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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331997/correction-a-rare-case-of-dual-diagnosis-in-a-16-year-old-girl-with-shortness-of-breath
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331799/the-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill-coast-guard-cohort-study-a-cross-sectional-study-of-acute-respiratory-health-symptoms
#2
Melannie Alexander, Lawrence S Engel, Nathan Olaiya, Li Wang, John Barrett, Laura Weems, Erica G Schwartz, Jennifer A Rusiecki
INTRODUCTION: Over 8500 United States Coast Guard (USCG) personnel were deployed in response to the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill; however, human respiratory effects as a result of spill-related exposures are relatively unknown. METHODS: USCG personnel who responded to the DWH oil spill were queried via survey on exposures to crude oil and oil dispersant, and acute respiratory symptoms experienced during deployment. Adjusted log binomial regressions were used to calculate prevalence ratios (PRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), investigating the associations between oil spill exposures and respiratory symptoms...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329406/judgement-of-breath-alcohol-concentration-levels-among-pedestrians-in-the-night-time-economy-a-street-intercept-field-study
#3
M P Cameron, M J Roskruge, N Droste, P G Miller
Aims: To evaluate how well people in the night-time economy can assess their own breath alcohol concentration (BrAC), in the context of a change in breath alcohol limits for driving. Methods: We conducted a field study of 242 participants over 5 nights in the central business district of a university town in New Zealand. Participants completed a short survey, which included questions on their self-reported level of intoxication and the self-estimated BrAC. At the conclusion of the interview each participant was breath-tested...
January 10, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327942/efficient-selective-screening-for-heart-failure-in-elderly-men-and-women-from-the-community-a-diagnostic-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis
#4
Rogier F Kievit, Aisha Gohar, Arno W Hoes, Michiel L Bots, Evelien Es van Riet, Yvonne van Mourik, Loes Cm Bertens, Leandra Jm Boonman-de Winter, Hester M den Ruijter, Frans H Rutten
Background Prevalence of undetected heart failure in older individuals is high in the community, with patients being at increased risk of morbidity and mortality due to the chronic and progressive nature of this complex syndrome. An essential, yet currently unavailable, strategy to pre-select candidates eligible for echocardiography to confirm or exclude heart failure would identify patients earlier, enable targeted interventions and prevent disease progression. The aim of this study was therefore to develop and validate such a model that can be implemented clinically...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327733/orthopaedic-treatment-effects-of-functional-therapy-on-the-sagittal-pharyngeal-dimensions-in-subjects-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-class-ii-malocclusion
#5
C Pavoni, E Cretella Lombardo, R Lione, P Bollero, F Ottaviani, P Cozza
The purpose of this cephalometric study was to evaluate the craniofacial changes induced by functional treatment of mandibular advancement with special regard to pharyngeal sagittal airway dimensions, tongue and hyoid bone position in subjects with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and dentoskeletal Class II malocclusions compared with an untreated Class II control group. 51 subjects (24 female, 27 male; mean age 9.9 ± 1.3 years) with Class II malocclusion and SDB consecutively treated with a functional appliance (Modify Monobloc, MM) were compared with a control group of 31 subjects (15 males, 16 females; mean age 10...
December 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325364/-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-coil-embolization-of-septal-branch-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-obstructive-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#6
H Liu, Q Wu, H W Tan, J Pang
Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of coil embolization of septal branch in the treatment of obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HOCM). Methods: Eighteen patients with HOCM hospitalized in our department from September 2014 to October 2016 were enrolled in this study. There were 12 males and 6 females in this cohort and the age of patients ranged from 22 to 64 years old. Left ventricular outflow tract gradient (LVOTG) was derived from echocardiographic apical five-chamber view at pre-operation and at 48 hours and 6 months post operation...
December 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325304/-the-chinese-experts-consensus-on-the-evaluation-and-management-of-asthma-exacerbation
#7
(no author information available yet)
Asthma exacerbations can do a lot of harm to the patients and consume large amounts of medical resources. This consensus is based on the domestic and foreign guidelines and literatures to standardize the evaluation and management of asthma exacerbations in China. Asthma exacerbations are characterized by a progressive increase in symptoms of shortness of breath, cough, wheezing or chest tightness and progressive decrease in lung function, and usually require modification of treatment. Recognizing risk factors and triggering factors of asthma exacerbations is helpful for the prevention and long-term management...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324816/changes-in-respiratory-and-non-respiratory-symptoms-in-occupants-of-a-large-office-building-over-a-period-of-moisture-damage-remediation-attempts
#8
Ju-Hyeong Park, Sook Ja Cho, Sandra K White, Jean M Cox-Ganser
There is limited information on the natural history of building occupants' health in relation to attempts to remediate moisture damage. We examined changes in respiratory and non-respiratory symptoms in 1,175 office building occupants over seven years with multiple remediation attempts. During each of four surveys, we categorized participants using a severity score: 0 = asymptomatic; 1 = mild, symptomatic in the last 12 months, but not frequently in the last 4 weeks; 2 = severe, symptomatic at least once weekly in the last 4 weeks...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319732/a-fatal-and-metabolic-experimental-hemorrhagic-shock-in-immature-swine
#9
Simone Alves Dos Santos Ferreira, Ana Cristina de Moraes, Renato Giuseppe Giovanni Terzi, Evandro Luis Assis Ferreira, William Adalberto Silva, Marcos Mello Moreira
PURPOSE: To use blood lactate (BL) as an end-point metabolic marker for the begin resuscitation of volume replacement in experimental hemorrhagic shock. METHODS: Group I (n=7) was not bled (Control). Animals in Group II (n=7) were bled to a MAP of 30mmHg in thirty minutes. Hemodynamic and metabolic data were recorded at Baseline, at 30, 60 and 120 minutes after Baseline. The animals were intubated in spontaneous breathing (FIO2=0.21) with halothane. RESULTS: Group I all survived...
December 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318792/hemodynamic-effects-on-systemic-blood-flow-and-ductal-shunting-flow-after-loading-dose-of-intravenous-caffeine-in-preterm-infants-according-to-the-patency-of-ductus-arteriosus
#10
Jihye Hwang, Yu Seon Kim, Jeong Hee Shin, Byung Min Choi
BACKGROUND: In preterm infants, caffeine citrate is used to stimulate breathing before they are weaned from mechanical ventilation and to reduce the frequency of apnea. In recent studies, effects of caffeine on the cardiovascular system have been emphasized in preterm infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). METHODS: This study aimed to assess the short-term hemodynamic effects on systemic blood flow and ductal shunting flow after loading standard doses of intravenous caffeine in preterm infants...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314198/nonrigid-active-shape-model-based-registration-framework-for-motion-correction-of-cardiac-t1-mapping
#11
Hossam El-Rewaidy, Maryam Nezafat, Jihye Jang, Shiro Nakamori, Ahmed S Fahmy, Reza Nezafat
PURPOSE: Accurate reconstruction of myocardial T1 maps from a series of T1 -weighted images consists of cardiac motions induced from breathing and diaphragmatic drifts. We propose and evaluate a new framework based on active shape models to correct for motion in myocardial T1 maps. METHODS: Multiple appearance models were built at different inversion time intervals to model the blood-myocardium contrast and brightness changes during the longitudinal relaxation. Myocardial inner and outer borders were automatically segmented using the built models, and the extracted contours were used to register the T1 -weighted images...
January 3, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312774/marfan-syndrome-with-pneumothorax-case-report-and-review-of-literatures
#12
Weiming Hao, Yong Fang, Hao Lai, Yaxing Shen, Hao Wang, Miao Lin, Lijie Tan
Marfan syndrome is a multisystem connective tissue disorder of autosomal dominant inheritance, which typically involves manifestations of the cardiovascular, skeletal, and ocular systems. Pulmonary involvement occurs less frequently. We report a case of a 28-year-old woman suffering from hours of sudden onset, progressive shortness of breath and right-sided chest pain. On physical examination, she presented decreased breath sound on the right side of chest, together with severe scoliosis and marfanoid habitus...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311408/hepatic-hydrothorax
#13
Yong Lv, Guohong Han, Daiming Fan
Hepatic hydrothorax (HH) is a pleural effusion that develops in a patient with cirrhosis and portal hypertension in the absence of cardiopulmonary disease. Although the development of HH remains incompletely understood, the most acceptable explanation is that the pleural effusion is a result of a direct passage of ascitic fluid into the pleural cavity through a defect in the diaphragm due to the raised abdominal pressure and the negative pressure within the pleural space. Patients with HH can be asymptomatic or present with pulmonary symptoms such as shortness of breath, cough, hypoxemia, or respiratory failure associated with large pleural effusions...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311401/hepatic-cyst-compressing-the-right-atrial-and-ventricular-inflow-tract-an-uncommon-cardiac-complication
#14
Maulik Panchal, Ahmed Alansari, Marc Wallack, Ferdinand Visco, Susan Williams, Alexander M Sy
Commonly reported complications of hepatic cysts are spontaneous hemorrhage, rupture into the peritoneal cavity, infection and compression of the biliary tree however cardiac complications are not commonly reported. We are presenting a case of a large liver cyst presenting with right atrial and ventricular inflow tract impingement resulting in cardiac symptoms. A 68 year-old Hispanic female presented with one month of fatigue and shortness of breath after household work and walking less than one block, right upper quadrant pain and weight loss...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308847/comprehensive-overview-of-haemoglobin-mass-and-blood-volume-in-elite-athletes-across-a-wide-range-of-different-sporting-disciplines
#15
Irina Zelenkova, Sergey Zotkin, Pavel Korneev, Sergey Koprov, Alexandr Grushin
BACKGROUND: Comparison of total haemoglobin mass (tHb-mass) and blood volume (BV) across elite athletes different sporting specialisations. METHODS: 222 members of Russian national teams from 12 different disciplines and non Olympic competitive season for tHb-mass, BV, plasma volume (PV), haemoglobin concentration (Hb), and hematocrit level (Hct) determination. tHb-mass measurements were performed using CO-rebreathing technique, alongside Hb and Hct (capillary blood)...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305321/factors-associated-with-symptom-relief-in-end-of-life-care-in-residential-care-homes-a-national-register-based-study
#16
Sofia Andersson, Kristofer Årestedt, Olav Lindqvist, Carl-Johan Fürst, Margareta Brännström
BACKGROUND: Residential care homes (RCHs) are a common place of death. Previous studies have reported a high prevalence of symptoms such as pain and shortness of breath among residents in the last week of life. AIM: To explore the presence of symptoms and symptom relief, and identify factors associated with symptom relief of pain, nausea, anxiety, and shortness of breath among RCH residents in end-of-life care. METHOD: The data consisted of all expected deaths at RCHs registered in the Swedish Register of Palliative Care (n=22 855)...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301855/gene-editing-as-a-promising-approach-for-respiratory-diseases
#17
Yichun Bai, Yang Liu, Zhenlei Su, Yana Ma, Chonghua Ren, Runzhen Zhao, Hong-Long Ji
Respiratory diseases, which are leading causes of mortality and morbidity in the world, are dysfunctions of the nasopharynx, the trachea, the bronchus, the lung and the pleural cavity. Symptoms of chronic respiratory diseases, such as cough, sneezing and difficulty breathing, may seriously affect the productivity, sleep quality and physical and mental well-being of patients, and patients with acute respiratory diseases may have difficulty breathing, anoxia and even life-threatening respiratory failure. Respiratory diseases are generally heterogeneous, with multifaceted causes including smoking, ageing, air pollution, infection and gene mutations...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299818/influence-of-the-reference-scan-and-scan-time-on-the-arterial-phase-of-liver-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#18
Yoshinori Tsuji, Satoshi Saitoh, Junji Takahashi, Chisato Abe, Tatsuya Hayashi, Masahiro Kobayashi
The controlled aliasing in parallel imaging results in higher acceleration (CAIPIRINHA) technique can decrease scan time. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an arterial phase scan can be performed in 5 s using the CAIPIRINHA short-scan and a reference scanning technique. The generalized autocalibrating partially parallel acquisition (GRAPPA), the CAIPIRINHA routine (CAIPI-routine), and the CAIPIRINHA short-scanning (CAIPI-short) methods were compared. The scan time for each method was preset to 20 s, 15 s, and 10 s, respectively...
January 3, 2018: Radiological Physics and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298692/an-in-vivo-comparison-of-stimulated-echo-and-motion-compensated-spin-echo-sequences-for-3%C3%A2-t-diffusion-tensor-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-at-multiple-cardiac-phases
#19
Andrew D Scott, Sonia Nielles-Vallespin, Pedro F Ferreira, Zohya Khalique, Peter D Gatehouse, Philip Kilner, Dudley J Pennell, David N Firmin
BACKGROUND: Stimulated-echo (STEAM) and, more recently, motion-compensated spin-echo (M2-SE) techniques have been used for in-vivo diffusion tensor cardiovascular magnetic resonance (DT-CMR) assessment of cardiac microstructure. The two techniques differ in the length scales of diffusion interrogated, their signal-to-noise ratio efficiency and sensitivity to both motion and strain. Previous comparisons of the techniques have used high performance gradients at 1.5 T in a single cardiac phase...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295715/symptoms-related-to-new-flight-attendant-uniforms
#20
Eileen McNeely, Steven J Staffa, Irina Mordukhovich, Brent Coull
BACKGROUND: Flight attendants at Alaska Airlines reported health symptoms after the introduction of new uniforms in 2011. The airline replaced the uniforms in 2014 without acknowledging harm. To understand possible uniform-related health effects, we analyzed self-reported health symptoms in crew who participated in the Harvard Flight Attendant Health Study between 2007 and 2015, the period before, during, and after the introduction of new uniforms. METHODS: We calculated a standardized prevalence of respiratory, dermatological and allergic symptoms at baseline, as well as during and after uniform changes in 684 flight attendants with a varying number of surveys completed across each time point...
January 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
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