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Consulting psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540038/effectiveness-of-paliperidone-depot-injection-in-seriously-violent-men-with-comorbid-schizophrenia-and-dissocial-personality-disorder-in-a-uk-high-security-hospital
#1
Anna-Marie Mortlock, Fintan Larkin, Callum C Ross, Nitin Gupta, Samrat Sengupta, Mrigendra Das
BACKGROUND: High-security hospital patients are often complex in presentation and are characterized by treatment resistance, medication nonadherence and history of violence. Paliperidone is licensed both as an oral and depot antipsychotic medication in the treatment of schizophrenia. Clinical trials have shown that paliperidone depot is well tolerated with similar efficacy to risperidone depot but with additional practical advantages. Whilst data exist for the effectiveness of paliperidone palmitate (PP), there are no studies involving patients in forensic settings or those with comorbid personality disorder...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538748/quality-of-life-considerations-and-pain-management-in-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#2
Gregor Be Jemec
All skin diseases involve some element of stigmatization and psychosocial consequence for the individual patient, but few, if any, skin diseases can match the impact of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) on the patient. The inflamed lesions progressing to noninflamed nodules and abscesses are not only perceived as unclean and stigmatizing by the patients, but also cause pain and scarring making this inflammatory skin disorder unique. It is obvious that the disease has a significant negative impact on the patients' quality of life (QOL)...
June 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531419/current-practices-and-experience-of-transition-of-young-people-on-long-term-home-parenteral-nutrition-pn-to-adult-services-a-perspective-from-specialist-centres
#3
E Kyrana, S V Beath, S Gabe, M Small, S Hill
BACKGROUND: There has been an estimated fivefold increase in the number of children receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) at home in the past 10 years with some children approaching the age when they should be referred to adult services whilst still on treatment. Models of care for moving young people onto adult providers of PN at home are not yet well developed, and transition is a potentially dangerous time for young people with complex health needs. METHODS: A questionnaire to ascertain current experience and practices of transition in the context of home PN services was dispatched to 170 consultant gastroenterologists who were members of the British Association of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (BAPEN) and also to all 40 members of the Nutrition and IF working group of the British Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (BSPGHAN)...
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529190/development-and-evaluation-of-an-interdisciplinary-postoperative-support-program-in-outpatient-clinics-after-thoracic-esophagectomy
#4
Takeo Fujita, Yoko Iida, Chihau Tanaka, Kumi Nakamura, Keiko Yamanaka, Junya Ueno, Yoshie Iino, Chitose Haruka, Hatoe Sakamoto, Hiroyuki Daiko
BACKGROUND: To support patients discharged from the hospital after surgery, we launched an "Interdisciplinary Postoperative Support Program" in outpatient clinics for patients who were discharged within 1 month after thoracic esophagectomy and their families. We introduce our program and clarify the patient's physical and psychologic status by analyzing the questionnaire provided from this program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From August 2014 to January 2015, we conducted the Interdisciplinary Postoperative Support Program every month...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528350/prevalence-and-impact-of-severe-fatigue-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-in-comparison-with-population-based-controls
#5
Hanneke Poort, Suzanne E J Kaal, Hans Knoop, Rosemarie Jansen, Judith B Prins, Eveliene Manten-Horst, Petra Servaes, Olga Husson, Winette T A van der Graaf
PURPOSE: The current study determined the prevalence of severe fatigue in adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients (aged 18-35 years at diagnosis) consulting a multidisciplinary AYA team in comparison with gender- and age-matched population-based controls. In addition, impact of severe fatigue on quality of life and correlates of fatigue severity were examined. METHODS: AYAs with cancer (n = 83) completed questionnaires including the Checklist Individual Strength (CIS-fatigue), Quality of Life (QoL)-Cancer Survivor, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (reflecting psychological distress), and the Cancer Worry Scale (reflecting fear of cancer recurrence or progression)...
May 20, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506305/effect-of-chemotherapy-counseling-by-pharmacists-on-quality-of-life-and-psychological-outcomes-of-oncology-patients-in-malaysia-a-randomized-control-trial
#6
Ummavathy Periasamy, Sherina Mohd Sidik, Lekhraj Rampal, Siti Irma Fadhilah, Mehrnoosh Akhtari-Zavare, Rozi Mahmud
BACKGROUND: Cancer is now becoming a leading cause of death. Chemotherapy is an important treatment for cancer patients. These patients also need consultation during their treatment to improve quality of life and decrease psychological disorders. The objectives of the study were to develop, implement and evaluate the effectiveness of a chemotherapy counseling module by pharmacists among oncology patients on their quality of life and psychological outcomes in Malaysia. METHOD: A single-blind randomized controlled trial was carried out among 162 oncology patients undergoing chemotherapy from July 2013 to February 2014 in a government hospital with oncology facilities in Malaysia...
May 15, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503954/experiences-of-employment-among-young-people-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-qualitative-study
#7
Helen Hanson, Ruth I Hart, Ben Thompson, Janet E McDonagh, Rachel Tattersall, Alison Jordan, Helen E Foster
PURPOSE: This study explored expectations and experiences of employment among young people with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and the role of health professionals in promoting positive employment outcomes. METHODS: Semistructured interviews (n = 13) and three focus groups (n = 9, n = 4, n = 3) were conducted with young people (16-25 y) and adults (26-31 y) with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and semistructured interviews (n = 9) were conducted with health professionals...
May 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501958/heightened-perception-of-breast-cancer-risk-in-young-women-at-risk-of-familial-breast-cancer
#8
Rachael Glassey, Moira O'Connor, Angela Ives, Christobel Saunders, Sarah O'Sullivan, Sarah J Hardcastle
The objective of this study was to explore the factors that influence perceived personal risk of developing breast cancer (BC) in younger women (<35) who are considering or have undergone bilateral prophylactic mastectomy (BPM). Qualitative interviews guided by interpretative phenomenological analysis were conducted with 46 women who had a strong family history of BC and had either undergone (n = 26) or were considering (n = 20) BPM. Participants were recruited from Australia and New Zealand via hospitals, a genetics clinic, a research cohort, a registry and online...
May 13, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492166/-violence-in-schools-prospective-study-conducted-in-an-emergency-reception-center-for-victims-of-aggression
#9
O Dubourg, J Hiquet, P Saint-Martin, E Christin, J Fougas, S Gromb-Monnoyeur
INTRODUCTION: Although violence in schools is quite well conveyed in the media, the French literature data remain patchy, and the figures available arise mainly from surveys of victimization. This study had two main purposes: to add to the national epidemiological data on this phenomenon and to emphasize the actions that can be undertaken by the practitioner facing such events. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a prospective descriptive study that was conducted from September 1st, 2014, to June 30, 2015, in a single center, the CAUVA, an emergency center within the Bordeaux University Hospital for victims of assault...
December 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491314/major-depressive-disorder-with-religious-struggle-and-completed-suicide-after-hair-transplantation
#10
Mehmet Emin Ceylan, Barış Önen Ünsalver, Alper Evrensel
OBJECTIVES: Psychological outcomes of aesthetic surgical procedures like hair transplantation are mostly positive including decreased anxiety, depression and social phobia and increased general well-being, self-efficacy and self-esteem. However, some patients may suffer from post-surgical depression and post-surgical increased suicide rates have been reported for breast augmentation patients. Difficulty adapting to the new image, unfulfilled psychological needs expected to be met by the surgery, side effects of the surgery like tissue swelling or bruising, uncontrolled pain, presence of body dysmorphic disorder and previous history of mood disorder may be some of the risk factors for post-surgical depression...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484405/management-of-chronic-tinnitus-and-insomnia-with-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-a-combined-approach
#11
Kneginja Richter, Jens Acker, Lence Miloseva, Lukas Peter, Günter Niklewski
It has been estimated that up to 80% of people will experience symptoms of tinnitus over the courses of their lives, with rates of comorbid sleeping problems ranging from 50 to 77%. Because of a potential connection between tinnitus and sleep disorders as well as high rates of comorbid psychiatric disorders, interdisciplinary approaches to treatment seem to be the most efficient option. In this study, we present the case of a 53-year-old male patient, who started to experience symptoms of tinnitus at the age of 49, most likely caused by work-related stress...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484067/patient-entered-wellness-data-and-tailored-electronic-recommendations-increase-preventive-care
#12
Julie Foucher-Urcuyo, David Longworth, Michael Roizen, Bo Hu, Michael B Rothberg
PURPOSE: We investigated whether a tool using patient-entered wellness data to generate tailored electronic recommendations improved preventive care delivery. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods retrospective study of primary care encounters utilizing an Integrated Wellness Tool with a matched-comparison before-and-after study design. Encounters took place at a single clinic within the Cleveland Clinic Health System. The primary outcome was preventive orders placed...
May 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483240/management-of-non-organic-hearing-loss-in-children-a-case-study
#13
Piotr Henryk Skarzynski, Danuta Raj-Koziak, Joanna Jadwiga Rajchel, Henryk Skarzynski
A 10 year-old girl was admitted due to the claim of progressively developing hearing loss. The impedance audiometry showed no abnormalities but it was impossible to obtain reliable outcomes during pure tone audiometry assessment. The girl was additionally sent for speech audiometry, indicating a bilateral hearing loss and objective evaluations such as distortion product otoacoustic emissions and auditory brainstem responses, which results indicated a normal hearing. On the second day, repeated subjective audiometric tests showed also normal hearing, despite constantly reported hearing loss...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479298/childhood-psychogenic-hearing-loss-identification-and-diagnosis
#14
M Parodi, I Rouillon, C Rebours, F Denoyelle, N Loundon
Psychogenic hearing loss, formerly known as functional or non-organic hearing loss, is a classic cause of consultation in infantile audiology. Risk factors include female gender, and age 8 or 12 years. Onset is relatively sudden, without impact on schooling or voice quality. Audiometric signs comprise non-superimposable audiometric thresholds (variable audiometric results), bilaterality, flat mean audiometric curve, and discrepancy between pure-tone and speech audiometry. The child needs reassuring during audiometric examination: attention-diversion techniques may be effective...
May 4, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466116/cultural-sensitive-care-provision-in-a-public-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-centre-a-case-study-from-the-toulouse-university-hospital-intercultural-consultation
#15
Gesine Sturm, Sylvie Bonnet, Yolaine Coussot, Katja Journot, Jean-Philippe Raynaud
Child and adolescent mental health services in Europe are confronted with children with increasingly diverse socio-cultural backgrounds. Clinicians encounter cultural environments of hyperdiversity in terms of languages and countries of origin, growing diversity within groups, and accelerated change with regards to social and administrational situations (Hannah, in: DelVecchio Good et al. (eds) Shattering culture: American medicine responds to cultural diversity, Russel Sage Foundation, New York, 2011). Children and families who live in these complex constellations face multiple vulnerabilizing factors related to overlapping or intersecting social identities (Crenshaw in Univ Chic Leg Forum 140:139-167, 1989)...
May 2, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457587/integration-of-mental-health-screening-in-the-management-of-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders
#16
E Yeung, A Abou-Foul, F Matcham, T Poate, K Fan
Mental health disorders such as depression or anxiety, or both, are more common in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) (16%-40%) than in the general population (16%), and failure to recognise them may be detrimental to the management of TMD. Paper-based screening tools previously reported in this group require assessment by clinicians and subsequent collation of data. We describe our experience of a new system - IMPARTS (Integrating mental and physical: research training and services), which uses validated tools to identify and to monitor the progress of patients who may benefit from psychological intervention...
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456376/-consultation-liaison-during-the-peripartum-network-care-between-liaison-and-mobile-unit
#17
V Garez, E Devouche, A Bobin-Bègue, M Alecian, P Minjollet, A Vallerent, M Poget, H Oguibenine, C Héroux, F Medjkane, G Apter
OBJECTIVES: The pregnancy periods of peripartum and immediate postpartum represent moments of opportunity to access care. Both prevention and therapeutic management can be offered with a better chance of success during these periods. Our specific Consultation Liaison (CL) team PPUMMA was created in order to respond to the need for early detection of psychopathology and rapid implementation of therapeutic management and preventive measure for mother and child. The importance of urgently intervening "on site" seemed a necessity since duration of hospitalization in maternity wards is very short...
April 26, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451553/feed-forward-control-nursing-model-in-expectant-treatment-of-placenta-previa
#18
Yanfei Zhu, Shuxuan Zhang, Wenxian Shan, Ming Hu
BACKGROUND: We studied the possible advantages of feed-forward control nursing model in the treatment of placenta previa. METHODS: We enrolled 60 pregnant women who were receiving treatment for expectant placenta previa between January 2010 and January 2016 and randomly divided them into the control group and the observation group with 30 cases in each group. In the control group, we offered specialist nursing which included examination, body positioning, vaginal bleeding record, psychological consultation and medication observation...
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449293/a-novel-approach-to-study-medical-decision-making-in-the-clinical-setting-the-own-point-of-view-perspective
#19
Thierry Pelaccia, Jacques Tardif, Emmanuel Triby, Bernard Charlin
BACKGROUND: Making diagnostic and therapeutic decisions is a critical activity among physicians. It relies on the ability of physicians to use cognitive processes and specific knowledge in the context of a clinical reasoning. This ability is a core competency in physicians, especially in the field of emergency medicine where the rate of diagnostic errors is high. Studies that explore medical decision-making in an authentic setting are increasing significantly. They are based on the use of qualitative methods which are applied at two separate times: 1) a video recording of the subject's actual activity in an authentic setting and 2) an interview with the subject, supported by the video recording...
April 27, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439664/women-at-familial-risk-of-breast-cancer-electing-for-prophylactic-mastectomy-frequencies-procedures-and-decision-making-characteristics
#20
Sarah Schott, Lisa Vetter, Monika Keller, Thomas Bruckner, Michael Golatta, Sabine Eismann, Nicola Dikow, Christina Evers, Christof Sohn, Joerg Heil
BACKGROUND: Some women of families at high risk of breast cancer (BC) choose prophylactic mastectomy (PM) in spite of ambiguous evidence for survival benefits. The aim of this study was to investigate counselees' characteristics, decisions on PM, and frequencies of different procedures to better understand how to tailor interventions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight hundred and forty-nine counselees who attended interdisciplinary consultation for genetic risk adjustment at the University Hospital Heidelberg between July 2009 and July 2011 received a tripartite questionnaire addressing sociodemographic characteristics, psychological parameters, behavioural questions, and medical data...
June 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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