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Consulting psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644338/committee-opinion-no-706-sexual-health
#1
(no author information available yet)
Sexuality involves a broad range of expressions of intimacy and is fundamental to self-dentification, with strong cultural, biologic, and psychologic components. Obstetrician-gynecologists often are consulted by patients about sexual health and are in a unique position to open a dialogue on sexual health issues. Several obstacles to frank conversations with patients about sexual health exist, including a lack of adequate training and confidence in the topic, a perception that there are few treatment options, a lack of adequate clinical time to obtain a sexual history, patients' reluctance to initiate the conversation, and the underestimation of the prevalence of sexual dysfunction...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644331/committee-opinion-no-706-summary-sexual-health
#2
(no author information available yet)
Sexuality involves a broad range of expressions of intimacy and is fundamental to self-dentification, with strong cultural, biologic, and psychologic components. Obstetrician-gynecologists often are consulted by patients about sexual health and are in a unique position to open a dialogue on sexual health issues. Several obstacles to frank conversations with patients about sexual health exist, including a lack of adequate training and confidence in the topic, a perception that there are few treatment options, a lack of adequate clinical time to obtain a sexual history, patients' reluctance to initiate the conversation, and the underestimation of the prevalence of sexual dysfunction...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640480/improving-the-quality-of-prison-research-a-qualitative-study-of-ex-offender-service-user-involvement-in-prison-suicide-prevention-research
#3
Yvonne F Awenat, Currie Moore, Patricia A Gooding, Fiona Ulph, Aisha Mirza, Daniel Pratt
BACKGROUND: Suicide is the leading cause of avoidable death in prisons worldwide and suicide prevention is an international priority. Consequently, there is an urgent need to develop evidence-based treatments. We conducted a randomized controlled trial of a novel suicide prevention psychological therapy for male prisoners. To promote ecological validity by addressing the "real-world" situation of suicidal prisoners, we involved a consultant group of ex-offenders with past experience of being suicidal during imprisonment...
June 22, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636163/the-pu-prom-a-patient-reported-outcome-measure-for-peptic-ulcer-disease
#4
Na Liu, Jing Lv, Jinchun Liu, Yanbo Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) conceived to enable description of treatment-related effects, from the patient perspective, bring the potential to improve in clinical research, and to provide patients with accurate information. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop a patient-centred peptic ulcer patient-reported outcome measure (PU-PROM) and evaluate its reliability, validity, differential item functioning (DIF) and feasibility. METHOD: To develop a conceptual framework and item pool for the PU-PROM, we performed a literature review and consulted other measures created in China and other countries...
June 21, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632007/what-do-medical-students-do-for-self-care-a-student-centered-approach-to-well-being
#5
Erin E Ayala, Aisha M Omorodion, Dennis Nmecha, Jeffrey S Winseman, Hyacinth R C Mason
Phenomenon: Despite the promotion of medical student health and wellness through recent program and curricular changes, research continues to show that medical education is associated with decreased well-being in medical students. Although many institutions have sought to more effectively assess and improve self-care in medical students, no self-care initiatives have been designed using the explicit perspectives of students themselves. APPROACH: Using concept mapping methodology, the research team created a student-generated taxonomy of self-care behaviors taken from a national sample of medical students in response to a brainstorming prompt...
February 16, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631904/-analysis-of-factors-affecting-the-compliance-with-medical-therapy-for-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#6
V A Malkhasyan, P I Rasner, A R Gevorkyan, I V Semenyakin, A V Tedeev, D Yu Pushkar
AIM: To investigate factors affecting the compliance of patients with the combination therapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred BPH outpatients treated with combination therapy were surveyed. RESULTS: The absolute majority of patients (76.16%) expected a quick positive result. 10.47% viewed their disease as too advanced, did not believe in the effectiveness of medical therapy and believed the surgery to be the only treatment option...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629784/-from-paediatric-urological-care-to-adult-urology-assessment-of-a-transition-consultation-for-adolescents
#7
L Even, S Mouttalib, J Moscovici, M Soulie, P Rischmann, X Game, P Galinier, O Bouali
To provide an adequate lifelong urological care in the complex period of adolescence, a transition consultation conducted by a paediatric surgeon and an urologist was developed in our institution. As a real rite of passage, it allows the follow-up and the adapted care of urological conditions, sometimes complex, and permits the transition between childhood and the world of grown-ups. We reported our experience at the Children Hospital of our institution (paediatric surgery and urology departments). During a 6 months period (January-July 2015), forty-five young adults with a mean age of 17...
June 16, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623040/-neuro-ophthalmological-conditions-study-of-the-clinical-care-pathway
#8
I Layat, G Challe, P LeHoang, B Bodaghi, V Touitou
INTRODUCTION: Neuro-ophthalmologic conditions require specialized multidisciplinary management, both medical and surgical, for patients affected by visual loss due to nervous system disease. The primary goal of this study is to define the specificity of neuro-ophthalmology within the realm of visual health. The secondary goal is to review clinical care pathways by studying the organization of management, in terms of accessibility to care and personalization of the care pathway. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A field study was carried out from February to June 2015, within the ophthalmology service of the Pitié-Salpêtrière University Medical Center in Paris...
June 13, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622487/an-integrated-model-of-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorder
#9
David M Walton, James M Elliott
Synopsis The development of persistent symptoms following whiplash injury from a motor vehicle collision (MVC) is common and contributes substantially to societal and personal costs. The popular Quebec Task Force (QTF) classification system of whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) was meant to function as a prognostic and intervention decision aid, but its usefulness has been questioned. Emerging evidence highlights the heterogeneity of WAD by demonstrating physical and psychological impairments that are unique to those who develop persistent symptoms...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617903/association-between-patient-review-of-systems-score-and-somatization
#10
Tyler Stephen Okland, Joseph Robert Gonzalez, Alexander Thomas Ferber, Scott Edward Mann
Importance: Somatization is a condition in which psychological distress is manifested by medically unexplained symptoms, and it is prevalent in all medical specialties, including otolaryngology. Recognition of somatization can be difficult, and there are limited methods available. Objectives: To determine whether patients with somatization respond differently to the review of systems (ROS) portion of the patient interview and whether the ROS can be used to identify patients with somatization...
June 15, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616998/experiencesampler-an-open-source-scaffold-for-building-smartphone-apps-for-experience-sampling
#11
Sabrina Thai, Elizabeth Page-Gould
Experience sampling methods allow researchers to examine phenomena in daily life and provide various advantages that complement traditional laboratory methods. However, existing experience sampling methods may be costly, require constant Internet connectivity, may not be designed specifically for experience sampling studies, or require a custom solution from a computer programming consultant. In this article, we present ExperienceSampler, an open-source scaffold for creating experience-sampling smartphone apps designed for Android and iOS devices...
June 15, 2017: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616994/direct-training-to-improve-educators-treatment-integrity-a-systematic-review-of-single-case-design-studies
#12
Lindsay M Fallon, Kathryn D Kurtz, Marlana R Mueller
In consultation, school psychologists may offer educators direct training to support the implementation of classroom interventions aimed to improve student outcomes. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic literature review of single-case design research studies during which educators received direct training to implement a classroom intervention, specifically instructions, modeling, practice, and feedback. Two doctoral students in school psychology screened 228 articles and evaluated 33 studies to determine if direct training is effective and an evidence-based practice per single-case design standards proposed by the What Works Clearinghouse...
June 15, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612998/symptom-experience-in-non-dialysis-dependent-chronic-kidney-disease-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#13
Karen Pugh-Clarke, Sue Cheryl Read, Julius Sim
BACKGROUND: Studies indicate that symptoms attributable to impaired kidney function are important determinants of quality of life and functional status in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Accordingly, symptom assessment and subsequent control are prerequisites of high-quality care in this patient population. Whilst symptom burden in patients with advanced CKD managed without dialysis has been likened to that of palliative care cancer populations, there is little information about the nature and range of symptoms in earlier stages of the CKD trajectory...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610561/blended-care-vs-usual-care-in-the-treatment-of-depressive-symptoms-and-disorders-in-general-practice-blending-study-protocol-of-a-non-inferiority-randomized-trial
#14
Btissame Massoudi, Marco H Blanker, Evelien van Valen, Hans Wouters, Claudi L H Bockting, Huibert Burger
BACKGROUND: The majority of patients with depressive disorders are treated by general practitioners (GPs) and are prescribed antidepressant medication. Patients prefer psychological treatments but they are under-used, mainly due to time constraints and limited accessibility. A promising approach to deliver psychological treatment is blended care, i.e. guided online treatment. However, the cost-effectiveness of blended care formatted as an online psychological treatment supported by the patients' own GP or general practice mental health worker (MHW) in routine primary care is unknown...
June 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607211/consensus-statement-of-the-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-on-newborn-hearing-screening
#15
Abraham Paul, Chhaya Prasad, S S Kamath, Samir Dalwai, M K C Nair, Waheeda Pagarkar
JUSTIFICATION: Hearing impairment is one of the most critical sensory impairments with significant social and psychological consequences. Reported incidence of congenital hearing loss is 30 per 10,000 children. Evidence-based, standardized national guidelines are needed for professionals to screen for hearing impairment during the neonatal period. PROCESS: The meeting on formulation of national consensus guidelines on developmental disorders was organized by Indian Academy of Pediatrics in Mumbai, on 18th and 19th December, 2015...
June 4, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604146/clients-and-carers-perception-of-mental-illness-and-factors-that-influence-help-seeking-where-they-go-first-and-why
#16
Harris K Chilale, Ndumanene Devlin Silungwe, Saulos Gondwe, Charles Masulani-Mwale
OBJECTIVE: In Northern Malawi, the duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) is longer than that in high-income countries. The reasons for the delay in help-seeking are not known, although studies show multiple reasons. This research was conducted to establish health care help-seeking behaviours and identify barriers that exist between service users and health care providers. The study also intended to establish the beliefs that clients and family members have regarding the causes of mental illness which profoundly shape help-seeking, care giving process and outcomes...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601140/psychiatric-aspects-of-organ-transplantation-in-critical-care-an-update
#17
REVIEW
Yelizaveta Sher, Paula Zimbrean
Transplant patients face challenging medical journeys, with many detours to the intensive care unit. Before and after transplantation, they have significant psychological and cognitive comorbidities, which decrease their quality of life and potentially compromise their medical outcomes. Critical care staff are essential in these journeys. Being cognizant of relevant psychosocial and mental health aspects of transplant patients' experiences can help critical care personnel take comprehensive care of these patients...
July 2017: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599960/neuro-ophthalmological-conditions-study-of-the-clinical-care-pathway
#18
I Layat, G Challe, P LeHoang, B Bodaghi, V Touitou
INTRODUCTION: Neuro-ophthalmologic conditions require specialized multidisciplinary management, both medical and surgical, for patients affected by visual loss due to nervous system disease. The primary goal of this study is to define the specificity of neuro-ophthalmology within the realm of visual health. The secondary goal is to review clinical care pathways by studying the organization of management, in terms of accessibility to care and personalization of the care pathway. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A field study was carried out from February to June 2015, within the ophthalmology service of the Pitié-Salpêtrière University Medical Center in Paris...
June 6, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599626/factors-associated-with-general-practitioners-awareness-of-depression-in-primary-care-patients-with-heart-failure-baseline-results-from-the-observational-recode-hf-study
#19
Marion Eisele, Anja Rakebrandt, Sigrid Boczor, Agata Kazek, Nadine Pohontsch, Magdalena Okolo-Kulak, Eva Blozik, Jens-Martin Träder, Stefan Störk, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Martin Scherer
BACKGROUND: Depression is more prevalent in patients with heart failure (HF) than in those without, but its detection is complicated by the symptom overlap between the two diseases. General practitioners (GPs) are the first point of contact for patients with HF. Therefore, this study aims to investigate GPs' awareness of depression in their HF patients and factors associated with this awareness. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, observational study 3224 primary care patients with HF were screened for depressive symptomatology using an algorithm based on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the 9-item subscale on Depression of the Patient Health Questionnaire, and selected items from the PROMIS Depression and Anxiety scales...
June 9, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596103/training-general-practitioners-to-detect-probable-mental-disorders-in-young-people-during-health-risk-screening
#20
Anne-Emmanuelle Ambresin, Christiaan P Otjes, George C Patton, Susan M Sawyer, Sharmala Thuraisingam, Dallas R English, Dagmar M Haller, Lena A Sanci
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to investigate whether a training intervention increases general practitioners' (GPs) detection sensitivity for probable mental disorders in young people. METHODS: Forty general practices were randomized to an intervention (29 GPs) or comparison arm (49 GPs). Intervention GPs participated in 9 hours of interactive training on youth-friendly care, psychosocial health risk screening, and responding to risk-taking behavior with motivational interviewing approaches, followed by practice visits assisting with integration of screening processes and tools...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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