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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241282/-mozart-s-death-dr-closset-and-a-political-plot
#1
Harke de Roos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240699/is-a-good-death-at-the-time-of-animal-slaughter-an-essentially-contested-concept
#2
Qurat ulAin, Terry L Whiting
The phrase "essentially contested concept" (ECC) entered the academic literature in 1956 in an attempt to better characterize certain contentious concepts of political theory. Commonly identified examples of contested concepts are morality, religion, democracy, science, nature, philosophy, and certain types of creative products such as the novel and art. The structure proposed to identify an ECC has proven useful in a wide variety of deliberative discourse in the social, political, and religious arenas where seemingly intractable but productive debates are found...
December 14, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240613/assessing-the-knowledge-skills-and-abilities-of-public-health-professionals-in-big-city-governmental-health-departments
#3
Meghan D McGinty, Brian C Castrucci, Debra M Rios
OBJECTIVE: To identify essential knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) for and characterize gaps in KSAs of professionals working in large, urban health departments. DESIGN: A survey was disseminated to potentially eligible supervisors within 26 of 28 health departments in the largest, most urban jurisdictions in the country. A supervisor was eligible to participate if he or she supervised at least 1 staff member whose highest level of education was a master's degree...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240488/encouraging-political-participation-among-the-next-generation
#4
Elizabeth Rosser
Elizabeth Rosser, acting Executive Dean, Deputy Dean for Education and Professional Practice, and Professor of Nursing at Bournemouth University, discusses how nurses can be encouraged to be politically engaged.
December 14, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239708/psychoanalytic-thoughts-on-the-european-refugee-crisis-and-the-other
#5
Vamık D Volkan
There are many aspects-political, economic, legal, medical, cultural, religious-of the present refugee crisis in Europe. Difficulties at border crossings, settlement programs, life-saving issues, and security measures come to mind immediately, but the refugee crisis also needs to be examined from a psychological angle. This paper outlines psychoanalytic findings on voluntary and forced immigration and human responses to the Other. Change in the twenty-first century is occurring at an unprecedented pace and scale...
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239701/variations-on-the-migratory-theme-immigrants-or-exiles-refugees-or-asylees
#6
Ruth M Lijtmaer
When a country is engulfed in war, or overrun by a dictator who begins killing, its citizens are forced to flee. In such situations, the only compassionate response is to take people in. With the ongoing mass migration to Europe, these refugees pay smugglers to take them to safety, but there is no safe place to go since nobody wants them. They leave in a rush to save their lives and their families due to political and religious fear, death threats, rape of women, or forced labor. They do not have time to mourn the losses, there is no time for "ideal migration" where destination countries can choose whom they will take in...
December 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239665/health-and-hierarchy-soldiers-civilians-and-mental-healthcare-in-scotland-1914-34
#7
Jennifer Farquharson
During the First World War injured servicemen were constructed as a better class of patient than civilians, and their care was prioritized in social and political discourses. For the mentally disordered servicemen themselves, however, these distinctions were permeable and transient. This article will challenge the reality of the 'privileged' service patient in civil asylums in Scotland. By examining the impact of the war on asylum structures, economies and patient health, this study will explore exactly which patients were valued in these difficult years...
December 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237894/j-b-s-haldane-s-passage-to-india-reconfiguring-science
#8
Gordon Mcouat
In 1957, John Burdon Sanderson (JBS) Haldane (1892-1964), the world's leading population geneticist, committed political radical and one of the three 'founders' of neo-Darwinian 'Modern Synthesis' of twentieth century biology (Sarkar 1995; Haldane 1932; Cain 2009; Smocovitis 1996), ostentatiously renounced both his British citizenship and his prestigious chair at University College London. In a decisively and very public anti-imperial gesture, ostensibly played out as a reaction to the Suez crisis (although his discontent was simmering for quite some time), Haldane, and his partner, geneticistHelen Spurway (1917-1977), turned their backs on Britain and set off to India to offer their considerable scientific prestige, their inexhaustible organisational abilities, along with their leading Journal of Genetics, behind the efforts to build a 'modern', democratic India emerging out of the ashes of colonial rule...
November 2017: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237297/the-evolutionary-psychology-of-war-offense-and-defense-in-the-adapted-mind
#9
Anthony C Lopez
The study of warfare from an evolutionary perspective has expanded rapidly over the last couple of decades. However, it has tended to focus on the ancestral origins, prevalence, and instruments of war rather than adaptationist analyses of its underlying psychology. I argue that our evolved coalitional psychology may contain a set of distinct evolved heuristics designed specifically for offensive and defensive coalitional aggression. Data from two survey experiments are presented, in which subjects were given scenarios depicting offensive or defensive aggression and were told to make decisions, for example, regarding their willingness to participate in the conflict, their opinions of others who did not choose to participate, and their expectations benefit...
October 2017: Evolutionary Psychology: An International Journal of Evolutionary Approaches to Psychology and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237222/-surgery-during-pregnancy-regulations-and-requirements
#10
Frauke Fritze-Büttner, Ronny Dittmar, Maya Niethard
Due to the marked increase in the numbers of women in medicine, professional and political discussions on equality among doctors are gaining increasing attention. One such issue is "operating during pregnancy". As a result of existing legislation and federal regulations, it has been virtually impossible for pregnant surgeons to continue their surgical work. After approval by the Federal Council or Bundesrat, the revised Maternity Protection Act will come into force on 01.01.2018. It will thereafter be easier for surgeons to operate during pregnancy...
December 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237077/commercial-heritage-as-democratic-action-historicizing-the-save-the-market-campaigns-in-bradford-and-chesterfield-1969-76
#11
Sarah Mass
This article argues that the traditional retail market-a ubiquitous commercial feature of British towns and cities-produced a particular strand of heritage politics in late 1960s and early 1970s Britain. In recovering the activists involved in two campaigns to 'save the market' from redevelopment-one unsuccessful campaign in Bradford and one successful campaign in Chesterfield-I make the case for thinking through local urban heritage movements in comparative terms, focusing on how place-based citizenship collided with a nascent, national 'anti-development' mood in the early 1970s...
December 8, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237026/how-do-external-donors-influence-national-health-policy-processes-experiences-of-domestic-policy-actors-in-cambodia-and-pakistan
#12
Mishal S Khan, Ankita Meghani, Marco Liverani, Imara Roychowdhury, Justin Parkhurst
Although concerns have historically been raised about the influence of external donors on health policy process in recipient countries, remarkably few studies have investigated perspectives and experiences of domestic policymakers and advisers. This study examines donor influence at different stages of the health policy process (priority setting, policy formulation, policy implementation and monitoring and evaluation) in two aid-dependent LMICs, Cambodia and Pakistan. It identifies mechanisms through which asymmetries in influence between donors and domestic policy actors emerge...
December 9, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237011/back-to-bed-from-hospital-to-home-obstetrics-in-the-city-of-chicago
#13
Wendy Kline
This article analyzes the role of doctors and activists in Chicago who successfully redefined the practice and politics of childbirth both locally and ultimately nationwide. It begins with the story of Joseph DeLee's Chicago Maternity Center, responsible for supervising over 100,000 home births between 1932 and 1972. Most of the mothers cared for by the Center were nonwhite, poor, and had little or no access to prenatal care, yet their babies had a far higher survival rate than the nationwide average. Thousands of medical students from all over the Midwest experienced their first deliveries not in hospitals, but in these homes...
December 11, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236809/the-discourse-of-neutrality-attitudes-of-psychoanalysts-during-the-military-dictatorship
#14
Carmen Lucia Montechi Valladares de Oliveira
This article examines the position of psychanalytical societies and Brazilian psychoanalysts affiliated to the International Psychoanalytical Association during the military dictatorship in the 1970s. It shows that the period was a time of extended ideas, featuring a large investment in private clinics and a resulting "marginalization" of the social universe doctrine. Through the writings of certain important members of the movement, it seeks to show how, based on the notions of "neutrality", of the primacy of internal reality to the detriment of external reality, and of investment in the "here and now" of the setting, these psychoanalysts chose to allow psychoanalysis to be divorced from politics...
November 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235918/detecting-bots-on-russian-political-twitter
#15
Denis Stukal, Sergey Sanovich, Richard Bonneau, Joshua A Tucker
Automated and semiautomated Twitter accounts, bots, have recently gained significant public attention due to their potential interference in the political realm. In this study, we develop a methodology for detecting bots on Twitter using an ensemble of classifiers and apply it to study bot activity within political discussions in the Russian Twittersphere. We focus on the interval from February 2014 to December 2015, an especially consequential period in Russian politics. Among accounts actively Tweeting about Russian politics, we find that on the majority of days, the proportion of Tweets produced by bots exceeds 50%...
December 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235917/computational-propaganda-and-political-big-data-moving-toward-a-more-critical-research-agenda
#16
Gillian Bolsover, Philip Howard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235916/harvesting-social-signals-to-inform-peace-processes-implementation-and-monitoring
#17
Aastha Nigam, Henry K Dambanemuya, Madhav Joshi, Nitesh V Chawla
Peace processes are complex, protracted, and contentious involving significant bargaining and compromising among various societal and political stakeholders. In civil war terminations, it is pertinent to measure the pulse of the nation to ensure that the peace process is responsive to citizens' concerns. Social media yields tremendous power as a tool for dialogue, debate, organization, and mobilization, thereby adding more complexity to the peace process. Using Colombia's final peace agreement and national referendum as a case study, we investigate the influence of two important indicators: intergroup polarization and public sentiment toward the peace process...
December 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235915/social-bots-human-like-by-means-of-human-control
#18
Christian Grimme, Mike Preuss, Lena Adam, Heike Trautmann
Social bots are currently regarded an influential but also somewhat mysterious factor in public discourse and opinion making. They are considered to be capable of massively distributing propaganda in social and online media, and their application is even suspected to be partly responsible for recent election results. Astonishingly, the term social bot is not well defined and different scientific disciplines use divergent definitions. This work starts with a balanced definition attempt, before providing an overview of how social bots actually work (taking the example of Twitter) and what their current technical limitations are...
December 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235401/what-do-human-rights-bring-to-discussions-of-power-and-politics-in-health-policy-and-systems
#19
Lisa Forman
Scholarly interrogations of power and politics are not endemic to the disciplines primarily tasked with exploring health policy and planning in the domestic or global domains. Scholars in these domains have come late to investigating power, prompted in part by the growing focus in domestic and global health research on the intersections between governance, globalization and health inequities. Recent prominent reports in this area increasingly point to human rights as important norms capable of responding in part to power differentials that sustain and exacerbate health inequities...
December 13, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235169/chile-crece-contigo-implementation-results-and-scaling-up-lessons
#20
A Torres, F Lopez Boo, V Parra, C Vazquez, S Segura-Pérez, Z Cetin, R Pérez-Escamilla
BACKGROUND: Chile Crece Contigo (ChCC) is defined as a comprehensive, intersectoral, and multicomponent policy that aims to help all children reach their full potential for development, regardless of their socio-economic status. METHODS: This case study was developed on the basis of grey literature review and key informants' interviews. RESULTS: ChCC behaves as a complex adaptive system that combines universal and targeted benefits for the more vulnerable starting since gestation and until the children are 4 years old...
January 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
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