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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449824/reduced-self-control-after-3-months-of-imprisonment-a-pilot-study
#1
Jesse Meijers, Joke M Harte, Gerben Meynen, Pim Cuijpers, Erik J A Scherder
Background: Prison can be characterized as an impoverished environment encouraging a sedentary lifestyle with limited autonomy and social interaction, which may negatively affect self-control and executive function. Here, we aim to study the effects of imprisonment on self-control and executive functions, and we report the change in neuropsychological outcome after 3 months of imprisonment. Materials and Methods: Participants were 37 male inmates in a remand prison in Amsterdam, Netherlands, who completed six tests of a computerized neuropsychological test battery (the Cambridge Automated Neuropsychological Test Battery) in the first week of arrival...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449414/pathogen-trojan-horse-delivers-bioactive-host-protein-to-alter-maize-zea-mays-anther-cell-behavior-in-situ
#2
Karina Van Der Linde, Ljudmilla Timofejeva, Rachel L Egger, Birger Ilau, Reza Hammond, Chong Teng, Blake C Meyers, Gunther Doehlemann, Virginia Walbot
Small proteins are crucial signals during development, host defense, and physiology. Spatiotemporal restricted functions of signaling proteins remain challenging to study in planta. The several month span required to assess transgene expression, particularly in flowers, combined with the uncertainties from transgene position effects and ubiquitous or overexpression, makes monitoring of spatiotemporally restricted signaling proteins lengthy and difficult. This situation could be rectified with a transient assay in which protein deployment is controlled spatially and temporally in planta to assess protein functions, timing, and cellular targets as well as to facilitate rapid mutagenesis to define functional protein domains...
February 15, 2018: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448225/a-dye-sensitized-solar-cell-acting-as-the-electrical-reading-box-of-an-immunosensor-application-to-cea-determination
#3
Liliana A A N A Truta, Felismina T C Moreira, M Goreti F Sales
Monitoring cancer biomarkers in biological fluids has become a key tool for disease diagnosis, which should be of easy access anywhere in the world. The possibility of reducing basic requirements in the field of electrochemical biosensing may open doors in this direction. This work proposes for this purpose an innovative electrochemical immunosensing system using a photovoltaic cell as an electrical reading box. Immunosensing ensures accuracy, the electrochemical-ground of the device ensures sensitivity and detectability, and the photovoltaic cell drives the system towards electrical autonomy...
February 7, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446509/recovery-without-autonomy-progress-forward-or-more-of-the-same-for-mental-health-service-users
#4
Louise Byrne, Stephanie Schoeppe, Julie Bradshaw
In Western nations, the Recovery approach has become a widely accepted philosophy and treatment concept in mental health. Yet, community understanding of the Recovery approach remains largely unexplored. This study aimed to investigate (i) people's awareness of the principles underpinning the Recovery approach in mental health, and (ii) the treatment approaches people consider most important, and whether these align with the Recovery approach. To achieve these aims, a random sample of 1217 Australian adults participated in the National Social Survey (QSS) via telephone interview...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446496/the-voice-of-nurses-novice-nurses-first-experiences-in-a-clinical-setting-a-longitudinal-diary-study
#5
Yvonne Hoeve Ten, Saskia Kunnen, Jasperina Brouwer, Petrie F Roodbol
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To gain greater understanding of which personal and professional demands novice nurses are confronted with and what can be done to improve the transition from novice to professional staff nurse. BACKGROUND: Novice nurses are confronted with a lot of physical, emotional and intellectual changes in the role-transition process from student nurse to professional staff nurse, which are often related to feelings of confusion, uncertainty and stress...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446313/digital-chalk-talk-videos-improve-knowledge-and-satisfaction-in-renal-physiology
#6
John K Roberts, Saumil M Chudgar, Deborah Engle, Elizabeth K McClain, Emma Jakoi, Michael Berkoben, Ruediger W Lehrich
The authors began a curriculum reform project to improve the experience in a Renal Physiology course for first-year medical students. Taking into account both the variety of learning preferences among students and the benefits of student autonomy, the authors hypothesized that adding digital chalk-talk videos to lecture notes and live lectures would improve student knowledge, course satisfaction, and engagement. The authors measured performance on the renal physiology exam before (the traditional curriculum) and for 2 yr after implementation of the new curriculum...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445587/training-in-robotic-thoracic-surgery
#7
REVIEW
Paul L Linsky, Benjamin Wei
The best way to teach robotic thoracic surgery is still being decided. New trainees, experienced video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) surgeons, and predominantly open surgeons each have different needs when it comes to learning robotic surgery. The data shows that the learning curve and ability to learn robotics initially appears to be shorter and easier than surgeons learning VATS. Though the absolute best method for teaching is still under investigation, multiple centers have started to create systematic methods of teaching robotic surgery that increases resident autonomy while still protecting the patient...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444364/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-effects-of-increased-resident-autonomy-on-practice-patterns-and-patient-satisfaction
#8
Severine Z Cao, Steven T Chen
The appropriate balance between autonomy and supervision in graduate medical education remains an understudied question within dermatology. A recent survey of residents in a large academic dermatology residency program revealed concerns over inadequate autonomy in outpatient clinics. Residents in this program rotate through general and specialty clinics as well as two continuity clinics, but the degree of autonomy remains attending dependent, with most clinics following an "apprenticeship model" where residents function as assistants to their attending...
February 14, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444296/a-longitudinal-study-of-depressive-symptoms-neuropsychological-functioning-and-medical-responsibility-in-youth-with-spina-bifida-examining-direct-and-mediating-pathways
#9
Alexa Stern, Colleen F Bechtel Driscoll, Diana Ohanian, Grayson N Holmbeck
Objective: Given the increased risk for cognitive deficits and development of depressive symptoms in youth with spina bifida (SB), this study aimed to examine two pathways through which depressive symptoms and neuropsychological dysfunction may be associated with medical autonomy in this population: (1) depressive symptoms as predictors of medical autonomy as mediated by attention/executive functioning (the cognitive scarring model), and (2) attention/executive functioning as predictors of medical autonomy as mediated by depressive symptoms (the cognitive vulnerability model)...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441699/psychosocial-functioning-and-risk-factors-among-siblings-of-children-with-cancer-an-updated-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Kristin Long, Vicky Lehmann, Cynthia Gerhardt, Aubrey Carpenter, Anna Marsland, Melissa Alderfer
OBJECTIVES: Siblings' psychosocial adjustment to childhood cancer is poorly understood. This systematic review summarizes findings and limitations of the sibling literature since 2008, provides clinical recommendations, and offers future research directions. METHOD: MEDLINE/Pubmed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched for articles related to siblings, psychosocial functioning, and pediatric cancer. After systematic screening, studies meeting inclusion criteria were rated for scientific merit, and findings were extracted and synthesized...
February 13, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441444/listening-to-the-patient-perspective-psychiatric-inpatients-attitudes-towards-physical-restraint
#11
Yaniv Spinzy, M Saed, S Aviv, G Cohen-Rappaport
When other options fail, physical restraint is used in inpatient psychiatric units as a means to control violent behavior of agitated inpatients and to prevent them from harm. The professional and social discourse regarding the use of restrictive measures and the absence of the inpatients' attitudes towards these measures is notable. Our research therefore tries to fill this gap by interviewing inpatients about these issues. To assess the subjective experience and attitudes of inpatients who have undergone physical restraint...
February 14, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439789/-different-old-ages
#12
David Le Breton
There is no single form of ageing. Some people age in a sort of peaceful and happy continuity of their existence, while others are confronted with illness or bereavements which can weaken them considerably. Ageing therefore takes many different forms. Autonomy, social ties and quality of life are key factors in determining how someone ages.
January 2018: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439787/-body-autonomy-and-responsibility-of-the-individual
#13
Flora Bastiani
The question 'Who does my body belong to?' may at first seem strange. However, it highlights the complexity concealed by the very fact of corporeity, the place of existence and encounter between others and oneself.
January 2018: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439540/an-architecture-framework-for-orchestrating-context-aware-it-ecosystems-a-case-study-for-quantitative-evaluation-%C3%A2
#14
Soojin Park, Sungyong Park, Young B Park
With the emergence of various forms of smart devices and new paradigms such as the Internet of Things (IoT) concept, the IT (Information Technology) service areas are expanding explosively compared to the provision of services by single systems. A new system operation concept that has emerged in accordance with such technical trends is the IT ecosystem. The IT ecosystem can be considered a special type of system of systems in which multiple systems with various degrees of autonomy achieve common goals while adapting to the given environment...
February 12, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438659/what-factors-are-associated-with-the-recovery-of-autonomy-after-a-hip-fracture-a-prospective-multicentric-cohort-study
#15
Mattia Morri, Paolo Chiari, Cristiana Forni, Antonella Orlandi Magli, Domenica Gazineo, Natalia Franchini, Lorenzo Marconato, Tiziana Giamboi, Andrea Cotti
OBJECTIVE: to identify the factors associated with recovering autonomy in the activities of daily living DESIGN: A prospective cohort study SETTING: The orthopedic and orthogeriatric departments of 2 regional hospitals PARTICIPANTS: Patients 65 years of age or older with a diagnosis of fragility hip fracture. There were 840 eligible patients. Forty-three patients were excluded and 55 were lost. Seven hundred and forty-two consecutive patients was enrolled at the time of hospitalization and 727 at follow-up...
February 10, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437742/implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-in-the-context-of-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-a-lesson-in-patient-autonomy
#16
Jonathan James Hyett Bray, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci, Graham Stuart
Hypertrophiccardiomyopathy (HCM) is common, whereas the decision not to have an implantable cardioverterdefibrillator (ICD) when probably falling into a 'high-risk' category is not. A solicitor aged 45 years attended the inherited cardiac conditions clinic for review of her HCM and discussion about ICD implantation for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Despite a predicted 7% risk of SCD within the next 5 years, according to the European Society of Cardiology endorsed HCM Risk-SCD risk stratification tool, the patient opted against implantation of an ICD and comprehensively justifies her decision...
February 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437270/clinicians-attitudes-and-approaches-to-evaluating-the-potential-living-kidney-donor-recipient-relationship-an-interview-study
#17
Angelique F Ralph, Phyllis Butow, Jonathan C Craig, Jeremy R Chapman, John S Gill, John Kanellis, Allison Tong
AIM: Careful assessment of the potential donor-recipient relationship is recommended by guidelines to prevent undue coercion, and ensure realistic expectations and genuine motivations. However, relationships are complex, nuanced and value-laden, and can be challenging to evaluate in living kidney donation. We aimed to describe the attitudes and approaches of transplant clinicians towards assessing the relationship between potential living kidney donors and their recipients. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 54 transplant clinicians (nephrologists, surgeons, coordinators, social workers, psychiatrists and psychologists) from 32 transplant centres across nine countries including Australia, United States, Canada and New Zealand...
February 13, 2018: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436918/the-impact-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-posttraumatic-stress-cognitions-and-interpersonal-dependency-on-psychological-co-morbidities-following-relationship-dissolution-among-college-students
#18
Siqi Fang, Man Cheung Chung, Clare Watson
BACKGROUND: Relationship dissolution is a distressing experience which can result in the emergence of posttraumatic stress (i.e. post-dissolution PTSS) and other psychological symptoms among college students. Little is known, however, whether posttraumatic stress cognitions and interpersonal dependency may influence the severity of these distress outcomes. AIMS: This study examined the interrelationship between posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), posttraumatic stress cognitions, interpersonal dependency and psychological co-morbidities following relationship dissolution...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436708/nursing-wound-care-practices-in-haiti-facilitators-and-barriers-to-quality-care
#19
B A Timmins, C Thomas Riché, M W Saint-Jean, J Tuck, L Merry
AIM: To describe the facilitators and barriers for nurses to perform quality wound care in three surgical wards of a hospital in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. BACKGROUND: Up to a quarter of patients in low- and middle-income countries may acquire at least one infection while hospitalized. There is a paucity of research investigating nursing wound care practices in low- and middle-income countries regarding the prevention of hospital-acquired infections. METHODS: The design was qualitative descriptive...
February 13, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435968/-a-new-phenotype-of-infantile-onset-pompe-disease
#20
A Nascimento, E Villalobos-Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Infantile-onset Pompe disease is a kind of glycogenosis resulting from a deficit of the enzyme acid alpha-glucosidase. Before specific enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) became available, the classic form was fatal during the first two years of life. ERT increases survival and improves cardiac, respiratory and motor functioning. CASE REPORTS: Case 1: 2-month-old infant with predominantly axial hypotonia who required the use of a nasogastric tube as a result of difficulties in sucking and swallowing...
February 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
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