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Patricia o'sullivan

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897470/faculty-development-efforts-to-promote-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-in-an-internal-medicine-faculty-resident-practice
#1
Alanna Stone, Maria Wamsley, Patricia O'Sullivan, Jason Satterfield, Derek D Satre, Katherine Julian
BACKGROUND: Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a practical means to address substance misuse in primary care. Important barriers to implementing SBIRT include adequacy of training and provider confidence as well as logistical hurdles and time constraints. A faculty development initiative aimed at increasing SBIRT knowledge and treatment of substance use disorders (SUDs) should lead to increased use of SBIRT by faculty and the residents they teach. This study examined how a faculty development program to promote SBIRT influenced faculty practice and resident teaching...
November 29, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857148/registered-nurses-as-professionals-advocates-innovators-and-collaborative-leaders-executive-summary
#2
Tracy E Williams, Kathy Baker, Leda Evans, Michelle A Lucatorto, Edtrina Moss, Ann O’Sullivan, Patricia C Seifert, Terry Siek, Timothy W Thomas, Barbara Zittel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2016: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857055/registered-nurses-as-interprofessional-collaborative-partners-creating-value-based-outcomes
#3
Edtrina Moss, Patricia C Seifert, Ann O’Sullivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2016: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829156/proteomic-profiling-reveals-a-specific-role-for-translesion-dna-polymerase-%C3%AE-in-the-alternative-lengthening-of-telomeres
#4
Laura Garcia-Exposito, Elodie Bournique, Valérie Bergoglio, Arindam Bose, Jonathan Barroso-Gonzalez, Sufang Zhang, Justin L Roncaioli, Marietta Lee, Callen T Wallace, Simon C Watkins, Patricia L Opresko, Jean-Sébastien Hoffmann, Roderick J O'Sullivan
Cancer cells rely on the activation of telomerase or the alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) pathways for telomere maintenance and survival. ALT involves homologous recombination (HR)-dependent exchange and/or HR-associated synthesis of telomeric DNA. Utilizing proximity-dependent biotinylation (BioID), we sought to determine the proteome of telomeres in cancer cells that employ these distinct telomere elongation mechanisms. Our analysis reveals that multiple DNA repair networks converge at ALT telomeres...
November 8, 2016: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813688/the-health-professions-education-pathway-preparing-students-residents-and-fellows-to-become-future-educators
#5
H Carrie Chen, Maria A Wamsley, Amin Azzam, Katherine Julian, David M Irby, Patricia S O'Sullivan
PROBLEM: Training the next generation of health professionals requires leaders, innovators, and scholars in education. Although many medical schools and residencies offer education electives or tracks focused on developing teaching skills, these programs often omit educational innovation, scholarship, and leadership and are narrowly targeted to one level of learner. INTERVENTION: The University of California San Francisco created the Health Professions Education Pathway for medical students, residents, and fellows as well as learners from other health professional schools...
November 4, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752936/effect-size-large-medium-and-small
#6
Jimmie Leppink, Patricia O'Sullivan, Kal Winston
The overall purpose of the 'Statistical Points and Pitfalls' series is to help readers and researchers alike increase awareness of how to use statistics and why/how we fall into inappropriate choices or interpretations. We hope to help readers understand common misconceptions and give clear guidance on how to avoid common pitfalls by offering simple tips to improve your reporting of quantitative research findings. Each entry discusses a commonly encountered inappropriate practice and alternatives from a pragmatic perspective with minimal mathematics involved...
October 17, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594063/the-inter-rater-reliability-of-the-risk-instrument-for-screening-in-the-community
#7
Elizabeth Weathers, Rónán O'Caoimh, Ronan O'Sullivan, Constança Paúl, Frances Orfilia, Roger Clarnette, Carol Fitzgerald, Anton Svendrovski, Nicola Cornally, Patricia Leahy-Warren, D William Molloy
Predicting risk of adverse healthcare outcomes is important to enable targeted delivery of interventions. The Risk Instrument for Screening in the Community (RISC), designed for use by public health nurses (PHNs), measures the 1-year risk of hospitalisation, institutionalisation and death in community-dwelling older adults according to a five-point global risk score: from low (score 1,2) to medium (3) to high (4,5). We examined the inter-rater reliability (IRR) of the RISC between student PHNs (n=32) and expert raters using six cases (two low, medium and high-risk), scored before and after RISC training...
September 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562896/influence-of-learner-knowledge-and-case-complexity-on-handover-accuracy-and-cognitive-load-results-from-a-simulation-study
#8
John Q Young, Savannah M van Dijk, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Eugene J Custers, David M Irby, Olle Ten Cate
CONTEXT: The handover represents a high-risk event in which errors are common and lead to patient harm. A better understanding of the cognitive mechanisms of handover errors is essential to improving handover education and practice. OBJECTIVES: This paper reports on an experiment conducted to study the effects of learner knowledge, case complexity (i.e. cases with or without a clear diagnosis) and their interaction on handover accuracy and cognitive load. METHODS: Participants were 52 Dutch medical students in Years 2 and 6...
September 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524745/the-value-of-student-run-clinics-for-premedical-students-a-multi-institutional-study
#9
Kaylin Pennington, Ian L Tong, Cindy J Lai, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Leslie Sheu
INTRODUCTION: Research has shown that student-run clinics (SRCs) are ideal experiential learning arenas for medical students, but no studies have characterized the impact of SRC participation on premedical students. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study with newly matriculated first-year medical students at five California medical schools to determine the impact of premedical involvement in SRCs. Participants completed an anonymous one-time online survey that included demographic information and questions regarding SRC involvement prior to medical school...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405744/on-variation-and-uncertainty
#10
Jimmie Leppink, Patricia O'Sullivan, Kal Winston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306250/dental-erosion-in-children-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#11
Patricia Alves Drummond De Oliveira, Saul Martins Paiva, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães De Abreu, Sheyla Márcia Auad
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) on dental erosion (DE) in children and analyze the association between dental erosion and diet, oral hygiene, and sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: This case-control study encompassed 43 two- to 14-year-olds diagnosed positive for GERD by the 24-hour pH monitoring, paired by age group with 136 healthy controls, in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254010/systems-oriented-workplace-learning-experiences-for-early-learners-three-models
#12
Bridget C O'Brien, Melissa R Bachhuber, Arianne Teherani, Theresa M Iker, Joanne Batt, Patricia S O'Sullivan
PURPOSE: Early workplace learning experiences may be effective for learning systems-based practice. This study explores systems-oriented workplace learning experiences (SOWLEs) for early learners to suggest a framework for their development. METHOD: The authors used a two-phase qualitative case study design. In Phase 1 (spring 2014), they prepared case write-ups based on transcribed interviews from 10 SOWLE leaders at the authors' institution and, through comparative analysis of cases, identified three SOWLE models...
May 31, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27191587/social-workers-as-workplace-based-instructors-of-alcohol-and-drug-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-for-emergency-medicine-residents
#13
David K Duong, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Derek D Satre, Philippa Soskin, Jason Satterfield
PROBLEM: Residency education is challenged by a shortage of personnel and time, particularly for teaching behavioral interventions such as screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) to reduce hazardous drinking and drug use. However, social workers may be well placed to teach SBIRT in clinical training settings. INTERVENTION: We describe a curriculum with social workers as SBIRT trainers of emergency medicine (EM) residents during actual clinical shifts in an EM residency training program...
July 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27170086/measuring-cognitive-load-during-procedural-skills-training-with-colonoscopy-as-an-exemplar
#14
Justin L Sewell, Christy K Boscardin, John Q Young, Olle Ten Cate, Patricia S O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have investigated cognitive factors affecting learning of procedural skills in medical education. Cognitive load theory, which focuses on working memory, is highly relevant, but methods for measuring cognitive load during procedural training are not well understood. Using colonoscopy as an exemplar, we used cognitive load theory to develop a self-report instrument to measure three types of cognitive load (intrinsic, extraneous and germane load) and to provide evidence for instrument validity...
June 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27168881/ensuring-resident-competence-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature-on-group-decision-making-to-inform-the-work-of-clinical-competency-committees
#15
REVIEW
Karen E Hauer, Olle Ten Cate, Christy K Boscardin, William Iobst, Eric S Holmboe, Benjamin Chesluk, Robert B Baron, Patricia S O'Sullivan
Background The expectation for graduate medical education programs to ensure that trainees are progressing toward competence for unsupervised practice prompted requirements for a committee to make decisions regarding residents' progress, termed a clinical competency committee (CCC). The literature on the composition of these committees and how they share information and render decisions can inform the work of CCCs by highlighting vulnerabilities and best practices. Objective We conducted a narrative review of the literature on group decision making that can help characterize the work of CCCs, including how they are populated and how they use information...
May 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27168383/evaluation-of-a-surgery-based-adjunct-course-for-senior-medical-students-entering-surgical-residencies
#16
Courtney A Green, Carolyn J Vaughn, Susannah M Wyles, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Edward H Kim, Hueylan Chern
BACKGROUND: Preparatory courses for senior medical students aim to ease the transition from medical school to residency. We designed a novel adjunct curriculum to enhance students' readiness for surgical internship. This study addresses the feasibility and outcomes of this course. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A curriculum was designed based on ACGME surgical milestones. Students participated in 8 (3h) sessions held over 4 weeks as an adjunct to a well-established intern preparatory course...
July 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049541/health-systems-science-curricula-in-undergraduate-medical-education-identifying-and-defining-a-potential-curricular-framework
#17
Jed D Gonzalo, Michael Dekhtyar, Stephanie R Starr, Jeffrey Borkan, Patrick Brunett, Tonya Fancher, Jennifer Green, Sara Jo Grethlein, Cindy Lai, Luan Lawson, Seetha Monrad, Patricia O'Sullivan, Mark D Schwartz, Susan Skochelak
PURPOSE: The authors performed a review of 30 Accelerating Change in Medical Education full grant submissions and an analysis of the health systems science (HSS)-related curricula at the 11 grant recipient schools to develop a potential comprehensive HSS curricular framework with domains and subcategories. METHOD: In phase 1, to identify domains, grant submissions were analyzed and coded using constant comparative analysis. In phase 2, a detailed review of all existing and planned syllabi and curriculum documents at the grantee schools was performed, and content in the core curricular domains was coded into subcategories...
April 5, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984161/statistical-significance-does-not-imply-a-real-effect
#18
Jimmie Leppink, Kal Winston, Patricia O'Sullivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26983076/how-residents-develop-trust-in-interns-a-multi-institutional-mixed-methods-study
#19
Leslie Sheu, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Eva M Aagaard, Darlene Tad-Y, Heather E Harrell, Jennifer R Kogan, James Nixon, Harry Hollander, Karen E Hauer
PURPOSE: Although residents trust interns to provide patient care, little is known about how trust forms. METHOD: Using a multi-institutional mixed-methods study design, the authors interviewed (March-September 2014) internal medicine (IM) residents in their second or third postgraduate year at a single institution to address how they develop trust in interns. Transcript analysis using grounded theory yielded a model for resident trust. Authors tested (January-March 2015) the model with residents from five IM programs using a two-section quantitative survey (38 items; 31 rated 0 = not at all to 100 = very much; 7 rated 0 = strongly disagree to 100 = strongly agree) to identify influences on how residents form trust...
March 15, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26855161/identity-formation-and-motivation-of-new-faculty-developers-a-replication-study-in-a-resource-constrained-university
#20
Patricia S O'Sullivan, Charles Mkony, Jessica Beard, David M Irby
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies on the identity development and motivation of faculty developers have occurred with seasoned developers in a research-rich environment. We sought to determine if the findings of those studies could be replicated with novice faculty developers in a resource-constrained environment. METHODS: We interviewed 15 novice faculty developers from Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS) who, at the time, had led faculty development activities for no more than two years...
September 2016: Medical Teacher
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