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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342263/sri-lanka-s-post-tsunami-health-system-recovery-a-qualitative-analysis-of-physician-perspectives
#1
William Collin Schenk, Thuy Bui
Background: The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami caused significant damage to the health system in Sri Lanka. Rebuilding infrastructure and improving the mental health system were targets of recovery policies. Retrospective analyses of the post-tsunami health system recovery in Sri Lanka lack the perspectives of local stakeholders, including health care providers. Methods: In 2014 we interviewed 23 Sri Lankan physicians from the Eastern and Southern regions. Participants were recruited with snowball sampling...
January 12, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342165/increased-colon-cancer-risk-after-severe-salmonella-infection
#2
Lapo Mughini-Gras, Michael Schaapveld, Jolanda Kramers, Sofie Mooij, E Andra Neefjes-Borst, Wilfrid van Pelt, Jacques Neefjes
BACKGROUND: Colon cancer constitutes one of the most frequent malignancies. Previous studies showed that Salmonella manipulates host cell signaling pathways and that Salmonella Typhimurium infection facilitates colon cancer development in genetically predisposed mice. This epidemiological study examined whether severe Salmonella infection, usually acquired from contaminated food, is associated with increased colon cancer risk in humans. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We performed a nationwide registry-based study to assess colon cancer risk after diagnosed Salmonella infection...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341347/employing-the-arts-for-knowledge-production-and-translation-visualizing-new-possibilities-for-women-speaking-up-about-safety-concerns-in-maternity
#3
Nicola Mackintosh, Jane Sandall, Claire Collison, Wendy Carter, James Harris
OBJECTIVES: This project used animated film to translate research findings into accessible health information aimed at enabling women to speak up and secure professional help for serious safety concerns during pregnancy and after birth. We tested as proof of concept our use of the arts both as product (knowledge production) and process (enabling involvement). BACKGROUND: Emergencies during pregnancy and birth, while unusual, can develop rapidly and unexpectedly, with catastrophic consequences...
January 17, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341048/intrapartum-care-working-patterns-of-midwives-the-long-road-to-models-of-care-in-germany
#4
Mechthild M Gross, Claire Michelsen, Bernhard Vaske, Sonja Helbig
INTRODUCTION: Midwifery models of care help to enhance perinatal health outcomes, women's satisfaction, and continuity of care. Despite the ubiquitous presence of certified midwives at births in Germany, no research has investigated the diversity of midwives' practice patterns. Describing the variety of working patterns through which midwives provide intrapartum care may contribute to improving the organisation of midwifery services. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey took place in the region of Hannover and Hildesheim, Germany...
January 16, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340950/dermatologic-lesions-submitted-to-an-oral-and-maxillofacial-pathology-biopsy-service-an-analysis-of-2487-cases
#5
Rekha Reddy, Liya Davidova, Indraneel Bhattacharyya, Donald M Cohen, Mohammed N Islam, Sarah G Fitzpatrick
Skin lesions are often submitted to oral and maxillofacial pathology practices. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the frequency, distribution, variability, and composition of dermatologic lesions within a large oral and maxillofacial pathology biopsy service. An IRB-approved retrospective search of skin lesions diagnosed at University of Florida oral and maxillofacial pathology biopsy service between 1994 and 2015 was performed. 2487 cases were included in the study. Gender was reported in 2466 cases, of which 59% were male and 41% female...
January 16, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340855/the-relationship-between-target-joints-and-direct-resource-use-in-severe-haemophilia
#6
Jamie O'Hara, Shaun Walsh, Charlotte Camp, Giuseppe Mazza, Liz Carroll, Christina Hoxer, Lars Wilkinson
OBJECTIVES: Target joints are a common complication of severe haemophilia. While factor replacement therapy constitutes the majority of costs in haemophilia, the relationship between target joints and non drug-related direct costs (NDDCs) has not been studied. METHODS: Data on haemophilia patients without inhibitors was drawn from the 'Cost of Haemophilia across Europe - a Socioeconomic Survey' (CHESS) study, a cost assessment in severe haemophilia A and B across five European countries (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom) in which 139 haemophilia specialists provided demographic and clinical information for 1285 adult patients...
January 16, 2018: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340849/risk-factors-associated-with-feline-urolithiasis
#7
REVIEW
Veridiane da Rosa Gomes, Paula Costa Ariza, Naida Cristina Borges, Francisco Jorge Schulz, Maria Clorinda Soares Fioravanti
Urinary tract diseases are among the main reasons for consultation in veterinary clinics and hospitals. It affects animals of any age, breed and gender. Among the diseases that affect this system, urolithiasis is the second largest cause of clinical signs compatible with feline urinary tract disease. The term urolithiasis refers to the presence of uroliths in any region of the urinary tract, but it is more commonly seen in the bladder and urethra. Uroliths are classified based on the type of mineral present in their composition, therefore, quantitative and qualitative analyzes are important for a better therapeutic approach...
January 16, 2018: Veterinary Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340693/can-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-be-diagnosed-earlier-in-primary-care-a-case-control-study
#8
F A Pearce, R B Hubbard, M J Grainge, R A Watts, A Abhishek, P C Lanyon
Background: People with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) commonly described long delays before diagnosis. Aim: To study the natural history of GPA prior to diagnosis using primary care data, and determine whether clinical features could be identified to help earlier diagnosis. Design: Case-control study using the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Methods: We compared primary care activity and clinical features between cases and 10 matched controls...
January 1, 2018: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340235/evidence-based-design-and-evaluation-of-a-whole-genome-sequencing-clinical-report-for-the-reference-microbiology-laboratory
#9
Anamaria Crisan, Geoffrey McKee, Tamara Munzner, Jennifer L Gardy
Background: Microbial genome sequencing is now being routinely used in many clinical and public health laboratories. Understanding how to report complex genomic test results to stakeholders who may have varying familiarity with genomics-including clinicians, laboratorians, epidemiologists, and researchers-is critical to the successful and sustainable implementation of this new technology; however, there are no evidence-based guidelines for designing such a report in the pathogen genomics domain...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339942/a-new-hat-for-librarians-providing-redcap-support-to-establish-the-library-as-a-central-data-hub
#10
Kevin Read, Fred Willie Zametkin LaPolla
Background: REDCap, an electronic data capture tool, supports good research data management, but many researchers lack familiarity with the tool. While a REDCap administrator provided technical support and a clinical data management support unit provided study design support, a service gap existed. Case Presentation: Librarians with REDCap expertise sought to increase and improve usage through outreach, workshops, and consultations. In collaboration with a REDCap administrator and the director of the clinical data management support unit, the role of the library was established in providing REDCap training and consultations...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339930/research-evaluation-support-services-in-biomedical-libraries
#11
Karen Elizabeth Gutzman, Michael E Bales, Christopher W Belter, Thane Chambers, Liza Chan, Kristi L Holmes, Ya-Ling Lu, Lisa A Palmer, Rebecca C Reznik-Zellen, Cathy C Sarli, Amy M Suiter, Terrie R Wheeler
Objective: The paper provides a review of current practices related to evaluation support services reported by seven biomedical and research libraries. Methods: A group of seven libraries from the United States and Canada described their experiences with establishing evaluation support services at their libraries. A questionnaire was distributed among the libraries to elicit information as to program development, service and staffing models, campus partnerships, training, products such as tools and reports, and resources used for evaluation support services...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339378/smartphone-gp-consultation-app-cost-ccg-%C3%A2-150-000-in-first-two-months
#12
Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339297/the-experiences-and-perspectives-of-implementing-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-five-french-hospitals-a-qualitative-study
#13
Anne Perozziello, Christelle Routelous, Esmita Charani, Alice Truel, Gabriel Birgand, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, François-Xavier Lescure, Jean-Christophe Lucet
OBJECTIVE: To describe current antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) in France, both at policy level and at local implementation level, and to assess how ASP leaders (ASPL) worked and prioritised their activities. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study based on face-to-face semi-structured interviews with healthcare professionals responsible for ASP across five French hospitals. Five infectious disease specialists and one microbiologist were interviewed between April and June 2016...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338987/update-on-the-epidemiology-of-scorpion-envenomation-in-the-south-of-tunisia
#14
Olfa Chakroun-Walha, Rim Karray, Mouna Jerbi, Abdennour Nasri, Fadhila Issaoui, Ben Rebeh Amine, Mabrouk Bahloul, Mounir Bouaziz, Hichem Ksibi, Noureddine Rekik
INTRODUCTION: Scorpion envenomation is still a frequent occurance in tropical and subtropical regions. In Tunisia, multiple studies on scorpion envenoming have contributed to an improved understanding of cardiac dysfunction and factors predictive of poor prognosis. These previous studies have contributed to the current standardized management of envenomed patients. However, the epidemiology of scorpion envenoming in Tunisia has not been updated for more than 10 years. The aim of this study was to report an update of the epidemiological features of scorpion envenomation in the southern region of Tunisia...
January 12, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338905/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-a-rare-childhood-case-with-unconsciousness
#15
Akira Komori, Daisuke Mizu, Koichi Ariyoshi
BACKGROUND: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a condition characterized by seizures, altered consciousness, visual disturbances, and headache. Characteristic findings on neuroimaging include cerebral edema, typically involving the parieto-occipital white matter. PRES has been associated with hypertension, autoimmune disease, and Henoch-Schölein purpura (HSP), but few cases have been reported, and fewer cases of PRES have been reported in children. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 4-year-old girl who presented with blindness and semi-consciousness...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338746/cost-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-africa-a-systematic-review-of-existing-literature
#16
REVIEW
Chipo Mutyambizi, Milena Pavlova, Lumbwe Chola, Charles Hongoro, Wim Groot
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing recognition that non communicable diseases impose large economic costs on households, societies and nations. However, not much is known about the magnitude of diabetes expenditure in African countries and to the best of our knowledge no systematic assessment of the literature on diabetes costs in Africa has been conducted. The aim of this paper is to capture the evidence on the cost of diabetes in Africa, review the methods used to calculate costs and identify areas for future research...
January 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338678/supplementation-with-curcuma-longa-reverses-neurotoxic-and-behavioral-damage-in-models-of-alzheimer-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#17
Ianara Mendonca da Costa, Marco Aurelio de Moura Freire, Jose Rodolfo Lopes de Paiva Cavalcanti, Dayane Pessoa de Araujo, Bianca Norrara, Isleania Maria Marques Moreira Rosa, Eduardo Pereira de Azevedo, Amalia Cinthia Meneses do Rego, Irami Araujo Filho, Fausto Pierdona Guzen
BACKGROUND: The formation of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles of the tau protein are the main pathological mechanism of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Current therapies for AD offer discrete benefits to the clinical symptoms and do not prevent the continuing degeneration of neuronal cells. Therefore, novel therapeutic strategies have long been investigated, where curcumin (Curcuma longa) has shown some properties that can prevent the deleterious processes involved in neurodegenerative diseases...
January 16, 2018: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338537/antidepressant-prescriptions-and-mental-health-nurses-an-observational-study-in-dutch-general-practice-from-2011-to-2015
#18
Tessa Magnée, Derek P de Beurs, Francois G Schellevis, Peter F Verhaak
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate developments in antidepressant prescriptions by Dutch general practitioners, alongside the national introduction of mental health nurses. Antidepressant prescriptions are very common in general practice, but are often not in line with recommendations. The recent introduction of mental health nurses may have decreased antidepressant prescriptions, as general practitioners (GPs) have greater potential to offer psychological treatment as a first choice option instead of medication...
January 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337877/virtual-environments-for-visualizing-structural-health-monitoring-sensor-networks-data-and-metadata
#19
Rebecca Napolitano, Anna Blyth, Branko Glisic
Visualization of sensor networks, data, and metadata is becoming one of the most pivotal aspects of the structural health monitoring (SHM) process. Without the ability to communicate efficiently and effectively between disparate groups working on a project, an SHM system can be underused, misunderstood, or even abandoned. For this reason, this work seeks to evaluate visualization techniques in the field, identify flaws in current practices, and devise a new method for visualizing and accessing SHM data and metadata in 3D...
January 16, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337673/evaluation-of-immunomodulatory-effects-of-lamotrigine-in-balb-c-mice
#20
Eman Y Abu-Rish, Shada Y Elhayek, Yehia S Mohamed, Islam Hamad, Yasser Bustanji
Modulation of the immune system has recently been shown to be involved in the pharmacological effects of old antiepileptic drugs and in the pathogenesis of epilepsy. Therefore, the most recent guidelines for immunotoxicological evaluation of drugs were consulted to investigate the immunomodulatory effects of lamotrigine, a newer antiepileptic drug, in BALB/c mice. These included the in vivo effects of lamotrigine on delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) response to sheep red blood cell (SRBC) antigens, hemagglutination titer assays and hematological changes...
December 20, 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica
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