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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048726/trends-in-inequalities-in-child-stunting-in-south-asia
#1
Aditi Krishna, Iván Mejía-Guevara, Mark McGovern, Victor Aguayo, S V Subramanian
We analysed socio-economic inequalities in stunting in South Asia and investigated disparities associated with factors at the individual, caregiver, and household levels (poor dietary diversity, low maternal education, and household poverty). We used time-series analysis of data from 55,459 children ages 6-23 months from Demographic and Health Surveys in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Pakistan (1991-2014). Logistic regression models, adjusted for age, sex, birth order, and place of residency, examined associations between stunting and multiple types of socio-economic disadvantage...
October 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048313/knowledge-and-attitudes-about-abortion-among-undergraduate-students
#2
David Alvargonzález
BACKGROUND: This study examined attitudes towards and knowledge about abortion among undergraduate students doing eleven different subjects. The differences in attitudes and knowledge about abortion according to gender, religious and political affiliation, religiosity, sexual orientation, number of sex partners and previous sexual experience were also considered. METHOD: 1,025 undergraduate students (58.34% women and 41.66% men; mean age 20.18) completed the following instruments: an adaptation of the Abortion Attitudes Scale by Hill, and an adaptation of Abortion Knowledge Test by Esposito and Basow...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048192/intersectionality-research-in-counseling-psychology
#3
Patrick R Grzanka, Carlos E Santos, Bonnie Moradi
This article introduces the special section on intersectionality research in counseling psychology. Across the 4 manuscripts that constitute this special section, a clear theme emerges: a need to return to the roots and politics of intersectionality. Importantly, the 2 empirical articles in this special section (Jerald, Cole, Ward, & Avery, 2017; Lewis, Williams, Peppers, & Gadson, 2017) are studies of Black women's experiences: a return, so to speak, to the subject positions and social locations from which intersectionality emanates...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047362/the-greenh-city-interventional-research-protocol-on-health-in-all-policies
#4
Marion Porcherie, Zoé Vaillant, Emmannuelle Faure, Stéphane Rican, Jean Simos, Nicola Luca Cantoreggi, Zoé Heritage, Anne Roue Le Gall, Linda Cambon, Thierno Amadou Diallo, Eva Vidales, Jeanine Pommier
BACKGROUND: This paper presents the research protocol of the GoveRnance for Equity, EnviroNment and Health in the City (GREENH-City) project funded by the National Institute for Cancer (Subvention N°2017-003-INCA). In France, health inequities have tended to increase since the late 1980s. Numerous studies show the influence of social, economic, geographic and political determinants on health inequities across the life course. Exposure to environmental factors is uneven across the population and may impact on health and health inequities...
October 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046737/between-the-west-and-asia-humanistic-japanese-family-planning-in-the-cold-war
#5
Aya Homei
This paper studies the formation of Japanese ventures in family planning deployed in various villages in Asia from the 1960s onward in the name of development aid. By critically examining how Asia became the priority area for Japan's international cooperation in family planning and by analyzing how the adjective "humanistic" was used to underscore the originality of Japan's family planning program overseas, the paper shows that visions of Japanese actors were directly informed by Japan's delicate position in Cold War geopolitics, between the imagined West represented by the United States and "underdeveloped" Asia, at a time when Japan was striving to (re-)establish its position in world politics and economics...
December 2016: East Asian Science, Technology and Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046706/don-t-call-me-a-leader-but-i-am-one-the-dutch-mayor-and-the-tradition-of-bridging-and-bonding-leadership-in-consensus-democracies
#6
Niels Karsten, Frank Hendriks
In some democratic contexts, there is a strong aversion to the directive, individualistic and masculine expressions of leadership that have come to dominate the study of political leadership. Such leadership is antithetical to consensus democracies in parts of continental Europe, where the antipathy to leadership has linguistic, institutional as well as cultural dimensions. Political-administrative and socio-cultural contexts in these countries provide little room for heroic expressions of leadership. Consequently, alternative forms of leadership and associated vocabularies have developed that carry profound practical relevance but that have remained underexplored...
April 2017: Leadership (Lond)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046657/the-palliative-function-of-hostile-sexism-among-high-and-low-status-chilean-students
#7
Salvador Vargas-Salfate
Previous studies have demonstrated that justifying the social, economic, and political systems is associated with psychological well-being, which has been termed as the palliative function of ideology. However, little research has been conducted on gender stereotypes among children, comparing by socioeconomic status. This study aimed to fill this gap in the system justification literature. We present data from the Chilean version of the International Survey of Children Well-Being (ISCWeB), which was conducted in 2012...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046613/ecologies-of-ideologies-explaining-party-entry-and-exit-in-west-european-parliaments-1945-2013
#8
Marc van de Wardt, Joost Berkhout, Floris Vermeulen
This study introduces a population-ecological approach to the entry and exit of political parties. A primary proposition of population ecology is that organizational entry and exit depends on the number of organizations already present: that is, density. We propose that political parties mainly experience competition from parties in the same ideological niche (left, centre, right). Pooled time-series analyses of 410 parties, 263 elections and 18 West-European countries largely support our expectations. We find that political parties are more likely to exit when density within their niche increases...
June 2017: Eur Union Polit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046602/surveillance-at-sea-the-transactional-politics-of-border-control-in-the-aegean
#9
Huub Dijstelbloem, Rogier van Reekum, Willem Schinkel
The relationship between vision and action is a key element of both practices and conceptualizations of border surveillance in Europe. This article engages with what we call the 'operative vision' of surveillance at sea, specifically as performed by the border control apparatus in the Aegean. We analyse the political consequences of this operative vision by elaborating on three examples of fieldwork conducted in the Aegean and on the islands of Chios and Lesbos. One of the main aims is to bring the figure of the migrant back into the study of border technologies...
June 2017: Secur Dialogue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045672/dynamics-of-evidence-informed-health-policy-making-in-pakistan
#10
Zaeem Haq, Assad Hafeez, Shamsa Zafar, Abdul Ghaffar
Incorporating evidence is fundamental to maintaining the general acceptance and efficiency in public policies. In Pakistan, different actors-local and global-strive to facilitate the development of evidence-informed health policies. Effective involvement however, requires knowledge of the country-context, i.e. knowing the intricacies of how policies are formulated in Pakistan. Obtaining this knowledge is one of the key steps to making interventions impactful. We carried out a qualitative study to explore the environment of evidence-informed health policy in Pakistan...
October 17, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044595/a-critical-interpretive-synthesis-use-of-the-occupational-justice-framework-in-research
#11
REVIEW
Tanya Elizabeth Benjamin-Thomas, Debbie Laliberte Rudman
BACKGROUND: The occupational justice framework was established in the late 1990s with an agenda to spur occupational therapists to take action against injustices pertaining to occupation. METHODS: A critical interpretive synthesis of 23 texts was undertaken to examine how the occupational justice framework has been utilised in research, with a particular focus on how such research is located on a knowledge to action continuum and the extent to which it enacts the call to remediate occupational injustices...
October 18, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044544/primary-systemic-therapy-in-resectable-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-using-mfolfirinox-a-pilot-study
#12
Robert de W Marsh, Mark S Talamonti, Marshall S Baker, Mitchell Posner, Kevin Roggin, Jeffrey Matthews, Daniel Catenacci, Mark Kozloff, Blase Polite, Michele Britto, Chi Wang, Hedy Kindler
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Surgery followed by gemcitabine and/or a fluoropyrimidine is standard therapy for resectable PDAC. mFOLFIRINOX (oxaliplatin 85 mg/m(2) , irinotecan 180 mg/m(2) , leucovorin 400 mg/m(2) Day 1, 5-FU 2400 mg/m(2)  × 48 h IV, peg-filgrastim 6 mg SQ day 3, every 14 days) has substantial activity in metastatic PDAC. We wished to determine the tolerability/efficacy of peri-operative mFOLFIRINOX in resectable PDAC. METHODS: Patients with resectable PDAC (ECOG PS 0/1) received four cycles of mFOLFIRINOX pre- and post-surgery...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040516/integrated-mental-health-services-in-china-challenges-and-planning-for-the-future
#13
Di Liang, Vickie M Mays, Wei-Chin Hwang
Eager to build an integrated community-based mental health system, in 2004 China started the '686 Programme', whose purpose was to integrate hospital and community services for patients with serious mental illness. In 2015, the National Mental Health Working Plan (2015-2020) proposed an ambitious strategy for implementing this project. The goal of this review is to assess potential opportunities for and barriers to successful implementation of a community-based mental health system that integrates hospital and community mental health services into the general healthcare system...
October 13, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040505/late-booking-amongst-african-women-in-a-london-borough-england-implications-for-health-promotion
#14
Martha J Chinouya, Cathrine Madziva
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidance is that a pregnant woman should see a midwife within the first 13 weeks into her pregnancy, in what is known as the 'booking appointment' or the 'full assessment' where she discusses with the midwife her care plan, medical and family histories and social circumstances. Significant numbers of black African women present after 13 weeks into the pregnancy. This study explores why black African women access the booking appointment after 13 weeks of pregnancy in a London borough...
October 10, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040440/trends-in-lifestyle-among-three-cohorts-of-adults-aged-55-64-years-in-1992-1993-2002-2003-and-2012-2013
#15
Ilse Reinders, Natasja M van Schoor, Dorly J H Deeg, Martijn Huisman, Marjolein Visser
Background: Unhealthy lifestyle factors, such as obesity, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and physical inactivity, are associated with increased morbidity and mortality risk, even in older age. We investigated trends in lifestyle among three cohorts of adults aged 55-64 years from the Netherlands. Methods: Data from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam were used. This study consisted of three randomly selected samples of men and women. Lifestyle data were collected in 1992/1993 (cohort 1, n = 988), in 2002/2003 (cohort 2, n = 1002) and in 2012/2013 (cohort 3, n = 1023)...
October 13, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040314/structure-of-311-service-requests-as-a-signature-of-urban-location
#16
Lingjing Wang, Cheng Qian, Philipp Kats, Constantine Kontokosta, Stanislav Sobolevsky
While urban systems demonstrate high spatial heterogeneity, many urban planning, economic and political decisions heavily rely on a deep understanding of local neighborhood contexts. We show that the structure of 311 Service Requests enables one possible way of building a unique signature of the local urban context, thus being able to serve as a low-cost decision support tool for urban stakeholders. Considering examples of New York City, Boston and Chicago, we demonstrate how 311 Service Requests recorded and categorized by type in each neighborhood can be utilized to generate a meaningful classification of locations across the city, based on distinctive socioeconomic profiles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040007/probing-birth-order-effects-on-narrow-traits-using-specification-curve-analysis
#17
Julia M Rohrer, Boris Egloff, Stefan C Schmukle
The idea that birth-order position has a lasting impact on personality has been discussed for the past 100 years. Recent large-scale studies have indicated that birth-order effects on the Big Five personality traits are negligible. In the current study, we examined a variety of more narrow personality traits in a large representative sample ( n = 6,500-10,500 in between-family analyses; n = 900-1,200 in within-family analyses). We used specification-curve analysis to assess evidence for birth-order effects across a range of models implementing defensible yet arbitrary analytical decisions (e...
October 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039133/the-experience-of-implementing-urban-heart-barcelona-a-tool-for-action
#18
Ana M Novoa, Glòria Pérez, Albert Espelt, Cynthia Echave, Patricia G de Olalla, M Jesús Calvo, Maribel Pasarín, Èlia Diez, Carme Borrell, M Jesús Calvo, Berta Cormenzana, Imma Cortés, Èlia Diez, Cynthia Echave, Albert Espelt, Patrícia G de Olalla, Josep Gòmez, Ana M Novoa, Montserrat Pallarès, Glòria Pérez, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz
Urban Health Equity Assessment and Response Tool (HEART) is a tool developed by the World Health Organization whose objective is to provide evidence on urban health inequalities so as to help to decide the best interventions aimed to promote urban health equity. The aim of this paper is to describe the experience of implementing Urban HEART in Barcelona city, both the adaptation of Urban HEART to the city of Barcelona, its use as a means of identifying and monitoring health inequalities among city neighbourhoods, and the difficulties and barriers encountered throughout the process...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038034/environmental-characteristics-of-early-childhood-education-and-care-centres-and-young-children-s-weight-status-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Zhiguang Zhang, João R Pereira, Eduarda Sousa-Sá, Anthony D Okely, Xiaoqi Feng, Rute Santos
The aim of this systematic review was to summarize ECEC environmental correlates of weight status in children under the age of 6years. Six databases (PubMed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, Scopus, and Web of Science) were searched until March 2017. Observational studies examining the relationship between ECEC environmental characteristics and weight status in children aged 0-6years were included. Data was extracted using a predesigned form. Eight studies, representing 4862 children, met the inclusion criteria...
October 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037484/australian-midwives-views-and-experiences-of-practice-and-politics-related-to-water-immersion-for-labour-and-birth-a-web-based-survey
#20
Megan Cooper, Jane Warland, Helen McCutcheon
BACKGROUND: There is little published research that has examined practitioners' views and experiences of pain relieving measures commonly used during labour and birth, particularly for non-pharmacological measures such as water immersion. Furthermore, there is minimal published research examining the process of policy and guideline development, that is, the translation of published research to usable practice guidance. AIMS: The aims of phase three of a larger study were to explore midwives knowledge, experiences and support for the option of water immersion for labour and birth in practice and their involvement, if any, in development of policy and guidelines pertaining to the option...
October 13, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
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