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Otitis externa

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557264/opioids-and-the-otolaryngologist-an-ambulatory-assessment
#1
Suresh Mohan, Neil Bhattacharyya
Objectives To recognize current opioid prescription patterns in otolaryngology and determine changes in rates of outpatient opioid prescribing over time. Study Design Cross-sectional analysis of national survey database. Setting Ambulatory care settings in the United States. Subjects and Methods The National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey from 2006 to 2013 was analyzed for outpatient otolaryngology visits. The rate of opioid medication prescribing was determined with patient and visit characteristics associated with an opioid prescription, including corresponding diagnoses...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529928/in-vitro-susceptibility-of-ciprofloxacin-resistant-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-to-ototopical-therapy
#2
David D Walker, Michael Z David, Dominic Catalano, Robert Daum, Michael B Gluth
Objective Despite the rising incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) otologic infections, choice of treatment remains controversial. Only fluoroquinolone-containing ototopical preparations are approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for middle ear application. Furthermore, American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation guidelines advocate ototopical monotherapy for both tympanostomy tube otorrhea and acute otitis externa. Unfortunately, MRSA may be ciprofloxacin resistant...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488502/-the-species-composition-and-sensitivity-of-pathogenic-microflora-responsible-for-the-development-of-otitis-externa-diffusa-to-the-components-of-polidexa
#3
V N Krasnozhen, E M Pokrovskaya, L T Bayazitova
The objective of the present work was to study microflora of the external auditory meatus in the patients presenting with bacterial otitis externa diffusa. The authors have analyzed the results of microbiological investigations involving 102 patients with this condition undergoing the treatment with 'Polidexa'. The characteristic of species composition of microflora associated with otitis externa diffusa is presented. The sensitivity of the most common pathogens responsible for the development of this pathology towards antibiotics contained in ear drops has been analysed...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466046/impact-of-synthetic-canine-cerumen-on-in-vitro-penetration-of-auricular-skin-of-dogs-by-florfenicol-terbinafine-and-betamethasone-acetate
#4
Sarah Ehling, Ronald E Baynes, Wolfgang Bäumer
OBJECTIVE To determine the pharmacokinetics of florfenicol, terbinafine, and betamethasone acetate after topical application to canine auricular skin and the influence of synthetic canine cerumen on pharmacokinetics. SAMPLE Auricular skin from 6 euthanized shelter dogs (3 females and 3 neutered males with no visible signs of otitis externa). PROCEDURES Skin adjacent to the external opening of the ear canal was collected and prepared for use in a 2-compartment flow-through diffusion cell system to evaluate penetration of an otic gel containing florfenicol, terbinafine, and betamethasone acetate over a 24-hour period...
March 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429416/microbiology-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-otitis-externa-a-changing-pattern-of-antimicrobial-resistance
#5
E Heward, M Cullen, J Hobson
OBJECTIVE: Otitis externa is a common presentation to secondary care otolaryngology clinics. Despite this, few studies have investigated the microbiology and antimicrobial resistance of otitis externa. This study aimed to examine these issues. METHODS: Analysis identified 302 swabs taken from 217 patients (100 male, 117 female), between 1 January 2015 and 30 March 2016, at our rapid access otolaryngology clinic. RESULTS: In total, 315 organisms were isolated; the most frequent was Pseudomonas aeruginosa (31...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416952/advanced-imaging-techniques-in-skull-base-osteomyelitis-due-to-malignant-otitis-externa
#6
REVIEW
A M J L van Kroonenburgh, W L van der Meer, R J P Bothof, M van Tilburg, J van Tongeren, A A Postma
Purpose of Review: To give an up-to-date overview of the strengths and weaknesses of current imaging modalities in diagnosis and follow-up of skull base osteomyelitis (SBO). Recent Findings: CT and MRI are both used for anatomical imaging, and nuclear techniques aid in functional process imaging. Hybrid techniques PET-CT and PET-MRI are the newest modalities which combine imaging strengths. Summary: No single modality is able to address the scope of SBO...
2018: Current Radiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369930/otitis-externa
#7
Jill Gore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365233/ear-pain-diagnosing-common-and-uncommon-causes
#8
John Scott Earwood, Tyler Sherrod Rogers, Nicholas Alan Rathjen
Otalgia (ear pain) is a common presentation in the primary care setting with many diverse causes. Pain that originates from the ear is called primary otalgia, and the most common causes are otitis media and otitis externa. Examination of the ear usually reveals abnormal findings in patients with primary otalgia. Pain that originates outside the ear is called secondary otalgia, and the etiology can be difficult to establish because of the complex innervation of the ear. The most common causes of secondary otalgia include temporomandibular joint syndrome and dental infections...
January 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363210/in-vitro-antimicrobial-activity-of-narasin-against-common-clinical-isolates-associated-with-canine-otitis-externa
#9
Wei Yee Chan, Elizabeth E Hickey, Manouchehr Khazandi, Stephen W Page, Darren J Trott, Peter B Hill
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial stewardship are of ever-increasing importance in veterinary medicine. Re-purposing of old drugs that are not used in human medicine is one approach that addresses the emergence of multidrug resistance in canine skin and ear infections, and can reduce the use of critically important human antibiotic classes. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To determine the antimicrobial activity of narasin, a polyether ionophore conventionally used as a rumen modifier and anticoccidial agent in production animals, against common clinical isolates of canine otitis externa (OE)...
April 2018: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360092/management-of-necrotizing-otitis-externa-our-experience-with-forty-three-patients
#10
Sunil Sharma, Tumena Corrah, Arvind Singh
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the introduction of a dedicated management protocol of necrotizing otitis externa patients with joint care between otorhinolaryngology and infectious diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of case notes and the otorhinolaryngology department database of all adults admitted with necrotizing otitis externa at our teaching hospital over a 5-year period. The patients were split into two groups (first group of 10 patients prior to the introduction of the dedicated management protocol, and a second group of 33 patients managed after the introduction of this protocol)...
December 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309708/a-new-stubby-species-of-demodectic-mite-acari-demodicidae-from-the-domestic-dog-canidae
#11
Tatsushi Morita, Aki Ohmi, Akihito Kiwaki, Kazunori Ike, Katsuyuki Nagata
A new species of Demodex was detected in the earwax of a dog with otitis externa in Saitama Prefecture, Japan, in July 2010. The opisthosoma length of the mite was slightly shorter than 1/2 of its body length, which was different from the other species in domestic dogs, D. canis and D. injai, but was similar to the form of mites termed "short-bodied species", including D. cornei. However, the stubby external form was morphologically different from those of "short-bodied species", excluding a case without a species description reported from Greece...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308338/bilateral-external-auditory-exostoses-causing-conductive-hearing-loss-a-case-report-and-literature-review-of-the-surfer-s-ear
#12
Dennis A Barbon, Rahul Hegde, Shuo Li, Ahmed Abdelbaki, Divyansh Bajaj
In patients with repeated exposure to cold water, such as cold water surfers and kayakers, the reactive exostoses can occur in the external auditory canal. The external auditory canal exostoses are multiple, benign bony growths. They can cause external auditory canal stenosis, leading to repeated otitis externa and potentially conductive hearing loss. It is vital to consider this entity in susceptible patients who report hearing loss, as timely intervention such as proper ear protection equipment can lower the risk of developing severe external auditory canal exostoses...
October 30, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283096/the-role-of-topical-thymoquinone-in-the-treatment-of-acute-otitis-externa-an-experimental-study-in-rats
#13
Hasan Demirel, Cengiz Arlı, Tümay Özgür, Melek İnci, Recep Dokuyucu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this experimental study was to compare the dose-related effect of topical thymoquinone (TQ) with other topical agents used in the management of acute otitis externa (AOE) in a rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight male Wistar albino rats were divided into six groups each with eight rats per group. Group I was the control group with no external otitis, whereas external otitis were created in the other five groups (study groups). Dexamethasone, 0...
December 14, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235932/retrospective-study-of-the-presentation-diagnosis-and-management-of-16-cats-with-otitis-media-not-due-to-nasopharyngeal-polyp
#14
Nicola Swales, Aiden Foster, Natalie Barnard
Objectives The aim of this study was to analyse retrospectively cats diagnosed with otitis media (OM) not due to nasopharyngeal polyp, and to review the clinical outcome with surgical and medical management. Methods Patient records were searched for cats diagnosed with OM. The diagnosis of OM was based on the presence of clinical signs, including neurological signs, respiratory signs and signs of otitis externa, and on the basis of evidence of thickened or irregular bullae walls, or the presence of fluid within the tympanic cavity; in those that had diagnostic imaging...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213272/host-responses-to-malassezia-spp-in-the-mammalian-skin
#15
REVIEW
Florian Sparber, Salomé LeibundGut-Landmann
The skin of mammalian organisms is home for a myriad of microbes. Many of these commensals are thought to have beneficial effects on the host by critically contributing to immune homeostasis. Consequently, dysbiosis can have detrimental effects for the host that may manifest with inflammatory diseases at the barrier tissue. Besides bacteria, fungi make an important contribution to the microbiota and among these, the yeast Malassezia widely dominates in most areas of the skin in healthy individuals. There is accumulating evidence that Malassezia spp...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209506/border-terriers-under-primary-veterinary-care-in-england-demography-and-disorders
#16
Dan G O'Neill, Elisabeth C Darwent, David B Church, Dave C Brodbelt
Background: The Border Terrier is a working terrier type that is generally considered to be a relatively healthy and hardy breed. This study aimed to characterise the demography and common disorders of Border Terriers receiving veterinary care in England using de-identified electronic patient record data within the VetCompass™ Programme. Results: Annual birth proportion for Border Terriers showed a decreasing trend from 1.46% in 2005 to 0.78% in 2014. The median adult bodyweight for males (10...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207743/comparison-of-microbiological-flora-in-the-external-auditory-canal-of-normal-ear-and-an-ear-with-acute-otitis-externa
#17
Asheesh Dora Ghanpur, Dipak Ranjan Nayak, Kiran Chawla, V Shashidhar, Rohit Singh
Introduction: Acute Otitis Externa (AOE) is also known as swimmer's ear. Investigations initiated during World War II firmly established the role of bacteria in the aetiology of Acute Otitis Externa. Aim: To culture the microbiological flora of the normal ear and compare it with the flora causing AOE and to know the role of normal ear canal flora and anaerobes in the aetiology. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted on 64 patients clinically diagnosed with unilateral AOE...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201384/rottweilers-under-primary-veterinary-care-in-the-uk-demography-mortality-and-disorders
#18
Dan G O'Neill, Wee Yin Seah, David B Church, Dave C Brodbelt
Background: Rottweilers are reportedly predisposed to many disorders but accurate prevalence information relating to the general population are lacking. This study aimed to describe demography, mortality and commonly recorded diseases in Rottweilers under UK veterinary care. Clinical health records within the VetCompass Programme were explored for disorders recorded during 2013. Results: Rottweilers comprised 5321 (1.17%) of 455,557 dogs attending 304 clinics. Annual proportional birth rates dropped from 1...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194857/computed-tomographic-characteristics-of-pneumolabyrinth-in-a-french-bulldog-with-otitis-media-and-externa
#19
Audrey Belmudes, Jérôme Couturier, Guillaume Gory, Eddy Cauvin, Guillaume Condamin, Michael Rabillard, Delphine Rault
A four-year-old female French bulldog was presented for evaluation of acute, left-sided peripheral vestibular syndrome. Computed tomographic (CT) examination of the head revealed the presence of air within the left cochlea and vestibule, consistent with pneumolabyrinth. This was concurrent with ipsilateral otitis media and externa. Pneumolabyrinth is an uncommon finding in humans and is most frequently due to head trauma and temporal bone fracture. This is the first report describing pneumolabyrinth in a dog, apparently of nontraumatic origin in this case...
December 1, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192089/draft-genome-sequence-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-atcc-9027-originally-isolated-from-an-outer-ear-infection
#20
Ambikesh Jayal, Benjamin E Johns, Kevin J Purdy, Sarah E Maddocks
Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 9027 was isolated in 1943 from a case of otitis externa and is commonly employed as a quality control strain for sterility, assessment of antibiofilm agents, and in vitro study of wound infection. Here, we present the 6.34-Mb draft genome sequence and highlight some pertinent genes that are associated with virulence.
November 30, 2017: Genome Announcements
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