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Otitis externa

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431777/lomefloxacin
#1
Reem I Al-Wabli
Lomefloxacin is a second-generation difluorinated broad-spectrum quinolone antibiotic. It is used for the treatment of bronchitis, urinary tract infection, conjunctivitis, otitis externa, and otitis media. A comprehensive profile was performed on lomefloxacin including nomenclature, formulae, elemental composition appearance, and physical characteristics. Spectral methods including ultraviolet spectrum, vibrational spectrum, (1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance one- and two-dimensional spectra, and mass spectrum were used for both identification and analysis of the drug...
2017: Profiles of Drug Substances, Excipients, and related Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417060/burden-and-predictors-of-staphylococcus-aureus-and-s-pseudintermedius-infections-among-dogs-presented-at-an-academic-veterinary-hospital-in-south-africa-2007-2012
#2
Daniel N Qekwana, James Wabwire Oguttu, Fortune Sithole, Agricola Odoi
BACKGROUND: Staphylococci are commensals of the mucosal surface and skin of humans and animals, but have been implicated in infections such as otitis externa, pyoderma, urinary tract infections and post-surgical complications. Laboratory records provide useful information to help investigate these infections. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the burdens of these infections and use multinomial regression to examine the associations between various Staphylococcus infections and demographic and temporal factors among dogs admitted to an academic veterinary hospital in South Africa...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375041/prevalence-of-external-ear-disorders-in-belgian-stray-cats
#3
Anouck Bollez, Hilde de Rooster, Alessandra Furcas, Sophie Vandenabeele
Objectives Feline otitis externa is a multifactorial dermatological disorder about which very little is known. The objective of this study was to map the prevalence of external ear canal disorders and the pathogens causing otitis externa in stray cats roaming around the region of Ghent, Belgium. Methods One hundred and thirty stray cats were randomly selected during a local trap-neuter-return programme. All cats were European Shorthairs. This study included clinical, otoscopic and cytological evaluation of both external ears of each cat...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357818/otitis-externa-in-military-divers-more-frequent-and-less-harmful-than-reported
#4
Thijs T Wingelaar, Pieter-Jan Am van Ooij, Rob A van Hulst
INTRODUCTION: Although otitis externa (OE) is a common disease, data related to (military) divers are limited. This study aimed to determine the incidence of OE in military divers during their initial training. We also wished to consider seasonal influences on incidence and whether early detection increases completion of the diving course. METHODS: From January 2011 to October 2016 the Royal Netherlands Navy Diving School trained 189 divers. Up to December 2015 we used the training records for the analyses...
March 2017: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348261/fungal-malignant-otitis-externa
#5
Philippe Frederick Bowles, Victoria Perkins, Eyal Schechter
An 89-year-old man presented to the outpatient clinic with a 2-month history of persistent unilateral left-sided otalgia, otorrhoea and reduced hearing despite oral and topical antibiotics. Treatment was protracted, requiring a 4-month hospital admission for intravenous antifungal medication as well as 3 further months of oral antifungal treatment. We describe the clinical presentation, complications and treatment of this potentially fatal condition in the context of an unusual, and easily missed, causative organism...
March 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314420/sport-injuries-of-the-ear-and-temporal-bone
#6
REVIEW
L Mariel Osetinsky, Grant S Hamilton, Matthew L Carlson
In cases of head trauma, the ear should be evaluated in all of its components. A good understanding of otologic and skull base anatomy enables a thorough trauma assessment of this complex anatomic region. Auricular laceration, abrasion, avulsion, hematoma, frostbite, otitis externa, exostosis, tympanic membrane perforation, ossicular discontinuity, perilymphatic fistula, labyrinthine concussion, temporal bone fracture, facial nerve paresis, and sensorineural hearing loss are a few of the more common otologic injuries seen in active patients...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301961/current-management-of-necrotising-otitis-externa-in-the-uk-survey-of-221-uk-otolaryngologists
#7
Gaurav Chawdhary, Miran Pankhania, Susan Douglas, Ian Bottrill
INTRODUCTION: Necrotising otitis externa (NOE) is a rare infection causing skull base osteomyelitis. The evidence regarding NOE consists mostly of case series. Hence, there is a limited evidence base to guide decision-making. This survey aims to report the experience of 221 otolaryngologists in this condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Internet survey administered to the membership of the British Association of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (ENT UK). RESULTS: Respondents' detailed replies on diagnosis, treatment and follow up are presented...
March 16, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295766/impact-of-a-terbinafine-florfenicol-betamethasone-acetate-otic-gel-on-the-quality-of-life-of-dogs-with-acute-otitis-externa-and-their-owners
#8
Chiara Noli, Roberta Sartori, Tiziana Cena
BACKGROUND: Treatment of canine otitis externa with owner-administered products can be difficult. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate otic treatment administered by a veterinarian on quality of life (QoL) of dogs with otitis externa and their owners, and on clinical and cytology parameters of otitis; compared to an owner-administered treatment. ANIMALS: Fifty client-owned dogs randomly randomized into two groups and treated for 2 weeks. METHODS: Veterinarians treated Group A dogs with a veterinary licensed otic gel on two occasions at a 1 week interval; owners treated Group B dogs once daily with a veterinary licensed otic drop based product along with twice weekly cleaning...
March 15, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252582/-malignant-externa-otitis-the-modern-principles-of-diagnostics-and-treatment
#9
G N Nikiforova, V M Svistushkin, A E Shevchik, A V Zolotova
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the specific features of the clinical course of malignant externa otitis in the context of the present-day concepts. A total of 5 patients presenting with the confirmed diagnosis of malignant external otitis were available for the examination. The analysis of the clinical observations provided the basis for the characteristic of pathogenesis of this condition, diagnostic principles, and treatment modalities for the management of the pathology in question. It is concluded that the patients suffering from malignant externa otitis must remain under medical care and observation during a long period and the strategy for the treatment of each concrete patient should be chosen on an individual basis taking into consideration the presence of concomitant pathologies and their adequate therapy...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251698/use-of-oral-fluralaner-for-the-treatment-of-psoroptes-cuniculi-in-15-naturally-infested-rabbits
#10
Galia Sheinberg, Camilo Romero, Rafael Heredia, Miguel Capulin, Enrique Yarto, Juan Carpio
BACKGROUND: Psoroptes cuniculi, a nonburrowing ear mite, is a common ectoparasite of rabbits. Constant irritation of the auditory canal by the presence of this mite can lead to otitis externa or otoacariasis. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of fluralaner on rabbits naturally infested with P. cuniculi and exhibiting clinical signs. ANIMALS: Fifteen female New Zealand domestic rabbits with otitis due to naturally occurring infestation with P...
March 1, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241842/survey-of-otitis-externa-in-american-cocker-spaniels-in-finland
#11
Mirja Kaimio, Leena Saijonmaa-Koulumies, Outi Laitinen-Vapaavuori
BACKGROUND: American Cocker Spaniels are overrepresented among breeds that require surgery as a treatment of end-stage otitis externa. However, the prevalence of otitis externa (OE) in this breed remains unknown. We reviewed the year 2010 medical records of 55 private veterinary clinics in Finland to determine the prevalence of OE in American Cocker Spaniels compared with English Cocker and English and Welsh Springer Spaniels. An American Cocker Spaniel owner questionnaire was designed to identify potential risk factors for end-stage OE...
February 28, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231368/is-malignant-otitis-externa-on-the-increase-a-retrospective-review-of-cases
#12
Diana Bhasker, Angela Hartley, Frank Agada
We performed a retrospective review of all patients with malignant otitis externa (MOE) treated in our center between July 2004 and December 2012 to evaluate the current epidemiology in our region and to ascertain causative factors associated with the perceived increase in the number of cases diagnosed. Eleven patients were identified (5 men and 6 women), with a mean age of 77 years (range: 38 to 97 years). Diabetes was present in 36%. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the causative organism in 64% of cases; all pathogens were sensitive to ciprofloxacin...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216686/epidemiological-study-of-dogs-with-otitis-externa-in-cape-breton-nova-scotia
#13
Laura R Perry, Bernard MacLennan, Rebecca Korven, Timothy A Rawlings
From May 2008 to December 2013, 320 cases of otitis externa were diagnosed among 2012 dogs undergoing routine physical examinations at Celtic Creatures Veterinary Clinic, Sydney River, Nova Scotia for a diagnosis frequency of 15.9% [95% confidence interval (CI): 14.3% to 17.6%]. Twenty-four percent of these dogs exhibited 1 or multiple recurrences despite initial treatment with topical antimicrobial/anti-inflammatory solutions. The frequency of diagnosis was significantly higher in breeds with pendulous ears, but was not affected by ear hairiness...
February 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122107/the-role-of-surgery-in-necrotizing-otitis-externa
#14
Maayan Gruber, Eyal Sela, Ilana Doweck, Ariel Roitman, Nechama Uri, Samer Srouji, Raanan Cohen-Kerem
This retrospective case review describes a subset of 5 patients with necrotizing otitis externa (NOE) with a refractory disease course who underwent surgery as part of their management plan between 2008 and 2013. Surgery promoted the cure of 4 of the 5 patients, and a fungal pathogen was recovered in 4 of 5 surgical samples. We conclude that surgery may be a necessary diagnostic and treatment adjunct in selective cases of NOE, especially in patients with a refractory disease course or with a suspected fungal etiology...
January 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045847/langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-presenting-as-chronic-otitis-externa
#15
William P McCullough, Avrum N Pollock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045591/clinical-practice-guideline-update
#16
Seth R Schwartz, Anthony E Magit, Richard M Rosenfeld, Bopanna B Ballachanda, Jesse M Hackell, Helene J Krouse, Claire M Lawlor, Kenneth Lin, Kourosh Parham, David R Stutz, Sandy Walsh, Erika A Woodson, Ken Yanagisawa, Eugene R Cunningham
Objective This update of the 2008 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation cerumen impaction clinical practice guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on managing cerumen impaction. Cerumen impaction is defined as an accumulation of cerumen that causes symptoms, prevents assessment of the ear, or both. Changes from the prior guideline include a consumer added to the development group; new evidence (3 guidelines, 5 systematic reviews, and 6 randomized controlled trials); enhanced information on patient education and counseling; a new algorithm to clarify action statement relationships; expanded action statement profiles to explicitly state quality improvement opportunities, confidence in the evidence, intentional vagueness, and differences of opinion; an enhanced external review process to include public comment and journal peer review; and 3 new key action statements on managing cerumen impaction that focus on primary prevention, contraindicated intervention, and referral and coordination of care...
January 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917678/traditional-mediterranean-plants-characterization-and-use-of-an-essential-oils-mixture-to-treat-malassezia-otitis-externa-in-atopic-dogs
#17
Simona Nardoni, Luisa Pistelli, Ilenia Baronti, Basma Najar, Francesca Pisseri, Rose Vanessa Bandeira Reidel, Roberto Papini, Stefania Perrucci, Francesca Mancianti
Several plants extracts from Mediterranean countries are traditionally employed in skin troubles both in humans and in animals. Malassezia pachydermatis is a lipophylic yeast responsible for otitis externa and dermatitis in dogs and for cutaneous and systemic disease in humans. Five mixtures of essential oils obtained from Mediterranean plants (Citrus paradisi, Salvia sclarea, Ocimum basilicum, Rosmarinus officinalis, Citrus limon, Anthemis nobilis, Lavandula hybrida and Thymus vulgaris) provided with antifungal and/or anti-inflammatory action assayed in vitro, were tested in vivo versus M...
December 5, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908938/a-rare-case-of-extensive-cranial-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-synchronously-presenting-as-otitis-externa-and-giant-cell-arteritis
#18
Adnan Darr, Zahir Mughal, Thomas Martin
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare histiocytic disorder of unpredictable clinical course and varied modes of presentation. The spectrum of presentation is wide, ranging from isolated eosinophilic granulomas to multiple lesions and diffuse systemic involvement. We present the case of a 52-year-old man, who presented with an 8-week history of worsening otalgia and superficial temporal tenderness attributed to otitis externa within the community and subsequently giant cell arteritis. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging were undertaken due to atypical features, which demonstrated bony destruction within the right greater wing of the sphenoid, squamous part of temporal and mastoid bone, with middle cranial fossa communication...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882553/malignant-otitis-externa-hospitalizations-analysis-of-patient-characteristics
#19
Michael J Sylvester, Saurin Sanghvi, Viral M Patel, Jean Anderson Eloy, Yu-Lan Mary Ying
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Malignant otitis externa (MOE) is a rare disorder that is not well studied in the inpatient setting. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was utilized to analyze characteristics and predischarge outcomes of hospitalized MOE patients. METHODS: MOE hospitalizations were identified in the 2002 to 2013 NIS. Patient demographics, length of hospital stay, hospital charges, concomitant diagnoses, treatment-related procedures, complications, and in-hospital mortality rates were examined, with comparisons made among age cohorts and between diabetes mellitus (DM) and non-DM groups...
November 24, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870236/prior-antimicrobial-use-as-a-risk-factor-for-resistance-in-selected-staphylococcus-pseudintermedius-isolates-from-the-skin-and-ears-of-dogs
#20
Gila Zur, Bella Gurevich, Daniel Elad
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance within bacteria continues to present therapeutic challenges. One presumed risk factor for increased rates of resistance is prior exposure to antimicrobial drugs. OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of time since most recent exposure, the number of prior antimicrobial exposures and duration of use on antimicrobial resistance rates in Staphylococcus pseudintermedius isolates. METHODS: Inclusion of a case in the study required laboratory isolation of S...
December 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
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