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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530250/the-hump-columellar-strut-a-reliable-technique-for-correction-of-nasal-tip-underprojection
#1
P G Giacomini, S Mocella, S Di Girolamo, R De Berardinis, A Boccieri
Nasal tip under projection is often found in rhinoplasty cases both for congenital or post-traumatic deformity. Nasal trauma may result in alteration of the external and internal nasal structures with following aesthetic impairment and difficulties in breathing. Post-traumatic surgery is frequent, but restoration of pre-traumatic form and function remains a challenge. The present paper describes a new method to increase tip projection by a columellar strut harvested from the autologous nasal bone and cartilage of the resected hump...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530073/-red-herring-complaints-in-an-eighteen-years-old-female-with-a-hydatid-cyst-of-the-lung
#2
Nasser Nadim
Brain and eye hydatid cysts are early symptomatic, as opposed to those developing in other organs, including lungs, where they remain asymptomatic through adolescence, even to adulthood, due to their slow growth. Hence, discovering that patients have lung hydatid cyst occurs, frequently, during random chest imaging. Up to thirty percent of pulmonary echinococcal cysts may rupture spontaneously, after chest or abdominal trauma. The main lung hydatidosis complaints, such as dyspnea and chest pain, are caused by the reduction of the functional area of the lung, expectoration of the tapeworm cystoides into the bronchial tree, or by compression of surrounding structures...
November 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527883/endovascular-iliocaval-stent-reconstruction-for-inferior-vena-cava-filter-associated-iliocaval-thrombosis-approach-technical-success-safety-and-two-year-outcomes-in-120-patients
#3
Jeffrey Forris Beecham Chick, Alexandria Jo, J Matthew Meadows, Steven D Abramowitz, Minhaj S Khaja, Kyle J Cooper, David M Williams
PURPOSE: To report technical success, outcomes, and patency of iliocaval stent reconstruction for inferior vena cava (IVC) filter-bearing iliocaval thrombosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 120 patients with 123 IVC filters and symptomatic iliocaval thrombosis underwent stent reconstruction. Mean patient age was 55 years (range, 19-88 y). Filters included 70 (57%) retrievable and 53 (43%) permanent filters. Symptoms included lower extremity swelling or pain (n = 93), ulcers (n = 8), phlegmasia (n = 7), back pain (n = 5), shortness of breath (n = 4), worsening renal function (n = 2), and stenosis identified during translumbar catheter placement (n = 1)...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526593/cardiac-tamponade-as-an-initial-presentation-for-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#4
William Li, Thomas Frohwein, Kenneth Ong
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease which follows a relapsing and remitting course that can manifest in any organ system. While classic manifestations consist of arthralgia, myalgia, frank arthritis, a malar rash and renal failure to name a few, cardiac tamponade, however, is a far less common and far more dangerous presentation. We highlight the case of a 61year-old male with complaints of acute onset shortness of breath and generalized body aches associated with a fever and chills in the ER...
April 29, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526249/modified-children-s-sleep-habits-questionnaire-for-behavioral-sleep-problems-a-validation-study
#5
Karen A Bonuck, Beth L Goodlin-Jones, Clyde Schechter, Judith Owens
OBJECTIVES: Behavioral sleep problems (BSPs) are prevalent and consequential in young children. There is a need for screening tools that identify BSPs-which are often rooted in the parent-young child relationship-and typically respond to behavior management. Such a tool would increase capacity to identify and treat BSPs. We sought to validate a short-form version of the widely used Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (SF-CSHQ) that omitted items that would not be responsive to behavioral strategies...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524743/nanoparticle-exposures-from-nano-enabled-toner-based-printing-equipment-and-human-health-state-of-science-and-future-research-needs
#6
Sandra Vanessa Pirela, John Martin, Dhimiter Bello, Philip Demokritou
Toner formulations used by laser printers (LP) and photocopiers (PC), collectively called "toner-based printing equipment" (TPE), are nano-enabled products (NEP) because they contain several engineered nanomaterials (ENM) that improve toner performance. It has been shown that during consumer use (printing), these ENM are released in the air, together with other semi-volatile organic nanoparticles, and newly formed gaseous co-pollutants such as volatile organic compounds (VOC). The aim of this review is to detail and analyze physico-chemical and morphological (PCM), as well as the toxicological properties of particulate matter (PM) emissions from TPE...
May 19, 2017: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520763/genome-wide-gene-expression-array-identifies-novel-genes-related-to-disease-severity-and-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#7
Yung-Che Chen, Kuang-Den Chen, Mao-Chang Su, Chien-Hung Chin, Chung-Jen Chen, Chia-Wei Liou, Ting-Wen Chen, Ya-Chun Chang, Kuo-Tung Huang, Chin-Chou Wang, Ting-Ya Wang, Jen-Chieh Chang, Yong-Yong Lin, Yi-Xin Zheng, Meng-Chih Lin, Chang-Chun Hsiao
We aimed to identify novel molecular associations between chronic intermittent hypoxia with re-oxygenation and adverse consequences in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We analyzed gene expression profiles of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 48 patients with sleep-disordered breathing stratified into four groups: primary snoring (PS), moderate to severe OSA (MSO), very severe OSA (VSO), and very severe OSA patients on long-term continuous positive airway pressure treatment (VSOC). Comparisons of the microarray gene expression data identified eight genes up-regulated with OSA and down-regulated with CPAP treatment, and five genes down-regulated with OSA and up-regulated with CPAP treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515825/late-presentation-of-aortic-aneurysm-and-dissection-following-cardiac-catheterization
#8
Abimbola Shofu, G Mustafa Awan, Bassam Omar, Ghazanfar Qureshi
We report a 63-year-old female with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and prior pacemaker insertion for atrial fibrillation with symptomatic bradycardia, who was admitted with substernal chest pressure and diaphoresis. Her electrocardiogram revealed atrial fibrillation with demand ventricular pacing and her cardiac biomarkers were negative for acute coronary syndrome. Echocardiogram revealed normal left ventricular systolic function and normal aortic root diameter. Coronary angiography revealed 60-70% obtuse marginal lesion, otherwise mild disease...
April 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515392/assessment-of-left-ventricular-function-and-mass-on-free-breathing-compressed-sensing-real-time-cine-imaging
#9
Tomoyuki Kido, Teruhito Kido, Masashi Nakamura, Kouki Watanabe, Michaela Schmidt, Christoph Forman, Teruhito Mochizuki
BACKGROUND: Compressed sensing (CS) cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has the advantage of being inherently insensitive to respiratory motion. This study compared the accuracy of free-breathing (FB) CS and breath-hold (BH) standard cine MRI for left ventricular (LV) volume assessment.Methods and Results:Sixty-three patients underwent cine MRI with both techniques. Both types of images were acquired in stacks of 8 short-axis slices (temporal/spatial resolution, 41 ms/1.7×1.7×6 mm(3)) and compared for ejection fraction, end-diastolic and systolic volumes, stroke volume, and LV mass...
May 18, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514978/jugular-infused-methionine-lysine-and-branched-chain-amino-acids-does-not-improve-milk-production-in-holstein-cows-experiencing-heat-stress
#10
K R Kassube, J D Kaufman, K G Pohler, J W McFadden, A G Ríus
Poor utilization of amino acids contributes to losses of milk protein yield in dairy cows exposed to heat stress (HS). Our objective was to test the effect of essential amino acids on milk production in lactating dairy cows exposed to short-term HS conditions. To achieve this objective, 12 multiparous, lactating Holstein cows were assigned to two environments (thermoneutral (THN) or HS) from days 1 to 14 in a split-plot type cross-over design. All cows received 0 g/day of essential amino acids from days 1 to 7 (negative control (NC)) followed by an intravenous infusion of l-methionine (12 g/day), l-lysine (21 g/day), l-leucine (35 g/day), l-isoleucine (15 g/day) and l-valine (15 g/day, methionine, lysine and branched-chain amino acids (ML+BCAA)) from days 8 to 14...
May 18, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511647/low-smoke-chulha-in-indian-slums-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Megha Thakur, Esther A Boudewijns, Giridhara R Babu, Bjorn Winkens, Luc P de Witte, Jeroen Gruiskens, Preeti Sushama, Cristian T Ghergu, Onno C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Biomass fuel is used as a primary cooking source by more than half of the world's population, contributing to a high burden of disease. Although cleaner fuels are available, some households continue using solid fuels because of financial constraints and absence of infrastructure, especially in non-notified slums. The present study documents a randomised controlled study investigating the efficacy of improved cookstove on the personal exposure to air pollution and the respiratory health of women and children in an Indian slum...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510491/short-term-growth-during-treatment-with-inhaled-fluticasone-propionate-formoterol-fluticasone-and-beclomethasone-treatment
#12
Ole D Wolthers, Ainslee Moore, Sabine Mersmann, Sanjeeva Dissanayake
BACKGROUND: Fluticasone propionate/formoterol (FP/FORM) is a pressurized metered-dose inhaler (pMDI; Flutiform(®)) approved for use in adolescents and adults and under development for pediatric use. OBJECTIVE: To compare short-term growth in asthmatic children treated with FP/FORM, FP pMDI with valved holding chamber, and beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) in a breath-actuated device. METHODS: Children with persistent asthma (n = 48; 5 to <12 years) participated in an assessor-blinded, randomized, three-way crossover trial with run in, wash out, and active treatment periods, each of 2 weeks duration...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507892/a-case-of-massive-hemoptysis-following-transesophageal-echocardiogram
#13
Sean J Callahan, Robert M Jones, Dana Albon, Andrew D Mihalek
INTRODUCTION: Tracheal intubation leading to injury of the airway is a rare complication of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Tracheal trauma is not a described complication of TEE, and safety literature for this procedure remains silent on the matter. We describe the case of a patient on systemic anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy who underwent TEE and suffered massive hemoptysis requiring bronchial artery embolization (BAE). CASE PRESENTATION: An elderly patient was admitted to the hospital with recently diagnosed atrial fibrillation and shortness of breath...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507165/reliability-and-validity-of-an-agility-like-incremental-exercise-test-with-multidirectional-change-of-direction-movements-in-response-to-a-visual-stimulus
#14
Dennis-Peter Born, Philipp Kunz, Billy Sperlich
The aim of the study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of cardiorespiratory and metabolic variables, that is, peak oxygen uptake (V'O2peak) and heart rate (HRpeak), obtained from an agility-like incremental exercise test for team sport athletes. To investigate the test-retest reliability, 25 team sport athletes (age: 22 ± 3 years, body mass: 75 ± 7 kg, height: 182 ± 6 cm) performed an agility-like incremental exercise test on the SpeedCourt (SC) system incorporating multidirectional change-of-direction (COD) movements twice...
May 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506101/evaluation-of-personal-inhalable-aerosol-samplers-with-different-filters-for-use-during-anthrax-responses
#15
Sergey A Grinshpun, Angela M Weber, Michael Yermakov, Reshmi Indugula, Yousef Elmashae, Tiina Reponen, Laura Rose
Risk of inhalation exposure to viable Bacillus anthracis (B. anthracis) spores has primarily been assessed using short-term, stationary sampling methods which may not accurately characterize the concentration of inhalable-sized spores reaching a person's breathing zone. While a variety of aerosol sampling methods have been utilized during previous anthrax responses, no consensus has yet been established for personal air sampling. The goal of this study was to determine the best sampler-filter combination(s) for the collection and extraction of B...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503328/phrenic-pacing-compared-with-mechanical-ventilation
#16
Morten Packert Andersen, Michael Laub, Fin Biering-Sørensen
STUDY DESIGN: Comparable case series. OBJECTIVES: High-cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) may disrupt the ability to breathe sufficiently. To restore respiration a phrenic nerve pacer can be implanted. The aims of this study were to describe the use of phrenic nerve pacing in tetraplegics in Denmark and compare the users with a population of ventilator dependent tetraplegics. SETTING: Clinics for Spinal Cord Injuries, and Respiratory Centre East, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502935/two-cases-of-neurolymphomatosis-with-fatal-bilateral-vocal-cord-paralysis-that-were-diagnosed-with-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-fdg-pet-ct
#17
Yuichiro Ono, Yasuhiro Kazuma, Yotaro Ochi, Ryosuke Matsuoka, Yukihiro Imai, Takayuki Ishikawa
Neurolymphomatosis is a rare entity defined as nerve infiltration by neurotropic abnormal lymphocytes which can lead to the development of neuropathy, with typical presentations including pain, hypoesthesia, paresthesis and palsy. We herein report two cases where critical bilateral vocal cord paralysis due to neurolymphomatosis in recurrent nerves occurred in refractory Burkitt lymphoma and adult T-cell lymphoma patients. High-dose methotrexate and intrathecal chemotherapy injection for the nervous lesions were ineffective, and the patients died...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502461/meta-analysis-of-effects-of-voluntary-slow-breathing-exercises-for-control-of-heart-rate-and-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases
#18
Yan Zou, Xin Zhao, Yun-Ying Hou, Ting Liu, Qing Wu, Yu-Hui Huang, Xiao-Hua Wang
Rising heart rate (HR) and elevated blood pressure (BP) cause a greater frequency of cardiovascular events. Many patients cannot maintain target HR and BP using pharmacological therapies. To evaluate the effectiveness of voluntary slow breathing exercises in reducing resting HR and BP, we searched Embase (1974 to April 2016), PubMed (1966 to April 2016), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (issue 4, April 2016), and PEDro (www.pedro.org.au; 1999 to April 2016). The primary outcome was the mean change in HR at rest...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499686/an-unusual-case-of-shortness-of-breath
#19
Richard J Moody, Sarah E Fabiano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496510/constrictive-pericarditis-and-primary-amenorrhea-with-syndactyly-in-an-iranian-female-mulibrey-nanism-syndrome
#20
Tahereh Davarpasand, Maryam Sotoudeh Anvari, Mohammad Naderan, Mohammad Ali Boroumand, Hossein Ahmadi
Mulibrey nanism is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome caused by a mutation in the TRIM37 gene with severe growth retardation and multiple organ involvement. Early diagnosis is important because 50% of the patients develop congestive heart failure owing to constrictive pericarditis, and this condition plays a critical role in the final prognosis. A 37-year-old female patient presented with symptoms of dyspnea on exertion and shortness of breath. She had severe growth failure and craniofacial dysmorphic feature...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
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