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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641039/an-empirical-investigation-of-campus-demographics-and-reported-rapes
#1
Jacquelyn D Wiersma-Mosley, Kristen N Jozkowski, Taylor Martinez
OBJECTIVE: Rape on college campuses continues to be a pervasive public health issue with approximately 11% of women experiencing rape while in college. As such, it is important to examine factors unique to college campuses that influence the occurrences of rape. METHODS: Using data from 1,423 four-year universities (public and private with at least 1,000 students) from the Office of Education and the Clery Act (2014), we examined institutional risk factors, such as tuition, liquor violations, Greek-life, athletic programs, institution type (public vs...
June 22, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637266/family-caregivers-of-older-adults-1999-2015-trends-in-characteristics-circumstances-and-role-related-appraisal
#2
Jennifer L Wolff, John Mulcahy, Jin Huang, David L Roth, Kenneth Covinsky, Judith D Kasper
Purpose of Study: To assess trends in family caregiving between 1999 and 2015. Design and Methods: We construct nationally representative profiles of community-dwelling older adults receiving help with self-care or indoor mobility and their "primary" family or unpaid caregiver using the 1999 and 2004 National Long Term Care Survey, 2011 and 2015 National Health and Aging Trends Study, and linked caregiver surveys. Trends are examined. Results: Older adults receiving help were incrementally younger, more racially diverse, and better educated in 2015...
June 16, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637200/an-emerging-theoretical-model-of-music-therapy-student-development
#3
Abbey L Dvorak, Eugenia Hernandez-Ruiz, Sekyung Jang, Borin Kim, Megan Joseph, Kori E Wells
Background: Music therapy students negotiate a complex relationship with music and its use in clinical work throughout their education and training. This distinct, pervasive, and evolving relationship suggests a developmental process unique to music therapy. Objective: The purpose of this grounded theory study was to create a theoretical model of music therapy students' developmental process, beginning with a study within one large Midwestern university. Methods: Participants (N = 15) were music therapy students who completed one 60-minute intensive interview, followed by a 20-minute member check meeting...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637192/an-explorative-study-examining-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-training-in-the-field-of-music-therapy
#4
Anita L Gadberry, Alison Sweeney
Background: Music therapists work with many people who require Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC). As communication goals are central to music therapy practice, many music therapists would benefit from training in AAC. Objective: The purpose of this survey study was to determine the state of AAC education for music therapists at the university level, how AAC is being used in music therapy sessions, and how practicing music therapists are trained in AAC...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636540/implementation-and-utilization-of-the-molecular-tumor-board-to-guide-precision-medicine
#5
REVIEW
Shuko Harada, Rebecca Arend, Qian Dai, Jessica A Levesque, Thomas S Winokur, Rongjun Guo, Martin J Heslin, Lisle Nabell, L Burt Nabors, Nita A Limdi, Kevin A Roth, Edward E Partridge, Gene P Siegal, Eddy S Yang
BACKGROUND: With rapid advances in genomic medicine, the complexity of delivering precision medicine to oncology patients across a university health system demanded the creation of a Molecular Tumor Board (MTB) for patient selection and assessment of treatment options. The objective of this report is to analyze our progress to date and discuss the importance of the MTB in the implementation of personalized medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were reviewed in the MTB for appropriateness for comprehensive next generation sequencing (NGS) cancer gene set testing based on set criteria that were in place...
June 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634874/the-childcare-center-an-untapped-opportunity-to-engage-and-educate-families-in-healthy-behaviors
#6
Michelle M Cloutier, James F Wiley, Christine Trapp, Jennifer Haile, Amy A Gorin
Obesity rates in preschool children are high and disproportionately affect low-income children of color in the USA. Since 80% of preschool children spend ∼40 h/week in out-of-the home childcare, childcare centers are promising sites for obesity prevention interventions. Mixed methods were used to develop, implement, and assess the feasibility of an obesity prevention program for children 2-5 years. The intervention which consisted of brief (1-3 min), interactive, educational modules was developed by content experts and parents (n = 20) and targeted four areas (milk, sugar sweetened beverages, screen time, and physical activity)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634631/sages-university-masters-program-a-structured-curriculum-for-deliberate-lifelong-learning
#7
Daniel B Jones, Dimitrios Stefanidis, James R Korndorffer, Justin B Dimick, Brian P Jacob, Linda Schultz, Daniel J Scott
BACKGROUND: Postgraduate training has been haphazard to date. Surgeons have relied on attendance to annual meetings and multiple choice study guides to demonstrate maintenance of certification and continuing medical education. METHODS: SAGES held a retreat to develop the concept and scope of the Masters Program. Surveys were sent to SAGES members to guide curriculum development and selection of anchoring operations. RESULTS: SAGES has developed an educational curriculum across eight domains (Acute Care, Biliary, Bariatric, Colorectal, Hernia, Foregut, Flex Endoscopy, and Robotic Surrey) incorporating SAGES educational materials and guidelines, social media, coaching and mentoring...
June 20, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633915/patient-centered-care-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a%C3%A2-vision%C3%A2-for%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-future
#8
REVIEW
Janet Hilbert, Henry K Yaggi
Obstructive sleep apnea is a common condition, with multiple potential neurocognitive, cardiovascular, and metabolic consequences. Efficacious treatment is available, but patient engagement is typically required for treatment to be effective. Patients with sleep apnea are phenotypically diverse and have individual needs, preferences, and values that impact treatment decisions. There has been a shift in obstructive sleep apnea management from diagnosis to chronic care management. Making treatment decisions that incorporate an individual patient's values and preferences and are personalized for that patient's biology has the potential to improve patient outcomes...
February 24, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633732/to-err-is-human-can-american-medicine-learn-from-past-mistakes
#9
Jeffrey B Ritterman
The history of medicine includes many errors. Some persisted for decades and caused great harm. Several are highlighted in this article, including the mythical thymic diseases: thymic asthma and status thymicolymphaticus. Some medical mistakes, such as the diet-heart hypothesis of Ancel Keys, continue to cause harm. To avoid future errors and their associated harm, I suggest a cultural shift encouraging professional humility and greater questioning of medical dogma. Medical education focused on teaching students this history may help with this cultural shift...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633703/tuberculosis-inequalities-and-socio-economic-deprivation-in-portugal
#10
D Apolinário, A I Ribeiro, E Krainski, P Sousa, M Abranches, R Duarte
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the geographical distribution of tuberculosis (TB) in Portugal and estimate the association between TB and socio-economic deprivation. METHODS: An ecological study at the municipality level using TB notifications for 2010-2014 was conducted. Spatial Bayesian models were used to calculate smoothed standardised notification rates, identify high- and low-risk areas and estimate the association between TB notification and the European Deprivation Index (EDI) for Portugal and its component variables...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633453/a-multifaceted-quality-improvement-strategy-reduces-the-risk-of-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection
#11
Cecelia N Theobald, Matthew J Resnick, Thomas Spain, Robert S Dittus, Christianne L Roumie
Objective: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are common and preventable hospital-acquired infections, yet their rate continues to rise nationwide. We describe the implementation of a multifaceted program to reduce catheter use and CAUTI rates while simultaneously addressing barriers to long-term success. Design/Setting/Participants: Pre-post study of medical inpatient veterans between December 2012 and February 2015. Intervention: Five component intervention: (i) a bedside catheter reminder; (ii) multidisciplinary educational campaign; (iii) structured catheter order set with clinical decision support; (iv) automated catheter discontinuation orders; and (v) protocol for post-catheter removal care...
June 17, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633175/the-marshall-family-medicine-residency-twintern-schedule-the-impact-of-an-innovative-hospital-coverage-scheme-on-resident-fatigue
#12
Adam Franks, Stephen M Petrany, Sydnee McElroy, Adam Alley
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Work hour restriction has strained the balance between resident service and education. Night Float (NF) rotations are a popular answer to managing this balance but weakens continuity, an essential tenant of family medicine. An innovative short call system for Marshall University's Family Medicine Hospital Service (FMHS), the twINTERN call model, was created in response. We studied the impact of this approach on resident fatigue. METHODS: Anonymous surveys assessed fatigue of the Marshall University's 2013-2014 Family Medicine intern resident class while on NF rotations (ICU, Pediatrics and Surgery) and the twINTERN call...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632955/the-hallmarks-of-midwifery-connect-this-diverse-pharmacology-continuing-education-theme-issue
#13
EDITORIAL
Frances E Likis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632873/screening-for-obesity-and-intervention-for-weight-management-in-children-and-adolescents-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#14
Elizabeth A O'Connor, Corinne V Evans, Brittany U Burda, Emily S Walsh, Michelle Eder, Paula Lozano
Importance: Obesity is common in children and adolescents in the United States, is associated with negative health effects, and increases the likelihood of obesity in adulthood. Objective: To systematically review the benefits and harms of screening and treatment for obesity and overweight in children and adolescents to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Collaboration Registry of Controlled Trials, and the Education Resources Information Center through January 22, 2016; references of relevant publications; government websites...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632662/treatment-of-incomplete-jones-fractures-with-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-lipus
#15
Tateishi Tomohiko, Tsuyoshi Nagase, Teruhiko Nakagawa, Tsuchiya Masamitsu
OBJECTIVE: Stress fractures of the proximal epiphysis of the fifth metatarsal bone (termed Jones fracture) frequently occur in both senior high-school-age and older contestant-level soccer players, and its incidence in Japanese soccer players is higher than that in European players. Surgery is most commonly indicated for a complete fracture, and about 3 months are required before the patient is able to return to the sport. We have performed a "Jones fracture screening" to reduce the incidence of these fractures...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632610/instructions-for-obtaining-anesthesiology-continuing-medical-education-cme-credit
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632444/the-structural-consequences-of-big-data-driven-education
#17
Elana Zeide
Educators and commenters who evaluate big data-driven learning environments focus on specific questions: whether automated education platforms improve learning outcomes, invade student privacy, and promote equality. This article puts aside separate unresolved-and perhaps unresolvable-issues regarding the concrete effects of specific technologies. It instead examines how big data-driven tools alter the structure of schools' pedagogical decision-making, and, in doing so, change fundamental aspects of America's education enterprise...
June 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632425/factors-influencing-occupational-therapists-decision-to-supervise-fieldwork-students
#18
Joscelyn Varland, Elizabeth Cardell, Jeanette Koski, Molly McFadden
The purpose of this study was to identify factors that influence the decision to supervise a Level II occupational therapy fieldwork student. A survey was sent to occupational therapists identified from licensure boards and alumni rosters, including those who have and have not supervised students (n = 548). The results identified both positive and negative influences along with predictive factors of supervising a student. While positive factors included continuing education units, education on fieldwork expectations, their own fieldwork experiences, shared supervision, and access to educational resources, negative influences consisted of: job responsibilities, caseload, productivity standards, working part-time, and fear of failing a student...
June 20, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632201/advantageous-developmental-outcomes-of-advancing-paternal-age
#19
M Janecka, F Rijsdijk, D Rai, A Modabbernia, A Reichenberg
Advanced paternal age (APA) at conception has been associated with negative outcomes in offspring, raising concerns about increasing age at fatherhood. Evidence from evolutionary and psychological research, however, suggests possible link between APA and a phenotypic advantage. We defined such advantage as educational success, which is positively associated with future socioeconomic status. We hypothesised that high IQ, strong focus on the subject of interest and little concern about 'fitting in' will be associated with such success...
June 20, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632014/coaching-the-coach-a-program-for-development-of-faculty-portfolio-coaches
#20
Jack Kopechek, Cheryl Bardales, A Todd Lash, Curtis Walker, Sheryl Pfeil, Cynthia H Ledford
PROBLEM: Faculty coaching is recognized as an essential element for effective use of portfolios in undergraduate medical education, yet best practices for training these coaches are uncertain. INTERVENTION: New portfolio coaches participated in a multifaceted training program that included orienting modules, a 7.5-hr training workshop featuring analysis of reflective writing, an Observed Structured Teaching Exercise (OSTE), and subsequent longitudinal coaches' meetings for timely task training...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
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