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Patricia o'sullivan

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226646/comparison-of-citrate-buffer-with-sodium-fluoride-as-additives-in-determining-glycemia
#1
Maria de Toro-Crespo, Jose M Maesa-Marquez, Victor Sanchez-Margalet, Concepcion Gonzalez-Rodriguez, Patricia Fernandez-Riejos
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to compare the effect of sodium fluoride and citrate on the stability of glucose in samples maintained at room temperature up to three hours, and to assess the clinical impact in the O'Sullivan test results after changing the additives in the collecting tubes. METHODS: The selected population was pregnant women between the 24th and 28th week of gestation, who were at the health center to undergo the O'Sullivan test as part of the screening program for GDM (gestacional diabetes mellitus)...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166349/developing-end-of-training-entrustable-professional-activities-for-psychiatry-results-and-methodological-lessons
#2
John Q Young, Caitlin Hasser, Erick H Hung, Martin Kusz, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Colin Stewart, Andrea Weiss, Nancy Williams
PURPOSE: To develop entrustable professional activities (EPAs) for psychiatry and to demonstrate an innovative, validity-enhancing methodology that may be relevant to other specialties. METHOD: A national task force employed a three-stage process from May 2014 to February 2017 to develop EPAs for psychiatry. In stage 1, the task force used an iterative consensus-driven process to construct proposed EPAs. Each included a title, full description, and relevant competencies...
November 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149197/sieve-analysis-of-breakthrough-hiv-1-sequences-in-hvtn-505-identifies-vaccine-pressure-targeting-the-cd4-binding-site-of-env-gp120
#3
Allan C deCamp, Morgane Rolland, Paul T Edlefsen, Eric Sanders-Buell, Breana Hall, Craig A Magaret, Andrew J Fiore-Gartland, Michal Juraska, Lindsay N Carpp, Shelly T Karuna, Meera Bose, Steven LePore, Shana Miller, Annemarie O'Sullivan, Kultida Poltavee, Hongjun Bai, Kalpana Dommaraju, Hong Zhao, Kim Wong, Lennie Chen, Hasan Ahmed, Derrick Goodman, Matthew Z Tay, Raphael Gottardo, Richard A Koup, Robert Bailer, John R Mascola, Barney S Graham, Mario Roederer, Robert J O'Connell, Nelson L Michael, Merlin L Robb, Elizabeth Adams, Patricia D'Souza, James Kublin, Lawrence Corey, Daniel E Geraghty, Nicole Frahm, Georgia D Tomaras, M Juliana McElrath, Lisa Frenkel, Sheila Styrchak, Sodsai Tovanabutra, Magdalena E Sobieszczyk, Scott M Hammer, Jerome H Kim, James I Mullins, Peter B Gilbert
Although the HVTN 505 DNA/recombinant adenovirus type 5 vector HIV-1 vaccine trial showed no overall efficacy, analysis of breakthrough HIV-1 sequences in participants can help determine whether vaccine-induced immune responses impacted viruses that caused infection. We analyzed 480 HIV-1 genomes sampled from 27 vaccine and 20 placebo recipients and found that intra-host HIV-1 diversity was significantly lower in vaccine recipients (P ≤ 0.04, Q-values ≤ 0.09) in Gag, Pol, Vif and envelope glycoprotein gp120 (Env-gp120)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137721/current-robotic-curricula-for-surgery-residents-a-need-for-additional-cognitive-and-psychomotor-focus
#4
Courtney A Green, Hueylan Chern, Patricia S O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Current robot surgery curricula developed by industry were designed for expert surgeons. We sought to identify the robotic curricula that currently exist in general surgery residencies and describe their components. METHODS: We identified 12 residency programs with robotic curricula. Using a structured coding form to identify themes including sequence, duration, emphasis and assessment, we generated a descriptive summary. RESULTS: Curricula followed a similar sequence: learners started with online modules and simulation exercises, followed by bedside experience during R2-R3 training years, and then operative opportunities on the console in the final years of training...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117916/technical-skill-improvement-with-surgical-preparatory-courses-what-advantages-are-reflected-in-residency
#5
Courtney A Green, Emily Huang, Nina W Zhao, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Edward Kim, Hueylan Chern
INTRODUCTION: Sustainability of skill acquisition gained from graduating medical student (GMS) preparatory courses remains uncertain. GMS skills were assessed before (T1) and after a preparatory course (T2) and then again 2 (T3) and 4 (T4) months into residency and compared to surgical interns without such a course. METHODS: In April, GMS took the preparatory course. In July-August all interns participated in a basic skills curriculum. Learners completed four technical exercises pre/post each course...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116979/translating-theory-into-practice-implementing-a-program-of-assessment
#6
Karen E Hauer, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Kristen Fitzhenry, Christy Boscardin
PROBLEM: A program of assessment addresses challenges in learner assessment using a centrally planned, coordinated approach that emphasizes assessment for learning. This report describes the steps taken to implement a program of assessment framework within a medical school. APPROACH: A literature review on best practices in assessment highlighted six principles that guided implementation of the program of assessment in 2016-2017: (1) a centrally coordinated plan for assessment aligns with and supports a curricular vision; (2) multiple assessment tools used longitudinally generate multiple data points; (3) learners require ready access to information-rich feedback to promote reflection and informed self-assessment; (4) mentoring is essential to facilitate effective data use for reflection and learning planning; (5) the program of assessment fosters self-regulated learning behaviors; and (6) expert groups make summative decisions about grades and readiness for advancement...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107117/burnout-and-stress-among-us-surgery-residents-psychological-distress-and-resilience
#7
Carter C Lebares, Ekaterina V Guvva, Nancy L Ascher, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Hobart W Harris, Elissa S Epel
BACKGROUND: Burnout among physicians affects mental health, performance and patient outcomes. Surgery residency is a high-risk time for burnout. We examined burnout and the psychological characteristics that may contribute to burnout vulnerability and resilience in a group of surgical trainees. STUDY DESIGN: An online survey was distributed in September, 2016, to all ACGME-accredited general surgery programs. Burnout was assessed with an abbreviated Maslach Burnout Inventory...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080437/nursing-sensitive-outcomes-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
Patricia Minnock, Gabrielle McKee, Alexia Kelly, Sheree C Carter, Victoria Menzies, Denis O'Sullivan, Pam Richards, Mwidimi Ndosi, Yvonne van Eijk Hustings
BACKGROUND: Although rheumatology nursing has been shown to be effective in managing patients with rheumatoid arthritis, patient outcomes sensitive to nursing interventions (nursing sensitive outcomes) have not been systematically studied. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to identify and delineate relevant patient outcomes measured in studies that reported nursing interventions in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. DESIGN: A systematic search was conducted from 1990 to 2016...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075390/three-lenses-on-learning-frames-for-residency-education
#9
Laura K Byerly, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Bridget C O'Brien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071548/are-differences-between-groups-different-at-different-occasions
#10
Jimmie Leppink, Patricia O'Sullivan, Kal Winston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020524/teachers-as-learners-developing-professionalism-feedback-skills-via-observed-structured-teaching-encounters
#11
Constance Tucker, Beth Choby, Andrew Moore, Robert Scott Parker, Benjamin R Zambetti, Sarah Naids, Jillian Scott, Jennifer Loome, Sierra Gaffney, Anna T Cianciolo, Leslie A Hoffman, Jaden R Kohn, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Robert L Trowbridge
This Conversations Starter article presents a selected research abstract from the 2017 Association of American Medical Colleges Southern Region Group on Educational Affairs annual spring meeting. The abstract is paired with the integrative commentary of 4 experts who shared their thoughts stimulated by the study. These thoughts explore the value of the Observed Structured Teaching Encounter in providing structured opportunities for medical students to engage with the complexities of providing peer feedback on professionalism...
October 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890084/contingent-engagement-what-we-learn-from-patients-with-complex-health-problems-and-low-socioeconomic-status
#12
Miriam Komaromy, Erin Fanning Madden, Andrea Zurawski, Summers Kalishman, Kristin Barker, Patricia O'Sullivan, Martin Jurado, Sanjeev Arora
OBJECTIVE: Elicit patients' perceptions of factors that facilitate their engagement in care METHODS: In-depth interviews with 20 adult Medicaid patients who had complex health problems, frequent hospitalizations/emergency department use, and who were enrolled in an intensive, team-based care program designed to address medical, behavioral, and social needs. RESULTS: Prior to engaging in the program, participants described weak relationships with primary care providers, frequent hospitalizations and emergency visits, poor adherence to medications and severe social barriers to care...
September 1, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889161/employers-viewpoint-on-clinical-education
#13
Christopher W O'Brien, Roy Anderson, Benjamin Ayzenberg, Patricia Chute, Tracy Farnsworth, Robert McLaughlin, Barbara Romig, Yasmen Samonian, Jacquelyn Sample, Troy Tynsky, Barbara Wallace, Marcie Weinstein, Julie O'Sullivan Maillet
ISSUE: This qualitative study gathered the opinions of healthcare employers to better understand the importance, benefits, obstacles, and evolving issues related to allied health (AH) clinical education from the employers' perspective, with the goal to identify opportunities to strengthen and improve clinical-educational partnerships. METHOD: Member deans of the Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions (ASAHP) provided names and contact information of employers that routinely educate their students...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771776/developing-and-rewarding-teachers-as-educators-and-scholars-remarkable-progress-and-daunting-challenges
#14
David M Irby, Patricia S O'Sullivan
CONTEXT: This article describes the scholarly work that has addressed the fifth recommendation of the 1988 World Conference on Medical Education: 'Train teachers as educators, not content experts alone, and reward excellence in this field as fully as excellence in biomedical research or clinical practice'. PROGRESS: Over the past 30 years, scholars have defined the preparation needed for teaching and other educator roles, and created faculty development delivery systems to train teachers as educators...
August 3, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710708/the-bridge-between-design-and-analysis
#15
Jimmie Leppink, Patricia O'Sullivan, Kal Winston
The overall purpose of the 'Statistical Points and Pitfalls' series is to help readers and researchers alike increase awareness of how to use statistics and why/how we fall into inappropriate choices or interpretations. We hope to help readers understand common misconceptions and give clear guidance on how to avoid common pitfalls by offering simple tips to improve your reporting of quantitative research findings. Each entry discusses a commonly encountered inappropriate practice and alternatives from a pragmatic perspective with minimal mathematics involved...
August 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498004/a-sequential-implementation-model-for-workforce-development-a-case-study-of-medical-residency-training-for-substance-use-concerns
#16
Patricia S O'Sullivan, Patrick Yuan, Derek D Satre, Maria Wamsley, Jason Satterfield
PROBLEM: In graduate medical education, residency programs are often educationally isolated from each other, with varying needs and patient populations, so strategies are needed when attempting to implement training in evidence-based practices across multiple residencies. INTERVENTION: Using implementation science as a guide, we adapted a community development model to sequentially implement an evidence-based intervention, Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) for alcohol and drug use problems, across internal medicine, pediatrics, emergency medicine, psychiatry, and obstetrics and gynecology residency programs...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445213/learner-patient-and-supervisor-features-are-associated-with-different-types-of-cognitive-load-during-procedural-skills-training-implications-for-teaching-and-instructional-design
#17
Justin L Sewell, Christy K Boscardin, John Q Young, Olle Ten Cate, Patricia S O'Sullivan
PURPOSE: Cognitive load theory, focusing on limits of the working memory, is relevant to medical education; however, factors associated with cognitive load during procedural skills training are not well characterized. The authors sought to determine how features of learners, patients/tasks, settings, and supervisors were associated with three types of cognitive load among learners performing a specific procedure, colonoscopy, to identify implications for procedural teaching. METHOD: Data were collected through an electronically administered survey sent to 1,061 U...
November 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439364/mixed-methods-in-health-professions-education-scholarship
#18
Bridget C O'Brien, Patricia S O'Sullivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426582/women-minorities-and-leadership-in-anesthesiology-take-the-pledge
#19
Kate Leslie, Harriet W Hopf, Patricia Houston, Ellen O'Sullivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375662/excellence-in-phd-dissertations-in-health-professions-education-toward-standards-and-expectations
#20
Olle Ten Cate, Anselme Derese, Steven J Durning, Patricia O'Sullivan
The authors of this perspective contribution have served two terms (2014 and 2016) in the Jury of the biennial Best PhD Dissertation Award committee of the Netherlands Association for Medical Education. During this period, the committee reviewed 32 dissertations. Based on discussions among the jury regarding elements of an award winning dissertation and existing literature, we propose seven criteria to evaluate PhD dissertations: size, breadth of research skills exhibited, coherence of studies, relevance to field, validity, style, communicative power and ethics, and impact of the work...
September 2017: Medical Teacher
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