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Patricia o'sullivan

Patricia S O'Sullivan, Patrick Yuan, Derek D Satre, Maria Wamsley, Jason Satterfield
PROBLEM: In graduate medical education, residency programs are often educationally isolated from each other, with varying needs and patient populations, so strategies are needed when attempting to implement training in evidence-based practices across multiple residencies. INTERVENTION: Using implementation science as a guide, we adapted a community development model to sequentially implement an evidence-based intervention, Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) for alcohol and drug use problems, across internal medicine, pediatrics, emergency medicine, psychiatry, and obstetrics and gynecology residency programs...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Justin L Sewell, Christy K Boscardin, John Q Young, Olle Ten Cate, Patricia S O'Sullivan
PURPOSE: Cognitive load theory, focusing on limits of the working memory, is relevant to medical education; however, factors associated with cognitive load during procedural skills training are not well characterized. The authors sought to determine how features of learners, patients/tasks, settings, and supervisors were associated with three types of cognitive load among learners performing a specific procedure, colonoscopy, to identify implications for procedural teaching. METHOD: Data were collected through an electronically administered survey sent to 1,061 U...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Bridget C O'Brien, Patricia S O'Sullivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Kate Leslie, Harriet W Hopf, Patricia Houston, Ellen O'Sullivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Olle Ten Cate, Anselme Derese, Steven J Durning, Patricia O'Sullivan
The authors of this perspective contribution have served two terms (2014 and 2016) in the Jury of the biennial Best PhD Dissertation Award committee of the Netherlands Association for Medical Education. During this period, the committee reviewed 32 dissertations. Based on discussions among the jury regarding elements of an award winning dissertation and existing literature, we propose seven criteria to evaluate PhD dissertations: size, breadth of research skills exhibited, coherence of studies, relevance to field, validity, style, communicative power and ethics, and impact of the work...
April 4, 2017: Medical Teacher
John Q Young, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Victoria Ruddick, David M Irby, Olle Ten Cate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Jimmie Leppink, Patricia O'Sullivan, Kal Winston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
Jennifer A Kaplan, Zabecca Brinson, Rebecca Hofer, Patricia O'Sullivan, Anna Chang, Helen Horvath, George J Chang, Emily Finlayson
BACKGROUND: Few opportunities exist for early learners to engage in authentic roles on health care teams. In a geriatric optimization clinic for frail high-risk surgical patients, first-year medical and nurse practitioner students were integrated into an interprofessional team as health coaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Frail surgical patients with planned operations were referred to a new preoperative optimization clinic to see a geriatrician, occupational, and physical therapists and a nutritionist...
March 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
Alanna Stone, Maria Wamsley, Patricia O'Sullivan, Jason Satterfield, Derek D Satre, Katherine Julian
BACKGROUND: Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a practical means to address substance misuse in primary care. Important barriers to implementing SBIRT include adequacy of training and provider confidence as well as logistical hurdles and time constraints. A faculty development initiative aimed at increasing SBIRT knowledge and treatment of substance use disorders (SUDs) should lead to increased use of SBIRT by faculty and the residents they teach. This study examined how a faculty development program to promote SBIRT influenced faculty practice and resident teaching...
January 2017: Substance Abuse
Tracy E Williams, Kathy Baker, Leda Evans, Michelle A Lucatorto, Edtrina Moss, Ann O’Sullivan, Patricia C Seifert, Terry Siek, Timothy W Thomas, Barbara Zittel
This article concludes a series that described work completed by the American Nurses Association (ANA) Barriers to RN Scope of Practice Professional Issues Panel (Panel). The Panel has summarized the roles of the registered nurse (RN) as professional, advocate, innovator, and collaborative leader. As professionals, RNs are accountable for their own educational development, growth of their own practice, and execution of their own professional role. As advocates, RNs provide direct and indirect care focused on the achievement of optimal health...
September 30, 2016: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
Edtrina Moss, Patricia C Seifert, Ann O’Sullivan
State-specific nurse practice acts, a defined registered nurse (RN) scope of practice, and nurse-led initiatives prepare nurses to lead in a meaningful and ethical way within the professional practice setting. However, barriers still exist that challenge the full RN scope of practice. One of these barriers is insufficient interprofessional collaboration among healthcare providers from multiple disciplines. We will briefly discuss the RN scope of practice and describe several evidence-based transition to practice programs and activities that are effectively helping to minimize these barriers...
September 30, 2016: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
Laura Garcia-Exposito, Elodie Bournique, Valérie Bergoglio, Arindam Bose, Jonathan Barroso-Gonzalez, Sufang Zhang, Justin L Roncaioli, Marietta Lee, Callen T Wallace, Simon C Watkins, Patricia L Opresko, Jean-Sébastien Hoffmann, Roderick J O'Sullivan
Cancer cells rely on the activation of telomerase or the alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) pathways for telomere maintenance and survival. ALT involves homologous recombination (HR)-dependent exchange and/or HR-associated synthesis of telomeric DNA. Utilizing proximity-dependent biotinylation (BioID), we sought to determine the proteome of telomeres in cancer cells that employ these distinct telomere elongation mechanisms. Our analysis reveals that multiple DNA repair networks converge at ALT telomeres...
November 8, 2016: Cell Reports
H Carrie Chen, Maria A Wamsley, Amin Azzam, Katherine Julian, David M Irby, Patricia S O'Sullivan
PROBLEM: Training the next generation of health professionals requires leaders, innovators, and scholars in education. Although many medical schools and residencies offer education electives or tracks focused on developing teaching skills, these programs often omit educational innovation, scholarship, and leadership and are narrowly targeted to one level of learner. INTERVENTION: The University of California San Francisco created the Health Professions Education Pathway for medical students, residents, and fellows as well as learners from other health professional schools...
April 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Jimmie Leppink, Patricia O'Sullivan, Kal Winston
The overall purpose of the 'Statistical Points and Pitfalls' series is to help readers and researchers alike increase awareness of how to use statistics and why/how we fall into inappropriate choices or interpretations. We hope to help readers understand common misconceptions and give clear guidance on how to avoid common pitfalls by offering simple tips to improve your reporting of quantitative research findings. Each entry discusses a commonly encountered inappropriate practice and alternatives from a pragmatic perspective with minimal mathematics involved...
December 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
Elizabeth Weathers, Rónán O'Caoimh, Ronan O'Sullivan, Constança Paúl, Frances Orfilia, Roger Clarnette, Carol Fitzgerald, Anton Svendrovski, Nicola Cornally, Patricia Leahy-Warren, D William Molloy
Predicting risk of adverse healthcare outcomes is important to enable targeted delivery of interventions. The Risk Instrument for Screening in the Community (RISC), designed for use by public health nurses (PHNs), measures the 1-year risk of hospitalisation, institutionalisation and death in community-dwelling older adults according to a five-point global risk score: from low (score 1,2) to medium (3) to high (4,5). We examined the inter-rater reliability (IRR) of the RISC between student PHNs (n=32) and expert raters using six cases (two low, medium and high-risk), scored before and after RISC training...
September 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
John Q Young, Savannah M van Dijk, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Eugene J Custers, David M Irby, Olle Ten Cate
CONTEXT: The handover represents a high-risk event in which errors are common and lead to patient harm. A better understanding of the cognitive mechanisms of handover errors is essential to improving handover education and practice. OBJECTIVES: This paper reports on an experiment conducted to study the effects of learner knowledge, case complexity (i.e. cases with or without a clear diagnosis) and their interaction on handover accuracy and cognitive load. METHODS: Participants were 52 Dutch medical students in Years 2 and 6...
September 2016: Medical Education
Kaylin Pennington, Ian L Tong, Cindy J Lai, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Leslie Sheu
INTRODUCTION: Research has shown that student-run clinics (SRCs) are ideal experiential learning arenas for medical students, but no studies have characterized the impact of SRC participation on premedical students. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study with newly matriculated first-year medical students at five California medical schools to determine the impact of premedical involvement in SRCs. Participants completed an anonymous one-time online survey that included demographic information and questions regarding SRC involvement prior to medical school...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Jimmie Leppink, Patricia O'Sullivan, Kal Winston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
Patricia Alves Drummond De Oliveira, Saul Martins Paiva, Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimarães De Abreu, Sheyla Márcia Auad
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) on dental erosion (DE) in children and analyze the association between dental erosion and diet, oral hygiene, and sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: This case-control study encompassed 43 two- to 14-year-olds diagnosed positive for GERD by the 24-hour pH monitoring, paired by age group with 136 healthy controls, in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
Bridget C O'Brien, Melissa R Bachhuber, Arianne Teherani, Theresa M Iker, Joanne Batt, Patricia S O'Sullivan
PURPOSE: Early workplace learning experiences may be effective for learning systems-based practice. This study explores systems-oriented workplace learning experiences (SOWLEs) for early learners to suggest a framework for their development. METHOD: The authors used a two-phase qualitative case study design. In Phase 1 (spring 2014), they prepared case write-ups based on transcribed interviews from 10 SOWLE leaders at the authors' institution and, through comparative analysis of cases, identified three SOWLE models...
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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