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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788913/prevalence-and-outcome-of-injury-in-patients-visiting-the-emergency-department-of-yirgalem-general-hospital-southern-ethiopia
#1
Abel Negussie, Andarge Getie, Elias Manaye, Tamrat Tekle
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injuries continue to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the developing world. Despite the high burden of injury in Ethiopia, the occurrence and health impact have not received due attention. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence and outcome of injury among patients visiting the Emergency Department (ED) of Yirgalem General Hospital, southern Ethiopia. METHODS: A facility-based prospective cross sectional study was conducted from March, 27 - April, 30/2017...
May 22, 2018: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788912/association-between-troponin-i-levels-and-outcome-in-critically-ill-patients-admitted-to-non-cardiac-intensive-care-unit-with-high-prevalence-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#2
Abdulaleem Alatassi, Mohamad Habbal, Hani Tamim, Musharaf Sadat, Eman Al Qasim, Yaseen M Arabi
BACKGROUND: The association of troponin-I levels and outcome in medical-surgical ICU patients has been studied before in populations with low to moderate prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors. The objective in this article is to examine the association of troponin-I levels with hospital mortality in patients with high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors who were admitted with medical-surgical indications to a non-cardiac intensive care unit. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of adult patients admitted to a tertiary medical-surgical ICU between July 2001 and November 2011...
May 22, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781468/previvor-an-oncology-nurse-s-story-of-cancer-risk-reduction-through-genetic-testing
#3
Joanne Kelly
My mother was diagnosed with triple-negative breast cancer in 1998 at age 48. Her younger sister has been diagnosed with breast cancer at age 33 but ultimately died of ovarian cancer at age 47. Her mother died of ovarian cancer at age 47. I knew my fate. Meanwhile, as the medical world around me kept turning, the medical-surgical floor on which I worked became an oncology floor. This was not part of my plan.
June 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780358/sex-and-gender-differences-in-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes
#4
REVIEW
Jürgen Harreiter, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer
Lifestyle intervention programs are effective in the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in high risk populations. However, most studies only give limited information about the influence of sex and/or gender effectiveness of these interventions. So far, similar outcome was reported for diabetes progression and weight loss. Nevertheless, long-term data on cardiovascular outcome are sparse but favoring women regarding all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. In both men and women, sex hormone imbalances and reproductive disorders are associated with a higher risk of T2DM development...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779822/associations-of-hyperosmolar-medications-administered-via-nasogastric-or-nasoduodenal-tubes-and-feeding-adequacy-food-intolerance-and-gastrointestinal-complications-amongst-critically-ill-patients-a-retrospective-study
#5
Evertine Wesselink, Kristine W A C Koekkoek, Martijn Looijen, Dick A van Blokland, Renger F Witkamp, Arthur R H van Zanten
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrition is essential during critical illness. However, providing adequate nutrition is often hindered by gastro-intestinal complications, including feeding intolerance. It is suggested that hyperosmolar medications could be causally involved in the development of gastro-intestinal complications. The aims of the present study were 1) to determine the osmolality of common enterally administered dissolved medications and 2) to study the associations between nasogastric and nasoduodenal administered hyperosmolar medications and nutritional adequacy as well as food intolerance and gastro-intestinal symptoms...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773703/investigating-admitted-patients-satisfaction-with-nursing-care-at-debre-berhan-referral-hospital-in-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Nigussie Tadesse Sharew, Hailegiorgis Teklegiorgis Bizuneh, Hilina Ketema Assefa, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were (1) to assess the level of patient satisfaction with nursing care and (2) to identify factors influencing patient satisfaction. DESIGN: A hospital-based, cross-sectional study was conducted with 252 admitted patients in the medical, surgical and paediatric wards. SETTING: Debre Berhan Referral Hospital, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia, with a catchment population of 2.8 million. PARTICIPANTS: All patients admitted at least for 2 days and capable of independent communication were included...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769803/gender-dysphoria-assessment-and-action-for-youth-review-of-health-care-services-and-experiences-of-trans-youth-in-manitoba
#7
Jack Heard, Amanda Morris, Nicole Kirouac, Jennifer Ducharme, Simon Trepel, Brandy Wicklow
Objectives: To describe the paediatric transgender population accessing health care through the Manitoba Gender Dysphoria Assessment and Action for Youth (GDAAY) program, and report youth's experiences accessing health care in Manitoba. Methods: Demographic, medical, surgical and mental health information was extracted from the medical records of youth referred to the GDAAY program (n=174). A 77-item online survey was conducted with a subset of those youth (n=25) to identify common health care experiences and perceptions of trans youth in Manitoba...
May 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769112/association-between-%C3%AE-blocker-use-and-mortality-in-critically-ill-patients-a-nested-cohort-study
#8
Shmeylan A Al Harbi, Khalid A Al Sulaiman, Hani Tamim, Hasan M Al-Dorzi, Musharaf Sadat, Yaseen Arabi
BACKGROUND: β-blockers have several indications in critically ill patients and are commonly used. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between the use of β-blockers in critically ill patients and mortality. METHODS: This was a nested cohort study in which all medical-surgical ICU patients (N = 523) enrolled in a randomized clinical trial of intensive insulin therapy (ISRCTN07413772) were grouped according to β-blocker use during ICU stay. To account for the indication of β-blockers, we constructed a propensity score using selected clinically-relevant and statistically-significant variables related to β-blocker exposure and outcome...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762383/starch-tolerance-and-the-short-bowel
#9
Jan de Laffolie, Hassan Y Naim, Silvia Rudloff, Klaus-Peter Zimmer
Short bowel syndrome with intestinal failure is a rare disease with a massive impairment in quality of life, requiring a multidisciplinary team approach to medical, surgical, and nutritional therapy. Current pharmacological and surgical therapeutic options are limited; an important cornerstone is enteral and parenteral nutrition. The changed physiology of carbohydrate digestion plays a major role in the adaptation process and can be a target for specific enteral nutrition interventions. An important prognostic factor is the preservation of at least portions of the colon in continuity with small bowel...
June 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762157/recent-advances-in-the-classification-of-low-grade-papillary-like-thyroid-neoplasms-and-aggressive-papillary-thyroid-carcinomas-evolution-of-diagnostic-criteria
#10
Zhenying Guo, Minghua Ge, Ying-Hsia Chu, Sofia Asioli, Ricardo V Lloyd
Papillary thyroid carcinomas account for ∼80% of well-differentiated thyroid tumors. During the past decade, several new variants of papillary-like thyroid neoplasms and papillary thyroid carcinomas have been recognized. Some of these neoplasms that were previously classified as malignant have been reclassified as low-grade neoplasms, as the diagnostic criteria have evolved. Similarly, some of the papillary thyroid carcinomas that were previously classified as conventional or classic papillary thyroid carcinomas have now been recognized as more aggressive variants of papillary thyroid carcinomas...
May 12, 2018: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748138/defining-new-barriers-to-mobilisation-in-a-highly-active-intensive-care-unit-have-we-found-the-ceiling-an-observational-study
#11
Christopher Brock, Vince Marzano, Margot Green, Jiali Wang, Teresa Neeman, Imogen Mitchell, Bernie Bissett
BACKGROUND: Mobilisation of intensive care (ICU) patients attenuates ICU-acquired weakness, but the prevalence is low (12-54%). Better understanding of barriers and enablers may inform practice. OBJECTIVES: To identify barriers to mobilisation and factors associated with successful mobilisation in our medical /surgical /trauma ICU where mobilisation is well-established. METHODS: 4-week prospective study of frequency and intensity of mobilisation, clinical factors and barriers (extracted from electronic database)...
May 7, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746694/delirium-burden-in-patients-and-family-caregivers-development-and-testing-of-new-instruments
#12
Annie M Racine, Madeline D'Aquila, Eva M Schmitt, Jacqueline Gallagher, Edward R Marcantonio, Richard N Jones, Sharon K Inouye, Dena Schulman-Green
Background and Objectives: Delirium creates distinct emotional distress in patients and family caregivers, yet there are limited tools to assess the experience. Our objective was to develop separate patient and family caregiver delirium burden instruments and to test their content and construct validity. Research Design and Methods: Two hundred forty-seven patients and 213 family caregivers were selected from an ongoing prospective cohort of medical-surgical admissions aged ≥70 years old...
May 8, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744327/management-of-recurrent-rhinomaxillary-mucormycosis-and-nasal-myiasis-in-an-uncontrolled-diabetic-patient-a-systematic-approach
#13
N M Manjunath, Preema Melani Pinto
Mucormycosis is a rare but often fatal fungal infection caused by a group of fungus known as the Mucorales. This fungus can cause varieties of infections in human beings, especially in an immunocompromised condition. According to various studies, the mortality rate ranges from 10% to 100% depending on the location and site of infection accompanied by underlying diseases. Rhinomaxillary involvement is the most common form of mucormycosis predominantly occurring in patients with uncontrolled diabetes. Necrosis of the maxilla in patients with rhinomaxillary form is less evident as the maxilla is richly vascular, but in case of immunocompromised status, it becomes a common clinical finding...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743150/differences-in-online-consumer-ratings-of-health-care-providers-across-medical-surgical-and-allied-health-specialties-observational-study-of-212-933-providers
#14
Timothy Daskivich, Michael Luu, Benjamin Noah, Garth Fuller, Jennifer Anger, Brennan Spiegel
BACKGROUND: Health care consumers are increasingly using online ratings to select providers, but differences in the distribution of scores across specialties and skew of the data have the potential to mislead consumers about the interpretation of ratings. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to determine whether distributions of consumer ratings differ across specialties and to provide specialty-specific data to assist consumers and clinicians in interpreting ratings...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729240/reducing-hospital-toxicity-impact-on-patient-outcomes
#15
Richard V Milani, Robert M Bober, Carl J Lavie, Jonathan K Wilt, Alexander R Milani, Christopher J White
BACKGROUND: Circadian rhythms are endogenous 24-hour oscillations in biologic processes that drive nearly all physiologic and behavioral functions. Disruption in circadian rhythms can adversely impact short and long-term health outcomes. Routine hospital care often causes significant disruption in sleep-wake patterns that is further compounded by loss of personal control of health information and health decisions. We wished to evaluate measures directed at improving circadian rhythm and access to daily health information on hospital outcomes...
May 2, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729014/revision-cochlear-implant-surgery-in-children-surgical-and-audiological-outcomes
#16
Jeffrey Yeung, Amanda Griffin, Stephen Newton, Margaret Kenna, Greg R Licameli
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To determine the incidence of cochlear implant failure and to examine surgical and audiological outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review, case series. METHODS: This study sought indications for revision surgery, surgical findings, and outcomes, and audiological outcomes in pediatric cochlear implant patients. Pre- and postcochlear reimplantation word recognition performance was analyzed using a modified version of the Pediatric Ranked Order Speech Perception (PROSPER) score...
May 4, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724148/medical-response-to-the-declaration-of-the-first-world-war-the-case-of-edwin-seaborn
#17
Alexandra C Istl, Vivian C McAlister
At the turn of the 20th century, Dr Edwin Seaborn was starting his surgical and academic career at Western University in Ontario. When war was declared in 1914, Seaborn prevailed upon the university's president to offer the Canadian government a fully staffed hospital for deployment overseas. Initially declined by the War Office in Ottawa, the university's offer was later accepted after mounting casualties stretched the capacity of the Canadian Army Medical Corps, and Seaborn was granted command of the new No...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721359/acute-cauda-equina-syndrome-following-orthopedic-procedures-as-a-result-of-epidural-anesthesia
#18
Lisa B E Shields, Vasudeva G Iyer, Yi Ping Zhang, Christopher B Shields
Background: Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare complication of spinal or epidural anesthesia. It is attributed to direct mechanical injury to the spinal roots of the cauda equina that may result in saddle anesthesia and paraplegia with bowel and bladder dysfunction. Case Description: The first patient underwent a hip replacement and received 5 mL of 1% lidocaine epidural anesthesia. Postoperatively, when the patient developed an acute CES, the lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan demonstrated clumping/posterior displacement of nerve roots of the cauda equina consistent with adhesive arachnoiditis attributed to the patient's previous L4-L5 lumbar decompression/fusion...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719322/saudi-oncology-society-and-saudi-urology-association-combined-clinical-management-guidelines-for-urothelial-cell-carcinoma-of-the-urinary-bladder-2017
#19
REVIEW
Hulayel Alharbi, Sultan Alkhateeb, Esam Murshid, Mohammed Alotaibi, Ashraf Abusamra, Danny Rabah, Mubarak Almansour, Abdullah Alghamdi, Ali Aljubran, Amin Eltigani, Hussein Alkushi, Imran Ahmed, Abdullah Alsharm, Shouki Bazarbashi
This is an update to the previously published Saudi guidelines for the evaluation and medical/surgical management of patients diagnosed with urothelial cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder. It is categorized according to the stage of the disease using the tumor node metastasis staging system, 7th edition. The guidelines are presented with their accompanying supporting evidence level, which is based on comprehensive literature review, several internationally recognized guidelines, and the collective expertise of the guidelines committee members (authors) who were selected by the Saudi Oncology Society and Saudi Urological Association...
April 2018: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716911/early-warning-score-communication-bundle-a-pilot-study
#20
EDITORIAL
Cheryl Gagne, Susan Fetzer
BACKGROUND: Unplanned admissions of patients to intensive care units from medical-surgical units often result from failure to recognize clinical deterioration. The early warning score is a clinical decision support tool for nurse surveillance but must be communicated to nurses and implemented appropriately. A communication process including collaboration with experienced intensive care unit nurses may reduce unplanned transfers. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of an early warning score communication bundle on medical-surgical transfers to the intensive care unit, rapid response team calls, and morbidity of patients upon intensive care unit transfer...
May 2018: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
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