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Consulting psychology

L Vincze, M E Rollo, M J Hutchesson, R Callister, C E Collins
BACKGROUND: A tailored approach to nutrition and physical activity advice can support women following childbirth in managing barriers (i.e. time and childcare) to making healthy lifestyle changes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the implementation, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a personally tailored nutrition and exercise programme for postpartum women delivered via video-consultations by an accredited practising dietitian (APD) and accredited exercise physiologist (AEP)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Usha K Coblijn, Sjoerd M Lagarde, Christel A L de Raaff, Bart A van Wagensveld, Ellen M A Smets
BACKGROUND: The decision to undergo bariatric surgery is multifactorial and made both by patient and doctor. Information is of the utmost importance for this decision. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the bariatric surgery patient's preferences regarding information provision in bariatric surgery. SETTING: A teaching hospital, bariatric center of excellence in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. METHODS: All patients who underwent a primary laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy between September 2013 and September 2014 were approached by mail to participate...
January 31, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Dale Weston, Katharina Hauck, Richard Amlôt
BACKGROUND: Given the importance of person to person transmission in the spread of infectious diseases, it is critically important to ensure that human behaviour with respect to infection prevention is appropriately represented within infectious disease models. This paper presents a large scale scoping review regarding the incorporation of infection prevention behaviour in infectious disease models. The outcomes of this review are contextualised within the psychological literature concerning health behaviour and behaviour change, resulting in a series of key recommendations for the incorporation of human behaviour in future infectious disease models...
March 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
Eleftheria Tseliou, Maria Borcsa
In this article, we aim to introduce the special JMFT section on discursive research methodologies for couple and family therapy research. These are qualitative research methodologies which resonate with the systemic emphasis on the semantics and the pragmatics of therapy discourse. First, we provide a brief overview of such methodologies and their use in the family therapy field. We then introduce the context and the content of the special section, where four approaches, including conversation analysis, discursive psychology type of discourse analysis, poststructurally informed discourse analysis (subject positioning analysis), and semantic analysis, are introduced by means of analyzed extracts from a Tom Andersen consultation session with a couple in distress and their therapist...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
Breanna K Wright, Helen L Kelsall, David M Clarke, Alexander C McFarlane, Malcolm R Sim
To understand the role of symptom attribution in treatment-seeking behaviours, survey results of 1356 veterans (age = 38-72 years) were analysed. Controlling for symptom frequency, significant relationships were found for specialist and psychological-related consultations. Those who favoured psychological explanations for symptoms were more likely to attend specialist and psychology-related consultations and filled significantly more prescriptions than people who predominantly explained symptoms by situational factors (normalisers)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Nicola Holt, Gemma Mansell, Jonathan C Hill, Tamar Pincus
OBJECTIVES: Reassurance is an essential part of treatment for low back pain (LBP), but evidence on effective methods to deliver reassurance remains scarce. The interaction between consultation-based reassurance and patients' psychological risk is unknown. Our objective was to investigate the relationship between consultation-based reassurance and clinical outcomes at follow-up, in people with and without psychological risk. METHODS: We tested the associations between specific reassurance components (data gathering, relationship building, generic reassurance, and cognitive reassurance), patients' psychological risk (the presence of depression, anxiety, catastrophizing, or fear-avoidance), and postconsultation outcomes including, satisfaction and enablement, disability, pain, and mood at 3-month follow-up...
April 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
Eva Münster, Stephan Letzel, Jasmin Passet-Wittig, Norbert F Schneider, Bettina Schuhrke, Rudolf Seufert, Ulrike Zier
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that 5-15% of all couples in industrialised nations are infertile. A perceived unfulfilled desire for a child or self-identification as infertile can lead to psychological strain and social isolation. About 53.000 women underwent assisted reproduction treatments in Germany in 2014. Little is known about the first medical consultation and patient needs prior to the first visit in a fertility clinic in Germany. The baseline survey of the prospective cohort study on couples undergoing fertility treatment in Germany (PinK Study) provides first results on this topic for Germany...
March 5, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Anne-Julie Lafrenaye-Dugas, Natacha Godbout, Martine Hébert
While it is documented that clients consulting in sex therapy tend to report high rates of childhood interpersonal traumas (e.g., physical, psychological and sexual abuse), which are associated to insecure attachment and poorer therapeutic alliance, the interrelations of these variables have not yet been evaluated in this specific population. This study examined the associations between attachment, cumulative trauma and therapeutic alliance in 278 sex therapy patients who filled out self-report questionnaires...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
Ranjana Jairam, Jamie Drossaerts, Desiree Vrijens, Carsten Leue, Philip van Kerrebroeck, Gommert van Koeveringe
AIMS: Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is an effective treatment for patients with overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) or non-obstructive urinary retention (NOR). These lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are the result of a functional urological cause but often coincide with psychological and/or psychiatric factors. It has been stated that there is an association between LUTS, depression and anxiety disorders. With this study we will investigate whether affective symptoms and quality of life (QoL) improve after successful SNM...
March 5, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Nelly Reynaud, Frédérique Courtois, Pierre Mouriquand, Nicolas Morel-Journel, Kathleen Charvier, Marina Gérard, Alain Ruffion, Jean-Etienne Terrier
BACKGROUND: The bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex is a rare congenital malformation associated with severe dysfunction of the genital and urinary tracts and requiring a staged surgical reconstruction. AIM: The primary aims of this study were to report the sexuality, infertility, and urinary incontinence outcomes in a cohort of men born with bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex. The secondary aim was to highlight some predictive factors of infertility in this population...
March 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Elizabeth Lin, Janet Durbin, Denise Guerriere, Tiziana Volpe, Avra Selick, Julia Kennedy, Wendy J Ungar, Donna S Lero
As mental health (MH) care has shifted from institutional settings to the community, families and friends are responsible for providing the majority of the care at home. The substantial literature on the adverse effects experienced by caregivers has focused mainly on psychological morbidity. Less attention has been paid to how caregivers for persons with MH disorders interact with larger social systems and the impacts of factors such as financial strain, lost time from leisure activities, and the availability of health and social services...
March 1, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
Diane M Flynn, Linda H Eaton, Honor McQuinn, Ashley Alden, Alexa R Meins, Tessa Rue, David J Tauben, Ardith Z Doorenbos
Chronic pain is a significant problem among military personnel and a priority of the military health system. The U.S. Army Surgeon General's Pain Management Task Force recommends using telehealth capabilities to enhance pain management. This article describes the development and evaluation of a telehealth intervention (TelePain) designed to improve access to pain specialist consultation in the military health system. The study uses a wait-list controlled clinical trial to test: 1) effectiveness of the intervention, and 2) interviews to assess barriers and facilitators of the intervention implementation...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
María Fernández, Patricia Guerra, Eloya Martín, Noelia Martínez, Jose Antonio Álvarez-Diz
OBJECTIVE: Dysphoria gender treatment in adolescents is recent. Studies of adolescents treated with analogs are reduced. To ensure the quality of care and safety of the child, follow-up studies are necessary. The aim of the present research was to describe the characteristics of the process of medical and psychological attention in adolescents with the DG in the Gender Identity Treatment Unit of Asturias in the period 2007-2015. METHODS: The sample included 20 minors attended in the Gender Identity Treatment Unit of Asturias in the period 2007-2015...
February 28, 2018: Revista Española de Salud Pública
Julie Green, Rebecca Jester, Robert McKinley, Alison Pooler
This article, the first of two, summarises a study that explored the lived experiences of patients with leg ulcers and the impact of this condition on their quality of life. The study had four study phases; phases 1 and 2 employed qualitative methods and are reported here. Initially, unstructured interviews were held; these revealed significant issues for the patients including the dominance of pain, issues relating to exudate and odour, social isolation and psychological effects. A checklist based on these issues was completed by the researcher during observations of routine care for these same patients; this revealed the extent and depth to which these matters were addressed...
March 2, 2018: British Journal of Community Nursing
Aliya Hisam, Iqra Safoor, Nawal Khurshid, Aakash Aslam, Farhan Zaid, Ayesha Muzaffar
Objective: To find out the association of psychological stress with political activism on social networking sites (SNS) in adults. To find association of psychological stress and political activism with age, gender and occupational status. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study of 8 months (Aug 2014 to March 2015) was conducted on young adults between age group of 20-40 years of different universities of Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Closed ended standardized questionnaires (i...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
M Margariti, M Hadjulis, M Lazaridou, G F Angelidis, V Fotopoulos, L Markaki, F Koulouri
The initiative for the development of national treatment guidelines, dates back to the '90s. In Greece, however, National Clinical Guidelines for the management of schizophrenia were first formulated in 2014 when a Working Group was set up for this purpose by the Greek Ministry of Health. The objective of this Working Group was to provide evidence-based recommendations covering the pharmacological and psychosocial treatment of schizophrenia as well as the development of appropriate treatment services. The Working Group utilized the NICE Guideline (National Institute of Clinical Excellence, 2010, 2014) for the management of Psychosis & Schizophrenia as the main guide to develop the Greek National Guidelines , and in addition the American Psychiatric Association (APA) Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients with Schizophrenia (APA 2004), the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of schizophrenia and related disorders (Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists 2005) , as well as other relevant sources...
October 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Kaaren Mathias, Hira Pant, Manju Marella, Lawrence Singh, Gvs Murthy, Nathan Grills
OBJECTIVES: This study used a population-based cross-sectional survey to describe the prevalence of psychosocial disability and unmet need for access to services in North India. SETTING: This study was conducted in Dehradun district, Uttarakhand, in 2014. PARTICIPANTS: A population-based sample of 2441 people over the age of 18 years. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The Rapid Assessment of Disability survey tool identified people with disability and used an adapted version of the Kessler scale to identify those with psychosocial disability...
February 27, 2018: BMJ Open
Nishadi Ranasinghe, Niranga Manjuri Devanarayana, Shaman Rajindrajith, Madusanka S Perera, Samudu Nishanthinie, Tania Warnakulasuriya, Piyanjali Thamesha de Zoysa
BACKGROUND: Chronic abdominal pain is a common worldwide problem and known to be associated with psychological problems. This study evaluated the association between abdominal pain-predominant functional gastrointestinal disorders (AP-FGIDs), psychological maladjustment and personality traits in adolescents. METHODS: Adolescents aged 13-18 years were recruited from 5 randomly selected schools in Ampara district of Sri Lanka. AP-FGIDs were diagnosed using Rome III criteria...
February 27, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
Sharon Carey, Michelle Kalachov, Lynn Jones, Cherry Koh
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To establish consensus on service delivery models for management of Type III intestinal failure (IF) and home parenteral nutrition (HPN) within the Australian health care system and to identify barriers and enablers in moving towards this ideal model. METHODS: A modified Delphi methodology was utilised to survey experts working in Type III IF HPN. The panel comprised physicians, dietitians, nurses and pharmacists from 18 of the 20 adult Type III IF HPN centres across Australia...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Aileen Murray, Amanda Hall, Geoffrey C Williams, Suzanne M McDonough, Nikos Ntoumanis, Ian Taylor, Ben Jackson, Bethan Copsey, Deirdre A Hurley, James Matthews
PURPOSE: To assess the inter-rater reliability and concurrent validity of the Communication Evaluation in Rehabilitation Tool, which aims to externally assess physiotherapists competency in using Self-Determination Theory-based communication strategies in practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Audio recordings of initial consultations between 24 physiotherapists and 24 patients with chronic low back pain in four hospitals in Ireland were obtained as part of a larger randomised controlled trial...
February 27, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
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