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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350492/addressing-stillbirth-in-india-must-include-men
#1
Lisa Roberts, Susanne Montgomery, Gayatri Ganesh, Harinder Pal Kaur, Ratan Singh
BACKGROUND: Millennium Development Goal 4, to reduce child mortality, can only be achieved by reducing stillbirths globally. A confluence of medical and sociocultural factors contribute to the high stillbirth rates in India. The psychosocial aftermath of stillbirth is a well-documented public health problem, though less is known of the experience for men, particularly outside of the Western context. Therefore, men's perceptions and knowledge regarding reproductive health, as well as maternal-child health are important...
March 28, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346164/affiliative-interpersonal-behaviors-during-stress-are-associated-with-sleep-quality-and-presleep-arousal-in-young-healthy-adults
#2
Heather E Gunn, Kenneth L Critchfield, Julia E Mackaronis, Holly K Rau, Matthew R Cribbet, Wendy M Troxel, Paula G Williams
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between stress-related interpersonal behaviors, presleep arousal (PSA), and sleep quality. METHODS: Sixty-four participants (53% female) described a recent stressful interpersonal event that was coded for overall degree of affiliation (warmth vs hostility) and autonomy (independence vs interdependence). Cognitive and somatic PSA and sleep quality were examined using regression with affiliation and autonomy scores as predictors...
April 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345677/relationships-of-work-related-psychosocial-risks-stress-individual-factors-and-burnout-questionnaire-survey-among-emergency-physicians-and-nurses
#3
Ivana M Ilić, Mirjana Ž Arandjelović, Jovica M Jovanović, Milkica M Nešić
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial risks represent a great challenge for safety and health protection at work in Europe. The purpose of this study has been to determine the relationships of psychosocial risks arising from work, stress, personal characteristics and burnout among physicians and nurses in the Emergency Medical Service (EMS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study based on a questionnaire survey which contained the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) and Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI)...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345497/scoping-the-role-and-education-needs-of-practice-nurses-in-london
#4
Susan Procter, Lauren Griffiths, Agnes Fanning, Lizzie Wallman, Heather P Loveday
Aims To identify education priorities for practice nursing across eight London Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs); to identify the education, training, development and support needs of practice nurses in undertaking current and future roles. BACKGROUND: The education needs of practice nurses have long been recognised but their employment status means that accessing education requires the support of their GP employer. This study scopes the educational requirements of the practice nurse workforce and working with educational providers and commissioners describes a coherent educational pathway for practice nurses...
March 27, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345358/-instead-of-popping-pills-perhaps-you-should-add-frog-breathing-experiences-of-glossopharyngeal-insufflation-breathing-for-people-with-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#5
Malin Nygren-Bonnier, Jens Werner, Gabriele Biguet, Sverker Johansson
BACKGROUND: People with cervical spinal cord injury have impaired function of the respiratory muscles, which results in reduced ventilation. Glossopharyngeal insufflation/breathing increases total lung capacity and improves cough function, however, knowledge of the experiences regarding learning and practicing glossopharyngeal insufflation in everyday life is missing. PURPOSE: To describe and explore the experiences of learning and practicing glossopharyngeal insufflation among people with cervical spinal cord injury...
March 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345253/attending-and-avoiding-dental-appointments-do-bright-and-dark-motivational-paths-have-a-role
#6
A E Münster Halvari, H Halvari, E L Deci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test a self-determination theory (SDT) process model of the "bright" and the "dark" motivational pathways through dental attendance or avoidance to oral health. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 322 students from all study disciplines at the University of Oslo. Participants responded to a survey with validated questionnaires. Structural equation modelling was used to test the SDT model, and a bootstrapping procedure was used to test the indirect links in the model...
March 26, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344439/family-context-in-muscular-dystrophies-psychosocial-aspects-and-social-integration
#7
Lorenza Magliano, Luisa Politano
Muscular dystrophies (MDs) are degenerative diseases which may led to marked functional impairment and reduced life expectancy. Being caregivers of a loved one with MD may be both a rewarding and a demanding experience that may have relevant impact on the quality of life of the whole family. In this short review we summarize the main findings of the first survey on family context in MD in Italy. The study was carried out on 502 key-relatives of patients suffering from Duchenne, Becker, or Limb-Girdle MD, aged between 4 and 25 years, and attending one of 8 participating Centers, all over 2012...
October 2016: Acta Myologica: Myopathies and Cardiomyopathies: Official Journal of the Mediterranean Society of Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344381/shame-and-guilt-proneness-as-mediators-of-associations-between-general-causality-orientations-and-depressive-symptoms
#8
Chelsie M Young, Clayton Neighbors, Angelo M Dibello, Zachary K Traylor, Mary Tomkins
The present study examined the roles of shame- and guilt-proneness as mediators of associations between general causality orientations and depressive symptoms. We expected autonomy would be associated with less depressive symptoms based on higher guilt-proneness and lower shame-proneness, whereas control would be associated with more depressive symptoms based on lower guilt-proneness and higher shame-proneness. Undergraduates (N = 354) completed assessments of general causality orientations, shame- and guilt-proneness, and depressive symptoms in exchange for extra credit...
May 2016: Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344105/a-new-reconstructed-human-epidermis-rhe-for-in-vitro-skin-irritation-testing
#9
Tatiana do Nascimento Pedrosa, Carolina Motter Catarino, Paula Comune Pennacchi, Sílvia Romano de Assis, Fabrícia Gimenes, Márcia Edilaine Lopes Consolaro, Silvia Berlanga de Moraes Barros, Silvya Stuchi Maria-Engler
Different models of reconstructed human epidermis (RHE) are currently validated to assess skin irritation in vitro and ultimately to the animal replacement of the Draize test. The development of a new RHE model is a challenge for many laboratories, representing a potential gain of autonomy and improvement of technological knowledge. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) encourages the development of new models and, for this purpose, offers a thorough guideline on quality control parameters (OECD TG 439)...
March 23, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343206/-euthanasia-an-attempt-to-organize-issue
#10
Tomasz Kirmes, Mateusz Wilk, Czesław Chowaniec
This article is an attempt to complete and holistically discuss problem of euthanasia, especially its ethical and legal aspects, comparing to Polish law. The subject of euthanasia arouse interest of the society because it touches one of the most important aspects of life, which is the death. Even bigger emotions are aroused amongst physicians. They are forced to put on the line the life as biggest value on the one side and autonomy of human being on the other. It also touches the empathy for suffering. The euthanasia was divided into three forms: active euthanasia, passive euthanasia and assisted suicide...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342431/-considerations-for-the-definition-of-a-interval-of-vulnerability-possibility-in-adolescence
#11
José Víctor Orón Semper, Luis Enrique Echarte Alonso
This article explores the hypothesis that while maturation related cognitive abilities reaches maturity around the age of fifteen, maturation related social skills is delayed until well into the twenties. Our goal is to try to define what is the window of opportunity/vulnerability and what is the maturational status of the young in this interval. In this context, we argue how the maturational time of the closing of adolescence has an impact on the valuation of autonomy in decision-making of the person. Particularly, we figure out implications for the assessment of the autonomy of youth in health issues, and also criminal liability...
January 2017: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341771/small-chromosomal-regions-position-themselves-autonomously-according-to-their-chromatin-class
#12
Harmen Jan George van de Werken, Josien C de Haan, Yana Feodorova, Dominika Bijos, An Weuts, Koen Theunis, Sjoerd Holwerda, Wouter Meuleman, Ludo Pagie, Katharina Thanisch, Parveen Kumar, Heinrich Leonhardt, Peter Marynen, Bas van Steesel, Thierry Voet, Wouter de Laat, Irina Solovei, Boris Joffe
The spatial arrangement of chromatin is linked to the regulation of nuclear processes. One striking aspect of nuclear organization is the spatial segregation of heterochromatic and euchromatic domains. The mechanisms of this chromatin segregation are still poorly understood. In this work we investigated the link between the primary genomic sequence and chromatin domains. We analyzed the spatial intranuclear arrangement of a human artificial chromosome (HAC) in a xenospecific mouse background in comparison to an orthologous region of native mouse chromosome...
March 24, 2017: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341706/partner-abundance-controls-mutualism-stability-and-the-pace-of-morphological-change-over-geologic-time
#13
Guillaume Chomicki, Susanne S Renner
Mutualisms that involve symbioses among specialized partners may be more stable than mutualisms among generalists, and theoretical models predict that in many mutualisms, partners exert reciprocal stabilizing selection on traits directly involved in the interaction. A corollary is that mutualism breakdown should increase morphological rates of evolution. We here use the largest ant-plant clade (Hydnophytinae), with different levels of specialization for mutualistic ant symbionts, to study the ecological context of mutualism breakdown and the response of a key symbiosis-related trait, domatium entrance hole size, which filters symbionts by size...
March 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341692/-we-both-just-wanted-to-be-normal-parents-a-qualitative-study-of-the-experience-of-maternity-care-for-women-with-learning-disability
#14
Reem Malouf, Jenny McLeish, Sara Ryan, Ron Gray, Maggie Redshaw
BACKGROUND: More women with learning disability (LD) are becoming mothers. Women with LD have rights to equal access to maternity care that meets their needs, however, many have poor pregnancy and birth outcomes compared to other women in the UK. Research is limited in this area. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to explore the lived experiences of pregnancy, childbirth, prenatal and postnatal care and services received by this group of women in the UK, including their expressed information and support needs relating to maternity care...
March 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341325/relevance-of-grasp-types-to-assess-functionality-for-personal-autonomy
#15
Verónica Gracia-Ibáñez, Joaquin L Sancho-Bru, Margarita Vergara
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional research design. INTRODUCTION: Current assessment of hand function is not focused on evaluating the real abilities required for autonomy. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To quantify the relevance of grasp types for autonomy to guide hand recovery and its assessment. METHODS: Representative tasks of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health activities in which the hands are directly involved were recorded...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340589/critical-race-theory-as-a-tool-for-understanding-poor-engagement-along-the-hiv-care-continuum-among-african-american-black-and-hispanic-persons-living-with-hiv-in-the-united-states-a-qualitative-exploration
#16
Robert Freeman, Marya Viorst Gwadz, Elizabeth Silverman, Alexandra Kutnick, Noelle R Leonard, Amanda S Ritchie, Jennifer Reed, Belkis Y Martinez
BACKGROUND: African American/Black and Hispanic persons living with HIV (AABH-PLWH) in the U.S. evidence insufficient engagement in HIV care and low uptake of HIV antiretroviral therapy, leading to suboptimal clinical outcomes. The present qualitative study used critical race theory, and incorporated intersectionality theory, to understand AABH-PLWH's perspectives on the mechanisms by which structural racism; that is, the macro-level systems that reinforce inequities among racial/ethnic groups, influence health decisions and behaviors...
March 24, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340051/protective-factors-for-work-ability-in-preschool-teachers
#17
I Sottimano, S Viotti, G Guidetti, D Converso
Background: Work ability (WA) describes the physical and intellectual resources on which individuals can rely to respond to work demands. While several studies have investigated the protective role of work-related psychosocial factors on WA, only a few have examined differences across age cohorts. Moreover, few studies have investigated WA in the educational context and most of those did not consider preschool teachers. Aims: To examine the role of psychosocial factors (support from colleagues, support from supervisors, work meaning, reward, skill discretion and autonomy) in sustaining WA among preschool teachers in different age cohorts...
March 8, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339924/the-trans-golgi-network-and-the-golgi-stacks-behave-independently-during-regeneration-after-brefeldin-a-treatment-in-tobacco-by-2-cells
#18
Yoko Ito, Kiminori Toyooka, Masaru Fujimoto, Takashi Ueda, Tomohiro Uemura, Akihiko Nakano
The trans-Golgi network (TGN) plays an essential role in intracellular membrane trafficking. In plant cells, recent live-cell imaging studies have revealed the dynamic behavior of the TGN independent from the Golgi apparatus. In order to better understand the relationships between the two organelles, we examined their dynamic responses to the reagent brefeldin A (BFA) and their recovery after BFA removal. Golgi markers responded to BFA similarly over a range of concentrations, whereas the behavior of the TGN was BFA concentration dependent...
February 21, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339586/framing-tobacco-dependence-as-a-brain-disease-implications-for-policy-and-practice
#19
Kylie Morphett, Adrian Carter, Wayne Hall, Coral Gartner
Introduction: Like other forms of drug dependence, tobacco dependence is increasingly being described as a "chronic brain disease." The potential consequences of this medical labelling have been examined in relation to other addictions, but the implications for tobacco control have been neglected. Some have posited that biomedical conceptions of addiction will reduce stigma and increase uptake of efficacious treatments. Others have countered that it could increase stigma, reduce treatment seeking, and deter unassisted quitting...
January 21, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338280/patients-views-on-their-decision-making-during-inpatient-rehabilitation-after-newly-acquired-spinal-cord-injury-a-qualitative-interview-based-study
#20
Anke Scheel-Sailer, Marcel W Post, Franz Michel, Tatjana Weidmann-Hügle, Ruth Baumann Hölzle
INTRODUCTION: Involving patients in decision making is a legal requirement in many countries, associated with better rehabilitation outcomes, but not easily accomplished during initial inpatient rehabilitation after severe trauma. Providing medical treatment according to the principles of shared decision making is challenging as a point in case for persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to retrospectively explore the patients' views on their participation in decision making during their first inpatient rehabilitation after onset of SCI, in order to optimize treatment concepts...
March 24, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
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