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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906529/genes-behavior-and-behavior-genetics
#1
REVIEW
Evan Charney
According to the 'first law' of behavior genetics, 'All human behavioral traits are heritable.' Accepting the validity of this first law and employing statistical methods, researchers within psychology, sociology, political science, economics, and business claim to have demonstrated that all the behaviors studied by their disciplines are heritable-no matter how culturally specific these behaviors appear to be. Further, in many cases they claim to have identified specific genes that play a role in those behaviors...
December 1, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905948/changes-in-life-expectancy-1950-2010-contributions-from-age-and-disease-specific-mortality-in-selected-countries
#2
Jochen Klenk, Ulrich Keil, Andrea Jaensch, Marcus C Christiansen, Gabriele Nagel
BACKGROUND: Changes of life expectancy over time serve as an interesting public health indicator for medical, social and economic developments within populations. The aim of this study was to quantify changes of life expectancy between 1950 and 2010 and relate these to main causes of death. METHODS: Pollard's actuarial method of decomposing life expectancy was applied to compare the contributions of different age- and disease-groups on life expectancy in 5-year intervals...
May 23, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905455/academia-must-resist-political-confirmation-bias
#3
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905285/the-current-status-of-ticks-in-turkey-a-100-year-period-review-from-1916-to-2016
#4
Abdullah İnci, Alparslan Yıldırım, Önder Düzlü
Environmental and bio-ecological changes, some administrative and political mistakes, and global warming seriously affect the behaviors of ticks in Turkey and globally. The global public sensitivity toward tick infestations has increased along with increases in tick-borne diseases (TBDs). Recently, the World Health Organization (WHO) developed a new political concept, "One Health," for specific struggle strategies against tick infestations and TBDs. To highlight the importance of the issue, the WHO had declared the year 2015 for vector-borne diseases and adopted the slogan "small bites big threat"...
September 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905229/seek-guidance-before-sharing-your-experiences-online
#5
(no author information available yet)
Social media is everywhere: it accompanies us on our daily commute to work, helps us keep in touch with friends and family in far-flung places, enables us to make professional connections we wouldn't usually have access to, and even helps to win political elections.
December 1, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904844/cardiothoracic-surgical-experience-in-ghana
#6
REVIEW
Mark Tettey, Martin Tamatey, Frank Edwin
Ghana is one of the few low-to-middle-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa able to consistently sustain a cardiothoracic program with locally trained staff for more than two decades. Cardiothoracic surgery practice in Ghana started in 1964 but faltered from a combination of political and the economic problems. In 1989, Dr. Kwabena Frimpong-Boateng, a Ghanaian cardiothoracic surgeon trained in Hannover, rekindled interest in cardiothoracic surgery and in establishing a National Cardiothoracic Centre. His vision and leadership has brought cardiothoracic surgery practice in Ghana to its current high level...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904818/the-government-s-role-in-regulating-coordinating-and-standardizing-the-response-to-alzheimer-s-disease-anticipated-international-cooperation-in-the-area-of-intractable-and-rare-diseases
#7
REVIEW
Qi Tang, Peipei Song, Lingzhong Xu
The World Health Organization (WHO) has emphasized that aging of the population is inextricably linked to many other global public health issues, such as universal health coverage, non-communicable diseases, and disability. However, Alzheimer's Disease International (ADI) estimates that 46.8 million elderly people worldwide were living with dementia in 2015. Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common form of dementia, is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases and is the main cause of cognitive impairment...
November 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904657/negative-campaigning-and-the-logic-of-retaliation-in-multiparty-competition
#8
Martin Dolezal, Laurenz Ennser-Jedenastik, Wolfgang C Müller
The extant literature has demonstrated that the logic of retaliation is a core feature of negative campaigning. Attacks by one side induce counterattacks by the other. Yet most research on the interactive nature of negative campaigning is limited to two-party competition and provides little theoretical justification for why political actors should respond to attacks with counterattacks. The present paper addresses these research gaps. We argue that the negativity bias in human information processing and the zero-sum nature of elections make retaliation a rational strategy...
April 2016: Int J Press Polit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904626/respect-for-woman-s-decision-making-in-spontaneous-birth-a-thematic-synthesis-study
#9
Firoozeh MirzaeeRabor, Fattaneh Mirzaee, Khadigeh MirzaiiNajmabadi, Ali Taghipour
BACKGROUND: Participation of woman in decision-making processes is one of the key indicators of an appropriate relationship between a woman and the health care professionals. This study aimed to recognize the factors facilitating respect for woman's decision-making in spontaneous birth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper employed a meta-synthesis on articles published in four biomedical databases including MEDLINE, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library. All qualitative studies published after 1990 and directly or indirectly discussing the women's and the health care professional's attitudes toward respect for woman's decision-making in spontaneous birth were searched...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904435/the-challenges-of-primary-health-care-nurse-leaders-in-the-wake-of-new-health-care-reform-in-norway
#10
Wivi-Ann Tingvoll, Torill Sæterstrand, Leon Mendel McClusky
BACKGROUND: The local municipality, whose management style is largely inspired by the New Public Management (NPM) model, has administrative responsibilities for primary health care in Norway. Those responsible for health care at the local level often find themselves torn between their professional responsibilities and the municipality's market-oriented funding system. The introduction of the new health care reform process known as the Coordination Reform in January 2012 prioritises primary health care while simultaneously promoting a more collaborative and multidisciplinary approach to health care...
2016: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903199/the-2016-aans-presidential-address-leading-the-way
#11
H Hunt Batjer, Vin Shen Ban
This AANS presidential address focuses on enduring values of the neurosurgical profession that transcend the current political climate. The address was delivered by Dr. Batjer during a US presidential election year, but the authors have intentionally avoided discussing the current chaos of the American health care system in the knowledge that many pressing issues will change depending on the outcome of the 2016 elections. Instead, they have chosen to focus on clarifying what neurosurgeons, and the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, in particular, stand for; identifying important challenges to these fundamental principles and values; and proposing specific actions to address these challenges...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903161/a-call-for-saving-interdisciplinary-pain-management
#12
Xiulu Ruan, Alan David Kaye
Chronic pain is pervasive and costly. In 2011, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) released a landmark report on chronic pain, which estimated that more than 100 million Americans suffer from chronic pain, making pain a major and significant public health problem. The benefits of interdisciplinary pain management programs are undeniable and have been demonstrated for over a half century. Until health care leaders and other stakeholders such as insurers work together to ensure best practices in pain management, we will certainly end up in a lose-lose situation for both the health care teams and patients...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902741/factors-associated-with-breastfeeding-initiation-a-comparison-between-france-and-french-speaking-canada
#13
Lisa-Christine Girard, Sylvana M Côté, Blandine de Lauzon-Guillain, Lise Dubois, Bruno Falissard, Anne Forhan, Orla Doyle, Jonathan Y Bernard, Barbara Heude, Marie-Josephe Saurel-Cubizolles, Monique Kaminski, Michel Boivin, Richard E Tremblay
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with multiple domains of health for both mothers and children. Nevertheless, breastfeeding initiation is low within certain developed countries. Furthermore, comparative studies of initiation rates using harmonised data across multiple regions is scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate and compare individual-level determinants of breastfeeding initiation using two French-speaking cohorts. METHODS: Participants included ~ 3,900 mothers enrolled in two cohort studies in Canada and France...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902387/characterization-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-at-tripoli-medical-centre-libya-between-2008-and-2014
#14
Elloulu BenDarif, Asma Khalil, Abdunnabi Rayes, Emad Bennour, Abdulgader Dhawi, John J Lowe, Shawn Gibbs, Richard V Goering
Bacterial pathogens such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) represent a well-known public health problem affecting both healthcare-associated and community populations. Past studies have clearly shown the value of characterizing problem organisms including MRSA through the use of molecular techniques (i.e., strain typing), with the aim of informing local, regional, and national efforts in epidemiological analysis and infection control. The country of Libya represents a challenge for such analysis due to limited historical infectious disease information and major political unrest culminating in the Libyan Civil War (Libyan Revolution) in 2011...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900240/the-effect-of-malaysia-general-election-on-stock-market-returns
#15
Venus Khim-Sen Liew, Racquel Rowland
During the latest episode of general election held in Malaysia, it is observed that the FBMKLCI index was lifted 62.52 points in a day soon after the announcement of election outcome. Moreover, the index registered a highest gain of 96.29 points in the middle of the intra-day trade. This suggests that investors who had got the right direction could make profitable intra-day trading the next trading day of the general election date. Results from statistical analysis uncover significant before-election-effect and after-election-effect from the most recent general elections held in Malaysia...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896692/teaching-structure-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-structural-competency-training-for-resident-physicians
#16
Joshua Neff, Kelly R Knight, Shannon Satterwhite, Nick Nelson, Jenifer Matthews, Seth M Holmes
BACKGROUND: The influence of societal inequities on health has long been established, but such content has been incorporated unevenly into medical education and clinical training. Structural competency calls for medical education to highlight the important influence of social, political, and economic factors on health outcomes. AIM: This article describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a structural competency training for medical residents. SETTING: A California family medicine residency program serving a patient population predominantly (88 %) with income below 200 % of the federal poverty level...
November 28, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896550/global-trends-of-monitoring-and-data-collection-on-the-hiv-response-among-key-populations-since-the-2001-un-declaration-of-commitment-on-hiv-aids
#17
Julia Gall, Keith Sabin, Luisa Frescura, Miriam Lewis Sabin, Taavi Erkkola, Igor Toskin
Monitoring and evaluation indicators for HIV programs' response to the epidemic among key populations (sex workers, people who inject drugs, men who have sex with men, transgender people) are critical for reviewing the global response. From the beginning of global reporting, insufficiency of data has been a challenge for monitoring the epidemic response among key populations. However, key populations were only indirectly referenced in the 2001 Declaration of Commitment. By the 2006 Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS, data from key populations were still not required from every country, and were sparsely reported compared to other indicators...
November 28, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896407/mixed-methods-assessment-of-trauma-and-acute-care-surgical-quality-improvement-programs-in-peru
#18
Lacey N LaGrone, Amy K Fuhs, Eduardo Huaman Egoavil, Manuel J A Rodriguez Castro, Roberto Valderrama, Leah N Isquith-Dicker, Jaime Herrera-Matta, Charles N Mock
BACKGROUND: Evidence for the positive impact of quality improvement (QI) programs on morbidity, mortality, patient satisfaction, and cost is strong. Data regarding the status of QI programs in low- and middle-income countries, as well as in-depth examination of barriers and facilitators to their implementation, are limited. METHODS: This cross-sectional, descriptive study employed a mixed-methods design, including distribution of an anonymous quantitative survey and individual interviews with healthcare providers who participate in the care of the injured at ten large hospitals in Lima, Peru...
November 28, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895895/allergy-immunotherapy-across-the-life-cycle-to-promote-active-and-healthy-ageing-from-research-to-policies-an-airways-integrated-care-pathways-icps-programme-item-action-plan-b3-of-the-european-innovation-partnership-on-active-and-healthy-ageing-and-the-global
#19
REVIEW
M A Calderon, P Demoly, T Casale, C A Akdis, C Bachert, M Bewick, B M Bilò, B Bohle, S Bonini, A Bush, D P Caimmi, G W Canonica, V Cardona, A M Chiriac, L Cox, A Custovic, F De Blay, P Devillier, A Didier, G Di Lorenzo, G Du Toit, S R Durham, P Eng, A Fiocchi, A T Fox, R Gerth van Wijk, R M Gomez, T Haathela, S Halken, P W Hellings, L Jacobsen, J Just, L K Tanno, J Kleine-Tebbe, L Klimek, E F Knol, P Kuna, D E Larenas-Linnemann, A Linneberg, M Matricardi, H J Malling, R Moesges, J Mullol, A Muraro, N Papadopoulos, G Passalacqua, E Pastorello, O Pfaar, D Price, P Rodriguez Del Rio, R Ruëff, B Samolinski, G K Scadding, G Senti, M H Shamji, A Sheikh, J C Sisul, D Sole, G J Sturm, A Tabar, R Van Ree, M T Ventura, C Vidal, E M Varga, M Worm, T Zuberbier, J Bousquet
Allergic diseases often occur early in life and persist throughout life. This life-course perspective should be considered in allergen immunotherapy. In particular it is essential to understand whether this al treatment may be used in old age adults. The current paper was developed by a working group of AIRWAYS integrated care pathways for airways diseases, the model of chronic respiratory diseases of the European Innovation Partnership on active and healthy ageing (DG CONNECT and DG Santé). It considered (1) the political background, (2) the rationale for allergen immunotherapy across the life cycle, (3) the unmet needs for the treatment, in particular in preschool children and old age adults, (4) the strategic framework and the practical approach to synergize current initiatives in allergen immunotherapy, its mechanisms and the concept of active and healthy ageing...
2016: Clinical and Translational Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895886/back-to-the-ussr-how-colors-might-shape-the-political-perception-of-east-versus-west
#20
Fabian Gebauer, Marius H Raab, Claus-Christian Carbon
People typically process information to confirm their prior held attitudes and stereotypes. As the political relations between NATO and Russia have distinctively drifted apart in recent years, we were interested in how far old-established color depictions referring to the Cold War's demarcations (USSR = red; NATO = blue) might reinforce people's political perception of an East versus West antagonism nowadays. Participants received a fabricated news article in which both world powers were either depicted on a map as Russia = red and NATO = blue or vice versa (Study 1)...
November 2016: I-Perception
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