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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644926/gangnam-style-plastic-surgery-the-science-of-westernized-beauty-in-south-korea
#1
So Yeon Leem
New beauty ideals and particular types of plastic surgery beauty have emerged in South Korea from the early twenty-first century. By defining Gangnam-style plastic surgery as a hybrid of old Westernized beauty ideals and a new science of beauty with variations and contradictions, I intend to twist the simplistic understanding of non-Western plastic surgery as an effort to resemble the white westerner's body. I also draw political implications from a case of monstrous Gangnam-style beauty made by excessive plastic surgery...
June 23, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641826/the-chemical-history-of-morphine-an-8000-year-journey-from-resin-to-de-novo-synthesis
#2
Karolina Brook, Jessica Bennett, Sukumar P Desai
Evidence of human use of opium dates back as far as the sixth millennium BCE. Ancient societies through the Renaissance period created a variety of opium products, proliferating its common use and subsequent addiction. Because the active moiety was not known at this time, the potency of these opium concoctions could neither be predicted nor controlled. The first step in identifying opium's active ingredient, morphine, was its chemical isolation in the early 1800s by Wilhelm Sertürner. The subsequent elucidation of morphine's chemical formula and Sir Robert Robinson's derivation of morphine's structural formula, which won him the 1947 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, round out 150 years of the incremental advances in our chemical understanding of morphine...
April 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641704/understanding-the-factors-that-make-public-participation-effective-in-health-policy-and-planning-a-realist-synthesis
#3
Celso P Pagatpatan, Paul R Ward
Although researchers argue for the importance of involving the public in developing health policy, there has been little focus on central research questions - such as what techniques of public participation work, in what circumstances, and why. This paper presents a realist synthesis which identifies and explains the underlying mechanisms and specific contextual factors that lead to effective public participation in health policy and planning. Peer-reviewed, English language literature was searched, which resulted in 77 articles for review and synthesis...
June 23, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640683/the-public-health-practitioner-of-the-future
#4
Paul Campbell Erwin, Ross C Brownson
The requisite capacities and capabilities of the public health practitioner of the future are being driven by multiple forces of change, including public health agency accreditation, climate change, health in all policies, social media and informatics, demographic transitions, globalized travel, and the repercussions of the Affordable Care Act. We describe five critical capacities and capabilities that public health practitioners can build on to successfully prepare for and respond to these forces of change: systems thinking and systems methods, communication capacities, an entrepreneurial orientation, transformational ethics, and policy analysis and response...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640673/the-end-of-written-informed-consent-for-hiv-testing-not-with-a-bang-but-a-whimper
#5
Ronald Bayer, Morgan Philbin, Robert H Remien
In 2014, only two states in the United States still mandated specific written informed consent for HIV testing and, after years of controversy, New York ended this requirement, leaving only Nebraska. New York's shift to opt-out testing meant that a singular feature of what had characterized the exceptionalism surrounding HIV testing was eliminated. We trace the history of debates on written informed consent nationally and in New York State. Over the years of dispute from when HIV testing was initiated in 1985 to 2014, the evidence about the benefits and burdens of written informed consent changed...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640664/%C3%A2-somos-iguales-using-a-structural-violence-framework-to-understand-gender-and-health-inequities-from-an-intersectional-perspective-in-the-peruvian-amazon
#6
Geordan D Shannon, Angelica Motta, Carlos F Cáceres, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Diana Bowie, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: In the Peruvian Amazon, historical events of colonization and political marginalization intersect with identities of ethnicity, class and geography in the construction of gender and health inequities. Gender-based inequalities can manifest in poor health outcomes via discriminatory practices, healthcare system imbalances, inequities in health research, and differential exposures and vulnerabilities to diseases. Structural violence is a comprehensive framework to explain the mechanisms by which social forces such as poverty, racism and gender inequity become embodied as individual experiences and health outcomes, and thus may be a useful tool in structuring an intersectional analysis of gender and health inequities in Amazonian Peru...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640333/establishment-of-lactaton-rooms-in-public-and-private-companies-potentialities-and-difficulties
#7
Vanessa Martinhago Borges Fernandes, Evanguelia Kotzias Atherino Dos Santos, Alacoque Lorenzini Erdmann, Denise Elvira Pires de Pires, Maria de Fátima Mota Zampieri, Vitória Regina Petters Gregório
Objective: To know how managers of public and private companies view lactation support rooms and their implantation. Method: This is study is based on qualitative, exploratory, and descriptive research. Twenty managers from Greater Florianópolis participated in the research, in 2015. Data were collected by means of semi-structured/projective interviews, and subjected to content analysis associated with Atlas.ti software. Results: Data analysis led to the following two categories: difficulties and facilities of establishing a lactation room, with a predominance of financial difficulties and the lack of physical space...
June 5, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640282/heatwaves-to-soar-above-the-hot-air-of-climate-politics
#8
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639540/sts-as-science-or-politics
#9
Harry Collins, Robert Evans, Martin Weinel
In a recent editorial for this journal, Sergio Sismondo makes two claims. First, he states that STS bears no responsibility for the emergence of post-truth politics. Second, he claims that debates about the nature of expertise that take place within STS are irrelevant in this context. In contrast, we argue that, whether or not STS had a causal influence on the emergence of post-truth politics, there is a clear resonance between the two positions and that the current political climate makes the empirically informed and scientific analysis of expertise and the form of life of science more important than ever...
June 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639539/foreskin-and-the-molecular-politics-of-risk
#10
Aaron T Norton
In this paper, I examine disputes over recent claims that male circumcision reduces HIV risk to suggest a complicated relationship between risk individualization and categorization. Whereas randomized controlled trials (RCTs) conducted in sub-Saharan Africa appear to have provided key evidence for the World Health Organization's endorsement of male circumcision as an HIV prevention strategy, RCTs alone did not provide evidence for the underlying causal mechanism. For that, medical authorities have turned to histo-immunological studies of the foreskin's biomolecular vulnerability to HIV, thus molecularizing risk...
June 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639288/the-economics-and-politics-of-the-american-health-care-act
#11
Gail Wilensky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639238/multiple-sclerosis-in-latin-americans-genetic-aspects
#12
REVIEW
Victor M Rivera
Latin Americans (LA) are a heterogeneous, multiethnic group of individuals who inhabit the continental countries in Latin America (LATAM), Caribbean islands and constitute the largest ethnic minority in the USA. Commonly used terminology and ethno racial classifications to define these groups may not be accurate. Risk for multiple sclerosis (MS) among LA is generally low to medium but frequencies are increasing in the American hemisphere. Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) in LA show diverse variants and genetic proportions among Mestizos, the most representative ethnic population, who themselves are the product of centuries of interracial mixing between Native Americans (or Amerindians), White Caucasian Europeans, and Black Africans...
August 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638856/devising-a-composite-index-to-analyze-and-model-loneliness-and-related-health-risks-in-the-united-kingdom
#13
Laetitia Lucy, Luke Burns
Objective:This research presents a framework through which a spatial composite index is devised to determine areas of potential loneliness and associated health risks. The research is evidenced on the London borough of Southwark in the United Kingdom but is designed such that it could be applied more widely. Method: The work adopts a quantitative approach through the combination of census and accessibility variables at a small area level. The output is a scoring system whereby each area is assigned a value indicating the likely presence of loneliness and potentially corresponding health risks...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637454/relationships-of-work-characteristics-to-job-satisfaction-turnover-intention-and-burnout-among-doctors-in-the-district-public-private-mixed-health-system-of-bangladesh
#14
Ashim Roy, Trudy van der Weijden, Nanne de Vries
BACKGROUND: Work design integrates work characteristics having organizational, social and job components which influence employees' welfare and also organizational goals. We investigated the effects of work characteristics and other predictors to job satisfaction, turnover intention, and burnout in doctors of the public primary, public secondary and private facilities of the district health system of Bangladesh. METHODS: A quantitative study using a self-administered questionnaire containing mostly structured items was conducted among the public and private doctors with a sample size of 384 from 29 out of a total 64 districts of Bangladesh during October and November 2015...
June 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637441/impact-of-tobacco-industry-and-other-corporations-in-the-defeat-of-the-1994-clinton-health-care-plan
#15
Michael Givel
BACKGROUND: The primary reason cited by many scholars for the defeat of the Clinton Administration's 1994 health care reform bill has long been identified as Health Insurance Association of America and National Federation of Independent Businesses opposition to the bill. Given this predominant consensus combined with sizeable proposed funding for the bill by a large tobacco product tax, this manuscript examined what the tobacco industry's role was in whole or part in defeating the Clinton health care bill...
June 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635484/political-losses
#16
Stephanie Glanville
I am gutted Labour didn't win the election, as they promised to reintroduce the bursary. I put my nursing degree on hold for 16 months due to my daughter's illness. The new term begins in September, but I have lost my bursary and maintenance grant entitlement. I can no longer afford to do the course.
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634766/political-minimalism-and-social-debates-the-case-of-human-enhancement-technologies
#17
Javier Rodríguez-Alcázar
A faulty understanding of the relationship between morality and politics encumbers many contemporary debates on human enhancement. As a result, some ethical reflections on enhancement undervalue its social dimensions, while some social approaches to the topic lack normative import. In this essay, I use my own conception of the relationship between ethics and politics, which I call "political minimalism," in order to support and strengthen the existing social perspectives on human-enhancement technologies.
June 20, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634531/smallpox-vaccination-an-early-start-of-modern-medicine-in-america
#18
Dan Liebowitz
Smallpox was eradicated by the World Health Organization in 1980. Before its eradication thedisease had a mortality rate upwards of 50% and had a significant impact on society. During theAmerican Revolutionary war, smallpox outbreaks were impeding the American war effort until1777 when George Washington carried out a mass inoculation campaign in the ContinentalArmy that reduced the mortality from smallpox to less than 2%. Inoculation was an early formof vaccination that used live virus from active pustules to induce a milder, but still sometimesdeadly, case of disease...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634281/margaret-mccartney-health-inequality-has-to-be-political
#19
Margaret McCartney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634211/grenfell-tower-fire-why-we-cannot-ignore-the-political-determinants-of-health
#20
EDITORIAL
Martin McKee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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