keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

HIV and cardiovascular

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149706/exploring-the-impact-of-route-of-administration-on-medication-acceptance-in-hospitalized-patients-implications-for-venous-thromboembolism-prevention
#1
Victor O Popoola, Farrah Tavakoli, Brandyn D Lau, Matthew Lankiewicz, Patricia Ross, Peggy Kraus, Dauryne Shaffer, Deborah B Hobson, Jonathan K Aboagye, Norma A Farrow, Elliott R Haut, Michael B Streiff
BACKGROUND: Non-administration of venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis contributes to preventable patient harm. We hypothesized that non-administration would be more common for parenteral VTE prophylaxis than oral infectious disease or cardiac prophylaxis or for treatment medications. The primary study goal was to determine if non-administration of parenteral VTE prophylaxis is more frequent than other prophylactic or treatment medications. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study of consecutive admissions we used descriptive statistics and risk ratios (RR) to compare the number of non-administered doses of VTE prophylaxis, oral infectious disease and cardiovascular prophylaxis and treatment medications...
October 21, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138182/disparities-in-the-quality-of-cardiovascular-care-between-hiv-infected-versus-hiv-uninfected-adults-in-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Joseph A Ladapo, Adam K Richards, Cassandra M DeWitt, Nina T Harawa, Steven Shoptaw, William E Cunningham, John N Mafi
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is emerging as a major cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with HIV. We compared use of national guideline-recommended cardiovascular care during office visits among HIV-infected versus HIV-uninfected adults. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected patients aged 40 to 79 years in the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey/National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, 2006 to 2013...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135584/concomitant-medication-polypharmacy-interactions-and-imperfect-adherence-are-common-in-australian-adults-on-suppressive-art
#3
Krista J Siefried, Limin Mao, Lucette A Cysique, John Rule, Michelle L Giles, Don E Smith, James Mcmahon, Tim R Read, Catriona Ooi, Ban K Tee, Mark Bloch, John de Wit, Andrew Carr
OBJECTIVES: We quantified concomitant medication (CM) polypharmacy, pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) interactions, adverse effects and adherence in Australian adults on effective ART. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Patients recruited into a nation-wide cohort and assessed for prevalence and type of CM (including polypharmacy, defined as ≥5 CMs), PK or PD interactions, potential CM adverse effects and CM adherence. Factors associated with CM polypharmacy and with imperfect adherence were identified using multivariable logistic regression...
November 10, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135581/high-rates-of-hypertension-diabetes-elevated-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-hiv-infected-patients-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-malawi
#4
Sekai C Mathabire Rücker, Alia Tayea, Joseph Bitilinyu-Bangoh, Elkin H Bermúdez-Aza, Leon Salumu, Isabel A Quiles, Elisabeth Szumilin, Zengani Chirwa, Fernanda Rick, David Maman
OBJECTIVES: Data on cardiovascular disease risks among HIV-infected patients taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) over long periods of time are lacking in Sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Chiradzulu, Malawi from December 2015 to June 2016. HIV-infected persons on ART for more than 10 years (patients) and HIV-negative individuals (controls) from selected clinics participated. Following informed consent, a standardized questionnaire, clinical and laboratory examinations were performed...
November 10, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135056/a-systematic-review-of-the-associations-between-hiv-hcv-coinfection-and-biomarkers-of-cardiovascular-disease
#5
REVIEW
Olatokunbo Osibogun, Oluseye Ogunmoroti, Erin D Michos, Erica S Spatz, Babatunde Olubajo, Khurram Nasir, Wasim Maziak
The incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection has been increasing with over 10 million people affected globally. The role biomarkers play as predictors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among coinfected individuals is not well defined. We aimed to systematically review current evidence describing CVD biomarkers among individuals with HIV/HCV coinfection. We searched EMBASE, CINAHL, Google Scholar, PubMed, and Web of Science from inception to June 2017. MeSH terms and keywords were used to identify studies with information on HIV/HCV coinfection and CVD biomarkers (structural, functional, and serological) such as carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), endothelial markers, C-reactive protein (CRP), homocysteine, and lipids...
November 14, 2017: Reviews in Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132735/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-in-hiv-infected-patients-relation-with-nutritional-status-and-cardiovascular-risk
#6
Sara Policarpo, Teresa Rodrigues, Ana Catarina Moreira, Emília Valadas
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) has been associated to a lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and a lower cardiovascular risk (CVR). Our aim was to assess HIV infected individual's adherence to the MedDiet and its relationship with nutritional status and CVR. METHODS: Clinical and anthropometric data were collected and a nutritional assessment was performed. Adherence to the MedDiet was assessed using the questionnaire MedDietScore, ranging from 0 to 55, where higher scores indicated a higher adherence...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123368/atherosclerosis-is-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-hepatic-steatosis-in-hiv-infected-patients
#7
REVIEW
A Zizza, M Guido, M R Tumolo, A De Donno, F Bagordo, P Grima
Introduction: Cardiovascular Diseases (CD) have emerged as a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV population. Some studies have reported higher carotid Intima Media Thickness (c-IMT), a measure of subclinical atherosclerosis (AT), in this cohort of patients. Methods: Here, we evaluate the role of Hepatic Steatosis (HS) as likely marker for AT in 128 HIV-infected patients without hepatitis C infection. c-IMT has been detected non-invasively by carotid ultrasonography to assess the progression of AT...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121596/the-impact-of-long-term-moderate-and-heavy-alcohol-consumption-on-incident-atherosclerosis-among-persons-living-with-hiv
#8
N E Kelso-Chichetto, M Plankey, D S Sheps, A G Abraham, X Chen, S Shoptaw, R C Kaplan, W S Post, R L Cook
BACKGROUND: Level of alcohol consumption is associated with differential risk of atherosclerosis, but little research has investigated this association among HIV+ persons. We evaluated the association between long-term alcohol use and incident atherosclerosis among HIV+ persons. METHODS: We utilized data from HIV+ participants of the Women's Interagency HIV Study (n=483) and the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (n=305) without history of cardiovascular disease. Atherosclerosis was assessed two times by B-mode carotid artery ultrasound imaging from 2004 to 2013...
October 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120901/limiting-cardiovascular-events-associated-with-hiv-and-antiretroviral-therapy
#9
Bluma G Brenner, Jean-Guy Baril
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112958/cardiovascular-disease-cvd-and-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd-event-rates-in-hiv-positive-persons-at-high-predicted-cvd-and-ckd-risk-a-prospective-analysis-of-the-d-a-d-observational-study
#10
Mark A Boyd, Amanda Mocroft, Lene Ryom, Antonella d'Arminio Monforte, Caroline Sabin, Wafaa M El-Sadr, Camilla Ingrid Hatleberg, Stephane De Wit, Rainer Weber, Eric Fontas, Andrew Phillips, Fabrice Bonnet, Peter Reiss, Jens Lundgren, Matthew Law
BACKGROUND: The Data Collection on Adverse Events of Anti-HIV Drugs (D:A:D) study has developed predictive risk scores for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD, defined as confirmed estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] ≤ 60 ml/min/1.73 m2) events in HIV-positive people. We hypothesized that participants in D:A:D at high (>5%) predicted risk for both CVD and CKD would be at even greater risk for CVD and CKD events. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We included all participants with complete risk factor (covariate) data, baseline eGFR > 60 ml/min/1...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112070/switching-from-a-ritonavir-boosted-protease-inhibitor-to-a-dolutegravir-based-regimen-for-maintenance-of-hiv-viral-suppression-in-patients-with-high-cardiovascular-risk
#11
José M Gatell, Lambert Assoumou, Graeme Moyle, Laura Waters, Margaret Johnson, Pere Domingo, Julie Fox, Esteban Martinez, Hans-Jürgen Stellbrink, Giovanni Guaraldi, Mar Masia, Mark Gompels, Stephane De Wit, Eric Florence, Stefan Esser, François Raffi, Anton L Pozniak
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy, safety, and impact on lipid fractions of switching from a ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor (PI/r) to a dolutegravir (DTG) regimen. METHODS: HIV type 1-infected adults more than 50 years or with a Framingham score more than 10% were eligible if plasma HIV RNA less than 50 copies per ml for at least 24 weeks while on a PI/r regimen. Patients were randomized to switch to DTG or to remain on PI/r. Primary endpoints were: proportion maintaining HIV RNA less than 50 copies per ml and percentage change from baseline of total cholesterol at week 48...
November 28, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110385/vitamin-d-and-progression-of-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-hiv-positive-canadians
#12
H Huff, A T Merchant, E Lonn, E Pullenayegum, F Smaill, M Smieja
OBJECTIVES: Based on a growing body of evidence implicating low vitamin D status in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD), we hypothesized that in Canadian HIV-positive adults, low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration would be associated with increased subclinical vascular disease progression. METHODS: We prospectively studied the relationship between baseline 25(OH)D and subsequent progression of carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) between 2002 and 2011, in the Canadian HIV Vascular Study using stored blood specimens...
November 6, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099961/soluble-urokinase-plasminogen-activator-receptor-is-a-predictor-of-incident-non-aids-comorbidity-and-all-cause-mortality-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-type-1-infection
#13
Ditte M Kirkegaard-Klitbo, Anne Langkilde, Niels Mejer, Ove Andersen, Jesper Eugen-Olsen, Thomas Benfield
Persistent inflammation and immune activation have been associated with non-AIDS comorbidity and mortality in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. We aimed to investigate the potential association between soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) and incident non-AIDS comorbidity and all-cause mortality in a well-treated HIV-infected population. suPAR was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and events of comorbidity and mortality were ascertained by registry linkage. The study showed an independent association between a high suPAR level at baseline and increased hazard rates for both non-AIDS comorbidities (cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, chronic lung disease, liver disease, and cancer) and all-cause mortality...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082920/monocyte-activation-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-hiv-infection
#14
Hua Liang, Zhe Xie, Tao Shen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2017: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080122/sex-differences-in-select-non-communicable-hiv-associated-comorbidities-exploring-the-role-of-systemic-immune-activation-inflammation
#15
REVIEW
Avanthi Raghavan, Dodie E Rimmelin, Kathleen V Fitch, Markella V Zanni
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The goals of this review are to (1) explore HIV-associated cardiovascular disease (CVD), neurocognitive impairment, and non-AIDS-defining cancers (NADC) as heterogeneous model disease states fuelled in part by systemic immune activation/inflammation; (2) consider sex differences in the epidemiology of these diseases in both high-resource and lower-resource settings; and (3) examine biological and environmental factors which may contribute to heightened systemic immune activation/inflammation specifically among women living with HIV (WLHIV)...
December 2017: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078785/trends-in-healthcare-expenditure-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-the-united-states-evidence-from-10%C3%A2-years-of-nationally-representative-data
#16
Tiarney D Ritchwood, Kinfe G Bishu, Leonard E Egede
BACKGROUND: While previous studies have examined HIV cost expenditures within the United States, the majority of these studies focused on data collected prior to or shortly after the advent and uptake of antiretroviral therapy, focused only on a short time frame, or did not provide cost comparisons between HIV/AIDS and other chronic conditions. It is critical that researchers provide accurate and updated information regarding the costs of HIV care to assist key stakeholders with economic planning, policy development, and resource allocation...
October 27, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078761/risk-of-cardiovascular-events-from-current-recent-and-cumulative-exposure-to-abacavir-among-persons-living-with-hiv-who-were-receiving-antiretroviral-therapy-in-the-united-states-a-cohort-study
#17
Kunchok Dorjee, Sanjiv M Baxi, Arthur L Reingold, Alan Hubbard
BACKGROUND: There is ongoing controversy regarding abacavir use in the treatment of HIV infection and the risk of subsequent development of cardiovascular disease. It is unclear how the risk varies as exposure accumulates. METHODS: Using an administrative health-plan dataset, risk of cardiovascular disease events (CVDe), defined as the first episode of an acute myocardial infarction or a coronary intervention procedure, associated with abacavir exposure was assessed among HIV-infected individuals receiving antiretroviral therapy across the U...
October 27, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077762/awareness-treatment-and-control-of-dyslipidemia-in-rural-south-africa-the-haalsi-health-and-aging-in-africa-a-longitudinal-study-of-an-indepth-community-in-south-africa-study
#18
Sheridan Reiger, Thiago Veiga Jardim, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, Nigel J Crowther, Alisha Wade, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Joshua Salomon, Stephen Tollman, Thomas A Gaziano
Dyslipidemia is a primary driver for chronic cardiovascular conditions and there is no comprehensive literature about its management in South Africa. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia in rural South Africa and how they are impacted by different behaviors and non-modifiable factors. To fulfill this objective we recruited for this cohort study adults aged ≥40 years residing in the Agincourt sub-district of Mpumalanga Province. Data collection included socioeconomic and clinical data, anthropometric measures, blood pressure (BP), HIV-status, point-of-care glucose and lipid levels...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073951/cardiac-effects-of-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-in-perinatally-hiv-infected-children-the-chaart-2-study
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Steven E Lipshultz, James D Wilkinson, Bruce Thompson, Irene Cheng, David A Briston, William T Shearer, E John Orav, Joslyn A Westphal, Tracie L Miller, Steven D Colan
BACKGROUND: Before the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), cardiac mortality and morbidity were common in HIV-infected children. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify long-term cardiovascular effects of HAART in HIV-infected children. METHODS: The CHAART-2 (HAART-Associated Cardiotoxicity in HIV-Infected Children) study prospectively compared 148 echocardiograms from 74 HAART-exposed children to 860 echocardiograms from 140 HAART-unexposed but HIV-infected children from the Pulmonary and Cardiac Complications of Vertically Transmitted HIV Infection (P(2)C(2) HIV) study...
October 31, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069328/the-relationship-between-latent-tuberculosis-infection-and-acute-myocardial-infarction
#20
Moises A Huaman, Eduardo Ticona, Gustavo Miranda, Richard J Kryscio, Raquel Mugruza, Ernesto Aranda, Paola Rondan, David Henson, Cesar Ticona, Timothy R Sterling, Carl J Fichtenbaum, Beth A Garvy
Background: Tuberculosis has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, including acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We investigated whether latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) associates with AMI. Methods: We conducted a case-control study in two large national public hospital networks in Lima, Peru between July 2015 and March 2017. Cases were patients with a first time diagnosis of type 1 (spontaneous) AMI. Controls were patients without a history of AMI...
October 21, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
keyword
keyword
18339
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"