safety-in-the-workplace-a-qualitative-study
#16
Diane Kunyk, Morgan Craig-Broadwith, Heather Morris, Ruth Diaz, Emilene Reisdorfer, JianLi Wang
The estimated societal and economic costs of mental illness and psychological injury in the workplace is staggering. Governments, employers and other stakeholders have been searching for policy solutions. This qualitative, exploratory study sought to uncover organizational receptivity to a voluntary comprehensive standard for dealing with psychological health and safety in the workplace. A series of five focus groups were conducted in a large Western Canadian city in November 2013. The seventeen participants were from the fields of healthcare, construction/utilities, manufacturing industries, business services, and finance...
January 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26110527/openness-to-experience-as-a-predictor-and-outcome-of-upward-job-changes-into-managerial-and-professional-positions
#17
Christiane Nieß, Hannes Zacher
In industrial and organizational psychology, there is a long tradition of studying personality as an antecedent of work outcomes. Recently, however, scholars have suggested that personality characteristics may not only predict, but also change due to certain work experiences, a notion that is depicted in the dynamic developmental model (DDM) of personality and work. Upward job changes are an important part of employees' careers and career success in particular, and we argue that these career transitions can shape personality over time...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25830066/shift-work-and-occupational-stress-in-police-officers
#18
Claudia C Ma, Michael E Andrew, Desta Fekedulegn, Ja K Gu, Tara A Hartley, Luenda E Charles, John M Violanti, Cecil M Burchfiel
BACKGROUND: Shift work has been associated with occupational stress in health providers and in those working in some industrial companies. The association is not well established in the law enforcement workforce. Our objective was to examine the association between shift work and police work-related stress. METHODS: The number of stressful events that occurred in the previous month and year was obtained using the Spielberger Police Stress Survey among 365 police officers aged 27-66 years...
March 2015: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25242519/-relationships-between-workers-interpersonal-helping-behavior-social-supports-job-stressors-psychological-stress-responses-and-vigor-in-manufacturing-industry
#19
Yuji Horita, Yasumasa Otsuka
OBJECTIVES: In the NIOSH Generic Job Stress Model, social support is assumed to moderate the relationship between job stressors and stress responses. However, few studies have investigated how to enhance social support in the workplace. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between interpersonal helping behavior, social support, job stressors, psychological stress responses, and vigor among Japanese workers. METHODS: A total of 240 workers in manufacturing companies returned a questionnaire regarding their interpersonal helping behavior, social support, job stressors, psychological stress responses, and vigor (response rate = 96...
2014: Sangyō Eiseigaku Zasshi, Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25232690/focus-the-society-of-cardiovascular-anesthesiologists-initiative-to-improve-quality-and-safety-in-the-cardiovascular-operating-room
#20
Atilio Barbeito, William Travis Lau, Nathaen Weitzel, James H Abernathy, Joyce Wahr, Jonathan B Mark
The Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists (SCA) introduced the FOCUS initiative (Flawless Operative Cardiovascular Unified Systems) in 2005 in response to the need for a rigorous scientific approach to improve quality and safety in the cardiovascular operating room (CVOR). The goal of the project, which is supported by the SCA Foundation, is to identify hazards and develop evidence-based protocols to improve cardiac surgery safety. A hazard is anything that has the potential to cause a preventable adverse event...
October 2014: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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