keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

HIV and cardiovascular

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801428/relationship-between-estimated-cardiovascular-disease-risk-and-insulin-resistance-in-a-black-african-population-living-with-hiv-a-cross-sectional-study-from-cameroon
#1
Steve Raoul Noumegni, Jean Joel Bigna, Vicky Jocelyne Ama Moor Epse Nkegoum, Jobert Richie Nansseu, Felix K Assah, Ahmadou Musa Jingi, Magellan Guewo-Fokeng, Steve Leumi, Jean-Claude Katte, Mesmin Y Dehayem, Liliane Mfeukeu Kuate, Andre Pascal Kengne, Eugene Sobngwi
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and metabolic diseases are growing concerns among patients with HIV infection as a consequence of the improving survival of this population. We aimed to assess the relationship between CVD risk and insulin resistance in a group of black African individuals with HIV infection. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved patients with HIV infection aged 30-74 years and followed up at the Yaoundé Central Hospital, Cameroon...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799999/features-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-in-adults-and-children-living-with-hiv
#2
Andrew W McCrary, Chidozie U Nduka, Saverio Stranges, Gerald S Bloomfield
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article addresses crucial issues in identifying risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in people living with HIV in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). These issues are in need of urgent attention to advance our knowledge and inform actions to mitigate CVD in this population. We address CVDs in adults living with HIV as well as the unique aspects pertaining to children living with HIV (CLHIV), a group sorely under-represented in this field. RECENT FINDINGS: CVDs affecting adults such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, coronary artery disease, and heart failure, in addition to myocardial dysfunction, vascular diseases, and autoimmune phenomena are also being reported in CLHIV...
August 10, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799997/epidemiology-of-ischemic-heart-disease-in-hiv
#3
Virginia A Triant, Steven K Grinspoon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize and synthesize recent data on the risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD) in HIV-infected individuals. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies in the field demonstrate an increasing impact of cardiovascular disease (CVD) on morbidity and mortality in HIV relative to AIDS-related diagnoses. Studies continue to support an approximately 1.5 to two-fold increased risk of IHD conferred by HIV, with specific risk varying by sex and virologic/immunologic status...
August 10, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799996/tobacco-illicit-drugs-use-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-living-with-hiv
#4
Sergio Raposeiras-Roubín, Emad Abu-Assi, Andrés Iñiguez-Romo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is a strong link between HIV, smoking and illicit drugs. This association could be clinically relevant as it may potentiate the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The purpose of this review is to bring readers up-to-date on issues concerning the cardiovascular risk associated with tobacco and illicit drugs in patients living with HIV (PLHIV), examinating the studies related to this topic published in the last year. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a strong association between smoking and atherosclerotic disease in PLHIV, reducing life expectancy secondary to CVD by up to 6 years...
August 10, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797289/insulin-resistance-and-associated-factors-among-hiv-infected-patients-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-cross-sectional-study-from-cameroon
#5
Steve Raoul Ngongang Noumegni, Jobert Richie Nansseu, Vicky Jocelyne Moor Ama, Jean Joel Bigna, Felix Kembe Assah, Magellan Guewo-Fokeng, Steve Leumi, Jean-Claude Katte, Mesmin Dehayem, Andre Pascal Kengne, Eugene Sobngwi
BACKGROUND: Little is known on the magnitude and correlates of insulin resistance in HIV-infected people in Africa. We determined the prevalence of insulin resistance and investigated associated factors in HIV-infected adult Cameroonians. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study at the Yaoundé Central Hospital, Cameroon; during which we enrolled HIV-infected people aged 30 to 74 years with no previous history of cardiovascular disease. An homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) like index served to assess insulin sensitivity with insulin resistance defined by values of 2...
August 10, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797021/personalized-risk-index-for-neurocognitive-decline-among-people-with-well-controlled-hiv-infection
#6
Tracy Yuen, Marie-Josée Brouillette, Lesley K Fellows, Ronald J Ellis, Scott Letendre, Robert Heaton, Nancy Mayo
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the predictors of neurocognitive decline in HIV+ individuals with good virological control. Identification of modifiable risk factors would allow targeted interventions to reduce the risk of decline in higher risk individuals. The objective of this study was to develop a risk index to predict neurocognitive decline over 3 years in aviremic HIV+ individuals. METHODS: As part of the CNS HIV Anti-Retroviral Therapy Effects Research (CHARTER) study, HIV+ adults completed clinical evaluation and neuropsychological tests every 6 months...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796027/heart-fat-in-hiv-marker-or-mediator-of-risk
#7
Jonathan Buggey, Chris T Longenecker
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review aims to summarize the literature describing the clinical impact of cardiac fat depots in patients with HIV infection. RECENT FINDINGS: People living with HIV (PLHIV) have accelerated rates of cardiovascular disease, and are prone to the development of ectopic fat deposition. Specifically, PLHIV have higher volumes of epicardial and intracardiac fat quantified by noninvasive imaging. Higher volumes of epicardial fat may be related to antiretroviral therapy duration and chronic inflammation, independently of other measures of body adiposity such as BMI...
August 8, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793863/cardiovascular-risk-and-dyslipidemia-among-persons-living-with-hiv-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Paolo Maggi, Antonio Di Biagio, Stefano Rusconi, Stefania Cicalini, Maurizio D'Abbraccio, Gabriella d'Ettorre, Canio Martinelli, Giuseppe Nunnari, Laura Sighinolfi, Vincenzo Spagnuolo, Nicola Squillace
BACKGROUND: Aim of this review is to focus the attention on people living with HIV infection at risk of developing a cardiovascular event. What is or what would be the most suitable antiretroviral therapy? Which statin or fibrate to reduce the risk? How to influence behavior and lifestyles? DISCUSSION: Prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk remains the first and essential step in a medical intervention on these patients. The lifestyle modification, including smoking cessation, increased physical activity, weight reduction, and the education on healthy dietary practices are the main instruments...
August 9, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792285/awareness-and-management-of-elevated-blood-pressure-among-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-adults-receiving-antiretroviral-therapy-in-urban-zambia-a-call-to-action
#9
Sophie Bauer, Mwanza Wa Mwanza, Roma Chilengi, Charles B Holmes, Zude Zyambo, Hansjakob Furrer, Matthias Egger, Gilles Wandeler, Michael J Vinikoor
The prevalence of high blood pressure (HBP) and hypertension (HTN), awareness of the diagnoses, and use of anti-hypertensive drugs were examined among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Zambia's capital Lusaka. Within a prospective cohort based at two public sector ART clinics, BP was measured at ART initiation and every 6 months thereafter as a routine clinic procedure. Predictors of HBP (systolic BP ≥140 mmHg or diastolic BP ≥90 mmHg) during one year on ART were analyzed using logistic regression, and the proportion with HTN (2+ episodes of HBP >3 months apart) described...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779949/cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-hiv
#10
REVIEW
Flavia Ballocca, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Sebastiano Gili, Walter Grosso Marra, Fiorenzo Gaita
With the progressive increase in life expectancy of HIV-positive patient, thanks to "highly active antiretroviral therapy" (HAART), new comorbidities, and especially cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are emerging as an important concern. An increased risk of coronary artery disease, often in a younger age, has been observed in this population. The underlying pathophysiology is complex and partially still unclear, with the interaction of viral infection-and systemic inflammation-antiretroviral therapy and traditional risk factors...
June 12, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777120/multicenter-aids-cohort-study-quantitative-coronary-plaque-progression-study-rationale-and-design
#11
Rine Nakanishi, Wendy S Post, Kazuhiro Osawa, Eranthi Jayawardena, Michael Kim, Nasim Sheidaee, Negin Nezarat, Sina Rahmani, Nicholas Kim, Nicolai Hathiramani, Shriraj Susarla, Frank Palella, Mallory Witt, Michael J Blaha, Todd T Brown, Lawrence Kingsley, Sabina A Haberlen, Christopher Dailing, Matthew J Budoff
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The association of HIV with coronary atherosclerosis has been established; however, the progression of coronary atherosclerosis over time among participants with HIV is not well known. The Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study Quantitative Coronary Plaque Progression Study is a large prospective multicenter study quantifying progression of coronary plaque assessed by serial coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: HIV-infected and uninfected men who were enrolled in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study Cardiovascular Substudy were eligible to complete a follow-up contrast coronary CTA 3-6 years after baseline...
August 2, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774757/clinical-management-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-hiv-infected-patients
#12
EDITORIAL
Alison Kearns, Tricia H Burdo, Xuebin Qin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763308/revascularization-strategies-and-in-hospital-management-in-acute-coronary-syndromes-complicated-by-hemophilia-a-or-hemophilia-b
#13
Matthew J Reilley, Anne Blair, William H Matthai, Rolando Vega, Meghan Buckley, Phyllis A Gimotty, Patrick F Fogarty
: Among adult patients with hemophilia A and hemophilia B the emergent management of acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) is challenging, and exposure to antithrombotic agents and/or revascularization procedures may confer an enhanced risk of bleeding. We sought to identify clinical characteristics and in-hospital outcomes among ACS patients with hemophilia A/hemophilia B, compared with matched noncoagulopathic ACS controls. Case discharges from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (1998-2011) had International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision codes for hemophilia A/hemophilia B and ACS...
July 29, 2017: Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis: An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762691/hiv-associated-complications-a-systems-based-approach
#14
REVIEW
Carolyn Chu, Lealah C Pollock, Peter A Selwyn
Persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection often develop complications related directly to the infection, as well as to treatment. Aging, lifestyle factors, and comorbidities increase the risk of developing chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease. HIV-associated neurologic complications encompass a wide spectrum of pathophysiology and symptomatology. Cardiovascular and pulmonary conditions are common among persons with HIV infection. Although some specific antiretroviral medications have been linked to disease development, traditional risk factors (e...
August 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758024/serum-lipid-and-glucose-profiles-in-hiv-positive-nigerian-children
#15
EDITORIAL
Olukemi O Ige, Christopher S Yilgwan, Augustine O Ebonyi, Ruth Adah, Idris Adedeji, Esther S Yiltok, Stephen Oguche, Fidelia Bode-Thomas
OBJECTIVES: To describe the fasting serum lipid and glucose profiles of HIV-positive Nigerian children and determine the prevalence and risk factors for dyslipidaemia and hyperglycaemia, which are risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: This was a comparative cross-sectional study carried out at the Paediatric Infectious Disease Clinic (PIDC) of the Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH) for HIV-positive children and at two primary schools in Jos for HIV-negative children as controls...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754089/predictive-factors-and-prevalence-of-microalbuminuria-in-hiv-infected-patients-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#16
Katia Falasca, Marta Di Nicola, Italo Porfilio, Claudio Ucciferri, Elisabetta Schiaroli, Chiara Gabrielli, Daniela Francisci, Jacopo Vecchiet
BACKGROUND: Renal dysfunction is a common problem in the HIV+ population, due to the effect of both the HIV virus and the several classes of ARV drugs such as tenofovir (TDF). It is also known that the presence of renal damage correlates with cardiovascular risk and therefore with the risk of mortality of the patients accordingly. The detection of early renal damage is very important. Albuminuria and microalbuminuria are markers of early kidney disease and cardiovascular risk. The aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of microalbuminuria in a large polycentric sample, of unselected and consecutive HIV-patients followed as outpatients, and to assess its association with different therapeutic regimens...
July 28, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750777/prevalence-of-periodontitis-dental-caries-and-peri-implant-pathology-and-their-relation-with-systemic-status-and-smoking-habits-results-of-an-open-cohort-study-with-22009-patients-in-a-private-rehabilitation-center
#17
Miguel de Araújo Nobre, Paulo Maló
OBJECTIVES: This investigation, based on a 3-year epidemiological surveillance open cohort study, aimed to provide an insight of the prevalence of periodontitis, dental caries and peri-implant pathology and to compare inferentially between healthy and systemic compromised patients. METHODS: A total of 22009 patients were observed consisting in 9035 men (41.1%) and 12974 women (58.9%) with an average age of 48.5 years (standard deviation of 15.6 years). The prevalence of the 3 chronical oral diseases was calculated...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749986/the-role-of-the-tissue-factor-and-its-inhibitor-in-the-development-of-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-people-living-with-hiv
#18
Katarzyna Barska, Wiesława Kwiatkowska, Brygida Knysz, Katarzyna Arczyńska, Maciej Karczewski, Wojciech Witkiewicz
INTRODUCTION: HIV infection is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in connection with atherosclerosis and thromboembolic complications. The pathogenesis of atherosclerosis is still unclear in this group of patients. Studies on pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in the general population emphasize the role of the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation, particularly the tissue factor (TF) and tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI). The effect of persistent activation of the immune system on enhanced expression of TF on the surface of monocytes in subjects infected with HIV is known to be correlated with the level of HIV RNA in blood serum...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746656/mortality-due-to-noncommunicable-diseases-in-brazil-1990-to-2015-according-to-estimates-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#19
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Elisabeth França, Daisy Maria Xavier Abreu, Rosângela Durso Perillo, Maíra Coube Salmen, Renato Azeredo Teixeira, Valeria Passos, Maria de Fátima Marinho Souza, Meghan Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading health problem globally and generate high numbers of premature deaths and loss of quality of life. The aim here was to describe the major groups of causes of death due to NCDs and the ranking of the leading causes of premature death between 1990 and 2015, according to the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study estimates for Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study covering Brazil and its 27 federal states...
May 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738800/benchmarked-performance-charts-using-principal-components-analysis-to-improve-the-effectiveness-of-feedback-for-audit-data-in-hiv-care
#20
Skevi Michael, Mark Gompels, Caroline Sabin, Hilary Curtis, Margaret T May
BACKGROUND: Feedback tools for clinical audit data that compare site-specific results to average performance over all sites can be useful for quality improvement. Proposed tools should be simple and clearly benchmark the site's performance, so that a relevant action plan can be directly implemented to improve patient care services. We aimed to develop such a tool in order to feedback data to UK HIV clinics participating in the 2015 British HIV Association (BHIVA) audit assessing compliance with the 2011 guidelines for routine investigation and monitoring of adult HIV-1- infected individuals...
July 24, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
keyword
keyword
18339
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"