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Respiratory distress syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938253/guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-critical-illness-related-corticosteroid-insufficiency-circi-in-critically-ill-patients-part-i-society-of-critical-care-medicine-sccm-and-european-society-of-intensive-care-medicine-esicm-2017
#1
Djillali Annane, Stephen M Pastores, Bram Rochwerg, Wiebke Arlt, Robert A Balk, Albertus Beishuizen, Josef Briegel, Joseph Carcillo, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Mark S Cooper, Paul E Marik, Gianfranco Umberto Meduri, Keith M Olsen, Sophia C Rodgers, James A Russell, Greet Van den Berghe
OBJECTIVE: To update the 2008 consensus statements for the diagnosis and management of critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency (CIRCI) in adult and pediatric patients. PARTICIPANTS: A multispecialty task force of 16 international experts in critical care medicine, endocrinology, and guideline methods, all of them members of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and/or the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine. DESIGN/METHODS: The recommendations were based on the summarized evidence from the 2008 document in addition to more recent findings from an updated systematic review of relevant studies from 2008 to 2017 and were formulated using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) methodology...
September 21, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937571/practice-bulletin-no-183-postpartum-hemorrhage
#2
(no author information available yet)
Maternal hemorrhage, defined as a cumulative blood loss of greater than or equal to 1,000 mL or blood loss accompanied by signs or symptoms of hypovolemia within 24 hours after the birth process, remains the leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide (1). Additional important secondary sequelae from hemorrhage exist and include adult respiratory distress syndrome, shock, disseminated intravascular coagulation, acute renal failure, loss of fertility, and pituitary necrosis (Sheehan syndrome).Hemorrhage that leads to blood transfusion is the leading cause of severe maternal morbidity in the United States closely followed by disseminated intravascular coagulation (2)...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937566/practice-bulletin-no-183-summary-postpartum-hemorrhage
#3
(no author information available yet)
Maternal hemorrhage, defined as a cumulative blood loss of greater than or equal to 1,000 mL or blood loss accompanied by signs or symptoms of hypovolemia within 24 hours after the birth process, remains the leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide (1). Additional important secondary sequelae from hemorrhage exist and include adult respiratory distress syndrome, shock, disseminated intravascular coagulation, acute renal failure, loss of fertility, and pituitary necrosis (Sheehan syndrome).Hemorrhage that leads to blood transfusion is the leading cause of severe maternal morbidity in the United States closely followed by disseminated intravascular coagulation (2)...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937234/experimental-models-of-acute-lung-injury-in-the-newborns
#4
D Mokra, A Calkovska
Acute lung injury in the preterm newborns can originate from prematurity of the lung and insufficient synthesis of pulmonary surfactant. This situation is known as respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). In the term neonates, the respiratory insufficiency is related to a secondary inactivation of the pulmonary surfactant, for instance, by action of endotoxins in bacterial pneumonia or by effects of aspirated meconium. The use of experimental models of the mentioned situations provides new information on the pathophysiology of these disorders and offers unique possibility to test novel therapeutic approaches in the conditions which are very similar to the clinical syndromes...
September 22, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937056/serum-cystatin-c-as-an-earlier-predictor-of-acute-kidney-injury-than-serum-creatinine-in-preterm-neonates-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#5
Noha Ahmed Abdelaal, Sherein Abdelhamid Shalaby, Abdelmoneim Kassem Khashana, Amina Mohamed Abdelwahab
In this study, we aimed to evaluate serum cystatin C (sCysC) as an early predictor of acute kidney injury (AKI) in preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Sixty preterm neonates diagnosed with RDS and 40 healthy controls (28-36 weeks) admitted to the neonatal Intensive Care Unit were investigated. AKI was defined on the 3rd day of life (DOL-3) as an increase in serum creatinine (sCr) of >0.3 mg/dL from baseline (the lowest previous sCr). sCysC levels were measured on DOL-1, -3 and -7. Of the 60 neonates with RDS, 24 (40%) developed AKI...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936950/-microvesicles-derived-from-mesenchymal-stem-cells-new-hope-of-the-treatment-for-ards
#6
Qihong Chen, Ruiqiang Zheng, Hualing Wang
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a serious state threaten human health with a high mortality about 30%-40%. At present, there is no effective treatment for ARDS. Microvesicles derived from mesenchymal stem cells (MSC-MVs) have a heterogeneous subcellular structure secreted by MSCs. It plays an important role in the repair of tissue and organ damage. Recent studies have shown that MSC-MVs, played an important role in repairing lung injury, may replace MSC for cell therapy. Therefore MSC-MVs may bring new hope for ARDS treatment...
September 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936695/early-application-of-airway-pressure-release-ventilation-may-reduce-the-duration-of-mechanical-ventilation-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#7
Yongfang Zhou, Xiaodong Jin, Yinxia Lv, Peng Wang, Yunqing Yang, Guopeng Liang, Bo Wang, Yan Kang
PURPOSE: Experimental animal models of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) have shown that the updated airway pressure release ventilation (APRV) methodologies may significantly improve oxygenation, maximize lung recruitment, and attenuate lung injury, without circulatory depression. This led us to hypothesize that early application of APRV in patients with ARDS would allow pulmonary function to recover faster and would reduce the duration of mechanical ventilation as compared with low tidal volume lung protective ventilation (LTV)...
September 22, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935558/immediate-interruption-of-sedation-compared-with-usual-sedation-care-in-critically-ill-postoperative-patients-sos-ventilation-a-randomised-parallel-group-clinical-trial
#8
Gerald Chanques, Matthieu Conseil, Claire Roger, Jean-Michel Constantin, Albert Prades, Julie Carr, Laurent Muller, Boris Jung, Fouad Belafia, Moussa Cissé, Jean-Marc Delay, Audrey de Jong, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Emmanuel Futier, Grégoire Mercier, Nicolas Molinari, Samir Jaber
BACKGROUND: Avoidance of excessive sedation and subsequent prolonged mechanical ventilation in intensive care units (ICUs) is recommended, but no data are available for critically ill postoperative patients. We hypothesised that in such patients stopping sedation immediately after admission to the ICU could reduce unnecessary sedation and improve patient outcomes. METHODS: We did a randomised, parallel-group, clinical trial at three ICUs in France. Stratified randomisation with minimisation (1:1 via a restricted web platform) was used to assign eligible patients (aged ≥18 years, admitted to an ICU after abdominal surgery, and expected to require at least 12 h of mechanical ventilation because of a critical illness defined by a Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score >1 for any organ, but without severe acute respiratory distress syndrome or brain injury) to usual sedation care provided according to recommended practices (control group) or to immediate interruption of sedation (intervention group)...
September 18, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935455/recent-directions-in-personalised-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-medicine
#9
REVIEW
Matthieu Jabaudon, Raiko Blondonnet, Jules Audard, Marianne Fournet, Thomas Godet, Vincent Sapin, Jean-Michel Constantin
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is heterogeneous by definition and patient response varies depending on underlying biology and their severity of illness. Although ARDS subtypes have been identified with different prognoses in past studies, the concept of phenotypes or endotypes does not extend to the clinical definition of ARDS. This has possibly hampered the development of therapeutic interventions that target select biological mechanisms of ARDS. Recently, a major advance may have been achieved as it may now be possible to identify ARDS subtypes that may confer different responses to therapy...
September 18, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932514/-lung-protective-ventilation-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-still-a-challenge
#10
EDITORIAL
Flavia Julie do Amaral Pfeilsticker, Ary Serpa Neto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932510/noninvasive-ventilation-during-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-patients-with-cancer-what-really-matters
#11
EDITORIAL
Gunther Hempel, David Petroff, Hermann Wrigge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931047/association-between-perinatal-hypoxic-ischemia-and-periventricular-leukomalacia-in-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Jichong Huang, Li Zhang, Bingyao Kang, Tingting Zhu, Yafei Li, Fengyan Zhao, Yi Qu, Dezhi Mu
BACKGROUND: Although investigators have implicated hypoxic-ischemia (HI) as a potential cause of periventricular leukomalacia (PVL), the role of clinical risk factors or markers for HI in the development of PVL remains controversial. The aim of this study was to identify perinatal HI-related factors associated with PVL. METHOD: The PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were searched. The last search was performed on January 2017. Summary effect estimates (pooled odds ratios [ORs]) were calculated for each risk factor using fixed or random effects models with tests for heterogeneity and publication bias...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930962/attenuation-of-hemorrhage-associated-lung-injury-by-adjuvant-treatment-with-c23-an-oligopeptide-derived-from-cold-inducible-rna-binding-protein
#13
Fangming Zhang, Weng-Lang Yang, Max Brenner, Ping Wang
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic shock (HS) is an important cause of mortality. HS is associated with an elevated incidence of acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome, significantly contributing to HS morbidity and mortality. Cold-inducible RNA-binding protein (CIRP) is released into the circulation during HS and can cause lung injury. C23 is a CIRP-derived oligopeptide that binds with high affinity to the CIRP receptor and inhibits CIRP-induced phagocyte secretion of TNF-α...
October 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930815/variability-in-usual-care-mechanical-ventilation-for-pediatric-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-time-for-a-decision-support-protocol
#14
Christopher J L Newth, Katherine A Sward, Robinder G Khemani, Kent Page, Kathleen L Meert, Joseph A Carcillo, Thomas P Shanley, Frank W Moler, Murray M Pollack, Heidi J Dalton, David L Wessel, John T Berger, Robert A Berg, Rick E Harrison, Richard Holubkov, Allan Doctor, J Michael Dean, Tammara L Jenkins, Carol E Nicholson
OBJECTIVES: Although pediatric intensivists philosophically embrace lung protective ventilation for acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome, we hypothesized that ventilator management varies. We assessed ventilator management by evaluating changes to ventilator settings in response to blood gases, pulse oximetry, or end-tidal CO2. We also assessed the potential impact that a pediatric mechanical ventilation protocol adapted from National Heart Lung and Blood Institute acute respiratory distress syndrome network protocols could have on reducing variability by comparing actual changes in ventilator settings to those recommended by the protocol...
September 19, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930639/50-years-of-research-in-ards-tidal-volume-selection-in-the-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#15
Sarina K Sahetya, Jordi Mancebo, Roy G Brower
Mechanical ventilation (MV) is critical in the management of many patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, MV can also cause ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). The selection of an appropriate tidal volume is an essential part of a lung-protective MV strategy. Since the publication of a large randomized clinical trial demonstrating the benefit of lower tidal volumes, the use of tidal volumes of 6 mL/kg predicted body weight (PBW, based on sex and height) has been recommended in clinical practice guidelines...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930049/experience-with-the-syncardia-total-artificial-heart-in-a-canadian-centre
#16
Anthony Nguyen, Michel Pellerin, Louis P Perrault, Michel White, Anique Ducharme, Normand Racine, Michel Carrier
BACKGROUND: The SynCardia total artificial heart (TAH) provides complete circulatory support by replacing both native ventricles. Accepted indications include bridge to transplantation and destination therapy. We review our experience with TAH implantation during a period when axial flow pump became available. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the demographics, clinical characteristics and survival of all patients receiving the TAH. RESULTS: From September 2004 to November 2016, 13 patients (12 men, mean age 45 ± 13 yr) received the TAH for refractory cardiogenic shock secondary to idiopathic (56%) or ischemic (17%) cardiomyopathy and to other various causes (33%)...
October 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928799/effects-of-n-acetylcysteine-treatment-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#17
Ying Zhang, Shaoxue Ding, Caifeng Li, Yifeng Wang, Zhe Chen, Zhiqiang Wang
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a serious complication of acute lung injury. Severe systemic inflammation is the main cause of multiple organ dysfunction and high mortality. Removal of reactive oxygen species by anti-oxidants has been applied in clinical practice. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is the most commonly used anti-oxidant. However, the benefit of anti-oxidant therapy was not consistently demonstrated by previous studies. In the present study, a meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the effects of NAC for adult patients with ARDS...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926488/potential-acceptability-of-a-pediatric-ventilator-management-computer-protocol
#18
Katherine A Sward, Christopher J L Newth, Robinder G Khemani, Kent Page, Kathleen L Meert, Joseph A Carcillo, Thomas P Shanley, Frank W Moler, Murray M Pollack, Heidi J Dalton, David L Wessel, John T Berger, Robert A Berg, Rick E Harrison, Allan Doctor, J Michael Dean, Richard Holobkov, Tammara L Jenkins, Carol E Nicholson
OBJECTIVES: To examine issues regarding the granularity (size/scale) and potential acceptability of recommendations in a ventilator management protocol for children with pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome. DESIGN: Survey/questionnaire. SETTING: The eight PICUs in the Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred twenty-two physicians (attendings and fellows). INTERVENTIONS: None...
September 16, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924546/sirenomelia-associated-with-hypoplastic-left-heart-in-a-newborn
#19
H Turgut, R Ozdemir, I K Gokce, C Karakurt, A Karadag
Sirenomelia, also known as "mermaid malformation/syndrome," is a rare, serious congenital anomaly characterized by variable degrees of fusion of the lower limbs and associated with severe malformations of vertebral, genitourinary, cardiovascular system and single umbilical artery. The first pregnancy of a 25-year-old woman resulted in one twin born by Cesarian section at 32 weeks' gestation, who was referred to our hospital with cyanosis, a congenital anomaly and respiratory distress. On physical examination, there was no urogenital region and anal fissure and gender was indeterminate...
June 30, 2017: Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics: BJMG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924435/aggressive-posterior-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-a-premature-male-infant
#20
Jun Zhou, Zheng Liu, Hai-Yan Ying, Tao Liu
A premature male infant was born at 30 weeks' gestation with a birth weight of 1,700 g in a rural hospital. He was diagnosed with respiratory distress syndrome and received continuous positive airway pressure treatment for 26 days. At 26 days after birth, the patient was transferred to our hospital for further evaluation and management. A comprehensive eye examination revealed a stage 3 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) involving zone 2 in both eyes. The patient was recommended to a provincial-level eye hospital for emergency laser therapy...
May 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
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