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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822977/are-green-cities-healthy-and-equitable-unpacking-the-relationship-between-health-green-space-and-gentrification
#1
Helen V S Cole, Melisa Garcia Lamarca, James J T Connolly, Isabelle Anguelovski
While access and exposure to green spaces has been shown to be beneficial for the health of urban residents, interventions focused on augmenting such access may also catalyse gentrification processes, also known as green gentrification. Drawing from the fields of public health, urban planning and environmental justice, we argue that public health and epidemiology researchers should rely on a more dynamic model of community that accounts for the potential unintended social consequences of upstream health interventions...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822767/eurostemcell-a-european-infrastructure-for-communication-and-engagement-with-stem-cell-research
#2
REVIEW
Jan Barfoot, Kate Doherty, C Clare Blackburn
EuroStemCell is a large and growing network of organizations and individuals focused on public engagement with stem cells and regenerative medicine - a fluid and contested domain, where scientific, political, ethical, legal and societal perspectives intersect. Rooted in the European stem cell research community, this project has developed collaborative and innovative approaches to information provision and direct and online engagement, that reflect and respond to the dynamic growth of the field itself. EuroStemCell started as the communication and outreach component of a research consortium and subsequently continued as a stand-alone engagement initiative...
August 16, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820659/politics-doctors-assisted-reproductive-technologies-religion-transgenerational-understandings-and-experiences-of-single-motherhood-in-spain
#3
Ana Bravo-Moreno
The aim is to achieve a transgenerational view of single motherhood in Spain, to look at which contexts it arises in, how it changes with the introduction of assisted reproduction, and how the role of religion in Spanish society permeates medical practice and affects the lives of women patients. I examine single motherhood and investigate two interconnected themes: a) being a mother and being mothered are both permeated with socio-cultural, political, religious, economic and psychological significance; b) Spain led Europe in multiple births due to assisted reproduction, thus ethical conflicts and patient rights are analysed...
August 18, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820605/body-sovereignty-and-body-liability-in-the-wake-of-an-obesity-epidemic-a-poststructural-analysis-of-the-soda-ban
#4
Sonia R Ivancic
Public discourse about the 2012 soda ban proposal and its eventual dissolution offers a useful context for interrogating how discursive processes constitute and regulate normality, risk, and obesity. Using poststructural sensibilities, I critique the soda ban and public discourse about it. Although architects of the soda ban and its proponents challenged the neoliberal narrative of free choice by self-governing citizens, their efforts were stymied by (1) arguments that offered a minimalist role for the state in regulating health, and (2) contemporary anxieties about losing the ability to self-determine what to let into the body...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819920/-no-country-for-old-men-huxley-s-brave-new-world-and-the-value-of-old-age
#5
Maren Linett
This article inserts Aldous Huxley's Brave New World (1932) into a bioethical conversation about the value of old age and old people. Exploring literary treatments of bioethical questions can supplement conversations within bioethics proper, helping to reveal our existing assumptions and clear the way for more considered views; indeed, as Peter Swirski has argued, literary texts can serve as thought experiments that illuminate the ramifications of philosophical ideas. This essay examines the novel's representation of a society without old people in conjunction with ideas about aging and life narratives put forward by philosophers and bioethicists such as Ezekiel Emanuel, Gilbert Meilaender, and Alasdair MacIntyre...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819883/how-the-political-becomes-private-in-vitro-fertilization-and-the-catholic-church-in-poland
#6
Magdalena Radkowska-Walkowicz
The Polish debate on in vitro fertilization (IVF) is extremely heated and highly politicized. The hierarchs of the Catholic vehemently oppose the use of IVF. In this text, I present the Church's approach to IVF. Basing on the documentary film, Three Conversations about Life, and ethnographic research, as well as an analysis of Vatican documents and official statements of Polish bishops, I show how the positions of clergy might influence private lives. I indicate series of tensions associated with the "politics of morality" of the Catholic Church and the daily lives of people, who have children thanks to IVF...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818915/collaborative-environmental-governance-achieving-collective-action-in-social-ecological-systems
#7
REVIEW
Örjan Bodin
Managing ecosystems is challenging because of the high number of stakeholders, the permeability of man-made political and jurisdictional demarcations in relation to the temporal and spatial extent of biophysical processes, and a limited understanding of complex ecosystem and societal dynamics. Given these conditions, collaborative governance is commonly put forward as the preferred means of addressing environmental problems. Under this paradigm, a deeper understanding of if, when, and how collaboration is effective, and when other means of addressing environmental problems are better suited, is needed...
August 18, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818330/manufacturing-in-the-eye-of-the-storm-shen-hong-and-the-nine-great-installations-project-during-china-s-cultural-revolution
#8
Lie Sun, Danian Hu
The construction of nine high-end technical installations (hereafter Project NGI, for Nine Great Installations or ) in the 1960s and 1970s was an indispensable part of the development of China's defense and heavy industries. The project put more than 1400 machines into operation or trial operation during the Culture Revolution (1966-1976), and they served essential technical functions in sectors such as aviation, aerospace, machinery, metallurgy, and electronics, and directly advancing the development of these fields...
August 14, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818067/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-implementation-experiences-of-the-australian-national-disability-insurance-scheme-investigating-transformative-policy-change
#9
Gemma Carey, Helen Dickinson
BACKGROUND: Internationally there has been a growth in the use of publicly funded service markets as a mechanism to deliver health and social services. This has accompanied the emergence of 'self-directed care' in a number of different policy areas including disability and aged care - often referred to as 'personalisation' (Giaimo and Manow, Comp. Pol Stud 32:967-1000, 1999; Needham, Public Money Manage 30:136-8, 2010; [Hood], [The Idea of Joined-up Government: A Historical Perspective], [2005]; Klijn and Koppenjan, Public Manage 2:437-54, 2000, Greener, Policy Polit 36:93-108, 2008)...
August 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817588/phylogeography-of-the-reticulated-python-malayopython-reticulatus-ssp-conservation-implications-for-the-worlds-most-traded-snake-species
#10
Gillian Murray-Dickson, Muhammad Ghazali, Rob Ogden, Rafe Brown, Mark Auliya
As an important economic natural resource in Southeast Asia, reticulated pythons (Malayopython reticulatus ssp.) are primarily harvested from the wild for their skins-which are prized in the luxury leather goods industry. Trade dynamics of this CITES Appendix II listed species are complex and management approaches on the country or regional level appear obscure. Little is known about the actual geographic point-of-harvest of snakes, how genetic diversity is partitioned across the species range, how current harvest levels may affect the genetic viability of populations, and whether genetic structure could (or should) be accounted for when managing harvest quotas...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817565/peer-violence-perpetration-and-victimization-prevalence-associated-factors-and-pathways-among-1752-sixth-grade-boys-and-girls-in-schools-in-pakistan
#11
Rozina Karmaliani, Judith Mcfarlane, Rozina Somani, Hussain Maqbool Ahmed Khuwaja, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Tazeen Saeed Ali, Saleema Gulzar, Yasmeen Somani, Esnat D Chirwa, Rachel Jewkes
BACKGROUND: Child peer violence is a global problem and seriously impacts health and education. There are few research studies available in Pakistan, or South Asia. We describe the prevalence of peer violence, associations, and pathways between socio-economic status, school performance, gender attitudes and violence at home. METHODS: 1752 children were recruited into a cluster randomized controlled trial conducted on 40 fairly homogeneous public schools (20 for girls and 20 for boys), in Hyderabad, Pakistan...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816617/the-norwegian-police-and-victims-of-elder-abuse-in-close-and-familial-relationships
#12
Geir Aas
Over recent decades domestic violence or family violence, violence against women and child abuse has received much attention in the media, in political discourse and in social research. However, abuse of older adults arouses limited interest. In government action against domestic violence and in police guidance manuals, the elderly receive little attention. The aim of this article is primarily to demonstrate how the police attempt to prevent elder abuse in close relationships, especially in parent-child relationships...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816092/attitudes-towards-science-among-spanish-citizens-the-case-of-critical-engagers
#13
Montaña Cámara, Ana Muñoz van den Eynde, José A López Cerezo
Using data obtained from Spanish surveys on the public perception of science, this article presents a critical review of current practices of population profile segmentation, including the one-dimensional representation of perceived risks and benefits and of the systematic underestimation of critical attitudes to the social impact of science and technology. We use discriminant analysis to detect a somewhat hidden cluster in the Spanish population which we call 'critical engagers'. These individuals are critically and socially responsible and are not reticent about expressing concern regarding scientific-technological change...
August 1, 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816023/community-sensitization-and-decision-making-for-trial-participation-a-mixed-methods-study-from-the-gambia
#14
Susan Dierickx, Sarah O'Neill, Charlotte Gryseels, Edna Immaculate Anyango, Melanie Bannister-Tyrrell, Joseph Okebe, Julia Mwesigwa, Fatou Jaiteh, René Gerrets, Raffaella Ravinetto, Umberto D'Alessandro, Koen Peeters Grietens
BACKGROUND: Ensuring individual free and informed decision-making for research participation is challenging. It is thought that preliminarily informing communities through 'community sensitization' procedures may improve individual decision-making. This study set out to assess the relevance of community sensitization for individual decision-making in research participation in rural Gambia. METHODS: This anthropological mixed-methods study triangulated qualitative methods and quantitative survey methods in the context of an observational study and a clinical trial on malaria carried out by the Medical Research Council Unit Gambia...
August 16, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815636/muslims-tolerance-towards-outgroups-longitudinal-evidence-for-the-role-of-respect
#15
Bernd Simon, Christoph Daniel Schaefer
We employed a longitudinal design to test two hypotheses concerning Muslims' respect for and tolerance towards disapproved outgroups. In support of the outgroup respect-tolerance hypothesis derived from the disapproval-respect model of social tolerance, our results strongly suggest that respect for disapproved outgroups is not just a correlate of tolerance towards those groups, but a causal antecedent. In support of the intergroup respect-reciprocity hypothesis, we identified respect from disapproved outgroups as an effective source of respect for disapproved outgroups and therefore also as a (distal) source of tolerance towards those groups...
August 15, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815040/the-organisation-and-needs-of-young-sections-belonging-to-ueg-national-societies-results-of-a-europe-wide-survey
#16
Gianluca Ianiro, Valeria Castro, Werner Dolak, Mădălina Ilie, Grainne Holleran, Maciej Salaga, Yasmijn van Herwaarden, Johan Burisch
One of the aims of the Young Talent Group (YTG) is to make United European Gastroenterology (UEG) more attractive for young fellows interested in gastroenterology, and to involve them actively in UEG activities, by collaborating with young GI sections (YGIS) across Europe. Therefore, the YTG launched a survey to collect up-to-date information on YGISs belonging to UEG National Societies. The Friends of YTG were chosen as the target population and received a web-based questionnaire concerning their personal information, the structure of YGIS in their respective country, the YGIS' support mechanisms for young trainees, and ideas on how to improve them...
August 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814562/elias-mossialos-the-politics-of-r-d
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812848/the-elephants-in-the-room-sex-hiv-and-lgbt-populations-in-mena-intersectionality-in-lebanon-comment-on-improving-the-quality-and-quantity-of-hiv-data-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-key-challenges-and-ways-forward
#18
Rachel L Kaplan, Cynthia El Khoury
In response to this insightful editorial, we wish to provide commentary that seeks to highlight recent successes and illuminate the often unspoken hurdles at the intersections of culture, politics, and taboo. We focus on sexual transmission and draw examples from Lebanon, where the pursuit of data in quality and quantity is teaching us lessons about the way forward and where we are experiencing many of the challenges referenced in the editorial such as discrepancies between national statistics and rates derived via research as well as the impact of protracted political conflict and displacement...
December 4, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812839/just-say-no-to-the-tpp-a-democratic-setback-for-american-and-asian-public-health-comment-on-the-trans-pacific-partnership-is-it-everything-we-feared-for-health
#19
Carles Muntaner, Deb Finn Mahabir
(TPP) policy and the severe threats to public health that it implies for 12 Pacific Rim populations from the Americas and Asia (Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, United States, and Vietnam). With careful and analytic precision the authors convincingly unearth many aspects of this piece of legislation that undermine the public health achievements of most countries involved in the TTP. Our comments complement their policy analysis with the aim of providing a positive heuristic tool to assist in the understanding of the TPP, and other upcoming treaties like the even more encompassing Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), and in so doing motivate the public health community to oppose the implementation of the relevant provisions of the agreements...
November 6, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812831/multisectoral-actions-for-health-challenges-and-opportunities-in-complex-policy-environments
#20
EDITORIAL
Viroj Tangcharoensathien, Orapan Srisookwatana, Poldej Pinprateep, Tipicha Posayanonda, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol
Multisectoral actions for health, defined as actions undertaken by non-health sectors to protect the health of the population, are essential in the context of inter-linkages between three dimensions of sustainable development: economic, social, and environmental. These multisectoral actions can address the social and economic factors that influence the health of a population at the local, national, and global levels. This editorial identifies the challenges, opportunities and capacity development for effective multisectoral actions for health in a complex policy environment...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
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